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Results 401 - 450 of 3459
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Takebe Miki - - 2013
The functions of MAELSTROM protein (MAEL) in spermatogenesis are gradually being identified but the precise distribution of MAEL in spermatogenic cells during spermatogenesis has not yet been mapped. We studied the expression of MAEL in rat testis by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy (IEM). Immunofluorescence staining showed that MAEL was localized in ...
Tennant Peter W G - - 2013
Studies of the association between early life infections and cancer have produced inconsistent findings, possibly due to limited adjustment for confounding and retrospective designs. This study utilised data from the Newcastle Thousand Families Study, a prospective cohort of 1,142 individuals born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1947, to assess the impact of ...
Sasikala V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cataract, the leading cause of blindness, is associated with oxidative damage and protein modification in the lens. The present study was carried out to assess the efficacy of rutin on rat-lens crystallins in selenite-induced in-vivo cataract models. METHODS: Eight-day-old Sprague-Dawley rat pups were grouped as control (G I), experimental ...
Onesti Silvia - - 2013
The CMG (Cdc45-MCM-GINS) complex is the eukaryotic replicative helicase, the enzyme that unwinds double-stranded DNA at replication forks. All three components of the CMG complex are essential for its function, but only in the case of MCM, the molecular motor that harnesses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to catalyse strand ...
Haile Luke - - 2013
Session perceived exertion (S-RPE) and session affective responses (S-AR) are post-exercise estimates of the global responses experienced during exercise. To compare S-RPE and S-AR to acute RPE (A-RPE) and acute AR (A-AR) during self-selected (SS) and imposed (IMP) exercise of the same workload. Thirty-two males (22.3 ± 2.2 years) performed two, 20-min cycle ...
Bruin J A N - - 2013
Many exotic compounds, such as cuprate superconductors and heavy fermion materials, exhibit a linear in temperature (T) resistivity, the origin of which is not well understood. We found that the resistivity of the quantum critical metal Sr(3)Ru(2)O(7) is also T-linear at the critical magnetic field of 7.9 T. Using the ...
Yafune Atsunori - - 2013
Some hepatocarcinogens induce cytomegaly, which reflects aberrant cell cycling and increased ploidy, from the early stages of administration to animals. To clarify the regulatory molecular mechanisms behind cell cycle aberrations related to the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis, we performed gene expression analysis using microarrays and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain ...
Boissière Louis - - 2013
PURPOSE: Sagittal malalignment is frequently observed in adult scoliosis. C7 plumb line, lumbar lordosis and pelvic tilt are the main factors to evaluate sagittal balance and the need of a vertebral osteotomy to correct it. We described a ratio: the lumbar lordosis index (ratio lumbar lordosis/pelvic incidence) (LLI) and analyzed ...
Gu Jing - - 2013
Although methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is an important means of HIV control, MMT clinics commonly have high attrition rates. The randomized controlled trial investigated the relative efficacy of adding a psycho-social intervention to the standard-of-care MMT in reducing attrition and non-attendance among first-time newly admitted MMT users in China (n = 288). ...
Zarzavadjian Le Bian Alban - - 2013
Diaphragmatic rupture is usually an immediate, left-sided complication of high-velocity thoraco-abdominal trauma. Here we present a rare case of delayed, right-sided diaphragmatic rupture and its laparoscopic mesh repair.
Heneberg Petr - - 2013
Fasciola jacksoni (Cobbold, 1869) is a highly prevalent (18-62 %) species colonizing the liver (less frequently the lungs, kidneys, pericardia, and intestines) of Elephas maximus indicus and Elephas maximus maximus in the Indomalayan region, causing cirrhosis, hemorrhages, and connective tissue proliferation. The phylogenetic relationships of Fasciola jacksoni in relation to representative ...
Nugraheni Ari Dwi - - 2013
We have previously shown that methionine-heme iron coordination is perturbed in domain-swapped dimeric horse cytochrome c. To gain insight into the effect of methionine dissociation in dimeric cytochrome c, we investigated its interaction with cyanide ion. We found that the Soret and Q bands of oxidized dimeric cytochrome c at 406.5 and 529 nm redshift ...
Wong Carolyn F - - 2013
African American young men who have sex with men (AAYMSM) from the House and Ball communities are at high risk for HIV infection. Because these communities are not only sources of risk but also support for AAYMSM, researchers must also consider the resources these communities possess. This knowledge will assist ...
Wang Feng-Xia - - 2013
Nanowire networks of zinc octaethylporphyrin (ZnOEP) were printed using an aerosol-jet printer on a poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) flexible substrate. The prototype photodetector based on the as-printed network exhibited high photosensitivity, fast photoresponse, and excellent mechanical stability.
Binai Nadine A - - 2013
In postmenopausal women, adipositas represents a serious risk factor for cancer development and progression. White adipose tissue secretes the 16 kDa hormone leptin which plays a key role in the regulation of appetite and metabolism. An increasing number of reports indicate that leptin also interferes with signal transduction pathways implicated in ...
Chung Mi Lim - - 2013
Abstract Background: Thyroid dysfunction is very common and is associated with neurodevelopmental impairments in preterm infants. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the incidence and natural course of various thyroid dysfunctions and their impacts on neurodevelopmental outcomes among premature infants. Methods: A total of 177 infants were enrolled who ...
Okochi Jiro - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was introduced by the World Health Organization as a common taxonomy to describe the burden of health conditions. This study focuses on the development of a scale for staging basic mobility and walking functions based on the ICF. METHODS: ...
Guo Le - - 2013
The first α-alkylation of unactivated amides with primary alcohols is described. An effective and robust iridium pincer complex has been developed for selective α-alkylation of tertiary and secondary acetamides involving a "borrowing hydrogen" methodology. The method is compatible with alcohols bearing various functional groups. This presents a convenient and environmentally ...
Zimkowski Michael M - - 2013
About 600,000 hernia repair surgeries are performed each year; recently, the use of laparoscopic minimally invasive techniques has become increasingly popular in these operations. Use of surgical mesh in hernia repair has shown lower recurrence rates compared to other repair methods. However in many procedures, placement of surgical mesh can ...
Berganzo Koldo - - 2013
Orthostatic hypotension and supine hypertension frequently coexist in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, leading to visceral damage and increased mortality rates. The aim of this paper is to analyze the frequency and association of both conditions in a sample of outpatients with PD. A total of 111 patients, diagnosed with PD, ...
Sano Atsushi - - 2013
A 21-year-old man with a history of bronchial asthma during childhood presented with left recurrent pneumothorax. Chest x-ray showed collapse of the left lung. Computed tomography showed hyperlucency and some bullae in the left upper lobe. Thoracoscopic bullectomy and pleurodesis were performed. Pneumothorax recurred twice, for which thoracoscopic bullectomy and ...
White Helene R - - 2013
Personalized feedback interventions (PFIs) to reduce drinking in college students often provide feedback about negative alcohol-related consequences experienced by students to motivate them to drink less. Yet, there is evidence which suggests that not everyone perceives consequences as negative and raises questions regarding the utility of consequence-specific feedback for some ...
Medina Anya - - 2013
The mechanism that initiates regeneration of pancreatic β-cells is not clear at present. The vagal nerve is implicated in the regulation of gastrointestinal functions, glucose metabolism and proliferation of pancreatic β-cells under physiological conditions. To elucidate the triggering mechanism of the regeneration of pancreatic β-cells, we examined the involvement of ...
Kinnear John A - - 2013
PURPOSE: A new postgraduate anesthesiology residency program has been founded as a North-South partnership between the United Kingdom (UK) and Zambia. The project aims to train physician anesthesiologists in Lusaka in an attempt to address the high perioperative mortality associated with anesthesia as well as to provide better professional support ...
Kolachi Nida F - - 2013
The use of natural remedies and pharmacological mineral supplements for liver disease treatment has a long history. In present study, the levels of selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) were determined in biological samples (serum and whole blood) of female hepatitis C patients (n = 132), age ranged 30-45 years, before and after 30 days ...
Ha Sang Yun - - 2013
Glioblastoma with an oligodendroglial component (GBMO) is recognized as a subgroup of glioblastoma (GBM); however, the molecular and clinicopathological characteristics of GBMO are obscure. We evaluated the methylation status of MGMT, IDH1/2 mutation, deletions of 1p and 19q and expression of IDH1, p53, p16, CD151, and galectin3 proteins in 42 ...
Nakada Takeo - - 2013
We report a case of retroesophageal parathyroid adenoma coexisting with an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA). A 63-year-old female presented with elevated serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone levels. (99m)Tc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile scintigram and enhanced chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a mediastinal tumor measuring 25 × 15 × 7 mm located posterior ...
Aamar Suhail - - 2013
Inflammatory large-vessel vasculitis in Behçet's disease may cause life-threatening arterial aneurysms that are prone to rupture. We report a patient with Behçet's disease with right ventricular thrombus and large aneurysms of the pulmonary arteries that led to recurrent episodes of hemoptysis. Following relapses and only partial response to repeated courses ...
Guo Linna - - 2013
A series of Lu(6)O(5)F(8):20%Yb(3+),1%Er(3+)(Tm(3+)),x%Li(+) (0 ≤ x ≤ 12) nanoparticles with average size from 20 to 320 nm upon increasing Li(+) concentration were prepared by a coprecipitation method. The detailed crystal structure of Lu(6)O(5)F(8) as a new matrix is firstly analysed via retrieved refinement of the powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). ...
Jiang Ling - - 2013
Expression of miR-34c is significantly reduced in human endometrial cancer cells and miR-34c regulates multiple genes associated with cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis and invasiveness. Thus, miR-34c can theoretically become a target that enhances chemotherapy. Upregulation of miR-34c to enhance the chemotherapeutic effect of cisplatin (DDP) has not been studied in ...
Kim Yungkun - - 2013
Craniomandibular traits of the water deer from the Korean peninsula were examined to assess size change in growth between age groups and sexes. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted based on 34 cranial and 11 mandibular measurements from both sexes. Statistical comparisons of skull measurements revealed a significantly different growth ...
Lin Na - - 2013
Abstract Background: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inherited disorder caused by a deficiency of the mitochondrial branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase complex. We investigated whether liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is a more reliable and accurate method than MS/MS in the diagnosis and management of patients with MSUD in ...
Isa Fatima - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic evidence on the role of dietary consumption on the risk of bladder cancer in the Chinese population is limited. We investigated the role of dietary consumption and diet diversity on the risk of developing bladder cancer within a Chinese population. METHODS: A case-control study of 487 cases ...
Okada Yuko - - 2013
Purpose: This study aimed to determine if preoperative time course changes in serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels can predict clinical outcome of surgical intervention for active infective endocarditis. Methods: Surgically treated patients (n = 109) with active infective endocarditis were reviewed retrospectively. We divided the patients into 2 subgroups according ...
Teshima Hideki - - 2013
A 32-year-old female patient presented with shortness of breath. The patient had received aortic valve replacement with a 25-mm bioprosthetic valve at the age of 22, and had had two babies, postoperatively. Ten years later, echocardiography showed the calcifi ed bioprosthetic valve with a high peak pressure gradient (70 mmHg) ...
Hormann Jan - - 2013
The Cu(ii) complexes of cyclen and two of its heterosubstituted analogues were shown to be efficient oxidative DNA cleavers. The reactivity strongly depends on the heteroatom inserted into the macrocycle (O > S > N).
Schwab Inessa - - 2013
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) preparations comprise pooled IgG antibodies from the serum of thousands of donors and were initially used as an IgG replacement therapy in immunocompromised patients. Since the discovery, more than 30 years ago, that IVIG therapy can ameliorate immune thrombocytopenia, the use of IVIG preparations has been extended ...
Elsafi Salah H - - 2013
Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum are recognized as the most common protozoan infections in Saudi Arabia. Microscopic examination of stool samples, either direct or concentrated, for the recovery of G. lamblia cysts and trophozoites and C. parvum oocysts is still the most commonly used for the diagnosis of both parasites. ...
Guérillon Claire - - 2013
Inhibitor of Growth 1 (ING1) was identified and characterized as a "candidate" tumor suppressor gene in 1996. Subsequently, four more genes, also characterized as "candidate" tumor suppressor genes, were identified by homology search: ING2, ING3, ING4, and ING5. The ING proteins are characterized by a high homology in their C-terminal ...
Piegari Elena - - 2013
The increasing population of cancer survivors faces considerable morbidity and mortality due to late effects of the antineoplastic therapy. Cardiotoxicity is a major limiting factor of therapy with doxorubicin (DOXO), the most effective anthracycline, and is characterized by a dilated cardiomyopathy that can develop even years after treatment. Studies in ...
Skelton A A - - 2013
Density functional theory (DFT) calculations using the B3LYP and ωB97XD functionals and Møller-Plesset (MP2) calculations have been used to determine the energy of insertion of seven molecules (CO(2), N(2), O(2), CO, CH(4), He and H(2)O) into two sizes of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) cages, T(10) and T(12). Geometry optimization results ...
Chen Kelei - - 2013
Tissue engineering of a biological osteochondral multilayered construct with a cartilage-interface subchondral bone layer is a key challenge. This study presented a rabbit bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC)/silk fibroin scaffold-based co-culture approach to generate tissue-engineered osteochondral grafts with an interface. BMSC-seeded scaffolds were first cultured separately in osteogenic and chondrogenic ...
Galati Alexia - - 2013
We summarize findings from a study examining whether the availability of the conversational partner's spatial viewpoint influences the speaker's spatial memories, description strategies, their joint efficiency and accuracy on the task, as well as the partner's resulting spatial memories. In 18 pairs, Directors described to a misaligned Matcher arrays that ...
Santhosh M Sebastin - - 2013
Viper envenomations are characterized by prominent local and systemic manifestations including hematological alterations. Snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) and phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) plays crucial role in the pathophysiology of hemorrhage by targeting/altering the platelets function which may result in thrombocytopenia. Platelets undergo the classic events of mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway due to ...
Sugavaneshwar R P - - 2013
Generally, the length of the oxide nanowires grown by vapor phase transport is limited by the degradation of the source materials. Furthermore, the source material is used once for the nanowires growth. By exploiting the Si-Zn phase diagram, we have developed a simple methodology for the non-catalytic growth of ultralong ...
Cabezas María C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS was first reported in Ecuador in 1984 and its prevalence has been increasing ever since. In 2009, the National AIDS Program reported 21,810 HIV/AIDS cases and confirmed that the worker population was amongst the most affected groups. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge about ...
Kumar Ankur N - - 2013
With the advent of in vivo laser scanning fluorescence microscopy techniques, time-series and three-dimensional volumes of living tissue and vessels at micron scales can be acquired to firmly analyze vessel architecture and blood flow. Analysis of a large number of image stacks to extract architecture and track blood flow manually ...
Deandrea D C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Help seeking for online peer and other social support in response to depression and other mental health problems offers an electronic technology alternative to traditional mental health care. Here, with nationally representative samples of adult community residents in the USA, we study online peer support help seeking, estimate its ...
Pan Danzhen - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess hair selenium levels of liver patients suffering from hepatic simple steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in central areas of China. Selenium was measured by an atomic absorption spectrophotometer equipped with the hydride generation system. The levels of selenium in healthy individuals ranged ...
Okada Kiyoshi - - 2013
Osteoid osteoma is a relatively common benign skeletal tumor. The traditional standard treatment has been surgical resection of the nidus. Recently, computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has gained favor as a more precise alternative due to potentially less bone destruction. However, CT-guided RFA is limited in treatment for osteoid ...
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