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Results 351 - 400 of 3463
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Wang Jiang-Ping - - 2013
Morphological and functional studies have confirmed that interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are involved in many enteric motor neurotransmission pathways. Recent investigations have demonstrated that human and guinea pig prostate glands possess a distinct cell type with morphological and immunological similarities to ICCs. These prostate ICCs have a close relationship ...
Fukuda Atsushi - - 2013
In Japan, the entrance air kerma rate (EAKR) to a patient cannot exceed 50 mGy/min in conventional fluoroscopy. However, it is unclear where the EAKR should be measured. We obtained the tube potential and tube current as a function of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) thickness, and the EAKR at the interventional reference point ...
Rabiei Afsaneh - - 2013
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a high-performance polymer with advantages over metallic biomaterials for application in spinal implants. In this study, hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings were deposited onto PEEK substrates using radio-frequency magnetron sputtering for the purpose of improving bioactivity. An intermediate coating layer of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) was first deposited onto the ...
Lee Sang-Woon - - 2013
The present study was undertaken to examine the effects of cisplatin plus 4-hexylresorcinol (4-HR) combination therapy on oral mucosal melanoma (OMM) using cultured primary OMM cells in a tumour xenograft model. Cultured primary OMM cells were used for the MTT assay and DNA microarray. OMM cells were implanted into the ...
Li Guo Liang - - 2013
Functional polymer micro- and nanoparticles with novel morphology are of great importance because of their wide range of applications in complex biological systems and nanotechnology. Due to the outstanding advantage of the absence of any surfactant, precipitation polymerization as a heterogeneous polymerization technique has been developed to prepare various uniform ...
Stavrou Elissaios - - 2013
One of the fundamental open questions in condensed matter science is the origin of the unique universal characteristics of glasses. Among them, the Boson peak (BP) and the first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP) are directly related with the disordered nature of these solids. The lack of widely accepted understanding of ...
Hosseinian S R - - 2013
The mixed valence Co(II)/Co(III) tetranuclear clusters [Co(II)(2)Co(III)(2)(tea)(2)(pyr)(2)(NO(3))(4)]·2CH(3)CN (), [Co(II)(2)Co(III)(2)(μ(3)-OH)(2)(Htea)(2)(bpy)(4)](NO(3))(4) (), and [Co(II)(2)Co(III)(2)(μ(3)-OH)(2)(Htea)(2)(phen)(4)](NO(3))(4)·2CH(3)CN·2CH(3)OH () are described where tea and Htea are the fully and the doubly deprotonated form of triethanolamine, while as N-donors are pyridine, 2,2'-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline. Complexes contain the Co(II)(2)Co(III)(2)O(6) core and can be described as defective dicubanes with ...
Darracq Michael A - - 2013
Hyperinsulinemia euglycemia (HIE) and intravenous fat emulsion (IFE) may be beneficial in the treatment of calcium channel (CCB) and beta receptor (BB) antagonist toxicity. Many poison control centers (PCC) now recommend use. Healthcare providers may be unfamiliar with these treatments and may not institute them despite recommendations. We sought to ...
Campbell Sandra K - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Compared to other Australian women, Indigenous women are frequently at greater risk for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We examined pre-pregnancy factors that may predict hypertension in pregnancy in a cohort of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women in north Queensland. METHODS: Data on a cohort of 1009 Indigenous ...
Marcu Mircea I - - 2013
In 2006, Florida began a pilot program under a federal Medicaid waiver to reform its Medicaid program in Broward and Duval counties. The Children's Medical Services Network, a subcontracted health care delivery system for Florida's children with special health care needs (CSHCN) enrolled in public insurance programs, participated in Medicaid ...
Fayer Ronald - - 2013
A proof of concept study was conducted to determine if transparent double-sided adhesive tape could be used to recover and detect [by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunofluorescence microscopy (IFA)] Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts on fresh produce and on a food preparation surface. Oocysts were applied on the surface of ten ...
Morgan Stuart - - 2013
Abstract Decision tree induction is a novel approach to exploring attacker-defender interactions in many sports. In this study hockey was chosen as an example to illustrate the potential use of decision tree inductions for the purpose of identifying and communicating characteristics that drive the outcome. Elite female players performed one-versus-one ...
Manimmanakorn Apiwan - - 2013
The aim was to investigate the effects of low-load resistant training combined with vascular occlusion or normobaric hypoxic exposure, on neuromuscular function. In a randomised controlled trial, well-trained athletes took part in a 5-week training of knee flexor/extensor muscles in which low-load resistant exercise (20 % of one repetition maximum, 1-RM) ...
Meiners Frank - - 2013
Control of the cell adhesion and growth on chemically patterned surfaces is important in an increasing number of applications in biotechnology and medicine, for example implants, in-vitro cellular assays, and biochips. This review covers patterning techniques for organic thin films suitable for site-directed guidance of cell adhesion to surfaces. Available ...
Rist V T S - - 2013
In pigs, the microbial ecosystem of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is influenced by various factors; however, variations in diet composition have been identified as one of the most important determinants. Marked changes in fermentation activities and microbial ecology may occur when altering the diet, for example, from milk to solid ...
Henriques Ana - - 2013
With the discovery of Th17 cells, it became unclear whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a Th1-mediated and/or a Th17-mediated disease. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the pro-inflammatory function of IL-17-producing T cell subsets (Th(c)17) in RA. Flow cytometry analysis was performed on peripheral blood ...
Zhang Huan - - 2013
Intermittent allergic rhinitis (IAR) is a common allergic disease, which is associated with local infiltration of T cells, eosinophils, and basophils. However, changes of circulating inflammatory cells may reflect local and systemic allergic inflammation and potentially, also the response to treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs). In this study, we comprehensively profiled ...
McCaughan Dorothy - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers are a common and distressing condition that can impair quality of life. Larval therapy has been widely promoted for the treatment of different types of chronic wounds, yet little is known about its acceptability to patients. OBJECTIVES: To explore patients' experiences of venous leg ulceration and ...
Wu Yan - - 2013
Recent studies showed that mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation significantly alleviated tissue fibrosis; however, little is known about the efficacy on attenuating cutaneous scar formation. In this study, we established a dermal fibrosis model induced by bleomycin and evaluated the benefit of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) on skin ...
van Scheltinga A F Terwisscha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with lower pre-morbid intelligence (IQ) in addition to (pre-morbid) cognitive decline. Both schizophrenia and IQ are highly heritable traits. Therefore, we hypothesized that genetic variants associated with schizophrenia, including copy number variants (CNVs) and a polygenic schizophrenia (risk) score (PSS), may influence intelligence. Method IQ was ...
Valenstein Marcia - - 2013
OBJECTIVES Assertive community treatment (ACT) programs may improve patients' outcomes, in part by increasing adherence to antipsychotic medication. This study assessed the association between ACT enrollment and subsequent antipsychotic adherence. METHODS The authors identified a national sample of 763 Veterans Affairs (VA) patients with schizophrenia who were newly enrolled in ...
Wong Karrie - - 2013
PURPOSE: The brief pain inventory (BPI) is often used to assess pain and functional interference as a result of pain in cancer patients. Minor improvements or deteriorations in BPI may be statistically significant due to large sample sizes but may not necessarily be clinically relevant. The purpose of this study ...
Kline Jason - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently seen in hospitalized patients and its incidence increases with the severity of illness. Recent studies have further illuminated the interdependent relationship between AKI and chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD and proteinuria have been demonstrated to be risk factors for AKI. Moreover, the previous dogma ...
Yen Hong-Wei - - 2013
This study proposes a two-stage cultivation process with an autotrophic growth followed by a mixotrophic process. The results indicated that a two-stage cultivation process using a daily dose of 3 g/L of glucose could achieve 7.4 g/L of biomass, which was about a 64 % increase over simple autotrophic cultivation. In the second ...
Sweklej Joanna - - 2013
Recently proposed accounts of intuitive judgments of semantic coherence assume that processing fluency results in a positive affective response leading to successful assessment of semantic coherence. The present paper investigates whether processing fluency may indicate semantic incoherence as well. In two studies, we employ a new paradigm in which participants ...
Chao Dennis L - - 2013
Mathematical modeling can be a valuable tool for studying infectious disease outbreak dynamics and simulating the effects of possible interventions. Here, we describe approaches to modeling cholera outbreaks and how models have been applied to explore intervention strategies, particularly in Haiti. Mathematical models can play an important role in formulating ...
Yan Linjie - - 2013
Geminal bis(silyl) enal 2a is shown to be a useful scaffold for anion relay chemistry (ARC) aimed at the stereoselective synthesis of C(3),O(1)-disilylated allylic alcohols. The ARC reaction is initiated by the addition of an alkyllithium to the aldehyde and features a CuCN-promoted C(sp2)-to-O 1,4-silyl migration to generate a vinylcuprate ...
Schuh P - - 2013
In accidents resulting in severe injuries, a clinical forensic examination is generally abandoned in the initial phase due to high-priority clinical needs. However, in many cases, data from clinical computed tomography (CT) examinations are available. The goals of this prospective study were (a) to evaluate clinical CT data as a ...
Azuma Kentaro - - 2013
Regulatory convergence in safety reporting requirements for medical device clinical trials has not yet been achieved. The Global Harmonization Task Force (GHTF) issued new guidance, GHTF/SG5/N5, on this topic in August 2012. First, we compared current reporting requirements for drug and medical devices in Japan with the international guidelines International ...
Ruiz-Ibán Miguel A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Pectoralis major transfer is indicated for irreparable subscapularis tendon tears. One surgical option is transferring the sternal part of the pectoralis major to the humeral insertion of the subscapularis under the conjoined tendon of the coracobrachialis and biceps muscles. The purpose of this study is to define the anatomical ...
Wu Jihuai - - 2013
Here we present an ultraviolet responsive inorganic-organic hybrid solar cell based on titania/poly(3-hexylthiophene) (TiO(2)/P3HT) heterojuction. In this solar cell, TiO(2) is an ultraviolet light absorber and electronic conductor, P3HT is a hole conductor, the light-to-electrical conversion is realized by the cooperation for these two components. Doping ionic salt in P3HT ...
Carman Kursat Bora - - 2013
Elemental mercury exposure occurs frequently and is potentially a toxic, particularly in children. Children are often attracted to elemental mercury because of its color, density, and tendency to form beads. Clinical manifestations of elemental mercury intoxication vary depending on its form, concentration, route of ingestion, and the duration of exposure. ...
Ghosh Debashis - - 2013
A phenylalanine derived chiral amide is developed that serves as an effective organocatalyst for the reaction of allyltrichlorosilane with aryl, hetero-aryl and α,β-unsaturated aldehydes to afford the desired homoallylic alcohols in good yield (up to 90%) and high enantioselectivity (up to 99%). The experimental results and DFT calculations suggest that ...
Nandre R - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of a novel attenuated Salmonella Enteritidis (△lon△cpxR) vaccine candidate (JOL919), chickens were immunized through oral and intramuscular routes to reduce egg contamination against S. Enteritidis challenge. Birds were orally immunized with JOL919 on the first day of life and were subsequently boosted in the 6th and 16th ...
Antoneli Fernando - - 2013
In this paper, we revisit and adapt to viral evolution an approach based on the theory of branching process advanced by Demetrius et al. (Bull. Math. Biol. 46:239-262, 1985), in their study of polynucleotide evolution. By taking into account beneficial effects, we obtain a non-trivial multivariate generalization of their single-type ...
Ladwani Kiran D - - 2013
This study was carried out to generate data pertaining to spatial distribution of PAHs immediately after an oil spill event in a near shore environment. The physico-chemical characteristics of the sea water after the oil spill event indicated pH variation between 7.69 and 8.06, temperature varied between 27.0 and 29.5°C, ...
Terai Takuya - - 2013
Fluorescent compounds based on synthetic small molecules are powerful tools to visualize biological events in living cells and organisms. Ever since the discovery of organic fluorescent compounds in the late nineteenth century, efforts have been made to "see" the behaviors of specific biomolecules in living systems by using these dyes ...
Combres Laurent - - 2013
With respect to our psychoanalytic frame of reference allowing us to study the extent of the hypotheses concerning the religious phenomenon as formulated by Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan, in the context of a cross approach between the accuracy of the concept of conversion and of psychic mechanisms or phenomena ...
Lemaitre Guillaume - - 2013
We searched for evidence that the auditory organization of categories of sounds produced by actions includes a privileged or "basic" level of description. The sound events consisted of single objects (or substances) undergoing simple actions. Performance on sound events was measured in two ways: sounds were directly verified as belonging ...
Hoffmann U - - 2013
During non-steady-state exercise, dynamic changes in pulmonary oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) are dissociated from skeletal muscle [Formula: see text] ([Formula: see text]) by changes in lung and venous O(2) concentrations (CvO(2)), and the dynamics and distribution of cardiac output (CO) between active muscle and remaining tissues ([Formula: see text]). ...
Zhao Liqiang - - 2013
Concentrations of trace metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Hg, and As) were determined for the first time in seawater, sediment, and Manila clam from Deer Island, Liaoning Province, China. The seawater, sediment, and clam samples were collected seasonally at three clam farming sites around Deer Island during 2010-2011. The ...
Xhaard Aliénor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although recent studies have demonstrated an improvement in the prognosis of critically ill cancer patients, little is known regarding the prognosis of patients with non-aggressive underlying malignancies. The aims of this study were to assess the prognosis of critically ill patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and to evaluate ...
Kördel Werner - - 2013
Substance-related monitoring is an essential tool within environmental risk assessment processes. The soundness of policy decisions including risk management measures is often directly related to the reliability of the environmental monitoring programs. In addition, monitoring programs are required for identifying new and less-investigated pollutants of concern in different environmental media. ...
Singh Kirti - - 2013
Blindness in pregnancy can occur due to cortical infarcts, retinal vascular occlusions and retinal detachment. Purtscher's retinopathy is a rare entity causing visual loss during pregnancy and has so far been reported in association with complicated labor. We report here on a case of Purtscher's retinopathy leading to bilateral blindness ...
Capitanio U - - 2013
BACKGROUND: As the clinical effects of the available α1-adrenoceptors (ARs) blockers are usually considered comparable for treatment in patients suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to prostatic enlargement, officially recognised guidelines do not make specific recommendations regarding the choice of which agent should be considered according to the ...
Lajin Bassam - - 2013
The tetra-primer ARMS-PCR method offers significant advantages over the commonly used methods to genotype single nucleotide polymorphisms. It offers fast and cost-effective detection and requires minimum level of expertise and basic instrumentation. The benefits of TP-ARMS-PCR increase exponentially upon multiplexing. However, several complications preclude the common use of multiplex TP-ARMS-PCR ...
Takebe Miki - - 2013
The functions of MAELSTROM protein (MAEL) in spermatogenesis are gradually being identified but the precise distribution of MAEL in spermatogenic cells during spermatogenesis has not yet been mapped. We studied the expression of MAEL in rat testis by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy (IEM). Immunofluorescence staining showed that MAEL was localized in ...
Tennant Peter W G - - 2013
Studies of the association between early life infections and cancer have produced inconsistent findings, possibly due to limited adjustment for confounding and retrospective designs. This study utilised data from the Newcastle Thousand Families Study, a prospective cohort of 1,142 individuals born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1947, to assess the impact of ...
Sasikala V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cataract, the leading cause of blindness, is associated with oxidative damage and protein modification in the lens. The present study was carried out to assess the efficacy of rutin on rat-lens crystallins in selenite-induced in-vivo cataract models. METHODS: Eight-day-old Sprague-Dawley rat pups were grouped as control (G I), experimental ...
Onesti Silvia - - 2013
The CMG (Cdc45-MCM-GINS) complex is the eukaryotic replicative helicase, the enzyme that unwinds double-stranded DNA at replication forks. All three components of the CMG complex are essential for its function, but only in the case of MCM, the molecular motor that harnesses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to catalyse strand ...
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