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Results 201 - 250 of 3474
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Surman Craig B H - - 2013
While symptoms of deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) such as low frustration tolerance, temper outbursts, emotional impulsivity, and mood lability are commonly associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about their nature. The main aim of this post hoc study was to examine the correlates of DESR in ...
Raval Saurin - - 2013
The patent application WO2012082947 claims novel compounds as agonists of a plasma membrane-bound bile acid receptor TGR5. By activating TGR5, the agonists improve glycemic control and enhance energy expenditure. The basic generic claim of the patent covers pyrazole derivatives, different permutations on the core pyrazole ring are covered in the ...
Yamashita Yo-Ichi - - 2013
BACKGROUNDS: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is an aggressive surgery with considerable operative risks, but offers the only chance for cure in patients with periampullary tumors. A growing number of elderly patients are being offered PD because of the aging of populations in developed countries. We examined surgical outcomes of PD in patients ...
Lim Chetana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Abdominal drainage is routinely performed after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), but this policy has recently been challenged. The aim of the present study was to assess whether abdominal drainage could be omitted after PD in patients at low risk of pancreatic fistula (PF). METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, 27 consecutive patients ...
Purdy T P - - 2013
The quantum mechanics of position measurement of a macroscopic object is typically inaccessible because of strong coupling to the environment and classical noise. In this work, we monitor a mechanical resonator subject to an increasingly strong continuous position measurement and observe a quantum mechanical back-action force that rises in accordance ...
Golbar Hossain M - - 2013
Histopathologically, fibrosis in Fasciola-infected cattle livers was characterized by inflammatory cell infiltration such as eosinophils and macrophages, pseudo-lobule, pseudo-bile ducts and fibrotic bridges separating pseudo-lobules; the fibrotic lesions were developed in the Glisson's sheath. Pseudo-bile ducts consisting of epithelial cells reacted clearly to cytokeratin (CK) 19, indicating cholangiocyte origin. Immunophenotypes ...
Zarei Mina - - 2013
The H-NS chromosome-organizing protein in E. coli can stabilize genomic DNA loops, and form oligomeric structures connected to repression of gene expression. Motivated by the link between chromosome organization, protein binding and gene expression, we analyzed publicly available genomic data sets of various origins, from genome-wide protein binding profiles to ...
Thurtell Matthew J MJ Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2013
Patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) frequently have coexisting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We aimed to determine if the prevalence and severity of OSA is greater in patients with IIH than would be expected, given their other risk factors for OSA. We included 24 patients (20 women, four men) with ...
Silva Rodrigo - - 2013
Several studies have sought to understand the health effects of occupational exposure to cosmic radiation. However, only few biologic markers or associations with disease outcomes have so far been identified. In the present study, 22 long- and 26 medium-haul male Portuguese airline pilots and 36 factory workers who did not ...
Karihtala Peeter - - 2013
In epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) epithelial cancer cells achieve mesenchymal features, essentially helping them to metastasize. There is some evidence that EMT could be increased in triple-negative (TNBC) or basal-like breast cancers, although more precise mechanisms considering e.g. EMT-regulating transcription factors are largely unknown. We assessed immunohistochemically vimentin (separately in in ...
Choo Wai Kah - - 2013
We present a case of cardiac sarcoidosis of insidious onset mimicking arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Our patient initially presented with systemic sarcoidosis but later developed palpitations. The similarity in clinical presentation and cardiac magnetic resonance findings in both conditions posed a challenge in differentiating between the two in the absence ...
Putman S - - 2013
We report a case of a 21-year-old male with massive hypertrophic ischial tuberosity non-union. Among multiple other lesions, the patient suffered an open avulsion of the ischial tuberosity in a severe traffic accident in adolescence. A conservative treatment was decided for the avulsion. Because of sciatic pain and difficulties while ...
Wood Frances O - - 2013
There is no consensus on the best management of coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) in adults. We describe two patients with CAA and review transcatheter approaches to exclude them from the circulation. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Karlsson Oskar - - 2013
The cyanobacterial toxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is suggested to play a role in neurodegenerative disease. We have previously shown that although the selective uptake of BMAA in the rodent neonatal striatum does not cause neuronal cell death, exposure during the neonatal development leads to cognitive impairments in adult rats. The aim ...
Cherian Christina - - 2013
We examined whether the novel 6-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine thienoyl antifolate, compound 2, might be an effective treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), reflecting its selective membrane transport by the proton-coupled folate transport (PCFT) over the reduced folate carrier (RFC). HeLa sublines expressing exclusively PCFT (R1-11-PCFT4) or RFC (R1-11-RFC6) and H2452 MPM ...
Wang Hui - - 2013
Ubiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22), a novel deubiquitinating enzyme, has been associated with metastasis, therapy resistance, and cell cycle progression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression level of USP22 in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) samples and to evaluate its clinical significance in PTC patients. USP22 expression was ...
Mestre Tiago A - - 2013
5-Hydroxytryptamine 2A receptors (5-HT2A-Rs) are widely expressed in the brain and have been implicated in mood and behavior. Based on the use of atypical antipsychotics in schizophrenia, antagonism of 5-HT2A-Rs initially emerged as a potential intervention capable of reducing the incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms, while exerting an effective antipsychotic action. ...
Stavrou Elissaios - - 2013
One of the fundamental open questions in condensed matter science is the origin of the unique universal characteristics of glasses. Among them, the Boson peak (BP) and the first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP) are directly related with the disordered nature of these solids. The lack of widely accepted understanding of ...
Hosseinian S R - - 2013
The mixed valence Co(II)/Co(III) tetranuclear clusters [Co(II)(2)Co(III)(2)(tea)(2)(pyr)(2)(NO(3))(4)]·2CH(3)CN (), [Co(II)(2)Co(III)(2)(μ(3)-OH)(2)(Htea)(2)(bpy)(4)](NO(3))(4) (), and [Co(II)(2)Co(III)(2)(μ(3)-OH)(2)(Htea)(2)(phen)(4)](NO(3))(4)·2CH(3)CN·2CH(3)OH () are described where tea and Htea are the fully and the doubly deprotonated form of triethanolamine, while as N-donors are pyridine, 2,2'-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline. Complexes contain the Co(II)(2)Co(III)(2)O(6) core and can be described as defective dicubanes with ...
Campbell Sandra K - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Compared to other Australian women, Indigenous women are frequently at greater risk for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We examined pre-pregnancy factors that may predict hypertension in pregnancy in a cohort of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women in north Queensland. METHODS: Data on a cohort of 1009 Indigenous ...
Marcu Mircea I - - 2013
In 2006, Florida began a pilot program under a federal Medicaid waiver to reform its Medicaid program in Broward and Duval counties. The Children's Medical Services Network, a subcontracted health care delivery system for Florida's children with special health care needs (CSHCN) enrolled in public insurance programs, participated in Medicaid ...
Bruin J A N - - 2013
Many exotic compounds, such as cuprate superconductors and heavy fermion materials, exhibit a linear in temperature (T) resistivity, the origin of which is not well understood. We found that the resistivity of the quantum critical metal Sr(3)Ru(2)O(7) is also T-linear at the critical magnetic field of 7.9 T. Using the ...
Yafune Atsunori - - 2013
Some hepatocarcinogens induce cytomegaly, which reflects aberrant cell cycling and increased ploidy, from the early stages of administration to animals. To clarify the regulatory molecular mechanisms behind cell cycle aberrations related to the early stages of hepatocarcinogenesis, we performed gene expression analysis using microarrays and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain ...
Cramer J A JA - - 2013
In the absence of head-to-head trials, it is not feasible to make direct comparisons of antiepileptic therapies for the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). We conducted indirect comparisons of the relative efficacies of clobazam, felbamate, lamotrigine, topiramate, and rufinamide as adjunctive treatments for LGS. Clinical studies of LGS patients were ...
Boissière Louis L Unité chirurgie rachis1, Université Bordeaux CHU, 33076, Bordeaux, France. - - 2013
Sagittal malalignment is frequently observed in adult scoliosis. C7 plumb line, lumbar lordosis and pelvic tilt are the main factors to evaluate sagittal balance and the need of a vertebral osteotomy to correct it. We described a ratio: the lumbar lordosis index (ratio lumbar lordosis/pelvic incidence) (LLI) and analyzed its ...
Gu Jing - - 2013
Although methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is an important means of HIV control, MMT clinics commonly have high attrition rates. The randomized controlled trial investigated the relative efficacy of adding a psycho-social intervention to the standard-of-care MMT in reducing attrition and non-attendance among first-time newly admitted MMT users in China (n = 288). ...
Zarzavadjian Le Bian Alban - - 2013
Diaphragmatic rupture is usually an immediate, left-sided complication of high-velocity thoraco-abdominal trauma. Here we present a rare case of delayed, right-sided diaphragmatic rupture and its laparoscopic mesh repair.
Heneberg Petr - - 2013
Fasciola jacksoni (Cobbold, 1869) is a highly prevalent (18-62 %) species colonizing the liver (less frequently the lungs, kidneys, pericardia, and intestines) of Elephas maximus indicus and Elephas maximus maximus in the Indomalayan region, causing cirrhosis, hemorrhages, and connective tissue proliferation. The phylogenetic relationships of Fasciola jacksoni in relation to representative ...
Gamucci T - - 2013
Recurrences and deaths are known to occur, even if less frequently, in small, node-negative breast cancer patients, and decision on adjuvant treatments remains controversial. In the present analysis, we evaluate recurrence risk in patients with pT1 a, b, c, node-negative, breast cancer, accordingly with some prognostic biological factors. We retrospectively ...
Nugraheni Ari Dwi - - 2013
We have previously shown that methionine-heme iron coordination is perturbed in domain-swapped dimeric horse cytochrome c. To gain insight into the effect of methionine dissociation in dimeric cytochrome c, we investigated its interaction with cyanide ion. We found that the Soret and Q bands of oxidized dimeric cytochrome c at 406.5 and 529 nm redshift ...
Wong Carolyn F - - 2013
African American young men who have sex with men (AAYMSM) from the House and Ball communities are at high risk for HIV infection. Because these communities are not only sources of risk but also support for AAYMSM, researchers must also consider the resources these communities possess. This knowledge will assist ...
Callahan S Todd ST Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Health, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. - - 2013
To assess the safety of psychotropic medication use in children and adolescents, it is critical to be able to identify suicidal behaviors from medical claims data and distinguish them from other injuries. The purpose of this study was to develop an algorithm using administrative claims data to identify medically treated ...
Zhao Liqiang - - 2013
Concentrations of trace metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Hg, and As) were determined for the first time in seawater, sediment, and Manila clam from Deer Island, Liaoning Province, China. The seawater, sediment, and clam samples were collected seasonally at three clam farming sites around Deer Island during 2010-2011. The ...
Xhaard Aliénor - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although recent studies have demonstrated an improvement in the prognosis of critically ill cancer patients, little is known regarding the prognosis of patients with non-aggressive underlying malignancies. The aims of this study were to assess the prognosis of critically ill patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and to evaluate ...
Kördel Werner - - 2013
Substance-related monitoring is an essential tool within environmental risk assessment processes. The soundness of policy decisions including risk management measures is often directly related to the reliability of the environmental monitoring programs. In addition, monitoring programs are required for identifying new and less-investigated pollutants of concern in different environmental media. ...
Singh Kirti - - 2013
Blindness in pregnancy can occur due to cortical infarcts, retinal vascular occlusions and retinal detachment. Purtscher's retinopathy is a rare entity causing visual loss during pregnancy and has so far been reported in association with complicated labor. We report here on a case of Purtscher's retinopathy leading to bilateral blindness ...
Capitanio U - - 2013
BACKGROUND: As the clinical effects of the available α1-adrenoceptors (ARs) blockers are usually considered comparable for treatment in patients suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to prostatic enlargement, officially recognised guidelines do not make specific recommendations regarding the choice of which agent should be considered according to the ...
Lajin Bassam - - 2013
The tetra-primer ARMS-PCR method offers significant advantages over the commonly used methods to genotype single nucleotide polymorphisms. It offers fast and cost-effective detection and requires minimum level of expertise and basic instrumentation. The benefits of TP-ARMS-PCR increase exponentially upon multiplexing. However, several complications preclude the common use of multiplex TP-ARMS-PCR ...
Takebe Miki - - 2013
The functions of MAELSTROM protein (MAEL) in spermatogenesis are gradually being identified but the precise distribution of MAEL in spermatogenic cells during spermatogenesis has not yet been mapped. We studied the expression of MAEL in rat testis by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy (IEM). Immunofluorescence staining showed that MAEL was localized in ...
Sugavaneshwar R P - - 2013
Generally, the length of the oxide nanowires grown by vapor phase transport is limited by the degradation of the source materials. Furthermore, the source material is used once for the nanowires growth. By exploiting the Si-Zn phase diagram, we have developed a simple methodology for the non-catalytic growth of ultralong ...
Cabezas María C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS was first reported in Ecuador in 1984 and its prevalence has been increasing ever since. In 2009, the National AIDS Program reported 21,810 HIV/AIDS cases and confirmed that the worker population was amongst the most affected groups. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge about ...
Kumar Ankur N AN Department of Electrical Engineering, 367 Jacobs Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37212, - - 2013
With the advent of in vivo laser scanning fluorescence microscopy techniques, time-series and three-dimensional volumes of living tissue and vessels at micron scales can be acquired to firmly analyze vessel architecture and blood flow. Analysis of a large number of image stacks to extract architecture and track blood flow manually ...
Deandrea D C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Help seeking for online peer and other social support in response to depression and other mental health problems offers an electronic technology alternative to traditional mental health care. Here, with nationally representative samples of adult community residents in the USA, we study online peer support help seeking, estimate its ...
Pan Danzhen - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess hair selenium levels of liver patients suffering from hepatic simple steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in central areas of China. Selenium was measured by an atomic absorption spectrophotometer equipped with the hydride generation system. The levels of selenium in healthy individuals ranged ...
Okada Kiyoshi - - 2013
Osteoid osteoma is a relatively common benign skeletal tumor. The traditional standard treatment has been surgical resection of the nidus. Recently, computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has gained favor as a more precise alternative due to potentially less bone destruction. However, CT-guided RFA is limited in treatment for osteoid ...
Hong Eunsoo - - 2013
Microbial fermentation under anaerobic and microaerobic conditions has been used for the production of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD), a monomer used to produce polymers such as polytrimethylene terephthalate. In this study, we screened microorganisms using the high throughput screening method and isolated the Klebsiella pneumoniae AJ4 strain, which is able to produce ...
Howard Stephen A - - 2013
Within the adult population living with congenital heart defects, approximately 20 % have an atrial septal defect, which suggests that only 0.4-0.05 % of the entire adult population has an atrial septal defect (ASD). In patients with a left to right atrial shunt, treatments may include closure of the defect ...
van Elk Michiel - - 2013
Spatial perspective taking is a crucial social skill that underlies many of our everyday interactions. Previous studies have suggested that spatial perspective taking is an embodied process that involves the integration of both motor and proprioceptive information. Given the importance of vestibular signals for own-body perception, mental own-body imagery, and ...
Frank B - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Paracetamol is frequently prescribed for pain and fever control in acute stroke patients, but its effect on stroke outcome is unclear. The aim was to investigate the safety and benefit of paracetamol administration in the acute phase of ischaemic stroke. METHODS: We analysed the impact of paracetamol exposure on ...
Sheikh Emran S - - 2013
Non healing wounds present a significant social and economic burden. Chronic non healing wounds are estimated to affect as many as 1-2% of individuals during their lifetime, and account for billions of dollars of expense annually on both a national and global basis. Our purpose is to describe the use ...
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