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Shi Jun Bao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To investigate the prevalence of arteriosclerosis obliterans in lower extremity and its influence factors in diabetic patients on peritoneal dialysis. Method: In this single center cross-sectional study, 74 with diabetic patients on peritoneal dialysis were recruited. The general information, dialysis program, laboratory examination and dialysis adequacy test results were recorded.Their ...
Yu Guang Yan - - 2013
The current international standard for toxicity screening of biomedical devices and materials recommend the use of immortalized cell lines because of their homogeneous morphologies and infinite proliferation which provide good reproducibility for in vitro cytotoxicity screening. However, most of the widely used immortalized cell lines are derived from animals and ...
Zhu Lin Zhong - - 2013
To detect the acting pattern of different high concentrations of cell cycle nonspecific agents (CCNSA), epirubicin, oxaliplatin, cisplatin and fotemustine, acting with HepG-2 and 7702 cell lines respectively for different times; and to explore whether there are concentration and time dependent phenomena for each agent and relations between these two ...
Song Yang - - 2013
To establish a method to evaluate dental model three-dimensional scanner quantitatively, and to evaluate the accuracy which is a core indicator of 3Shape D700 scanner. A standard geometric model similar to the dental arch was designed by three-dimensional reverse software and processed by high precision CNC (computer numerical control) processing ...
Zhao Hong - - 2013
To evaluate the non-inferiority of lornoxicam to fentanyl in patient-controlled intravenous analgesia after hysterectomy. In this prospective randomized controlled study, 117 patients who suffered from moderate to severe pain i.e. pain visual analogue scale (VAS) ≥4 after hysterectomy were allocated to receive lornoxicam (Group L) or fentanyl (Group F) for ...
Kozuma Ken - - 2013
Aims: The aim of the study was to clarify the angiographic characteristics of stent thrombosis (ST) in relation to sirolimus-eluting stents (SES).Methods and results: RESTART is a Japanese registry of SES-associated ST. As an angiographic substudy, coronary angiograms at baseline, at six to 12 months and at the time of ...
Li Yang - - 2013
To evaluate subjective outcomes after modified maxillomandibular advancement(MMMA) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). In the study, 15 patients underwent MMMA for the treatment of OSAHS and received presurgical and postsurgical polysomnography. A questionnaire was done pre- and postoperatively. The questionnaire included the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), ...
Feng Guang Yao - - 2013
To compare the angular changes in the developing mandibular third molars in the mandibular second premolar extraction and non-extraction cases and to determine whether the mandibular second premolar extraction causes favorable rotational changes in the angulations of the developing mandibular third molars and benefits its later eruption. Pretreatment and posttreatment ...
Feng Chao Hua - - 2013
To clinically evaluate the effectiveness of icon infiltration resin on masking post-orthodontic white spots. Eight post-orthodontic patients with 6 maxillary anterior teeth showing signs of decalcification (total 48 teeth) were enrolled in this study. All teeth were treated with icon resin infiltration according to manufacturer's recommendation. Standardized digital photographs were ...
Duan Hong Zhou - - 2013
To explore the effect of superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery(STA-MCA) bypass in treatment of cerebrovascular disease. Fifty-two patients with atherosclerotic carotid artery occlusion or middle cerebral artery occlusion or moyamoya disease were included in this study. There were both clinical ischemic manifestation and hemodynamic dysfunction detected by perfusion ...
Jordan Kerry - - 2013
Today's health care landscape requires expert nursing care for clients with dementia. Unfortunately, most nursing students dislike providing dementia care. Lack of students' self-efficacy may account for some of the negativity surrounding dementia care, and learning activities to increase self-efficacy may be one means for increasing positive feelings. The purpose ...
Akdeniz Cansu - - 2013
Aims: In the acute coronary syndrome setting, the interaction between epicardial coronary artery stenosis and microcirculation subtended by the culprit vessel is poorly understood. The purpose of the present study was to assess the immediate impact of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on microvascular resistance (MR) in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial ...
Liu Xiang Hui - - 2013
To assess the masticatory efficiency and patient' satisfaction in long-centric occlusal pattern complete denture wearers. The anatomic occlusal pattern and long-centric occlusal pattern complete dentures were made for each of 10 edentulous patients with severe alveolar rigde absorption simultaneously using the technique of interchangeable artificial teeth. The order of delivery ...
Zhang Sun - - 2013
To investigate the children's perception and response to Er:YAG laser application in cavity preparation of caries in the primary teeth and young permanent teeth. Children aged 3-15 years old who had two teeth with caries of equivalent degree were selected. One tooth was prepared by mechanical means and the other ...
Cao Jie - - 2013
To develop a novel method for obtaining the clear visualization of the gingival profile by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) that consistently allows the measurements of gingival thickness and use it to explore the relationship between the gingival thickness and gingival biotype, and the gingival thickness and underlying alveolar bone thickness ...
Shelton Rhidian - - 2013
Aims: Within a clinical trial population, direct thrombin inhibition using bivalirudin in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with a reduction in mortality and major bleeding compared to heparin/glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibition (GPI), but a higher incidence of acute stent thrombosis (ST), ...
Zhang Hao - - 2013
To establish the relationship of the gingival crest, the gingival curve characteristic point (inflection point, IP) and the contact points and to use it as reference to design the location of contact area in anterior teeth restoration to form the natural papillae. Two-dimensional gingival curve morphology analysis based on standardized ...
Liu Wei Tao - - 2013
To investigate the benefits of repetitive rapid palatal expansions/constrictions therapy using double hinged expander over rapid palatal expansion alone with Hyrax expander in maxillary protractions cases and to discuss the indications of the combination therapy. Thirty four children with retrognathic maxilla were selected and randomly divided into two treatment groups. ...
Guo Zhi Min - - 2013
To compare the following color-difference equations: CMC, DE2000, CAM02-LCD, CAM02-SCD, CAM020-UCS, and to search for the most appropriate one to evaluate denture base resin. Thirty-five denture based resin pieces which were aging during different time were measured using SP62 spectrophotometer and the color-difference was calculated using the above equations. PF/3, ...
Spilt Jantine L - - 2013
This study examined subgroup differences in the effectiveness of a universal classroom-based preventive intervention. The Good Behavior Game (GBG) was delivered in Grade 1 and 2 in a randomized controlled trial including 759 students. Changes in externalizing and internalizing problems were modeled from Kindergarten through Grade 2. Unlike previous research, ...
Sunbul M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Paradoxical embolization through the patent foramen ovale (PFO) is the major cause of most cryptogenic stroke cases. However, the presence of PFO may simply be an incidental finding in these patients, and endothelial dysfunction may be the underlying reason of ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to ...
Coyle V J - - 2013
The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe the biological behaviour of canine mandibular osteosarcoma (OSA) and to examine factors for their impact on metastasis-free interval (MFI) and survival time (ST). Records from dogs treated with mandibulectomy for OSA (1999-2007) were reviewed. Archived tumour samples were evaluated for mitotic ...
Ogden Ruth S - - 2013
Previous research suggests that feelings of fear, dislike, shame and sadness affect our perception of duration (Droit-Volet et al., 2004; Gil et al., 2009). The current study sought to expand our understanding of the variables which moderate temporal perception by examining whether the attractiveness of a face influenced its perceived ...
Alves Cresio - - 2013
Abstract Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia (PHP Ia) is a rare disease characterized by an elevated parathyroid hormone due to the resistance to its action in target tissues. We report a new GNAS mutation causing PHP Ia and an atypical early-onset primary hypothyroidism. A 3-year-old boy was diagnosed with obesity, delayed pyschomotor ...
Anwar-Mohamed Anwar - - 2013
Abstract 1. Arsenic (As(III)) toxicity has received increasing attention as human exposure to arsenic is associated with pulmonary, hepatic and renal toxicities. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effect of acute As(III) treatment on pulmonary, hepatic and renal cytochrome (CYP) P450-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism. 2. Our results demonstrated that acute ...
Kühn Tilman - - 2013
Recent meta-analyses have confirmed that fish consumption is related to decreased risks of ischaemic stroke and fatal CHD, while there seem to be no clear associations between fish consumption and the risks of haemorrhagic stroke and non-fatal CHD. As no studies in German populations have been reported to date, we ...
García-Pérez Miguel A - - 2013
Parallel tests are needed so that alternate forms can be applied to different groups or on different occasions, but also in the context of split-half reliability estimation for a given test. Statistically, parallelism holds beyond reasonable doubt when the null hypotheses of equality of observed means and variances across the ...
McIntosh John A - - 2013
We report 12 cyanobactin cyclic peptides, the aestuaramides, from the cultivated cyanobacterium Lyngbya aestuarii. We show that aestuaramides are synthesized enzymatically as reverse O-prenylated tyrosine ethers that subsequently undergo a Claisen rearrangement to produce forward C-prenylated tyrosine. These results reveal that a non-enzymatic Claisen rearrangement dictates isoprene regiochemistry in a ...
Tarasova Nadezhda - - 2013
A new type of plant-derived signal molecules that activate extracellular pectate lyase activity in phytopathogenic bacterium Pectobacterium atrosepticum SCRI1043 was revealed. These compounds were characterized and partially purified by means of several approaches including RT-PCR analysis, luminescence bioassay and HPLC fractionation. They were smaller than 1 kDa, thermoresistant, nonproteinaceous, hydrophilic, and ...
Zhou Li-Jun - - 2013
The objective of this study was to screen the occurrence of 50 antibiotics in a typical swine farm in southern China, which includes animal feeds, waste collection and treatment systems (lagoons and anaerobic digesters), and receiving environments (vegetable fields, streams, and private wells). Nine antibiotics were found in the feeds ...
Saxena Anita - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine outcome of children receiving carvedilol in addition to other standard drug therapy for treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Children receiving carvedilol for treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy with moderate to severe ventricular dysfunction were included into the study. Data on history, clinical examination and investigations were obtained and ...
Lucas-Herald Angela - - 2013
Abstract Hyperthyrotropinaemia [mildly elevated thyrotropin (TSH) with normal thyroxine (T4) levels] demands a full assessment, including clinical examination, thyroid imaging and, where indicated, molecular genetic investigations. A male infant, both of whose parents were on T4 treatment, was referred at age 57 days with mild but persistent TSH elevation (12.7 mU/L) and ...
Cheng Yeung-Leung - - 2013
Purpose: The Nuss procedure is a minimally invasive method for the correction of pectus excavatum (PE). Pleural effusion complicating following the Nuss procedure was uncommon but may be critical. We evaluated the risk factors of postoperative pleural effusion after Nuss repair. Methods: We included all patients with PE primarily corrected ...
Ibrahim Ahmed K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Many university students experience some symptoms of depression during the course of their studies but there is evidence that students from less advantaged backgrounds may be more vulnerable. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional online survey of 923 undergraduate students attending 6 UK Universities in the academic year 2009-2010 ...
Hagenlocher Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MC) are main effector cells of allergic and other inflammatory reactions; however, only a few anti-MC agents are available for therapy. It has been reported that cinnamon extract (CE) attenuates allergic symptoms by affecting immune cells; however, its influence on MC was not studied so far. Here, ...
Hu Jian-Li - - 2013
Induction of HO-1 protein can have both beneficial and detrimental effects for cells, including regulating proliferation and apoptosis of several tumors. We have investigated the regulation of HO-1, p38MAPK and mTOR in the context of proliferation, cell cycle events and apoptosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells. Real-time PCR and ...
Wilson-Robles H M - - 2013
Tumour-initiating cells (TICs) have been identified in many solid human tumours, including malignant melanoma. In this study, an enriched TIC population was identified in two canine malignant melanoma cell lines (CML1 and CML6M) using cell surface markers and functional assays, including the sphere forming assay, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) assay, reverse ...
Leunig Michael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach for THA allows implantation through an internervous plane without muscle detachment from bone. However, the classic longitudinal skin incision does not follow the anatomic skin creases and can result in scar widening. We therefore modified our incision technique to a short oblique skin incision following ...
Yamana Ippei - - 2013
Purpose: Reconstruction with free jejunal graft (FJG) has been widely accepted for patients undergone pharyngo-cervical esophageal resection. Those patients often suffer variety of complications regarding postoperative peros function. We investigated risk factors especially focused on the development of dysphagia after FJG reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted using clinical ...
Sy Charlotte - - 2013
Newly identified spore-forming pigmented marine bacteria, Bacillus indicus HU36 and Bacillus firmus GB1, are sources of carotenoids (mainly 15 yellow and orange pigments and 13 pink pigments, respectively) with original structures. These bacterial carotenoids were evaluated for their ability to inhibit the iron-induced peroxidation of linoleic acid micelles, or sunflower ...
Oesterle Sabrina - - 2013
Communities That Care (CTC) is a universal, science-based community prevention system designed to reduce risk, enhance protection, and prevent adolescent health and behavior problems community wide. CTC has been found to have sustained effects on cigarette use and delinquent and violent behaviors in grade 10 in a panel of 4,407 ...
Spitters Tim W G M - - 2013
In cartilage tissue engineering bioreactors can create a controlled environment to study chondrocyte behavior under mechanical stimulation or produce chondrogenic grafts of clinically relevant size. Here we present a novel bioreactor, which combines mechanical stimulation with a two compartment system through which nutrients can be supplied solely by diffusion from ...
Schwiedrzik J J - - 2013
Nonlinear computational analysis of materials showing elasto-plasticity or damage relies on knowledge of their yield behavior and strengths under complex stress states. In this work, a generalized anisotropic quadric yield criterion is proposed that is homogeneous of degree one and takes a convex quadric shape with a smooth transition from ...
Rodriguez Mosquera Patricia M - - 2013
We studied the relationship between perceived social image and life satisfaction in four different cultural groups. One-hundred nine Indian (63 females, 46 males), 67 Pakistani/Bangladeshi (36 females, 31 males), 76 White British (43 females, 33 males), and 94 European Americans (43 females, 48 males) completed measures on the cultural importance of ...
Kang Suk - - 2013
Bifocal disruption of the knee extensor mechanism is a rare injury. Bifocal proximal and distal avulsion fracture of the patella tendon is extremely rare in adults. Here, the authors report the case of an 84-year-old male patient who developed simultaneous avulsion fracture of the patella tendon from the inferior pole ...
Saikia Nabanita - - 2013
The potential biomedical application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) pertinent to drug delivery is highly manifested considering the remarkable electronic and structural properties exhibited by CNT. To simulate the interaction of nanomaterials with biomolecular systems, we have performed density functional calculations on the interaction of pyrazinamide (PZA) drug with functionalized single-wall ...
Asayama S - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To explore the possibility of a generally applicable tool for the immediate diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) in its early stage, we compared the sensitivity and specificity of an acute levodopa challenge test with that of (123) I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of 45 ...
Ambre Avinash H - - 2013
In this work, novel modified nanoclays were used to mineralize hydroxyapatite (HAP) mimicking biomineralization in bone. This in situ HAPclay was further incorporated into chitosan/polygalacturonic acid (Chi/PgA) scaffolds and films for bone tissue engineering. Differences in microstructure of the scaffolds were observed depending on the changes in processing of in ...
Saito Yu - - 2013
PURPOSE: The function of regulatory T cells (Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells: T(reg)) after surgery remains unspecified. We investigated the potential role of T(reg) as a new stress marker for various operations. METHODS: Thirty-three patients who underwent various operations at our department were divided into the following three groups based on the ...
Schmid Silvan - - 2013
Nanomechanical resonators have an unprecedented mass sensitivity sufficient to detect single molecules, viruses or nanoparticles. The challenge with nanomechanical mass sensors is the direction of nano-sized samples onto the resonator. In this work we present an efficient inertial sampling technique and gravimetric detection of airborne nanoparticles with a nanomechanical resonant ...
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