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Kaplan S A - - 2013
Background:  The complex relationship between bladder and bowel function has implications for treating pelvic disorders. In this systematic review, we discuss the relationship between bladder and bowel function and its implications for managing coexisting constipation and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. Methods:  Multiple PubMed searches of articles published in English from ...
Han Kyunghee - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine whether gender differences on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2; Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989) and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A; Butcher et al., 1992) items are comparable across 2 distinctive cultural samples: Americans and Koreans. Using large, representative adult and ...
Toney Lauren K - - 2013
Although the synthesis of ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan result and clinical pretest probability is vital to the diagnostic accuracy of V/Q scanning, there is no updated pretest/posttest tabular decision tool since that presented in the Prospective Investigation of Pulmonary Embolism Diagnosis I data. Because this verbal communication between the nuclear medicine ...
McGraw Elizabeth A - - 2013
Vector-borne disease is one of the greatest contributors to human mortality and morbidity throughout the tropics. Mosquito-transmitted diseases such as malaria, dengue, yellow fever and filariasis are the main contributors to this burden. Although insecticides have historically been used to try to control vector populations, over the past 15 years, ...
Banitt Michael R MR Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33136, USA. - - 2013
We determined the time lag between loss of retinal ganglion cell function and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness. Glaucoma suspects were followed for at least four years. Patients underwent pattern electroretinography (PERG), optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the RNFL, and standard automated perimetry testing at 6-month intervals. Comparisons were ...
Goldspiel Justin T - - 2013
The 24-hour stability of alemtuzumab solutions prepared at concentrations not included in the product label and stored in glass or polyolefin containers at room temperature was evaluated. Triplicate solutions of alemtuzumab (6.67, 40, and 120 μg/mL) in 0.9% sodium chloride were prepared in either glass bottles or polyolefin containers and ...
Ince Icten E - - 2013
: Short hemato-oncologic procedures are often painful in children, and sedation should be performed outside the operating room. : The study aims to compare the effects of remifentanil with those of fentanyl administered during short hemato-oncologic interventions in children. : A prospective, randomized study was planned for 29 ASA I ...
Winter Anke C AC Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Mass, - - 2013
The prevalence of vascular risk factors, cardiovascular disease, and restless legs syndrome increases with age. Prior studies analyzing the associations between vascular risk factors, cardiovascular disease, and restless legs syndrome found controversial results. We therefore aim to evaluate the associations between prevalent vascular risk factors, prevalent cardiovascular disease, and restless ...
Broder Claudia - - 2013
The metalloproteases meprin α and meprin β exhibit structural and functional features that are unique among all extracellular proteases. Although meprins were discovered more than 30 years ago, their precise substrates and physiological roles have been elusive. Both enzymes were originally found to be highly expressed in kidney and intestine, ...
Errera Marie-Hélène - - 2013
Pregnancy-associated retinal diseases are conditions that may occur uniquely in pregnancy or, more commonly, general conditions that may worsen or alter during pregnancy as a result of hematologic, hormonal, metabolic, cardiovascular, and immunologic changes. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is by far the most common retinal condition that is altered by pregnancy. ...
Zhang Yang Y Division of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin (UW)- Madison, 53705, - - 2013
The stability of two rituximab preparations stored in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bags at 4 °C for up to 14 days was investigated. Two types of test samples were prepared: (1) 10 mL of rituximab solution (10 mg/mL) drawn directly from the original manufacturer's vial and injected into sterile glass vials ...
Vinten-Johansen Jakob - - 2013
The treatment of reperfusion injury requires measures beyond timely reperfusion. Conventional postconditioning (PostC) of ischemic tissues offers a strategy to reduce reperfusion injury, but its adoption is challenged by requiring access and imposing additional ischemia to the ischemic organ. Generating protective signals by PostC in a tissue remote from the ...
Cook Lisa M - - 2013
: To examine the ability of working direct care nurses to trust nurses in recovery from substance use (or abuse) disorders (SUDs) reentering the workplace. : A researcher-designed quantitative survey was used to gather data. : Nurses said that they've worked with a nurse with SUD at some time in ...
Karaiskos D - - 2013
The present study compared the efficacy of agomelatine and sertraline in the treatment of symptoms of depression/anxiety, diabetes self-care and metabolic control in a sample of depressed patients with non-optimally controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). This was an observational open label study of 40 depressed patients with DM who ...
Bramley Kyle - - 2013
Intra-abdominal fluid may migrate readily into the pleural space through naturally occurring holes in the diaphragm or intradiaphragmatic lymphatics. Although any type of fluid in the abdomen may migrate, additional pathologic mechanisms are involved in the development of chylous ascites/chylothorax, yellow nail syndrome, urinothorax, pancreaticopleural fistulas, or other connections. In ...
Grebe Alena A Institute of Innate Immunity, University Hospitals Bonn, Bonn, Germany. - - 2013
Chronic vascular inflammation is regarded as a crucial aspect of cardiovascular disease. However, the elicitors of this inflammatory response in the vessel wall are currently not well understood. Excessive amounts of cholesterol, an abundant and fundamental lipid molecule in mammalian cells, can initiate the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Accumulation ...
de Ridder D - - 2013
Aim:  This Belgian epidemiological study aimed to assess the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and associated bother in a female primary care population. Methods:  Data on OAB and SUI were prospectively collected among women ≥ 40 years by general practitioners (GP) during a regular visit for any ...
Benedik Emil - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate the validity of the Rorschach Perceptual Thinking Index (PTI) to detect psychotic perceptual and thought disturbance in a sample of Slovene psychiatric inpatients. Using a sample of 275 adult psychiatric inpatients of both sexes, we examined the differences between patients with psychosis ...
Kang Jae H JH Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
To evaluate prediagnostic markers of endothelial dysfunction and inflammatory processes in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Blood samples were collected from 1989 to 1990 in the nurses' health study (women) and from 1993 to 1995 in the health professionals follow-up study (men), and medical-record confirmed incident poag cases were identified (women: ...
Harris Alon - - 2013
To discuss the role of mathematical modeling in studying ocular hemodynamics, with a focus on glaucoma. We reviewed recent literature on glaucoma, ocular blood flow, autoregulation, the optic nerve head, and the use of mathematical modeling in ocular circulation. Many studies suggest that alterations in ocular hemodynamics play a significant ...
Molina Blanca - - 2013
Isolated central nervous system (CNS) relapse in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) rarely occurs later than 2 years after remission. We present a child diagnosed with AML (FAB M5) without CNS involvement at diagnosis who was treated with chemotherapy and consolidated with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. He was in complete ...
Erb Christopher T - - 2013
Primary pleural tumors other than mesothelioma account for fewer than 1% of all lung cancers, and consequently they pose diagnostic and management challenges. Their treatment must be targeted toward the specific tumor type and is often quite different from the treatment for mesothelioma or metastases. Despite the best efforts at ...
Dias J - - 2013
We explored regional variations in the surgical management of patients with Dupuytren's contracture (DC) in 12 European countries using a surgeon survey and patient chart review. Twelve countries participated: Denmark, Finland, Sweden (Nordic region); Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland (East); France, Germany, the Netherlands, UK (West); Italy, Spain (Mediterranean). For the ...
Karmon Sharon L - - 2013
The integrase enzyme facilitates the incorporation of HIV-1 proviral DNA into the host cell genome and catalyses a function vital to viral replication. Inhibitors of this enzyme represent the newest class of antiretroviral drugs in our armamentarium to treat HIV-1 infection. Raltegravir, an integrase strand transfer inhibitor, was the first ...
Akulian Jason - - 2013
Pleural disease is commonly encountered by the chest physician. Evaluation of pleural disease typically begins with thoracentesis and pleural fluid analysis. With improvements in minimally invasive procedures, imaging, and the use of pleural manometry, a more complete understanding of lung, pleural, and chest wall physiology is possible. The improved knowledge ...
Gralnek Ian M - - 2013
Although colonoscopy is the criterion standard for detecting colorectal adenomas and cancers, a significant percentage of adenomas are missed. To compare forward-viewing with ultrawide-viewing colonoscopy in the detection of simulated colon polyps in an in vitro colon model. Prospective, multicenter. Six endoscopy units (3 in the United States and 3 ...
Conti Alberto - - 2013
: Prognostication beyond troponin levels in patients with acute atrial fibrillation (AF) is still unclear. : One-month and 1-year outcomes in 1091 patients with acute AF were analyzed. Primary endpoints were stroke or the composite of acute coronary syndrome, revascularization, and death. : In the short term, troponin (odds ratio ...
- - 2013
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether the addition of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to antibiotics is of benefit to patients with uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI). A total of 80 papers was found using the reported search, of which four represented the best evidence to answer ...
Gupta Santosh Kumar - - 2013
The aim of this work was to calculate the radiation absorbed dose to kidneys, liver, spleen, pituitary gland, and neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of patients treated with (177)Lu-DOTATATE. We enrolled 61 patients (male/female patients, 40/21) with mean age of 48.1 ± 15.3 years affected by different types of NETs diagnosed with ...
Zhu Yu-Lin - - 2013
A total of 123 Shigella isolates were collected from SiXian area in Anhui, China. Screening was carried out by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants. Different β-blactamases genes, plasmid-borne bla(AmpC), 16S rRNA methylase genes, integrons, and mutations in quinolone resistance-determining regions were analysed by PCR ...
Morris Rachel L RL Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, 6180 Biomedical Physical Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, - - 2013
Competition for molecular oxygen (O(2)) among respiratory microorganisms is intense because O(2) is a potent electron acceptor. This competition leads to the formation of microoxic environments wherever microorganisms congregate in aquatic, terrestrial and host-associated communities. Bacteria can harvest O(2) present at low, even nanomolar, concentrations using high-affinity terminal oxidases. Here, ...
Zhang Wenjie - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Earlier studies indicate that abnormal liver and spleen uptake on bone scan has been observed in association with intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA contrast for MRI. All of these patients, however, received Gd-DTPA injection prior to Tc MDP administration. We report herein 3 patients with hepatic and splenic uptake on ...
Rabah Ali - - 2013
: To study the reperfusion strategies currently being used in the treatment of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) at an academic medical center in a developing country and to analyze the door-to-balloon time (DBT) in those patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). : The study included all patients presenting with ...
Dahlin L B - - 2013
We explored the management of Dupuytren's disease (DD) using a surgeon survey and patient chart review. Twelve countries participated: Denmark, Finland, Sweden (Nordic region); Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland (East); France, Germany, the Netherlands, United Kingdom (West); Italy, Spain (Mediterranean). A random sample of orthopaedic/plastic surgeons (N = 687) with 3-30 years' experience was ...
Sumbria Rachita K RK Department of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90024, - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α is a proinflammatory cytokine active in the brain. Etanercept, the TNF decoy receptor (TNFR), does not cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The TNFR was re-engineered for BBB penetration as a fusion protein with a chimeric monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the mouse transferrin receptor (TfR), and this ...
Quartararo Christine E CE Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine , 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, United - - 2013
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the leading cause of death due to a bacterial infection. The success of the Mtb pathogen has largely been attributed to the nonreplicating, persistence phase of the life cycle, for which the glyoxylate shunt is required. In Escherichia coli, flux through the shunt is controlled by ...
Campbell Scott B SB Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University , 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S - - 2013
Injectable, in situ-gelling magnetic composite materials have been fabricated by using aldehyde-functionalized dextran to cross-link superparamagnetic nanoparticles surface-functionalized with hydrazide-functionalized poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM). The resulting composites exhibit high water contents (82-88 wt.%) while also displaying significantly higher elasticities (G' >60 kPa) than other injectable hydrogels previously reported. The composites hydrolytically degrade ...
Anilkumar Parambath - - 2013
Carbon dots (surface-passivated small carbon nanoparticles) are crosslinked to result in fluorescence probes containing one or multiple dots. For the single-dot probes, the crosslinking further stabilizes the dot structure, while for those packed with multiple dots, the individual probe imaging results demonstrate that the fluorescence properties are additive, with more ...
Sun Jie - - 2013
Super-short carbon nanotubes with uniform and molecular scale length, which can be regarded as carbon nanorings (CNRs), are difficult to obtain from long carbon nanotubes. Wensheng Yang and co-workers report on page 1125 a strategy for fabricating CNRs with ∼1 nm length in the confined interlayer galleries of a layered ...
Liu Zhicheng - - 2013
Large area two dimensional gold nanorod arrays are fabricated on block copolymer templates after a facile plasma etching process. Either side-by-side or end-to-end assemblies could be obtained simply because of dimensional commensurability. The sub-50 nm nanorod array with excellent position selectivity has many potential applications in optoelectronic, catalytic, SERS and ...
Yang Helen - - 2013
A sponge-like cotton fabric autonomously collects and releases water from fogs, triggered by day- and night temperature variations, typically encountered in dry areas. The reversible switching between absorbing-superhydrophilic/releasing-superhydrophobic states results from structural changes of a temperature-responsive polymer grafted on the highly rough fabric-surface, as reported by John H. Xin, A. ...
McIntosh John A - - 2013
We report 12 cyanobactin cyclic peptides, the aestuaramides, from the cultivated cyanobacterium Lyngbya aestuarii. We show that aestuaramides are synthesized enzymatically as reverse O-prenylated tyrosine ethers that subsequently undergo a Claisen rearrangement to produce forward C-prenylated tyrosine. These results reveal that a nonenzymatic Claisen rearrangement dictates isoprene regiochemistry in a ...
Goldman Darin R - - 2013
Late-stage Takayasu's arteritis can result in significant ocular ischemic disease from global retinal hypoperfusion. The authors report the case of a 32-year-old woman with known Takayasu's arteritis who presented with severe, late-stage Takayasu's arteritis and prominent retinal findings. The systemic burden of the disease is illustrated using computed tomography angiography ...
Wang Hailin - - 2013
On page 1017, Martin Möller, Xiaomin Zhu, and co-workers report a facile and universal approach for the preparation of silica particles of various mesostructures based on the self-assembly of amphiphilic precursor polymers in water and subsequent condensation. Depending on the hydrophilization degree of hyperbranched polyethoxysiloxane, various silica morphologies including mesoporous ...
Zhang Genqiang - - 2013
Interconnected mesoporous NiCo(2) O(4) nanosheets can be directly grown on various conductive substrates including Ni foam, stainless steel, Ti foil, and flexible graphite paper through a simple solution method. The NiCo(2) O(4) nanosheets-Ni foam structure exhibits superior pseudocapacitive performance with a high capacitance of 1743 F g(-1) under a constant ...
Jiang Wei W Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2013
The goal of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia. Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia is prevalent and a risk factor for poor prognosis in patients with coronary heart disease, but past studies mainly studied patients with exercise-induced myocardial ischemia. Eligible patients with ...
Dagenais Gilles R GR Quebec Heart and Lung University Institute, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. - - 2013
The purpose of this analysis was to assess in patients with type 2 diabetes and stable coronary artery disease (CAD) whether the risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events varied according to the presence or absence of angina and angina equivalent symptoms. Data on the prognostic value of symptoms in ...
Mahjoub Haïfa - - 2013
This study sought to identify the clinical and metabolic determinants of bioprosthetic valve degeneration. Structural valve degeneration (SVD) is the major cause of bioprosthetic valve failure. Recent retrospective studies have reported an association between atherosclerotic risk factors and development of SVD. A total of 203 consecutive patients with aortic bioprosthetic ...
Groenveld Hessel F HF Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the - - 2013
This study sought to investigate differences in outcome between patients treated with successful strict, failed strict, and lenient rate control. The RACE II (Rate Control Efficacy in Permanent Atrial Fibrillation) study showed no difference in outcome between lenient and strict rate control in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, ...
Martin Seth S - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively examine the association of patient- and trial-specific factors with participation in cardiovascular randomized clinical trials. Randomized clinical trials are central to evidenced-based medicine, but low patient participation rates and potentially modifiable barriers are not well understood. At a large U.S. academic health ...
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