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Wang Kun - - 2013
Periodic DFT method has been firstly used to calculate the bulk structure, electronic structure, electrical transferring and thermodynamic properties of crystalline 5-azido-1H-tetrazole (HCN(7)) and its four different salts. The anion CN(7) (-) was included in all of the salts such as ammonium 5-azidotetrazolate ([NH(4)](+)[CN(7)](-)), hydrazinium 5-azidotetrazolate ([N(2)H(5)](+)[CN(7)](-)), guanidinium 5-azidotetrazolate ([CH(6)N(3)](+)[CN(7)](-) · H(2)O) ...
Ueda Hitoshi - - 2013
We report a rare case of chronic expanding hematoma of thorax extended to the neck. An 83-year-old man with a history of Lucite ball plombage and thoracoplasty of bilateral thorax was admitted with numbness of left upper extremity. In 6 months, left supraclavicular fossa was gradually bulged like tumor. The ...
Knospe Melanie - - 2013
The rat adenine receptor (rAdeR) was the first member of a family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) activated by adenine and designated as P0-purine receptors. The present study aimed at gaining insights into structural aspects of ligand binding and function of the rAdeR. We exchanged amino acid residues predicted to ...
Alberding Brian G - - 2013
Evidence, based on femtosecond transient absorption and time resolved infrared spectroscopy, is presented for photoinduced charge transfer from the Mo(2)δ orbital of the quadruply bonded molecule trans-Mo(2)(T(i)PB)(2)(BTh)(2), where T(i)PB = 2,4,6-triisopropyl benzoate and BTh = 2,2'-bithienylcarboxylate, to di-n-octyl perylene diimide and di-n-hexylheptyl perylene diimide in thin films and solutions of ...
Liefooghe Baptist - - 2013
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that a response in one task can be activated automatically on the basis merely of instructed stimulus-response (S-R) mappings belonging to another task. Such instruction-based response activations are considered to be evidence for the formation of S-R associations on the basis of the ...
Nickerson Jeffrey V - - 2013
Thinking often entails interacting with cognitive tools. In many cases, notably design, the predominant tool is the page. The page allows externalizing, organizing, and reorganizing thought. Yet, the page has its own properties that by expressing thought affect it: path, proximity, place, and permanence. The effects of these properties were ...
Lettau Michael - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate the in vitro visualization of different carotid artery stents on angiographic CT (ACT). Of particular interest was the influence of stent orientation to the angiography system by measurement of artificial lumen narrowing (ALN) caused by the stent material within the stented vessel segment to ...
Yang Dongjiang - - 2013
This feature article reviews some titanate-based adsorbents for the removal of radioactive wastes (cations and anions) from water. At the beginning, we discuss the development of the conventional ion-exchangeable titanate powders for the entrapment of radioactive cations, such as crystalline silicotitanate (CST), monosodium titanate (MST), peroxotitanate (PT). Then, we specially ...
Kilfoil Peter J - - 2013
Recent research suggests that in addition to their role as soluble electron carriers, pyridine nucleotides [NAD(P)(H)] also regulate ion transport mechanisms. This mode of regulation seems to have been conserved through evolution. Several bacterial ion-transporting proteins or their auxiliary subunits possess nucleotide-binding domains. In eukaryotes, the Kv1 and Kv4 channels ...
Polonia Alina - - 2013
Historian Ammianus Marcellinus documented the devastating effects of a tsunami hitting Alexandria, Egypt, on July 21, AD 365. "The solidity of the earth was made to shake … and the sea was driven away. The waters returning when least expected killed many thousands by drowning. Huge ships… perched on the ...
Tanaka A - - 2013
Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), which causes adult T cell leukemia (ATL) in humans, establishes a life-long latent infection. Current therapies are not very effective against HTLV-1-associated disorders. A novel therapeutic approach may help to combat HTLV-1 infection. A molecular therapy that targets the proviral genome is ...
Behrens Kevin Gary - - 2013
Many academic philosophers and ethicists are appointed to teach ethics to medical students. We explore exactly what this task entails. In South Africa the Health Professions Council's curriculum for training medical practitioners requires not only that students be taught to apply ethical theory to issues and be made aware of ...
Prakash Ravi - - 2013
Summary Drawing upon data from the third round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) conducted in India during 2005-06, this study compares the utilization of selected maternal and child health care services between the urban poor and non-poor in India and across selected Indian states. A wealth index was ...
Caldera-Alvarado G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Minimal data are available on the relationship between asthma and cognitive performance. In this report, we examine the relationship between asthma and cognitive performance in older adults, a subpopulation with elevated risk of cognitive impairment. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective analysis of 1380 participants age ≥55 who completed ...
Nakai Tomoaki - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative knowledge of the position of the facial nerve relative to a vestibular schwannoma would be very helpful to decide for an adapted therapeutic strategy. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of predicting the course of the facial nerve in vestibular schwannoma patients using 3 T ...
Fallah Razieh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy and safety of topiramate (TPM) and propranolol for migraine prophylaxis in children. METHODS: In a parallel single-blinded randomized clinical trial, 5-15 y-old referred migraineurs to Pediatric Neurology Clinic of Shahid Sadoughi Medical Sciences University, Yazd, Iran from May through October 2011, were evaluated. Patients were distributed into ...
Lange Kathrin M - - 2013
Iron L-edge X-ray absorption spectra of the active centre of myoglobin in the met-form, in the reduced form and upon ligation to O(2), CO, NO and CN are presented. The strength of ligation with the iron centre is finger-printed through the variation of the L(3) : L(2) intensity ratio. Charge Transfer Multiplet ...
Hur Jaehyun - - 2013
DNA nanostructures have been attractive due to their structural properties resulting in many important breakthroughs especially in controlled assemblies and many biological applications. Here, we report a unique energy storage device which is a supercapacitor that uses nanostructured DNA hydrogel (Dgel) as a template and layer-by-layer (LBL)-deposited polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) ...
Mullen Sean P - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine a profile for predicting attrition among older adults involved in a 12-month exercise program. The parent study was a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. The study took place between 2006 and 2009 within a university setting. Older adults (N = 179) completed baseline assessments of ...
Foltánková Veronika - - 2013
We used hybrid detectors (HyDs) to monitor the trajectories and interactions of promyelocytic leukemia (GFP-PML) nuclear bodies (NBs) and mCherry-53BP1-positive DNA lesions. 53BP1 protein accumulates in NBs that occur spontaneously in the genome or in γ-irradiation-induced foci. When we induced local DNA damage by ultraviolet irradiation, we also observed accumulation ...
Maffulli Nicola - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) augmented with either xenograft or tricalcium phosphate spacer for the management of medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) with genu varum. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2007, we prospectively enrolled 52 patients with medial ...
Aneja Sanjay - - 2013
Despite a known optimal treatment protocol for the management of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), many patients fail to receive complete surgical resection or post-operative radiation therapy (PORT). The underlying reasons behind this disparity are unclear. Our study investigates the influence of regional health system resources on the surgical management and PORT ...
Kemp Caralyn - - 2013
Facial expressions have been studied mainly in chimpanzees and have been shown to be important social signals. In platyrrhine and strepsirrhine primates, it has been doubted that facial expressions are differentiated enough, or the species socially capable enough, for facial expressions to be part of their communication system. However, in ...
Zhou G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there were great controversies about gender disparities in stroke outcome. The study was aimed to investigate sex differences in stroke case fatality on all published studies based in a comprehensive meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of Pubmed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, ISI Web of Science, and Cochrane Library ...
Liégeois Florian - - 2013
The goals of this study conducted in Gabon were to determine the prevalence rate of HIV-1 group O (HIV-1/O) infections and to characterize the genetic diversity of HIV-1/O strains as well as implications on antiretroviral (ARV) drug resistance. During 2010-2011, 1,176 samples from HIV-positive subjects were tested at the CIRMF ...
Suzuki Yusuke - - 2013
PURPOSE: Oxidative stress plays an important role in liver carcinogenesis. To determine the impact of oxidative stress on the recurrence of stage I/II hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative treatment, we conducted a prospective case series analysis. METHODS: This study included 45 consecutive patients with stage I/II HCC, who underwent curative ...
Derayat Amid - - 2013
Induction of triploidy has been suggested as an effective tool to prevent spawning of farmed fish. This experiment examined the growth potential of triploid cod when reared communally with diploid ones after the juvenile stage. Pressure treatment was used to induce triploidy in a batch of cod eggs in April ...
Raatschen Nadja - - 2013
To maintain their metal ion homeostasis, bacteria critically depend on membrane integrity and controlled ion translocation. Terrestrial Streptomyces species undermine the function of the cytoplasmic membrane as diffusion barrier for metal cations in competitors using ionophores. Although the properties of the divalent cation ionophores calcimycin and ionomycin have been characterized ...
Ackermann M - - 2013
Cosmic rays are particles (mostly protons) accelerated to relativistic speeds. Despite wide agreement that supernova remnants (SNRs) are the sources of galactic cosmic rays, unequivocal evidence for the acceleration of protons in these objects is still lacking. When accelerated protons encounter interstellar material, they produce neutral pions, which in turn ...
Zhang Wen-Hui - - 2013
The effect of Gd(3+) doping is harnessed to promote the phase transformation of ultrathin (2 nm) InOOH nanowires to corundum In(2)O(3) and to stabilize the nanowires against morphological deformation. The approach described here suggests a new route toward morphology and phase control of In(2)O(3) nanocrystals, which could be applied to ...
Di Giorgio Alessandro - - 2013
The persistence of thrombus inside stent struts is a frequent event in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and this phenomenon might be associated with an increased risk of stent thrombosis. We sought to quantify by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT) the presence of ...
Hsiao Ing-Tsung - - 2013
PURPOSE: Amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) is an important noninvasive method for detecting amyloid burden in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. As amyloid PET images have limited anatomical information, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is usually acquired to perform reliable spatial normalization needed for large-scale analysis. This work proposed and evaluated the ...
Zweig Janine M - - 2013
To date, little research has documented how teens might misuse technology to harass, control, and abuse their dating partners. This study examined the extent of cyber dating abuse-abuse via technology and new media-in youth relationships and how it relates to other forms of teen dating violence. A total of 5,647 ...
Bhandiwad Anita R - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within FDA guidelines for the MRI-conditional pacemaker precludes placing the heart at the center of the magnet's bore. This in effect appears to preclude cardiovascular MR. In this manuscript, we describe a protocol for cardiovascular MR of patients with a Revo pacemaker system while operating ...
Li G-X - - 2013
Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the levels of interleukin (IL)-33 and ST2 and T-helper (Th)2-associated cytokines (IL-13, IL-4, IL-5) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and examine the correlation of serum cytokine levels with disease activity and laboratory parameters. Method: Serum IL-33, IL-13, IL-4, and IL-5 ...
Moreno Manuel Pando - - 2013
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Inventory of Violence and Psychological Harassment (IVAPT) (Pando, 2006), a 22-item measure of psychological harassment at work and presence and intensity of psychological violence widely used in Latin American countries. Methods: The ...
- - 2013
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the leading cause of infant mortality among birth defects, and later morbidities and premature mortality remain problematic. Although genetic factors contribute significantly to cause CHD, specific genetic lesions are unknown for most patients. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-funded Pediatric Cardiac Genomics Consortium established ...
Balke Maurice - - 2013
Indications for acromioplasty are based on clinical symptoms and are generally supported by typical changes in acromial morphology on standard radiographs. We evaluated 5 commonly used radiographic parameters of acromial morphology and assessed the association between different radiographic characteristics on the one hand and subacromial impingement or rotator cuff tears ...
Virtanen Kaisa J - - 2013
Long-term outcome after surgery for grade-V acromioclavicular joint dislocation has not been reported. We performed a retrospective analysis of functional and radiographic outcome 15-22 years after surgery. We examined 50 patients who were treated at our hospital between April 1985 and December 1993. Various methods of stabilization were used: K-wires ...
Gamucci T - - 2013
Recurrences and deaths are known to occur, even if less frequently, in small, node-negative breast cancer patients, and decision on adjuvant treatments remains controversial. In the present analysis, we evaluate recurrence risk in patients with pT1 a, b, c, node-negative, breast cancer, accordingly with some prognostic biological factors. We retrospectively ...
Crestani Steben - - 2013
The inclusion of legumes in pasture reduces the need for mineral nitrogen applications and the pollution of groundwater; however, the agronomic and animal husbandry advantages with tropical legumes are still little known. The objective of this study was to quantify the effect of the use of forage peanut (Arachis pintoi ...
Kim Sangjin - - 2013
Allostery is well documented for proteins but less recognized for DNA-protein interactions. Here, we report that specific binding of a protein on DNA is substantially stabilized or destabilized by another protein bound nearby. The ternary complex's free energy oscillates as a function of the separation between the two proteins with ...
Edelaar Pim - - 2013
Shoval et al. (Reports, 1 June 2012, p. 1157) showed how configurations of phenotypes may identify tasks that trade off with each other, using randomizations assuming independence of data points. I argue that this assumption may not be correct for most and possibly all examples and led to pseudoreplication and ...
Cherian Christina - - 2013
We examined whether the novel 6-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine thienoyl antifolate, compound 2, might be an effective treatment for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), reflecting its selective membrane transport by the proton-coupled folate transport (PCFT) over the reduced folate carrier (RFC). HeLa sublines expressing exclusively PCFT (R1-11-PCFT4) or RFC (R1-11-RFC6) and H2452 MPM ...
Mestre Tiago A - - 2013
5-Hydroxytryptamine 2A receptors (5-HT2A-Rs) are widely expressed in the brain and have been implicated in mood and behavior. Based on the use of atypical antipsychotics in schizophrenia, antagonism of 5-HT2A-Rs initially emerged as a potential intervention capable of reducing the incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms, while exerting an effective antipsychotic action. ...
Im Gun-Il - - 2013
Changes occurring in the chondrocyte gene that control articular cartilage are important for the onset and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). However, actual development of the disease may be also controlled by changes in epigenome. Topics include the association of the three components of epigenetic modification, i.e., DNA methylation, histone modification, ...
Kallala Rami - - 2013
Cigarette smoke has negative effects on bone metabolism and fracture repair. However, no study has reviewed effects of nicotine on bone and fracture repair independent of other constituents of cigarette smoke. The authors review the existing evidence of the effect of nicotine on 'bone' and 'bone cells' and fracture repair, ...
Neumann S - - 2013
Bacterial infections are the most common cause for treatment-related mortality in patients with neutropenia after chemotherapy. Here, we discuss the use of antibacterial prophylaxis against bacteria and Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in neutropenic cancer patients and offer guidance towards the choice of drug. A literature search was performed to screen all ...
Kimani Peter K - - 2013
Seamless phase II/III clinical trials combine traditional phases II and III into a single trial that is conducted in two stages, with stage 1 used to answer phase II objectives such as treatment selection and stage 2 used for the confirmatory analysis, which is a phase III objective. Although seamless ...
Pooler Amy M - - 2013
Propagation of tau pathology is linked with progressive neurodegeneration, but the mechanism underlying trans-synaptic spread of tau is unknown. We show that stimulation of neuronal activity, or AMPA receptor activation, induces tau release from healthy, mature cortical neurons. Notably, phosphorylation of extracellular tau appears reduced in comparison with intracellular tau. ...
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