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Alshaer Hisham H Sleep and Upper Airway Team & Technology Team, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, 550 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 2A2, Canada. - - 2013
Sleep apnea (SA) is a very common disease with serious health consequences, yet is very under-diagnosed, partially because of the high cost and limited accessibility of in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG). The purpose of this work is to introduce a newly developed portable system for the diagnosis of SA at home that ...
Milošković Aleksandra - - 2013
The concentrations of iron, lead, cadmium, copper, manganese, mercury and arsenic were measured in water, sediment, five macrophytes (Typha angustifolia, Iris pseudacorus, Polygonum amphybium, Myriophyllum spicatum and Lemna gibba) and five fish species (Sander lucioperca, Abramis brama, Carassius gibelio, Silurus glanis and Arystichtys nobilis) in the Gruža Reservoir, used for ...
Lilge Lothar - - 2013
Single cell transport in microfluidic devices is a topic of interest as their utility is becoming appreciated by cell and molecular biologist. Cell transport should minimize mechanical stress due to friction or pressure gradients. Optical forces have the advantage of applying their forces across the cell volume and not only ...
Kauffman L K - - 2013
Canine brucellosis is a reportable zoonotic disease that can lead to canine reproductive losses and human infection through contact with infected urine or other genitourinary secretions. Although many locations require testing and euthanasia of positive dogs, current diagnosis is limited by the time required for seroconversion, for example, presence of ...
da Silva Ferreira Thaís - - 2013
Recent studies have suggested that dietary Ca may have beneficial effects on adiposity, insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia and blood pressure (BP). One potential mechanism underlying these benefits involves modifications in intracellular Ca concentration ([Ca2+]i). The present study aimed to evaluate the associations of dietary Ca with adiposity, erythrocyte [Ca2+]i, metabolic profile, ...
Mutamba A A Orbital Unit, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, - - 2013
Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a devastating disease with considerable mortality and morbidity, and early aggressive surgical debridement of devitalised necrotic tissues has traditionally been advocated. We describe three patients who were referred from other units several weeks after developing periocular necrotising fasciitis; in all the three, the disease had been ...
Lucas-Herald Angela - - 2013
Abstract Hyperthyrotropinaemia [mildly elevated thyrotropin (TSH) with normal thyroxine (T4) levels] demands a full assessment, including clinical examination, thyroid imaging and, where indicated, molecular genetic investigations. A male infant, both of whose parents were on T4 treatment, was referred at age 57 days with mild but persistent TSH elevation (12.7 mU/L) and ...
Cheng Yeung-Leung - - 2013
Purpose: The Nuss procedure is a minimally invasive method for the correction of pectus excavatum (PE). Pleural effusion complicating following the Nuss procedure was uncommon but may be critical. We evaluated the risk factors of postoperative pleural effusion after Nuss repair. Methods: We included all patients with PE primarily corrected ...
Ibrahim Ahmed K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Many university students experience some symptoms of depression during the course of their studies but there is evidence that students from less advantaged backgrounds may be more vulnerable. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional online survey of 923 undergraduate students attending 6 UK Universities in the academic year 2009-2010 ...
Hagenlocher Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MC) are main effector cells of allergic and other inflammatory reactions; however, only a few anti-MC agents are available for therapy. It has been reported that cinnamon extract (CE) attenuates allergic symptoms by affecting immune cells; however, its influence on MC was not studied so far. Here, ...
Quiroz Lieschen H - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to assess whether differences in the ages of nulliparous women affect: (1) interobserver reliability, and (2) visualization of the levator ani (LA) muscle subdivisions in nulliparous women using 3D endovaginal ultrasound (3D-EVUS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Community-dwelling nulliparous women ages 21-70 years ...
Mehlhorn Grit - - 2013
The benefits of cytology-based cervical cancer screening programs in reducing morbidity and mortality are well recognized. Especially, overtreatment of human papillomavirus (HPV) high-risk positive early dysplastic lesions may have a negative impact on reproductive outcomes for fertile women. To optimize the clinical management an objective standard is needed to distinguish ...
Schnell Ulrike - - 2013
The epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM; CD326) is highly expressed on epithelium-derived tumors and can play a role in cell proliferation. Recently, regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) has been implicated as the trigger for EpCAM-mediated proliferative signaling. However, RIP does not explain all EpCAM-derived protein fragments. To shed light on how ...
Valent P - - 2013
Mast cell activation (MCA) occurs in a number of different clinical conditions, including IgE-dependent allergies, other inflammatory reactions, and mastocytosis. MCA-related symptoms may be mild, moderate, severe, or even life-threatening. The severity of MCA depends on a number of different factors, including genetic predisposition, the number and releasability of mast ...
Leta Samson - - 2013
The brown ear tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, vector of East Coast fever (ECF) and related cattle diseases caused by Theileria parva has never been reported from the Horn of Africa. Habitat suitability for this tick species was predicted using Maxent modelling technique based on R. appendiculatus records in Sub-Saharan Africa. Two ...
Lam King-Yeung - - 2013
We consider a two-species competition model in which the species have the same population dynamics but different dispersal strategies. Both species disperse by a combination of random diffusion and advection along environmental gradients, with the same random dispersal rates but different advection coefficients. Regarding these advection coefficients as movement strategies ...
Easton Scott D - - 2013
Men who were sexually abused during childhood represent a highly stigmatized, marginalized population at risk for a variety of long-term mental health problems. Using the family integration dimension of Durkheim's theory of suicide, factors associated with suicidal ideation among a purposive sample of 487 men with histories of child sexual ...
Heesch Sandra - - 2013
Acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage represent a heterogeneous group of rare, poorly characterized leukemias with adverse outcome. No larger studies have yet performed a combined approach of molecular and clinical characterization of acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL) and biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) in adults. Here we describe 16 adults with AUL ...
Medina Anya - - 2013
The mechanism that initiates regeneration of pancreatic β-cells is not clear at present. The vagal nerve is implicated in the regulation of gastrointestinal functions, glucose metabolism and proliferation of pancreatic β-cells under physiological conditions. To elucidate the triggering mechanism of the regeneration of pancreatic β-cells, we examined the involvement of ...
Kinnear John A - - 2013
PURPOSE: A new postgraduate anesthesiology residency program has been founded as a North-South partnership between the United Kingdom (UK) and Zambia. The project aims to train physician anesthesiologists in Lusaka in an attempt to address the high perioperative mortality associated with anesthesia as well as to provide better professional support ...
Kolachi Nida F - - 2013
The use of natural remedies and pharmacological mineral supplements for liver disease treatment has a long history. In present study, the levels of selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) were determined in biological samples (serum and whole blood) of female hepatitis C patients (n = 132), age ranged 30-45 years, before and after 30 days ...
Ha Sang Yun - - 2013
Glioblastoma with an oligodendroglial component (GBMO) is recognized as a subgroup of glioblastoma (GBM); however, the molecular and clinicopathological characteristics of GBMO are obscure. We evaluated the methylation status of MGMT, IDH1/2 mutation, deletions of 1p and 19q and expression of IDH1, p53, p16, CD151, and galectin3 proteins in 42 ...
Nakada Takeo - - 2013
We report a case of retroesophageal parathyroid adenoma coexisting with an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA). A 63-year-old female presented with elevated serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone levels. (99m)Tc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile scintigram and enhanced chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a mediastinal tumor measuring 25 × 15 × 7 mm located posterior ...
Aamar Suhail - - 2013
Inflammatory large-vessel vasculitis in Behçet's disease may cause life-threatening arterial aneurysms that are prone to rupture. We report a patient with Behçet's disease with right ventricular thrombus and large aneurysms of the pulmonary arteries that led to recurrent episodes of hemoptysis. Following relapses and only partial response to repeated courses ...
Guo Linna - - 2013
A series of Lu(6)O(5)F(8):20%Yb(3+),1%Er(3+)(Tm(3+)),x%Li(+) (0 ≤ x ≤ 12) nanoparticles with average size from 20 to 320 nm upon increasing Li(+) concentration were prepared by a coprecipitation method. The detailed crystal structure of Lu(6)O(5)F(8) as a new matrix is firstly analysed via retrieved refinement of the powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). ...
Seemann K M - - 2013
Magnetic Fe(2)Pt core-shell nanoparticles with 2 nm cores were synthesized with a monolayer coating of silicotungstate Keggin clusters. The core-shell composition is substantiated by structural analysis performed using high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (HR-STEM) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) in a liquid suspension. The molecular metal oxide cluster shell ...
Wu Lili - - 2013
Abstract Aims and objectives. The aim is to determine the efficacy of internal and external biliary drainage (ED) with special reference to the effect of bile acid on intestinal epithelium during experimental biliary obstruction. Methods. A total of 59 male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups: (I) ...
Powell Philip A - - 2013
Research has shown that feelings of self-disgust may have a functional role in the genesis of depression by partially mediating the cross-sectional relationship between dysfunctional thoughts and depressive symptoms. However, there are many outstanding issues regarding these hypothesised associations. First, it is not yet clear whether self-disgust is a temporal ...
Sunde Jadranka - - 2013
Summary A detailed database on the genealogy of the Makarska region in Croatia has been created. The twinning rate for three villages in the region (Podgora, Tučepi and Brela) were analysed over the period 1870 to 1940 and factors such as mother's age and birth order are discussed. Of the ...
Hines Mary - - 2013
Intramuscular 17 α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (Makena(®)), a synthetic progestin, is indicated to reduce the risk of preterm birth in women with a singleton pregnancy who have a history of a singleton spontaneous preterm birth. Makena(®) reduces the risk of preterm birth in this patient population, and is associated with improvements in ...
Wu Fen - - 2013
Objective: To explore the association of the methylation status of MGMT and hMLH1 with chromosome damage induced by vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Materials and Methods: Methylation of MGMT and hMLH1 was measured in 101 VCM-exposed workers by methylation-specific PCR. Chromosome damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes was measured by the cytokinesis-block ...
Kilfoil Peter J PJ Diabetes Obesity Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2013
Recent research suggests that in addition to their role as soluble electron carriers, pyridine nucleotides [NAD(P)(H)] also regulate ion transport mechanisms. This mode of regulation seems to have been conserved through evolution. Several bacterial ion-transporting proteins or their auxiliary subunits possess nucleotide-binding domains. In eukaryotes, the Kv1 and Kv4 channels ...
Polonia Alina - - 2013
Historian Ammianus Marcellinus documented the devastating effects of a tsunami hitting Alexandria, Egypt, on July 21, AD 365. "The solidity of the earth was made to shake … and the sea was driven away. The waters returning when least expected killed many thousands by drowning. Huge ships… perched on the ...
Tanaka A - - 2013
Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), which causes adult T cell leukemia (ATL) in humans, establishes a life-long latent infection. Current therapies are not very effective against HTLV-1-associated disorders. A novel therapeutic approach may help to combat HTLV-1 infection. A molecular therapy that targets the proviral genome is ...
Behrens Kevin Gary - - 2013
Many academic philosophers and ethicists are appointed to teach ethics to medical students. We explore exactly what this task entails. In South Africa the Health Professions Council's curriculum for training medical practitioners requires not only that students be taught to apply ethical theory to issues and be made aware of ...
Prakash Ravi - - 2013
Summary Drawing upon data from the third round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) conducted in India during 2005-06, this study compares the utilization of selected maternal and child health care services between the urban poor and non-poor in India and across selected Indian states. A wealth index was ...
Caldera-Alvarado G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Minimal data are available on the relationship between asthma and cognitive performance. In this report, we examine the relationship between asthma and cognitive performance in older adults, a subpopulation with elevated risk of cognitive impairment. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective analysis of 1380 participants age ≥55 who completed ...
Nakai Tomoaki - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative knowledge of the position of the facial nerve relative to a vestibular schwannoma would be very helpful to decide for an adapted therapeutic strategy. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of predicting the course of the facial nerve in vestibular schwannoma patients using 3 T ...
Fallah Razieh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy and safety of topiramate (TPM) and propranolol for migraine prophylaxis in children. METHODS: In a parallel single-blinded randomized clinical trial, 5-15 y-old referred migraineurs to Pediatric Neurology Clinic of Shahid Sadoughi Medical Sciences University, Yazd, Iran from May through October 2011, were evaluated. Patients were distributed into ...
Lange Kathrin M - - 2013
Iron L-edge X-ray absorption spectra of the active centre of myoglobin in the met-form, in the reduced form and upon ligation to O(2), CO, NO and CN are presented. The strength of ligation with the iron centre is finger-printed through the variation of the L(3) : L(2) intensity ratio. Charge Transfer Multiplet ...
Egan Sarah J - - 2013
Background: To date no research has investigated the link between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and perfectionism in a clinical sample. Aims: The aim of the current study was to examine whether there is a relationship between PTSD and perfectionism. This is important to address as many studies have demonstrated ...
Throckmorton Amy L - - 2013
A blood pump specifically designed to augment flow from the great veins through the lungs would ameliorate the poor physiology of the failing univentricular circulation and result in a paradigm shift in the treatment strategy for Fontan patients. This study is the first to examine mechanical cavopulmonary assistance with a ...
Tsimachidis Constantinos - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a 10-week combined resistance/sprint training programme in the post-activation potentiation of sprint performance before, between and after resistance training sets. Twenty-six junior basketball players were randomly divided into a control and a combined training group. The combined training ...
Gasa Merce - - 2013
Hypoxic brain damage might explain persistent sleepiness in some continuous positive airway pressure-compliant obstructive sleep apnoea called residual excessive sleepiness. Although continuous positive airway pressure may not be fully efficient in treating this symptom, wake-promoting drug prescription in residual excessive sleepiness is no longer allowed by the European Medicines Agency. ...
Guo Huiling - - 2013
The corneal epithelial barrier dysfunction is associated with a number of disorders of the cornea. This study aims to investigate the role of integrin alpha v beta 6 (avb6) in maintaining the corneal epithelial barrier function. In this study, the association of avb6 and endosome/lysosome in the human corneal epithelial ...
Meiners Frank - - 2013
Control of the cell adhesion and growth on chemically patterned surfaces is important in an increasing number of applications in biotechnology and medicine, for example implants, in-vitro cellular assays, and biochips. This review covers patterning techniques for organic thin films suitable for site-directed guidance of cell adhesion to surfaces. Available ...
Rist V T S - - 2013
In pigs, the microbial ecosystem of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is influenced by various factors; however, variations in diet composition have been identified as one of the most important determinants. Marked changes in fermentation activities and microbial ecology may occur when altering the diet, for example, from milk to solid ...
Henriques Ana A Centro do Sangue e da Transplantação de Coimbra, Instituto Português do Sangue e da Transplantação, Edifício São Jerónimo, 4º Piso Praceta Mota Pinto, 3001-301 Coimbra, - - 2013
With the discovery of Th17 cells, it became unclear whether rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a Th1-mediated and/or a Th17-mediated disease. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize the pro-inflammatory function of IL-17-producing T cell subsets (Th(c)17) in RA. Flow cytometry analysis was performed on peripheral blood from ...
Zhang Huan - - 2013
Intermittent allergic rhinitis (IAR) is a common allergic disease, which is associated with local infiltration of T cells, eosinophils, and basophils. However, changes of circulating inflammatory cells may reflect local and systemic allergic inflammation and potentially, also the response to treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs). In this study, we comprehensively profiled ...
McCaughan Dorothy - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers are a common and distressing condition that can impair quality of life. Larval therapy has been widely promoted for the treatment of different types of chronic wounds, yet little is known about its acceptability to patients. OBJECTIVES: To explore patients' experiences of venous leg ulceration and ...
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