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Results 451 - 500 of 3463
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Veurink Marieke - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the mechanism behind the aggregation breaking properties of dexamethasone phosphate and related corticosteroids on the IgG1 antibody bevacizumab (Avastin®). METHODS: An in silico 3D dimer model is developed to identify the bevacizumab-bevacizumab interface, and different corticosteroids are docked onto the model to distinguish preferred binding sites. In ...
Voigt Anja - - 2013
SCOPE: We aimed to evaluate the predictability of short-term (5 days) changes in epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT) gene expression for long-term (12 weeks) changes induced by high-fat diet (HFD) feeding. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice were fed semisynthetic diets containing 10 (low-fat diet) or 40 (HFD) energy% of fat. Global ...
Alhilli Mariam M - - 2013
Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common malignancy of the female reproductive tract and the fourth most common cancer overall. Approximately 20 % of patients with EC harbor disease outside the uterus, and 10 % of patients initially diagnosed with cancer confined to the uterus are found to have lymph node metastases. ...
Spesso M F - - 2013
This study demonstrates the capacity of the one-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fingerprinting method using the microsatellite primers (GACA)(4) or (GTG)(5) (MSP-PCR) to identify six of the most frequent dermatophyte species causing cutaneous mycosis. PCR with (GACA)(4) was a suitable method to recognise Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum, Trichophyton rubrum and ...
Koutsounas Ioannis - - 2013
Pregnane X Receptor (PXR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, expressed in liver, intestine and other tissues. PXR exerts transcriptional regulation by binding to its DNA response elements as an heterodimer with Retinoid X Receptor (RXR). This nuclear receptor is implicated in the homeostasis of numerous endobiotics, such ...
Orive Miren - - 2013
PURPOSE: Limited data are available on the difficulties experienced over time by caregivers of patients with eating disorders (CPED). The aim of this study was to describe changes in anxiety and depression among such caregivers over 1 year and to identify factors predicting any change in both. METHODS: At recruitment, 145 ...
Deroy Ophelia - - 2013
A little over a decade ago, Martino and Marks (Current Directions in Psychological Science 10:61-65, 2001) put forward the influential claim that cases of intuitive matchings between stimuli in different sensory modalities should be considered as a weak form of synesthesia. Over the intervening years, many other researchers have agreed-at ...
Crespel Amélie - - 2013
Investigating the nature of physiological traits potentially related to fitness is important towards a better understanding of how species and/or populations may respond to selective pressures imposed by contrasting environments. In northern species in particular, the ability to mobilize energy reserves to compensate for the low external energy intake during ...
van Kampen V - - 2013
Skin prick testing (SPT) in combination with the clinical history of the patient is one important step in the diagnosis of IgE-mediated occupational allergies. However, skin test performance is related to the quality of allergen extracts. The present consensus document was prepared by an EAACI Task Force consisting of an ...
Djeghloul F - - 2013
Organic semiconductors constitute promising candidates toward large-scale electronic circuits that are entirely spintronics-driven. Toward this goal, tunneling magnetoresistance values above 300% at low temperature suggested the presence of highly spin-polarized device interfaces. However, such spinterfaces have not been observed directly, let alone at room temperature. Thanks to experiments and theory ...
Uesugi Haruka - - 2013
A series of heteroleptic platinum(ii) complexes ( and ) bearing a dicarbene ligand and a cyclometalated bidentate ligand have been prepared. Two of the complexes ( and ) were characterized by X-ray diffraction analyses, confirming the square-planar structures. Detailed spectroscopic properties of the complexes have been studied, and two complexes, ...
Siekmeyer Manuela - - 2013
Abstract The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle represents the key enzymatic steps in cellular energy metabolism. Once the TCA cycle is impaired in case of inherited metabolic disorders, life-threatening episodes of metabolic decompensation and severe organ failure can arise. We present the case of a 6 ½-year-old girl with propionic acidaemia ...
Tian Rui - - 2013
Objective: The goals of this study were to establish a new model for predicting in-hospital mortality of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and to compare the predictive accuracy of the new model with the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) model. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 18206 Chinese patients undergoing ...
Yamane Shogo - - 2013
The introduction of bulky tert-butyl substituents into smectic liquid-crystalline 9,10-bis(phenylethynyl)anthracene derivatives influences excimer structures and luminescence properties.
Park Chan Hum - - 2013
Compelling evidence indicates that polyphenolic antioxidants show protective effects against diabetic complications. We investigated the effects of a polyphenolic compound, 7-O-galloyl- D-sedoheptulose (GS), from Corni Fructus on a type 2 diabetic db/db mouse model. After 6 weeks of GS treatment, the effects of GS on serum and pancreatic biochemical factors ...
Shingyoji Masato - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We have recently reported on the changes in plasma free amino acid (PFAA) profiles in lung cancer patients and the efficacy of a PFAA-based, multivariate discrimination index for the early detection of lung cancer. In this study, we aimed to verify the usefulness and robustness of PFAA profiling ...
Zieker Derek - - 2013
PURPOSE: Metastases are a frequent finding in gastric cancer and are associated with poor prognosis. A recently discovered link between metabolic changes, differentiation, and therapy resistance due to tumor stem cells could depict a novel approach in cancer research and therapy. Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) is a metabolic enzyme and ...
Vereckei András - - 2013
Abstract The authors report a case of rare chloroquine cardiotoxicity mimicking connective tissue disease heart involvement in a 56-year-old woman with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) manifested suddenly as third degree A-V block with QT(c) interval prolongation and short torsade de pointes runs ultimately degenerating into ventricular fibrillation. Immunological tests ...
Bergés-Tiznado Magdalena E - - 2013
In this study, we examined the bioavailability of arsenic through the mangrove oyster Crassostrea corteziensis sampled from seven coastal lagoons in SE Gulf of California during the rainy and dry seasons. As concentrations in soft tissue of oysters C. corteziensis fluctuated between 5.2 and 11.6 μg/g on dry weight; organisms from ...
Adikibi Boma T - - 2013
A 2-year-old female presented acutely with peritonitis and small bowel obstruction. An abdominal radiograph demonstrated a radiopaque foreign body. At laparotomy she was found to have bowel perforations with entero-enteric fistulae caused by four magnets. The magnets were removed, and debridement and closure of the perforations performed. We review our ...
Shankar Sreejith P - - 2013
Tubulysins are cytotoxic natural products with promising anti-cancer properties, originally isolated from myxobacterial cultures. Structurally, tubulysins are tetrapeptides, incorporating three unusual (Mep, Tuv and Tup) and one proteinogenic amino acid (Ile). Here we describe the synthesis and structure-activity relationship studies of novel tubulysin U and V analogues, with variations in ...
Kanagal-Shamanna Rashmi - - 2013
Aurora-A is a mitotic kinase implicated in oncogenesis and is known to be overexpressed in B-cell lymphomas and plasma cell myeloma. The expression of Aurora-A kinase (henceforth referred to as Aurora-A) in T-cell lymphomas is not well characterized. In this study, we assessed Aurora-A expression by immunohistochemical analysis in 100 ...
Delgado-Roche Livan - - 2013
Abstract Retained low-density lipoproteins (LDL) by arterial glycosaminoglycans (GAG) are more susceptible to reactive oxygen species-mediated oxidation, contributing to oxidative stress and atherosclerosis. Recently, we reported the properties of the chimeric mouse/human monoclonal antibody chP3R99-LALA to bind sulfated GAG, inhibit LDL-chondroitin sulfate binding and avoid LDL oxidation in vitro. Here, ...
Buijs Nikki - - 2013
Pharmaco-nutrients have beneficial effects on protective and immunological mechanisms in patients undergoing surgery, which are important for recovery after injury and in combating infectious agents. The aim of this review article was to outline the potential of the administration of nutritional substrates to surgical patients and the underlying mechanisms that ...
Birk D - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the safety and the efficacy of the self-gripping Parietex ProGrip™ mesh (Sofradim Production, Trévoux, France) used with the laparoscopic approach for inguinal hernia repair. The incidence of chronic pain, post-operative complications, patient satisfaction and hernia recurrence at follow-up after 12 months was ...
Zhang Aijun - - 2013
Using a ternary sex pheromone blend [86:6:6 v:v:v (Z,Z)-3,13-octadecadienyl acetate: (E,Z)-2,13-octadecadienyl acetate: (Z,E)-3,13-octadecadienyl acetate], we tested the effect of dispenser type and trap design for capture of dogwood borer (DWB), Synanthedon scitula Harris (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) in apple orchards in West Virginia, Virginia, and North Carolina. Wing-style sticky traps baited with ...
Mairet Francis - - 2013
Under stress conditions, microalgae are known to accumulate large amounts of neutral lipids and carbohydrates, which can be used for biofuel production. However, on-line measurement of microalgal biochemical composition is a difficult task which makes the microalgal process rather difficult to manage. In this paper, we propose a so called ...
Tabolli Stefano - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is viewed as a relatively mild dermatologic condition; however, affected individuals feel that alopecia is a serious condition with major consequences in their life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the health status, the risk of anxiety/depression, the coping strategies, and alexithymia in ...
Nagahama Masahiro - - 2013
Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin (CP, 370 residues) is one of the main agents involved in the development of gas gangrene. In this study, the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of the C-terminal domain (CP251-370) of the toxin and phospholipase C (CB, 372 residues) of C. bifermentans, isolated from cases of clostridium necrosis, ...
Asada Tomohiko - - 2013
We observed a 59-year-old right-handed man with an infarction in his right-middle cerebral artery that included the parietal lobe, who abnormally manipulated mental images in the horizontal direction, resulting in calculation disturbances. Three years later, the patient suffered an infarction in the left parietal lobe and displayed abnormalities during the ...
Kato Takashi - - 2013
Bone marrow cell infusion (BMI) has recently been suggested as an effective therapy for refractory liver disease; however, the efficiency of BMI using canine bone marrow cells (cBMCs) has not been reported. We evaluated the accumulation potential of cBMCs in a mouse model of acute liver failure. Acute hepatitis was ...
Tyler Frances - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Post-mating interactions between the reproductive traits and gametes of mating individuals and among their genes within zygotes are invariably complex, providing multiple opportunities for reproduction to go awry. These interactions have the potential to act as barriers to gene flow between species, and may be important in the ...
Kaye Alan David - - 2013
Electrophysiological abnormalities of the QT interval of the standard electrocardiogram are not uncommon. Congenital long QT syndrome is due to mutations of several possible genes (genotype) that result in prolongation of the corrected QT interval (phenotype). Abnormalities of the QT interval can be acquired and are often drug-induced. Torsades de ...
Botteri Edoardo - - 2013
The impact of breast surgery on survival of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients is controversial. We addressed the question in a mono-institutional series of MBC patients with synchronous bone metastases. We identified 187 consecutive women diagnosed between 2000 and 2008 with locally operable (T1-T3) MBC, synchronous bone metastases, with no ...
Van Nguyen Huy - - 2013
Risks for HIV infection remain unknown in male street laborers. This research investigates patterns of self-reported risk behaviors among these men in urban Vietnam. In a cross-sectional survey using a social mapping technique, 450 men, mostly low-skilled and unregistered migrant laborers across 13 districts in Hanoi were approached for interviews. ...
Broadhouse Kathryn M - - 2013
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) remains common in preterm newborns, but uncertainty over optimal management is perpetuated by clinicians' inability to quantify its true haemodynamic impact. Our aim was to develop a technique to quantify ductal shunt volume and the effect of PDA on systemic blood flow volume in neonates. Phase ...
Cehreli Cavit - - 2013
Chronic basophilic leukemia (CBL) is an extremely rare disorder. A female patient presented with recurrent attacks of chills, fever and abdominal pain was found to have simultaneous cyclic oscillation in leukocyte counts and C-reactive protein values. She was initially diagnosed with familial Mediterranean fever and treated with colchicine. Diagnosis of ...
Skare Thelma L - - 2013
Recently, it has been found that some lupus patients may have anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP), although the clinical significance of such finding is not well established. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients may have joint complaints that are very similar to those observed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In early stages ...
Vermeulen Nicolas - - 2013
In the present experiments, participants had to verify properties of concepts but, depending on the trial condition, concept-property pairs were presented via headphones or on the screen. The results showed that participants took longer and were less accurate at verifying conceptual properties when the channel used to present the CONCEPT-property ...
Triantos Christos - - 2013
Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and iron overload are the main causes of liver disease in β-thalassemia major (βTM). There is limited data regarding the course of CHC in this population. All patients (n = 144) from the thalassemia centre of the University Hospital of Patras were evaluated (January 1981 to June 2012). ...
Stawerska Renata - - 2013
Abstract Background: The E23K variant of the KCNJ11 gene is possibly responsible for changes in insulin secretion during the fetal life. We tried to assess the influence of the E23K variant on birth weight and metabolic profile in prepubertal children born small for gestational age (SGA). Subjects: One hundred and ...
Way Bruce B - - 2013
This study examined the prevalence, willingness to report, and treatment preferences for suicidal ideation among state prison inmates. The Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) and a novel questionnaire were completed by 67 inmate-patients. The BSS score was in the high range for 15% of general population (GP) and 40% ...
Ghorbani-Vaghei Ramin - - 2013
Various mono and bis-1,6-dihydropyrazine-2,3-dicarbonitrile derivatives were efficiently synthesized by reacting 2,3-diaminomaleonitrile (DAMN), isocyanides and ketones in the presence of a catalytic amount of [Formula: see text]-tetrabromobenzene-1,3-disulfonamide [TBBDA] and poly([Formula: see text]-bromo-[Formula: see text]-ethylbenzene-1,3-disulfonamide) [PBBS] in EtOH/H[Formula: see text]O at ambient temperature. Graphic abstract [Formula: see text] -Tetrabromobenzene-1,3-disulfonamide and poly( [Formula: ...
Ami Diletta - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The understanding of protein aggregation is a central issue in different fields of protein science, from the heterologous protein production in biotechnology to amyloid aggregation in several neurodegenerative and systemic diseases. To this goal, it became more and more evident the crucial relevance of studying protein aggregation in the ...
Lemon Greg - - 2013
A mathematical model, in the form of an integro-partial differential equation, is presented to describe the dynamics of cells being deposited, attaching and growing in the form of a monolayer across an adherent surface. The model takes into account that the cells suspended in the media used for the seeding ...
Kaplow Julie B - - 2013
Suicidal ideation substantially increases the odds of future suicide attempts, and suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents. A history of adverse life events has been linked with future suicidal ideation and attempts, although studies examining potential mediating variables have been scarce. One probable mediating mechanism is ...
Childs Andrew M - - 2013
A quantum walk is a time-homogeneous quantum-mechanical process on a graph defined by analogy to classical random walk. The quantum walker is a particle that moves from a given vertex to adjacent vertices in quantum superposition. We consider a generalization to interacting systems with more than one walker, such as ...
Pelagio-Flores Ramón - - 2013
The control of cell division by growth regulators is critical to proper shoot and root development. Alkamides belong to a class of small lipid amides involved in plant morphogenetic processes, from which N-isobutyl decanamide is one of the most active compounds identified. This work describes the isolation and characterization of ...
Virmani Jitendra - - 2013
Characterization of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and metastatic carcinomas (METs) from B-mode ultrasound presents a daunting challenge for radiologists due to their highly overlapping appearances. The differential diagnosis between HCCs and METs is often carried out by observing the texture of regions inside the lesion and the texture of background liver ...
Tan Louisa - - 2013
Background: Well-being in persons with dementia (PWD) depends much on the quality and type of care received. The Dementia Management Strategies Scale (DMSS) is a useful instrument to appraise care styles of caregivers. The present study expanded on previous research by refining and establishing the scale's content validity and psychometric ...
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