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Results 401 - 450 of 3295
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Hara Makoto - - 2013
Regional progression of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) around the hippocampus was traced on thick sections double immunofluorolabeled with RD3 and RD4 antibodies, specific for three- and four-repeat tau, respectively. As reported, the cubic density of all tau-positive neurons was predominant in the entorhinal cortex and cornu ammonis (CA)1, and decreased progressively ...
Slagt Inez K B - - 2013
PURPOSE: To study the short- and long-term outcomes of kidney transplantation in patients with a bladder augmentation or urinary diversion compared to patients with a kidney transplantation in a normal functional bladder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and March 2011, 13 patients received 16 grafts into a reconstructed urinary ...
Weihl Conrad C - - 2013
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington disease, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease are caused by the accumulation of aggregate prone proteins. Pathogenic proteins misfold, aggregate, and escape the cell's normal degradative pathways. Protein aggregates subsequently lead to the toxic disruption of normal cellular processes leading, ultimately, to disease. Several lines of ...
Hedman E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Guided Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) for panic disorder has been shown to be efficacious in several randomized controlled trials. However, the effectiveness of the treatment when delivered within routine psychiatric care has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of ICBT for ...
Cecelja Marina - - 2013
Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) is an independent determinant of cardiovascular events. Computed tomography (CT) is currently the gold standard measure of AAC but is limited by high radiation exposure. Lateral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has the potential to detect AAC at a fraction of the radiation dose. Our objective was ...
Hakim Fayaz A - - 2013
Mitral arcade (MA) is a rare congenital anomaly of the mitral valve and its tensor apparatus. This condition has been reported primarily in children younger than 3 years of age. MA is characterized by elongated papillary muscles connected to each other and to the tip of anterior mitral leaflet by a ...
Ercan C M - - 2013
In this controlled study, we aimed to evaluate the sexual dysfunction of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in comparison to healthy controls. We enrolled 64 sexually active women in our study. The PCOS group consisted of 32 women who met the Rotterdam diagnostic criteria, and the control group was ...
Zhang Ming - - 2013
Effects of radiation damage and thermal annealing on the crystal structure of natural titanite (CaTiSiO(5)) were studied using Raman spectroscopy. The results show that well crystallized natural titanites generally have the P2(1)/a structure at the unit cell level, in contrast to the A2/a symmetry reported previously. Radiation caused by naturally ...
Budinger Eike - - 2013
We investigated the frequency-related topography of connections of the primary auditory cortical field (AI) in the Mongolian gerbil with subcortical structures of the auditory system by means of the axonal transport of two bidirectional tracers, which were simultaneoulsy injected into regions of AI with different best frequencies (BFs). We found ...
Spoth Richard - - 2013
Considering the prevalence and consequences of health-risking sexual behaviors (HRSBs) and STDs among young adults, their prevention is a public health priority. Emerging etiological and prevention outcome literatures suggested study of the long-term effects of universal family-focused interventions on young adult HRSBs and STDs. Although earlier studies have demonstrated intervention ...
Autier Philippe - - 2013
PURPOSE: Chronic hyperinsulinemia may play a role in breast cancer etiology. We performed a meta-analysis examining whether serum concentrations of insulin and C-peptide are associated with increased breast cancer risk. METHODS: We restricted our analyses to prospective studies. After a systematic literature search, we computed summary relative risks (SRRs) and ...
Ilie Nicoleta - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to analyse whether the irradiation time and/or the modulation of irradiation time influence the degree of conversion (DC) and the amount of elutable substances from modern nano-hybrid resin-based composites (RBCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The DC was recorded in real time for 5 min by ...
Daher Mauricio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1) A118G polymorphism has been associated with decreased analgesic effects of opioids and predisposition to addiction. However, its role in specific clinical scenarios and in different ethnicities must be better defined. No studies evaluating the A118G polymorphism in the Brazilian population have yet been published. METHODS: ...
Fang Yudan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Major improvements have been made progressively on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 based lentiviral vectors to minimize the probability of replication-competent lentivirus formation. This includes the deletion of U3 promoter and the use of packaging cells, which has increased their potential for use in gene therapy and other in vivo ...
Zalitis Christopher M - - 2013
An alternative approach to the rotating disk electrode (RDE) for characterising fuel cell electrocatalysts is presented. The approach combines high mass transport with a flat, uniform, and homogeneous catalyst deposition process, well suited for studying intrinsic catalyst properties at realistic operating conditions of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC). Uniform ...
van Bebber Frauke - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequent dementia. Pathologically, AD is characterized by the accumulation of senile plaques composed of amyloid β-peptide (Aβ). Two proteases, β- and γ-secretase proteolytically generate Aβ from its precursor, the ß-amyloid precursor protein (APP). Inhibition of β- secretase, also referred to as beta-site APP cleaving ...
Magalhães Fernanda Pedreira - - 2013
Purpose:  To report the outcomes of Boston type I keratoprosthesis (BKPro) in the management of ocular burn injuries. Methods:  This was a prospective study including all cases of BKPro implantation for ocular burns at the External Diseases and Cornea Service of the Federal University of São Paulo, between February 2008 ...
Kite Geoffrey C - - 2013
LC-UV-MS analyses of inflorescence extracts of Sambucus nigra L. (elder, Adoxaceae) revealed the presence of numerous acyl spermidines, with isomers of N,N-diferuloylspermidine and N-acetyl-N,N-diferuloylspermidine being most abundant. Pollen was the main source of the acyl spermidines in the inflorescence. Three of the major acyl spermidines were isolated and their structures ...
Symons Jordan M - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a significant challenge, leading to increased morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. Therapy for AKI to this point has largely been supportive; specific interventions to treat established AKI have had minimal effect. Review of the pathogenesis of AKI reveals complex, interacting mechanisms, including changes in microcirculation, ...
Shah Ira - - 2013
Tyrosinemia has rarely been reported from India due to lack of diagnostic facilities. We present three children, two boys and one girl, who presented with rickets and hepatomegaly. They had increased plasma and urine tyrosine levels, renal tubular acidosis, large kidneys, elevated urine succinylacetone, and chronic liver disease. Two patients ...
Harte Alison L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Central obesity and sub-clinical inflammation increase metabolic risk, this study examined the intracellular inflammatory pathwaysin adipose tissue (AT) that contribute to this risk. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study therefore addressed the influence of NFκB and JNK activation in human abdominal subcutaneous (AbdSc) and omental (Om) AT, the effect of ...
Moreno-Sierra Jesús - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of the da Vinci® robotic system in 2000 has been a new step forward in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). The aim of this study was to analyse our initial experience with robot-assisted dismembered Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty and to perform a bibliographic review on the topic. ...
Zhu Linghui - - 2013
White-rot fungus Inonotus obliquus grown in submerged culture produces antioxidative phenolic compounds. In this study, addition of lignocellulosic materials into the liquid culture increased the production and antioxidant activity of extra- and intra-cellular phenolic compounds (EPC and IPC, respectively). The production of EPC and IPC was significantly enhanced by wheat ...
Ahmad F - - 2013
Severe type 3 VWD (VWD3) is characterised by complete absence or presence of trace amounts of non-functional von Willebrand factor (VWF). The study was designed to evaluate the VWF mutations in VWD3 patients and characterise the breakpoints of two identified homozygous novel large deletions. Patients were diagnosed by conventional tests ...
Dong Min - - 2013
Even though ER-positive, HER2-negative breast tumors represent a subset of breast cancers with a better clinical outcome, approximately 12.7 % of patients in this subgroup ultimately develop cancer-related mortality. Recent studies had confirmed that hypoxia-induced autophagy-related gene Beclin 1 expression might be important for disease progression and be correlated with patient ...
Subramanian Melanie - - 2013
The bushmeat industry has been a topic of increasing importance among both conservationists and public health officials for its influence on zoonotic disease transmission and animal conservation. While the association between infectious diseases and the bushmeat trade is well established in the research community, risk perception among bushmeat hunters and ...
Mollicone Debra - - 2013
Challenged by the observation that newly admitted dialysis patients were often unaware of their treatment options, Fresenius Medical Care, North America developed a program to improve information delivered to chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients prior to their need for renal replacement therapy. Six years ago, the Treatment Options Program (TOPs) was ...
Pecina Jennifer L - - 2013
PURPOSE: Telemonitoring is being increasingly used for chronic disease monitoring. While the primary aim of telemonitoring is to improve chronic disease management and decrease hospitalizations, the potential impact on patient's health-related quality of life may be an additional benefit. METHODS: Two hundred and five patients aged 60 years and older with ...
Storan Eoin R - - 2013
Data describing the management of pediatric patients admitted to a hospital under the care of a dermatologist and dermatology hospital consults for pediatric inpatients are limited. We aim to describe the role of an inpatient hospital service jointly run by dermatology and pediatrics and the activities of a pediatric dermatology ...
Zhang Fan - - 2013
Six kinds of Bifidobacterium bifidum microcapsules were prepared by extrusion methods, emulsion methods and coacervation methods. Effects of preparation methods on the survival of encapsulated B. bifidum were examined. Results showed that microcapsules prepared by emulsion method with alginate and chitosan exhibited the best protection for B. bifidum. The diameter ...
Liu Jian-Ye - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the significance of tumor location and superficial urothelial bladder carcinoma (UBC) history on oncological outcomes in patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for ureteral urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two patients treated with RNU for ureteral UC between January 1999 and July 2010 were retrospectively ...
Riedl T - - 2013
In this article we study the elemental distribution and solute solubility in nanocrystalline alloys of immiscible components near restricted equilibrium for the case of the binary Cu-Ag system. As predicted from thermodynamic considerations, a grain boundary segregated monophase alloy is observed in the annealed mechanically alloyed state for low Ag ...
Sweeney Helen Anne - - 2013
The Great Recession of 2007-2009 adversely affected the financial stability of the community-based mental health infrastructure in Ohio. This paper presents survey results of the type of adaptive strategies used by Ohio community-based mental health organizations to manage the consequences of the economic downturn. Results were aggregated into geographical classifications ...
Nsondé Malanda Judith - - 2013
The Brazzaville cancer registry was created in 1996 with the support of the International Agency Research against Cancer (IARC) which is located in Lyon, France. The Brazzaville cancer registry is a registry which is based on population which records new cancer cases occurring in Brazzaville by using Canreg 4.0 Software. ...
Waters Mark T - - 2013
The structural homology of the daffodil corona has remained a source of debate throughout the history of botany. Over the years it has been separately referred to as a modified petal stipule, stamen and tepal. Here we provide insights from anatomy and molecular studies to clarify the early developmental stages ...
Koutroumpi S - - 2013
Cushing's Syndrome (CS) is associated with an increased mortality, where hypercoagulability seems to have a crucial role in both arterial and venous thrombosis. Parameters of in vitro thrombin generation (TG) such as lag time, peak thrombin and endogenous thrombin potential (ETP), that describe the time until thrombin burst, the peak ...
Aydın Banu - - 2013
Multiple pregnancies are characterized by significantly higher rates of intrauterine and perinatal morbidities and fetal death compared to singleton pregnancies. It is well known that the death of a co-twin during the second and third trimester can cause damage in the other fetus. Here we report two newborn cases presenting ...
Nouri Nayereh - - 2013
A 14-year-old Iranian boy with congenital cutis laxa and several other typical autosomal recessive type II features was examined. Mutation analysis of the pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1 gene revealed a single-base deletion (c.345delC) in exon 4 leading to frame shift and premature termination of translation.
Eppel Gabriela A - - 2013
In rabbits, mean arterial pressure (MAP) increases in response to fat feeding, but does not increase further with progressive weight gain. We documented the progression of adiposity and the alterations in endocrine/cardiovascular function in response to fat feeding in rabbits, to determine whether stabilization of MAP after 3 weeks could ...
Kudo Daisuke - - 2013
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is accompanied by severe lung inflammation induced by various diseases. Despite the severity of symptoms, therapeutic strategies for this pathologic condition are still poorly developed. Interferon (IFN)-α is well known as an antiviral cytokine and low-dose IFN-α has been reported to show antiinflammatory effects. Therefore, ...
Kirschner Nina - - 2013
Tight junctions (TJs) form a selective barrier for ions, water, and macromolecules in simple epithelia. In keratinocytes and epidermis, TJs were shown to be involved in individual barrier functions. The absence of the TJ protein claudin-1 (Cldn1) in mice results in a skin-barrier defect characterized by lethal water loss. However, ...
James Clara E - - 2013
Using optimized voxel-based morphometry, we performed grey matter density analyses on 59 age-, sex- and intelligence-matched young adults with three distinct, progressive levels of musical training intensity or expertise. Structural brain adaptations in musicians have been repeatedly demonstrated in areas involved in auditory perception and motor skills. However, musical activities ...
Scott Sasha M - - 2013
Objective: To assess whether the application of Functional Electrical Stimulation improves gait kinematics and walking ability in people with multiple sclerosis who experience foot drop. Design: Acute open labelled comparative observation trial. Participants: Twelve people (3 females, 9 males, EDSS 2-4) with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (47.8 years (standard deviation ...
Dhakshinamoorthy Amarajothi - - 2013
Copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) supported on diamond nanoparticles (D NPs) previously purified by Fenton treatment (Cu/D) followed by annealing with hydrogen (Cu/DH) are highly efficient and reusable heterogeneous catalysts for hydrogenation of styrene to ethylbenzene with the minimum productivity value of 30 617 cycles.
Kraus Anna Katharina - - 2013
Blocking the CD40-CD154 pathway prevents allograft rejection and induces donor-specific tolerance in various experimental models. However, the translation to clinical studies has been hampered by unexpected thromboembolic complications of CD154-blocking antibodies. Thus, blocking CD40 instead is now considered as an alternative strategy. Here, we evaluated the role of donor CD40 ...
Oliveira-Filho Aldemir B - - 2013
In this study, the prevalence, genotype frequency, and risk factors for HCV infection in 384 cocaine users were determined. One hundred twenty-four (32.3 %) cocaine users had anti-HCV antibodies and 120 (31.3 %) had HCV-RNA. Genotyping results indicated the predominance of genotypes 1 (73.3 %) and 3 (26.7 %). Multivariate analysis showed an association ...
Yan Jingyin - - 2013
Disruption of blood brain barrier (BBB) with subsequent subarachnoid contrast extravasation and cerebral edema is a rare complication of intra-arterial contrast administration. We report a patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who developed such a complication. A 63-year-old man with a history of left orbital apex syndrome on hemodialysis (HD) ...
Takayama Satoru - - 2013
PURPOSES: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery improves the cosmetic outcome after surgery. We herein report six cases of successful single-incision laparoscopic (SILS) herniorrhaphy. METHODS: Six patients, five with unilateral inguinal hernias and one with bilateral inguinal hernias, underwent SILS herniorrhaphy. A Covidien SILS port was inserted via an umbilical incision, through which ...
Yamaguchi Takanori - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal individual variations in Koch's triangle using NavX and to evaluate the efficacy of the NavX-guided slow pathway ablation. METHODS: A regional geometry around Koch's triangle was constructed in 42 consecutive patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), and a bipolar electrogram map was created ...
Bijlsma A Y - - 2013
Skeletal muscle is important in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. Sarcopenia is, therefore, a possible risk factor for insulin resistance. Currently, different diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia include low muscle mass, muscle strength, and walking speed. We assessed these muscle characteristics in relation to insulin resistance in nondiabetics. This cross-sectional study included 301 ...
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