Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 3295
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Li Cong - - 2013
Despite the many benefits of denitrifying phosphorus removal process, the significant generation of nitrous oxide (N(2)O), a potent greenhouse gas, remains a problem for this innovative and promising process. To better understand and more effectively control N(2)O generation in denitrifying phosphorus removal process, batch experiments were carried out to investigate ...
Webber Kh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term impact of portion controlled food provision in combination with an Internet behavioral weight loss program on weight, blood cholesterol, and blood glucose levels. DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty participants, mean age 46 + 10.7 years and mean body mass index 35.1 + 3.8 kg/m(2) , were ...
Shi Jian-Quan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and NLRP3 inflammasome is involved in neuroinflammation, which is closely linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vivo and in vitro studies have suggested that artemisinin shows antiinflammatory effects in inflammation-related diseases. However, the impacts of artemisinin on AD have not been investigated. ...
Marqueling Ann L - - 2013
To systematically review the literature evaluating efficacy and adverse events of propranolol treatment for infantile hemangiomas, we searched the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases for all studies examining the response of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) to propranolol published between June 12, 2008, and June 15, 2012. Forty-one studies with 1,264 patients were ...
Pavlovic Bojan - - 2013
Laryngeal precursor lesions represent areas of altered epithelium with an increased likelihood for progression to squamous cell carcinoma. The exact molecular mechanisms of malignant transformation of laryngeal mucosa are not completely clear, but are certainly due to deregulation of cell proliferation. To assess the potential value of the p16 and ...
Akao Satoshi - - 2013
Overgrowth of aquatic plants, such as water chestnut, has been reported as a regional problem in various areas. We proposed cascade utilization of water chestnut through the recovery of phenolics, phosphorus, and sugars. Phenolics were extracted using 50 g (wet weight) of biomass with 300 mL of acetone, methanol, or hot water, ...
Larsson-Callerfelt Anna-Karin - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Prostacyclin analogs are potent vasodilators and possess anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of prostacyclin on extracellular matrix (ECM) in COPD is not well known. Collagen fibrils and proteoglycans are essential ECM components in the lung and fibroblasts are key players in regulating the homeostasis of ECM proteins. The ...
Wu Vin-Cent - - 2013
Renal ischemia rapidly mobilizes endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which provides renoprotection in acute kidney injury (AKI). Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is a protein-binding uremic toxin with a potential role in endothelial injury. In this study, we examined the effects and mechanisms of action of IS on EPCs in AKI. Forty-one consecutive ...
Galjaard S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Excessive weight gain during pregnancy has an important influence on fetal growth and on weight development in future generations. DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 325 obese and non-obese Caucasian women with naturally conceived, singleton pregnancies. They were followed up until delivery for maternal weight ...
Katori Yukio - - 2013
An asymptomatic transsphenoidal meningoencephalocele was discovered incidentally by fiber laryngoscopic examination in a 62-year-old man suffering from hoarseness due to dysplasia of the vocal cord epithelium. To provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this anomaly, we performed histologic observations of paraffin-embedded specimens of 42 human fetal heads at ...
Liu Weiwei - - 2013
Despite the fact that randomization is the gold standard for estimating causal relationships, many questions in prevention science are often left to be answered through nonexperimental studies because randomization is either infeasible or unethical. While methods such as propensity score matching can adjust for observed confounding, unobserved confounding is the ...
Soeiro-de-Souza M G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Calcium channels are important for converting electrical activity into biochemical events. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs1006737) in the CACNA1C gene has been strongly associated with increased risk for Bipolar disorder (BD) in genome-wide association studies. Recently, this same SNP has been reported to influence executive function in schizophrenia ...
Wang Ping - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Weight loss helps reduce the symptoms of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the obese, but weight regain after active weight loss is common. We investigated the changes and predictive role of circulating adipokines and sex hormones for weight regain in men during dietary intervention, and also the effect of ...
Marshall G M - - 2013
Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and high minimal residual disease (MRD) levels after initial chemotherapy have a poor clinical outcome. In this prospective, single arm, Phase 2 trial, 111 Dutch and Australian children aged 1 to 18 years with newly diagnosed, t(9;22)-negative ALL, were identified among 1,041 consecutively enrolled ...
Esposito Maurizio - - 2013
In 1930, while R.A. Fisher, J.B.S. Haldane, E.B. Ford and S.G. Wright were laying the foundations of what a decade later J.S. Huxley dubbed "Modern Synthesis", E.S. Russell published a groundbreaking work, The Interpretation of Development and Heredity. In this book Russell not only condemned Mendelian genetics and neo-Darwinism, but ...
Effi Ahoua Benjamin - - 2013
The cancerous disease is a real pain in developed countries due to the ageing of the population. According to the World Report Cancer in 2000, cancer tends to be a major problem of public health in the developing nations. This study research aimed at describing the epidemiological features of cancers ...
Toyota Kentaro - - 2013
Lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG) is a hereditary disease characterized by lipoprotein thrombi in the glomerulus, hyperlipoproteinemia, and a marked increase in serum apolipoprotein E (APOE). More than 12 APOE mutations have been identified as causes of LPG, and APOE-Sendai (Arg145Pro) mutation was frequently detected in patients from the eastern part of ...
Knighton Richard C - - 2013
The dansyl fluorophore ligated to gold nanoparticles via imidazole and amine groups affords conjugates capable of detecting micromolar concentrations of the chemical warfare agent sulfur mustard by a fluorescence switching 'ON' displacement assay.
Yu Ze-Ying - - 2013
The aim of the study is to explore additional susceptibility factors for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Chinese Hans. Based on our previous GWAS of SLE, we performed a multistage replication study involving 3,152 cases and 7,050 controls from China to identify additional susceptibility loci for SLE by using the ...
Wakai Kenji - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The excessive consumption of confectionery might have adverse effects on human health. To screen genetic factors associated with confectionery-intake frequency, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in Japan. DESIGN AND METHODS: For the discovery phase (stage 1), we conducted a GWAS of 939 non-cancer patients in a cancer ...
Romanenko Lyudmila A - - 2013
A novel bacterial strain Sl 79(T) was isolated from a deep surface sediment sample obtained from the Sea of Japan and investigated by phenotypic and molecular methods. The bacterium Sl 79(T) was Gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, spore-forming, motile and able to form two different types of colonies. It contained the major ...
Ong Stephanie W - - 2013
New healthcare delivery models are needed to enhance the patient experience and improve quality of care for individuals with chronic conditions such as kidney disease. One potential avenue is to implement self-management strategies. There is growing evidence that self-management interventions help optimize various aspects of chronic disease management. With the ...
Binanti D - - 2013
Congenital anomalies in horses are very rare, and contracted foal syndrome is one of the most commonly reported. This malformation is characterized by contraction of the joints of the forelimbs and/or hindlimbs. In addition, the syndrome can be characterized by vertebral column malformations, such as scoliosis or torticollis, and cranial ...
Yip Shea Ping - - 2013
PURPOSE: Myopia is a complex eye disorder. The X-linked form of complete congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB1A) is usually associated with moderate to high myopia, and is caused by mutations in the NYX gene. We explored if NYX mutations could be associated with high myopia, but not CSNB1A. METHODS: The ...
Patil Vijaya - - 2013
Cronkhite-Canada syndrome (CCS) is a rare syndrome first described in 1955. Since then, over 400 cases worldwide have been reported in the literature. The disease is characterized by diffuse gastrointestinal polyposis, dystrophic changes of the fingernails, alopecia, cutaneous hyperpigmentation, diarrhea, weight loss, and abdominal pain. An autoimmune etiology is suspected. ...
Levy Tal J - - 2013
The dynamics of correlated electrons in quantum impurity models is typically described within the nonequilibrium Green function formalism combined with a suitable approximation. One common approach is based on the equation-of-motion technique often used to describe different regimes of the dynamic response. Here, we show that this approach may violate ...
Lamper Timea - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the performance of accelerating procedures for bonding of orthodontic brackets in vitro by comparing different adhesives (etch-and-rinse, self-etch) and polymerization procedures (curing devices, time). The performance was characterized by three parameters: (1) the bond strength achieved, (2) the incidence of enamel damage, and (3) ...
Milos Veronica - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy in the Swedish elderly population is currently a prioritised area of research with a focus on reducing the use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs). Multi-professional interventions have previously been tested for their ability to improve drug therapy in frail elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess a ...
Storchak Vyacheslav G - - 2013
Materials that exhibit colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) have attracted much attention due to their potential technological applications. One particularly interesting model for the magnetoresistance of low-carrier-density ferromagnets involves mediation by magnetic polarons (MP)-electrons localized in nanoscale ferromagnetic 'droplets' by their exchange interaction. However, MP have not previously been directly detected and ...
Correia Patrícia - - 2013
Musks are synthetic fragrances applied on personal care and household products as fixatives, by retarding the release of other fragrances with higher volatility. Galaxolide is the most used polycyclic musk since the 90(th) decade, and it has been detected in several environmental and biological matrices, particularly in human tissues and ...
Kok Rianne - - 2013
The goal of this study is to clarify the relation between maternal sensitivity and internalizing problems during the preschool period. For this purpose, a longitudinal, bidirectional model was tested in two large prospective, population-based cohorts, the Generation R Study and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study ...
Eguía-Aguilar Pilar - - 2013
OBJECTS: The protein 300 (p300) and p300/CBP-binding protein-associated factor (PCAF) are enzymes with histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity, a function that can become deregulated in different tumors and affect biological responses. METHODS: Due to the lack of information on the deregulation of these HATs in pediatric tumors, this study evaluated the ...
Martín M - - 2013
Patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have a defect in the differentiation of bone marrow multipotent progenitor cells. Thrombocytopenia in MDS patients may be due to premature megakaryocyte death, but platelet apoptotic mechanisms may also occur. This study aimed to study function and apoptotic state of platelets from MDS patients with ...
Chen Can - - 2013
The breakthrough in derivation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) provides an approach that may help overcome ethical and allogeneic challenges posed in numerous medical applications involving human cells, including neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs). Considering the great potential of NSCs in targeted cancer gene therapy, we investigated in the ...
Albu Camelia - - 2013
The natural methyl donor group, S-adenosylmethionine and its product, S-adenosylhomocysteine play an important role in many biochemical reactions involving transmethylation reactions. These compounds can be used as biomarkers in incipient diagnosis of various pathological disorders therefore the validation of a suitable method to routinely analysis of these compounds is very ...
Raval J S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Changes that occur to red blood cells (RBCs) during routine blood bank storage include decreased deformability, increased haemolysis and oxidative damage. Oxidative injury to the RBC membrane and haemoglobin can affect changes in shape and deformability. Ascorbic acid (AA) is an antioxidant that maintains haemoglobin in a reduced state ...
Khanduja Sumeet - - 2013
To investigate the effectiveness of a new technique for the identification of occult retinal breaks in retinal redetachment after removal of silicone oil endotamponade. The technique involves injection of subretinal dye and extrusion through the unidentified breaks. A prospective interventional case series. Main outcome measures were rate of break detection, ...
Andrade D C M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of three orthodontic treatment modalities for agenesis of maxillary lateral incisors: 1) closing the space with the reshaped canine substituting the lateral incisor, 2) opening the space with placement of a conventional fixed bridge, and 3) opening the space with placement of a ...
Kiwuwa Mpungu Steven - - 2013
Diversity in parasite virulence is one of the factors that contribute to the clinical outcome of malaria infections. The association between the severity of Plasmodium falciparum malaria and the number of distinct parasite populations infecting the host (multiplicity of infection) or polymorphism within any of the specific antigen genes was ...
Poggioli Raffaella - - 2013
Objective: To investigate how long-term treatment with dexamethasone affects energy expenditure and adiposity in mice and whether this is influenced by feeding on a high fat diet (HFD). Design and Methods: Mice were placed on a HFD for 2 weeks and started on dexamethasone at 5mg/kg every other day during ...
Wu Longhhua - - 2013
Land use in east China tends to change from paddy rice to vegetables or other high-value cash crops, resulting in high input rates of organic manures and increased risk of contamination with both heavy metals (HMs) and antibiotics. This investigation was conducted to determine the accumulation, distribution and risks of ...
Kim Tae-Rae - - 2013
A set of grid type knowledge-based energy functions is introduced for ϕ-χ(1) , ψ-χ(1) , ϕ-ψ, and χ(1) -χ(2) torsion angle combinations. Boltzmann distribution is assumed for the torsion angle populations from protein X-ray structures, and the functions are named as statistical torsion angle potential (STAP) energy functions. The grid ...
Logan Theodore F - - 2013
Papillary renal cell cancer (RCC) constitutes approximately 10 % of renal cancers and is the commonest form after clear cell RCC, which accounts for approximately 75 % of cases. Until recently, most clinical trials in RCC were open to patients of all histologic types. Very recent clinical trials have been performed predominately ...
Vakhshiteh Faezeh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The successful isolation, purification, and culture of caprine islets has recently been reported. The present study shows arange of size distribution in caprine islet diameter from 50 to 250 μm, in which 80% of the total islet yield was comprised of small islets. METHODS: Caprine islets were isolated and purified. ...
Habib E E - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective, phase II clinical study is to evaluate the activity of gemcitabine and cisplatin in comparison to pemetrexed and carboplatin in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients were recruited from May 2008 to May 2011. One group included 21 cases who ...
Hoenig Margarethe - - 2013
Obese cats show many similarities to obese people, including insulin resistance and an increased diabetes risk. However, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease are not seen in cats. In people, they are associated with the development of an inflammatory response, which, we hypothesized, does not occur in cats. Twenty neutered cats of ...
Shaikh I - - 2013
AIMS: The aims of this study were to compare same day discharges and early complications after open and laparoscopic primary paraumbilical hernia (PUH) repair, including the procedures performed by surgical trainees (STs). METHODS: All patients who had open (suture or mesh) and laparoscopic repair of primary PUH in the Day ...
Rakers Sebastian - - 2013
Mammalian and fish skin share protective activities against environments that are rich in infectious agents. Fish epidermis is endowed with an extrinsic barrier consisting of a mucus layer and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). These operate together as a protective chemical shield. As these AMPs are evolutionarily well preserved and also found ...
Fuertes Valeria C - - 2013
Optical properties of TiO(2) nanoclusters (with more than 30 TiO(2) units) were calculated within a fully atomistic quantum dynamic framework. We use a time dependent tight-binding model to describe the electronic structure of TiO(2) nanoclusters in order to compute their optical properties. We present calculated absorption spectra for a series ...
Horii Naoko - - 2013
The aim of this study was to obtain basic data about the support for life adjustment in lung cancer patients in Japan. We identified factors that affect life adjustment in people with lung cancer, developed a model for life adjustment support of lung cancer patients, and investigated its validity. A ...
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