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Results 351 - 400 of 3309
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Hyland Rachael M RM Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2013
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and infantile hemangiomas are vascular disorders that may share common mechanisms. This study examined a potential clinical association between these disorders in populations of preterm infants at two hospitals in the USA and Hungary. Clinically collected data from infants with gestational ages less than 32 weeks ...
Siconolfi Daniel E - - 2013
The prevalence of HIV among adults 50 and older in the USA is increasing as a result of improvements in treatment and detection of HIV infection. Substance use by this population has implications for physical and mental health outcomes. We examined patterns of demographics, mental health, and recent substance use ...
Lampe Christina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To analyse diagnostic value of somato-sensory evoked potentials (SEP), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and clinical neurological examination in the decision for decompression surgery in mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) VI patients with craniocervical cord compression (CCJ). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed neurological examination, SEP of the median nerve and MRI outcomes from 31 ...
Sentchilo Vladimir - - 2013
Plasmids have long been recognized as an important driver of DNA exchange and genetic innovation in prokaryotes. The success of plasmids has been attributed to their independent replication from the host's chromosome and their frequent self-transfer. It is thought that plasmids accumulate, rearrange and distribute nonessential genes, which may provide ...
Chooi Kar Mun - - 2013
Partial genomic sequences of two divergent grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) variants, NZ1-B and NZ2, from New Zealand were determined and analysed (11,827 nt and 7,612 nt, respectively). At the nucleotide level, both variants are more than 20 % different from the previously published GLRaV-3 sequences, from phylogenetic groups 1 to ...
Fischer Benedikt - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) and prescription opioid (PO) related harms have become major substance use and public health problems in North America, the region with the world's highest PO use levels. In Ontario, Canada's most populous province, NMPOU rates, PO-related treatment admissions and accidental mortality have risen ...
Wong Dominic W S - - 2013
A feruloyl esterase (FAE) gene was isolated from a rumen microbial metagenome, cloned into E. coli, and expressed in active form. The enzyme (RuFae2) was identified as a type C feruloyl esterase. The RuFae2 alone released ferulic acid from rice bran, wheat bran, wheat-insoluble arabinoxylan, corn fiber, switchgrass, and corn ...
Dave Abhishek - - 2013
To study the prevalence and systemic control and evaluate the adequacy of therapy of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HT) in glaucoma patients visiting a tertiary care eye facility at a university hospital. Consecutive cases with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) or primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) attending the outpatient services were ...
Mutlu Gül Yesiltepe - - 2013
We present a 10-year-old girl with typical clinical features of H syndrome. Complete agenesis of the inferior vena cava was found on echocardiography and radiologic studies. Mutation analysis of the SLC29A3 gene revealed a novel nonsense mutation. This unique case extends the clinical and mutation spectrum associated with H syndrome ...
Kim Kyung Won - - 2013
Ipilimumab is a novel immunomodulator demonstrating promising efficacy in treatment of melanoma and other cancers. The clinical benefit from ipilimumab can be hampered by the immure-related adverse events (irAEs) caused by dysregulation of host immune system. Ipilimumab associated hepatitis is also an important irAE, however, there have been limited descriptions ...
Stok F Marijn - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: While healthy eating patterns are of high importance in adolescence, most adolescents portray quite unhealthy eating behaviour. One reason for this may be that social norms among peers tend to be unsupportive of healthy eating. The current study investigates whether communicating health-promoting descriptive and injunctive norms influences adolescents' intended ...
Chitty Lyn S LS Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, University College London, UK. - - 2013
To improve the prenatal diagnosis of thanatophoric dysplasia by defining the change in fetal size across gestation and the frequency of sonographic features, and developing non-invasive molecular genetic diagnosis based on cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal plasma. Fetuses with a confirmed diagnosis of thanatophoric dysplasia were ascertained, records reviewed, ...
Logan Theodore F - - 2013
Papillary renal cell cancer (RCC) constitutes approximately 10 % of renal cancers and is the commonest form after clear cell RCC, which accounts for approximately 75 % of cases. Until recently, most clinical trials in RCC were open to patients of all histologic types. Very recent clinical trials have been performed predominately ...
Vakhshiteh Faezeh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The successful isolation, purification, and culture of caprine islets has recently been reported. The present study shows arange of size distribution in caprine islet diameter from 50 to 250 μm, in which 80% of the total islet yield was comprised of small islets. METHODS: Caprine islets were isolated and purified. ...
Habib E E - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective, phase II clinical study is to evaluate the activity of gemcitabine and cisplatin in comparison to pemetrexed and carboplatin in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients were recruited from May 2008 to May 2011. One group included 21 cases who ...
Hoenig Margarethe - - 2013
Obese cats show many similarities to obese people, including insulin resistance and an increased diabetes risk. However, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease are not seen in cats. In people, they are associated with the development of an inflammatory response, which, we hypothesized, does not occur in cats. Twenty neutered cats of ...
Shaikh I - - 2013
AIMS: The aims of this study were to compare same day discharges and early complications after open and laparoscopic primary paraumbilical hernia (PUH) repair, including the procedures performed by surgical trainees (STs). METHODS: All patients who had open (suture or mesh) and laparoscopic repair of primary PUH in the Day ...
Rakers Sebastian - - 2013
Mammalian and fish skin share protective activities against environments that are rich in infectious agents. Fish epidermis is endowed with an extrinsic barrier consisting of a mucus layer and antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). These operate together as a protective chemical shield. As these AMPs are evolutionarily well preserved and also found ...
Fuertes Valeria C - - 2013
Optical properties of TiO(2) nanoclusters (with more than 30 TiO(2) units) were calculated within a fully atomistic quantum dynamic framework. We use a time dependent tight-binding model to describe the electronic structure of TiO(2) nanoclusters in order to compute their optical properties. We present calculated absorption spectra for a series ...
Horii Naoko - - 2013
The aim of this study was to obtain basic data about the support for life adjustment in lung cancer patients in Japan. We identified factors that affect life adjustment in people with lung cancer, developed a model for life adjustment support of lung cancer patients, and investigated its validity. A ...
Carlberg Valerie M - - 2013
Osteopetrosis, lymphedema, hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, and immunodeficiency (OL-HED-ID) is a rare X-linked disorder with only three reported prior cases in the English-language literature. We describe a case of OL-HED-ID in a male infant who initially presented with congenital lymphedema, leukocytosis, and thrombocytopenia of unknown etiology at 7 days of age. He ...
Bogaerts Annick F L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe weight status of obese mothers six months after delivery, and examine its potential relationship to important socio-demographical, behavioural and psychological variables. DESIGN AND METHODS: Postpartum data from an interventional trial in obese pregnant women (n=197), conducted in three regional hospitals in the Belgian Flanders, between ...
Scott Tracy - - 2013
Access to education, communication, and support is essential for achieving and maintaining a skilled healthcare workforce. Delivering affordable and accessible continuing education for healthcare providers in rural, remote, and isolated First Nation communities is challenging due to barriers such as geography, isolation, costs, and staff shortages. The innovative use of ...
Minhas Riaz Aziz - - 2013
Grey langurs (Semnopithecus spp.) occupy a variety of habitats, ranging from lowland forests and semi-desert to alpine forests. Little is known about their foraging and ranging in alpine forests, which appear to contain less food than lowland forests. We conducted a 1-year study of Himalayan grey langurs (Semnopithecus ajax) in ...
Liu Jiankang - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relative association of abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) with cardiometabolic risk factors between African and European Americans. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 2035 African Americans from Jackson Heart Study (JHS) and 3170 European Americans from Framingham Heart Study (FHS) who underwent computed ...
Yamada Keita - - 2013
A method is proposed for the analysis of O-glycans as 9-fluorenylmethyl (Fmoc) derivatives. After releasing the O-glycans from the protein backbone in the presence of ammonia-based media, the glycosylamines thus formed are conveniently labeled with Fmoc-Cl, and analyzed by HPLC and MALDI-TOF MS after easy purification. Fmoc labeled O-glycans showed ...
Esrafili Mehdi D - - 2013
A density functional theory study was carried out to predict the electrostatic potentials as well as average local ionization energies on both the outer and the inner surfaces of carbon, boron-nitride (BN), boron-phosphide (BP) and silicon-carbide (SiC) single-walled nanotubes. For each nanotube, the effect of tube radius on the surface ...
Haegeman Bart B Centre for Biodiversity Theory and Modelling, Experimental Ecology Station, Centre National de Recherche Scientifique, Moulis, France. - - 2013
Quantifying diversity is of central importance for the study of structure, function and evolution of microbial communities. The estimation of microbial diversity has received renewed attention with the advent of large-scale metagenomic studies. Here, we consider what the diversity observed in a sample tells us about the diversity of the ...
Aström Christofer - - 2013
Dengue fever is the most important viral vector-borne disease with ~50 million cases per year globally. Previous estimates of the potential effect of global climate change on the distribution of vector-borne disease have not incorporated the effect of socioeconomic factors, which may have biased the results. We describe an empirical ...
Eid Noura M S - - 2013
Date Palm (Pheonix dactylifera) fruit contain an array of polyphenols, although how these levels alter with cultivar type and fruit ripening is unclear. Utilising HPLC and LC-ESI-MS/MS, we define and quantify an array of hydroxybenzoic acids, hydroxycinnamic acids and flavonoids in three common cultivars of Dates (Ajwa, Barni and Khalas) ...
Mosnier Isabelle - - 2013
The objective of this study was to measure performance benefits obtained by upgrading recipients of the Cochlear™ Nucleus(®) CI24 cochlear implant to the new CP810™ sound processor. Speech recognition in quiet and in spatially separated noise was measured in established users of the Cochlear ESPrit 3G™ (n = 22) and Freedom™ (n = 13) ...
Santamarina-Albertos Alba - - 2013
Circumscribed acral hypokeratosis (CAH) is a rare dermatosis that typically appears as well-dermarcated erythema with a scaly border on the palms or soles of middle-age patients. A pediatric case of CAH has been recently reported in a 10-year-old boy affecting the medial foot since birth. In this report we describe ...
Ikehata Hironobu - - 2013
UVR causes erythema, which has been used as a standardized index to evaluate the risk of UVR for human skin. However, the genotoxic significance of erythema has not been elucidated clearly. Here, we characterized the wavelength dependence of the genotoxic and erythematic effects of UVR for the skin by analyzing ...
Kumbhar Bajarang V - - 2013
Conformational preferences of modified nucleoside, N(4)-acetylcytidine, ac(4)C have been investigated using quantum chemical semi-empirical RM1 method. Automated geometry optimization using PM3 method along with ab initio methods HF SCF (6-31G**), and density functional theory (DFT; B3LYP/6-31G**) have also been made to compare the salient features. The most stable conformation of ...
Gold Avram R - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: A test of the hypothesis that upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) patients have an increased prevalence of inspiratory airflow limitation (IFL) during sleep compared to healthy controls. METHODS: We compared inspiratory airflow dynamics during sleep between 12 UARS patients (nine females and three males) and 12 healthy controls matched ...
Schley Marcus - - 2013
The nerve fibres underlying histamine-induced itch have not been fully elucidated. We blocked the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and mapped the skin area unresponsive to mechanical stimulation, but still sensitive to electrically induced pain. Nerve block induced significantly larger anaesthetic areas to mechanical (100 mN pin-prick, 402 ± 61 cm²; brush, 393 ± 63 ...
Agari Yoshihiro - - 2013
SbtR is one of the four TetR family transcriptional regulators present in the extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus HB8. We identified 10 genes controlled by four promoters with negative regulation by SbtR in vitro. The SbtR-regulated gene products include probable transporters, probable enzymes for sugar or amino acid metabolism, and ...
Kaya Nazife - - 2013
Reactive Green 19 was covalently immobilized onto magnetic nanostructures for purification of alcohol dehydrogenase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The Reactive Green 19 immobilized magnetic nanostructures were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, electron spin resonance, atomic force microscope, and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Particle size of nanostructures was found to be ...
Ferrenberg Scott S Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0450, - - 2013
Although recent work has shown that both deterministic and stochastic processes are important in structuring microbial communities, the factors that affect the relative contributions of niche and neutral processes are poorly understood. The macrobiological literature indicates that ecological disturbances can influence assembly processes. Thus, we sampled bacterial communities at 4 ...
Esmon Charles T - - 2013
Inflammatory cytokines promote the activation of coagulation through the induction of tissue factor, downregulation of thrombomodulin and upregulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor. In addition to these mechanisms, infections can trigger the release of extracellular traps from leukocytes consisting of DNA and histones. Tissue injury results in release of nucleosomes. Either ...
Ellepola Arjuna N B - - 2013
Adherence of Candida has been implicated as the initial process in the pathogenesis of oral candidosis. Candidal germ tubes and its relative cell-surface hydrophobicity (CSH) are contributory attributes. Candida dubliniensis is currently documented as an opportunistic pathogen allied with recurrent oral candidosis. Oral candidosis can be treated with polyene and ...
Lass-Flörl Cornelia - - 2013
Aspergillus is a saprophytic fungus, which mainly becomes pathogenic in immunosuppressed hosts. A failure of host defences results in a diverse set of illnesses, ranging from chronic colonisation, aspergilloma, invasive disease and hypersensitivity. A key concept in immune responses to Aspergillus species is that host susceptibility determines the morphological form, ...
James P D PD Department of Medicine, Etherington Hall, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, - - 2013
Since the cloning of the gene that encodes von Willebrand factor (VWF), 27 years ago, significant progress has been made in our understanding of the molecular basis of the most common inherited bleeding disorder, von Willebrand disease (VWD). The molecular pathology of this condition represents a range of genetic mechanisms, some ...
Li Cong - - 2013
Despite the many benefits of denitrifying phosphorus removal process, the significant generation of nitrous oxide (N(2)O), a potent greenhouse gas, remains a problem for this innovative and promising process. To better understand and more effectively control N(2)O generation in denitrifying phosphorus removal process, batch experiments were carried out to investigate ...
Hasegawa Akihiko - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) degeneration is observed in most osteoarthritis (OA)-affected knee joints. However, the specific spatial and temporal relationship of these changes and their association with extracellular matrix (ECM) degeneration are not well understood. The objective of this study was to characterize the patterns and relationships of ...
Webber Kh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term impact of portion controlled food provision in combination with an Internet behavioral weight loss program on weight, blood cholesterol, and blood glucose levels. DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty participants, mean age 46 + 10.7 years and mean body mass index 35.1 + 3.8 kg/m(2) , were ...
Storan Eoin R - - 2013
Data describing the management of pediatric patients admitted to a hospital under the care of a dermatologist and dermatology hospital consults for pediatric inpatients are limited. We aim to describe the role of an inpatient hospital service jointly run by dermatology and pediatrics and the activities of a pediatric dermatology ...
Zhang Fan - - 2013
Six kinds of Bifidobacterium bifidum microcapsules were prepared by extrusion methods, emulsion methods and coacervation methods. Effects of preparation methods on the survival of encapsulated B. bifidum were examined. Results showed that microcapsules prepared by emulsion method with alginate and chitosan exhibited the best protection for B. bifidum. The diameter ...
Liu Jian-Ye - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the significance of tumor location and superficial urothelial bladder carcinoma (UBC) history on oncological outcomes in patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for ureteral urothelial carcinoma (UC). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two patients treated with RNU for ureteral UC between January 1999 and July 2010 were retrospectively ...
Riedl T - - 2013
In this article we study the elemental distribution and solute solubility in nanocrystalline alloys of immiscible components near restricted equilibrium for the case of the binary Cu-Ag system. As predicted from thermodynamic considerations, a grain boundary segregated monophase alloy is observed in the annealed mechanically alloyed state for low Ag ...
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