Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 3309
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Budinger Eike - - 2013
We investigated the frequency-related topography of connections of the primary auditory cortical field (AI) in the Mongolian gerbil with subcortical structures of the auditory system by means of the axonal transport of two bidirectional tracers, which were simultaneoulsy injected into regions of AI with different best frequencies (BFs). We found ...
Spoth Richard - - 2013
Considering the prevalence and consequences of health-risking sexual behaviors (HRSBs) and STDs among young adults, their prevention is a public health priority. Emerging etiological and prevention outcome literatures suggested study of the long-term effects of universal family-focused interventions on young adult HRSBs and STDs. Although earlier studies have demonstrated intervention ...
Autier Philippe - - 2013
PURPOSE: Chronic hyperinsulinemia may play a role in breast cancer etiology. We performed a meta-analysis examining whether serum concentrations of insulin and C-peptide are associated with increased breast cancer risk. METHODS: We restricted our analyses to prospective studies. After a systematic literature search, we computed summary relative risks (SRRs) and ...
Ilie Nicoleta - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to analyse whether the irradiation time and/or the modulation of irradiation time influence the degree of conversion (DC) and the amount of elutable substances from modern nano-hybrid resin-based composites (RBCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The DC was recorded in real time for 5 min by ...
Kim Sang Jeong - - 2013
Cerebellar long-term depression (LTD) is induced by repetitive pairing of both synaptic inputs provided by climbing fibers (CFs) and parallel fibers (PFs), especially when CF stimulation followed by burst of PFs. Metabotropic glutamate receptor type 1 (mGluR1)-dependent signaling in Purkinje cells is critically involved in the induction of cerebellar LTD. ...
Stalder Jean-Francois - - 2013
Therapeutic patient education (TPE) has proven effective in increasing treatment adherence and improving quality of life (QoL) for patients with numerous chronic diseases, especially atopic dermatitis (AD). This study was undertaken to identify worldwide TPE experiences in AD treatment. Experts from 23 hospitals, located in 11 countries, responded to a ...
Izvekova Galina I - - 2013
The activities of major digestive hydrolases (proteases, amylase, lipase and esterases) along the intestine were studied in the burbot Lota lota (L.) using different methods of activity expression. The enzyme activities were determined both in the whole gut segments and in the isolated mucosa, and then expressed in terms of ...
Zamolo Valeria Anna - - 2013
Carbon nanotubes have generated great expectations in the scientific arena, mainly due to their spectacular properties, which include a high aspect ratio, high strain resistance, and high strength, along with high conductivities. Nowadays, carbon nanotubes are produced by a variety of methods, each of them with advantages and disadvantages. Once ...
Stoy Paul C - - 2013
Most models of photosynthetic activity assume that temperature is the dominant control over physiological processes. Recent studies have found, however, that photoperiod is a better descriptor than temperature of the seasonal variability of photosynthetic physiology at the leaf scale. Incorporating photoperiodic control into global models consequently improves their representation of ...
Chitra Loganathan - - 2013
The peripheral anionic site (PAS) of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is involved in amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides aggregation of Alzheimer's disease (AD). AChE exhibits an aryl acylamidase (AAA) activity along with the well known esterase activity. Numerous studies have reported the beneficiary effect of metal chelators in AD treatment. Hence, a comparative ...
Mitjans Marina - - 2013
RATIONALE: The endocannabinoid system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of major depression (MD) as well as in the mediation of antidepressant drug effects. OBJECTIVES: To analyze CNR1 gene variants in MD and clinical response to citalopram (selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors [SSRI]). METHODS: The role of CNR1 gene (rs806368, rs1049353, ...
Kato Takao - - 2013
We report 2 cases of reversible ventricular hypertrophy in patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy (stress-induced cardiomyopathy) during recovery of cardiac function. The first case involved a 72-year-old woman who presented with cerebral infarction. On admission, an elevated troponin I and decreased apical wall motion were observed with normal myocardial perfusion imaging. ...
Ogura Kaoru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cancer in sclerosing adenosis includes the following 2 types: cancer genuinely arising from sclerosing adenosis and cancer arising near a sclerosing adenosis lesion and infiltrating into it. This study aimed to elucidate the features of the former by comparing both types. METHODS: This study included 28 lesions in 27 ...
Vermaete Nele - - 2013
Fatigue is one of the most common and most distressing problems in lymphoma patients. A vicious circle is presumed between fatigue, physical activity and physical fitness. It is plausible that an exercise training program would be effective in reducing fatigue, by breaking this vicious circle. The purposes of this review ...
Mahatha S K - - 2013
In-plane dispersions of quantum well (QW) states originating from the electron confinement of Ag sp electrons within the MoS(2) band gap region are investigated by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). A number of QW resonances have been observed in the ARPES spectra in a binding energy range lying outside ...
Bloomfield G S - - 2013
The relationship between blood pressure (BP) and kidney function among individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains controversial. This study evaluated the association between BP and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline among adults with nondiabetic stage 3 CKD. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis participants with an eGFR 30-59 ml min(-1) per ...
Xu Dongwei - - 2013
We propose using disorder to produce a field effect transistor (FET) in biased bilayer and trilayer graphene. Modulation of the bias voltage can produce large variations in the conductance when the effects of disorder are confined to only one of the graphene layers. This effect is based on the ability ...
Bryant R A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Many patients do not adhere to or benefit from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This randomized controlled trial evaluates the extent to which preparing patients with emotion regulation skills prior to CBT enhances treatment outcome. Method A total of 70 adult civilian patients with PTSD ...
Altuna Ane - - 2013
While novel influential concepts in neuroscience bring the focus to local activities generated within a few tens of cubic micrometers in the brain, we are still devoid of appropriate tools to record and manipulate pharmacologically neuronal activity at this fine scale. Here we designed, fabricated and encapsulated microprobes for simultaneous ...
Giebler Julia - - 2013
Alkane degrading bacteria were isolated from uncontaminated soil microcosms, which had been incubated with maize litter as natural alkane source. The isolates served to understand spatio-temporal community changes at the soil-litter interface, which had been detected using alkB as a functional marker gene for bacterial alkane degraders. To obtain a ...
Kamiya Kouhei - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate whether the image quality of virtual monochromatic spectral imaging with fast kVp switching dual-energy CT (DECT) can be comparable to that of 120-kVp single-energy CT (SECT) without increasing the radiation dose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified 15 postoperative patients who had undergone both ...
Walter Maggie C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Dysferlinopathies are autosomal recessive disorders caused by mutations in the dysferlin (DYSF) gene encoding the dysferlin protein. DYSF mutations lead to a wide range of muscular phenotypes, with the most prominent being Miyoshi myopathy (MM) and limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B (LGMD2B). METHODS: We assessed the one-year-natural ...
Ramamurthy Senthil - - 2013
We introduce the concept, benefits, and general architecture for acquiring, storing, and displaying digital photographs along with medical imaging examinations. We also discuss a specific implementation built around an Android-based system for simultaneously acquiring digital photographs along with portable radiographs. By an innovative application of radiofrequency identification technology to radiographic ...
Ivanišević Ivana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common postoperative complication following cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. New biomarkers to identify patients with early AKI (before increases in serum creatinine) are needed to facilitate appropriate treatment. This study aimed to test the role of urinary liver fatty-acid-binding protein (L-FABP) as an early ...
Li Liping - - 2013
Abstract Objective-To determine the role of invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells in infection-associated pregnancy loss. Methods-B6 and iNKT cell-deficient Jα18(-/-) mice were injected i.p. with LPS or vehicle, and pregnancy outcomes were examined. Decidual iNKT cell expression of CD69 and intracellular cytokine production were analyzed. Mouse decidual iNKT cells ...
Vasconcelos E Sa Debora - - 2013
PURPOSE: High expressed emotion (high-EE), as compared with low-EE, relatives of patients with long-term psychosis may behave in a more controlling manner towards patients. Furthermore, higher levels of behavioural control have been associated with higher relapse rates. We investigated in a recent-onset sample, the extent to which high-EE relatives engage ...
Yu Lin - - 2013
A novel and efficient Cu-promoted decarboxylative direct C3-acylation of N-substituted indoles with α-oxocarboxylic acids for the synthesis of 3-acylindoles was developed.
Miao Zhimin - - 2013
To investigate whether the hypothermia induced by Adenosine 5'-Monophosphate (5'-AMP) could attenuate early stage injury in a rat acute gouty arthritis model. Ankle joint injection with monosodium urate monohydrate crystals (MSU crystals) in hypothermia rat model which was induced by 5'-AMP and then observe whether hypothermia induced by 5'-AMP could ...
Das Diganta Kumar - - 2013
The fluorescence intensity of salicylaldehyde phenylhydrazone (L), in 1:1 (v/v) CH(3)OH:H(2)O was enhanced by ca. 100 times with a blue shift in emission maximum, on interaction with Pb(2+) ion. No enhancement in fluorescent intensity of L was observed on interaction with metal ions - Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), Cu(2+), Ni(2+), Zn(2+), ...
Neto João Cabas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite the use of many different strategies and techniques and notwithstanding recent advances such as fibrin glue and short scar operations, hematoma remains the most common complication in rhytidectomies. METHODS: This study analyzed 383 patients who underwent cervicofacial rhytidectomies between September 2006 and March 2012. The patients were distributed ...
Ondrejkovic P - - 2013
The ferroelectric phase transition in a semiconductor Sn(2)P(2)S(6) single crystal has been studied by means of high-resolution synchrotron x-ray diffraction in the pressure-temperature range where an incommensurate modulated phase has been anticipated for many years. In contrast with the predictions, the present measurements reveal only a direct ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition ...
Comasco Erika - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Adipocytokines participate in the regulation of glucose metabolism and foetal development. The transcription factor activating protein 2B (TFAP2β) has been associated with adipocytokine regulation, and gene variations with type 2 diabetes and obesity. This study investigated associations between maternal TFAP2B variation, adipocytokines levels and maternal and neonatal anthropometric characteristics. ...
Delaune D - - 2013
We report a secondary case of rifampicin-resistant meningococcal disease and our experience in managing contact cases. Rifampicin resistance resulting from rpoB gene mutations is still uncommon enough that changing the current recommendations for chemoprophylaxis is unwarranted. However, ensuring limited but appropriate chemoprophylaxis may prevent the development of antimicrobial resistance. Thus, ...
Zhao Xuhua - - 2013
DNAzymes have been widely applied as signal amplifiers for enzyme-free and highly sensitive detection of DNA. A few of them have also been employed for amplified detection of other biomolecules via a target-triggered assembly of split or mutated DNAzyme strategy. However, most of these designs adopt Mg2+-dependent DNAzyme as catalytic ...
Chen I-Chun - - 2013
Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of virus infections can be induced by subneutralizing concentrations of specific antibodies. We recently demonstrated ADE in human monocytes infected with enterovirus 71 (EV71). The current study was designed to extend these observations by determining the effect of ADE on the pathogenesis of EV71 infection in newborn ...
Persson K - - 2013
AIM: At the extremes of latitude, UVB intensity is insufficient for adequate vitamin D synthesis in winter. Fatty fish, vitamin D enriched milk, margarine and eggs are main dietary sources of vitamin D. Their elimination may increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency. The aim was to assess vitamin D ...
Dasgupta Paramita - - 2013
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer survivors are at risk of dying from other causes including comorbidities and second malignancies. This study was undertaken to identify demographic and clinical predictors of cancer-specific and competing causes of mortality. METHODS: The crude probabilities of mortality attributed to colorectal cancer, other cancers, and non-cancer causes were ...
Murakami Tomoaki - - 2013
Despite the apparently successful surgical repair of aortic coarctation, subsequent cardiovascular complications have sometimes been encountered. Aortic pressure wave reflection is one of the risk factors for developing cardiovascular diseases, and an enhancement of the pressure wave reflection has been reported in patients after aortic arch repair. To clarify this ...
Sugano Yukinori - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in choroidal thickness adjacent to the area of laser application after photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. METHODS: Masked observers measured the choroidal thickness at the subfovea and superior, inferior and temporal areas adjacent ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the role of first trimester ultrasound in predicting the outcome in twin pregnancies is conflicting. The aim of this study is to determine the association between crown-rump length (CRL) discordance and adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective study of all twin ...
Song Wenjing - - 2013
The fruit of Alpinia oxyphylla, known as Yizhi, Yakuchi and Ikji in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, respectively, has been utilized as an important drug for the treatment of diarrhea, dyspepsia, spermatorrhea, kidney asthenia and abdominal pain in East Asian traditional medicine for thousands of years. Since the therapeutic effects of ...
de Pinho Lucinéia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of RAS components and SIRTs enzymes in the adipose tissue of mice fed diets with different macronutrient composition. DESIGN AND METHODS: The body weight, food intake, and energy intake (kcal) were evaluated. Blood parameters (insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance, ...
Carballo Juan J - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the role that birth order, sibship size and family structure have as risk factors in the development of common childhood mental disorders. METHOD: A case-control study design was conducted (N = 16,823). The group under study consisted of all those subjects who had ...
Frank Jeremy A - - 2013
Bacteriophages encode auxiliary metabolic genes that support more efficient phage replication. For example, cyanophages carry several genes to maintain host photosynthesis throughout infection, shuttling the energy and reducing power generated away from carbon fixation and into anabolic pathways. Photodamage to the D1/D2 proteins at the core of photosystem II necessitates ...
Bhutta Mahmood F - - 2013
Collection of saliva for DNA extraction has created new opportunities to recruit participants from the community for genetic association studies. However, sample return rates are variable. No prior study has specifically addressed how study design impacts sample return. Using data from three large-scale genetic association studies we compared recruitment strategy ...
Seng S - - 2013
Background: Hairy polyps are rare congenital growths of the head and neck, mainly found in the nasopharynx and oropharynx. They are made up of two germ cell layers: the ectoderm and mesoderm. Methods: This paper reports a four-month-old who presented with breathing and feeding difficulties. Clinical examination was unremarkable, but ...
Steigedal Tonje S - - 2013
The peptide hormone gastrin is an important factor for the maintenance and homeostasis of the gastric mucosa. We show that gastrin stimulates proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in the human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line AGS-G(R). Furthermore, we demonstrate that the MAPK scaffold protein MEK partner 1 (MP1) is important for ...
Triadó-Margarit Xavier - - 2013
We analyzed the genetic diversity (18S rRNA gene) of planktonic microbial eukaryotes in 34 different coastal and inland saline ponds. A wide range of environmental conditions was covered with up to thirty fold differences in salinity concentrations (12.5 to 384 g/L), and in situ temperatures (1.3 to 37.5 °C), and ...
Klein Norma J - - 2013
Mastocytosis is an orphan disease rarely encountered by practicing anesthesiologists. Children with mastocytosis often present for procedures or surgery requiring anesthesia. Because many of the medications commonly used in pediatric anesthesia have been reported to initiate mast cell activation, parents are often very anxious about their child's perioperative experience. Laboratory ...
Kareva Irina - - 2013
The conditions that can lead to the exploitative depletion of a shared resource, i.e., the tragedy of the commons, can be reformulated as a game of prisoner's dilemma: while preserving the common resource is in the best interest of the group, over-consumption is in the interest of each particular individual ...
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