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Results 251 - 300 of 3295
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Ragupathy K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In women presenting with post-menopausal bleeding (PMB), the incidence of endometrial cancer is 1-10 %; Trans-vaginal scan (TVS) is offered as the first line of investigation to triage women further and a thick endometrium (>4 mm) merits endometrial tissue sampling for further evaluation. When it is difficult and not possible to ...
Lu Yu-Yu - - 2013
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature to assess the diagnostic performance of FDG-PET or PET/CT in the detection of recurrent colorectal cancer (CRC) rising in patients with elevated CEA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic ...
Iyer Venkatakrishnan H - - 2013
A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine whether there was any association between intestinal infection (with parasites, cytomegalovirus, or Clostridium difficile) and clinical disease severity in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Consecutive cases of UC were enrolled after history and clinical examination, evaluated for presence of stool parasites (routine/special stains) ...
Nakazaki Kiyoshi - - 2013
This study evaluated the mini-mental status examination (MMSE) scores of patients with brain metastases after gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) without whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT). Between January 2009 and June 2011, 119 consecutive patients with new brain metastases were treated with a single session of GKS without WBRT. MMSE scores were ...
Matsuda Tomoyuki - - 2013
A thin film of sodium manganese ferrocyanide, Na(1.32)Mn[Fe(CN)(6)](0.83)·3.5H(2)O, exhibits discharge capacity (= 109 mA h g(-1)) and discharge voltage (3.4 V in average) at 0.5 C against Na in aprotic solvent. The ex situ XRD experiments reveal that the host framework remains cubic without showing any structural phase transition during ...
Grossgasteiger Manuel - - 2013
Transesophageal echocardiography is recommended to monitor left ventricular (LV) size and function in various operations. Generally, two-dimensional (2D) methods are applied intraoperatively. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy and feasibility of 6 commonly used 2D methods to assess LV function during surgery. LV function in 120 ...
Guglin Maya - - 2013
In heart failure (HF), longitudinal changes in ventricular ejection fraction are poorly studied. The authors' objective was to document the dynamic changes in systolic function of both ventricles during acute HF and after a 3-month follow-up period, and to identify factors associated with ventricular improvement. A limited access dataset from ...
Fujita Kishu - - 2013
A 59-year-old female underwent surgery for a primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma. She presented with progressive dyspnea, and several imaging studies demonstrated a 65 × 22 mm tumor in the aortopulmonary window, accompanied by massive pericardial effusion. The tumor was successfully excised with clean surgical margins under cardiopulmonary bypass, followed by patch reconstruction of ...
Brunelli Roberta M - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of 780-nm low-level laser therapy at different periods of 7, 14 and 21 days after cryolesion, including the dose (10 or 50 J/cm(2)), to promote a better muscle repair evidenced by histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses. Fifty-four male rats were divided into three ...
Baertling Fabian - - 2013
Leigh syndrome is a neurometabolic disorder commonly associated with disturbed oxidative phosphorylation, which leads to bilateral symmetric necrotizing lesions in the central nervous system. Neurological symptoms may be accompanied by cutaneous abnormalities. Here, we present images of distinct hypertrichosis in an otherwise asymptomatic one-year-old patient with pathogenic SURF1 gene mutations. ...
Comasco Erika - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Adipocytokines participate in the regulation of glucose metabolism and foetal development. The transcription factor activating protein 2B (TFAP2β) has been associated with adipocytokine regulation, and gene variations with type 2 diabetes and obesity. This study investigated associations between maternal TFAP2B variation, adipocytokines levels and maternal and neonatal anthropometric characteristics. ...
Delaune D - - 2013
We report a secondary case of rifampicin-resistant meningococcal disease and our experience in managing contact cases. Rifampicin resistance resulting from rpoB gene mutations is still uncommon enough that changing the current recommendations for chemoprophylaxis is unwarranted. However, ensuring limited but appropriate chemoprophylaxis may prevent the development of antimicrobial resistance. Thus, ...
Zhao Xuhua - - 2013
DNAzymes have been widely applied as signal amplifiers for enzyme-free and highly sensitive detection of DNA. A few of them have also been employed for amplified detection of other biomolecules via a target-triggered assembly of split or mutated DNAzyme strategy. However, most of these designs adopt Mg2+-dependent DNAzyme as catalytic ...
Chen I-Chun - - 2013
Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of virus infections can be induced by subneutralizing concentrations of specific antibodies. We recently demonstrated ADE in human monocytes infected with enterovirus 71 (EV71). The current study was designed to extend these observations by determining the effect of ADE on the pathogenesis of EV71 infection in newborn ...
Persson K - - 2013
AIM: At the extremes of latitude, UVB intensity is insufficient for adequate vitamin D synthesis in winter. Fatty fish, vitamin D enriched milk, margarine and eggs are main dietary sources of vitamin D. Their elimination may increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency. The aim was to assess vitamin D ...
Dasgupta Paramita - - 2013
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer survivors are at risk of dying from other causes including comorbidities and second malignancies. This study was undertaken to identify demographic and clinical predictors of cancer-specific and competing causes of mortality. METHODS: The crude probabilities of mortality attributed to colorectal cancer, other cancers, and non-cancer causes were ...
Miao Zhimin - - 2013
To investigate whether the hypothermia induced by Adenosine 5'-Monophosphate (5'-AMP) could attenuate early stage injury in a rat acute gouty arthritis model. Ankle joint injection with monosodium urate monohydrate crystals (MSU crystals) in hypothermia rat model which was induced by 5'-AMP and then observe whether hypothermia induced by 5'-AMP could ...
Didi-Kouko Coulibaly Judith - - 2013
Context. In Ivory Coast, the APAAC association "Let us help persons living with cancer or affected by cancer", in French "Aidons les Personnes Atteintes ou Affectées par le Cancer" (APAAC), set up the first ivorian call center to support persons living with or affected by cancer and to inform population ...
Das Diganta Kumar - - 2013
The fluorescence intensity of salicylaldehyde phenylhydrazone (L), in 1:1 (v/v) CH(3)OH:H(2)O was enhanced by ca. 100 times with a blue shift in emission maximum, on interaction with Pb(2+) ion. No enhancement in fluorescent intensity of L was observed on interaction with metal ions - Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), Cu(2+), Ni(2+), Zn(2+), ...
Neto João Cabas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite the use of many different strategies and techniques and notwithstanding recent advances such as fibrin glue and short scar operations, hematoma remains the most common complication in rhytidectomies. METHODS: This study analyzed 383 patients who underwent cervicofacial rhytidectomies between September 2006 and March 2012. The patients were distributed ...
Ondrejkovic P - - 2013
The ferroelectric phase transition in a semiconductor Sn(2)P(2)S(6) single crystal has been studied by means of high-resolution synchrotron x-ray diffraction in the pressure-temperature range where an incommensurate modulated phase has been anticipated for many years. In contrast with the predictions, the present measurements reveal only a direct ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition ...
Pastromas Georgios - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and clinical significance of platelet responsiveness in patients receiving clopidogrel after peripheral angioplasty procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included patients receiving antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel 75 mg after infrainguinal angioplasty or stenting and who presented to our department during routine follow-up. Clopidogrel responsiveness was ...
Mietto Bruno Siqueira - - 2013
Wallerian degeneration (WD) comprises a series of events that includes activation of non-neuronal cells and recruitment of immune cells, creating an inflammatory milieu that leads to extensive nerve fragmentation and subsequent clearance of the myelin debris, both of which are necessary prerequisites for effective nerve regeneration. Previously, we documented accelerated ...
Fratev Filip - - 2013
The UNC-45 chaperone protein interacts with and affects the folding, stability and the ATPase activity of myosins. It plays a critical role in the cardiomyopathy development and in the breast cancer tumour growth. . Here we propose the first structural model of the UNC-45-myosin complex using various in silico methods. ...
Mashburn Andrew J - - 2013
Social and emotional learning programs are designed to improve the quality of social interactions in schools and classrooms in order to positively affect students' social, emotional, and academic development. The statistical power of group randomized trials to detect effects of social and emotional learning programs and other preventive interventions on ...
Dykstra Andrew B - - 2013
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are known to play a significant role in many biological functions. The focus of this study is to optimize an integrated experimental/informatics approach to more confidently characterize the range of post-translational modifications of the cellulosome protein complex used by the bacterium Clostridium thermocellum to better understand how ...
Johnson Pieter T J - - 2013
Accelerating rates of species extinctions and disease emergence underscore the importance of understanding how changes in biodiversity affect disease outcomes. Over the past decade, a growing number of studies have reported negative correlations between host biodiversity and disease risk, prompting suggestions that biodiversity conservation could promote human and wildlife health. ...
Gaspar Alexandra - - 2013
Chromones are heterocyclic compounds of natural or synthetic origin that possess relevant pharmacological activities. Versatile functionalization of the chromone nucleus allows attaining of a chemical diversity suitable to perform structure-activity relationships in drug discovery and development programs. Accordingly, the synthesis and identification of novel chromone carboxamide derivatives with electron-donating and ...
Bhutani Surabhi - - 2013
Objective: This study examined whether the combination of Alternate day fasting (ADF) plus exercise produces superior changes in body composition and plasma lipid levels when compared to each intervention alone. Designs and Methods: Obese subjects (n = 64) were randomized to 1 of 4 groups for 12 weeks: 1) combination ...
Clark Kara - - 2013
An adolescent boy whose initial presentation consisted of an asymmetric, nonvesicular rash was eventually diagnosed with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH). Certain factors, including lesions limited to the genitals, an initial biopsy revealing nonspecific findings on microscopy studies, and the absence of characteristic direct immunofluorescence findings lessened initial clinical suspicions of DH ...
Elliott Beth - - 2013
This article describes a pilot project that provided a job preparedness program specifically designed for individuals who suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD). The program called "The Connections Place" or "TCP" was based on a 16-week curriculum that focused on both helping individuals with BPD overcome emotional barriers to employment ...
Prado Guillermo - - 2013
Hispanic adolescents are disproportionately affected by externalizing disorders, substance use and HIV infection. Despite these health inequities, few interventions have been found to be efficacious for this population, and even fewer studies have examined whether the effects of such interventions vary as a function of ecodevelopmental and intrapersonal risk subgroups. ...
Patrzyk Maciej - - 2013
PURPOSE: Remaining urachal anomalies are seldom found but can result in long-standing recurrent symptoms and repeated surgery. In this single-centre study, we evaluated the laparoscopic approach of excision of the urachus leaving the umbilicus untouched. METHODS: Twenty-one patients were operated on for persisting symptomatic urachal anomalies between 1998 and 2011. ...
Li Q - - 2013
Objectives. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a challenge to both neurologists and neurosurgeons. We aim to summarize the surgical treatment of ICH based on retrospective analysis of our patients. Methods. Two hundred and fifty-three patients with spontaneous ICH from August 2008 to August 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical data, including ...
Chang Chen-Min - - 2013
In the post-human-genome-project era, the development of molecular diagnostic techniques has advanced the frontiers of biomedical research. Nucleic-acid-based technology (NAT) plays an especially important role in molecular diagnosis. However, most research and clinical protocols still rely on the manual analysis of individual samples by skilled technicians which is a time-consuming ...
Bai Ru-Feng - - 2013
A block of an injury instrument will be left in wounds sometimes, and the suspect instrument can be discriminated by comparison with the block that was left through elemental analysis. In this study, three brands (Shibazi, Zhangxiaoquan, Qiaoxifu) of kitchen knives with forged, chop, and slice application series were analyzed ...
Kao Steven C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is considered a treatment-resistant disease. We determined the proportion of patients who received treatment in the last month of life and potential factors associated with use of chemotherapy at the end of life. METHODS: Consenting MPM patients compensated by the Dust Diseases Board (DDB) were ...
Kim Martha - - 2013
Purpose:  To investigate whether the amount of intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction with topical medications is associated with the progression of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and to identify risk factors for NTG progression. Methods:  The medical records of 121 eyes of 121 NTG patients, who were treated with topical medications for more ...
Murakami Tomoaki - - 2013
Despite the apparently successful surgical repair of aortic coarctation, subsequent cardiovascular complications have sometimes been encountered. Aortic pressure wave reflection is one of the risk factors for developing cardiovascular diseases, and an enhancement of the pressure wave reflection has been reported in patients after aortic arch repair. To clarify this ...
Sugano Yukinori - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in choroidal thickness adjacent to the area of laser application after photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. METHODS: Masked observers measured the choroidal thickness at the subfovea and superior, inferior and temporal areas adjacent ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the role of first trimester ultrasound in predicting the outcome in twin pregnancies is conflicting. The aim of this study is to determine the association between crown-rump length (CRL) discordance and adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective study of all twin ...
Song Wenjing - - 2013
The fruit of Alpinia oxyphylla, known as Yizhi, Yakuchi and Ikji in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, respectively, has been utilized as an important drug for the treatment of diarrhea, dyspepsia, spermatorrhea, kidney asthenia and abdominal pain in East Asian traditional medicine for thousands of years. Since the therapeutic effects of ...
de Pinho Lucinéia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of RAS components and SIRTs enzymes in the adipose tissue of mice fed diets with different macronutrient composition. DESIGN AND METHODS: The body weight, food intake, and energy intake (kcal) were evaluated. Blood parameters (insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance, ...
Carballo Juan J - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the role that birth order, sibship size and family structure have as risk factors in the development of common childhood mental disorders. METHOD: A case-control study design was conducted (N = 16,823). The group under study consisted of all those subjects who had ...
Ogura Kaoru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cancer in sclerosing adenosis includes the following 2 types: cancer genuinely arising from sclerosing adenosis and cancer arising near a sclerosing adenosis lesion and infiltrating into it. This study aimed to elucidate the features of the former by comparing both types. METHODS: This study included 28 lesions in 27 ...
Vermaete Nele - - 2013
Fatigue is one of the most common and most distressing problems in lymphoma patients. A vicious circle is presumed between fatigue, physical activity and physical fitness. It is plausible that an exercise training program would be effective in reducing fatigue, by breaking this vicious circle. The purposes of this review ...
Mahatha S K - - 2013
In-plane dispersions of quantum well (QW) states originating from the electron confinement of Ag sp electrons within the MoS(2) band gap region are investigated by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). A number of QW resonances have been observed in the ARPES spectra in a binding energy range lying outside ...
Bloomfield G S - - 2013
The relationship between blood pressure (BP) and kidney function among individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains controversial. This study evaluated the association between BP and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline among adults with nondiabetic stage 3 CKD. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis participants with an eGFR 30-59 ml min(-1) per ...
Xu Dongwei - - 2013
We propose using disorder to produce a field effect transistor (FET) in biased bilayer and trilayer graphene. Modulation of the bias voltage can produce large variations in the conductance when the effects of disorder are confined to only one of the graphene layers. This effect is based on the ability ...
Bryant R A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Many patients do not adhere to or benefit from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This randomized controlled trial evaluates the extent to which preparing patients with emotion regulation skills prior to CBT enhances treatment outcome. Method A total of 70 adult civilian patients with PTSD ...
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