Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 3295
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Mietto Bruno Siqueira - - 2013
Wallerian degeneration (WD) comprises a series of events that includes activation of non-neuronal cells and recruitment of immune cells, creating an inflammatory milieu that leads to extensive nerve fragmentation and subsequent clearance of the myelin debris, both of which are necessary prerequisites for effective nerve regeneration. Previously, we documented accelerated ...
Kerr David C R - - 2013
Research clearly demonstrates that parents pass risk for depression and antisocial behavior on to their children. However, most research confounds genetic and environmental mechanisms by studying genetically related individuals. Furthermore, most studies focus on either depression or antisocial behavior in parents or children, despite evidence of co-occurrence and shared etiology, ...
Fratev Filip - - 2013
The UNC-45 chaperone protein interacts with and affects the folding, stability and the ATPase activity of myosins. It plays a critical role in the cardiomyopathy development and in the breast cancer tumour growth. . Here we propose the first structural model of the UNC-45-myosin complex using various in silico methods. ...
Mashburn Andrew J - - 2013
Social and emotional learning programs are designed to improve the quality of social interactions in schools and classrooms in order to positively affect students' social, emotional, and academic development. The statistical power of group randomized trials to detect effects of social and emotional learning programs and other preventive interventions on ...
Dykstra Andrew B - - 2013
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are known to play a significant role in many biological functions. The focus of this study is to optimize an integrated experimental/informatics approach to more confidently characterize the range of post-translational modifications of the cellulosome protein complex used by the bacterium Clostridium thermocellum to better understand how ...
Johnson Pieter T J - - 2013
Accelerating rates of species extinctions and disease emergence underscore the importance of understanding how changes in biodiversity affect disease outcomes. Over the past decade, a growing number of studies have reported negative correlations between host biodiversity and disease risk, prompting suggestions that biodiversity conservation could promote human and wildlife health. ...
Gaspar Alexandra - - 2013
Chromones are heterocyclic compounds of natural or synthetic origin that possess relevant pharmacological activities. Versatile functionalization of the chromone nucleus allows attaining of a chemical diversity suitable to perform structure-activity relationships in drug discovery and development programs. Accordingly, the synthesis and identification of novel chromone carboxamide derivatives with electron-donating and ...
Bhutani Surabhi - - 2013
Objective: This study examined whether the combination of Alternate day fasting (ADF) plus exercise produces superior changes in body composition and plasma lipid levels when compared to each intervention alone. Designs and Methods: Obese subjects (n = 64) were randomized to 1 of 4 groups for 12 weeks: 1) combination ...
Clark Kara - - 2013
An adolescent boy whose initial presentation consisted of an asymmetric, nonvesicular rash was eventually diagnosed with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH). Certain factors, including lesions limited to the genitals, an initial biopsy revealing nonspecific findings on microscopy studies, and the absence of characteristic direct immunofluorescence findings lessened initial clinical suspicions of DH ...
Gallicchio Lisa - - 2013
PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal pain is a common side effect of aromatase inhibitors (AIs), the adjuvant hormonal treatment of choice for postmenopausal estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer. Although the pain is usually attributed to the estrogen depletion associated with AIs, not all women on AIs experience these symptoms. Thus, the goal of this study ...
Elliott Beth - - 2013
This article describes a pilot project that provided a job preparedness program specifically designed for individuals who suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD). The program called "The Connections Place" or "TCP" was based on a 16-week curriculum that focused on both helping individuals with BPD overcome emotional barriers to employment ...
Prado Guillermo - - 2013
Hispanic adolescents are disproportionately affected by externalizing disorders, substance use and HIV infection. Despite these health inequities, few interventions have been found to be efficacious for this population, and even fewer studies have examined whether the effects of such interventions vary as a function of ecodevelopmental and intrapersonal risk subgroups. ...
Patrzyk Maciej - - 2013
PURPOSE: Remaining urachal anomalies are seldom found but can result in long-standing recurrent symptoms and repeated surgery. In this single-centre study, we evaluated the laparoscopic approach of excision of the urachus leaving the umbilicus untouched. METHODS: Twenty-one patients were operated on for persisting symptomatic urachal anomalies between 1998 and 2011. ...
Li Q - - 2013
Objectives. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a challenge to both neurologists and neurosurgeons. We aim to summarize the surgical treatment of ICH based on retrospective analysis of our patients. Methods. Two hundred and fifty-three patients with spontaneous ICH from August 2008 to August 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical data, including ...
Chang Chen-Min - - 2013
In the post-human-genome-project era, the development of molecular diagnostic techniques has advanced the frontiers of biomedical research. Nucleic-acid-based technology (NAT) plays an especially important role in molecular diagnosis. However, most research and clinical protocols still rely on the manual analysis of individual samples by skilled technicians which is a time-consuming ...
Bai Ru-Feng - - 2013
A block of an injury instrument will be left in wounds sometimes, and the suspect instrument can be discriminated by comparison with the block that was left through elemental analysis. In this study, three brands (Shibazi, Zhangxiaoquan, Qiaoxifu) of kitchen knives with forged, chop, and slice application series were analyzed ...
Kao Steven C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is considered a treatment-resistant disease. We determined the proportion of patients who received treatment in the last month of life and potential factors associated with use of chemotherapy at the end of life. METHODS: Consenting MPM patients compensated by the Dust Diseases Board (DDB) were ...
Kim Martha - - 2013
Purpose:  To investigate whether the amount of intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction with topical medications is associated with the progression of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and to identify risk factors for NTG progression. Methods:  The medical records of 121 eyes of 121 NTG patients, who were treated with topical medications for more ...
Murakami Tomoaki - - 2013
Despite the apparently successful surgical repair of aortic coarctation, subsequent cardiovascular complications have sometimes been encountered. Aortic pressure wave reflection is one of the risk factors for developing cardiovascular diseases, and an enhancement of the pressure wave reflection has been reported in patients after aortic arch repair. To clarify this ...
Sugano Yukinori - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in choroidal thickness adjacent to the area of laser application after photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. METHODS: Masked observers measured the choroidal thickness at the subfovea and superior, inferior and temporal areas adjacent ...
D'Antonio Francesco - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the role of first trimester ultrasound in predicting the outcome in twin pregnancies is conflicting. The aim of this study is to determine the association between crown-rump length (CRL) discordance and adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective study of all twin ...
Song Wenjing - - 2013
The fruit of Alpinia oxyphylla, known as Yizhi, Yakuchi and Ikji in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, respectively, has been utilized as an important drug for the treatment of diarrhea, dyspepsia, spermatorrhea, kidney asthenia and abdominal pain in East Asian traditional medicine for thousands of years. Since the therapeutic effects of ...
de Pinho Lucinéia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of RAS components and SIRTs enzymes in the adipose tissue of mice fed diets with different macronutrient composition. DESIGN AND METHODS: The body weight, food intake, and energy intake (kcal) were evaluated. Blood parameters (insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance, ...
Molloy Lauren E - - 2013
Programs delivered in the "real world" often look substantially different from what was originally intended by program developers. Depending on which components of a program are being trimmed or altered, such modifications may seriously undermine the effectiveness of a program. In the present study, these issues are explored within a ...
Carballo Juan J - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the role that birth order, sibship size and family structure have as risk factors in the development of common childhood mental disorders. METHOD: A case-control study design was conducted (N = 16,823). The group under study consisted of all those subjects who had ...
Ogura Kaoru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cancer in sclerosing adenosis includes the following 2 types: cancer genuinely arising from sclerosing adenosis and cancer arising near a sclerosing adenosis lesion and infiltrating into it. This study aimed to elucidate the features of the former by comparing both types. METHODS: This study included 28 lesions in 27 ...
Vermaete Nele - - 2013
Fatigue is one of the most common and most distressing problems in lymphoma patients. A vicious circle is presumed between fatigue, physical activity and physical fitness. It is plausible that an exercise training program would be effective in reducing fatigue, by breaking this vicious circle. The purposes of this review ...
Mahatha S K - - 2013
In-plane dispersions of quantum well (QW) states originating from the electron confinement of Ag sp electrons within the MoS(2) band gap region are investigated by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). A number of QW resonances have been observed in the ARPES spectra in a binding energy range lying outside ...
Bloomfield G S - - 2013
The relationship between blood pressure (BP) and kidney function among individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains controversial. This study evaluated the association between BP and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline among adults with nondiabetic stage 3 CKD. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis participants with an eGFR 30-59 ml min(-1) per ...
Xu Dongwei - - 2013
We propose using disorder to produce a field effect transistor (FET) in biased bilayer and trilayer graphene. Modulation of the bias voltage can produce large variations in the conductance when the effects of disorder are confined to only one of the graphene layers. This effect is based on the ability ...
Bryant R A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Many patients do not adhere to or benefit from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This randomized controlled trial evaluates the extent to which preparing patients with emotion regulation skills prior to CBT enhances treatment outcome. Method A total of 70 adult civilian patients with PTSD ...
Grave Riccardo Dalle - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Conflicting evidence exists as to weight loss produced by diets with different carbohydrate/protein ratio. We aimed to compare the long-term effects of high-protein vs. high-carbohydrate diet (HPD, HCD), combined with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). DESIGN & METHODS: In a randomized trial, 88 obese participants (mean age, 46.7; mean BMI, ...
Haliasos Elena C - - 2013
The dermoscope allows physicians to examine the macroscopic and microscopic primary morphology of skin lesions, identify subtle clinical clues, confirm naked-eye clinical diagnoses, and monitor treatment progress while posing little threat to the young patient. This review summarizes important dermoscopic structures seen in infectious and inflammatory skin conditions and hair ...
Strehl Cindy - - 2013
Flow cytometry has become a widely-used and powerful tool for the characterization of cells according to their expression of specific proteins. However, sensitivity of this method is still limited since conventionally labeled antibodies can be conjugated with at maximum 1-10 dye molecules. This fact resulted in the need to develop ...
Salabei Joshua K - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death worldwide, despite the significant advances in medicine. Autophagy, a process of self-cannibalization employed by mammalian cells for the recycling of cellular contents, is altered not only in a number of CVDs, but in other diseases, as well. Many FDA-approved drugs are ...
Miniszewska Joanna - - 2013
Many patients with psoriasis demonstrate psychological disturbances, including decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study was to evaluate selected personal resources and HRQoL in 168 in-patients with psoriasis vulgaris. The following questionnaires were used: Skindex-29, General Health Questionnaire, Coping with Skin Disease Scale, Acceptance of Illness ...
Cadková Zuzana - - 2013
Faecal excretion is a basic means of detoxification upon ingestion of Pb-contaminated feed. In order to determine a time course of Pb elimination after oral exposure to two different forms of this heavy metal (lead acetate vs. phyto-bound Pb), a feeding study was carried out in experimental rats using the ...
Blidner Ada G - - 2013
Successful mammalian pregnancy relies upon acceptance of a semi-allogeneic fetus by the maternal immune system. Lessons learned from studies on protective immunity to microbial infections and tumours, prevention of autoimmunity, and allograft rejection have contributed to delineate the mechanisms leading to T-cell tolerance at the fetomaternal interface. Recent observations highlight ...
Alexandropoulou Ourania - - 2013
The aim of the study was to identify the relationship of acquired neutropenia with childhood infections and to assess its clinical course, complications, and outcome. Children admitted to two pediatric wards over a 4-year period with febrile neutropenia were prospectively investigated for underlying infections with inflammatory markers, cultures of body ...
Earhart Jeffrey - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for treatment of osteoid osteoma is effective and avoids the potential complications of open surgical resection. This study evaluates the efficacy of RFA at a single tertiary-care pediatric hospital and highlights an important complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 21 cases of RFA ...
Burkle Frederick M - - 2013
For decades, military humanitarian assistance programs have avoided empirical scrutiny, leaving researchers, the humanitarian community and decision makers without proof of outcome. This Editorial highlights the findings of three major studies that disclose deficits in the quality of the performance and reporting of humanitarian missions, and offer guidance for change. ...
Baker David M - - 2013
Many reef-building corals form symbioses with dinoflagellates from the diverse genus Symbiodinium. There is increasing evidence of functional significance to Symbiodinium diversity, which affects the coral holobiont's response to changing environmental conditions. For example, corals hosting Symbiodinium from the clade D taxon exhibit greater resistance to heat-induced coral bleaching than ...
Kosmadakis George - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension in end-stage renal disease patients is associated with significantly increased morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in dialysis patients is relatively high and varies in different studies from 17% to 49.53% depending on the mode of dialysis and other selection factors, such as the presence of ...
Shoji Hiroaki - - 2013
Thiophene-S,S-dioxidized diarylethenes introducing bulky substituents at the reactive positions were newly synthesized. The diarylethenes showed reversible photochromism, whereas the photocycloreversion reaction was suppressed by thiophene-oxidation. The diarylethene closed-ring isomers having secondary alkyl groups at the reactive positions were found to undergo thermal bleaching reactions which produce at least three types ...
O'Dwyer Sandra P - - 2013
Oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions were prepared using different concentrations of camelina or sunflower oil. Sodium caseinate was used as the emulsifier and dried glucose syrup as the wall material. Emulsions were subsequently spray dried to yield high-fat powders (71.7-85.0%). Emulsification and microencapsulation of bulk oils decreased their level of lipid oxidation ...
Aghazarian Artin - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of pathogens and moderate leukocytes on seminal interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and sperm parameters in men undergoing infertility investigation. METHODS: Semen samples from men (n = 171) were divided into three groups on the basis of leukocyte count: no leukocytes (L-; ≤0.1 × 10(6)/ml Mio/ml), moderate leukocytes (L±; >0.1 × 10(6)/ml and <1 × 10(6)/ml), ...
Chang Chih-Min - - 2013
We have recently showed that the weighted contact number profiles (or the packing density profiles) of proteins are well correlated with those of the corresponding sequence conservation profiles. The results suggest that a protein structure may contain sufficient information about sequence conservation comparable to that derived from multiple homologous sequences. ...
Wada H - - 2013
Factor XIII (FXIII) is a fibrin-stabilising factor consisting of catalytic A subunits (FXIII-A) and carrier B subunits (FXIII-B). FXIII-B prevents the fast clearance of FXIII-A from the circulation. Congenital FXIII-A deficiency is a rare bleeding disorder, and congenital FXIII-B deficiency is even rarer. Through our recent nationwide survey on "acquired ...
Raps M - - 2013
Use of combined oral contraceptives is associated with a three- to six-fold increased risk of venous thrombosis. Hormonal contraceptives induce acquired resistance to activated protein C (APC), which predicts the risk of venous thrombosis. The biological basis of the acquired APC resistance is unknown. Free protein S (PS) and free ...
Kimble B - - 2013
The pharmacokinetic profile of meloxicam in clinically healthy koalas (n = 15) was investigated. Single doses of meloxicam were administered intravenously (i.v.) (0.4 mg/kg; n = 5), subcutaneously (s.c.) (0.2 mg/kg; n = 1) or orally (0.2 mg/kg; n = 3), and multiple doses were administered to two groups of koalas via the oral or s.c. routes (n = 3 for both routes) ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >