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- - 2013
Although gonorrhea has afflicted humans for centuries, and the causative bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, was identified more than a century ago, gonorrhea remains a public health problem in the United States. Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported notifiable infection in the United States; >300,000 cases were reported in 2011. In ...
Grottke O - - 2013
Massive bleeding with coagulopathy and hemorrhagic shock poses a potential threat to life in numerous clinical settings. Optimal treatment including the prevention of exsanguination necessitates a standardized and interdisciplinary approach. Several studies have shown the importance of massive transfusion protocols and standardized coagulation algorithms to improve survival of severely bleeding ...
- - 2013
On August 16, 2012, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment was notified of two patients at an acute-care hospital in Denver with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), specifically Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), isolated from respiratory specimens during July-August. Both isolates produced New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM). A review of microbiology records identified ...
Mager R - - 2013
The occurrence of malignant neoplasms of the urinary tract in patients below the age of 40 years is rare. Nevertheless, finding masses with suspicious malignant appearance in young patients should alert the examiner particularly against the background of reported cases of urothelial or urachal carcinoma in childhood or adolescence. This ...
- - 2013
In 2012, CDC collaborated with state health and agricultural agencies and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate an outbreak of Salmonella Bredeney infections associated with exposure to peanut products manufactured by Sunland, Inc. of Portales, New Mexico.
Peolsson Anneli - - 2013
Prospective randomized study. To investigate differences in physical functional outcome in patients with radiculopathy due to cervical disc disease, after structured physiotherapy alone (consisting of neck-specific exercises with a cognitive-behavioral approach) versus after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) followed by the same structured physiotherapy program. No earlier studies have ...
Korovessis Panagiotis P Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, General Hospital Agios Andreas Patras, Greece. - - 2013
Prospective, parallel-group, controlled comparative randomized study. This study compares the efficacy in sagittal vertebral height and wedge deformity restoration, polymethylmethacrylate cement leakage safety, and functional outcome of balloon kyphoplasty (BK) versus KIVA (a novel vertebral augmentation technique) implant for the augmentation of fresh osteoporotic vertebral body fractures. Minimally invasive vertebral ...
Carlberg Valerie M - - 2013
Osteopetrosis, lymphedema, hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, and immunodeficiency (OL-HED-ID) is a rare X-linked disorder with only three reported prior cases in the English-language literature. We describe a case of OL-HED-ID in a male infant who initially presented with congenital lymphedema, leukocytosis, and thrombocytopenia of unknown etiology at 7 days of age. He ...
Bogaerts Annick F L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe weight status of obese mothers six months after delivery, and examine its potential relationship to important socio-demographical, behavioural and psychological variables. DESIGN AND METHODS: Postpartum data from an interventional trial in obese pregnant women (n=197), conducted in three regional hospitals in the Belgian Flanders, between ...
Scott Tracy - - 2013
Access to education, communication, and support is essential for achieving and maintaining a skilled healthcare workforce. Delivering affordable and accessible continuing education for healthcare providers in rural, remote, and isolated First Nation communities is challenging due to barriers such as geography, isolation, costs, and staff shortages. The innovative use of ...
Minhas Riaz Aziz - - 2013
Grey langurs (Semnopithecus spp.) occupy a variety of habitats, ranging from lowland forests and semi-desert to alpine forests. Little is known about their foraging and ranging in alpine forests, which appear to contain less food than lowland forests. We conducted a 1-year study of Himalayan grey langurs (Semnopithecus ajax) in ...
Liu Jiankang - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relative association of abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) with cardiometabolic risk factors between African and European Americans. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 2035 African Americans from Jackson Heart Study (JHS) and 3170 European Americans from Framingham Heart Study (FHS) who underwent computed ...
Yamada Keita - - 2013
A method is proposed for the analysis of O-glycans as 9-fluorenylmethyl (Fmoc) derivatives. After releasing the O-glycans from the protein backbone in the presence of ammonia-based media, the glycosylamines thus formed are conveniently labeled with Fmoc-Cl, and analyzed by HPLC and MALDI-TOF MS after easy purification. Fmoc labeled O-glycans showed ...
Esrafili Mehdi D - - 2013
A density functional theory study was carried out to predict the electrostatic potentials as well as average local ionization energies on both the outer and the inner surfaces of carbon, boron-nitride (BN), boron-phosphide (BP) and silicon-carbide (SiC) single-walled nanotubes. For each nanotube, the effect of tube radius on the surface ...
Holstein Joerg H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Data from literature on predictors for patients' quality of life after pelvic ring fractures are conflicting and based on small study populations. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore evaluated predictors for health-related quality of life in patients with pelvic ring injuries at a minimum of 1 year postfracture. METHODS: We surveyed 172 ...
Smith Jessica A - - 2013
A needle-free system that delivers lidocaine to the dermis using pressurized gas is often used as an alternative anesthetic for venipuncture and intravenous catheterization in children. This case report illustrates the potential histologic artifacts that may arise when using a needleless device for a cutaneous punch biopsy. We suggest against ...
Melo A A - - 2013
Objective: To determine whether the administration of mitomycin C prevents propylene glycol exposure from inducing middle-ear cholesteatoma and otitis media, in a rat model. Methods: Twenty-four Wistar rats underwent intratympanic injections on days 1, 8 and 15, via the tympanic membrane pars tensa, in both the right and left ears. ...
Gibiino Fabio - - 2013
Non-Cartesian acquisition strategies are widely used in MRI to dramatically reduce the acquisition time while at the same time preserving the image quality. Among non-Cartesian reconstruction methods, the least squares non-uniform fast Fourier transform (LS_NUFFT) is a gridding method based on a local data interpolation kernel that minimizes the worst-case ...
Javoiš Juhan - - 2013
The most widely known theoretical basis for the hypothesis of terminal investment is the classic model by George C. Williams (1966). Although this model predicts that reproductive effort (i.e. the proportion of available resources devoted to reproduction) increases with decreasing reproductive value, it implies that reproductive allocation in absolute terms ...
Alvárez C Rodríguez - - 2013
Total mercury (Hg), monomethylmercury (MeHg), and selenium (Se) were determined in blood of 11 bird species living in Doñana National Park (DNP, Southwestern Spain) and the surrounding area in 1999 and 2000 after a mine spill accident. The total Hg contents found varied from 1.00 to 587 ng/mL, with an MeHg ...
Brazzelli Valeria - - 2013
We present a case of infantile bullous pemphigoid (BP) triggered by primary infection with varicella zoster virus and we analyze the correlation between autoantibody levels and disease activity. With this report we suggest that serum autoantibody titers may not necessarily mirror the clinical course of the disease or represent a ...
Toplan Selmin - - 2013
The present study was conducted to explore the possible effects of different doses of lithium carbonate on thyroid functions, erythrocyte oxidant-antioxidant status, and osmotic fragility. Twenty-four Wistar-type male rats were equally divided into three groups: groups I and II received 0.1 and0.2 % lithium carbonate in their drinking water, respectively, for ...
Philbert J - - 2013
RATIONALE: The selective CRF(1) (corticotropin releasing factor type 1) receptor antagonist SSR125543 has been previously shown to attenuate the long-term cognitive deficit produced by traumatic stress exposure. Memory disturbances described in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients are believed to be associated with changes in neuronal activity, in particular at the ...
Larsen S B - - 2013
Inflammation has been proposed to modify platelet function. This may lead to increased platelet reactivity and reduced antiplatelet drug efficacy in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, this hypothesis has not been investigated in stable CAD patients receiving aspirin as mono antiplatelet therapy. It was the objective of this ...
Lorenz Kerstin - - 2013
PURPOSE: Calcitonin screening aims at uncovering occult medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) in patients with nodular thyroid disease. Elevated basal calcitonin serum levels call for calcitonin stimulation, the level of which may direct the extent of surgery. Because pentagastrin has become restricted, calcium has increasingly been used instead for stimulation. This ...
Jonsson Hans - - 2013
Segmented Filamentous Bacteria, SFB, are inhabitants of the small intestine of various animals, where they can be detected microscopically due to their specific morphology and intimate association with the intestinal epithelium. SFB colonize the distal part of the small intestine in a host-specific manner and affects important functions of the ...
Bulc MichaƂ - - 2013
Innervation of the mammalian pineal gland during prenatal development is poorly recognized. Therefore, immunofluorescence studies of the pineals of 70- and 90-day-old foetuses of the domestic pig were performed using antibodies against tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DβH), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and C-terminal flanking peptide of NPY (CPON). The investigated glands ...
Ragupathy K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In women presenting with post-menopausal bleeding (PMB), the incidence of endometrial cancer is 1-10 %; Trans-vaginal scan (TVS) is offered as the first line of investigation to triage women further and a thick endometrium (>4 mm) merits endometrial tissue sampling for further evaluation. When it is difficult and not possible to ...
Lu Yu-Yu - - 2013
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature to assess the diagnostic performance of FDG-PET or PET/CT in the detection of recurrent colorectal cancer (CRC) rising in patients with elevated CEA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic ...
Iyer Venkatakrishnan H - - 2013
A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine whether there was any association between intestinal infection (with parasites, cytomegalovirus, or Clostridium difficile) and clinical disease severity in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Consecutive cases of UC were enrolled after history and clinical examination, evaluated for presence of stool parasites (routine/special stains) ...
Nakazaki Kiyoshi - - 2013
This study evaluated the mini-mental status examination (MMSE) scores of patients with brain metastases after gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) without whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT). Between January 2009 and June 2011, 119 consecutive patients with new brain metastases were treated with a single session of GKS without WBRT. MMSE scores were ...
Matsuda Tomoyuki - - 2013
A thin film of sodium manganese ferrocyanide, Na(1.32)Mn[Fe(CN)(6)](0.83)·3.5H(2)O, exhibits discharge capacity (= 109 mA h g(-1)) and discharge voltage (3.4 V in average) at 0.5 C against Na in aprotic solvent. The ex situ XRD experiments reveal that the host framework remains cubic without showing any structural phase transition during ...
Grossgasteiger Manuel - - 2013
Transesophageal echocardiography is recommended to monitor left ventricular (LV) size and function in various operations. Generally, two-dimensional (2D) methods are applied intraoperatively. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy and feasibility of 6 commonly used 2D methods to assess LV function during surgery. LV function in 120 ...
Guglin Maya - - 2013
In heart failure (HF), longitudinal changes in ventricular ejection fraction are poorly studied. The authors' objective was to document the dynamic changes in systolic function of both ventricles during acute HF and after a 3-month follow-up period, and to identify factors associated with ventricular improvement. A limited access dataset from ...
Fujita Kishu - - 2013
A 59-year-old female underwent surgery for a primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma. She presented with progressive dyspnea, and several imaging studies demonstrated a 65 × 22 mm tumor in the aortopulmonary window, accompanied by massive pericardial effusion. The tumor was successfully excised with clean surgical margins under cardiopulmonary bypass, followed by patch reconstruction of ...
Brunelli Roberta M - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of 780-nm low-level laser therapy at different periods of 7, 14 and 21 days after cryolesion, including the dose (10 or 50 J/cm(2)), to promote a better muscle repair evidenced by histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses. Fifty-four male rats were divided into three ...
Baertling Fabian - - 2013
Leigh syndrome is a neurometabolic disorder commonly associated with disturbed oxidative phosphorylation, which leads to bilateral symmetric necrotizing lesions in the central nervous system. Neurological symptoms may be accompanied by cutaneous abnormalities. Here, we present images of distinct hypertrichosis in an otherwise asymptomatic one-year-old patient with pathogenic SURF1 gene mutations. ...
Gu Lei - - 2013
Deposition of Aβ in the brain is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. There are two major isoforms of Aβ: the 42-residue Aβ42 and the 40-residue Aβ40. The only difference between Aβ42 and Aβ40 is that Aβ42 has two extra residues at the C-terminus. The amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's brains ...
Comasco Erika - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Adipocytokines participate in the regulation of glucose metabolism and foetal development. The transcription factor activating protein 2B (TFAP2β) has been associated with adipocytokine regulation, and gene variations with type 2 diabetes and obesity. This study investigated associations between maternal TFAP2B variation, adipocytokines levels and maternal and neonatal anthropometric characteristics. ...
Delaune D - - 2013
We report a secondary case of rifampicin-resistant meningococcal disease and our experience in managing contact cases. Rifampicin resistance resulting from rpoB gene mutations is still uncommon enough that changing the current recommendations for chemoprophylaxis is unwarranted. However, ensuring limited but appropriate chemoprophylaxis may prevent the development of antimicrobial resistance. Thus, ...
Zhao Xuhua - - 2013
DNAzymes have been widely applied as signal amplifiers for enzyme-free and highly sensitive detection of DNA. A few of them have also been employed for amplified detection of other biomolecules via a target-triggered assembly of split or mutated DNAzyme strategy. However, most of these designs adopt Mg2+-dependent DNAzyme as catalytic ...
Chen I-Chun - - 2013
Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of virus infections can be induced by subneutralizing concentrations of specific antibodies. We recently demonstrated ADE in human monocytes infected with enterovirus 71 (EV71). The current study was designed to extend these observations by determining the effect of ADE on the pathogenesis of EV71 infection in newborn ...
Persson K - - 2013
AIM: At the extremes of latitude, UVB intensity is insufficient for adequate vitamin D synthesis in winter. Fatty fish, vitamin D enriched milk, margarine and eggs are main dietary sources of vitamin D. Their elimination may increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency. The aim was to assess vitamin D ...
Dasgupta Paramita - - 2013
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer survivors are at risk of dying from other causes including comorbidities and second malignancies. This study was undertaken to identify demographic and clinical predictors of cancer-specific and competing causes of mortality. METHODS: The crude probabilities of mortality attributed to colorectal cancer, other cancers, and non-cancer causes were ...
Miao Zhimin - - 2013
To investigate whether the hypothermia induced by Adenosine 5'-Monophosphate (5'-AMP) could attenuate early stage injury in a rat acute gouty arthritis model. Ankle joint injection with monosodium urate monohydrate crystals (MSU crystals) in hypothermia rat model which was induced by 5'-AMP and then observe whether hypothermia induced by 5'-AMP could ...
Didi-Kouko Coulibaly Judith - - 2013
Context. In Ivory Coast, the APAAC association "Let us help persons living with cancer or affected by cancer", in French "Aidons les Personnes Atteintes ou Affectées par le Cancer" (APAAC), set up the first ivorian call center to support persons living with or affected by cancer and to inform population ...
Das Diganta Kumar - - 2013
The fluorescence intensity of salicylaldehyde phenylhydrazone (L), in 1:1 (v/v) CH(3)OH:H(2)O was enhanced by ca. 100 times with a blue shift in emission maximum, on interaction with Pb(2+) ion. No enhancement in fluorescent intensity of L was observed on interaction with metal ions - Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), Cu(2+), Ni(2+), Zn(2+), ...
Neto João Cabas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite the use of many different strategies and techniques and notwithstanding recent advances such as fibrin glue and short scar operations, hematoma remains the most common complication in rhytidectomies. METHODS: This study analyzed 383 patients who underwent cervicofacial rhytidectomies between September 2006 and March 2012. The patients were distributed ...
Ondrejkovic P - - 2013
The ferroelectric phase transition in a semiconductor Sn(2)P(2)S(6) single crystal has been studied by means of high-resolution synchrotron x-ray diffraction in the pressure-temperature range where an incommensurate modulated phase has been anticipated for many years. In contrast with the predictions, the present measurements reveal only a direct ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition ...
Pastromas Georgios - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and clinical significance of platelet responsiveness in patients receiving clopidogrel after peripheral angioplasty procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included patients receiving antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel 75 mg after infrainguinal angioplasty or stenting and who presented to our department during routine follow-up. Clopidogrel responsiveness was ...
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