Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3309
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Lue Yanhe - - 2013
Synthetic progestins such as levonorgestrel (LNG) are used in combination with testosterone (T) in male contraceptive clinical trials to suppress gonadotropins secretion, but whether progestins have additional direct effects on the testis are not known. This study aimed to examine the effect of a potent progestin, (LNG), alone or in ...
Liu Xindong X Department of Immunology and Center for Inflammation and Cancer, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77054, - - 2013
T-follicular helper (Tfh) cells are a new subset of effector CD4(+) T cells that are specialized in helping B cells in the germinal center reaction. Tfh cells are distinct from other established CD4(+) T-cell lineages, Th1, Th2, Th17, and T-regulatory cells, in their gene expression profiles. Tfh cell differentiation results ...
Gu Lian - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to assess the beneficial and harmful effects of ruxolitinib in patients with myelofibrosis (MF). The Cochrane databases, PubMed and Embase were searched for studies published up to October 2012. Randomised controlled trials assessing ruxolitinib versus a placebo or the best available therapy in ...
Krane Jeffrey F - - 2013
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) accounts for up to 25% of all HNSCCs. These tumors largely arise from the oropharynx, particularly the tonsil and base of tongue. The first manifestation of HPV-associated HNSCC is frequently as metastasis to cervical lymph nodes that can be documented ...
Oliveira-Filho Manoel - - 2013
Regarded as infrequent, vaginal and cervical endometriosis is probably more common than is generally realized. The apparent rarity of the lesion may be ascribed to the limited awareness of its clinical appearance, combined with technical difficulty in obtaining suitable biopsy material for confirmation. Thus, clinical recognition and tissue confirmation become ...
Kuramoto Hiroyuki - - 2013
Objective: To find an appropriate sampling device for a liquid-based procedure in the population screening for cervical cancer, focusing on bleeding at sampling and the amount of cells smeared. Methods and Materials: 1,000 consecutive women who underwent primary screening were studied. The specimens were obtained with the cotton stick/Cytobrush® method ...
Sathiyamoorthy Srividya - - 2013
Objective: To review atypical/positive urine cytology specimens from patients with confirmed prostatic duct adenocarcinoma (PDA), describe the cytomorphologic features and discuss the differential diagnosis. Study Design: A retrospective review of the cytopathology archives of The Johns Hopkins Hospital revealed 14 cases of abnormal urinary cytology in patients with histologically confirmed ...
Olson Matthew T - - 2013
Background: This study was conducted to describe the frequency and significance of squamous cells in fine needle aspiration (FNA) specimens of the pancreas in benign and malignant processes. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of 102 patients with squamous cells in their pancreatic FNA specimens from 1986 to 2012. The ...
Holmes Brittany J - - 2013
Xanthogranulomatous disease of bone is exceptionally uncommon. Clinically, radiologically and pathologically, it is a great imitator of malignancy. While there are few reports on the surgical pathology of this rare entity, there is no published report on its cytopathologic characteristics. We report herein the case of a 44-year-old male who ...
Alaghehbandan Reza - - 2013
Objective: Glucyte liquid-based cytology (LBC; BestPrep™;CellSolutions, LLC, Greensboro, N.C., USA) is a recently developed method. Its performance was assessed in comparison with ThinPrep (Hologic Inc., Marlborough, Mass., USA) and SurePath (BD Diagnostics, Burlington, N.C., USA) LBC platforms. Study Design: Two cervical samples obtained from each of 331 patients presenting for ...
Mohan Bhavna C - - 2013
Objective: Quid chewing is associated with an increased risk of oral cancer. This study aims to analyze argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) counts along with Papanicolaou (PAP) staining in exfoliative smears of quid chewers and non-chewers to correlate quid chewing habits with possible early cytological changes in apparently normal buccal ...
Olson Matthew T - - 2013
Background: Malignant serous cavity effusion caused by primary thyroid cancer is extremely rare in routine clinical practice. Therefore, it is often not included in the differential diagnostic workup of patients presenting with positive effusion cytology. Methods: The clinical features were reviewed for 6 patients seen at our institution over the ...
Boonyaarunnate Thiraphon - - 2013
Background: Cribriform-morular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CMV-PTC) is a rare tumor that may arise in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), although sporadic instances of this tumor have been reported. When it arises in FAP, CMV-PTC may present before colonic manifestations are apparent, so proper identification and classification are ...
Abe Akiko - - 2013
Objective: This study retrospectively investigated the usefulness of intraoperative diagnosis based on imprint cytology and frozen sections for ovarian germ cell tumor. Study Design: Intraoperative studies were reviewed for 23 cases with ovarian germ cell tumor treatment for which both frozen sections and imprint cytology were available. Final histopathologic diagnoses ...
Kheir Jeanette J Department of Chemistry, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309, - - 2013
In this study, the reactions of presolvated electrons with glycine methyl ester and N-acetylalanylalanine methyl ester (N-aAAMe) are investigated by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and DFT calculations. Electrons were produced by γ-irradiation in neutral 7.5 M LiCl-D2O aqueous glasses at low temperatures. For glycine methyl ester, electron addition at ...
Ha Sang Yun - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this study is to report our experience with the implementation of the ThinPrep Imaging System (TIS) in a tertiary hospital in Korea and to evaluate the effectiveness of the TIS compared to manual methods in the screening of cervical cytology. Study Design: Detection rates of cervical ...
Toll Adam D - - 2013
Background: Acral myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma (AMFS) is a rare low-grade sarcoma with somewhat unique morphologic characteristics. While recurrences are relatively common, distant metastases are infrequent. Cytopathologic descriptions of AMFS are limited, prompting the current study. Methods: A retrospective review was performed at two tertiary-care hospitals, and 3 patients with this ...
Sweeney Brenda J - - 2013
Objectives: Automated screening will become important due to an aging workforce, declining numbers of new cytotechnologists, and the need for increased screening sensitivity in the vaccine era, where high-grade abnormalities will decline. This study documents workload in gynecologic cytology throughput before and after the implementation of the BD FocalPoint™ Guided ...
Taweevisit Mana - - 2013
Background: Ectopic cervical thymomas are rare and there are few descriptions of the cytologic findings based on fine needle aspiration. Their appearances can be misinterpreted as either benign or malignant lesions of the thyroid. The authors report such a case occurring in a patient with Sotos syndrome, a genetic disorder ...
Obokata Akane - - 2013
Background: Low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinomas (LGCCC) are rare salivary gland tumors, classified into a variant of cystadenocarcinoma by the 2005 WHO classification. All previously reported cases arose from parotid glands, except for a case from a minor salivary gland. We report here for the first time a case of LGCCC arising ...
Lalwani Gaurav G Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-5281, - - 2013
This study investigates the efficacy of two-dimensional (2D) carbon and inorganic nanostructures as reinforcing agents for cross-linked composites of the biodegradable and biocompatible polymer polypropylene fumarate (PPF) as a function of nanostructure concentration. PPF composites were reinforced using various 2D nanostructures: single- and multiwalled graphene oxide nanoribbons (SWGONRs, MWGONRs), graphene ...
Anderson Kurtis M KM Sealy Center for Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555, United - - 2013
Ion pairing is one of the most fundamental chemical interactions and is essential for molecular recognition by biological macromolecules. From an experimental standpoint, very little is known to date about ion-pair dynamics in biological macromolecular systems. Absorption, infrared, and Raman spectroscopic methods were previously used to characterize dynamic properties of ...
Pazgier Marzena M Institute of Human Virology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA. - - 2013
Cathelicidins form a family of small host defense peptides distinct from another class of cationic antimicrobial peptides, the defensins. They are expressed as large precursor molecules with a highly conserved pro-domain known as the cathelin-like domain (CLD). CLDs have high degrees of sequence homology to cathelin, a protein isolated from ...
Olivares-Romero José Luis JL Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago, 5735 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United - - 2013
An efficient and versatile method for the enantioselective epoxidation of both tertiary allylic and homoallylic alcohols catalyzed by Hf(IV)-bishydroxamic acid (BHA) complexes is described. Asymmetric epoxidation, kinetic resolution, and desymmetrization have been developed, demonstrating the flexible nature of the Hf(IV)-BHA system. This is the first report in which these substrates ...
Böttcher Thomas T Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2013
Biofilms are often associated with human bacterial infections, and the natural tolerance of biofilms to antibiotics challenges treatment. Compounds with antibiofilm activity could become useful adjuncts to antibiotic therapy. We used norspermidine, a natural trigger for biofilm disassembly in the developmental cycle of Bacillus subtilis , to develop guanidine and ...
Mahdavi Alborz A Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, - - 2013
We describe a genetic AND gate for cell-targeted metabolic labeling and proteomic analysis in complex cellular systems. The centerpiece of the AND gate is a bisected methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS) that charges the Met surrogate azidonorleucine (Anl) to tRNA(Met). Cellular protein labeling occurs only upon activation of two different promoters that ...
Heidari Torkabadi Hossein H Department of Chemistry, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, - - 2013
Rapid mix-rapid freeze is a powerful method to study the mechanisms of enzyme-substrate reactions in solution. Here we report a protocol that combines this method with normal (non-resonance) Raman microscopy to enable us to define molecular details of intermediates at early time points. With this combined method, SHV-1, a class ...
Korovessis Panagiotis P Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, General Hospital Agios Andreas Patras, Greece. - - 2013
Prospective, parallel-group, controlled comparative randomized study. This study compares the efficacy in sagittal vertebral height and wedge deformity restoration, polymethylmethacrylate cement leakage safety, and functional outcome of balloon kyphoplasty (BK) versus KIVA (a novel vertebral augmentation technique) implant for the augmentation of fresh osteoporotic vertebral body fractures. Minimally invasive vertebral ...
Grottke O - - 2013
Massive bleeding with coagulopathy and hemorrhagic shock poses a potential threat to life in numerous clinical settings. Optimal treatment including the prevention of exsanguination necessitates a standardized and interdisciplinary approach. Several studies have shown the importance of massive transfusion protocols and standardized coagulation algorithms to improve survival of severely bleeding ...
- - 2013
In 2012, CDC collaborated with state health and agricultural agencies and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate an outbreak of Salmonella Bredeney infections associated with exposure to peanut products manufactured by Sunland, Inc. of Portales, New Mexico.
- - 2013
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are leading causes of death from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in the United States. Because underreporting has complicated the understanding of disease burden, in 2010 the Institute of Medicine requested that CDC perform a comprehensive evaluation of national ...
Mager R - - 2013
The occurrence of malignant neoplasms of the urinary tract in patients below the age of 40 years is rare. Nevertheless, finding masses with suspicious malignant appearance in young patients should alert the examiner particularly against the background of reported cases of urothelial or urachal carcinoma in childhood or adolescence. This ...
Rinaldi Renee Z - - 2013
Aromatase Inhibitors are anti-estrogen agents that have proven efficacy for adjuvant therapy of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer primarily in post menopausal women with estrogen receptor positive breast cancer but increase the risk of cancer therapy induced bone loss (CTIBL). Recent studies have shown the potential benefit of bisphosphonate therapy ...
- - 2013
On August 16, 2012, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment was notified of two patients at an acute-care hospital in Denver with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), specifically Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), isolated from respiratory specimens during July-August. Both isolates produced New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM). A review of microbiology records identified ...
Peolsson Anneli - - 2013
Prospective randomized study. To investigate differences in physical functional outcome in patients with radiculopathy due to cervical disc disease, after structured physiotherapy alone (consisting of neck-specific exercises with a cognitive-behavioral approach) versus after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) followed by the same structured physiotherapy program. No earlier studies have ...
- - 2013
Although gonorrhea has afflicted humans for centuries, and the causative bacterium, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, was identified more than a century ago, gonorrhea remains a public health problem in the United States. Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported notifiable infection in the United States; >300,000 cases were reported in 2011. In ...
- - 2013
In March 2012, the Wyoming Department of Health was notified by Natrona County public health officials regarding three patients hospitalized for unexplained acute kidney injury (AKI), all of whom reported recent use of synthetic cannabinoids (SCs), sometimes referred to as "synthetic marijuana." SCs are designer drugs of abuse typically dissolved ...
Fan Songhua - - 2013
The clinical significance of SLC7A7 expression remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore whether SLC7A7 expression in tumor tissues could be used to assess subsequent prognosis in patients with glioblastoma (GBM). A total of 119 patients with pathologically confirmed GBM and 16 normal controls were recruited for this ...
Fattore Elena - - 2013
We reviewed the scientific literature on the evidence of the relationship between palm oil and adverse effects on human health. Few studies have investigated the effects of palm oil per se, and the main reason why it has been associated with negative health effects is the relatively high content of ...
Shantsila Alena - - 2013
Several studies have suggested that hypertension has a stronger detrimental impact on cardiovascular outcome in lean than in obese persons, but neutral or opposite results have also been reported. We investigated the impact of baseline body mass index (BMI) at presentation with the most severe form of hypertension, that is, ...
Fanti Kostas A - - 2013
Conduct problems (CP) and callous-unemotional (CU) traits can have a long-lasting negative impact into adulthood. Importantly, among youth with CP, those high on CU traits engage in a more severe, aggressive, and persistent pattern of antisocial behavior. The current study investigates the co-occurrence between CP and CU traits among a ...
Pham Anh - - 2013
The effects of hydrogen interstitials and oxygen vacancies on the overall ferromagnetic behaviour of Co doped ZnO (ZnO:Co) have been closely examined using different density functional calculations. The results demonstrate the importance of correcting the bandgap problem of the ZnO host as well as the lack of correlation in Co's ...
Bernardeschi Daniele D ENT Department, AP-HP, Beaujon Hospital, 92110, Clichy, France, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to evaluate the anatomical and functional results of rehabilitation of canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy using granules of biphasic ceramic. This is a study design retrospective in a tertiary referral centre Fifty-seven patients (59 ears) operated on between 2006 and 2010 of mastoid obliteration ...
Todica Andrei - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate left ventricular functional parameters in healthy mice and in different murine models of cardiomyopathy with the novel blood pool (BP) positron emission tomography (PET) tracer [(68)Ga]-albumin. PROCEDURES: ECG-gated microPET examinations were obtained in healthy mice, and mice with dilative (DCM) and ...
Zhang Yi Y Research Imaging Institute, University of Texas Health Science Center, 8403 Floyd Curl Dr, San Antonio, TX 78229, - - 2013
To evaluate retinal and choroidal blood flow (BF) using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as well as visual function measured by the electroretinogram (ERG) in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). MRI studies were performed in 6 RP patients (29-67 years) and 5 healthy volunteers (29-64 years) on a 3-Tesla scanner ...
Craik Johnathan D - - 2013
Until recently, both the British Society for Haematology and American College of Chest Physicians recommended platelet monitoring in all surgical patients receiving prophylactic low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for the early diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). These guidelines were reversed in 2012 based upon an analysis considering resource expenditure, assay ...
Wolyniak Michael J - - 2013
A study of modern genetics requires students to successfully unite the principles of Mendelian genetics with the functions of DNA. Traditional means of teaching genetics are often successful in teaching Mendelian and molecular ideas but not in allowing students to see how the two subjects relate. The laboratory module presented ...
Filiopoulos Vassilis - - 2013
Significant thrombocytopenia following hemodialysis with electron-beam (e-beam) sterilized membranes has been recently reported in a large-scale Canadian study. However, the underlying mechanism and the clinical significance of this finding remain undetermined as yet. We prospectively evaluated for a 4-month period the thrombocytopenic effect of the e-beam sterilized dialyzers as compared ...
Dem Ahmadou - - 2013
Introduction. Epithelial ovarian cancer are the most frequent of ovarian cancer, their prognosis is very bad. The aim of this study is to describe the diagnosis, the treatment and to assess the survival rate of the patients. Methods. It was a retrospective study realized at the Cancer Institute of Dakar ...
Canis Martin - - 2013
The main objective of this study is to assess the feasibility of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) in the treatment of T4a laryngeal cancer and to report the oncological and functional outcomes. This is a retrospective case-series study, held in a single-institute, academic tertiary referral center. Seventy-nine patients with previously untreated ...
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