Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 3309
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Emory Jan - - 2013
Nurse educators need predictors of failure for early intervention. This study investigated the predictability of fundamentals, mental health, and pharmacology standardized assessment scores to identify the risk of baccalaureate students' failure on the NCLEX-RN. Using logistic regression the pharmacology assessment score was predictive with 73.7% accuracy. Use of the pharmacology ...
Sulley Anna - - 2013
To evaluate the ease with which astigmats from three groups of current non-wearers of toric contact lenses can be fitted with current toric soft lenses, and to determine toric lens-wearing success. This was a 1-month, randomized, bilateral, open-label, daily wear study involving 200 subjects and 16 investigational sites in the ...
Guo Shuguang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to observe the clinical effects of bilateral decompression via vertebral lamina fenestration for lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lower lumbar instability. The 48 patients comprised 27 males and 21 females, aged 47-72 years. Three cases had first and second degree lumbar spondylolisthesis ...
Baumann Andrea - - 2013
The advent of a more planned approach to workforces has led to increased interest in knowing exactly what workforces do, how much they cost and who their members are. Heightened interest in health human resources has highlighted the need for accurate definitions of nurse and nursing role and emphasized the ...
Poruk Katherine E KE Department of Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a dismal 5-year survival rate of 5%. There is an urgent need for early detection while the tumors are small and surgically resectable. We assessed serum osteopontin (OPN) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) as possible diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in a novel cohort ...
Fischer-Kern Melitta M Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. - - 2013
Depression is associated with profound impairments in social and interpersonal functioning. However, little research has addressed deficits in mentalizing capacity that may underlie these impairments. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the capacity for mentalization in female inpatients with depression in comparison with healthy controls. We assessed ...
Binks D A DA Section of Musculoskeletal Disease, Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2013
With increasing life expectancies and the desire to maintain active lifestyles well into old age, the impact of the debilitating disease osteoarthritis (OA) and its burden on healthcare services is mounting. Emerging regenerative therapies could deliver significant advances in the effective treatment of OA but rely upon the ability to ...
Yamane Hidehiro H Cytokine Biology Unit, Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. - - 2013
CD4(+) T-helper (Th) cells are a major cell population that play an important role in governing acquired immune responses to a variety of foreign antigens as well as inducing some types of autoimmune diseases. There are at least four distinct Th cell subsets (Th1, Th2, Th17, and inducible T-regulatory cells), ...
Keighley Tom - - 2013
KEIGHLEY T. (2013) Globalization: grasping the concept within the context of nursing. International Nursing Review60, 86-87 Globalization is a phenomenon traceable historically from the beginning of time as clans and tribes migrated and learnt from each other. The article in this issue of INR by Grootjans and Newman 'Globalization and ...
Karachaliou Niki - - 2013
: Lung adenocarcinoma patients harboring EGFR activating mutations attain improved progression-free survival (PFS) with treatment with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, patients ultimately relapse, indicating that other genetic factors could influence outcome in such patients. We hypothesized that PFS could be influenced by the expression of genes ...
Bourcier Matthew E - - 2013
Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare tumors of the endocrine and nervous systems. Whereas early surgical resection can significantly reduce tumor mass, there are few data available concerning the control of hormonal secretion and associated symptoms. Studies have shown that the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib significantly prolongs progression-free survival in ...
Chen Hsing-Mei - - 2013
: Excessive daytime sleepiness can increase heart failure (HF) mortality, cause poor medication adherence, and worsen quality of life in people with HF. Recognition of excessive daytime sleepiness can help improve HF management outcomes. : This study was designed to identify the determinants of daytime sleepiness in patients with HF ...
Kim Arthur Y AY Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Due to shared routes of transmission, coinfection with both human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) is relatively common and results in accelerated liver disease, driving morbidity and mortality. Deaths related to HCV now exceed deaths related to HIV in the United States, and co-infected patients ...
Chen Shaomin - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of the serum angiopoietin (Ang)-1 and Ang-2 levels and the Ang-2 to Ang-1 ratio (Ang-2/Ang-1) with heart failure (HF) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during hospitalization. The serum Ang-1 and Ang-2 levels of the AMI patients were ...
Wei Jinru - - 2013
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) play an important role in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Therefore, we aimed to observe the effects of combined PPARα/γ agonists on T2DM patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients were ...
Brown D - - 2013
BROWN D., RICKARD G., MUSTRIWATI K.A. & SEILER J. (2013) International partnerships and the development of a Sister Hospital Program. International Nursing Review60, 45-51 Background:  Despite some progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goals, there are still major discrepancies in health service provision between developed and developing countries. Nurses are ...
Hu Li-Guo - - 2013
The current study aimed to observe the effects of sufentanil and remifentanil combined with propofol in target-controlled infusion (TCI) on perioperative stress reaction in elderly patients. A total of 80 elderly patients requiring general anesthesia were recruited. They were divided into four groups (each n=20) according to different target concentrations ...
Newman Louise - - 2013
Asylum seekers represent a highly traumatized group with experiences of systematic oppression, loss, displacement, and exposure to violence. Around the world many are viewed with distrust and anxiety. The Australian response to asylum seekers is one that has used prolonged detention with significant negative impact on mental health. This has ...
Yoon Hyun-Min - - 2013
Ganoderma lucidum is a traditional Oriental medicine that has been widely used as a tonic to promote longevity and health in Korea and other Asian countries. Although a great deal of work has been carried out on the therapeutic potential of this mushroom, the pharmacological mechanisms of its anti-inflammatory actions ...
Ramiscal Roybel R - - 2013
T cells are known to migrate to B-cell-enriched follicles and germinal centers within secondary lymphoid organs to provide help to B cells. Cognate T:B interactions that take place at the T:B border and subsequently within germinal centers are essential for B-cell priming, differentiation into germinal center B cells, and selection ...
McGuire Liam P - - 2013
Many species of bats migrate long distances, but the physiological challenges of migration are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that migration is physiologically demanding for bats by examining migration-related phenotypic flexibility. Both bats and birds are endothermic, flying vertebrates; therefore, we predicted that migration would result in similar physiological ...
Raffaetà Roberta - - 2013
Based on an ethnographic study conducted in both biomedical and complementary and alternative medicine settings in north Italy, I explore how people and practitioners make sense of allergy and how patients utilize plural healing options. Despite a wide range of medical modalities, people categorize and use medicine according to whether ...
Aycock Dawn M - - 2013
Nursing students are a viable population for inclusion in research; however, the ease of recruiting students also places them at risk for harm. Students are subject to the formal authority of others, which can limit their autonomy. When designing research involving students, nurse educators must implement additional strategies to protect ...
Huang Qishun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of establishing dog models of lunatomalacia through liquid nitrogen freezing. Twelve adult crossbred dogs were divided into three groups. Unilateral lunates were peeled off the parenchyma and frozen to result in avascular necrosis. They were observed dynamically through X-ray, computed ...
Yang Peng P Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Computational Chemical Genomics Screening Center, School of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, United - - 2013
Cannabinoid receptors have gained increasing attention as drug targets for developing potential therapeutic ligands. Here, we report the discovery and optimization of triaryl sulfonamides as a novel series possessing significant CB2 receptor affinity and selectivity. Four sets of triaryl ligands were designed and synthesized for further structural modifications and led ...
Decloedt E H EH Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2013
Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) is recommended in patients on antiretroviral treatment. Isoniazid (INH) inhibits CYP3A4, which metabolises nevirapine (NVP). Administration of INH may cause higher NVP concentrations and toxicity. We studied the effect of INH on NVP concentrations in 21 patients randomised to either placebo (n = 13) or INH ...
Masese Linnet L Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104-2499, USA. - - 2013
In Africa, data on Chlamydia trachomatis infection are scarce because reliable diagnosis is costly and not widely available. Our objective was to evaluate the incidence and correlates of C. trachomatis infection among high-risk Kenyan women. We conducted prospective cohort analyses using data from a cohort of women who reported transactional ...
Zimmerman Lori A LA Department of Gastroenterology/Nutrition, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
Children with Crohn's disease (CD) may report abdominal pain despite clinical remission, suggesting that functional abdominal pain (FAP) may be playing a role. The aim of this study was to explore the presence and impact of FAP in children with CD in remission. Children, aged 9 to 17 years, with ...
Wang Hongpo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to obtain geometric data of in vivo patellar ligament (PL) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) by MRI and to analyze the correlation of the two with body weight, height and gender. A total of 157 cases with normal sagittal images of bilateral PL and ...
Kolls Jay K JK Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2013
CD4(+) T-helper subsets are lineages of T cells that have effector function in the lung and control critical aspects of lung immunity. Depletion of these cells experimentally or by drugs or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in humans leads to the development of opportunistic infections as well as increased rates ...
Hsieh Yueh-Tzu - - 2013
: Prenatal detection of cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) leads to high rates of induced termination of pregnancy. There has been little research in Taiwan done on the psychosocial factors affecting those who decide to continue their CL/P pregnancy. : This study identified the principal psychosocial factors that affect expecting ...
Duckett Kathryn - - 2013
Despite the role of the pharmacist in the delivery of community health care, anthropological research placing them at the center of enquiry has been limited. In this article, I explore the experience of independent community pharmacists in hyperdiverse, urban communities. Research was conducted in East and South-East London, combining participant ...
Smith Timothy D - - 2013
Among primates, partial or complete posterior closure of the orbit has been widely accepted as a shared derived characteristic justifying an exclusive tarsier-anthropoid clade, while some regard the tarsier lateral orbit as an elaborated postorbital bar (POB). To test these competing hypotheses while minimizing the confounding effect of tarsier orbital ...
Bernink Jochem - - 2013
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) constitute a family of effectors in innate immunity and regulators of tissue remodeling that have a cytokine and transcription factor expression pattern that parallels that of the T-helper (Th) cell family. Here, we discuss how ILCs can be categorized and summarize the current knowledge of Th1- ...
Kowatsch-Beyer K - - 2013
A resettlement medical screening program that refers refugees with a positive tuberculin skin test (TST) to a public health tuberculosis (TB) clinic for evaluation for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). To identify the proportion of refugees that were TST-positive, how many attended after referral for medical evaluation, what characteristics influenced follow-up, ...
Hudson Cindy E - - 2013
Interprofessional education is increasingly being used in nursing education. After presenting their integrative literature review of intervention studies of interprofessional education among baccalaureate nursing students, the authors conclude with a discussion of implications for nursing education practice and research.
Ratnarajan Gokulan - - 2013
To assess the impact of referral refinement criteria on the number of patients referred to, and first-visit discharges from, the Hospital Eye Service (HES) in relation to the National Institute for Health & Clinical Excellence (NICE) Glaucoma Guidelines, Joint College Group Guidance (JCG) and the NICE commissioning guidance. All low-risk ...
Uadkla Orathai - - 2013
Context: Pseuduvaria rugosa (Blume) Merr. (Annonacaea) grows widely in the south and southeast regions of Thailand. Preliminary screening for biological activities revealed that crude hexane, ethyl acetate, and acetone extracts from mixtures of leaves and twigs of P. rugosa showed cytotoxicity. Objective: Chemical constituents and their antiproliferative activity in K562, ...
Luzze H - - 2013
To determine the proportion of recurrent tuberculosis (TB) due to relapse with the patient's initial strain or reinfection with a new strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 1-2 years after anti-tuberculosis treatment in Uganda, a sub-Saharan TB-endemic country. Records of patients with culture-confirmed TB who completed treatment at an urban Ugandan clinic ...
Ross Colin A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether classical culture-bound syndromes occur among psychiatric inpatients with dissociative disorders in North America. The Dissociative Trance Disorder Interview Schedule, the Dissociative Experiences Scale, and the Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule were administered to 100 predominantly Caucasian, American, English-speaking trauma program inpatients at ...
Jatapai Anchalee - - 2013
Asymptomatic Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection and other sexually transmitted infections in men potentially contribute significantly in sustaining the spread of the infection. To describe the distribution and related sexual behaviors, we conducted a cross-sectional study among young Thai men using a (1:30) systematic sampling of all newly inducted military conscripts ...
Fleckman Philip P Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, DC 98195-6524, - - 2013
Recent studies of mice with hair defects have resulted in major contributions to the understanding of hair disorders. To use mouse models as a tool to study nail diseases, a basic understanding of the similarities and differences between the human and mouse nail unit is required. In this study we ...
Zúñiga Luis A - - 2013
T cells surviving the clonal selection process emigrate from the thymus to the periphery as immature naive T cells. In the periphery, upon activation under specific cytokine milieus, naive T cells adopt specific effector phenotypes, e.g. T-helper 1 (Th1), Th2, or Th17, and acquire diverse functions to control a myriad ...
Kang Y R - - 2013
Patients with new pulmonary infiltrates on chest computed tomography (CT) scans at a tertiary centre in South Korea. To demonstrate associations among radiological changes, blood eosinophilia (E) and Toxocara (T) seropositivity. We retrospectively reviewed blood eosinophilia, Toxocara seropositivity, history of raw meat intake and radiological features, and divided study patients ...
Tanner Sharon J - - 2013
This column provides information on accreditation for nursing programs of all types. Readers may submit questions to the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission. General questions of interest to a wide audience will be addressed in this column, whereas more specific questions or those requiring confidentiality will be answered directly.
Van Rie A A Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA. - - 2013
To assess the clinical utility and cost of point-of-care Xpert® MTB/RIF for the diagnosis of smear-negative tuberculosis (TB). Cohort study of smear-negative TB suspects at a South African primary care clinic. Participants provided one sputum sample for fluorescent smear microscopy and culture and an additional sample for Xpert. Outcomes of ...
Mori Yasuhisa - - 2013
The aim of this study was to establish a minimally invasive and simple screening test for detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) using duodenal juice (DJ). Duodenal juice was collected prospectively before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in 46 patients. A protease inhibitor was not added to the samples collected during the ...
Van Der Pol Barbara - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Performance characteristics of the Cobas 4800 CT/NG assay were estimated for vaginal swab samples from more than 4000 women. Vaginal samples identified 92.9% and 98.5% of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea infections, respectively, which was more than any other single specimen type (endocervical swabs or urine) regardless of collection method (clinician ...
Barbi Joseph J Department of Oncology, Immunology and Hematopoiesis Division, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
The interplay of the immune system with other aspects of physiology is continually being revealed and in some cases studied in considerable mechanistic detail. A prime example is the influence of metabolic cues on immune responses. It is well appreciated that upon activation, T cells take on a metabolic profile ...
Maimon N - - 2013
Tertiary care medical centre in Israel. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a predictor of poor outcome in patients with sarcoidosis. Early diagnosis may improve outcome. To determine factors that might contribute to the early diagnosis of PH in sarcoidosis patients with near normal lung function tests. Retrospective patient review. Data from ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >