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Mauch V - - 2013
The National Tuberculosis Programs of Ghana, Viet Nam and the Dominican Republic. To assess the direct and indirect costs of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment for patients and households. Each country translated and adapted a structured questionnaire, the Tool to Estimate Patients' Costs. A random sample of new adult patients ...
Gillespie Catherine W - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We evaluated 236 asymptomatic men for urethritis, assessed sexual behaviors, and tested urine for pathogens. Asymptomatic urethritis was present in 38 (16.1%). Of these, nearly half (42.1%) had a previously unrecognized discharge on examination; only 18.4% had a known pathogen. Correlates included black race, anal intercourse, and number of ...
Liu Han - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of patients following cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an intensive care unit (ICU) using bispectral index (BIS) monitoring. The study was a prospective comparative study performed at the academic department of an ICU. A total of 33 adults who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation ...
Santo Latonya - - 2013
To improve pass rates on the NCLEX-RN, many nursing programs have implemented progression policies that require a minimal passing score on a commercial standardized exit examination. In this article, the authors provide an overview of the controversy surrounding the use of these examinations in nursing education, including ethical, legal, cultural, ...
Wyles David L - - 2013
The addition of hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitors (PIs) to interferon and ribavirin therapy has significantly improved the efficacy of treatment for HCV infection. However, for patients who do not respond to therapy, the selection of HCV variants with resistance to PIs is likely. Resistant variants, such as R155K ...
Sar Vedat - - 2013
Societal conditions associated with overstimulation or understimulation may precipitate and maintain oppression among individuals and communities by inducing dissociation. Distortion of reality and the flooding of everyday awareness with irrelevant information by mass media is a type of community-wide overstimulation. Alternatively, stimulus deprivation enables single-minded thinking to be narrowly preoccupied ...
Haq Z - - 2013
A national-level study in four districts, one each in all four provinces of Pakistan, a high tuberculosis (TB) burden country. To examine how advocacy, communication and social mobilisation (ACSM) campaigns by the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) in Pakistan engaged the populations of interest, to what extent they were successful in ...
Song Jia-LE - - 2013
The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of hot water extracts from Quercus salicina leaves (QSWE) on alloxan-induced oxidative stress in HIT-T15 Syrian hamster pancreatic insulinoma cells. The HIT-T15 cells were treated with alloxan (1 mM) for 1 h and then co-incubated with the QSWE for 24 ...
Hsu Hung-Chih - - 2013
Propyl gallate (PG) is an antioxidant that has been used as an additive in several foods to protect against oxidation. The present study examined the anti-inflammatory effect of PG on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced inflammation in human THP-1 monocytes. Pretreatment with PG markedly inhibited the TPA-induced expression levels of cyclooxygenase-2 and prostaglandin ...
Chang Hui-Ying - - 2013
: Community health nurses are on the frontline of providing healthcare to multiethnic groups. Managing and providing effective, culture-specific healthcare can increase the health quality of Taiwan's recently immigrant women, a significant component of this country's population. : This study analyzes the cultural sensitivity of community health nurses and related ...
de Silva Samantha R - - 2013
New guidelines on glaucoma diagnosis and management were published by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) in 2009. The aim of this study was to determine whether these guidelines on glaucoma referral have changed the numbers of patients diagnosed with glaucoma in Oxford and whether the severity of disease ...
Cheng Luyang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of 64-multislice spiral computed tomography (64-MSCT) for coronary stenosis compared with selective X-ray coronary angiography (SCA). Patients with chest pain, chest tightness or coronary stenosis received SCA and they acted as the controls. The sensitivity and accuracy of 64-MSCT ...
Ramalingam Suresh S - - 2013
We conducted a phase II study of docetaxel in combination with everolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, for salvage therapy of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on promising preclinical and early-phase clinical data. Patients with advanced-stage NSCLC treated with one or two previous systemic therapy regimens were ...
Fan Hong-Yun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to observe the efficacy of clarithromycin-based triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori (Hp)-infected duodenal ulcer when combined with different pH levels of gastric juices. A total of 160 patients with Hp-infected duodenal ulcers were randomly allocated into two groups. Patients in the treatment group (n=80) ...
Kelly D A - - 2013
The intromittent organs of most amniotes contain variable-volume hydrostatic skeletons that are stored in a flexible state and inflate with fluid before or during copulation. However, the penis in male crocodilians is notable because its shaft does not seem to change either its shape or bending stiffness as blood enters ...
Chen Hsing-Mei - - 2013
: Excessive daytime sleepiness can increase heart failure (HF) mortality, cause poor medication adherence, and worsen quality of life in people with HF. Recognition of excessive daytime sleepiness can help improve HF management outcomes. : This study was designed to identify the determinants of daytime sleepiness in patients with HF ...
Chen Shaomin - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of the serum angiopoietin (Ang)-1 and Ang-2 levels and the Ang-2 to Ang-1 ratio (Ang-2/Ang-1) with heart failure (HF) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during hospitalization. The serum Ang-1 and Ang-2 levels of the AMI patients were ...
Wei Jinru - - 2013
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) play an important role in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Therefore, we aimed to observe the effects of combined PPARα/γ agonists on T2DM patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients were ...
Brown D - - 2013
BROWN D., RICKARD G., MUSTRIWATI K.A. & SEILER J. (2013) International partnerships and the development of a Sister Hospital Program. International Nursing Review60, 45-51 Background:  Despite some progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goals, there are still major discrepancies in health service provision between developed and developing countries. Nurses are ...
Hu Li-Guo - - 2013
The current study aimed to observe the effects of sufentanil and remifentanil combined with propofol in target-controlled infusion (TCI) on perioperative stress reaction in elderly patients. A total of 80 elderly patients requiring general anesthesia were recruited. They were divided into four groups (each n=20) according to different target concentrations ...
Decloedt E H - - 2013
Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) is recommended in patients on antiretroviral treatment. Isoniazid (INH) inhibits CYP3A4, which metabolises nevirapine (NVP). Administration of INH may cause higher NVP concentrations and toxicity. We studied the effect of INH on NVP concentrations in 21 patients randomised to either placebo (n = 13) or INH ...
Wang Hongpo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to obtain geometric data of in vivo patellar ligament (PL) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) by MRI and to analyze the correlation of the two with body weight, height and gender. A total of 157 cases with normal sagittal images of bilateral PL and ...
Rutz Sascha - - 2013
Interleukin-22 (IL-22) has important functions in host defense at mucosal surfaces as well as in tissue repair. It is unique as a cytokine that is produced by immune cells, including T-helper (Th) cell subsets and innate lymphocytes, but acts only on non-hematopoietic stromal cells, in particular epithelial cells, keratinocytes, and ...
Pickering Lucy - - 2013
There is a particular silence around the social life of defecation. Little analyzed, rarely discussed in polite conversation, it largely appears only at moments of dysfunction. For active heroin users, digestion is often characterized by such dysfunction and experienced through constipation; recovery, a welcome return to defecating 'normally.' Drawing on ...
de la Sierra Alejandro - - 2013
The main purpose in hypertension treatment is the reduction of cardiovascular disease burden. Among different first-line antihypertensive drug classes, angiotensin-receptor blockers are characterized by their both good effectiveness and tolerability. Furthermore, the interruption of the renin-angiotensin cascade is related with several benefits in target organ protection and cardiovascular prevention. Among ...
Garcea Giuseppe - - 2013
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) results in an extremely poor quality of life and substantially increases health care utilization. Few data exist regarding the cost-effectiveness of surgical treatment for CP. This article examined the cost-effectiveness of total pancreatectomy (TP) with islet cell autotransplantation (IAT) for CP. Sixty patients undergoing TP + IAT ...
Li Jianwen - - 2013
Intramedullary schwannoma is often misdiagnosed as other types of malignant tumour prior to surgery due to its atypical imaging appearance and low incidence. In the present study, a case of small intramedullary schwannoma was analysed using clinical and imaging data. Data concerning the surgery and follow-up process of this case ...
Baumann Andrea - - 2013
The advent of a more planned approach to workforces has led to increased interest in knowing exactly what workforces do, how much they cost and who their members are. Heightened interest in health human resources has highlighted the need for accurate definitions of nurse and nursing role and emphasized the ...
Ahmed Suleiman M M - - 2013
To evaluate the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) stigma and to determine the relation between socio-demographic characteristics and TB stigma among TB cases and their controls in Gezira State, Sudan. A case-control study design was used. New smear-positive TB patients registered in Gezira State in 2010 (n = 425) and controls ...
McGee Matthew D - - 2013
Sexual dimorphism is common in nature and has the potential to increase intraspecific variation in performance and patterns of resource use. We sought to determine whether anadromous threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus, exhibit sexual dimorphism in feeding kinematics. We filmed four males and four females consuming live prey in a total ...
Gendron Sébastien P - - 2013
In human skin, the 3895-bp deletion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA(3895)) is catalysed by ultraviolet (UV) light through the generation of reactive oxygen species. Given its function in vision, the human eye is exposed to oxidising UV and blue light in its anterior (cornea, iris) and posterior (retina) structures. In this ...
Chang Yu-Ting - - 2013
: Menstruation is a significant part of women's lives. It has been studied from many perspectives to draw various conclusions about biological and physiological development, gender differences, and sociocultural environments. : The purpose of this study was to explore how male and female pubescent students perceive and interpret menarche and ...
Curry Michael P - - 2013
Since the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy, liver disease has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Chronic viral hepatitis accounts for >80% of liver-related mortality. Liver-related morbidity is due to acceleration of hepatitis C virus (HCV) disease, drug-induced hepatotoxicity, ...
Duncan Ryan P - - 2013
: The Four Square Step Test (4SST), a quick and simple test of multidirectional stepping, may be useful in predicting falls in people with Parkinson disease (PD). We studied the reliability of the 4SST and its ability to discriminate between freezers and nonfreezers, between fallers and nonfallers, and factors predictive ...
Zhai Jianwen - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression levels of the death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) and E-cadherin in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and their correlation with clinical and pathological factors. Immunohistochemistry [streptavidin-peroxidase (SP) method], in situ hybridization, immunoblot assays and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) were used to detect ...
Luo Sheng - - 2013
Patients with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have unfavorable prognosis and require innovative therapeutic approaches. In this study we used fludarabine combined with a middle dose of cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C), mitoxantrone and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) as a salvage therapy for patients with relapsed AML in China. Forty-five patients with ...
Pressler Jana L - - 2013
Many new nursing leaders assuming deanships, assistant, or interim deanships have limited education, experience, or background to prepare them for the job. To assist new deans and those aspiring to be deans, the authors of this department offer survival tips based on their experiences and insights. They address common issues, ...
Zhou Birong - - 2013
Fibrinogen (Fg) contributes to thrombosis and hemostasis and plays a role in inflammation. Fg is also known to play a significant role in atherosclerosis (AS). P-selectin has been associated with AS. The present study aimed to identify the role of Fg in AS and to examine the possible mechanisms behind ...
Huang Fu-Jung - - 2013
: Stress is considered a crucial trigger for physical and mental illness. Stress reduction is a known long-term benefit of regular Hatha yoga practice. The efficacy of a single-session Hatha yoga class on stress reduction is not currently known. : This study investigated the comparative effectiveness of a single 90-minute ...
Kirenga B J - - 2013
A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinic in a setting of high tuberculosis (TB) and HIV prevalence. To study the incidence of and factors associated with tuberculin skin test (TST) conversion in HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Prospective cohort study of TST-negative, ART-naïve HIV patients (CD4 cell count < 250 ...
Owusu-Edusei Kwame K - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We analyzed medical insurance claims data (2005-2009) to determine the hospitalization costs of newborns with congenital syphilis (CS) diagnoses. We found 44 admission claims with CS diagnosis. The excess cost per case of CS (in 2009 US dollars) was estimated at $9969 (95% confidence interval, $5702-$16,769).
Liu Jingchen - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of using one-stage posterior C2 and C3 pedicle screw fixation or combined anterior C2-C3 fusion in the treatment of unstable hangman's fracture. A total of 13 patients with unstable hangman's fractures underwent C2 and C3 pedicle screw fixation, lamina interbody fusion or ...
Chhim Sotheara - - 2013
Whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) sufficiently explains and encompasses the symptoms experienced by people from non-Western cultures is debatable. The etymological, social, and historical contexts of idioms of distress experienced by Khmer, known as baksbat, were studied through interviews with 53 Cambodian experts. Phey-khlach (double fear), bor-veas-cheas-chgnay (wishing that the ...
Karan Sanjay Kumar - - 2013
Context: In the Indian traditional system of medicine, Streblus asper Lour (Moraceae) is prescribed for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Objective: In the present study, α-amyrin acetate isolated from S. asper, and the petroleum ether extract of S. asper stem bark (PESA) was screened for their antidiabetic properties in streptozotocin ...
Zhang Jian-Feng - - 2013
The DNA methylation inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) is widely used as an anticancer drug for the treatment of leukemia and solid tumors. Gastric cancer (GC) patients who were positive for caudal type homeobox transcription factor 2 (CDX2) expression showed a higher survival rate compared with those who were CDX2 negative, which ...
Rangel-López Angélica - - 2013
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have signs of genomic instability and, as a consequence, extensive genetic damage, possibly due to accumulation of uraemic toxins, oxidative stress mediators and other endogenous substances with genotoxic properties. We explored factors associated with the presence and background levels of genetic damage in CKD. ...
Hegeman Elizabeth - - 2013
Historical connections are suggested between the domination of 1 culture by another and dissociative spiritual and religious responses to that oppression. Connections are drawn between colonial oppression, trauma, and 3 examples of dissociation and spirit possession: the Zar cult of Southern Sudan, "Puerto Rican syndrome" or ataque, and the Balinese ...
Fu Wei - - 2013
Context: A new caffeic acid derivative, named (7'Z)-3-O-(3, 4-dihydroxyphenylethenyl)-caffeic acid (CADP), extracted from Abacopteris penangiana (Hook.) Ching. Objective: To elucidate the neuroprotective effect of CADP against H(2)O(2)-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells and d-galactose (d-gal)-induced neurotoxicity in mice brain. Materials and methods: CADP was isolated from the methanol extract of the ...
Bhat R Y - - 2013
In developing countries, acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRTI) cause considerable morbidity, hospitalisation and mortality in children aged <5 years. A prospective case-control study was conducted to identify potential socio-demographic, nutritional and environmental risk factors for ALRTI. The World Health Organization definition for ALRTI was used for cases. Healthy children ...
Marchetti Antonio - - 2013
INTRODUCTION:: Recent clinical trials led to the approval of crizotinib (PF-02341066; Pfizer) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients whose tumors are positive for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) alterations. The European Medicines Agency accepted the regulatory submission ...
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