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Putnam Frank W - - 2013
Interrogation, the questioning of persons detained by police, military, or intelligence organizations, is designed to extract information that a subject may resist disclosing. Interrogation techniques are frequently predicated on inducing mental states of despair, dread, dependency, and debility that weaken an individual's resistance. Descriptions of techniques from 2 Central Intelligence ...
Golebiowski Blanka - - 2013
Assessment of corneal sensory function is more frequently being carried out using novel non-contact methods, which promise better stimulus control and a greater intensity range than more traditional techniques. An examination of the characteristics of the air-jet stimulus of these 'non-contact' aesthesiometers is important to enable an understanding of how ...
Zúñiga Luis A - - 2013
T cells surviving the clonal selection process emigrate from the thymus to the periphery as immature naive T cells. In the periphery, upon activation under specific cytokine milieus, naive T cells adopt specific effector phenotypes, e.g. T-helper 1 (Th1), Th2, or Th17, and acquire diverse functions to control a myriad ...
Kang Y R - - 2013
Patients with new pulmonary infiltrates on chest computed tomography (CT) scans at a tertiary centre in South Korea. To demonstrate associations among radiological changes, blood eosinophilia (E) and Toxocara (T) seropositivity. We retrospectively reviewed blood eosinophilia, Toxocara seropositivity, history of raw meat intake and radiological features, and divided study patients ...
Tanner Sharon J - - 2013
This column provides information on accreditation for nursing programs of all types. Readers may submit questions to the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission. General questions of interest to a wide audience will be addressed in this column, whereas more specific questions or those requiring confidentiality will be answered directly.
Sachs Adah - - 2013
This article examines the prevalence and types of modifications to professional boundaries that occur in the treatment of people with dissociative disorders (DDs) and considers some of the implications of the findings. The study is based on the replies of 163 professionals to a 20-question survey. The survey compared the ...
St Onge Judith - - 2013
There is a growing call to include quality and safety content into nursing curricula that are already overburdened with content. Yet evidence suggests that many nursing schools have not yet done so. The authors describe 1 innovative, experiential approach to teaching quality and safety in the clinical environment. This approach, ...
Makhmoor Talat - - 2013
Context: In the course of searching hepatoprotective agents from natural sources, the protective effect of chemical constituents of the marine brown alga Spatoglossum variabile Figaro et DE Notar (Dictyoaceae) against CCl(4)-induced liver damage in Wistar rats was investigated. The compounds were first investigated for in vitro radical scavenging potential and ...
Hao Guangtao - - 2013
A rapid, sensitive and specific HPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the quantification of potassium oxonate (Oxo) in human plasma using [(13)C(2),(15)N(3)]-Oxo as an internal standard (IS). The target substance was separated from human plasma using the solid-phase extraction method. Chromatography separation was performed on a Waters:Atlantis dC(18) column ...
Ramiscal Roybel R - - 2013
T cells are known to migrate to B-cell-enriched follicles and germinal centers within secondary lymphoid organs to provide help to B cells. Cognate T:B interactions that take place at the T:B border and subsequently within germinal centers are essential for B-cell priming, differentiation into germinal center B cells, and selection ...
McGuire Liam P - - 2013
Many species of bats migrate long distances, but the physiological challenges of migration are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that migration is physiologically demanding for bats by examining migration-related phenotypic flexibility. Both bats and birds are endothermic, flying vertebrates; therefore, we predicted that migration would result in similar physiological ...
Raffaetà Roberta - - 2013
Based on an ethnographic study conducted in both biomedical and complementary and alternative medicine settings in north Italy, I explore how people and practitioners make sense of allergy and how patients utilize plural healing options. Despite a wide range of medical modalities, people categorize and use medicine according to whether ...
Aycock Dawn M - - 2013
Nursing students are a viable population for inclusion in research; however, the ease of recruiting students also places them at risk for harm. Students are subject to the formal authority of others, which can limit their autonomy. When designing research involving students, nurse educators must implement additional strategies to protect ...
Huang Qishun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of establishing dog models of lunatomalacia through liquid nitrogen freezing. Twelve adult crossbred dogs were divided into three groups. Unilateral lunates were peeled off the parenchyma and frozen to result in avascular necrosis. They were observed dynamically through X-ray, computed ...
Van Rie A - - 2013
To assess the clinical utility and cost of point-of-care Xpert® MTB/RIF for the diagnosis of smear-negative tuberculosis (TB). Cohort study of smear-negative TB suspects at a South African primary care clinic. Participants provided one sputum sample for fluorescent smear microscopy and culture and an additional sample for Xpert. Outcomes of ...
Mori Yasuhisa - - 2013
The aim of this study was to establish a minimally invasive and simple screening test for detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) using duodenal juice (DJ). Duodenal juice was collected prospectively before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in 46 patients. A protease inhibitor was not added to the samples collected during the ...
Van Der Pol Barbara - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Performance characteristics of the Cobas 4800 CT/NG assay were estimated for vaginal swab samples from more than 4000 women. Vaginal samples identified 92.9% and 98.5% of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea infections, respectively, which was more than any other single specimen type (endocervical swabs or urine) regardless of collection method (clinician ...
Baglar Rosslyn - - 2013
This article explores diabetes mellitus in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), with an analysis of gift exchange and hospitality revealing how rapid environmental and economic transformations have led to chronicities of physical activity, food, and stress; uniting at a critical point in time to produce chronicities of modernity that precipitate ...
Oliveras Anna - - 2013
There is no doubt that patients with high blood pressure (BP) are at higher cardiovascular and death risk than those subjects whose BP levels are below the admitted normal threshold. However, most of the epidemiological surveys show that BP is uncontrolled in more than fifty percent of hypertensive subjects. There ...
He Yue-Jun - - 2013
Estrogen receptor-α (ERα) is essential for estrogen-dependent growth and its level of expression is a crucial determinant of response to endocrine therapy and prognosis in ERα-positive breast cancer. Breast cancer patients show a wide range of ERα expression levels which change in individual patients during disease progression and in response ...
Huang Tsuey-Yuan - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Dyspnea is the most common and distressing symptom of heart failure (HF). Evidence from empirical studies has shown that multiple factors apart from pathophysiological changes may influence this symptom. PURPOSE:: This study explored the moderating effect of psychosocial factors between clinical characteristics and dyspnea in patients with HF. To ...
Lauer Georg M - - 2013
Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) typically leads to persistent infection, with >170 million people estimated to be affected worldwide, putting them at risk for chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Importantly, 20%-30% of individuals are able to control the virus spontaneously, usually within 6 months of exposure. This ...
Zhou Dong - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the early effects of interspinous spacers on lumbar degenerative disease. The clinical outcomes of 23 patients with lumbar degenerative disease, treated using interspinous spacer implantation alone or combined with posterior lumbar fusion, were retrospectively studied and assessed with a visual analogue scale (VAS) and ...
Lue Yanhe - - 2013
Synthetic progestins such as levonorgestrel (LNG) are used in combination with testosterone (T) in male contraceptive clinical trials to suppress gonadotropins secretion, but whether progestins have additional direct effects on the testis are not known. This study aimed to examine the effect of a potent progestin, (LNG), alone or in ...
Gu Lian - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to assess the beneficial and harmful effects of ruxolitinib in patients with myelofibrosis (MF). The Cochrane databases, PubMed and Embase were searched for studies published up to October 2012. Randomised controlled trials assessing ruxolitinib versus a placebo or the best available therapy in ...
Keighley Tom - - 2013
KEIGHLEY T. (2013) Globalization: grasping the concept within the context of nursing. International Nursing Review60, 86-87 Globalization is a phenomenon traceable historically from the beginning of time as clans and tribes migrated and learnt from each other. The article in this issue of INR by Grootjans and Newman 'Globalization and ...
Karachaliou Niki - - 2013
: Lung adenocarcinoma patients harboring EGFR activating mutations attain improved progression-free survival (PFS) with treatment with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, patients ultimately relapse, indicating that other genetic factors could influence outcome in such patients. We hypothesized that PFS could be influenced by the expression of genes ...
Bourcier Matthew E - - 2013
Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare tumors of the endocrine and nervous systems. Whereas early surgical resection can significantly reduce tumor mass, there are few data available concerning the control of hormonal secretion and associated symptoms. Studies have shown that the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib significantly prolongs progression-free survival in ...
Kowatsch-Beyer K - - 2013
A resettlement medical screening program that refers refugees with a positive tuberculin skin test (TST) to a public health tuberculosis (TB) clinic for evaluation for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). To identify the proportion of refugees that were TST-positive, how many attended after referral for medical evaluation, what characteristics influenced follow-up, ...
Hudson Cindy E - - 2013
Interprofessional education is increasingly being used in nursing education. After presenting their integrative literature review of intervention studies of interprofessional education among baccalaureate nursing students, the authors conclude with a discussion of implications for nursing education practice and research.
Ratnarajan Gokulan - - 2013
To assess the impact of referral refinement criteria on the number of patients referred to, and first-visit discharges from, the Hospital Eye Service (HES) in relation to the National Institute for Health & Clinical Excellence (NICE) Glaucoma Guidelines, Joint College Group Guidance (JCG) and the NICE commissioning guidance. All low-risk ...
Uadkla Orathai - - 2013
Context: Pseuduvaria rugosa (Blume) Merr. (Annonacaea) grows widely in the south and southeast regions of Thailand. Preliminary screening for biological activities revealed that crude hexane, ethyl acetate, and acetone extracts from mixtures of leaves and twigs of P. rugosa showed cytotoxicity. Objective: Chemical constituents and their antiproliferative activity in K562, ...
Newman Louise - - 2013
Asylum seekers represent a highly traumatized group with experiences of systematic oppression, loss, displacement, and exposure to violence. Around the world many are viewed with distrust and anxiety. The Australian response to asylum seekers is one that has used prolonged detention with significant negative impact on mental health. This has ...
Yoon Hyun-Min - - 2013
Ganoderma lucidum is a traditional Oriental medicine that has been widely used as a tonic to promote longevity and health in Korea and other Asian countries. Although a great deal of work has been carried out on the therapeutic potential of this mushroom, the pharmacological mechanisms of its anti-inflammatory actions ...
Mauch V - - 2013
The National Tuberculosis Programs of Ghana, Viet Nam and the Dominican Republic. To assess the direct and indirect costs of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment for patients and households. Each country translated and adapted a structured questionnaire, the Tool to Estimate Patients' Costs. A random sample of new adult patients ...
Gillespie Catherine W - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We evaluated 236 asymptomatic men for urethritis, assessed sexual behaviors, and tested urine for pathogens. Asymptomatic urethritis was present in 38 (16.1%). Of these, nearly half (42.1%) had a previously unrecognized discharge on examination; only 18.4% had a known pathogen. Correlates included black race, anal intercourse, and number of ...
Liu Han - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of patients following cardiopulmonary resuscitation in an intensive care unit (ICU) using bispectral index (BIS) monitoring. The study was a prospective comparative study performed at the academic department of an ICU. A total of 33 adults who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation ...
Santo Latonya - - 2013
To improve pass rates on the NCLEX-RN, many nursing programs have implemented progression policies that require a minimal passing score on a commercial standardized exit examination. In this article, the authors provide an overview of the controversy surrounding the use of these examinations in nursing education, including ethical, legal, cultural, ...
Yu Helena A - - 2013
: Development of acquired resistance limits the utility of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) for the treatment of EGFR-mutant lung cancers. There are no accepted targeted therapies for use after acquired resistance develops. Metastasectomy is used in other cancers to manage oligometastatic disease. We hypothesized that ...
Wyles David L - - 2013
The addition of hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitors (PIs) to interferon and ribavirin therapy has significantly improved the efficacy of treatment for HCV infection. However, for patients who do not respond to therapy, the selection of HCV variants with resistance to PIs is likely. Resistant variants, such as R155K ...
Sar Vedat - - 2013
Societal conditions associated with overstimulation or understimulation may precipitate and maintain oppression among individuals and communities by inducing dissociation. Distortion of reality and the flooding of everyday awareness with irrelevant information by mass media is a type of community-wide overstimulation. Alternatively, stimulus deprivation enables single-minded thinking to be narrowly preoccupied ...
Haq Z - - 2013
A national-level study in four districts, one each in all four provinces of Pakistan, a high tuberculosis (TB) burden country. To examine how advocacy, communication and social mobilisation (ACSM) campaigns by the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) in Pakistan engaged the populations of interest, to what extent they were successful in ...
Song Jia-LE - - 2013
The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of hot water extracts from Quercus salicina leaves (QSWE) on alloxan-induced oxidative stress in HIT-T15 Syrian hamster pancreatic insulinoma cells. The HIT-T15 cells were treated with alloxan (1 mM) for 1 h and then co-incubated with the QSWE for 24 ...
Hsu Hung-Chih - - 2013
Propyl gallate (PG) is an antioxidant that has been used as an additive in several foods to protect against oxidation. The present study examined the anti-inflammatory effect of PG on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced inflammation in human THP-1 monocytes. Pretreatment with PG markedly inhibited the TPA-induced expression levels of cyclooxygenase-2 and prostaglandin ...
Chang Hui-Ying - - 2013
: Community health nurses are on the frontline of providing healthcare to multiethnic groups. Managing and providing effective, culture-specific healthcare can increase the health quality of Taiwan's recently immigrant women, a significant component of this country's population. : This study analyzes the cultural sensitivity of community health nurses and related ...
de Silva Samantha R - - 2013
New guidelines on glaucoma diagnosis and management were published by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) in 2009. The aim of this study was to determine whether these guidelines on glaucoma referral have changed the numbers of patients diagnosed with glaucoma in Oxford and whether the severity of disease ...
Cheng Luyang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of 64-multislice spiral computed tomography (64-MSCT) for coronary stenosis compared with selective X-ray coronary angiography (SCA). Patients with chest pain, chest tightness or coronary stenosis received SCA and they acted as the controls. The sensitivity and accuracy of 64-MSCT ...
Ramalingam Suresh S - - 2013
We conducted a phase II study of docetaxel in combination with everolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, for salvage therapy of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on promising preclinical and early-phase clinical data. Patients with advanced-stage NSCLC treated with one or two previous systemic therapy regimens were ...
Fan Hong-Yun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to observe the efficacy of clarithromycin-based triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori (Hp)-infected duodenal ulcer when combined with different pH levels of gastric juices. A total of 160 patients with Hp-infected duodenal ulcers were randomly allocated into two groups. Patients in the treatment group (n=80) ...
Kelly D A - - 2013
The intromittent organs of most amniotes contain variable-volume hydrostatic skeletons that are stored in a flexible state and inflate with fluid before or during copulation. However, the penis in male crocodilians is notable because its shaft does not seem to change either its shape or bending stiffness as blood enters ...
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