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Li S J - - 2013
SUMMARY In recent years, human leptospirosis has been reported in Jinping and Liping counties, Guizhou province, but the leptospires have never been isolated. To track the source of infection and understand the aetiological characteristics, we performed surveillance for field mice carriage of leptospirosis in 2011. Four strains of leptospire were ...
Han Yingjie - - 2013
The ability of macrophages to cause acute inflammatory glomerular injury is well established; however, the role of macrophages in the fibrotic phase of chronic kidney disease remains poorly understood. This study examined the role of macrophages in the fibrotic phase (days 14 to 35) of established crescentic glomerulonephritis. Nephrotoxic serum ...
Haberer Christina M - - 2013
Oxygen transfer in the capillary fringe (CF) is of primary importance for a wide variety of biogeochemical processes occurring in shallow groundwater systems. In case of a fluctuating groundwater table two distinct mechanisms of oxygen transfer within the capillary zone can be identified: vertical predominantly diffusive mass flux of oxygen, ...
Cejalvo Teresa - - 2013
Previous analysis on the thymus of erythropoietin-producing hepatocyte kinases (Eph) B knockout mice and chimeras revealed that Eph-Eph receptor-interacting proteins (ephrins) are expressed both on T cells and thymic epithelial cells (TECs) and play a role in defining the thymus microenvironments. In the current study, we have used the Cre-LoxP ...
Bormann J Minick - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine some of the factors that affect student success in a genetics course. Genetics for the College of Agriculture is taught in the Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, and covers Mendelian inheritance, molecular genetics, and quantitative/population genetics. Data collected from 1,516 students ...
Faubladier C - - 2013
This study evaluated the effect of transportation on fecal bacterial communities and activities in horses with or without supplementation with live yeast and attempted to link those effects with changes in blood stress markers. Four mature horses were assigned to a crossover design and fed a basal diet (60:40 forage ...
Lissel Franziska - - 2013
trans-I-Fe(depe)2-I (depe = 1,2-bis(diethylphosphino)ethane) was employed to stepwise incorporate Fe(II) centers into a rigid-rod butadiyne based 5,10,15,20-tetraferra-tetracosa-1,3,6,8,11,13,16,18,21,23-decayne. The iterative synthesis first connects two Fe(II) centers via a central butadiynediyl ligand to provide I-Fe(depe)2-C4-Fe(depe)2-I 2, then extends the system by substituting the terminal halides of 2 to yield Me3SiC4-Fe(depe)2-C4-Fe(depe)2-C4SiMe3 3. Further ...
Ming Jun - - 2013
A simple and industrial scalable approach was developed to encapsulate metal oxide nanocrystals into porous carbon (PC) with a high distribution. With this method, the composite of PC-metal oxide were prepared in a large amount with a low cost; particularly they exhibit ultrahigh performances in lithium-ion battery applications. For example, ...
Murias Juan M - - 2013
The dynamic adjustment and amplitude of the endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of the carotid, aorta, iliac and femoral vessels were measured in response to acute low- (LI) or high-intensity (HI) endurance exercise. Vasorelaxation to 10(-4) M ACh (ACh) was evaluated in 10 control, 10 LI, and 10 HI rats. Two mm sections ...
Fissell William H - - 2013
The long-term survival for many chronic kidney failure patients who remain treated by dialysis in economically advanced countries remains similar to that of those with solid-organ malignancy, despite a disproportionate amount of health-care expenditure. As such, the current paradigm of three times weekly in-center hemodialysis for 4 h or shorter sessions ...
Batchelder A W - - 2013
Abstract Active drug use among HIV-infected persons is associated with poor adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and suboptimal treatment outcomes. To understand adherence experiences among HIV-infected drug users, we conducted semistructured interviews with 15 participants in a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of directly observed HAART delivered ...
Poon June M L - - 2013
This study sought to test the predictive effects of perceived career support and affective commitment on work engagement. It was hypothesized that perceived career support would relate positively to work engagement and this relationship would be transmitted through affective commitment. Survey data were collected from 115 full-time employees enrolled as ...
Conde Virginia - - 2013
Spike timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) has been proposed as one of the key mechanisms underlying learning and memory. Repetitive median nerve stimulation (MNS) followed by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the contralateral primary motor cortex (M1), defined as paired associative stimulation (PAS), has been used as an in vivo model of ...
Nováková Jaroslava - - 2013
The aim of the study was to assess the effects of exposure to low doses of lead dissolved in drinking water (average daily dose of 2.2 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) on selected carbohydrate metabolism parameters in 20 wistar rats. Animals were divided into two groups - control (C) (group drinking clear ...
Nardelli-Haefliger Denise - - 2013
Immunization route may be pivotal for tissue-specific localization of the effector T cell response (Sandoval et al., this issue).
Stecker Eric C - - 2013
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation emphasize accountable care organizations (ACOs) as mechanisms for achieving cost savings while ensuring high-quality care. ACOs are expected to contain costs through improvements in health care delivery and realignment of financial incentives, but their effectiveness remains unproved, ...
Otsuka Hajime - - 2013
A 22-year old man presented with a massive haemothorax 25 days after bullectomy for a spontaneous pneumothorax. Thoracoscopic surgery revealed ongoing bleeding from the chest wall caused by a sharp edge of the Endoloop Ligature (Ethicon Endo-Surgery) used to resect the remaining small part of the lung at the earlier ...
Kay Vanessa R - - 2013
Abstract Phthalate diesters, widely used in flexible plastics and consumer products, have become prevalent contaminants in the environment. Human exposure is ubiquitous and higher phthalate metabolite concentrations documented in patients using medications with phthalate-containing slow release capsules raises concerns for potential health effects. Furthermore, animal studies suggest that phthalate exposure ...
Chao Guoxiang - - 2013
Abstract A diverse collection of 261 Staphylococcus aureus strains from human, animal, food, and environmental sources were tested for the presence and type of SCCmec elements, antibiotic susceptibility to various antibiotics, and non-ß-lactam antibiotic resistance genes. About 18.39% (48/261) of strains were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) including 29.75% (36/121) human ...
Pachow Doreen - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the mTORC1 (mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1) pathway in meningiomas and to explore mTORC1 as a therapeutic target in meningioma cell lines and mouse models.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Tissue microarrays (53 meningiomas of all WHO grades) were stained for phosphorylated polypeptides of mTOR, Akt, and the mTORC1 targets ...
Novoselov Alexey Alexandrovich - - 2013
Abstract Early in its history, Earth's surface developed from an uninhabitable magma ocean to a place where life could emerge. The first organisms, lacking ion transporters, fixed the composition of their cradle environment in their intracellular fluid. Later, though life adapted and spread, it preserved some qualities of its initial ...
Carrasco R - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of level of dried distillers grains plus solubles (DDGS) supplementation (0, 10, 20, and 30%, DM basis), replacing steam-flaked (SF) corn in finishing diets, on characteristics of digestion (Exp. 1) and growth performance (Exp. 2) in calf-fed Holstein steers fed. In Exp.1, ...
Singh Shiv K - - 2013
Mutational activation of K-Ras is a key genetic event involved in the initiation of pancreatic carcinogenesis. However, K-Ras generally fails to transform precursor lesions into invasive cancers due to activation of powerful fail-safe programmes that counteract transformation and growth. The importance of cellular senescence, a permanent cell growth arrest, is ...
Opalka Suzanne M - - 2013
It is demonstrated that homogeneous N-heterocyclic carbene-copper(I)-chloride complexes can be prepared continuously by flowing NHC precursors through a packed bed of solid Cu(2)O suspended in molecular sieves. The method enables the synthesis of a wide range of complexes including those that are challenging to prepare using standard approaches. Our strategy ...
Manu Peter - - 2013
Background: The hospital outcome of patients with dementia is significantly worse than that of cognitively intact persons of the same age admitted to medical or surgical units but has not been investigated in psychiatric settings. Aim of study: To determine the medical outcome of patients with dementia admitted for behavioral ...
Schilders Ernest - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Chronic adductor enthesopathy is a well-known cause of groin pain in athletes. Currently, percutaneous nonselective adductor tenotomies give mixed results and not always predictable outcomes. HYPOTHESIS:A selective partial adductor longus release as treatment for recalcitrant chronic adductor longus enthesopathy provides excellent pain relief with a prompt and consistent return to ...
Belenchia Anthony M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obese adolescents are at a greater risk of vitamin D deficiency because vitamin D is thought to be sequestered by excess adipose tissue. Poor vitamin D status has been associated with a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, or both in adults and adolescents.Objective: The objective ...
Romkes Gwendolyna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate how two closure techniques after full-thickness V-shaped excision relate to wound recovery and how these techniques affect eyelid function and stability of the preocular tear film. ANIMALS STUDIED: Thirty-eight dogs with 43 eyelid tumors involving <25% of eyelid margin length were included in a ...
Sane F - - 2013
The role of enteroviruses in type 1 diabetes has long been suspected. A lower risk of type 1 diabetes is associated with breastfeeding, which could be due to a protective effect against enteroviruses. The neutralizing activity of breast milk against CVB4, a representative of enteroviruses was investigated in this study ...
Zhang S - - 2013
Our objective was to determine if the severity of short-term feed restriction (FR) affects the timeline for recovery of the absorptive function of the reticulo-rumen and barrier function of the total gastrointestinal tract in beef cattle. Eighteen ruminally cannulated and ovariectomized Angus × Hereford heifers were housed in individual pens. ...
Yang W S - - 2013
BackgroundNo prospective study has investigated the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the risk of primary liver cancer (PLC) in mainland China, and little is known about the effect of diabetes duration on PLC risk.DesignData from two population-based cohorts (the Shanghai Men's Health Study, SMHS, 2002-2006 and the ...
Kamm Gretel B - - 2013
To identify the evolutionary genetic novelties that contributed to shape human-specific traits such as the use of a complex language, long term planning and exceptional learning abilities is one of the ultimate frontiers of modern biology. Evolutionary signatures of functional shifts could be detected by comparing non-coding regions that are ...
Abu-Amero Khaled K - - 2013
Abstract Background: To carefully assess the phenotype and genotype of a patient with partial mosaic trisomy 8 with particular attention to ophthalmologic features. Methods: Ophthalmologic and neuro-ophthalmologic examination; neuroimaging; conventional karyotyping; and array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Results: The proband was the only affected child of a non-consanguineous family. At ...
Clérigues Victoria - - 2013
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyses the degradation of heme and possesses anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective properties. The role of inflammatory mediators in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) is becoming increasingly appreciated. Here we investigated the effects of HO-1 induction in OA and healthy human articular chondrocytes in response to inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β ...
Zheng Zhicheng - - 2013
A tapping-mode AFM investigation of core-shell cylindrical polymer brushes (CPBs) on mica shows that they can be ruptured upon spin-coating. Three different CPBs were synthesized, having a methacrylate backbone, carrying branches of poly[oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate] (POEGMA), POEGMA-block-poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (POEGMA-b- PDMAEMA) and POEGMA-block-poly[2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl trimethylammo-niumiodide] (POEGMA-b-PMETAI). The polymer backbone of core-shell CPB ...
Meshulam Meir - - 2013
A fundamental debate in the study of cortical sensory systems concerns the scale of functional selectivity in cortical networks. Brain imaging studies have repeatedly demonstrated functional selectivity in entire cortical areas and networks using pre-determined stimuli. However, it is not clear to what extent these networks are heterogeneous, i.e. whether ...
Golanska Ewa - - 2013
The PRNP gene encodes the cellular isoform of prion protein (PrP (c) ). The M129V polymorphism influences the risk of prion diseases and may modulate the rate of neurodegeneration with age. We present the first study of the polymorphism among Polish centenarians. In the control group (n = 165, ages ...
Chen Yuqing - - 2013
Over the last decade, polymer solar cells (PSCs) have attracted a lot of attention and highest power conversion efficiencies (PCE) are now close to 10%. Here we employ an optical structure - the microlens array (MLA) - to increase light absorption inside the active layer, and PCE of PSCs increased ...
Caiati Maddalena D - - 2013
The cellular form of prion protein PrP(C) is highly expressed in the brain, where it can be converted into its abnormally folded isoform PrP(Sc) to cause neurodegenerative diseases. Its predominant synaptic localization suggests a crucial role in synaptic signaling. Interestingly, PrP(C) is developmentally regulated and its high expression in the ...
Dym R Joshua - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of using gadoxetate disodium for MR urography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 50 consecutive gadoxetate disodium-enhanced abdominal MRI examinations meeting inclusion criteria. For each examination, 30 min postcontrast hepatobiliary phase sequences were reviewed to assess bilateral collecting system segments, including upper pole, interpolar, and ...
De Lazzari Claudio - - 2013
Amlodipine (AMLO) is a calcium channel blocker with vasodilating properties, in which the specific effects on the coronary circulation are not fully known. Coronary flow velocity-pressure (F/P) curves were obtained at rest and during administration of AMLO (10 mg to 20 mg iv) or adenosine (ADO, 1 mg ic) in 10 normal subjects ...
Etienne A - - 2013
Fleshy fruit acidity is an important component of fruit organoleptic quality and is mainly due to the presence of malic and citric acids, the main organic acids found in most ripe fruits. The accumulation of these two acids in fruit cells is the result of several interlinked processes that take ...
Heimans L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between high body mass index (BMI) and treatment response in recent onset RA. METHODS: In the BeSt study, 508 patients were randomized to initial monotherapy or combination therapy with prednisone or infliximab (IFX). Response to disease activity score (DAS)≤2.4 steered treatment (first dose and after ...
Shi Julie - - 2013
Quantitative analysis of the intracellular trafficking of non-viral vectors provides critical information that can guide the rational design of improved cationic systems for gene delivery. Subcellular fractionation methods, combined with radiolabeling, produce quantitative measurements of the intracellular trafficking of non-viral vectors and the therapeutic payload. In this work, differential and ...
McBride Anne - - 2013
Background:Patients with heart failure managed by community heart failure specialist nurses (CHFSNs) may have episodes of (often unrelated) ill-health managed separately in hospital. Inadequate communication and multi-disciplinary working between these different providers can impact on the effectiveness of care.Aim:This service improvement project explored the potential of patient-held alert cards to ...
Of Journal Of Biomedical Science Editorial Board - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Our loyal friend Kuan-Teh Jeang passed away unexpectedly on the evening of January 27, 2013. The following night and day an avalanche of emails went across the Retrovirus research community, starting in Australia, then Asia, Europe and America. Great shock and sorrow was apparent in the messages by the ...
Salamonson Yenna - - 2013
AIM: This article is a report of the psychometric testing of the five-item English Language Acculturation Scale, an indicator of English language usage as reported by first-year undergraduate nursing students. BACKGROUND: Nursing students who have English as an additional language can struggle clinically and academically due to low levels of ...
Briana Despina D - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate possible associations of the novel adipocytokines resistin, apelin and visfatin (implicated in the complex control of bone biology) with several biochemical determinants of bone turnover in maternal blood from normal pregnancies and pregnancies complicated by gestational hypertensive disorders (preeclampsia or pregnancy-induced hypertension). Methods: Circulating maternal concentrations ...
Farr Amanda M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hospitalizations with community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection have increased in New York City, with substantial geographic variation across neighborhoods. While individual-level risk factors, such as age, sex, HIV infection, and diabetes have been described, the role of neighborhood-level factors (e.g., neighborhood HIV prevalence or income) has not ...
Negash Kedir - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis is one of the most widespread zoonoses, causing morbidity and mortality in humans and huge economic losses in livestock. It is caused by metacestodes of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. The metacestodes cause hydatid cysts in the lungs, liver and other organs of intermediate hosts. METHODS: A study ...
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