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Lunsing Roelineke J - - 2013
Background:To investigate in a prospective case-control study whether moderate hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term neonates is associated with an increase of minor neurological dysfunction (MND) and behavioral problems up to 18 months.Method:We recruited forty three healthy term infants with a bilirubine level 220 µmol/l at 72-96 hours postnatally at the University Medical ...
Leung Stephanie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of pediatric migraine patients treated in an emergency department (ED) before and after implementation of a standardized combination intravenous therapy regimen aimed toward improving and standardizing abortive migraine therapy. BACKGROUND: In a pediatric ED, migraines represent 8-18% of all headache visits. Despite this large number, no ...
Kimura Akihiro - - 2013
To understand how GABAergic inhibition contributes to the elaboration of spatial frequency (SF) tuning of neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus, we examined the effects of the microiontophoretic administration of bicuculline methiodide (BIC) and gabazine, both antagonists of GABA(A) receptors, on visual responses to grating stimuli with high or low ...
Soendergaard C - - 2013
The protransglutaminase factor XIII (FXIII) has recently gained interest within the field of tissue regeneration, as it has been found that FXIII significantly influences wound healing by exerting a multitude of functions. It supports haemostasis by enhancing platelet adhesion to damaged endothelium, and by its cross-linking activity it stabilizes the ...
Qiang Zhiyi - - 2013
The use of Echinacea as a medicinal herb is prominent in the United States, and many studies have assessed the effectiveness of Echinacea as an immunomodulator. We hypothesized that Bauer alkamides 8, 10, and 11 and ketone 24 were absorbed similarly either as pure compounds or from Echinacea sanguinea and ...
Huang Yuan - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Epstein--Barr virus (EBV) is a primary cause of infectious mononucleosis (IM) throughout the world, and the positive serology rate changes over time in infected individuals. The aim of this study was to explore the serological and clinical features among Chinese children with EBV infections. A retrospective study of ...
Vigliocco Gabriella - - 2013
It is generally assumed that abstract concepts are linguistically coded, in line with imaging evidence of greater engagement of the left perisylvian language network for abstract than concrete words (Binder JR, Desai RH, Graves WW, Conant LL. 2009. Where is the semantic system? A critical review and meta-analysis of 120 ...
Curry Allison E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of a parent-reported survey to identify children's moderate and serious injuries in seven specific body regions using medical records as the 'gold standard'. METHODS: A prospective validation study was conducted in three urban paediatric emergency departments (EDs). 798 parents of 859 children treated for injuries ...
Hilliard Lucinda M - - 2013
Major sex differences exist in the development and progression of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Prior to menopause, women have lower arterial pressure and, furthermore, are protected from hypertension and cardiovascular disease relative to age-matched men. However, post-menopause this cardiovascular protection in women is lost. These sex differences have been linked ...
Patriarca F - - 2013
AIMS AND METHODS: This study assessed incidence, predictive factors, and outcome of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNAemia in 100 recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant. A total of 68 patients received anti-thymocyte globulin before unrelated grafts. RESULTS: Cumulative incidence of high-load EBV DNAemia defined by levels >10,000 copies/mL was 14% ...
Avci-Adali Meltem - - 2013
In the fields of diagnosis, imaging, regenerative medicine, and drug targeting, aptamers are promising nucleic acid ligands for specific recognition and binding of whole living cells. These aptamers are selected by a combinatorial chemistry technique called cell-SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment). During this iterative procedure of in ...
Yan Jun - - 2013
Liver transplantation is one of the curative treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, cancer recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation are common in some HCC patients with high-risk factors, even within the Milan criteria. It remains unclear whether adjuvant therapy with sorafenib inhibits HCC recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation. ...
Liu Mei Ya - - 2013
Aluminium (Al)-activated citrate secretion plays an important role in Al resistance in a number of plant species, such as rice bean (Vigna umbellata). This study further characterized the regulation of VuMATE1, an aluminium-activated citrate transporter. Al stress induced VuMATE1 expression, followed by the secretion of citrate. Citrate secretion was specific ...
Rosenker Christopher J - - 2013
The energetics of thiol addition and elimination reactions to bicyclic enones derived from an indole core structure were explored using (1)H NMR and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The agreement between experiment and theory is excellent, and the combined results reveal that even minor changes in the conformation of the ...
Liu Y - - 2013
Pig production is a commodity business, which makes it a cost-driven business. Pig producers and their advisors are appropriately reluctant to adopt technologies without confidence that improved production will more than pay for the cost of the technology. Physiological effects of technologies targeting gut sensory pathways must translate to demonstrably ...
Singh Jay P - - 2013
The predictive validity of violence risk assessments can be divided into two components: calibration and discrimination. The most common performance indicator used to measure the predictive validity of structured risk assessments, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), measures the latter component but not the former. As it ...
Gautam Lekh Nath - - 2013
An efficient route for the preparation of substituted N-heterocycles was developed through the amine addition to nitroalkenes. The reaction tolerates a large substrate scope with good to excellent yields (up to 95%) and excellent stereoselectivities (up to 99 : 1 dr).
Liu Wenying - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A pilot-scale production was developed to produce oligopeptide powder from black-bone silky fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus Brisson) muscle (BSFP) by two-step enzymatic hydrolysis and multistage separation. The resultant BSFP was assessed for antioxidant activities against four free radicals (hydroxyl, 1,1-dipheny-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), superoxide and peroxyl) and against the peroxidation of ...
He Songie - - 2013
The south coast of Laizhou Bay, in north-eastern China, is a halogenated flame retardant (HFR) production area. In 2007, we measured serum concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in Laizhou Bay residents. To assess the PBDE concentration trend, and determine the concentrations of the emerging flame retardants dechlorane plus (DP) ...
Kislukhin Victor V - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The aim. (1) To develop a mathematical model of the passage of a diffusible indicator through microcirculation based on a stochastic description of diffusion and flow; (2) To use Goresky transform of the dilution curves of the diffusible indicators for the estimation of the permeability of a tissue-capillary barrier.The ...
Seok Seung Hyeok - - 2013
Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) are used in diverse applications ranging from paints and cosmetics to biomedicine and food. Although micron-sized ZnO is a traditional food supplement, ZnO NPs are an unknown public health risk because of their unique physicochemical properties. Herein, we studied the 13-week subchronic toxicity of ZnO ...
St Jacques Peggy L - - 2013
Memory can be modified when reactivated, but little is known about how the properties and extent of reactivation can selectively affect subsequent memory. We developed a novel museum paradigm to directly investigate reactivation-induced plasticity for personal memories. Participants reactivated memories triggered by photos taken from a camera they wore during ...
Stolk Roeland F - - 2013
Background:It is generally accepted that pheochromocytoma is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. This is however not based on studies with an appropriate control group of patients with essential hypertension.Aim of the Study:We examined whether patients with pheochromocytoma have an excess cardiovascular morbidity as compared to hypertensive patients.Methods:In a retrospective ...
Lee Beom-Chan - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Torso-based vibrotactile feedback may significantly reduce postural sway in balance-compromised adults during quiet standing or in response to perturbations. However, natural non-volitional postural responses to vibrotactile stimulation applied to the torso remain unknown. METHODS: The primary goal of this study was to determine, for two types of actuators ...
Nikkilä M T - - 2013
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for growth, body composition, and structural soundness traits in commercial gilt lines. The data included 1,449 gilts; 462 females from a grandparent maternal line and 987 from a parent maternal line. Growth was expressed as the number of days to ...
Palmisano Pietro - - 2013
AIMS: The long-term impact of implantable device-related complications on the patient outcome has not been thoroughly evaluated. The aims of this retrospective, bi-centre study were to analyse the rate and nature of device-related complications requiring surgical revision in a large series of patients undergoing device implantation, elective generator replacement and ...
Guan Juan - - 2013
Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) on individual native silk fibres demonstrates changes in the dynamic mechanical properties of storage modulus and loss tangent as a function of temperature and temperature history ranging from -100 to 250 °C. These property changes are linked quantitatively to two main types of change in ...
Karrich Julien J - - 2013
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) not only play a crucial role during innate immunity by secreting bulk amounts of type I Interferons (IFNs) in response to Toll-like-receptor (TLR)-mediated pathogen recognition, but can also contribute to adaptive immunity by activation of antigen-specific T cells. Furthermore, it is well-established that pDCs contribute to ...
Höjer J - - 2013
Context. An update of the first position paper on ipecac syrup from 1997 was published by the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology and the European Association of Poison Centres and Clinical Toxicologists in 2004. The aims of this paper are to briefly summarize the content of the 2004 Position Paper ...
Xiang Yu-Zhu - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although a previous meta-analysis reported no association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and prostate cancer risk, a number of studies suggest that MetS may be associated with the aggressiveness and progression of prostate cancer. However, these results have been inconsistent. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the nature of ...
Zangrillo Alberto - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: H1N1 influenza can cause severe acute lung injury (ALI). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can support gas exchange in patients failing conventional mechanical ventilation, but its role is still controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on ECMO for H1N1-associated ALI. METHODS: CENTRAL, Google Scholar, MEDLINE/PubMed, and Scopus ...
Nakagawa Hiroko - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a major risk factor for chronic gastritis, digestive ulcers, and gastric cancer. Previous studies have shown associations between H. pylori infection and decreased iron storage. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the associations between H. pylori infection and serum iron and ferritin levels in Japan. MATERIALS AND ...
Spildooren Joke - - 2013
Turning is the most important trigger for freezing of gait (FOG). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between impaired head-pelvis rotation during turning and FOG. Head, trunk, and pelvic rotation were measured at onset and throughout a 180-degree turn in 13 freezers and 14 nonfreezers (OFF ...
Brotherton Carolyn A - - 2013
Commensal E. coli residing in the human gut produce colibactin, a small molecule genotoxin of unknown structure that has been implicated in the development of colon cancer. Colibactin biosynthesis is hypothesized to involve a prodrug resistance strategy that entails initiation of biosynthesis via construction of an N-terminal prodrug scaffold and ...
Sigurdardottir Arun K - - 2013
Aims: To study how selected indicators of socioeconomic status and urban-rural residency associate with medication use in form of number of daily medications, polypharmacy, and medication use according to Anatomic Therapeutic Classification (ATC) system. Methods: Cross-sectional, population-based study among older community-dwelling Icelanders. Criteria for participation were: age ≥65 years, community-dwelling, ...
Shavlakadze Tea - - 2013
Analysis of protein kinase B (AKT) and S6 kinase1 (p70S6K) activity is widely used to assess the efficacy of interventions designed to increase or maintain skeletal muscle mass; these studies are often performed on feed deprived mice. One problem associated with feed deprivation is that it promotes catabolism, and young ...
Saldivia S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: No instrument has been developed and validated across cultures to measure the degree of support provided by informal carers to people with schizophrenia. We aimed to develop such a measure. METHOD: The Maristán Scale of Informal Care was developed directly from the views of patients with schizophrenia in six ...
Nagaishi Masaya - - 2013
Angiomatous meningiomas are rare meningioma subtypes, which are characterized by abundant, well-formed vessels. We encountered two cases of newly diagnosed angiomatous meningiomas exhibiting tumor cells with brown pigments, which were histochemically proven to be iron. In an attempt to understand its pathological significance, we assessed this unusual finding in representatives ...
Guimarães Luciana - - 2013
Imogolite is a single-walled aluminosilicate nanotube (NT) found in nature that can be easily synthesized, as well as its analogue aluminogermanate NT. Based on geometrical assumptions and pKa values, species such as H(3)PO(4), H(3)PO(3), H(3)AsO(3), H(3)AsO(4) could also be candidates to form imogolite-like structures. In the present work, we provide ...
Szulc Pawel - - 2013
Sclerostin is predominantly expressed by osteocytes. Serum sclerostin levels are positively correlated with areal bone mineral density (aBMD) measured by DXA and bone microarchitecture assessed by high resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) in small studies. We assessed the relation of serum sclerostin levels with aBMD and microarchitectural parameters based ...
Sena Mark - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Conventional transphyseal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction techniques in skeletally immature patients have been questioned because of potential physeal injuries. Consequently, multiple alternative reconstruction options have been described to restore stability while sparing the physes in the skeletally immature patient. HYPOTHESIS:All pediatric reconstruction techniques will restore knee stability to intact ...
Vannucci Robert C - - 2013
A major hall of hominid brain evolution is an expansion of the frontal lobes. To determine if a similar trajectory occurs during modern human development, the MRI scans of 118 living infants, children, and adolescents were reviewed and three specific measurements obtained: frontal width (FW), maximal cerebral width (MW), and ...
Denton-Giles Matthew - - 2013
Ciborinia camelliae is the causal agent of camellia flower blight. This fungal pathogen is a significant pest of the Camellia floriculture industry as it specifically infects the floral tissue of ornamental camellia cultivars leading to the rapid development of necrotic lesions and blight. This study aims to characterize natural resistance ...
Gathwala Geeta - - 2013
Aim: To compare topical application of chlorhexidine for umbilical cord care with conventional dry care for prevention of neonatal sepsis in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Methods: The study was conducted in the NICU of a teaching hospital in north India between 2010 and 2011. Newborns (≥32 weeks of gestation and ...
Lee Yoon - - 2013
We conducted a study to clarify the incidence, clinical course, and risk factors of de novo allergies after liver transplantation. Ninety-three patients who had been followed longer than one yr and who had no previous allergy history were included. Forty-two patients (45.2%) developed de novo allergy. Of them, food allergy ...
Enose-Akahata Yoshimi - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection can lead to development of adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) or HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) in a subset of infected subjects. HTLV-1 basic leucine zipper factor (HBZ) gene has a critical role in HTLV-1 infectivity and the development ...
Kerr K R - - 2013
Experimental and clinical investigations have confirmed the importance of dietary modifications in medical protocols designed to treat and prevent feline lower urinary tract signs (LUTS). The objective of this review is to discuss common medical conditions contributing to feline LUTS, and to present currently utilized and potential preventative dietary modifications. ...
Lou Yanyan - - 2013
A molecular surface chemical treatment is introduced into a dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) incorporating metal nanoparticles to suppress the charge recombination. Dodecanethiol molecules as a surface treatment agent are successfully anchored onto the exposed Au nanoparticle sites of the ZnO nanorods/Au nanoparticles/N719 photoanode. ATR-FTIR and Raman measurements are conducted ...
Buzaglo Matat - - 2013
Dispersing graphite into few-layers graphene sheets (GS) in water is very appealing as an environmental-friendly, low-cost, low-energy method of obtaining graphene. Very high GS concentrations in water (0.7 mg mL(-1)) were obtained by optimizing the nature of dispersant and the type of ultra-sonic generator. We find that a multi-step sonication ...
Klitsie Liselotte M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Long-term prognosis after ventricular septal defect (VSD) correction in childhood is excellent. Nevertheless, decreased biventricular systolic performance has been described immediately following VSD surgery in children. In an effort to better understand this decrease and its time-course, we characterized biventricular systolic performance following VSD closure in paediatric patients up ...
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