Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 3309
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Jonsson Hans - - 2013
Segmented Filamentous Bacteria, SFB, are inhabitants of the small intestine of various animals, where they can be detected microscopically due to their specific morphology and intimate association with the intestinal epithelium. SFB colonize the distal part of the small intestine in a host-specific manner and affects important functions of the ...
Bulc Michał - - 2013
Innervation of the mammalian pineal gland during prenatal development is poorly recognized. Therefore, immunofluorescence studies of the pineals of 70- and 90-day-old foetuses of the domestic pig were performed using antibodies against tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DβH), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and C-terminal flanking peptide of NPY (CPON). The investigated glands ...
Ragupathy K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In women presenting with post-menopausal bleeding (PMB), the incidence of endometrial cancer is 1-10 %; Trans-vaginal scan (TVS) is offered as the first line of investigation to triage women further and a thick endometrium (>4 mm) merits endometrial tissue sampling for further evaluation. When it is difficult and not possible to ...
Lu Yu-Yu - - 2013
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature to assess the diagnostic performance of FDG-PET or PET/CT in the detection of recurrent colorectal cancer (CRC) rising in patients with elevated CEA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a systematic ...
Iyer Venkatakrishnan H - - 2013
A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine whether there was any association between intestinal infection (with parasites, cytomegalovirus, or Clostridium difficile) and clinical disease severity in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Consecutive cases of UC were enrolled after history and clinical examination, evaluated for presence of stool parasites (routine/special stains) ...
Nakazaki Kiyoshi - - 2013
This study evaluated the mini-mental status examination (MMSE) scores of patients with brain metastases after gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) without whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT). Between January 2009 and June 2011, 119 consecutive patients with new brain metastases were treated with a single session of GKS without WBRT. MMSE scores were ...
Shi Jian-Quan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and NLRP3 inflammasome is involved in neuroinflammation, which is closely linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). In vivo and in vitro studies have suggested that artemisinin shows antiinflammatory effects in inflammation-related diseases. However, the impacts of artemisinin on AD have not been investigated. ...
Marqueling Ann L - - 2013
To systematically review the literature evaluating efficacy and adverse events of propranolol treatment for infantile hemangiomas, we searched the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases for all studies examining the response of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) to propranolol published between June 12, 2008, and June 15, 2012. Forty-one studies with 1,264 patients were ...
Pavlovic Bojan - - 2013
Laryngeal precursor lesions represent areas of altered epithelium with an increased likelihood for progression to squamous cell carcinoma. The exact molecular mechanisms of malignant transformation of laryngeal mucosa are not completely clear, but are certainly due to deregulation of cell proliferation. To assess the potential value of the p16 and ...
Uribe-Herranz Mireia M Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Temple Autoimmunity Center, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, - - 2013
Munro's microabscesses contain polymorphonuclear leukocytes and form specifically in the epidermis of psoriasis patients. The mechanism whereby the neutrophils are recruited into the epidermis is poorly understood. Using a combination of human and mouse primary keratinocyte cell cultures and the imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mouse model of skin inflammation, we explored the ...
Akao Satoshi - - 2013
Overgrowth of aquatic plants, such as water chestnut, has been reported as a regional problem in various areas. We proposed cascade utilization of water chestnut through the recovery of phenolics, phosphorus, and sugars. Phenolics were extracted using 50 g (wet weight) of biomass with 300 mL of acetone, methanol, or hot water, ...
Larsson-Callerfelt Anna-Karin - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Prostacyclin analogs are potent vasodilators and possess anti-inflammatory properties. However, the effect of prostacyclin on extracellular matrix (ECM) in COPD is not well known. Collagen fibrils and proteoglycans are essential ECM components in the lung and fibroblasts are key players in regulating the homeostasis of ECM proteins. The ...
Popa Nita S - - 2013
In the treatment of oropharyngeal dysphagia, the link between diagnosis and prescription of thickened liquids that are safe to swallow is not always straightforward. Frequently, the capacity to objectively assess and quantify the rheological properties of diagnostic test fluids and to select "rheologically equivalent" dietary products is missing. Perhaps sometimes ...
Smith Jessica A - - 2013
A needle-free system that delivers lidocaine to the dermis using pressurized gas is often used as an alternative anesthetic for venipuncture and intravenous catheterization in children. This case report illustrates the potential histologic artifacts that may arise when using a needleless device for a cutaneous punch biopsy. We suggest against ...
Kotlarz Agnieszka - - 2013
Hsp40 proteins of bacterial and human origin are suspected to be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It has been shown that sera of RA patients contain increased levels of antibodies directed to bacterial and human Hsp40s. The aim of this work was to explore immunological similarities between ...
Melo A A - - 2013
Objective: To determine whether the administration of mitomycin C prevents propylene glycol exposure from inducing middle-ear cholesteatoma and otitis media, in a rat model. Methods: Twenty-four Wistar rats underwent intratympanic injections on days 1, 8 and 15, via the tympanic membrane pars tensa, in both the right and left ears. ...
Gibiino Fabio F Department of Energy and System Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. - - 2013
Non-Cartesian acquisition strategies are widely used in MRI to dramatically reduce the acquisition time while at the same time preserving the image quality. Among non-Cartesian reconstruction methods, the least squares non-uniform fast Fourier transform (LS_NUFFT) is a gridding method based on a local data interpolation kernel that minimizes the worst-case ...
Javoiš Juhan - - 2013
The most widely known theoretical basis for the hypothesis of terminal investment is the classic model by George C. Williams (1966). Although this model predicts that reproductive effort (i.e. the proportion of available resources devoted to reproduction) increases with decreasing reproductive value, it implies that reproductive allocation in absolute terms ...
Alvárez C Rodríguez - - 2013
Total mercury (Hg), monomethylmercury (MeHg), and selenium (Se) were determined in blood of 11 bird species living in Doñana National Park (DNP, Southwestern Spain) and the surrounding area in 1999 and 2000 after a mine spill accident. The total Hg contents found varied from 1.00 to 587 ng/mL, with an MeHg ...
Brazzelli Valeria - - 2013
We present a case of infantile bullous pemphigoid (BP) triggered by primary infection with varicella zoster virus and we analyze the correlation between autoantibody levels and disease activity. With this report we suggest that serum autoantibody titers may not necessarily mirror the clinical course of the disease or represent a ...
Toplan Selmin - - 2013
The present study was conducted to explore the possible effects of different doses of lithium carbonate on thyroid functions, erythrocyte oxidant-antioxidant status, and osmotic fragility. Twenty-four Wistar-type male rats were equally divided into three groups: groups I and II received 0.1 and0.2 % lithium carbonate in their drinking water, respectively, for ...
Philbert J - - 2013
RATIONALE: The selective CRF(1) (corticotropin releasing factor type 1) receptor antagonist SSR125543 has been previously shown to attenuate the long-term cognitive deficit produced by traumatic stress exposure. Memory disturbances described in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients are believed to be associated with changes in neuronal activity, in particular at the ...
Wu Vin-Cent - - 2013
Renal ischemia rapidly mobilizes endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which provides renoprotection in acute kidney injury (AKI). Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is a protein-binding uremic toxin with a potential role in endothelial injury. In this study, we examined the effects and mechanisms of action of IS on EPCs in AKI. Forty-one consecutive ...
Galjaard S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Excessive weight gain during pregnancy has an important influence on fetal growth and on weight development in future generations. DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 325 obese and non-obese Caucasian women with naturally conceived, singleton pregnancies. They were followed up until delivery for maternal weight ...
Katori Yukio - - 2013
An asymptomatic transsphenoidal meningoencephalocele was discovered incidentally by fiber laryngoscopic examination in a 62-year-old man suffering from hoarseness due to dysplasia of the vocal cord epithelium. To provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this anomaly, we performed histologic observations of paraffin-embedded specimens of 42 human fetal heads at ...
Liu Weiwei - - 2013
Despite the fact that randomization is the gold standard for estimating causal relationships, many questions in prevention science are often left to be answered through nonexperimental studies because randomization is either infeasible or unethical. While methods such as propensity score matching can adjust for observed confounding, unobserved confounding is the ...
Soeiro-de-Souza M G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Calcium channels are important for converting electrical activity into biochemical events. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs1006737) in the CACNA1C gene has been strongly associated with increased risk for Bipolar disorder (BD) in genome-wide association studies. Recently, this same SNP has been reported to influence executive function in schizophrenia ...
Aydın Banu - - 2013
Multiple pregnancies are characterized by significantly higher rates of intrauterine and perinatal morbidities and fetal death compared to singleton pregnancies. It is well known that the death of a co-twin during the second and third trimester can cause damage in the other fetus. Here we report two newborn cases presenting ...
Nouri Nayereh N Molecular Genetic Laboratory, Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Pediatric Inherited Disease Research Center, Isfahan, - - 2013
A 14-year-old Iranian boy with congenital cutis laxa and several other typical autosomal recessive type II features was examined. Mutation analysis of the pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1 gene revealed a single-base deletion (c.345delC) in exon 4 leading to frame shift and premature termination of translation.
Landi Daniel D Thomas L. Ortel, MD, PhD, Duke Thrombosis and Hemostasis Center, Box 3422 DUMC, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2013
The demographic and clinical characteristics of adults and children with lower extremity deep-vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism (LE DVT/PE) may differ from those with abdominal vein thrombosis (abdominal VT). Abdominal VT can be a presenting sign of an underlying prothrombotic state, and its presence in the setting of known disease ...
Eppel Gabriela A - - 2013
In rabbits, mean arterial pressure (MAP) increases in response to fat feeding, but does not increase further with progressive weight gain. We documented the progression of adiposity and the alterations in endocrine/cardiovascular function in response to fat feeding in rabbits, to determine whether stabilization of MAP after 3 weeks could ...
Kudo Daisuke - - 2013
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is accompanied by severe lung inflammation induced by various diseases. Despite the severity of symptoms, therapeutic strategies for this pathologic condition are still poorly developed. Interferon (IFN)-α is well known as an antiviral cytokine and low-dose IFN-α has been reported to show antiinflammatory effects. Therefore, ...
Kirschner Nina - - 2013
Tight junctions (TJs) form a selective barrier for ions, water, and macromolecules in simple epithelia. In keratinocytes and epidermis, TJs were shown to be involved in individual barrier functions. The absence of the TJ protein claudin-1 (Cldn1) in mice results in a skin-barrier defect characterized by lethal water loss. However, ...
James Clara E - - 2013
Using optimized voxel-based morphometry, we performed grey matter density analyses on 59 age-, sex- and intelligence-matched young adults with three distinct, progressive levels of musical training intensity or expertise. Structural brain adaptations in musicians have been repeatedly demonstrated in areas involved in auditory perception and motor skills. However, musical activities ...
Kimble B - - 2013
The pharmacokinetic profile of meloxicam in clinically healthy koalas (n = 15) was investigated. Single doses of meloxicam were administered intravenously (i.v.) (0.4 mg/kg; n = 5), subcutaneously (s.c.) (0.2 mg/kg; n = 1) or orally (0.2 mg/kg; n = 3), and multiple doses were administered to two groups of koalas via the oral or s.c. routes (n = 3 for both routes) ...
Levallois P - - 2013
This study was designed to evaluate the epidemiology of severe gastroenteritis in children living in Québec rural areas with intensive livestock activities. From September 2005 through June 2007, 165 cases of gastroenteritis in children aged from 6 months to 5 years, hospitalized or notified to the public health department were enrolled, and ...
Tsumano Tomoko - - 2013
Abstract Radiation has many benefits and is an important treatment for cancer therapy. However, it also has unfavourable side-effects. Among these side-effects, the impairment of wound healing in the skin is a major problem in clinics. Although many attempts have been made to overcome this shortcoming, there are few effective ...
Tzeng Ching-Wei D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Few data exist to guide oncologic surveillance following curative treatment of pancreatic cancer. We sought to identify a rational, cost-effective postoperative surveillance strategy. METHODS: We constructed a Markov model to compare the cost-effectiveness of 5 postoperative surveillance strategies. No scheduled surveillance served as the baseline strategy. Clinical evaluation and ...
Smith H A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Empirical evidence supports an inverse relationship between physical activity (PA) and adiposity, but studies using detailed measures of both are scarce. We described the relationship between regional adiposity and accelerometer-derived PA in men and women. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis included 253 participants from a weight loss study limited ...
Matsumura Kenta - - 2013
Heart rate (HR) and normalized pulse volume (NPV) are physiological indices that have been used in a diversity of psychological studies. However, measuring these indices often requires laborious processes. We therefore developed a new smartphone program, named iPhysioMeter, that makes it possible to measure beat-by-beat HR and ln NPV using ...
Ozben Serkan - - 2013
PURPOSE: Copeptin, the C-terminal fragment of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), is a new biomarker that has been found to be elevated in several cardiovascular disorders and is related with prognosis. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea demonstrate a tendency to develop coronary and cerebral atherosclerotic disease. Our aim was to investigate copeptin ...
Petras Hanno - - 2013
Guided by Kraemer et al.'s (Psychological Methods, 3:257-271, 1999) framework for measuring the potency of risk factors, we sought to improve on the classification accuracy reported in Petras et al. (Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 43:88-96, 2004a) and Petras et al. (Journal of the American ...
Guo Zhijun - - 2013
Because small molecules can be beneficial or toxic in biology and the environment, specific and sensitive detection of small molecules is one of the most important objectives of the scientific community. In this study, new signal amplification assays for detection of small molecules based on Mg(2+)-dependent DNAzyme were developed. A ...
Ray Wayne A WA Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Nashville, TN 37212, USA. - - 2013
The opioid analgesic propoxyphene was withdrawn from the US market in 2010, motivated by concerns regarding fatality in overdose and adverse cardiac effects, including prolongation of the QT interval. These concerns were based on case reports, summary vital statistics, and surrogate endpoint studies. Using the linked Tennessee Medicaid database (1992-2007), ...
López Mónica E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information about posttreatment care among patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). This study compares posttreatment care by ethnicity-language and physician specialty among Latina and White women with DCIS. METHODS: Latina and White women diagnosed with DCIS between 2002 and 2005 identified through the ...
McNeill V Faye - - 2013
Surface-active organic material is a key component of atmospheric aerosols. The presence of surfactants can influence aerosol heterogeneous chemistry, cloud formation, and ice nucleation. We review the current state of the science on the sources, properties, and impacts of surfactants in atmospheric aerosols.
Baloglu Orkun - - 2013
The treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with chronic lung disease of infancy (CLDI) is becoming commonplace. However, an optimal approach to the monitoring of this treatment has not been clearly established, and data suggest that such therapy may not be without risk. This study assessed the feasibility and ...
Schreiber Ulrich - - 2013
A new type of multi-color PAM chlorophyll fluorometer (Schreiber et al. 2012) was applied for measurements of photodamage to photosystem II (PS II) in optically thin suspensions of Chlorella (200 μg Chl l(-1)) in the presence of 1 mM lincomycin. An action spectrum of the relative decrease of F (v)/F (m) in the ...
Li Xiaochun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The success of an epidemiological study for drug safety surveillance or comparative effectiveness depends largely on design and analysis strategies besides data quality. The Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership (OMOP) methods community implemented a collection of statistical methods with extensive parameters allowing a wide variety of designs and analyses. Our ...
Halberstadt Adam L AL Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0804, USA. - - 2013
The head-twitch response (HTR) is a rapid side-to-side rotational head movement that occurs in rats and mice after administration of serotonergic hallucinogens and other 5-HT2A agonists. The HTR is widely used as a behavioral assay for 5-HT2A activation and to probe for interactions between the 5-HT2A receptor and other transmitter ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >