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- - 2013
Ahead of her talk at the 2013 British Dental Conference & Exhibition, the British Dental Journal caught up with Gill Greenwood, to find out about the nitty-gritty of special care dentistry.
Henninger Benjamin - - 2013
Modern radiology offers countless opportunities both in the detection but also in the characterization of primary liver malignancies. Ultrasound remains usually the first exploratory overview study whereat using ultrasound contrast agent for a further characterization of liver lesions improves this technique considerably. Advanced cross-sectional imaging methods can, in most cases, ...
Grégoire J - - 2013
Lameness in sows has an economic impact on pig production and is a major welfare concern. The aim of the present project was to develop methods to evaluate and quantify lameness in breeding sows. Five methods to study lameness were compared between themselves and with visual gait scoring used as ...
Celik Ozlem - - 2013
The aim of the study was to assess female sexual dysfunction (FSD), quality of life and depression status in female patients with acromegaly. Fifty-seven sexually active female patients with acromegaly disease (21 controlled, 36 uncontrolled) monitored by Cerrahpasa Medical School, Endocrinology and Metabolism out-patient clinic and age and body mass ...
Yik Michelle - - 2013
The common within-subjects design of studies on the recognition of emotion from facial expressions allows the judgement of one face to be influenced by previous faces, thus introducing the potential for artefacts. The present study (N=344) showed that the canonical "disgust face" was judged as disgusted, provided that the preceding ...
Gunawardena Kulasiri A - - 2013
Objective: To establish the pharmacokinetics (PK), tolerability and safety profile of AZD9668, an oral inhibitor of neutrophil elastase (NE), an enzyme implicated in the signs, symptoms and disease progression in NE-driven respiratory diseases via its role in the inflammatory process, mucus overproduction and lung-tissue damage. Methods: PK and safety/tolerability profile ...
Wang Junyou - - 2013
This article presents a facile strategy to combine Eu(3+) and Gd(3+) ions into coacervate core micelles in a controlled way with a statistical distribution of the ions. Consequently, the formed micelles show a high tunability between luminescence and relaxivity. These highly stable micelles present great potential for new materials, e.g. ...
Dings Ruud P M - - 2013
Previously, we reported on the anti-tumor activities of two designed calix[4]arene-based topomimetics (PTX008 and PTX009) of the amphipathic, angiostatic peptide Anginex. Here, we chemically modified the hydrophobic and hydrophilic faces of PTX008 and PTX009, and discovered new calixarene compounds that are more potent, cytotoxic anti-tumor agents. One of them, PTX013, ...
Mackenzie Hugh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The self-taught learning curve in laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LCS) is between 100 and 150 cases. Supervised training has been shown to shorten the proficiency gain curve of senior specialist surgeons. Little is known about the learning curve of LCS trainees undergoing mentored training. The aim of this study was ...
Watanabe Hiroyuki - - 2013
Intravenous injection of bendamustine often causes venous irritation and also deteriorates the patient's quality of life. Thus, we evaluated the risk factors associated with venous irritation induced by bendamustine in patients with follicular lymphoma or mantle cell lymphoma. We also evaluated the effectiveness of intervention of changing the preparation procedure ...
Payami Babak - - 2013
AIMS: A precise knowledge of the coronary sinus (CS) anatomy and its potential anomalies seems essential to increase the rate of success in patients with a prior history of multiple ablation failures of the posteroseptal accessory pathway or in whom this procedure cannot be performed easily. We aimed to describe ...
Matveychuk Dmitriy - - 2013
Phenelzine is a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor used in treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. It also elevates brain levels of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and inhibits primary amine oxidase (PrAO), an enzyme whose activity and/or expression has been reported to be increased in diabetes mellitus, Alzheimer's disease and cardiovascular disorders. ...
Rey-Dios Roberto - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fluorescent technology has recently become a valuable tool in the surgical management of neoplastic and vascular lesions. The availability of microscope-integrated fluorescent modules has facilitated incorporation of this technology within the microsurgical workflow. The currently available microscope integrated modules use 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and indocyanine green (ICG) as fluorophores. ...
Liao Yanyan - - 2013
Chlorogenic acid (CGA), one of the most common phenolic acids, is found in many food and traditional Chinese herbs. Various bioactivities of CGA are studied. However, little is known about these properties of Flos Lonicerae extracts, and the difference in the effect between Flos Lonicerae extracts and CGA has not ...
Lau Darryl - - 2013
PURPOSE: Surgery for spinal metastasis is often associated with significant morbidity. Despite a number of preoperative scoring systems/scales and identified variables that have been reported to predict complication risk, clinical studies that directly evaluate this issue using multivariate analysis are scarce. The goal of our study was to assess independent ...
De la Varga Herminia - - 2013
The annual belowground dynamics of extraradical soil mycelium and sporocarp production of two ectomycorrhizal fungi, Boletus edulis and Lactarius deliciosus, have been studied in two different pine forests (Pinar Grande and Pinares Llanos, respectively) in Soria (central Spain). Soil samples (five per plot) were taken monthly (from September 2009 to ...
Pundir Chandra Shekhar - - 2013
Sulfite is used as a preservative in a variety of food and pharmaceutical industries to inhibit enzymatic and nonenzymatic browning and in brewing industries as an antibacterial and antioxidizing agent. Convenient and reproducible analytical methods employing sulfite oxidase are an attractive alternative to conventional detection methods. Sulfite biosensors are based ...
Weston Leslie A - - 2013
Sorghum allelopathy has been reported in a series of field experiments following sorghum establishment. In recent years, sorghum phytotoxicity and allelopathic interference also have been well-described in greenhouse and laboratory settings. Observations of allelopathy have occurred in diverse locations and with various sorghum plant parts. Phytotoxicity has been reported when ...
Lin Weiren - - 2013
The 2011 moment magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake produced a maximum coseismic slip of more than 50 meters near the Japan trench, which could result in a completely reduced stress state in the region. We tested this hypothesis by determining the in situ stress state of the frontal prism from boreholes ...
Hughes Stephanie N - - 2013
Given their coastal site fidelity and opportunistic foraging behavior, harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) may serve as sentinels for coastal ecosystem health. Seals using urbanized coastal habitat can acquire enteric bacteria, including Vibrio that may affect their health. To understand Vibrio dynamics in seals, demographic and environmental factors were tested for ...
Hui Franck - - 2013
Antimicrobial N-halamine polymers and coatings have been studied extensively over the last decade thanks to their numerous qualities such as effectiveness toward a broad spectrum of microorganisms, long-term stability, regenerability, safety to humans and environment and low cost. In this review, recent developments are described by emphasizing the synthesis of ...
Zhou Jin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare elective transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) plus preoperative endoscopic varices ligation (EVL) in their efficacy in preventing recurrent bleeding and improving the long-term liver function in patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. METHODS: Between January ...
von Felden Johann - - 2013
Introduction: Herbal and dietary supplements are widely used as measures to improve and preserve health and well-being. Among the bestselling preparations are dietary supplement containing glucosamine and chondroitine sulfate taken to improve symptoms of osteoarthritis. Methods and results: We here present a case of a male patient with biopsy-proven acute ...
Sallum Adriana Me - - 2013
Pediatric normal brachial biceps (14 specimens) and quadriceps muscles (14 specimens) were studied by immunohistochemistry to quantify fiber-type, diameter and distribution, capillary density, presence of inflammatory cells (CD3, CD20, CD68) and expression of neonatal myosin and MHC class 1 proteins. Brachial biceps showed more fast-twitch fibers and lower capillary/fiber ratio ...
Zakharova A - - 2013
Time hierarchies, arising as a result of interactions between system's components, represent a ubiquitous property of dynamical biological systems. In addition, biological systems have been attributed switch-like properties modulating the response to various stimuli across different organisms and environmental conditions. Therefore, establishing the interplay between these features of system dynamics ...
Heider Barbara - - 2013
Sensorimotor transformation for reaching movements in primates requires a large network of visual, parietal, and frontal cortical areas. We performed intrinsic optical imaging over posterior parietal cortex including areas 7a and the dorsal perilunate in macaque monkeys during visually guided hand movements. Reaching was performed while foveating one of nine ...
Tsakos Michail - - 2013
The first organocatalytic asymmetric reaction between 1,4-cyclohexanedione and nitroalkenes has been studied, affording bicyclo[3.2.1]octane derivatives containing four continuous stereogenic centres. The products were obtained through a domino Michael-Henry process as a single diastereoisomer with excellent enantioselectivities.
Rodger M W M - - 2013
The ancillary (non-sounding) body movements made by expert musicians during performance have been shown to indicate expressive, emotional, and structural features of the music to observers, even if the sound of the performance is absent. If such ancillary body movements are a component of skilled musical performance, then it should ...
Mak Yim Ling - - 2013
Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) is a food intoxication caused by exposure to ciguatoxins (CTXs) in coral reef fish. Rapid analytical methods have been developed recently to quantify Pacific-CTX-1 (P-CTX-1) in fish muscle, but it is destructive and can cause harm to valuable live coral reef fish. Also fish muscle extract ...
Saba Anna - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare obese v. non-obese consumers in terms of their general food-related lifestyles and to explore possible food-related factors affecting obesity in Italy. DESIGN: The data were collected using a self-completion questionnaire. Data included sociodemographic information, measures of the Food-Related Lifestyle scale (FRL) and self-reported weight and height. A ...
Schummer Claude - - 2013
Sudan dyes are red, synthetic azo dyes that are not allowed in foodstuffs in the European Union (Council Directive 94/36/EC). However, sub-ppm levels of Sudan dye in spices are regularly reported and it is assumed that these appearances are due to cross-contamination. In this paper, we present a newly-developed fast ...
Locke M - - 2013
Objective To assess adoption of endodontic nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary technology by general dental practitioners and identify factors influencing its uptake.Design Postal questionnaire.Setting General dental practitioners working in Wales.Methods General dental practitioners (n = 584) were approached regarding their usage or otherwise of nickel-titanium rotary instrumentation during root canal shaping. The ...
Li Bi-Lan - - 2013
Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynecologic malignancy, but the molecular events involved in the development and progression of EC remain unclear. Certain microRNAs (miRNAs) and DICER1 play important roles in cell motility and survival. This study investigated the role of miR-130b and DICER1 in EC. We profiled miR-130b ...
Römer Piero - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to demonstrate in vitro the synergistic effect of orthodontic forces and periodontal pathogens on cyclooxygenase-2 regulation and the subsequent receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) production from periodontal ligament (PDL) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In comparison to a control group, three experimental groups were ...
Trębacz Hanna - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate whether a fatigue induced weakening of cortical bone was revealed in microstructure and mechanical competence of demineralized bone matrix. Two types of cortical bone samples (plexiform and Haversian) were use. Bone slabs from the midshaft of bovine femora were subjected to cyclical ...
Casiraghi M - - 2013
The 'worst case scenario' (also known as the minimax approach in optimization terms) is a common approach to model the effect of delivery uncertainties in proton treatment planning. Using the 'dose-error-bar distribution' previously reported by our group as an example, we have investigated in more detail one of the underlying ...
Aberg Jonas - - 2013
Premixed calcium phosphate cements (pCPC) have been developed to circumvent problems related to mixing and transfer of cements in the operating room. In addition, by using pCPC the short working times generally associated with conventional water-mixed cements are avoided. In this work, the influence of particle size on handling and ...
Almazedi Bahir - - 2013
Supra-aortic vessel injuries are uncommon but can be life-threatening and surgically challenging. Trauma to these vessels may be blunt or penetrating, including iatrogenic trauma following the insertion of central venous lines, which may be preventable. Recent advances in technology have resulted in endovascular therapy becoming a common first-line treatment, and interventional ...
Yuan Yujia - - 2013
The cell surface protein CD83 belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily and is highly expressed on mature dendritic cells. The soluble form of CD83, sCD83, is a potential immune suppressor. In a previous study, recombinant soluble CD83 was expressed in Escherichia coli, resulting in a lack of functional glycosylation. Although eukaryotic ...
Laukkanen Matti - - 2013
We examined whether the use of health care and special school services, prior to admission for psychiatric inpatient treatment, differed between adolescents from child welfare units and those living at their parental home. 208 boys and 300 girls aged 12-17 years were admitted for psychiatric hospital between 2001 and 2006. Child ...
Yan Jia-Kun - - 2013
In this study, we described the complete mitochondrial genome of the pen shell Atrina pectinata. It was 16,811 bp in length and consisted of 35 genes including 12 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNAs, and 21 transfer RNAs (trnS(2) and atp8 lacked). All genes were encoded on the same strand. In gene ...
Reinhardt Zdenka - - 2013
Aim To analyse the current practice and contribution of catheter interventions in the staged management of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. METHODS: This study is a retrospective case note review of 527 patients undergoing staged Norwood/Fontan palliation at a single centre between 1993 and 2010. Indications and type of ...
Niven V - - 2013
Aim To compare the demographics (age, sex, ethnicity, social status, disability, country/region) and academic experience (school type) of accepted UK applicants to the five-year and four-year dental programmes in 2007 and 2008.Methods Retrospective descriptive analysis was carried out on the University and College Admissions Services (UCAS) data for accepted UK ...
Dangwal S - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), highly conserved, short (approx. 22 nucleotides) non-coding RNAs, exhibit a fine-tune control over gene expression by complementary sequence binding and translational repression of protein coding mRNA transcripts. Recently, the role of miRNAs has been increasingly investigated in various physiological or pathophysiological events.Circulating platelets are crucial for coagulation physiology ...
Cela V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The field of laparoscopy has undergone several changes to improve the morbidity and cosmesis of laparoscopic surgery. The robotic single-site surgery is the inevitable hybridization of robotic technology with laparoendoscopic single-site surgery. METHODS: Perioperative information of 12 robotic single-site hysterectomies (R-SSH) were collected to evaluate the surgical feasibility and ...
Múzquiz-Ramos Elia Martha - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the biocompatibility and potential toxicity of apatite-coated magnetite nanoparticles. The in vitro biocompatibility with human red blood cells was evaluated, not hemolytic effects were found at concentrations lower than 3 mg/ml. For the in vivo study, Balb/c mice were used. The animals were ...
Pula J H - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes dizziness and vertigo. Reports suggest responsible lesions are often in the intra-pontine 8th nerve fascicle. We sought to determine frequency and clinical features of demyelinating acute vestibular syndrome (AVS). This is a prospective observational study (1999-2011). Consecutive AVS patients (vertigo, nystagmus, nausea/vomiting, head-motion intolerance, unsteady gait) ...
González-García Jorge - - 2013
Aryl-linked (pyridine- vs. phenanthroline-) bis-polyaza pyridinophane scorpiands PYPOD and PHENPOD strongly bind to the double stranded DNA and RNA, whereby very intriguing RNA over DNA selectivity is finely tuned by aryl-linker length and aromatic surface. Moreover, PYPOD and PHENPOD dimer formation at high compound/polynucleotide ratios is highly sensitive to the ...
Taylor Kyle R - - 2013
The ecologies of Lyme disease Borrelia spp. are very specific to location, as they are dependent upon the spirochete species and genotypes, the vectors and the host vertebrates present. In Hokkaido, Japan, where two human pathogenic, Lyme disease Borrelia spp. are present, and human cases are reported annually, the ecologies ...
Kahan Richard S - - 2013
Objectives To assess adoption of endodontic nickel-titanium rotary technology (NiTi) by community and hospital dental clinicians within Wales and identify factors that may restrict uptake.Design Postal questionnaire.Setting Community and hospital-based dentists in Wales.Methods Community and hospital-based dentists with a remit for provision of restorative dentistry (community dental setting = 32; ...
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