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Results 201 - 250 of 2389
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Hulsart-Billström Gry - - 2013
The possibility to affect bone formation by using crushed versus solid hydrogels as carriers for bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) was studied. Hydrogels, based on chemical crosslinking between hyaluronic acid and poly(vinyl alcohol) derivatives, were loaded with BMP-2 and hydroxyapatite. Crushed and solid forms of the gels were analyzed both ...
Gokce Mehmet Ilker - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare laboratory outcomes and pregnancy rates of infertile couples, in which male partners have treated and untreated clinical varicocele before performing ICSI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 306 couples in whom ICSI was performed due to infertility were evaluated retrospectively. All of the males had clinical varicocele, ...
Eggers Sander M - - 2013
This study tested two integrative socio-cognitive models, namely the information-motivation-behavioral skills model (IMB) and the I-Change model (ICM), to assess their hypothesized motivational pathways for the prediction of condom use during last sexual intercourse. Students (N = 1066) from Cape Town, South Africa, filled out questionnaires at three different time points. Structural ...
Soriano Sagrario - - 2013
Background: Recent publications show that elevation of FGF23 is independently associated with progression or renal disease, left ventricular hypertrophy and cardiovascular mortality. Dietary restriction of phosphate and phosphate binders are used for control phosphate balance and elevation of serum FGF23 levels. The aim of this study is to compare the ...
Ivo Roland - - 2013
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most important pain disorders with increasing social and economic implications. Given that CLBP is a multidimensional process associated with comorbidities such as anxiety and depression, treatment of chronic low back pain is still a challenge. Advancement of in vivo brain ...
Miller Shari - - 2013
Although there is growing recognition of the problem of dating violence, little is known about how it unfolds among young adolescents who are just beginning to date. This study examined classes (subgroups) and transitions between classes over three time points based on dating violence, bullying, and sexual harassment perpetration and ...
Zhang Junqi - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Shigella is a major pathogen responsible for bacillary dysentery, a severe form of shigellosis. Severity of the disease depends on the virulence of the infecting strain. Shigella pathogenicity is a multi-gene phenomenon, involving the participation of genes on an unstable large virulence plasmid and chromosomal pathogenicity islands. RESULTS: ...
Choi Seung Hee - - 2013
Blue collar workers generally report high job stress and are exposed to loud noises at work and engage in many of risky health behavioral factors, all of which have been associated with poor sleep quality. However, sleep quality of blue collar workers has not been studied extensively, and no studies ...
Bolier Linda - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The use of positive psychological interventions may be considered as a complementary strategy in mental health promotion and treatment. The present article constitutes a meta-analytical study of the effectiveness of positive psychology interventions for the general public and for individuals with specific psychosocial problems. METHODS: We conducted a ...
Tamaddon M - - 2013
Collagen type-II is the dominant type of collagen in articular cartilage and chondroitin sulfate is one of the main components of cartilage extracellular matrix. Afibrillar and fibrillar type-II atelocollagen scaffolds with and without chondroitin sulfate were prepared using casting and freeze-drying methods. The scaffolds were characterised to highlight the effects ...
Yoshida Yukinaga - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial gastric neoplasm is a curative method. The aim of this study was to detect potential nonbleeding visible vessels (NBVVs) by using an infrared imaging (IRI) system. METHODS: A total of 24 patients (25 lesions) were consecutively enrolled between March 2010 and December 2010. ...
Cheng Gen-Yang - - 2013
Aim: To assess the prognostic implications of serum uric acid levels on patients with IgA nephropathy in a longitudinal 8-year follow-up study and to identify an association between serum uric acid levels and the clinical and pathological phenotypes of IgA nephropathy. Subjects and methods: We reviewed the files of all ...
Gillissen Freek - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It has been clearly shown that after elective colorectal surgery patients benefit from multimodal perioperative care programs. The Dutch Institute for Health Care Improvement started a breakthrough project to implement a multimodal perioperative care program of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). This pre/post noncontrolled study evaluated the success of ...
Gaudio D - - 2013
This study aims at verifying the potential of a recent radiological technology, cone beam CT (CBCT), for the reproduction of digital 3D models which may allow the user to verify the inner morphology of sharp force wounds within the bone tissue. Several sharp force wounds were produced by both single ...
Polat Meltem - - 2013
Aim: To assess the utility of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in both urine and serum as a follow-up marker for the discrimination of prerenal acute kidney injury (AKI) from intrinsic AKI in critically ill pediatric patients with established AKI at the time of patient presentation. Patients and methods: This was ...
Asberg Arne - - 2013
Background. Unbound iron binding capacity (UIBC) in serum, which is s-total iron binding capacity (2 times s- transferrin) minus s-iron, may be a more accurate marker of empty iron stores than serum transferrin saturation. Previously we have shown this for healthy females of childbearing age. Methods. Now we used receiver ...
Weber Y G - - 2013
Idiopathic epilepsies are genetically determined. They are characterized by the observed seizure types, an age-dependent onset, electroencephalographic criteria and concomitant symptoms, such as movement disorders or developmental delay. The main subtypes are the idiopathic (i) generalized, (ii) the focal epilepsies including the benign syndromes of early childhood and (iii) the ...
Dang Feng - - 2013
Mesocrystals of Li-Mn-O compounds, such as LiMn(2)O(4), Li(2)MnO(3), and LiMnO(2)-Li(2)MnO(3), consisting of oriented nanoscale units were selectively produced under hydrothermal conditions from biomimetically prepared MnCO(3) mesocrystals. Topotactic transformation through the intermediate phase of Mn(5)O(8) inheriting a hierarchical structure of the MnCO(3) precursor was essential for the formation of the mesocrystal ...
Tolari Francesco - - 2013
Small ruminant lentiviruses infect sheep and goats worldwide, causing chronic progressive diseases and relevant economic losses. Disease eradication and prevention is mostly based on serological testing. The goal of this research was to investigate the presence of the small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs) in Jordan and to characterize the serological response ...
Bird H A - - 2013
Overuse syndromes of the upper limb are common in musicians. This reflects the long hours spent playing. Possible pathological causes are discussed as well as the ergonomic patterns of playing required of some instruments and other anatomical factors that predispose.
Javani Jouni Fatemeh - - 2013
This investigation was performed to evaluate the influence of the static magnetic field up to 15 mT on the viability and proliferation rate of rat bone marrow stem cells. Cells from passage 5 were trypsinized, and a cell suspension was prepared. The cells were counted and cultured in 25-cm(2) flasks. They ...
Li Xin-Yu - - 2013
The complex Et(4)N[Ni(4-pedt)(2)] () (4-pedt = 1-(pyridine-4-yl) ethylene-1,2-dithiolate) was synthesized to investigate the behaviour of metal dithiolene compounds upon protonation and oxidation by absorption spectroscopy, electrochemistry and structural analyses and to further understand the electronic states of the dithiolene compounds. It is unexpected that the 915 nm NIR transition band ...
Arabadzhiev T I - - 2013
The potential fields generated by single fibres far from the sources are non-propagating. This suggests that there should be differences in the features of surface motor unit (MU) potentials (MUPs) detected from deep and superficial muscles. We explored the features using a simulation approach. We have shown that the non-propagating ...
Saridjan Nathalie S - - 2013
Little is known about the relationship between diurnal cortisol secretion patterns and cognitive function early in life. This population-based study examined whether diurnal cortisol rhythms and cognitive functioning in toddlers are related. Within the Generation R Study, parents of 364 infants (median age: 14.2 months) collected saliva samples at five ...
Kahan Richard S - - 2013
Objective To assess adoption of endodontic nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary technology by general dental practitioners and identify factors influencing its uptake.Design Postal questionnaire.Setting General dental practitioners working in Wales.Methods General dental practitioners (n = 584) were approached regarding their usage or otherwise of nickel-titanium rotary instrumentation during root canal shaping. The ...
Flores F C - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate, for the first time, the antifungal efficacy of nanocapsules and nanoemulsions containing Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil (tea tree oil) in an onychomycosis model. The antifungal activity of nanostructured formulations was evaluated against Trichophyton rubrum in two different in vitro models of dermatophyte ...
Hara Hironori - - 2013
The SYNTAX score stratifies risk among drug-eluting stent-treated patients and is based on lesion characteristics alone. The Clinical SYNTAX Score (CSS) combines the SYNTAX score with age, ejection fraction, and creatinine clearance. We assessed its ability to stratify long-term outcomes in sirolimus-eluting stents (SES)-treated patients. Between August 2004 and March ...
Murphy Robert F - - 2013
At 7 months, an infant born with a third limb attached to a lumbosacral mass with an associated lipomyelomeningocele underwent removal of the limb and spinal cord detethering. Depending on the complexity of the pathology and proximity of the limb to viscera, consultation with neurosurgical and surgical colleagues is recommended.
Meran Soma - - 2013
Antibody-mediated pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a rare complication of erythropoietin (EPO) therapy. Identification and demonstration of functional activity of EPO antibodies required to diagnose this condition is difficult and only performed in selected laboratories worldwide. In this article we report a recent cluster of three cases of antibody-mediated ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Secondary peristalsis contributes to clearance of retained refluxate or material from the esophagus. AIM: The goal of our study was to investigate the effects of hydrochloric acid (HCl) on physiological characteristics of esophageal secondary peristalsis in healthy adults. METHODS: After recording esophageal motility baseline for primary peristalsis, secondary peristalsis ...
Jiao Zhanjiang - - 2013
The association between MHTFR Glu429Val polymorphism and breast cancer risk are inconclusive. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, a meta-analysis was performed. A total of 29 studies including 8,649 cases and 18,672 controls were involved in this meta-analysis. Overall, no significant associations were found between MTHFR Glu429Ala ...
Fontanarosa Davide - - 2013
Conventional ultrasound (US) devices use the time of flight (TOF) of reflected US pulses to calculate distances inside the scanned tissues and thus create images. The speed of sound (SOS) is assumed to be constant in all human soft tissues at a generally accepted average value of 1540 m s(-1). This ...
Singhavi Dilesh J - - 2013
The objective of this study was to develop submicron carriers of two drugs that are practically insoluble in water, i.e. meloxicam and aceclofenac, to improve their dissolution behavior. The phase solubility of the drugs was studied using different concentrations of sparingly methylated β-cyclodextrin, Kleptose(®) Crysmeβ (Crysmeb), in the presence and ...
Tagawa M - - 2013
Malignant mesothelioma, developed in the thoracic cavity, is resistant to current treatments. Suppression of the local tumor growth is beneficial to the patients since mesothelioma infrequently metastasizes to extrapleural organs. A majority of the tumors have a homologous genetic deletion at the INK4A/ARF locus that includes the p14(ARF) and the ...
Thomason K - - 2013
Radial head fractures are the most common type of elbow fracture in adults. Unrecognised disruption of the intraosseous membrane at the time of injury can lead to severe wrist pain from proximal radial migration especially if the radial head is excised. In this case, despite anatomical reduction and internal fixation ...
Zhong Dan-Dan - - 2013
Frontal polymerization was successfully applied, for the first time, to obtain molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). The method provides a solvent-free polymerization mode, and the reaction can be completed in 30 min. By this approach, MIPs were synthesized using a mixture of levofloxacin (template), methacrylic acid, and divinylbenzene. The effect of template ...
Carbone L D - - 2013
The Veterans Affairs Spinal Cord Dysfunction Registry from 2002 to 2007 was reviewed to determine whether men with spinal cord injury (SCI) and lower extremity fractures had an increased risk of complications compared to those without fractures. We determined that fractures are associated with significant consequences, particularly during the first ...
Chomutare T - - 2013
Background: Detecting community structures in complex networks is a problem interesting to several domains. In healthcare, discovering communities may enhance the quality of web offerings for people with chronic diseases. Understanding the social dynamics and community attachments is key to predicting and influencing interaction and information flow to the right ...
Drabik Ewelina - - 2013
Electron ionization mass spectrometry and density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been used to study the fragmentation of diastereoisomers of protected 1,2-diaminoalkylphosphonic acids. The loss of a diethoxyphosphoryl group and the elimination of diethyl phosphonate were found to be competitive fragmentation processes, which can be used to differentiate both stereoisomers. ...
Day Andrew R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is known to provide increased benefits to patients during the postoperative recovery period. Initial scepticism over the oncological adequacy of resection has been dismissed by a number of major randomized trials. Emerging evidence indicates that laparoscopic surgery may provide a potential survival benefit in colorectal cancer. ...
Liu Shasha - - 2013
The ubiquitously expressed hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) acts as a key transcription factor in regulating metabolism, development, cellular survival, proliferation and pathology under hypoxia condition. Compared to mammals, fish are more vulnerable to hypoxia stress and contamination; however, the regulation of HIF-1α in fish remains obscure. In this study, zebrafish HIF-1α ...
Sabeti Faran - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is common among the elderly. While only a small number progress to sight-threatening stages of AMD, identifying prognostic functional markers remains paramount. Here, we objectively evaluate retinal function in patients with large drusen by multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP). Different temporal presentation rates and ...
Li You-Qiong - - 2013
Hb Constant Spring [Hb CS, α142, Term→Gln, TAA>CAA (α2)] is a nondeletional form of α-thalassemia (α-thal) that is most prevalent in Southern Chinese and Southeast Asian populations. We previously found that Hb CS trait could efficiently be screened using Sebia Capillarys2. In this study, we report that Hb CS heterozygotes ...
Thomas M B - - 2013
Objectives To assess adoption of endodontic nickel-titanium rotary technology (NiTi) by community and hospital dental clinicians within Wales and identify factors that may restrict uptake.Design Postal questionnaire.Setting Community and hospital-based dentists in Wales.Methods Community and hospital-based dentists with a remit for provision of restorative dentistry (community dental setting = 32; ...
Freistadt M - - 2013
Pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are critical in sustaining and constantly renewing the blood and immune system. The ability to alter biological characteristics of HSC by introducing and expressing genes would have enormous therapeutic possibilities. Previous unpublished work suggested that human HSC co-express CD34 (cluster of differentiation 34; an HSC ...
Zhang Rui-Qiao - - 2013
In this work, we reported a simple rapid and point-of-care magnetic immunofluorescence assay for avian influenza virus (AIV) and developed a portable experimental setup equipped with an optical fiber spectrometer and microfluidic device. We achieved the integration of immunomagnetic target capture, concentration, and fluorescence detection in the magnetic microfluidic chip. ...
Güven Dilek - - 2013
Serous macular detachment (SMD) may accompany optic disc pit (ODP) and cause visual loss if untreated. We want to present different therapeutic approaches and interesting optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings in three consecutive cases. In this case series, two patients with SMD and one patient with partial macular detachment and ...
Sabel Allison L - - 2013
Little is known about the prevalence of hematologic abnormalities in adults with severe anorexia nervosa. We report the first major analysis of hematologic dysfunction in such patients. We retrospectively analyzed the charts of 53 men and women with severe anorexia nervosa, admitted between October 2008 and December 2010 for medical ...
El-Hendawy Morad M - - 2013
We evaluate the minimum energy configuration (MM) and binding free energy (QM/MM and QM) of CO(2) to Rubisco, of fundamental importance to the carboxylation step of the reaction. Two structural motifs have been used to achieve this goal, one of which starts from the initial X-ray Protein Data Bank structure ...
Andoralov Viktor - - 2013
A flexible electrochemical micro(bio)sensor has been designed for determination of several biological compounds, specifically, ascorbate, dopamine, and glucose, in human lachrymal liquid (tears). The microsensor for simultaneous determination of ascorbate and dopamine concentrations was based on a gold microwire modified with the tetrathiafulvalen-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane complex as a catalyst. To monitor glucose ...
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