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Stachowicz Anna - - 2013
Charge sensitivity analysis (CSA) in force-field atoms resolution was applied to describe the mutual polarization of reactants as well as charge-transfer (CT) effects. An inclusion complex of β-cyclodextrin with salicylic acid was used as a model system. Three CSA models were taken into account and verified on a Born-Oppenheimer molecular ...
Flury Simon - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the degree of conversion (DC) of five dual-curing resin cements after different curing modes with a second- and a third-generation light-emitting diode (LED) curing unit. Additionally, irradiance of both light curing units was measured at increasing distances and through discs of ...
Sun Yaxin - - 2013
Background: Arbidol is licensed in Russia and China for prophylaxis and treatment of influenza A and B. This study was to assess the pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of arbidol in healthy Chinese volunteers. Methods: This was a single-center, open-label, two-phase study conducted in 12 subjects. In singledose phase, ...
Knittel Andrea K - - 2013
In this study, we used data from Add Health Waves II and III to compare men who had been incarcerated to those who had not, and examined whether incarceration was associated with increased numbers of sexual partners and increased odds of concurrent partnerships. We used multivariate regression and propensity-score matching ...
Mahaboob Basha P - - 2013
Chronic fluoride intoxication results in pathophysiological complications pertaining to soft tissues, called non-skeletal fluorosis. This study examined whether fluoride-induced alterations in selected parameters that are indicative of mitochondrial dysfunction accompany the toxic effects of fluoride in discrete brain regions in vivo and also explored the possibility of treatment with Ginseng ...
Bale Reto - - 2013
Up to now resection and liver transplantation are concerned as the only curative treatment options for intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinomas (ICCs). For patients with inoperable ICCs systemic chemotherapy and various locoregional therapies including transarterial (chemo)embolization (TACE), selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) are applied. Stereotactic ...
Terzano Roberto - - 2013
Iron (Fe) is an essential element for plant growth and development; hence determining Fe distribution and concentration inside plant organs at the microscopic level is of great relevance to better understand its metabolism and bioavailability through the food chain. Among the available microanalytical techniques, synchrotron μ-XRF methods can provide a ...
Hsu Mei-Ju - - 2013
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) functions in the regulation of glycogen metabolism, in the cell cycle, and in immune responses and is targeted by some viruses to favor the viral life cycle. Inhibition of GSK-3 by 6-bromoindirubin-3'-acetoxime (BIO-acetoxime), a synthetic derivative of a compound from the Mediterranean mollusk Hexaplex trunculus, ...
Samson Mie Hessellund - - 2013
The trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides TFF1, TFF2, and TFF3 are produced and secreted by mucous membranes throughout the body. Their importance for the protection and repair of epithelial surfaces is well established, and the three peptides are present in various amounts in mucosal secretions as well as in the ...
Wahl Vanessa - - 2013
The timing of the induction of flowering determines to a large extent the reproductive success of plants. Plants integrate diverse environmental and endogenous signals to ensure the timely transition from vegetative growth to flowering. Carbohydrates are thought to play a crucial role in the regulation of flowering, and trehalose-6-phosphate (T6P) ...
Salini P S - - 2013
Fluorine interaction assisted AIEE characteristic in an expanded calixbenzophyrin is presented by single-crystal X-ray-diffraction analysis and molecular modelling approaches. Selective exposure to volatile organic compounds such as ketones and esters results in the breaking of fluorine interaction, leading to enhanced monomer emission.
Friedland Barbara A - - 2013
Comprehension is fundamental for informed consent-an individual's right to choose a medical procedure, such as male circumcision (MC). Because optimal benefits depend on post-surgical behaviors, comprehension is particularly critical for MC programs. We evaluated clients' comprehension of MC's risks and benefits, wound care instructions, and risk reduction post-MC using a ...
Daugschies Arwid - - 2013
Chemical disinfection is common practice and inevitable to achieve sufficient control over parasites particularly in intensive animal housing systems. To identify suitable chemicals, reliable data on antiparasitic efficacy of disinfectants are required. This review summarizes recently published experience with procedures applied to evaluate the viability of a variety of endoparasites ...
McBride Sean M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Locoregional recurrence (LRR) rates following preoperative radiation therapy (RT) and radical resection for retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) are high. Targeted radiation dose escalation has been proposed as a means to decrease LRR, but is applicable only if LRRs are confined to within the RT field. We analyzed predictors for LRR ...
He Bo - - 2013
AIMS: Atrial ganglionated plexi (GP) have been shown to modulate atrial electrophysiology and play an important role in atrial fibrillation initiation and maintenance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of atrial GP stimulation (GPS) on ventricular refractoriness, restitution properties and electrical alternans. METHODS: In 12 anesthetized ...
Kale Sangram S - - 2013
Orthanilic acid (2-aminobenzenesulfonic acid, (S)Ant), an aromatic β-amino acid, has been shown to be highly useful in inducing a folded conformation in peptides. When incorporated into peptide sequences (Xaa-(S)Ant-Yaa), this rigid aromatic β-amino acid strongly imparts a reverse-turn conformation to the peptide backbone, featuring robust 11-membered-ring hydrogen-bonding.
Wevers K P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In melanoma, about 1 in 5 patients develops distant metastases and suffers a very poor prognosis. Common treatment options comprise surgery, systemic medical therapy, and radiotherapy, depending on the number, the location, and the resectability of distant metastases. Previous studies suggested that surgery should be the first choice of ...
Montiel-Sosa Jose Francisco - - 2013
Mitochondrial DNA mutations have been associated with different illnesses in humans, such as Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS), which is related to deletions of different sizes and positions among patients. Here, we report a Mexican patient with typical features of KSS containing a novel deletion of 7629 bp in size with 85% heteroplasmy, ...
Ruiz Mini - - 2013
Objective. Primary generalized glucocorticoid resistance is a rare condition characterized by a generalized insensitivity to glucocorticoids, to some extent due to an impaired function of the glucocorticoid receptor. Our earlier genetic analysis of the human glucocorticoid receptor (hGR) in 12 unrelated patients with primary generalized glucocorticoid resistance revealed two new ...
Lawrentschuk Nathan - - 2013
Imaging for urothelial cancer, particularly that located in the bladder, has generally been based on computed tomography (CT). However in more recent times the role of positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT) has emerged and increasingly magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become utilised. This concise review will outline the role of these ...
Chapman C M C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Multi-species probiotic preparations have been suggested as having a wide spectrum of application, although few studies have compared their efficacy with that of individual component strains at equal concentrations. We therefore tested the ability of 4 single probiotics and 4 probiotic mixtures to inhibit the urinary tract pathogens Escherichia ...
Delaunois Bertrand - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The extracellular space or apoplast forms a path through the whole plant and acts as an interface with the environment. The apoplast is composed of plant cell wall and space within which apoplastic fluid provides a means of delivering molecules and facilitates intercellular communications. However, the apoplastic fluid ...
Murono Koji - - 2013
PURPOSE: Both hepatic steatosis (HS) and colorectal cancer (CRC) are conditions associated with metabolic syndrome. The liver is the most frequent site of distant metastasis of CRC; however, the impact of HS on the incidence of liver metastasis of CRC is not clearly defined. Then, the correlation with the presence ...
Sezgin Melek - - 2013
To investigate the associations between Fas and FasL gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to knee osteoarthritis. Genomic DNA was obtained from 146 patients with knee osteoarthritis and 102 healthy controls. Genotype distributions and allelic frequencies of four polymorphisms of Fas (-670 G>A rs1800682, -1377 G>A rs2234767) and FasL (IVS2nt-124 A>G rs5030772, ...
Anastassiades Constantinos P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: ERCP, especially therapeutic, is difficult in patients with Billroth II surgical reconstruction and is associated with a higher rate of complications. This has led to controversy on the choice between a forward-viewing and side-viewing endoscope for performing the procedure. A previous case series from Asia reported a high rate ...
Kowalczewski Jacek B - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess bone graft incorporation after revision hip arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We report an acetabular reconstruction using impacted, morselized, frozen, radiation sterilized bone allografts in 71 patients suffering from RA. There were sixty-six women and five men at ...
Baranyi Andreas - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Our retrospective follow-up study aimed to explore the degree of overall mental distress in a cohort of solid-organ transplantation (SOT) recipients after liver, heart or lung transplantation. Furthermore, we investigated how overall mental distress is linked to health-related quality of life. METHODS: 123 SOT patients treated during the ...
Chen Fei - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and radiographic results of patients who underwent single-level cervical arthroplasty using the Prestige LP. METHOD: Thirty-one patients with single-level cervical disc disease received the Prestige LP disc replacement from June 2008 to December 2009. The neck disability index (NDI), Japanese Orthopedic Association score (JOA) ...
Lambertz Nicole - - 2013
Aquaporins (AQP) are a growing family of water-channel proteins, numbering 13 to date. Recent studies have reported AQP1 and AQP4 to be involved in the development and resorption of brain edemas of different origin. Other AQPs have also been detected in brain tissue, but their impact on brain edema remains ...
Lee Su-Yeon - - 2013
Diacylglycerol (DAG) is an intermediate lipid involved in the synthesis of phospholipids and triglycerides. As signaling regulators, DAG activate novel protein kinase C leading to decreased response to insulin in skeletal muscle. Alteration of DAG contents correlates with development of metabolic dysregulation in obese and diabetic conditions. Recent advances in ...
López-Ortega Mariana - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The burden of out of pocket spending for the Mexican population is high compared to other countries. Even patients insured by social security institutions have to face the cost of health goods, services or nonmedical expenses related to their illness. Primary caregivers, in addition, experience losses in productivity ...
Tha Goh Kelvin Kim - - 2013
The aim of this investigation was to characterize and explain the rheological behaviour observed for mixed solutions of maltodextrin and galactomannans. When 1% w/w guar gum was mixed with 3% w/w low DE maltodextrin (DE 1 or DE 2), the viscosity at low shear rates (∼0.1 to 10 s(-1)) decreased ...
Lin M - - 2013
A study was conducted to evaluate the main effects of dietary nitrate adaptation by cattle and alfalfa cell wall to starch ratio in in vitro substrates on nitrate disappearance and nitrite and volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations, as well as hydrogen (H2) and methane (CH4) accumulations. Rumen fluid from steers ...
Renne Paul R - - 2013
Mass extinctions manifest in Earth's geologic record were turning points in biotic evolution. We present (40)Ar/(39)Ar data that establish synchrony between the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary and associated mass extinctions with the Chicxulub bolide impact to within 32,000 years. Perturbation of the atmospheric carbon cycle at the boundary likely lasted less than ...
Hagebeuk Eveline E O - - 2013
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by cognitive and locomotor regression and stereotypic hand movements. The disorder is caused by mutations in the X chromosomal MECP2 a gene encoding methyl CpG-binding protein. It has been associated with disturbances of cerebral folate homeostasis, as well as with speculations on a ...
Kanazawa Akishige - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although the utility of laparoscopic liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been recognized in recent years, the impact of the laparoscopic liver resection for HCC with complete liver cirrhosis (F4) is still unknown. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 56 patients who underwent partial hepatectomy for HCC (3 cm or smaller ...
Cho Ki Yeon - - 2013
A multiphase slurry for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries is prepared using an active material, a carbon conductive, a polymeric binder and a solvent, and its physicochemical characteristics is evaluated in this study. The polymer binder interacting with particles in the slurry plays a crucial role in constructing the internal configuration of ...
Kitagawa Hiroaki - - 2013
PURPOSE: A valved ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (V-P shunt) as a vesico-amniotic shunt (V-A shunt) preserves the filling/emptying cycle and normal bladder development in fetal lambs with bladder outlet obstruction. The optimal pressure for such shunts is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created obstructive uropathy in 60-day gestation fetal lambs. A V-A ...
Buck Thomas - - 2013
AIMS: To report the frequency of unsuspected pathologies detected by presurgical and/or postsurgical intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (IOTEE) and its impact on the extent of cardiac surgery and the number of pathologies remaining unoperated. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a 2-year study period, 469 patients (male/female = 273/196; age 68.0 ± 11.9 years) with presurgical and/or postsurgical ...
Cieplik N - - 2013
Inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, autoantibody driven celiac disease and infectious Whipple's disease can all be associated with neurological symptoms. The neurological manifestation may occur even before the gastrointestinal symptoms or the enteropathic symptoms can even be absent as in celiac disease. These diseases can be ...
Rakhlin Natalia - - 2013
ABSTRACT Two experiments tested whether Russian-speaking children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) are sensitive to gender agreement when performing a gender decision task. In Experiment 1, the presence of overt gender agreement between verbs and/or adjectival modifiers and postverbal subject nouns memory was varied. In Experiment 2, agreement violations were ...
Banerjee A - - 2013
Changes in the outlook on management of oral health and dental disease have developed over decades for both dental professionals and the public but now is the time for these changes to be implemented in practice. Minimum intervention is concerned with preventing disease rather than restoring teeth and attitudes towards ...
Modglin Vernon C - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate in vitro responses of MLO-A5 osteogenic cells to two modifications of the bioactive glass 13-93. The modified glasses, which were designed for use as cell support scaffolds and contained added boron to form the glasses 13-93 B1 and 13-93 B3, were ...
Li Xiu - - 2013
It has been reported that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which plays an important role in glial activation in neuropathic pain, is significantly increased in cancer pain. The present study was designed to assess the role of TLR4 in cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) by intrathecal administration of TLR4 signaling pathway blocker ...
Li Fengyu - - 2013
Density functional theory computations were performed to examine the electronic and magnetic properties of MoO(3) two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets and their derived one-dimensional (1D) nanoribbons (NRs). The pristine 2D MoO(3) sheet is a nonmagnetic semiconductor with an indirect band gap, but can be transformed to a magnetic metal when the surface ...
Zhou Jia - - 2013
Mucus hypersecretion is a major manifestation in patients with chronic inflammatory airway diseases, and mucin5AC (MUC5AC) protein is a major component of airway mucus. Previous studies have demonstrated that neutrophil elastase (NE) stimulates the secretion of MUC5AC from airway epithelial cells, however, the mechanism is poorly understood. NE is a ...
Jang Hui Won - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic treatment of difficult common bile duct (CBD) stones (diameter ≥10 mm, or four or more) is difficult in patients who have undergone Billroth II (B-II) gastrectomy. Endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) can be particularly troublesome due to anatomical changes effected by the gastrectomy. AIM: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ...
Musetti Laura - - 2013
Depressive symptoms and episodes dominate the long-term course of bipolar disorder and are associated with high levels of disability and an increased risk of suicide. However, the treatment of bipolar depression has been poorly investigated in comparison with that of manic episodes and unipolar major depressive disorder. The goal of ...
Panda Chakadola - - 2013
Catalytic signal amplification was used for the colorimetric detection of CN(-) in aqueous media by using the enzyme catalase in tandem with mesoporous silica nanoparticle based synthetic HRP enzyme mimic Fe-MSNs. Signal amplification up to a maximum of eight fold was observed for the reporter "oxidized TMB" with respect to ...
Fayeye O - - 2013
A 13-year-old girl presented with a progressive ascending paralysis, bulbar dysfunction and finally respiratory arrest. Magnetic resonance (MR) showed acute cervicomedullary injury and hindbrain herniation. An emergency foramen magnum decompression and external ventricular drainage insertion were performed, and meningococcal infection was diagnosed. The patient recovered completely. Meningococcal encephalitis may have ...
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