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Williams Michael W - - 2013
This study evaluated the incremental utility of neuropsychological tests to computed tomography (CT) in predicting long-term outcomes of adults with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 288 adults with mild complicated, moderate, and severe TBI. Longitudinal data were evaluated during inpatient status in an urban rehabilitation hospital ...
Sarath Babu V - - 2013
Ten cell lines established from Indian marine, brackishwater and freshwater fish were tested for their susceptibility to fish nodavirus. In addition, the efficiency of betanodavirus replication was tested in these cell lines. Multiple vacuolation, a typical cytopathic effect for virus infection, was observed in infected SISK, SISS, SIGE and ICF ...
Kulkarni Manjusha M - - 2013
The digenetic protozoan Leishmania is dependent on ergosterol synthesis for growth and viability. We compared the in vitro activity of ergosterol synthesis inhibitor voriconazole with fluconazole and ketoconazole against cutaneous and visceral Leishmania species. We found the IC(50) of voriconazole was comparable to ketoconazole and both were superior to fluconazole. ...
Yri Olav E - - 2013
ABSTRACT We analyzed the allelic distribution in 12 candidate polymorphisms in a large retrospective study of 486 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated at Oslo University Hospital with 1056 blood donors serving as controls. Variants in TNFα (rs1800629) (GG vs. AG/AA, p <0.001), LTA (rs909253) (AA vs. AG/GG, p= ...
Blumenberg Miroslav - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: One challenge of systems biology is the integration of new data into the preexisting, and then re-interpretation of the integrated data. Here we use readily available metaanalysis computational methods to integrate new data on the transcriptomic effects of EGF in primary human epidermal keratinocytes with preexisting transcriptomics data ...
Rochman Deborah L - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Deficiencies in pain knowledge and attitudes among students and health practitioners are well documented. Occupational therapists (OTs) commonly care for patients who present with pain, and their knowledge of the field presumably impacts that care. This study presents the results of testing OT students' pain knowledge in order ...
Boyarskikh Ul'yana A - - 2013
There is ample experimental evidence supporting the hypothesis that the brain serotonergic system is involved in the control of chronic social defeat stress (CSDS), depression, and anxiety. The study aimed to analyze mRNA levels of the serotonergic genes in the raphe nuclei of midbrain that may be associated with chronic ...
Biggar Patrick - - 2013
The development of ESAs (Erythropoiesis Stimulating Agents) revolutionized the treatment of renal anemia. However, the initial euphoria has abated and, in the last few years, studies have shown that ESAs should not be administered without caution as the rate of cardiovascular events and possibly tumor related deaths may increase with ...
Tong Zhongsheng - - 2013
We report a case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis due to Phialophora verrucosa in a 64-year-old Chinese farmer suffering from CD4+ lymphopenia. He presented with diffuse and infiltrated plaques involving the entire face including the eyes, neck, occiput, and extending to the dorsal regions of his torso. The patient is notable for ...
Kettunen Pyry - - 2013
Landmarks constitute an essential basis for a structural understanding of the spatial environment. Therefore, they are crucial factors in external spatial representations such as maps and verbal route descriptions, which are used to support wayfinding. However, selecting landmarks for these representations is a difficult task, for which an understanding of ...
Amin Alpesh N - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are frequent and life-threatening complications of ischemic stroke. We evaluated rates of symptomatic DVT/PE, and of in-hospital and post-discharge thromboprophylaxis in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: In a retrospective US database analysis, data were extracted from the Premier PerspectiveTM-i3 ...
Ba Ming-Chen - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Clinical efficacy of B-ultrasound-guided and laparoscopy-assisted continuous hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy (CHIPC) for treatment of malignant ascites was investigated. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with malignant ascites induced by ovarian or gastrointestinal cancers were randomly treated with B-ultrasound-guided CHIPC (therapeutic group) or laparoscopy-assisted CHIPC (control group) performed at the same center. ...
Jiang Tongying - - 2013
Abstract Background: Organic porous material is a promising carrier for enhancing the dissolution of poorly water soluble drug. The aim of the present study was to enhance dissolution and oral bioavailability of lovastatin (LV) by preparing a porous starch microsphere foam (PSM) using a novel method, meanwhile, looking into the ...
Traore Fousseyni - - 2013
Retinoblastoma (RB) is a rare embryonic tumour that represents 1/16,000 births in France. In Mali, a study showed the characteristics of a hospital series of cases seen in Bamako in the Pediatric Oncology Unit of Gabriel Touré Teaching Hospital and in the Tropical Ophthalmology Institute of Africa (IOTA) between January 2005 and ...
Tarique Qaiser - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the infaunal, facultative deposit-feeding clam Amiantis umbonella as a bioindicator of trace-metal contamination and the relative importance of clam burrow sediment and porewater to total accumulation in an urban/industrial coastal environment. Concentrations of eight trace metals (cadmium [Cd], chromium, copper, mercury [Hg], ...
Zamanian Mohammadreza - - 2013
Calreticulin (CRT) as a multi-functional endoplasmic reticulum protein is involved in a spectrum of cellular processes which ranges from calcium homeostasis and chaperoning to cell adhesion and finally malignant formation and progression. Previous studies have shown a contributing role for CRT in a range of different cancers. This present review ...
Nicolai M P J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In patients with cardiovascular disease, sexual dysfunction is frequently encountered. Erectile dysfunction shares the same modifiable risk factors as coronary artery disease and the fear of triggering cardiovascular events can create stress and anxiety impacting the sexual lives of patients and their partners. To optimise healthcare, knowledge of cardiologists' ...
Lv Zhi-Dong - - 2013
Peritoneal metastases are one reason for the poor prognosis of scirrhous gastric cancer (SGC), and myofibroblast provides a favorable environment for the peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to determine whether myofibroblast originates from peritoneal mesothelial cells under the influence of the tumor microenvironment. Immunohistochemical ...
Mahapatra Dwarikanath - - 2013
Increasing incidence of Crohn's disease (CD) in the Western world has made its accurate diagnosis an important medical challenge. The current reference standard for diagnosis, colonoscopy, is time-consuming and invasive while magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has emerged as the preferred noninvasive procedure over colonoscopy. Current MRI approaches assess rate of ...
Shin J-Y - - 2013
As hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common tumors worldwide, development of novel therapeutic approaches for HCC is urgently needed. Two different genes, LETM1 and CTMP, which target mitochondrial functions, were chosen and linked using 2A-peptide sequence. Successful self-cleavage of 2A-peptide induced synergistic antitumor effect in the liver ...
Uh Mitchell - - 2013
Crowned dens syndrome (CDS) is a rare but underrecognized cause of severe neck pain in older adults. It is characterized by acute onset pain and stiffness of the cervical spine. Accompanying fever and elevated inflammatory markers often lead to misdiagnosis. It is frequently associated with calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease, hydroxyapatite ...
Singh Hari Ji - - 2013
The present work deals with the theoretical estimation of ion-pair binding energies and the energetic properties of four ion pairs formed by combining the 1-butyl-2,4-dinitro-3-methyl imidazolium ion with nitrate (I), perchlorate (II), dinitramide (III), or 3,5-dinitro-1,2,4-triazolate (IV) anions. The counterpoise-corrected ion-pair binding energies were calculated for each ion pair at ...
Robson J S - - 2013
On the special occasion of the society's Golden Jubilee Conference in Cardiff, as a historical institution a short review of its own history was apposite.
Rath W - - 2013
Placental-mediated pregnancy complications (PmC) like preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction and placental abruption are common causes of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. The high prevalence of hereditary thrombophilias in case-control studies associated with pathological morphological findings of the placenta in these cases gave evidence for the association between hereditary thrombophilias ...
Peng R - - 2013
Bax is a proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member that has a central role in the initiation of mitochondria-dependent apoptosis. However, the mechanism of Bax activation during apoptosis remains unsettled. It is believed that the activation of Bax is mediated by either dissociation from prosurvival Bcl-2 family members, or direct association with ...
Popli Subhash - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Extreme hyperglycemia (serum glucose ≥ 800 mg/dL or 44.4 mmol/L) is infrequently associated with impaired consciousness in patients on maintenance dialysis. The purpose of this study was to determine features of extreme hyperglycemia that bring about coma in dialysis patients who do not have any of the potential conditions, other than hyperglycemia, that ...
Wright Deborah S - - 2013
False images and videos can induce people to believe in and remember events that never happened. Using a novel method, we examined whether the timing of false evidence would influence its effect (Experiment 1) and determined the relationship between timing and repetition (Experiment 2). Subjects completed a hazard perception driving ...
Frings Christian - - 2013
Distractor-based retrieval of event files was assessed with a sequential priming experiment using a four-choice identification task. Pictures or sounds of four different animals (frog, chicken, lamb, singing bird) had to be categorized by pressing one of four keys. On each trial, a target and a distractor stimulus were presented ...
He Ting - - 2013
Background: Malnutrition-Inflammation Score (MIS) has proved to predict the prospective mortality in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. However, its value of long-term mortality predictability in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients has not been adequately studied. Methods: A total of 155 chronic stable PD patients from November 2005 to December 2006 were enrolled. ...
Jain Vishal Kumar - - 2013
Anomalous preduodenal portal vein is a rare abdominal vascular variant; even rarer is the prepancreatic postduodenal position. We report an anomalous portal vein positioned in between duodenum and pancreatic head detected on contrast enhanced computed tomography. Awareness and accurate radiological interpretation of this unique and rare vascular pattern can prevent ...
Magnussen Robert A - - 2013
PURPOSE: While there are numerous anatomic contributors to patellar instability, the role of patella alta has been traditionally under-appreciated. The goal of this systematic review is to identify the described techniques for treating patella alta in skeletally mature patients with episodic patellar dislocation (EPD) and review their published results. METHODS: ...
Wang Yifeng - - 2013
Iodide, as a biologically important anion, it remains a worthwhile yet challenging undertaking to find a sensitive and specific approach to provide a technically simple iodide detection. In this article, it was found that no other ions than iodide-induced anisotropic growth of gold nanocrystals (AuNCs) originated from a small molecule, ...
Hsiao Janet H - - 2013
Recent research suggests that visual field (VF) asymmetry effects in visual recognition may be influenced by information distribution within the stimuli for the recognition task in addition to hemispheric processing differences: Stimuli with more information on the left have a right VF (RVF) advantage because the left part is closer ...
Sakaguchi Kanako - - 2013
A 33-year-old red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis) had a diffuse intestinal thickening from the duodenum to colon. Microscopically, neoplastic cells were arranged in sheets and occasionally nests or cords without gland or squamous differentiation. Metastatic tumor cells were found in the lungs, heart, kidneys and adrenal glands. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells ...
Cursiefen C - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim was to demonstrate the feasibility of targeted removal of a central visually disturbing roll in Descemet's membrane after complicated cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case report: a 76-year-old patient complained of halos and reduced visual acuity after external cataract surgery. At slit-lamp examination a central roll in ...
Lopes Mark William - - 2013
The pilocarpine model in rodents reproduces the main features of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy related to hippocampus sclerosis (MTLE-HS) in humans. It has been demonstrated in this model that the phosphorylation of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor GluR1 subunit is increased 1 h after pilocarpine treatment. Moreover, alterations in the levels ...
Stachowicz Anna - - 2013
Charge sensitivity analysis (CSA) in force-field atoms resolution was applied to describe the mutual polarization of reactants as well as charge-transfer (CT) effects. An inclusion complex of β-cyclodextrin with salicylic acid was used as a model system. Three CSA models were taken into account and verified on a Born-Oppenheimer molecular ...
Flury Simon - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the degree of conversion (DC) of five dual-curing resin cements after different curing modes with a second- and a third-generation light-emitting diode (LED) curing unit. Additionally, irradiance of both light curing units was measured at increasing distances and through discs of ...
Sun Yaxin - - 2013
Background: Arbidol is licensed in Russia and China for prophylaxis and treatment of influenza A and B. This study was to assess the pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of arbidol in healthy Chinese volunteers. Methods: This was a single-center, open-label, two-phase study conducted in 12 subjects. In singledose phase, ...
Knittel Andrea K - - 2013
In this study, we used data from Add Health Waves II and III to compare men who had been incarcerated to those who had not, and examined whether incarceration was associated with increased numbers of sexual partners and increased odds of concurrent partnerships. We used multivariate regression and propensity-score matching ...
Mahaboob Basha P - - 2013
Chronic fluoride intoxication results in pathophysiological complications pertaining to soft tissues, called non-skeletal fluorosis. This study examined whether fluoride-induced alterations in selected parameters that are indicative of mitochondrial dysfunction accompany the toxic effects of fluoride in discrete brain regions in vivo and also explored the possibility of treatment with Ginseng ...
Bale Reto - - 2013
Up to now resection and liver transplantation are concerned as the only curative treatment options for intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinomas (ICCs). For patients with inoperable ICCs systemic chemotherapy and various locoregional therapies including transarterial (chemo)embolization (TACE), selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) are applied. Stereotactic ...
Terzano Roberto - - 2013
Iron (Fe) is an essential element for plant growth and development; hence determining Fe distribution and concentration inside plant organs at the microscopic level is of great relevance to better understand its metabolism and bioavailability through the food chain. Among the available microanalytical techniques, synchrotron μ-XRF methods can provide a ...
Hsu Mei-Ju - - 2013
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) functions in the regulation of glycogen metabolism, in the cell cycle, and in immune responses and is targeted by some viruses to favor the viral life cycle. Inhibition of GSK-3 by 6-bromoindirubin-3'-acetoxime (BIO-acetoxime), a synthetic derivative of a compound from the Mediterranean mollusk Hexaplex trunculus, ...
Samson Mie Hessellund - - 2013
The trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides TFF1, TFF2, and TFF3 are produced and secreted by mucous membranes throughout the body. Their importance for the protection and repair of epithelial surfaces is well established, and the three peptides are present in various amounts in mucosal secretions as well as in the ...
Wahl Vanessa - - 2013
The timing of the induction of flowering determines to a large extent the reproductive success of plants. Plants integrate diverse environmental and endogenous signals to ensure the timely transition from vegetative growth to flowering. Carbohydrates are thought to play a crucial role in the regulation of flowering, and trehalose-6-phosphate (T6P) ...
Salini P S - - 2013
Fluorine interaction assisted AIEE characteristic in an expanded calixbenzophyrin is presented by single-crystal X-ray-diffraction analysis and molecular modelling approaches. Selective exposure to volatile organic compounds such as ketones and esters results in the breaking of fluorine interaction, leading to enhanced monomer emission.
Friedland Barbara A - - 2013
Comprehension is fundamental for informed consent-an individual's right to choose a medical procedure, such as male circumcision (MC). Because optimal benefits depend on post-surgical behaviors, comprehension is particularly critical for MC programs. We evaluated clients' comprehension of MC's risks and benefits, wound care instructions, and risk reduction post-MC using a ...
Daugschies Arwid - - 2013
Chemical disinfection is common practice and inevitable to achieve sufficient control over parasites particularly in intensive animal housing systems. To identify suitable chemicals, reliable data on antiparasitic efficacy of disinfectants are required. This review summarizes recently published experience with procedures applied to evaluate the viability of a variety of endoparasites ...
McBride Sean M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Locoregional recurrence (LRR) rates following preoperative radiation therapy (RT) and radical resection for retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) are high. Targeted radiation dose escalation has been proposed as a means to decrease LRR, but is applicable only if LRRs are confined to within the RT field. We analyzed predictors for LRR ...
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