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Salini P S - - 2013
Fluorine interaction assisted AIEE characteristic in an expanded calixbenzophyrin is presented by single-crystal X-ray-diffraction analysis and molecular modelling approaches. Selective exposure to volatile organic compounds such as ketones and esters results in the breaking of fluorine interaction, leading to enhanced monomer emission.
Friedland Barbara A - - 2013
Comprehension is fundamental for informed consent-an individual's right to choose a medical procedure, such as male circumcision (MC). Because optimal benefits depend on post-surgical behaviors, comprehension is particularly critical for MC programs. We evaluated clients' comprehension of MC's risks and benefits, wound care instructions, and risk reduction post-MC using a ...
Daugschies Arwid - - 2013
Chemical disinfection is common practice and inevitable to achieve sufficient control over parasites particularly in intensive animal housing systems. To identify suitable chemicals, reliable data on antiparasitic efficacy of disinfectants are required. This review summarizes recently published experience with procedures applied to evaluate the viability of a variety of endoparasites ...
McBride Sean M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Locoregional recurrence (LRR) rates following preoperative radiation therapy (RT) and radical resection for retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) are high. Targeted radiation dose escalation has been proposed as a means to decrease LRR, but is applicable only if LRRs are confined to within the RT field. We analyzed predictors for LRR ...
Lopes Mark William - - 2013
The pilocarpine model in rodents reproduces the main features of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy related to hippocampus sclerosis (MTLE-HS) in humans. It has been demonstrated in this model that the phosphorylation of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor GluR1 subunit is increased 1 h after pilocarpine treatment. Moreover, alterations in the levels ...
Stachowicz Anna - - 2013
Charge sensitivity analysis (CSA) in force-field atoms resolution was applied to describe the mutual polarization of reactants as well as charge-transfer (CT) effects. An inclusion complex of β-cyclodextrin with salicylic acid was used as a model system. Three CSA models were taken into account and verified on a Born-Oppenheimer molecular ...
Flury Simon - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the degree of conversion (DC) of five dual-curing resin cements after different curing modes with a second- and a third-generation light-emitting diode (LED) curing unit. Additionally, irradiance of both light curing units was measured at increasing distances and through discs of ...
Banerjee A - - 2013
When patients present with cavities causing pain, poor aesthetics and/or functional problems restorations will need to be placed. Minimally invasive caries excavation strategies can be deployed depending on the patient's caries risk, lesion-pulp proximity and vitality, the extent of remaining supra-gingival tooth structure and clinical factors (for example, moisture control, ...
Odelu Vanga - - 2013
Recently several hierarchical access control schemes are proposed in the literature to provide security of e-medicine systems. However, most of them are either insecure against 'man-in-the-middle attack' or they require high storage and computational overheads. Wu and Chen proposed a key management method to solve dynamic access control problems in ...
Lu Jia J Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2013
Predicting pressure induced wall stress in intracranial aneurysms continues to be of interest for aneurysm safety assessment. In quasi-static analysis, there are two distinct approaches that one may take, the forward approach and the inverse approach. The inverse approach starts from a deformed configuration and thus is naturally suited to ...
Tigen Elif Tukenmez - - 2013
This study aimed to address the relationship between the timing of colistin therapy and the outcome, defined as all-cause mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU). A retrospective study was undertaken in a 16-bed ICU of a 750-bed tertiary care hospital. A total of 46 patients who had been administered ...
Hirano Yoshiyuki - - 2013
We are developing a three-dimensional (3D) position-sensitive detector with isotropic spatial resolution, the X'tal cube. Originally, our design consisted of a crystal block for which all six surfaces were covered with arrays of multi-pixel photon counters (MPPCs). In this paper, we examined the feasibility of reducing the number of surfaces ...
Pizer B - - 2013
A 15-year-old female presented with a middle cranial fossa anaplastic astrocytoma that was completely excised. She received local radiotherapy (54 Gy) and oral temozolomide. Five months after therapy, MRI showed local relapse. She underwent resection of the tumour with implantation of seven carmustine-impregnated wafers (Gliadel(®)). She then received six cycles ...
Banerjee A - - 2013
Changes in the outlook on management of oral health and dental disease have developed over decades for both dental professionals and the public but now is the time for these changes to be implemented in practice. Minimum intervention is concerned with preventing disease rather than restoring teeth and attitudes towards ...
Modglin Vernon C - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate in vitro responses of MLO-A5 osteogenic cells to two modifications of the bioactive glass 13-93. The modified glasses, which were designed for use as cell support scaffolds and contained added boron to form the glasses 13-93 B1 and 13-93 B3, were ...
Nam Hae-Mi HM Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 1 Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-701, - - 2013
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) induces reproductive failure in sows and respiratory problems in pigs of all ages. Live attenuated and inactivated vaccines are used on swine farms to control PRRSV. However, their protective efficacy against field strains of PRRSV remains questionable. New vaccines have been developed to ...
Li Xiu - - 2013
It has been reported that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which plays an important role in glial activation in neuropathic pain, is significantly increased in cancer pain. The present study was designed to assess the role of TLR4 in cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) by intrathecal administration of TLR4 signaling pathway blocker ...
Li Fengyu - - 2013
Density functional theory computations were performed to examine the electronic and magnetic properties of MoO(3) two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets and their derived one-dimensional (1D) nanoribbons (NRs). The pristine 2D MoO(3) sheet is a nonmagnetic semiconductor with an indirect band gap, but can be transformed to a magnetic metal when the surface ...
Zhou Jia - - 2013
Mucus hypersecretion is a major manifestation in patients with chronic inflammatory airway diseases, and mucin5AC (MUC5AC) protein is a major component of airway mucus. Previous studies have demonstrated that neutrophil elastase (NE) stimulates the secretion of MUC5AC from airway epithelial cells, however, the mechanism is poorly understood. NE is a ...
Jang Hui Won - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic treatment of difficult common bile duct (CBD) stones (diameter ≥10 mm, or four or more) is difficult in patients who have undergone Billroth II (B-II) gastrectomy. Endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) can be particularly troublesome due to anatomical changes effected by the gastrectomy. AIM: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ...
Musetti Laura - - 2013
Depressive symptoms and episodes dominate the long-term course of bipolar disorder and are associated with high levels of disability and an increased risk of suicide. However, the treatment of bipolar depression has been poorly investigated in comparison with that of manic episodes and unipolar major depressive disorder. The goal of ...
Panda Chakadola - - 2013
Catalytic signal amplification was used for the colorimetric detection of CN(-) in aqueous media by using the enzyme catalase in tandem with mesoporous silica nanoparticle based synthetic HRP enzyme mimic Fe-MSNs. Signal amplification up to a maximum of eight fold was observed for the reporter "oxidized TMB" with respect to ...
Fayeye O - - 2013
A 13-year-old girl presented with a progressive ascending paralysis, bulbar dysfunction and finally respiratory arrest. Magnetic resonance (MR) showed acute cervicomedullary injury and hindbrain herniation. An emergency foramen magnum decompression and external ventricular drainage insertion were performed, and meningococcal infection was diagnosed. The patient recovered completely. Meningococcal encephalitis may have ...
Tagawa M - - 2013
Malignant mesothelioma, developed in the thoracic cavity, is resistant to current treatments. Suppression of the local tumor growth is beneficial to the patients since mesothelioma infrequently metastasizes to extrapleural organs. A majority of the tumors have a homologous genetic deletion at the INK4A/ARF locus that includes the p14(ARF) and the ...
Thomason K - - 2013
Radial head fractures are the most common type of elbow fracture in adults. Unrecognised disruption of the intraosseous membrane at the time of injury can lead to severe wrist pain from proximal radial migration especially if the radial head is excised. In this case, despite anatomical reduction and internal fixation ...
Zhong Dan-Dan - - 2013
Frontal polymerization was successfully applied, for the first time, to obtain molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). The method provides a solvent-free polymerization mode, and the reaction can be completed in 30 min. By this approach, MIPs were synthesized using a mixture of levofloxacin (template), methacrylic acid, and divinylbenzene. The effect of template ...
Carbone L D - - 2013
The Veterans Affairs Spinal Cord Dysfunction Registry from 2002 to 2007 was reviewed to determine whether men with spinal cord injury (SCI) and lower extremity fractures had an increased risk of complications compared to those without fractures. We determined that fractures are associated with significant consequences, particularly during the first ...
Chomutare T - - 2013
Background: Detecting community structures in complex networks is a problem interesting to several domains. In healthcare, discovering communities may enhance the quality of web offerings for people with chronic diseases. Understanding the social dynamics and community attachments is key to predicting and influencing interaction and information flow to the right ...
Drabik Ewelina - - 2013
Electron ionization mass spectrometry and density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been used to study the fragmentation of diastereoisomers of protected 1,2-diaminoalkylphosphonic acids. The loss of a diethoxyphosphoryl group and the elimination of diethyl phosphonate were found to be competitive fragmentation processes, which can be used to differentiate both stereoisomers. ...
Sun Yaxin - - 2013
Background: Arbidol is licensed in Russia and China for prophylaxis and treatment of influenza A and B. This study was to assess the pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of arbidol in healthy Chinese volunteers. Methods: This was a single-center, open-label, two-phase study conducted in 12 subjects. In singledose phase, ...
Mahaboob Basha P - - 2013
Chronic fluoride intoxication results in pathophysiological complications pertaining to soft tissues, called non-skeletal fluorosis. This study examined whether fluoride-induced alterations in selected parameters that are indicative of mitochondrial dysfunction accompany the toxic effects of fluoride in discrete brain regions in vivo and also explored the possibility of treatment with Ginseng ...
Strodtbeck Kyle K Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2013
Improvements in survival among central nervous system (CNS) tumor patients has made the risk of developing a subsequent cancer an important survivorship issue. Such a risk is likely influenced by histological and treatment differences between CNS tumors. De-identified data for 41,159 patients with a primary CNS tumor diagnosis from 9 ...
Bale Reto - - 2013
Up to now resection and liver transplantation are concerned as the only curative treatment options for intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinomas (ICCs). For patients with inoperable ICCs systemic chemotherapy and various locoregional therapies including transarterial (chemo)embolization (TACE), selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) are applied. Stereotactic ...
Terzano Roberto - - 2013
Iron (Fe) is an essential element for plant growth and development; hence determining Fe distribution and concentration inside plant organs at the microscopic level is of great relevance to better understand its metabolism and bioavailability through the food chain. Among the available microanalytical techniques, synchrotron μ-XRF methods can provide a ...
Wang Y - - 2013
RAS mutations occur frequently in human cancer and activated RAS signalling contributes to tumour development and progression. Apart from its oncogenic effects on cell growth, active RAS has tumour-suppressive functions via its ability to induce cellular senescence and apoptosis. RAS is known to induce p53-dependent cell cycle arrest, yet its ...
Goodwin Julie E - - 2013
Chronic kidney disease is common in pediatric patients following hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Its etiology is likely multifactorial and depends both on pre-conditioning regimens as well as immunosuppressive therapy and posttransplant prophylactic medications. Graft vs. host disease (GVHD) is a common sequela of hematopoietic stem cell transplant and has been ...
Zhang Biao - - 2013
Thermo-tolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus is able to utilize a wide range of substrates, including xylose; however, the xylose fermentation ability is weak because of the redox imbalance under oxygen-limited conditions. Alleviating the intracellular redox imbalance through engineering the coenzyme specificity of NADPH-preferring xylose reductase (XR) and improving the expression of ...
Olagunju Andrew T - - 2013
Abstract Existing evidence from research supports the desirability of integration of mental health services into HIV care in order to mitigate the grave consequences of unattended mental health morbidity among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study aims to find out the burden and pattern of psychiatric disorders that is ...
- - 2013
Monopolar electrosurgery 'should not be used in the head and neck region on patients with cochlear implants'.
Singhavi Dilesh J - - 2013
The objective of this study was to develop submicron carriers of two drugs that are practically insoluble in water, i.e. meloxicam and aceclofenac, to improve their dissolution behavior. The phase solubility of the drugs was studied using different concentrations of sparingly methylated β-cyclodextrin, Kleptose(®) Crysmeβ (Crysmeb), in the presence and ...
Winter Sebastian E SE Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, - - 2013
Changes in the microbial community structure are observed in individuals with intestinal inflammatory disorders. These changes are often characterized by a depletion of obligate anaerobic bacteria, whereas the relative abundance of facultative anaerobic Enterobacteriaceae increases. The mechanisms by which the host response shapes the microbial community structure, however, remain unknown. ...
Hsu Mei-Ju - - 2013
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) functions in the regulation of glycogen metabolism, in the cell cycle, and in immune responses and is targeted by some viruses to favor the viral life cycle. Inhibition of GSK-3 by 6-bromoindirubin-3'-acetoxime (BIO-acetoxime), a synthetic derivative of a compound from the Mediterranean mollusk Hexaplex trunculus, ...
Samson Mie Hessellund - - 2013
The trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides TFF1, TFF2, and TFF3 are produced and secreted by mucous membranes throughout the body. Their importance for the protection and repair of epithelial surfaces is well established, and the three peptides are present in various amounts in mucosal secretions as well as in the ...
Aberg Jonas - - 2013
Premixed calcium phosphate cements (pCPC) have been developed to circumvent problems related to mixing and transfer of cements in the operating room. In addition, by using pCPC the short working times generally associated with conventional water-mixed cements are avoided. In this work, the influence of particle size on handling and ...
Samyshkin Yevgeniy - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of adding a selective phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor, roflumilast, to a long-acting bronchodilator therapy (LABA) for the treatment of patients with severe-to-very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associated with chronic bronchitis with a history of frequent exacerbations from the UK payer perspective. METHODS: A Markov model ...
Almazedi Bahir - - 2013
Supra-aortic vessel injuries are uncommon but can be life-threatening and surgically challenging. Trauma to these vessels may be blunt or penetrating, including iatrogenic trauma following the insertion of central venous lines, which may be preventable. Recent advances in technology have resulted in endovascular therapy becoming a common first-line treatment, and interventional ...
Yuan Yujia - - 2013
The cell surface protein CD83 belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily and is highly expressed on mature dendritic cells. The soluble form of CD83, sCD83, is a potential immune suppressor. In a previous study, recombinant soluble CD83 was expressed in Escherichia coli, resulting in a lack of functional glycosylation. Although eukaryotic ...
Laukkanen Matti - - 2013
We examined whether the use of health care and special school services, prior to admission for psychiatric inpatient treatment, differed between adolescents from child welfare units and those living at their parental home. 208 boys and 300 girls aged 12-17 years were admitted for psychiatric hospital between 2001 and 2006. Child ...
Yan Jia-Kun - - 2013
In this study, we described the complete mitochondrial genome of the pen shell Atrina pectinata. It was 16,811 bp in length and consisted of 35 genes including 12 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNAs, and 21 transfer RNAs (trnS(2) and atp8 lacked). All genes were encoded on the same strand. In gene ...
Reinhardt Zdenka - - 2013
Aim To analyse the current practice and contribution of catheter interventions in the staged management of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. METHODS: This study is a retrospective case note review of 527 patients undergoing staged Norwood/Fontan palliation at a single centre between 1993 and 2010. Indications and type of ...
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