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Hechenbleikner Elizabeth M - - 2013
Rectourethral fistulas are uncommon. Retrospective studies and case reports have highlighted various approaches for surgical repair. Because clinical presentations and technical expertise vary widely, no single procedure has been universally adopted. We sought to qualitatively analyze studies describing surgical techniques and outcomes in adult acquired rectourethral fistulas to outline universal ...
O'Brien Nicole F NF Both authors: Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA. - - 2013
To determine how extracorporeal membrane oxygenation affects cerebral blood flow velocity and to determine whether specific changes in cerebral blood flow velocity may be associated with neurologic injury. Prospective, observational study. PICU in a tertiary care academic center. Children (age less than or equal to 18 yr) requiring extracorporeal membrane ...
Wang Yana Y Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2013
Chemoattractants regulate diverse immunological, developmental, and pathological processes, but how cell migration patterns are shaped by attractant production in tissues remains incompletely understood. Using computational modeling and chemokine-releasing microspheres (CRMs), cell-sized attractant-releasing beads, we analyzed leukocyte migration in physiologic gradients of CCL21 or CCL19 produced by beads embedded in 3D ...
Spaeder Michael C MC Division of Critical Care Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2013
To investigate the impact of human metapneumovirus on morbidity and mortality outcomes in children with severe viral respiratory infection. Retrospective cohort study. ICU, either PICU or cardiac ICU, at three urban academic tertiary care children's hospitals. All patients admitted to an ICU with laboratory-confirmed human metapneumovirus infection between January 2010 ...
Blakemore Laura J LJ Department of Biological Science, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, - - 2013
Zinc is a trace element with a multitude of roles in biological systems including structural and cofactor functions for proteins. Although most zinc in the central nervous system (CNS) is protein bound, the CNS contains a pool of mobile zinc housed in synaptic vesicles within a subset of neurons. Such ...
Lu Yvonne Yueh-Feng YY Department of Adult Health, Research in Palliative and End-of-Life Communication and Training (RESPECT) Center, Indiana University, IN, USA. - - 2013
The objective of the study was to describe and compare cost estimates for a pilot study of the Daily Enhancement of Meaningful Activity intervention for persons with mild cognitive impairment-caregiver dyads. The increasing complexity of the healthcare system and rising healthcare costs have forced nurse scientists to find ways to ...
Moreno Cesar C Department of Neuroscience, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, - - 2013
All organisms must adapt to changing nutrient availability, with nutrient surplus promoting glucose metabolism and nutrient deficit promoting alternative fuels (in mammals, mainly free fatty acids). A major function of glucose-sensing neurons in the hypothalamus is to regulate blood glucose. When these neurons sense glucose levels are too low, they ...
Guerra-Wallace Melissa M MM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
Ischemia depletes antioxidant reserves and impairs mitochondrial electron transport. Oxygen within blood reperfusing ischemic tissue can form free radicals, worsen oxidative stress, and exacerbate tissue injury (reperfusion injury). One strategy for limiting reperfusion injury is to limit delivery of "luxuriant" oxygen during or after reperfusion. Resuscitation guidelines for children with ...
Cline Erika N EN Cellular and Molecular Biology Graduate Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2013
Paclitaxel (Taxol) is an anticancer drug that induces mitotic arrest via microtubule hyperstabilization but causes side effects due to its hydrophobicity and cellular promiscuity. The targeted cytotoxicity of hydrophilic paclitaxel-conjugated polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers has been demonstrated in cultured cancer cells. Mechanisms of action responsible for this cytotoxicity are unknown, that ...
Boros Eszter E The Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Suite 2301, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, United - - 2013
The Gd(III) complex of DO3A-N-α-aminopropionate, Gd(DOTAla), was used to generate a small library of putative MRI probes targeted to human serum albumin (HSA). Ten compounds were synthesized via multistep organic synthesis, and the corresponding Gd complexes were investigated for their affinity to HSA, lipophilicity, and relaxivity in the absence and ...
Ahn Jong-Hwa - - 2013
This study evaluated whether coronary artery calcium scores (CACS) and the degree of stenosis that were measured with computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) predicted post-operative cardiovascular events in patients who were undergoing intermediate-risk noncardiac surgery. Cardiovascular complications are important causes of mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing major noncardiac surgeries. ...
Patel Manesh R - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to understand the possible risk of discontinuation in the context of clinical care. Rivaroxaban is noninferior to warfarin for preventing stroke in atrial fibrillation patients. Concerns exist regarding possible increased risk of stroke and non-central nervous system (CNS) thromboembolic events early after discontinuation of ...
Heringlake Matthias - - 2013
This study sought to determine the usefulness of plasma growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) for risk stratification in patients undergoing cardiac surgery in comparison with the additive European System of Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP), and high-sensitive troponin T (hsTNT). GDF-15 is emerging as a ...
Popp Richard L - - 2013
Cardiac troponin (cTn) is a biomarker of myocardial damage. New generations of high-sensitivity assays find circulating cTn in virtually all subjects. Multiple studies in various populations and patient groups have found higher levels of cTn to be predictive of future heart failure. The author proposes that initial myocardial damage from ...
Chaudhry Sarwat I SI Section of General Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. - - 2013
This study sought to identify risk factors for the occurrence of all-cause hospital admissions among older persons after heart failure diagnosis, and to determine whether geriatric conditions would emerge as independent risk factors for admission when evaluated in the context of other relevant clinical data. Efforts to reduce costs in ...
Newland B B Network of Excellence for Functional Biomaterials (NFB), National University of Ireland, Galway, - - 2013
Nonviral genetic therapeutic intervention strategies for neurological disorders hold great promise, but a lack of vector efficacy, coupled with vector toxicity, continue to hinder progress. Here we report the application of a newly developed class of polymer, distinctly different from conventional branched polymers, as a transfection agent for the delivery ...
Sinner B - - 2013
Many animal experiments have shown that anesthetics can have a neurotoxic effect on immature brains because they induce apoptosis and influence neurogenesis and synaptogenesis. In animal experiments this has substantial implications for the neurocognitive functions of animals in later life. Whether these results of animal experiments can be transferred to ...
Hensel M - - 2013
Severe cases of tuberculosis can cause vital functional disturbances depending on the stage of the disease and the organ manifestation. There is a particularly high mortality rate in intensive care patients with tuberculosis. Extrapulmonary organ manifestations of this disease in particular can be associated with misdiagnosis and fatal outcome. In ...
Aust H - - 2013
The routine administration of supplemental oxygen to women undergoing elective caesarean section under regional anesthesia in order to optimize oxygen supply to the fetus is common anesthetic practice in many German hospitals. However, this practice has been controversially discussed in the non-German literature for many years. This review presents and ...
Goltz D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In rare cases, hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction can be associated with an extraordinarily active non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and subsequent liver cirrhosis. CASE REPORT: The two young adult patients described in this report presented with NASH together with advanced liver fibrosis and cirrhosis 5 and 19 years, respectively after resection of a craniopharyngeoma. ...
Hölzel L P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with depression are treated for a relatively long period as inpatients in Germany. A new treatment model with symptom-orientated release management, post-hospitalization treatment and standardized referral to outpatient therapists could be suitable to specifically shorten the hospital stay of patients who have already profited sufficiently from treatment. MATERIALS ...
Holzhüter J - - 2013
A 44-year-old woman presented in March 2010 for surveillance esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). In October 2004, rectal cancer had been diagnosed and treated by resection of the rectum with adjuvant chemotherapy. A diagnosis of hereditary nonpolyposis colon carcinoma (HNPCC) was established on the basis of the Amsterdam II criteria. Due to a lack ...
Zhu Lin - - 2013
A follow-up study has been carried out to assess the association between MTHFR polymorphisms (SNPs) and overall survival (OS) of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Data on 411 CRC patients after surgery were tested for the MTHFR 677C > T and 1298A > C polymorphisms. For MTHFR C677T, patients with CT genotype (HR = 1.17; 95 % CI ...
Navarro Ronald A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Prior research about symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) after shoulder arthroplasty has not determined whether procedure type (hemiarthroplasty, total shoulder arthroplasty, or reverse shoulder arthroplasty) or surgical indication (traumatic or elective) represent risk factors for VTE after shoulder replacement. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore asked whether the risk of symptomatic VTE events ...
Suzuki Norihiro - - 2013
By using novel triblock copolymer templates, thermally-stable ordered mesoporous SnO(2) thin films are synthesized through a solvent evaporation method. Owing to the high thermal stability of the triblock copolymer, the mesoporous structure is retained even after calcination at 600 °C. After the crystallization, the mesopore walls consist of small crystallite ...
Rush Tomas Allen - - 2013
The genus Meira currently contains three recently described species of mite-associated basidiomycete yeasts from Israel and Japan and is placed in the Exobasidiomycetes (Ustilaginomycotina) Incertae sedis. A previously undescribed species of Meira was isolated from the phylloplane of a magnolia leaf in Louisiana, USA. Herein, we describe Meira miltonrushii sp. ...
Hou Wen-Hsuan - - 2013
PURPOSE: A novel indicator called health-adjusted leave days (HALDs) is proposed. It integrates the opposite level of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with the sick leave days (LDs) before return-to-work (RTW) to better measure the impact of injuries on occupational health. METHODS: A total of 1,167 limb injuries were consecutively ...
Rajpal Jurat S - - 2013
Background: Lecitin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency comprises a group of rare disorders related to HDL metabolism. These disorders are characterized by ophthalmologic, hematologic, and renal findings. Case diagnosis/treatment: A 15-year-old female who presented with nephrotic syndrome and hypertension was diagnosed with LCAT deficiency by renal biopsy and LCAT enzyme activity. ...
Steinhilper Lisa - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Changes in health behavior among women with breast cancer with respect to food intake, exercise and smoking habits are considered. We aimed to analyze (1) significant modifications of these behaviors about a year after breast cancer surgery and (2) the impact of social, medical and behavioral patient characteristics on ...
Gazinska Patrycja - - 2013
Basal-like invasive breast cancer is an important clinical group because of its association with a triple-negative phenotype defined by the lack of expression of estrogen, progesterone and human epidermal growth factor receptors 2, relative lack of therapeutic options and poor prognosis. However, depending on the method used to define these ...
Alieva Roza R - - 2013
Discharged obelin, a complex of coelenteramide and polypeptide, is a fluorescent protein produced from the photoprotein obelin, which is responsible for bioluminescence of the marine hydroid Obelia longissima. Discharged obelin is stable and nontoxic and its spectra are variable, and this is why it can be used as a fluorescent ...
Taylor Anne W - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Research indicates that those who are worried about their health are more likely to change their in-appropriate behavioural-related risk factors. A national survey was undertaken to determine adults who correctly perceive and actually undertake in-appropriate behavioural-related risk factors (smoking, physical activity, alcohol intake, fruit and vegetable consumption, weight ...
Cheung Yin Ting - - 2013
Previous studies have suggested that cognitive impairment can affect cancer patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and daily functioning. This study investigated oncology practitioners' perceptions of the relevance, effects, and causes of such cognitive changes in cancer patients, and their awareness of coping strategies. Oncology practitioners completed a self-administered cross-sectional ...
Mou Shanshan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Colorectal adenocarcinoma with depth of invasion ≤1,000 μm from the muscularis mucosa and favorable histology is now considered for local resection. We aimed to examine the strength of evidence for this emerging practice. METHODS: We searched Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane (1950-2011), then performed a meta-analysis on the risk of lymph ...
Nieder Carsten - - 2013
Several previous studies have suggested that patients with brain metastases should be treated with individualized approaches taking into account prognostic factors that influence survival. Whether or not radiotherapy represents overtreatment in patients with adverse prognostic features is currently being addressed in the randomized QUARTZ trial (best supportive care (BSC) vs. ...
Misra Shubham - - 2013
Recent advances in the understanding of Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis have led to the development of numerous compounds that might ameliorate the disease process. Research in the field of Alzheimer's disease therapy has been partly successful in terms of developing symptomatic treatments, but also had several failures in terms of developing ...
Kim Heonjo - - 2013
By understanding the structural relationship among three shape-controlled Rh nanostructures, namely, {111} nanotetrahedrons, {111} tetrahedral nanoframes, and ⟨111⟩ skeletal nanotetrapods, we could prepare novel hierarchical dendritic Rh nanostructures with ⟨111⟩ Rh arms as linkers between tetrahedral shaped nanocrystals.
Weisser Hendrik - - 2013
We present a computational pipeline for the quantification of peptides and proteins in label-free LC-MS/MS datasets. The pipeline is composed of tools from the OpenMS software framework and is applicable to the processing of large experiments (50+ samples). We describe several enhancements that we have introduced to OpenMS to realize ...
Ponnalagu Devasena - - 2013
Glycodelin A (GdA) is a dimeric glycoprotein synthesized by the human endometrium under progesterone regulation. Based on the high sequence similarity with β-lactoglobulin, it is placed under the lipocalin superfamily. The protein is one of the local immunomodulators present at the feto-maternal interface which affects both the innate as well ...
Lutzak Gregory D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Pancreas divisum patients with focal obstruction of the minor papilla and resulting dilation of the dorsal pancreatic duct [a santorinicele (SC)] have been reported to improve with endoscopic sphincterotomy of the minor papilla (ESMP). In this study, we assess the long-term efficacy of ESMP in SC patients. METHODS: A ...
Altintas Neriman Defne - - 2013
Objective: To report a case of bupropion-associated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) syndrome. Case summary: A 55-year-old man was admitted with complaints of diarrhea, acute renal failure, and confusion ~ 54 days after bupropion initiation for smoking cessation. Subsequently he had a tonic-clonic seizure and had to be intubated because of ...
Liang Yuan-Chang - - 2013
This study presents the synthesis of high-density aligned wurtzite ZnO nanostructures using thermal evaporation on perovskite (La,Sr)MnO(3)(LSMO) epitaxy to form a heterostructure without the assistance of metallic catalysis. LSMO epitaxial films are RF-sputtered with various crystal qualities to examine the correlation between the interface and electrical characteristics of the heterostructures. ...
Pandya Alok - - 2013
A high concern for human health and safety has motivated dynamic research on the potential impact of transition metal ions and their toxic effects, thus it is very challenging to design transition-metal ion detection devices that are cost-effective, rapid and applicable to the biological milieus. Driven by the need to ...
Kim Dong Hwan - - 2013
Tacrolimus (FK506) is an important macrocyclic polyketide showing antifungal and immunosuppressive activities, as well as neuroregenerative properties. Tacrolimus biosynthetic machinery should incorporate the shikimate-derived 4,5-dihydroxycyclohex-1-enecarboxylic acid (DHCHC) as a biosynthetic starter unit into the biosynthetic line of tacrolimus. fkbO is a homologue of rapK encoding chorismatase related to the biosynthesis ...
Dickschat Arne T - - 2013
Bifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) bearing Pd-complexes and additional basic sites were prepared and tested as cooperative active catalysts in the Tsuji-Trost allylation of ethyl acetoacetate. Functionalization of the MSNs was realized by postmodification using click-chemistry. The selectivity of mono versus double allylation was achieved by control of reaction temperature ...
Bénardais Karelle - - 2013
Cuprizone [bis(cyclohexylidenehydrazide)]-induced toxic demyelination is an experimental animal model commonly used to study de- and remyelination in the central nervous system. In this model, mice are fed with the copper chelator cuprizone which leads to oligodendrocyte death with subsequent demyelination. The underlying mechanisms of cuprizone-induced oligodendrocyte death are still unknown, ...
Pilon F M - - 2013
The development of proteinase inhibitors as potential insect control agents has been constrained by insect adaptation to these compounds. The velvet bean caterpillar (Anticarsia gemmatalis) is a key soybean pest species that is well-adapted to proteinase inhibitors, particularly serine-proteinase inhibitors, which are abundant in the caterpillar host. The expression of ...
Liu Huailei - - 2013
Harmine hydrochloride (Har-hc), a derivative from Harmine which is a natural extractive from plants, has been considered for treatment of kinds of cancers and cerebral diseases. In this study, we found that Har-hc clearly decreased cell viability, induced apoptosis and inhibited Akt phosphorylation in glioblastoma cell lines. Moreover, Har-hc had ...
Liu Zihe - - 2013
With the increasing demand for biopharmaceutical proteins and industrial enzymes, it is necessary to optimize the production by microbial fermentation or cell cultures. Yeasts are well established for the production of a wide range of recombinant proteins, but there are also some limitations; e.g., metabolic and cellular stresses have a ...
Wang Yi-Rou - - 2013
A simple and sensitive capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) with UV detection (214 nm) was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEI), donepezil, and rivastigmine, with antipsychotic drugs in plasma. A sample pretreatment by liquid-liquid extraction and subsequent quantification by CZE with field-amplified sample injection (FASI) was ...
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