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Deng Chao - - 2013
Identifying the signalling pathways underlying the pathophysiology of schizophrenia is an essential step in the rational development of new antipsychotic drugs for this devastating disease. Evidence from genetic, transgenic and post-mortem studies have strongly supported neuregulin-1 (NRG1)-ErbB4 signalling as a schizophrenia susceptibility pathway. NRG1-ErbB4 signalling plays crucial roles in regulating ...
Tringali Debora - - 2013
Objective: The study was designed to explore the subjective perspective on end-of-life practices in three different groups of pediatric onco-hematologic nurses. Method: In 2004-2005 each member of the nursing staff of the Pediatric Onco-Hematology Ward of the University of Padua, Italy, and the Oncology Ward and Home Assistance Module of ...
Aigner Daniel - - 2013
Novel pH sensors relying on 1-aminoperylene bisimide dyes covalently grafted onto cross-linked poly(acryloylmorpholine) are presented. They feature fluorescence in the near infra-red range and a large Stokes shift (>90 nm).
Ustuner Evren - - 2013
PURPOSE: Familiarity with the localization of the nerves in the neurovascular bundle that constitutes the axillary segment of the brachial plexus (BP) is important when applying ultrasound (US)-guided block anesthesia. Therefore in this study we aimed to delineate the anatomy of the median, radial, and ulnar nerves of the BP ...
Chaurasia Sunita - - 2013
Purpose:  To report the results of Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) for failed therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Methods:  Twenty-seven eyes of 27 patients undergoing DSEK for failed therapeutic PK were analysed. Results:  The mean age of the patients was 36 ± 13.9 years (range: 14-70 years). The median size of the therapeutic graft was ...
Chaudhary Nivedita - - 2013
Intraspecific variation in six cultivars of clover Trifolium alexandrinum L., (Bundel, Wardan, JHB-146, Saidi, Fahli, and Mescavi) has been studied with ambient and elevated O(3) (ambient + 10 ppb O(3)) in open top chambers. Significant effect of elevated O(3) was detected on different morphological, physiological, and biochemical parameters depicting differential response among the ...
Iannitti Tommaso - - 2013
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease mostly occurring in the knee and commonly seen in middle-aged and elderly adults. Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid has been widely used for treatment of knee osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular injection of a novel highly ...
Zhang Yao - - 2013
Seven new prieurianin-type limonoids, aphapolynins C-I (1-7), and a new aphanamolide-type limonoid, aphanamolide B (8), along with seventeen known compounds, were isolated from the fruits of Aphanamixis polystachya. The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic studies. The absolute configurations were determined by combination of electronic ...
Ferrari Maud C O - - 2013
Due to the high variability in predation risk through space and time, prey have to continuously update information about the risk level posed by predators. Despite numerous studies focusing on temporal risk assessment, we know very little about how individuals deal with information regarding changes in risk level of a ...
Bidussi Massimo - - 2013
This study investigates how hydration during light and dark periods influences growth in two epiphytic old forest lichens, the green algal Lobaria pulmonaria and the cyanobacterial L. scrobiculata. The lichens were cultivated in growth chambers for 14 days (200 μmol m(-1) s(-2); 12 h photoperiod) at four temperature regimes (25/20 °C, 21/16 °C, 13/8 °C, and 6/1 °C; day/night temperatures) and ...
Khan Suhail A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Use of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) with local anesthetic and adjuncts, such as opioids, are cornerstones of ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) and are considered to play a key role in recovery after colorectal surgery. However, its effect on bowel function may lead to prolong hospital stay and is ...
He Feng - - 2013
According to the Milankovitch theory, changes in summer insolation in the high-latitude Northern Hemisphere caused glacial cycles through their impact on ice-sheet mass balance. Statistical analyses of long climate records supported this theory, but they also posed a substantial challenge by showing that changes in Southern Hemisphere climate were in ...
Suebsing Rungkarn - - 2013
AIMS: Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei is an emerging microsporidian parasite that has been linked to recent losses caused by white feces syndrome (WFS) in cultivated giant or black tiger shrimp Penaeus (Penaeus) monodon and whiteleg shrimp Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei in Asia. To more accurately assess its impact on shrimp production and to ...
Hoenig Elisa - - 2013
The implantation of osteochondral constructs - tissue-engineered (TE) cartilage on a bone substitute carrier - is a promising method to treat defects in articular cartilage. Currently, however, the TE-cartilage's mechanical properties are clearly inferior to those of native cartilage. Their improvement has been the subject of various studies, mainly focusing ...
Zheng Fangfang - - 2013
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common malignancy in southern China without defined etiology. Recent studies have shown that TGFBR3, a transforming growth factor type III receptor, exhibits anti-cancer activities. This study was to investigate the effects of TGFBR3 on NPC growth and the mechanisms for its actions. Effects of TGFBR3 ...
Hodges-Simeon Carolyn R - - 2013
Background: Age at menarche is often used to measure maturational tempo in girls. Unfortunately, no parallel marker exists for boys. It is suggested that voice change has a number of advantages as a marker of the timing and degree of male pubertal development. Aim: Traditional auxological methods are applied to ...
Jia Shaodong - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Conventional liquid chromatographic methods coupled with ultraviolet or evaporative light scattering detection are not sensitive enough to determine both polar and less polar ginsenosides at low concentrations. OBJECTIVE: To establish a liquid chromatography-charged aerosol detection method for the simultaneous determination of polar and less polar ginsenosides in a variety ...
Resende Rosa - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease, the most prevalent age-related neurodegenerative disease, is characterized by the presence of extracellular senile plaques composed of amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptide and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. More than 50 % of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients also exhibit abundant accumulation of α-synuclein (α-Syn)-positive Lewy bodies. This Lewy body variant of AD (LBV-AD) ...
Kasas Sandor - - 2013
Recently, atomic force microscope (AFM) manufacturers have begun producing instruments specifically designed to image biological specimens. In most instances, they are integrated with an inverted optical microscope, which permits concurrent optical and AFM imaging. An important component of the set-up is the imaging chamber, whose design determines the nature of ...
Manolikakes Sophia M - - 2013
Treatment of pyridines, quinoline and methylthiopyrazine with the frustrated Lewis pair TMPMgCl·BF(3) () leads to organotrifluoro borates which react readily with a variety of aromatic aldehydes in the absence of a transition metal catalyst.
Cappella A - - 2013
In the forensic and anthropological fields, the assessment of the age of a bone callus can be crucial for a correct analysis of injuries in the skeleton. To our knowledge, the studies which have focused on this topic are mainly clinical and still leave much to be desired for forensic ...
Ishida H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: According to the 7th edition of the TNM staging system, stage IV metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) at the time of initial diagnosis is sub-classified into stage IVA or IVB disease. Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC), considered to have a dismal prognosis, is exclusively sub-classified into stage IVB, even though other metastases ...
Sato Rumi - - 2013
About 85 % of patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (MG) have anti-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) antibodies in their sera (seropositive MG; SPMG). The other 15 % (seronegative MG; SNMG) are also considered to have antibody-mediated disease, but the nature of the antibodies in SNMG is not fully understood. We investigated the effect ...
Bagaria Dinesh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the gold standard for treatment of symptomatic gallstone disease. Nonresolution of dyspepsia postoperatively is of major concern nowadays. The present study was conducted to study the effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on gastric emptying in symptomatic gallstone disease using (99m)Tc sulfur colloid scintigraphy. This pilot study ...
Wang Youhua - - 2013
Ski-interacting protein (SKIP) is a highly conserved protein from yeast to Human. As an essential spliceosomal component and transcriptional co-regulator it plays an important role in preinitiation, splicing and polyadenylation. SKIP can also combine with Ski to overcome the G1 arrest and the growth-suppressive activities of pRb. Furthermore SKIP has ...
Zuo Ming-Liang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Early identification of individuals who are at risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke may enable a closer surveillance and thus prompt initiation of oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate whether congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥ 75 years, diabetes, previous stroke (CHADS(2)) and CHA(2)DS(2)-vascular ...
Faubladier Céline - - 2013
The present study aimed at (1) describing age-related changes in faecal bacterial functional groups involved in carbohydrate degradation and in their activities in foals (n 10) from birth (day (d) 0) to 6 months (d180) and (2) investigating the effect of maternal supplementation (five mares per treatment) from d - 45 to ...
Liem Dennis - - 2013
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic double-row (DR) suture anchor repair of rotator cuff tears has been shown to be superior to most single-row (SR) techniques with regard to footprint reconstruction, load to failure and tendon-to-bone contact pressures. The hypothesis of this study was that the greater contact pressures of DR techniques would compromise ...
Reis Mauro - - 2013
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) has been identified as a key enzyme involved in glycolysis processes for energy production in the Trypanosoma cruzi parasite. This enzyme catalyses the oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) in the presence of inorganic phosphate (Pi) and nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide (NAD+). The catalytic mechanism used by GAPDH ...
Wang Qianlong - - 2013
Synthesis under hydrofluorothermal conditions produces new iron, manganese and vanadium fluorosulfates; these include the isomorphous Na(3)M(III)F(2)(SO(4))(2), M = V, Mn, Fe, with a sheet-like structure formed of linked M(III)F(2)O(4) and SO(4) polyhedra separated by sodium ions which may be extracted electrochemically at potentials of >3.5 V.
Driscoll Andrea - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of chronic heart failure management programmes (CHF-MPs) according to a scoring algorithm used to quantify the level of applied interventions-the Heart Failure Intervention Score (HF-IS). BACKGROUND: The overall efficacy of heart failure programmes has been proven in several meta-analyses. However, the debate continues ...
Hwang Joo-Yeon - - 2013
Gastric cancer (GC) is the most common malignancy. The incidence rates remain remarkably high in East Asians. Although genome-wide association studies in the Han Chinese and Japanese populations have so far yielded susceptibility loci for GC, these findings need to be validated in an independent ethnic group. To identify the ...
Feng Yongqiang - - 2013
A paramagnetic Sc(3)NC@C(80) anion radical was obtained by chemical reduction. ESR spectrometry and theoretical calculations disclosed that the core NC moiety takes possession of the unpaired electron and stabilizes the paramagnetic species. It is the first time a paramagnetic metal cyanide metallofullerene has been obtained.
Richter Holly E - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to characterize pelvic floor symptoms in postmenopausal women who had undergone osteoporosis evaluation and examine their association with bone mineral density (BMD). METHODS: Pelvic floor symptom questionnaires were mailed to 4,026 women. Multivariate logistic regression models controlling for age, race, body mass index (BMI), ...
O'Colmain Una - - 2013
Purpose:  To investigate the clinical features of all patients with acute-onset diplopia presenting to the ophthalmology department. Methods:  The notes of every patient who presented with acute onset (<4-week duration) diplopia to the ophthalmology clinic over a 2-year period were reviewed. Data regarding clinical features, underlying aetiology, past medical history, ...
Klosterbuer Abby S - - 2013
Fibre has been shown to exert a number of benefits on gastrointestinal (GI) health, yet its intake is low. Addition of novel fibres to food products may increase fibre intake and improve gut health. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of three novel fibres on ...
Ramos Languren L E - - 2013
Changes in synaptic efficacy and morphology are considered as the downstream mechanisms of consolidation of memories and other adaptive behaviors. In the last decade, neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) has emerged as one potent mediator of synaptic plasticity. In the adult brain, expression of NT-3 is largely confined to the hippocampal dentate gyrus ...
Shi Guiying - - 2013
A simple and rapid capillary electrophoresis (CE) with an acidic potassium permanganate chemiluminescence (CL) detection method was developed to determine three alkaloids (curine, sinomenine and magnoflorine) simultaneously. A laboratory-built CE-CL detection interface was used. The field-amplified sample stacking technique was applied to the online concentration of alkaloids. Experimental conditions for ...
Chen B - - 2013
This study was designed to compare the effects of alendronate (ALN), strontium ranelate (SR), and zoledronic acid (ZOL) on bone-implant osseointegration in ovariectomized rats. Histological examination and biomechanical tests show that ZOL, ALN, and SR enhance bone-implant osseointegration; ALN and SR have similar effects, while ZOL enhances bone-implant osseointegration more ...
Pemp Berthold - - 2013
Purpose:  The aim of the study was to compare the diameter of the central retinal artery (CRA) between patients with diabetes mellitus and healthy subjects in vivo. CRA diameters were calculated from retinal haemodynamic parameters measured with noninvasive measurement techniques. Methods:  Sixteen patients with type 1 diabetes with no or ...
Mosnaim Aron D - - 2013
Phenylethylamine and its monomethylated derivatives p-methylphenylethylamine, α-methylphenylethylamine, phenylethylamine itself, N-methylphenylethylamine, o-methylphenylethylamine, and β-methylphenylethylamine, readily cross the blood-brain barrier showing a brain-uptake index (%) ± SD (water considered 100 %), of 108 ± 11, 98 ± 14, 83 ± 6, 78 ± 11, 62 ± 7 and 56 ± 6, respectively (injection of tritiated water and 100 μg standard amine, which was measured by gas-liquid chromatography). Similar ...
Panwar Bharat - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The vitamins are important cofactors in various enzymatic-reactions. In past, many inhibitors have been designed against vitamin binding pockets in order to inhibit vitamin-protein interactions. Thus, it is important to identify vitamin interacting residues in a protein. It is possible to detect vitamin-binding pockets on a protein, if ...
Walton S - - 2013
The standard method for assessing blood cell characteristics using an ocular micrometer is time-consuming and limited. We used the Nikon NIS Elements imaging software and May- Grünwald-Giemsa staining to determine whether automated image analysis is suitable for rapid and accurate quantitative morphometry of erythrocytes. Blood was collected during four seasons ...
Abu El-Asrar Ahmed M - - 2013
Purpose:  To determine the expression of the endogenous anti-angiogenic and pro-fibrotic matricellular protein thrombospondin (TSP)-2 and its receptors CD36 and CD47 in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). In addition, we examined the expression of TSP-2 in the retinas of diabetic rats. Methods:  Epiretinal membranes from 14 patients with PDR and nine ...
Ueno Hiroshi - - 2013
Metal encapsulation into a cage and chemical modification on the outer surface of fullerenes endow them with some unique characteristic properties. Although the derivatization of endohedral fullerenes holds promise for producing novel new nano-carbon materials, there are few reports about such compounds. Herein, we report the synthesis of lithium encapsulated ...
Lan Shubin - - 2013
Biological soil crusts (BSCs) perform vital ecosystem services, but the difference in biological components or developmental level still affects the rate and type of these services. In order to differentiate crust successional stages in quantity and analyze the relationship between crust developmental level and successional stages, this work determined several ...
Amini Farahnaz - - 2013
The combination of two silent mutations, c.1311C>T in exon 11 and IVS11 T93C (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) 1311T/93C), with unknown mechanism, have been reported in G6PD-deficient individuals in Asian populations including Malaysian aboriginal group, Negrito. Here, we report the screening of G6PD gene in 103 Negrito volunteers using denaturing high-performance liquid ...
Detopoulou Paraskevi - - 2013
Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome with cardiac, renal, neurohormonal and sympathetic nervous system's manifestations, the pathogenesis of which among others is connected to inflammation. PAF has local and systemic effects pertaining to HF progression since it causes a negative inotropic effect, it induces arrhythmias, it induces apoptosis and ...
Jeong Chang Wook - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previously, the authors demonstrated the feasibility of a pure transvesical natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) for uterine horn resection (UHR) using a rigid ureteroscope in swine as an appendectomy model. However, visualization was poor, and there was room for improvement. The authors have assessed the feasibility and safety ...
Burmeister Christine Friederike - - 2013
Planetary ball mills are well known and used for particle size reduction on laboratory and pilot scales for decades while during the last few years the application of planetary ball mills has extended to mechanochemical approaches. Processes inside planetary ball mills are complex and strongly depend on the processed material ...
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