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Petrie Bruce - - 2013
An ultra performance liquid chromatography method coupled to a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer was developed to determine nonylphenol and 15 of its possible precursors (nonylphenol ethoxylates and nonylphenol carboxylates) in aqueous and particulate wastewater matrices. Final effluent method detection limits for all compounds ranged from 1.4 to 17.4 ng l(-1) in aqueous ...
Linke Stephan J - - 2013
Purpose:  To explore eye laterality (higher refractive error in one eye) and its association with refractive state, spherical/astigmatic anisometropia, age and sex in refractive surgery candidates. Methods:  Medical records of 12 493 consecutive refractive surgery candidates were filtered. Refractive error (subjective and cycloplegic) was measured in each subject and correlated with ...
Lavoie Mireille - - 2013
Objective: The philosophy underlying palliative care places the respect of patients and their autonomy at the heart of clinical practice. A study was conducted at a palliative care facility to document changes that occurred after the integration of a person-centered approach focusing on human freedom (which is linked to autonomy): ...
Mal Ranjit K - - 2013
Measurement of olfactory function is difficult and despite the availability of validated olfactory tests these are not in common use in general clinical practice. The mismatch between self-reported olfactory function and objective test response is well known, thus the need for adequate assessment of olfaction is not disputed. We aimed ...
Kim Jae Keun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Chyle leakage is a rare complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), and its association with pancreatic fistula has not been established. The aim of this study was to (1) evaluate the incidence, management, and risk factors of chyle leakage after PD; (2) determine if there is a relation between chyle leakage ...
Bloodworth Ruhi A M - - 2013
Identification of essential genes by construction of conditional knockouts with inducible promoters allows the identification of essential genes and creation of conditional growth (CG) mutants that are then available as genetic tools for further studies. We used large-scale transposon delivery of the rhamnose-inducible promoter, PrhaB followed by robotic screening of ...
Guimarães Filho Hélio Antonio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery is one of the most serious public health problems and is the most important factor relating to neonatal morbidity and mortality. The strategies for preventing it include understanding the risk factors, with specific interventions. Recently, uterine cervix measurements using ultrasonography and vaginal administration of progesterone have gained ...
Kapur Navin K - - 2013
Despite significant advances in the management of heart failure, short-term mortality due to advanced heart failure and cardiogenic shock remains high. Developed over the past few decades, percutaneous circulatory support devices offer a rapid and effective approach to slow the downward spiral of hemodynamic instability in patients presenting with decompensated ...
Liu Hon-Man - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to report the treatment and outcome of sequential bilateral acute carotid artery blowout syndrome. METHODS: From 2004 to 2010, we treated seven male patients with sequential bilateral blowout syndrome long after irradiation treatment for head and neck cancer. After first common carotid artery (CCA)-internal carotid artery ...
Kornfeld Jan-Wilhelm - - 2013
Insulin resistance represents a hallmark during the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and in the pathogenesis of obesity-associated disturbances of glucose and lipid metabolism. MicroRNA (miRNA)-dependent post-transcriptional gene silencing has been recognized recently to control gene expression in disease development and progression, including that of insulin-resistant type 2 diabetes. ...
Yang Yimin - - 2013
Dragonfly eye beads are considered to be the earliest types of glass objects in China, and in the past have been considered as evidence of culture interaction or trade between West and East Asia. In this article, synchrotron radiation microcomputed tomography and μ-probe energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence were used to ...
Boichenko Alexander - - 2013
Macroporous reversed-phase (mRP) chromatography was successfully used to develop an accurate and precise method for total protein in serum. The limits of detection (0.83 μg, LOD) and quantification (2.51 μg, LOQ) for the mRP method are comparable with those of the widely used micro BCA protein assay. The mRP method can be ...
Majhadi Loubna - - 2013
In patients treated by intravenous (i.v.) thrombolysis, mortality rates range from 10 to 20 % at 3 months. The objective of this study was to determine the timing, causes and predictors of early (within 7 days) and delayed (8 days to 3 months) death after i.v. thrombolysis for cerebral ischaemia. We analyzed timing, causes and ...
Theelen Thomas - - 2013
Purpose:  Macular pigment (MP) deficit has been described in macular teleangiectasia type 2 (MTA; acquired MP loss) and in Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS; hereditary MP deficiency). Central blue light-induced fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and blue light fundus reflectance (BLR) are thought to reflect MP distribution. This study was performed to describe the ...
Bansal Virinder Kumar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Data are insufficient to compare transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP) and total extraperitoneal (TEP) techniques of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. There is very scant data comparing the two techniques in terms of long-term outcomes, which include chronic groin pain, quality of life, and time to return to normal activity. This ...
Allweiler Sandra I - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate reproductive health issues for women working in veterinary anesthesia compared with those working in veterinary critical care. Reproductive health issues were classified as time to conceive, fertility treatment, miscarriage, and children with birth defects. STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaire-based survey. METHODS: A survey was designed to assess the reproductive ...
Beck-Nielsen S S - - 2013
Bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) in children with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) was evaluated, as they are unlikely to have extra-skeletal ossifications contributing to the elevated bone mineral density of the spine in adult patients. Children with XLH also had significantly higher BMAD of the spine compared to femoral neck. INTRODUCTION: ...
Georgescu Ion - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) could offer multiple advantages compared with the laparoscopic approach. One such potential advantage, not yet proven, is the inferior inflammatory response, which translates into less significant operative stress. This study aimed to compare the immuno-inflammatory response between transgastric NOTES and laparoscopy for simple ...
Guo Bin - - 2013
Peanut agglutinin (PNA) and Ulex europaeus agglutinin-1 (UEA-1) were used as probes to study the distribution of β-gal (1→3) ga1Nac and α-l-Fucose in rabbit uterus during early pregnancy. PNA binding was mainly localized on the surface of uterine glandular and luminal epithelium. There were no positive signals on day 1 ...
Yang Jeyul - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial pial arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare cerebrovascular lesion, and the literature is sparse. Most authors insist that simple disconnection of arteriovenous shunting is enough to treat intracral single-channel pial AVF in most cases, either by microsurgery or endovascular embolization without resection of entire vascular malformation. DISCUSSION: We ...
Wang Kai - - 2013
Objective. This study was to evaluate the relationship of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) with extracranial carotid arteries atherosclerosis (ECAS) and intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ICAS) in ischemic stroke (IS) patients. Methods. This study was a prospective cohort analysis of consecutive patients with IS who had not a history of renal ...
Bourgoin-Voillard Sandrine - - 2013
The kinetic method is a widely used approach for the determination of thermochemical data such as proton affinities (PA) and gas-phase acidities (ΔH° ( acid )). These data are easily obtained from decompositions of noncovalent heterodimers if care is taken in the choice of the method, references used, and experimental ...
Okamura Toshiya - - 2013
The modifying effects of 4-methylthio-3-butenyl isothiocyanate (MTBITC) and curcumin were investigated in N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP)-initiated hamsters. Male 6-week-old Syrian hamsters were subcutaneously injected with 10 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) of BOP four times a week, and fed a diet supplemented with 80 mg/kg diet of MTBITC, equivalent to 4.6 mg/kg b.w./day ...
Yu Li-Qing - - 2013
Here we report a covalent bonding approach to fabricate a robust metal-organic framework ZIF-90 coating for solid-phase microextraction. The ZIF-90 bonded fiber exhibits high enhancement factors, wide linearity, excellent reproducibility, and good lifetime for the studied polar endocrine disruptors.
El-Arabi Tarek F - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Comparatively little information is available on members of the Myoviridae infecting low G+C content, Gram-positive host bacteria of the family Firmicutes. While numerous Bacillus phages have been isolated up till now only very few Bacillus cereus phages have been characterized in detail. RESULTS: Here we present data on ...
Ioannou Savvas - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Limited data suggest that fluorine-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) scan may be useful for diagnosing infections of the spine. Brucellar spondylodiskitis might be devastating and current imaging techniques lack sensitivity and specificity. The aim of this prospective study was to determine ...
Lin Mei-Chen - - 2013
ABSTRACT To further address the potential factors that lead up to elder abuse in domestic settings, this paper proposes a model from a communication approach to explain dyadic influences between the family caregiver and the elderly care receiver that give rise to the abuse. That is, dysfunctional communication between the ...
Shimada Hiroyuki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To examine the efficacy of complying with an infection control manual for intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) preparations in reducing the rate of endophthalmitis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed intravitreal anti-VEGF injections conducted by vitreoretinal specialists at the outpatient injection room of a single university hospital between ...
Moore Jonathan D - - 2013
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are regulated by both cyclin abundance and cyclin localization. Increased cyclin expression in cancer was first observed two decades ago, and its role in pathogenesis has been investigated in great depth. This Opinion article focuses on the spatial deregulation of cyclin expression and its potential link to ...
Burger Irene A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Based on prior reports suggesting a positive correlation between fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET)/CT and total sperm count and concentration, we sought to identify changes in testicular FDG uptake over the course of chemotherapy in young men with Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with a mean ...
Hendrix An - - 2013
The secretory Rab27B small GTPase promotes invasive growth and metastasis in estrogen receptor (ER)α-positive breast cancer cells by orchestrating the peripheral targeting of vesicles secreting pro-invasive growth regulators. Increased Rab27B expression is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. The molecular mechanisms of peripheral Rab27B secretory vesicle distribution are ...
Gandy Johanna C - - 2013
Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) activity has been previously linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD) by its phosphorylation of tau and activation by amyloid. GSK3β intracellular distribution is important in regulating its activity by restricting access to compartment-specific substrates. This study investigated regional and intracellular distribution of GSK3β in a mouse model ...
Salplachta Jiří - - 2013
In this study electrophoretic and mass spectrometric analysis of three types of bacterial sample (intact cells, cell lysates, and "washed pellets") were used to develop an effective procedure for the characterization of bacteria. The samples were prepared from specific bacterial strains. Five strains representing different species of the family Rhizobiaceae ...
Aigner Julia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A recent, randomized trial (ACOSOG Z0011) has demonstrated that omission of completion axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in patients with one or two sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases treated with breast conserving therapy (BCT) does not have a negative impact on survival. This study evaluates the impact of omitting ...
Ma Tingting - - 2013
Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) pollution in agricultural soils caused by widely employed plastic products is becoming more and more widespread in China. PAEs polluted soil can lead to phytotoxicity in higher plants and potential health risks to human being. We evaluated the individual toxicity of di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP) and bis(2-ethylhexyl) ...
Villalpando-Arteaga Edgar Vinicio - - 2013
The growing incidence of obesity is a worldwide public health problem leading to a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which extends from steatosis to steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. We investigated whether the aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Hs) reduces body weight gain and protects the liver by improving ...
Park Eun-Jung - - 2013
In this study, we compared their toxicity in vivo and in vitro based on the physicochemical properties of three different types of TiO(2) nanowires, H(2)Ti(3)O(7) nanowires (1HTO), hydrothermal treatment (2HTO), and calcination (3HTO) of 1HTO. The surface of 1HTO was smooth, and the surface of 2HTO was much rougher. The ...
Fan Lingke - - 2013
The assessment of cerebrovascular regulatory mechanisms often requires flexibly controlled and precisely timed changes in arterial blood pressure (ABP) and/or inspired CO(2). In this study, a new system for inducing variations in mean ABP was designed, implemented and tested using programmable sequences and programmable controls to induce pressure changes through ...
Kavanagh Vanessa B - - 2013
Triticale is being considered as a bioindustrial crop in Canada using genetic modification. Because related spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) and durum wheat (T. durum) may exhibit synchronous flowering and grow in proximity, determination of interspecific gene flow when triticale is the pollen donor is necessary to evaluate potential risk. Pollen-mediated ...
Konradsen Tiina R - - 2013
Purpose:  To study the ocular characteristics in patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS). Methods:  One hundred and two eyes of 51 participants with MFS were included in this descriptive study. Ocular characteristics, visual acuity (VA) and biometric values were studied. Results:  The mean patient age was 39.0 years (range, 12.7-71.6). Seventy-seven eyes ...
Yennurajalingam Sriram - - 2013
Objective: Advanced cancer patients often develop severe physical and psychological symptom clusters (SCs), but limited data exist on their consistency or severity after an outpatient interdisciplinary team consultation led by palliative care specialists. The primary aim of the study was to determine the consistency and severity of SCs in advanced ...
DA Silveira Rita DE Cássia Viveiros - - 2013
SUMMARY We have previously shown that the subunit 1 of Leishmania amazonensis RPA (LaRPA-1) alone binds the G-rich telomeric strand and is structurally different from other RPA-1. It is analogous to telomere end-binding proteins described in model eukaryotes whose homologues were not identified in the protozoan´s genome. Here we show ...
Zhu Kailong - - 2013
Aminocatalyzed asymmetric Diels-Alder reaction between 2,4-dienals and rhodanine/hydantoin derivatives via trienamine mechanism has been developed to synthesize various spirocyclic compounds with good yields (up to 98%) and excellent stereoselectivities (up to 99% ee and >19 : 1 dr).
Park Kyoung-Ha - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: There are limited long-term follow-up data on functional changes in the myocardium after high-voltage electrical injury (HVEI). METHODS: Twenty-three patients who had been exposed to HVEI (> 20,000 volts) and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction ([greater than or equal to]55%) were enrolled the study. Echocardiographic parameters including peak ...
Matthews Benjamin F - - 2013
During pathogen attack, the host plant induces genes to ward off the pathogen while the pathogen often produces effector proteins to increase susceptibility of the host. Gene expression studies of syncytia formed in soybean root by soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) identified many genes altered in expression in resistant and ...
Dietzsch Michael - - 2013
Scale formation, the deposition of certain minerals such as CaCO3, MgCO3 and CaSO4 x 2H2O in industrial facilities and household devices, leads to reduced efficiency or severe damages. Therefore, incrustation is a major problem in everyday life. In recent years, double hydrophilic block copolymers (DHBC) have been in the focus ...
Rondelli Fabio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The clinical benefit of prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is unclear. This study aimed to assess the clinical burden of VTE and the efficacy and safety of antithrombotic prophylaxis during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Data sources and study selection studies were searched in MEDLINE and Embase using ...
Sukekawa Takanori - - 2013
The spontaneous microaggregation of platelets (SMAPs) is a marker for the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular diseases. Coupling factor 6 (CF6) binds to the plasma membrane ATP synthase and functions as a pro-atherogenic molecule in the cardiovascular system. However, the role of CF6 in SMAPs and stroke remains unknown. In ...
Qi Cheng - - 2013
Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) has been recognized as a tumor suppressor gene that may inhibit neoplastic transformation and tumor promotion/progression. It was demonstrated that PDCD4 expression was associated with prognosis of multiple types of tumors and cancers. However, PDCD4 expression in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) has not been ...
Graff Jochen - - 2013
The direct factor Xa (FXa) inhibitors rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban, and the thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate (dabigatran) have gained approval for use in several indications, most notably for the prevention and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Hepatic impairment can ...
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