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Ling Binhua B 1 Tulane National Primate Research Center , Covington, - - 2013
Definitive treatment of HIV infection remains a critical but elusive goal, with persistence of residual virus even in the face of prolonged administration of suppressive combination antiretroviral treatment (cART) providing a source for recrudescent infection if treatment is stopped. Characterization of the residual virus and devising strategies to target it ...
Mueller Gabi G Clinical Trial Unit, Swiss Paraplegic Center, CH-6207 Nottwil, Switzerland. - - 2013
To compare the effects of inspiratory resistance training and isocapnic hyperpnoea vs incentive spirometry (placebo) on respiratory function, voice, thorax mobility and quality of life in individuals with tetraplegia. Randomized controlled trial. A total of 24 individuals with traumatic, complete tetraplegia (C5-C8, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale; AIS ...
Wertli Maria M Horten Center for Patient Oriented Research and Knowledge Transfer, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Zurich, Pestalozzistrasse 24, CH-8032 Zurich, - - 2013
The aim of this systematic review was to merge and summarize the current evidence about prognostic factors relevant to the course of complex regional pain syndrome 1. MEDLINE, Embase, PsychINFO, CENTRAL and screened reference lists of included studies were searched for studies of parameters associated with the prognosis of the ...
Faria Christina D C M CD Department of Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2013
To develop and validate a clinical tool based on the biomechanical strategies exhibited by people with hemiparesis due to stroke during the performance of the Timed "Up and Go" test. The Timed "Up and Go" Assessment of Biomechanical Strategies (TUG-ABS) was developed for subjects with stroke, based on the analyses ...
Krüger Liisamari L Orton Rehabilitation Centre, Orton Orthopaedic Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to gain a comprehensive view of the quality of life and socio-economic conditions in a more representative sample of patients with diastrophic dysplasia than previously presented. The study sample comprised 115 patients with diastrophic dysplasia, aged over 18 years. The patients were contacted, ...
Limbäck Svensson Gunilla G Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. - - 2013
To describe the experience of health among patients 3 years after treatment with a structured physiotherapy model or surgery for lumbar disc herniation. A qualitative research study. Patients were referred to the orthopaedic clinic at Sahlgrenska University Hospital with sciatica due to lumbar disc herniation. Twenty patients who were eligible ...
Avan Amir - - 2013
The use of platinated agents in combination chemotherapy regimens for advanced pancreatic cancer is controversial owing to the lack of an outstanding impact on the outcome and a substantial increase in hematologic and extra-hematologic toxicities. Pharmacogenetic studies to identify patients who could benefit most from such therapies are urgently needed. ...
Benedetti Sara S Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London, - - 2013
Muscular dystrophies are genetic disorders characterized by skeletal muscle wasting and weakness. Although there is no effective therapy, a number of experimental strategies have been developed over recent years and some of them are undergoing clinical investigation. In this review, we highlight recent developments and key challenges for strategies based ...
Gourineni Prasad - - 2013
: Percutaneous in situ single screw fixation is the preferred treatment for stable slipped capital femoral epiphysis. The recommended screw placement is in the center of the epiphysis and perpendicular to the physis. We reviewed the results of in situ fixation with the screw placed oblique to the physis. : ...
Ripoll Luis H - - 2013
We present a neurobiological model of empathic dysfunction in borderline personality disorder (BPD) to guide future empirical research. Empathy is a necessary component of interpersonal functioning, involving two distinct, parallel neural networks. One form of empathic processing relies on shared representations (SR) of others' mental states, while the other is ...
Tenenbaum Shay - - 2013
: Nonaccidental pediatric injuries are major cause of morbidity and mortality, with fractures being second to soft-tissue injuries as the most common presentation. As the orthopedic surgeon might be the only physician an abused child would encounter, the role of the orthopedic surgeon is of great importance. It includes recognition, ...
Kim Young S - - 2013
Mast cell sarcoma (MCS) is an extremely rare neoplasm with a clinically aggressive course. Because of its rarity, its morphologic and molecular characteristics are still not well defined. We report a case of a 15-year-old girl with MCS of the temporal bone extending into the posterior fossa creating a mass ...
Hardesty Christina K - - 2013
: The purpose of this study was to determine if digital enhancements could improve upon published and interobserver variability for Cobb angle measurements of idiopathic scoliosis using a commercially available PACS system. The study also sought to determine if experience of the observer affected overall variability and to evaluate the ...
Powell Suzanne K - - 2013
Observation status is at the center of a lawsuit and a legislative effort and is a challenge to hospitals, case managers, and, especially, Medicare beneficiaries. This Editorial discusses the problems, the efforts, and hopeful solutions to this health care dilemma.
Navarre Pierre - - 2013
: Also named Caffey disease, infantile cortical hyperostosis is a rare disease that usually affects children of a few weeks of age. The clinical picture is that of irritability, soft tissue swelling at various sites (mandible, clavicle, limbs) with local warmth, and pain on palpation. Radiographs demonstrate an important cortical ...
Davids Jon R - - 2013
: Surgical management of hip dysplasia in children with cerebral palsy (CP) usually includes varus rotational osteotomy (VRO) of the proximal femur. Several techniques of VRO (end-to-end, EE; end-to-side, ES) have been designed to maximize correction and minimize associated deformities. The goals of the current study were to establish the ...
Campbell Duane - - 2013
Providing care to patients in critical care units generates stress. Helping the critical care nurse manage this stress can lead to better patient experiences and higher nursing retention. While providing holistic care to patients produces better outcomes, addressing the holistic needs of the caregiver must also be considered. Included in ...
Gordon Andi B - - 2013
: Adolescent subjects with severe unilateral hip disease are often stiff and painful yet have limited surgical options. Although hip fusion has been used successfully to minimize pain, acquired gait compensations after arthrodesis are factors felt to lead to knee and back pain over time. However, these gait compensations may ...
Losa Iglesias Marta Elena - - 2013
Death can be difficult to accept, unimaginable, and unexpected. Critical care nurses are directly involved with patients and their families, and their experience can identify the best practices for end-of-life care. The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify the relative importance of helpful behaviors and obstacles that affect ...
Rich Margaret M - - 2013
: Containment treatment is widely accepted in the management of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Many reports indicate the need to regain hip motion before pelvic or femoral osteotomy, but have not indicated how osteotomy affected motion. Recent studies have suggested that osteotomy treatment of lateral pillar B hips may result in a ...
Hanson R Karl - - 2013
This article reviews the research evidence, practice guidelines and accreditation standards for the psychological treatment of individuals who commit sexually motivated crimes. Overall, the sexual offender treatment outcome research is not well developed, which limits strong conclusions. There is, however, strong research evidence concerning the effectiveness of interventions for general ...
Rajan Rohan - - 2013
: The purpose of our study was to independently assess the reliability of the modified Herring lateral pillar classification. : Thirty-five standardized true anteroposterior radiographs of children in the fragmentation phase were independently assessed by 6 senior observers on 2 separate occasions (6 wk apart). The κ analysis was used ...
Hudak Kevin E - - 2013
: It is common for pediatric patients with a history of hip dysplasia to undergo anteroposterior (AP) and frog-leg (FL) lateral radiographs to monitor development of the hip. Because of sensitivity of pediatric tissues to ionizing radiation, we sought to document the relationship between AP and FL radiographs and to ...
Lee Jillian - - 2013
: The treatment of closed fractures with associated peripheral nerve palsy is controversial. Traditionally, the nerve palsy is managed with watchful waiting and subsequent neurophysiological studies if no improvement is seen within 4 months. This may not be necessary if nerve integrity can be imaged acutely with ultrasound scan. We ...
Yamada Katsuhisa - - 2013
: The clinical results of surgical procedures for severe Sprengel deformity have been uncertain. To obtain improved elevation, we consider that it is necessary to realign the lateral border of the scapula for upward rotation. The purposes of the current study were to evaluate the clinical results and range of ...
Boykin Robert E - - 2013
: The modified International Knee Documentation Committee (Pedi-IKDC) Subjective Knee Evaluation Form has recently been shown to be valid, reliable, and responsive in a pediatric and adolescent population. The correlations between the Pedi-IKDC and quality-of-life-related health measures have not been studied in depth to determine how a knee injury affects ...
Salinari Serenella - - 2013
: To elucidate the mechanisms of improvement/reversal of type 2 diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). : Fourteen morbidly obese subjects, 7 with normal glucose tolerance and 7 with type 2 diabetes, were studied before and 1 month after RYGB by euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp (EHC), by intravenous glucose tolerance test ...
Liberman Boaz - - 2013
: Hip transient synovitis (TS) is a common pediatric orthopaedic problem. Although a self-limiting illness, it often makes the patient temporarily disabled and poses a diagnostic difficulty because of its similarity to septic arthritis in clinical manifestations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a single ...
Levine Deborah J - - 2013
Microsporidia are increasingly recognized as opportunistic pathogens in immunocompromised organ transplant recipients (OTR). Disseminated infection due to Encephalitozoon sp. is reported mainly in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and rarely in HIV-negative OTR. The clinical spectrum ranges from keratoconjunctivitis, to pneumonitis, to acute kidney injury. The kidney is a common ...
Shnaiderman Chen - - 2013
Ammonium secreted by the post-harvest pathogen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides during host colonization accumulates in the host environment due to enhanced fungal nitrogen metabolism. Two types of ammonium transporter-encoding genes, AMET and MEP, are expressed during pathogenicity. Gene disruption of AMET, a gene modulating ammonia secretion, showed twofold reduced ammonia secretion and ...
Barnette Lashonda - - 2013
There are many creative ways to teach arterial blood gas interpretation. This article illustrates the use of the stepwise approach, tables, figures, case studies, illustrations, computer-based learning modules, and the tic-tac-toe approach. The authors recommend making several approaches available so students and new critical care nurses can choose the ones ...
Lee Cara Beth - - 2013
: Acetabular dysplasia is a common cause of hip pain that can lead to premature osteoarthritis. This study explores whether demographic characteristics of patients diagnosed with acetabular dysplasia in adolescence and adulthood [adult-diagnosed dysplasia (AD)] differ from those who are diagnosed with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in infancy. ...
Rassin Michal - - 2013
As many as 5% of male hospital patients develop pressure ulcers. This brief study was done to obtain more research about this topic by evaluating the effectiveness of an intervention designed to prevent pressure ulcers in the urinary meatus as a result of urethral catheterization. Implications for critical care nurses ...
Erickson Jodi - - 2013
Bedside nurses in the critical care setting deal with death on a regular basis. Historically, end-of-life decision making has been addressed by physicians with the family and patient, yet nurses may be a better resource for families during the decision-making process. The purpose of this article was to provide a ...
Leff Stephen S - - 2013
Peer aggression and bullying is of considerable importance given the large number of youth involved with or witnesses to this behavior and the association with maladjustment and other negative outcomes. This article reviews current literature on aggression and bullying among school-age youth, including subtypes and differentiating between aggression and bullying. ...
James Jeremy R - - 2013
: Recent publications show a high rate of hypovitaminosis D among children in general as well as among children with fractures. 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were analyzed from hospital records to determine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D, with the goal of using that information in fracture management and nutritional counseling. : ...
Ruiz-Ruiz Susana - - 2013
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) encodes a singular protein (p23, 209 amino acids) with multiple functions, including RNA silencing suppression (RSS). Confocal laser-scanning microscopy of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-p23 agroexpressed in Nicotiana benthamiana revealed its accumulation in the nucleolus, Cajal bodies, and plasmodesmata. To dissect the nucleolar localization signal (NoLS) typically ...
Wong Sunny H - - 2013
Inflammatory bowel diseases occur due to an aberrant immune response to luminal antigens in genetically predisposed individuals. Although specific genetic loci have been identified underlying the predisposition, they have not fully explained the disease etiology. Striking epidemiological observations implicate the critical role of environmental influences on disease penetrance. The emergence ...
Kabirian Nima - - 2013
: Conradi-Hunermann syndrome (CHS) is a rare metabolic syndrome with several orthopaedic problems. Early-onset scoliosis is of great importance because of often rapidly progressive nature and high risk of postoperative complications. : To report the 34-year follow-up and outcome of a patient with CHS treated with combined anterior and posterior ...
Mallet Cindy - - 2013
: Many commissural reconstruction techniques have been described for the treatment of syndactyly. This study is the first to compare long-term results of 2 commissural dorsal flap procedures (T-flap and omega-flap). : Fifty-nine web-spaces in 39 patients, operated on between 1991 and 2008, were retrospectively analyzed. Thirty-six T-flap and 23 ...
Gray Frances C - - 2013
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES:: This is a report of the results of a pilot project conducted to identify the areas where role confusion/ambiguity exists in the practice of nurse case management. METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE:: A convenience sample of 25 registered nurses practicing as case managers in a small east coast medical treatment facility's ...
Bono Kenneth T - - 2013
: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is usually treated with percutaneous in situ screw fixation to prevent further progression of deformity. The purpose of this investigation is to compare computer navigation (CN) techniques with traditional fluoroscopic (fluoro) techniques for in situ fixation of SCFE. : This study was an IRB-approved ...
Schallom Marilyn - - 2013
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a common occurrence in critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients. Reflux can lead to pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents and subsequent pneumonia. Several characteristics of patients, interventions provided in the intensive care unit setting, and factors associated with feeding increase a patient's risk for reflux. Critical care ...
Chung Moon Sang - - 2013
: Polydactyly is one of the most common congenital differences that affect the hand. It has various anatomic and morphologic features. Although the Wassel classification has been used widely for radial polydactyly, it is based on the anatomic level of duplication and has some limitations in describing the concrete morphology ...
Shukla Pinak Y - - 2013
: Unilateral hip reconstruction in patients with cerebral palsy can be complicated by contralateral subluxation and ipsilateral failure. We sought to identify predictors for failure after unilateral reconstruction in patients with GMFCS IV-V CP with unilateral hip involvement. : We performed an IRB-approved retrospective study on GMFCS IV-V CP patients ...
Bledsoe Marlyn K - - 2013
: Historically, physicians completed status assignment during the admission process. Incorrect status assignment of patients can result in reimbursement problems and denial of payment by Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance companies. : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of case manager's role with status assignment during ...
Lykissas Marios G - - 2013
: Melnick-Needles syndrome (MNS) is a rare X-linked dominant disorder affecting the skeletal system and connective tissue. To date, <70 cases with MNS have been documented. Although few reports in the literature have shown that these patients might develop kyphoscoliosis, there is no report regarding long-term follow-up of patients with ...
Seemüller Erich - - 2013
Previous examination revealed a correlation of phytopathogenic data of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali' strains and the DNA sequence variability of a type ATP00464 hflB gene fragment. To further investigate such a relationship, all distinct genes previously annotated as hflB in the genome of 'Ca. P. mali' strain AT were fully sequenced ...
Harbaugh Calista M - - 2013
Alvimopan was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in May 2008 and has been shown to accelerate gastrointestinal recovery after colectomy. Our independent study evaluated alvimopan as it is used in actual hospital practice in the state of Michigan. We hypothesized that alvimopan significantly decreases incidence of prolonged ileus ...
Melmed Gil Y - - 2013
Variation in adherence to management guidelines for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) suggests variable quality of care. Quality indicators (QIs) can be developed to measure the structure, processes, and outcomes of health care delivery. The RAND/UCLA appropriateness method was used to develop a set of process and outcome QIs to define ...
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