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Milovanovic Vladimir - - 2013
Intrapericardial teratomas are extremely rare and most often benign tumours. In this paper, we have described a case of intrapericardial teratoma diagnosed prenatally and successfully operated. The presented case is noteworthy as an example of potentially catastrophic cardiorespiratory distress caused by the space-occupying nature of the tumour. A multi-disciplinary approach ...
Carey S - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Nutritional status has been shown to affect quality of life, tolerance of future treatments and survival in people having undergone major upper gastrointestinal surgery. The objective of this trial was to assess the impact of intense individualized dietary advice following major upper gastrointestinal surgery on nutritional status, dietary intake, gastrointestinal ...
Wright Katherine L KL Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA; Case Center for Imaging Research, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2013
To obtain a simultaneous 3D magnetic resonance angiography and perfusion (MRAP) using a single acquisition and to demonstrate MRAP in the lower extremities. A time-resolved contrast-enhanced exam was used in MRAP to simultaneously acquire a contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) perfusion, which currently requires separate acquisitions and ...
Ouma Kenneth N - - 2013
In Kenya, HIV-1 viral load monitoring is commonly performed with the Cobas Amplicor using plasma specimens. Interest is growing in transitioning to real-time PCR (RT-PCR), such as the Cobas Ampliprep/Cobas TaqMan (CAP/CTM), using dried blood spots (DBS). Before implementation, direct evaluation of the two assays using DBS field specimens is ...
Zhao Mengxia M Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, United - - 2013
Enumeration of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has proved valuable for early detection and prognosis in cancer treatment. This paper describes an automated high-throughput counting method for CTCs based on microfluidics and line-confocal microscopy. Peripheral blood was directly labeled with multiple antibodies, each conjugated with a different fluorophore, pneumatically pumped through ...
Harris Daina - - 2013
Cells in the mammalian blastocyst segregate into three distinct lineages, namely trophoblast, hypoblast and epiblast. During development, these will form extra-embryonic and embryonic tissues, respectively. In mouse, only epiblast cells can be directly converted into cultured pluripotent embryonic stem cells, capable of forming all adult cell types. This conversion is ...
Aguilar Maria L - - 2013
Purpose: Edentulism has been decreasing in the US elderly population; however, due to the increasing number of elderly, the need for prostheses has been projected to rise over the next several decades. One of the aims of the Puerto Rican Elderly Dental Health Study (PREDHS) was to assess the quality ...
Lin Shaoliang - - 2013
The self-assembly behavior of a novel ABC triblock copolymer, poly(ethylene glycol)-b-polystyrene-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEG-b-PS-b-PCL), in aqueous media is presented. The formed micelles were analyzed by using transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy as well as by laser light scattering. Various fascinating multicompartmental aggregates, including multilamellar vesicles, cylinder-containing vesicles, entrapped vesicles and porous ...
Le Goff Géraldine - - 2013
Three novel hydrazides, geralcins C-E (1-3), were isolated from Streptomyces sp. LMA-545, together with MH-031 and geralcins A and B. This unusual family of compounds was isolated from liquid-state and agar-supported fermentation using Amberlite XAD-16 solid-phase extraction during the cultivation step. The use of such neutral resin during the cultivation ...
Moore Gudrun E - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The relationship between the parental genomes in terms of the future growth and development of their offspring is not critical. For the majority of the genome the tissue-specific gene expression and epigenetic status is shared between the parents equally, with both alleles contributing without parental bias. For a very ...
Lepist Eve-Irene - - 2013
The high density of A(1) adenosine receptors in the brain results in significant potential for central nervous system (CNS)-related adverse effects with A(1) agonists. Tecadenoson is a selective A(1) adenosine receptor agonist with close similarity to adenosine. We studied the binding and transmembrane transport of tecadenoson by recombinant human nucleoside ...
Mowlavi G - - 2013
Cases of canine onchocerciasis caused by Onchocerca lupi are increasingly reported from Europe and the western United States of America. The zoonotic role of this parasite had already been suspected in Europe as the clinical signs and histopathology seen in two ocular cases from Albania and the Crimean region were ...
Dilley Laura C - - 2013
ABSTRACT Pronunciation variation is under-studied in infant-directed speech, particularly for consonants. Regressive place assimilation involves a word-final alveolar stop taking the place of articulation of a following word-initial consonant. We investigated pronunciation variation in word-final alveolar stop consonants in storybooks read by forty-eight mothers in adult-directed or infant-directed style to ...
Mathers Amy J - - 2013
The currently recommended phenotypic test for the detection of carbapenemase-producing members of the family Enterobacteriaceae is the modified Hodge test (MHT). However, the MHT lacks specificity. Here we demonstrate an alternative phenotypic test, the indirect carbapenemase test, for the detection of blaKPC-producing isolates that has specificity superior to that of ...
Walker Richard W - - 2013
The incidence of hip fracture and outcomes from hip surgery for people with Parkinson's disease (PD) are thought to be poorer than for people without PD. The aim of this audit of a prospective hip-fracture database was to establish the incidence of, and outcomes from, hip fracture in people with ...
Hübner Astrid - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cohort study was to prospectively assess frequency, characteristics, and determinants of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in pregnancy and its impact on sleep. METHODS: Pregnant women were prospectively studied in each trimester and 8 weeks postpartum. Assessments included interview about RLS symptoms and sleep disturbances; standardized ...
Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2013
Lung cancer is a major cancer, leading in both incidence and mortality in the world, and metastasis underlies the majority of lung cancer-related deaths. Galectin-1, a glycan-binding protein, has been shown to be overexpressed in lung cancer and involved in tumor-mediated immune suppression. However, the functional role of galectin-1 in ...
Rana Rakesh - - 2013
The behavior of charge-density wave (CDW) condensates with the systematic introduction of ferromagnetic (FM) and spin-glass phases in the charge-ordered (CO) lattice of Nd(0.5)Sr(0.5)MnO(3) (NSMO) and Eu(0.5)Sr(0.5)MnO(3) (ESMO) epitaxial thin films was investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. The optical conductivity of (100)-oriented NSMO film, in which the CO lattice has ...
Hsieh Kuen-Chang - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This study aims to improve accuracy of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) prediction equations for estimating fat free mass (FFM) of the elderly by using non-linear Back Propagation Artificial Neural Network (BP-ANN) model and to compare the predictive accuracy with the linear regression model by using energy dual X-ray ...
Christensen Catie - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To present an algorithm with accompanying treatment parameters for the management of congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) based on the best available literature. Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, CINHAL, and Cochrane databases was conducted to identify evidence to guide the conservative management of CMT. Results: An evidence-based ...
Siddiqui Faiza Amber - - 2013
Host cell invasion by Plasmodium falciparum requires multiple molecular interactions between host receptors and parasite ligands. A family of parasite proteins, which contain the conserved thrombospondin structural repeat motif (TSR),has been implicated in receptor binding during invasion. In this study we have characterized the functional role of a TSR containing ...
Chen Yun-Ju - - 2013
Flavonoids have been intensively explored for their anti-cancer activity. In this study, a total synthetic flavonoid protoapigenone known as WYC02, was analysed for its potential anti-cancer activity on human cervical cancer cells as well as the underlying mechanisms for these effects. Using the site-moiety maps to explore the binding site ...
Abt Dominik - - 2013
Intractable hematuria is a common and severe complication in patients with inoperable bladder carcinoma. The aim was to provide an overview of therapeutic options for such cases, and analyze their effectiveness and risk profile, so a systematic literature search of peer-reviewed papers published up to September 2012 was carried out. ...
Cason Garrick W - - 2013
Symptomatic adjacent-level disease after cervical fusion has led to the development and testing of several disc-replacement prostheses.Randomized controlled trials of cervical disc replacement (CDR) compared with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) have demonstrated at least equivalent clinical results for CDR with similar or lower complication rates.Biomechanical, kinematic, and radiographic ...
Chandel Nirupama N Immunology Center, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Hofstra North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System School ofMedicine at Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, - - 2013
Epigenetics contributes to the development of variety of diseases by modulation of gene expression. We evaluated the effect of HIV-induced VDR methylation on loss of TCs. HIV/TC displayed enhanced VDR-CpG methylation and increased expression of Dnmt3b but attenuated expression of VDR. A demethylating agent, AZA, inhibited this effect of HIV. ...
Phatnani Hemali P - - 2013
ALS results from the selective and progressive degeneration of motor neurons. Although the underlying disease mechanisms remain unknown, glial cells have been implicated in ALS disease progression. Here, we examine the effects of glial cell/motor neuron interactions on gene expression using the hSOD1(G93A) (the G93A allele of the human superoxide ...
Dalili Mohammad - - 2013
Vascular stricture is a known complication of radiofrequency ablation. We used this potential of radiofrequency for voluntary restriction and closure of a pulmonary artery branch in a sheep.
Sharma Madhulika M Department of Internal Medicine, The Kidney Institute, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. - - 2013
The Notch pathway is an evolutionarily conserved signaling cascade that is critical in kidney development and has also been shown to play a pathogenetic role in a variety of kidney diseases. We have previously shown that the Notch signaling pathway is activated in human immunodeficiency virus-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) as well ...
Fernandez Monica A - - 2013
Purpose: A precise transfer of the position and orientation of the antirotational mechanism of an implant to the working cast is particularly important to achieve optimal fit of the final restoration. This study evaluated and compared the accuracy of metal and plastic impression copings for use in a full-arch mandibular ...
Piastowska-Ciesielska Agnieszka Wanda - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Angiotensin II is an effector peptide showing multiple physiological effects, such as regulation of vascular tone, tissue growth and remodelling. Postlactational involution of mammary gland involves changes such as high matrix metalloproteinase activity and release of bioactive fragments of fibronectin and laminin, which may be directly regulated by angiotensin ...
Dopper Elise G P EG Department of Neurology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the - - 2013
We aimed to investigate whether cognitive deficits and structural and functional connectivity changes can be detected before symptom onset in a large cohort of carriers of microtubule-associated protein tau and progranulin mutations. In this case-control study, 75 healthy individuals (aged 20-70 years) with 50% risk for frontotemporal dementia (FTD) underwent ...
Gao Weiwei W School of Pharmaceutical Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361102, - - 2013
We recently reported that an N-terminally truncated retinoid X receptor-α (tRXRα) produced in cancer cells acts to promote cancer cell growth and survival through AKT activation. However, how RXRα is cleaved and how the cleavage is regulated in cancer cells remain undefined. In this study, we demonstrated that calpain II ...
Zhang Aifeng A Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2013
A number of studies have shown an association between diabetes and depression. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Previous findings indicate a role for the prefrontal cortex and subcortical gray matter regions in type 2 diabetes and major depressive disorder (MDD). The purpose of this study was to examine ...
Bjørk Ida Torunn - - 2013
AIM: To present a case of knowledge translation in nursing education and practice and discusses mechanisms relevant to bringing knowledge into action. BACKGROUND: The process of knowledge translation aspires to close the gap between theory and practice. Knowledge translation is a cyclic process involving both the creation and application of ...
Di Ieva Antonio - - 2013
The monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) is an important tool in medicine for its ability to portray the brain's compliance status. The bedside monitor displays the ICP waveform and intermittent mean values to guide physicians in the management of patients, particularly those having sustained a traumatic brain injury. Researchers in ...
Sanbe Atsushi A Department of Pharmacotherapeutics, School of Pharmacy, Iwate Medical University, Iwate, 028-3694, Japan. - - 2013
A K141N missense mutation in heat shock protein (HSP) B8, which belongs to the small HSP family, causes distal hereditary motor neuropathy, which is characterized by the formation of inclusion bodies in cells. Although the HSPB8 gene causes hereditary motor neuropathy, obvious expression of HSPB8 is also observed in other ...
Mondal Tapas K - - 2013
Abstract We report a case of a fetus with hypoplastic left heart syndrome in addition to an anomalous vessel extending from the descending thoracic aorta to the basal segments of the lower left lung without sequestration. The concurrence of these two congenital abnormalities is extremely rare and unreported in the ...
Joy Jeffrey B JB Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6. - - 2013
Interactions between species are important catalysts of the evolutionary processes that generate the remarkable diversity of life. Symbioses, conspicuous and inherently interesting forms of species interaction, are pervasive throughout the tree of life. However, nearly all studies of the impact of species interactions on diversification have concentrated on competition and ...
Hirabayashi Keiji - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Tissues and their component cells have unique DNA methylation profiles comprising DNA methylation patterns of tissue-dependent and differentially methylated regions (T-DMRs). Previous studies reported that DNA methylation plays crucial roles in cell differentiation and development. Here, we investigated the genome-wide DNA methylation profiles of mouse neural progenitors derived ...
Marinskis Germanas - - 2013
The purpose of the survey was to evaluate physician's and authorities policies and clinical practices when using occupational X-ray during ablation procedures and device implantation. This survey shows infrequent use of lead gloves, radiation absorbing pads, and lead glass cabins, but increasing use of three-dimensional mapping systems to decrease X-ray ...
Park Hye-Yun - - 2013
The effect of surface characteristics of dielectric layers on the molecular orientation and device performance of sprayed organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) obtained by a novel solvent-assisted post-treatment, called the solvent-sprayed overlayer (SSO) method, were investigated. The OFETs were fabricated by the spray method using regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (RR-P3HT) as an active ...
Lin Lua Pei - - 2013
We evaluated an epilepsy education programme based on text messaging (SMS). Epilepsy outpatients from three hospitals in Malaysia were randomised into two groups: intervention and control. Patients in the control group were supplied with printed epilepsy educational material while those in the intervention group also received text messages from the ...
Toral P G - - 2013
In dairy cattle, diet supplementation with oils affects the lipid metabolism in body tissues via changes in the partitioning and deposition of fatty acids (FAs) and lipogenic gene expression; however, limited data are available in goats. Eight Alpine goats were fed a grassland hay diet supplemented with 90 g/day of ...
Angelberger Sieglinde - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The value of azathioprine metabolites (6-thioguanine nucleotides [6-TGN]) in monitoring clinical treatment response is still controversially discussed. Data regarding thiopurine metabolite levels and endoscopic improvement are lacking. METHODS:: Data were analyzed post hoc from a 1-year, multicenter, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized trial comparing azathioprine 2.0 to 2.5 mg/kg per day ...
Coppieters Ken T - - 2013
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is caused by the destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells by the patient's immune system. While the underlying genetics and immunopathology are fairly well characterized, the environmental trigger remains unidentified. Numerous studies have centered on the role of enteroviruses as etiologic factors that could initiate or ...
Wu Aibing - - 2013
Carbon-encapsulated Fe-Co alloy nanoparticles (Fe-Co(C)) have been fabricated with different Co/Fe ratios by an efficient solid-state route using melamine as carbon source. The structure and morphology of Fe-Co(C) nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The XRD characterization results ...
Rubio Isabel - - 2013
This study examined the effect of oral glutamine (Gln) on radiation injury in breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy. The radiation injury was evaluated using Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) scales. Cosmesis was scored. Blood Gln and glutathione (GSH) levels were determined. Serum protein profiling was determined using surface-enhanced laser ...
Delgado Deborah Ann - - 2013
In an environment of changing demographics and health care disparities, it is essential that nurses continue to develop competence in providing care across cultures. This article presents the findings of a pilot project to measure and compare self-reported cultural competence scores before and after participation in one of the core ...
Keskin Emre - - 2013
DNA barcoding was used in order to identify aquatic invertebrates sampled from fisheries bycatch and discards. A total of 440 unique cytochrome c oxidase sub unit I (COI) barcodes were generated for 22 species from three important phyla (Arthropoda, Cnidaria, and Mollusca). All the species were sequenced and submitted to ...
Ashiuchi Makoto - - 2013
Here we describe a stoichiometric ion-complex of archaeal poly-γ-L-glutamate (L-PGA) and hexadecylpyridinium cation (HDP(+)), called PGAIC, which shows remarkable chemical resistance and potential as a novel functional thermoplastic. PGAIC films suppressed the proliferation of prokaryotic (Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhimurium, and Staphylococcus aureus) and eukaryotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) microorganisms. Moreover, ...
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