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Results 501 - 550 of 2982
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Onwujekwe Obinna - - 2013
The study examined the burden of out-of-pocket spending (OOPS) to households, because available data showed that OOPS dominates household expenditure on health in Nigeria. The study took place in rural and urban districts in Nigeria. A household questionnaire was used to collect data from 4873 households on their healthcare expenditures ...
Lyons Calvin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A novel computer simulator is now commercially available for robotic surgery using the da Vinci(®) System (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA). Initial investigations into its utility have been limited due to a lack of understanding of which of the many provided skills modules and metrics are useful for evaluation. In ...
Kim Sung Kuk - - 2013
The multitopic ion-pair receptor is able to recognize and extract various cesium and potassium salts via three different ion recognition modes. Furthermore, it is capable of extracting and then releasing KNO(3)via ion-pair metathesis with CsClO(4), allowing KNO(3) recovery.
Keith L J - - 2013
Resting aortic stiffness (pulse wave velocity; aortic PWV (aPWV)) independently predicts end-organ damage and mortality. Exercise haemodynamics have been shown to unmask cardiovascular abnormalities, otherwise undetectable at rest, but the response of aPWV to exercise has never been examined. This study aimed to develop a technique to measure exercise aPWV, ...
Ozanne Anneli O - - 2013
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To illuminate how people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) create meaning despite the disease. BACKGROUND: Coping strategies for living with ALS have already been investigated. However, there is a lack of studies on how people with the disease find meaning and what helps and hinders this. DESIGN: ...
García Stephany - - 2013
A microwave-assisted heating method allows for the convenient and reproducible synthesis of defined Au-Rh core-shell metallic nanoparticles with tuneable shell thicknesses. Nanoparticles with shells as thin as two Rh monolayers can be prepared, which are effective in vapour-phase hydrogenation catalysis at room temperature without the need for pre-treatment. Particles with ...
Li Ming-Hsien - - 2013
A parasitological survey for Metagonimus yokogawai metacercariae was carried out by examining a total of 321 freshwater fish comprising of 7 species. Of the 321 fish samples examined, 182 (56.7 %) were found to be infected with M. yokogawai metacercariae. The prevalence of M. yokogawai metacercariae in Opsariichthys pachycephalus was 93.4 % ...
Angeli Fabio - - 2013
Azilsartan medoxomil is a newly approved angiotensin-receptor blocker for the management of hypertension. It is a prodrug that is quickly hydrolyzed to the active moiety azilsartan, a potent and highly selective angiotensin-receptor blocker with estimated bioavailability of ∼ 60%. This new agent induces a potent and long-lasting antihypertensive effect. The ...
Saini Nisha - - 2013
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is widely used in clinical research to map the structural and functional organization of the brain. We have designed and synthesized a Gd-based specific MR contrast agent that binds to regions in the brain. The presented compound {4-[(4-benzothiazol-2-yl-phenylcarbamoyl)-methyl]-7,10-bis-carboxymethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododec-1-yl} acetic acid (DO3A-BT) was synthesized by conjugating the ...
Nakahira Shin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) surveillance in Japan is based on the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance system, which categorizes all hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgeries, except for cholecystectomy, into "BILI." We evaluated differences among BILI procedures to determine the optimal subdivision for SSI surveillance. METHODS: We conducted multicenter SSI surveillance at 20 hospitals. ...
Burg Ariela - - 2013
The effect of the ligands 2,5,8,11-tetramethyl-2,5,8,11-tetraaza-dodecane and fumarate on the mechanism and kinetics of the Cu(i) catalyzed Meerwein reaction was studied. The results point out that initially the Cu(i) ion binds to the aromatic ring with the diazo substituent. This reaction is followed by a redox process involving N(2) loss ...
Siegal Deborah M - - 2013
Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) that directly inhibit thrombin (dabigatran) or factor Xa (rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban) are effective therapies for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolism with reduced bleeding complications compared with warfarin for some indications. However, specific antidotes to reverse the anticoagulant activity of NOACs in the event of major ...
Agardh Hanna E - - 2013
Discovery of novel biomarkers for atherosclerosis is important to aid in early diagnosis of pre-symptomatic patients at high risk of cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was therefore to identify potential biomarkers in circulating cells reflecting atherosclerotic lesion progression in the vessel wall. We performed gene arrays on ...
Hernádi László - - 2013
The location of cerebral neurons innervating the three recently described flexor muscles involved in the orientation of the posterior tentacles was investigated by applying parallel retrograde Co- and Ni-lysine tracing via the olfactory and the peritentacular nerves. Their innervation patterns in the flexor muscles were studied by applying anterograde neurobiotin ...
Kornfeld Jan-Wilhelm - - 2013
Insulin resistance represents a hallmark during the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and in the pathogenesis of obesity-associated disturbances of glucose and lipid metabolism. MicroRNA (miRNA)-dependent post-transcriptional gene silencing has been recognized recently to control gene expression in disease development and progression, including that of insulin-resistant type 2 diabetes. ...
Yang Yimin - - 2013
Dragonfly eye beads are considered to be the earliest types of glass objects in China, and in the past have been considered as evidence of culture interaction or trade between West and East Asia. In this article, synchrotron radiation microcomputed tomography and μ-probe energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence were used to ...
Boichenko Alexander - - 2013
Macroporous reversed-phase (mRP) chromatography was successfully used to develop an accurate and precise method for total protein in serum. The limits of detection (0.83 μg, LOD) and quantification (2.51 μg, LOQ) for the mRP method are comparable with those of the widely used micro BCA protein assay. The mRP method can be ...
Majhadi Loubna - - 2013
In patients treated by intravenous (i.v.) thrombolysis, mortality rates range from 10 to 20 % at 3 months. The objective of this study was to determine the timing, causes and predictors of early (within 7 days) and delayed (8 days to 3 months) death after i.v. thrombolysis for cerebral ischaemia. We analyzed timing, causes and ...
Theelen Thomas - - 2013
Purpose:  Macular pigment (MP) deficit has been described in macular teleangiectasia type 2 (MTA; acquired MP loss) and in Sjögren-Larsson syndrome (SLS; hereditary MP deficiency). Central blue light-induced fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and blue light fundus reflectance (BLR) are thought to reflect MP distribution. This study was performed to describe the ...
Bansal Virinder Kumar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Data are insufficient to compare transabdominal preperitoneal repair (TAPP) and total extraperitoneal (TEP) techniques of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. There is very scant data comparing the two techniques in terms of long-term outcomes, which include chronic groin pain, quality of life, and time to return to normal activity. This ...
Cobanoğlu Bengü - - 2013
Allergic rhinitis is the most common atopic disorder seen in ENT clinics. It is diagnosed by history, physical exam and objective testing. Patient education, environmental control measures, pharmacotherapy, and allergen-specific immunotherapy are the cornerstones of allergic rhinitis treatment and can significantly reduce the burden of disease. Current treatment guidelines include ...
Clark Wesley D - - 2013
1,3-Bis(3'-butylimidazol-1'-yl)benzene diiodide (), 1,3-bis(3'-but-3''-enyl-imidazolium-3'-yl)benzene diiodide (), 1,3-bis(3'-pent-4''-enyl-imidazolium-3'-yl)benzene diiodide (), 1,3-bis(4'-butyl-1',2',4'-triazolium-1'-yl)benzene diiodide (), or 1,3-bis(4'-butyl-1',2',4'-triazolium-1'-yl)benzene dibromide () was reacted with Ag(2)O yielding unprecedented tetra-N-heterocyclic carbene-Ag(i)-X cubane-type clusters. These were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, ESI-TOF MS, elemental analysis, and X-ray crystallography. Results from VT (13)C NMR spectroscopy and cross-over ...
Hierro Luis A - - 2013
In studies on the redistributive, vertical, and horizontal effects of health care financing, the sum of the contributions calculated for each financial instrument does not equal the total effects. As a consequence, the final calculations tend to be overestimated or underestimated. The solution proposed here involves the adaptation of the ...
Shojaei S H Reza - - 2013
The results of experimental studies of the valence electronic structure of tetrahydrofuran employing He I photoelectron spectroscopy as well as Electron Momentum Spectroscopy (EMS) have been reinterpreted on the basis of Molecular Dynamical simulations employing the classical MM3 force field and large scale quantum mechanical simulations employing Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics ...
Altomare Claudia - - 2013
Mutations underlying genetic cardiomyopathies might affect differentiation commitment of resident progenitor cells. Cardiac mesoangioblasts (cMabs) are multipotent progenitor cells resident in the myocardium. A switch from cardiac to skeletal muscle differentiation has been recently described in cMabs from β-sarcoglycan-null mice (βSG(-/-) ), a murine model of genetic myopathy with early ...
Qi Feng - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases pose increasing threats to public health with increasing population density and more and more sophisticated social networks. While efforts continue in studying the large scale dissemination of contagious diseases, individual-based activity and behaviour study benefits not only disease transmission modelling but also the control, containment, and ...
Kwon Kyoung-Joo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRC) of the stomach is a histological type based on microscopic characteristics. Although the distinctive clinicopathological features of SRC have been reported, results are inconsistent and survival outcomes are uncertain. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 769 patients with gastric carcinoma who underwent gastrectomy in our institute ...
Szychta Pawel - - 2013
Subjective assessment of results after laser treatment for birthmarks does not provide a validated method for clinicians. Previous reports concerning objective evaluation using L*a*b color coordinates were only partially successful due to difficulties in standardizing and comparing colors from pre- and posttreatment photographs. The study aimed to present a reliable ...
Zhu Shaojun - - 2013
EMMPRIN/CD147 has been proved to be associated with tumor invasion and metastasis in various human malignancies. In the present study, we investigated the expression of CD147 and its association with disease-free survival of colorectal cancer patients. CD147 expression was investigated in 328 cases of colorectal cancer by immunohistochemistry assay. Statistical ...
Meister B - - 2013
Delta-like 1 homologue (DLK1), also known as preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1), fetal antigen (FA1) or pG2, is a transmembrane protein belonging to the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like superfamily. The protein becomes soluble and biologically active after cleavage of the TACE enzyme. DLK1 is involved in the differentiation of several cell types, ...
Cui Lixia - - 2013
The objective of the present study is to test the validity of the integrated cognitive model of depression proposed by Kwon and Oei () with a Chinese adolescent sample. A two-wave panel design was used. We hypothesized that the interaction between dysfunctional attitudes measured at time 1 and adolescents' negative ...
Skjelsager A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Open radical retropubic prostatectomy (ORRP) is associated with moderate pain. We hypothesized that a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block would reduce post-operative pain, morphine consumption and opioid-related side effects compared with wound infiltration and placebo in this population. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled study. The operations ...
Astroth Kim S - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers and facilitators to nurses' decisions regarding activation of rapid response teams (RRTs) in hospitals. BACKGROUND: Hospitalised patients in the United States who experience cardiopulmonary arrest seldom recover. Most of these patients show signs of clinical deterioration prior to cardiopulmonary arrest. RRTs have been shown ...
Zhao Fu-Jie - - 2013
This study was to investigate the differences between neonate mice born to Schistosoma japonicum-infected mothers and those born to non-infected mothers in subsequent challenge. The intensity of infection (evidenced by worm burden and liver egg burden) and liver immunopathology (number and size of liver granulomas) were significantly reduced in neonates ...
Kanda Atsushi - - 2013
It is well known that ingestion of a protein source is effective in stimulating muscle protein synthesis after exercise. In addition, there are numerous reports on the impact of leucine and leucine-rich whey protein on muscle protein synthesis and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling. However, there is only limited ...
Sánchez-Quintana Damián - - 2013
Catheter ablation of cardiac arrhythmias has rapidly evolved from a highly experimental procedure to a standard form of therapy for various tachyarrhythmias. The advances in this field have included, first, the development of techniques of catheter ablation that often requires the precise destruction of minute amounts of arrhythmogenic tissues and, ...
Kjellström Ulrika - - 2013
Purpose:  To investigate the clinical value of assessment of peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness with OCT in addition to the evaluation of retinal function measured by full-field electroretinography (ff-ERG) in patients with suspected vigabatrin (VGB)-attributed visual field defects. Methods:  Visual fields from adult patients in our clinical follow-up ...
Jaakkola Kelly - - 2013
Scientists have long debated the extent to which animals can imitate. Observations of bottlenose dolphins suggest a sophisticated capacity for social imitation, but little is known about the nature of these abilities. Here, we explore the behavioral mechanisms underlying a dolphin's ability to copy motor actions while blindfolded (i.e., wearing ...
Nazıroğlu Mustafa - - 2013
It has been widely suggested that oxidative stress products play an important role in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. Capparis ovata (C. ovata) may useful treatment of epilepsy because it contains antioxidant flavonoids. The current study was designed to determine the effects of C. ovata on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant levels and ...
Ben Salah Afif - - 2013
There is a need for a simple and efficacious treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis with an acceptable side-effect profile. We conducted a randomized, vehicle-controlled phase 3 trial of topical treatments containing 15% paromomycin, with and without 0.5% gentamicin, for cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major in Tunisia. We randomly assigned 375 ...
Wang Xiaoyu - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Binning 16S rRNA sequences into operational taxonomic units (OTUs) is an initial crucial step in analyzing large sequence datasets generated to determine microbial community compositions in various environments including that of the human gut. Various methods have been developed, but most suffer from either inaccuracies or from being ...
Zhou Jian - - 2013
Replacement of phenyl ring(s) in tetraphenylethene by naphthalene ring(s) generates a series of new luminogens with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) characteristics, demonstrating that bulky naphthalene rings can serve as a rotor to construct AIE luminogens.
Svintsova Liliya I - - 2013
The use of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the management of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in infants and small children remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of RFA in critically ill small children (<1 year of age) with drug-resistant tachycardia accompanied by arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy and ...
Pushkar Dmitry Y - - 2013
Necrotising fasciitis is a severe form of soft tissue infection. Herein, we present an unreported complication of the transvaginal repair of a pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with trocar-guided polypropylene mesh and a concomitant hysterectomy. A 61-year-old Caucasian female who had been using an intrauterine device (IUD) for 30 years presented with ...
Sachdev H P S - - 2013
Childhood anemia has major adverse consequences for health and development. It's prevalence in India continues to range from 70 to 90%. Although anemia is multifactorial in etiology, preventative efforts have predominantly focused on increasing iron intake, primarily through supplementation in pregnant and lactating women. Policy thrust for childhood anemia is ...
Giorgino Francesco - - 2013
The relationship between glucose control and cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes has been a matter of controversy over the years. Although epidemiological evidence exists in favor of an adverse role of poor glucose control on cardiovascular events, intervention trials have been less conclusive. The Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk ...
Kim Jaeyoung - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Limited evidence suggests the association between severity of acute occupational pesticide poisoning and depressive symptoms in farmers. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between occupational pesticide exposure and depressive symptoms among male farmers in South Korea. METHODS: A nationwide sampling survey of male farmers was ...
Suski Maciej - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are essential for maintaining vasculature homeostasis and function. By influence on its growth and activation both proinflammatory cytokines and peptides of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are potent regulators of VSMCs. Interestingly, angiotensin (Ang) II and Ang-(1-7) elicit opposite effects on VSMC activation, differentiation and ...
Westenberger Ana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recessive X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism almost exclusively affects men. We investigated the genetic mechanisms causing this disorder in a female patient. METHODS: We confirmed the presence of an X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism-specific change in our patient by sequencing. In addition, we employed quantitative real-time PCR and array comparative genomic hybridization to determine the ...
Hesselfeldt Rasmus - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helicopters are widely used for interhospital transfers of stroke patients, but the benefit is sparsely documented. We hypothesised that helicopter transport would reduce system delay to thrombolytic treatment at the regional stroke centre. METHODS: In this prospective controlled observational study, we included patients referred to a stroke centre if ...
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