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Jaakkola Kelly - - 2013
Scientists have long debated the extent to which animals can imitate. Observations of bottlenose dolphins suggest a sophisticated capacity for social imitation, but little is known about the nature of these abilities. Here, we explore the behavioral mechanisms underlying a dolphin's ability to copy motor actions while blindfolded (i.e., wearing ...
Nazıroğlu Mustafa - - 2013
It has been widely suggested that oxidative stress products play an important role in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. Capparis ovata (C. ovata) may useful treatment of epilepsy because it contains antioxidant flavonoids. The current study was designed to determine the effects of C. ovata on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant levels and ...
Cobanoğlu Bengü - - 2013
Allergic rhinitis is the most common atopic disorder seen in ENT clinics. It is diagnosed by history, physical exam and objective testing. Patient education, environmental control measures, pharmacotherapy, and allergen-specific immunotherapy are the cornerstones of allergic rhinitis treatment and can significantly reduce the burden of disease. Current treatment guidelines include ...
Clark Wesley D - - 2013
1,3-Bis(3'-butylimidazol-1'-yl)benzene diiodide (), 1,3-bis(3'-but-3''-enyl-imidazolium-3'-yl)benzene diiodide (), 1,3-bis(3'-pent-4''-enyl-imidazolium-3'-yl)benzene diiodide (), 1,3-bis(4'-butyl-1',2',4'-triazolium-1'-yl)benzene diiodide (), or 1,3-bis(4'-butyl-1',2',4'-triazolium-1'-yl)benzene dibromide () was reacted with Ag(2)O yielding unprecedented tetra-N-heterocyclic carbene-Ag(i)-X cubane-type clusters. These were characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, ESI-TOF MS, elemental analysis, and X-ray crystallography. Results from VT (13)C NMR spectroscopy and cross-over ...
Hierro Luis A - - 2013
In studies on the redistributive, vertical, and horizontal effects of health care financing, the sum of the contributions calculated for each financial instrument does not equal the total effects. As a consequence, the final calculations tend to be overestimated or underestimated. The solution proposed here involves the adaptation of the ...
Shojaei S H Reza - - 2013
The results of experimental studies of the valence electronic structure of tetrahydrofuran employing He I photoelectron spectroscopy as well as Electron Momentum Spectroscopy (EMS) have been reinterpreted on the basis of Molecular Dynamical simulations employing the classical MM3 force field and large scale quantum mechanical simulations employing Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics ...
Altomare Claudia - - 2013
Mutations underlying genetic cardiomyopathies might affect differentiation commitment of resident progenitor cells. Cardiac mesoangioblasts (cMabs) are multipotent progenitor cells resident in the myocardium. A switch from cardiac to skeletal muscle differentiation has been recently described in cMabs from β-sarcoglycan-null mice (βSG(-/-) ), a murine model of genetic myopathy with early ...
Qi Feng - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases pose increasing threats to public health with increasing population density and more and more sophisticated social networks. While efforts continue in studying the large scale dissemination of contagious diseases, individual-based activity and behaviour study benefits not only disease transmission modelling but also the control, containment, and ...
Kwon Kyoung-Joo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRC) of the stomach is a histological type based on microscopic characteristics. Although the distinctive clinicopathological features of SRC have been reported, results are inconsistent and survival outcomes are uncertain. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 769 patients with gastric carcinoma who underwent gastrectomy in our institute ...
Mengue Pamphile-Gervais Nkogho - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: The use of benzodiazepines is common among seniors. This consumption can cause an addiction whose criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition revised (DSM-IV-TR) do not always apply to the situation of the elderly. This research seeks to examine the link between the ...
Montserrat Ferran - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term results of lateral facetectomy plus Insall's realignment procedure to treat isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis. METHODS: All consecutive patients undergoing this procedure with a follow-up between 10 and 14 years were included in this study. Subjects were excluded if they had previous patellar dislocation, patellar fracture, tibiofemoral osteoarthritis ...
Ten Have M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Detailed population-based survey information on the relationship between the severity of common mental disorders (CMDs) and treatment for mental health problems is heavily based on North American research. The aim of this study was to replicate and expand existing knowledge by studying CMD severity and its association with treatment ...
Sisirak Vanja - - 2013
We previously reported that plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) infiltrating breast tumors are impaired for their IFN-α production, resulting in local Treg amplification. We designed the present study to decipher molecular mechanisms of such functional defect of tumor-associated pDC (TApDC) in breast cancer. We demonstrate that besides IFN-α, the production by ...
Huang Zhiliang - - 2013
AlCl(3) promoted Friedel-Crafts acylation between 4-tert-butylbenzoyl chloride and mesitylene was investigated. The donor-acceptor complex was observed as the major species. Kinetic investigation demonstrated that the reaction was first-order on the donor-acceptor complex and zero-order on ArH, suggesting that the donor-acceptor complex was not the true reactive species. However, the acylium ...
Nobre Lígia S - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus is a pathogen responsible for severe community- and nosocomially acquired infections. To fight pathogen intrusion, the innate immune system uses a plethora of weapons, with the generation of oxidative and nitrosative stresses among the most efficient. In this work, the S. aureus genome-wide transcriptional responses to oxidative stress ...
Teixeira Anabela C - - 2013
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by deposition of amyloid related to the presence of mutations in the transthyretin (TTR) gene. TTR is mainly synthesized in liver, choroid plexuses of brain and pancreas and secreted to plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Although it possesses a sequon ...
Biteli Luis Gustavo - - 2013
To investigate subconjunctival bevacizumab as an adjuvant in first-time glaucoma filtration surgery, we conducted a non-comparative, interventional case series, enrolling consecutive patients with uncontrolled primary glaucomas. All patients underwent trabeculectomy with mitomycin C and received a 1.25 mg subconjunctival bevacizumab injection at completion of the surgery. Main outcome measurements were success ...
Bobrovskaya Larisa - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that early life stress induced by maternal separation or non-handling can lead to behavioural deficits in rats and that these deficits can be alleviated by providing palatable cafeteria high-fat diet (HFD). In these studies we investigated the effects of maternal separation or non-handling and HFD on ...
Robier Christoph - - 2013
In synovial fluids (SF) with low leukocyte or/and crystal counts, important features may be missed, if exclusively smears are examined by polarized microscopy. That may be overcome by cytocentrifuges, which use low-speed centrifugal force to concentrate cells onto a glass slide and thus enhance the number of cells per high ...
Salmivaara Aura - - 2013
The increasing availability of spatial data inspires the exploration of previously less-studied, yet regionally and nationally important areas, such as the Irrawaddy and Salween River Basins in Southeast Asia. This article documents our experience using global datasets to create environmental basin profiles in these two basins. Our approach draws on ...
López Juan C - - 2013
Today, methane (CH(4)), nitrous oxide (N(2)O), and carbon dioxide (CO(2)) emissions represent approximately 98 % of the total greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory worldwide, and their share is expected to increase significantly in this twenty-first century. CO(2) represents the most important GHG with approximately 77 % of the total GHG emissions (considering its ...
Sperdin Holger F - - 2013
Tachistoscopes allow brief visual stimulation delivery, which is crucial for experiments in which subliminal presentation is required. Up to now, tachistoscopes have had shortcomings with respect to timing accuracy, reliability, and flexibility of use. Here, we present a new and inexpensive two-channel tachistoscope that allows for exposure durations in the ...
Jorgensen G H - - 2013
Selective IgA deficiency (SIgAD) is the most common primary immunodeficiency in Caucasians with a prevalence of 1/600 and is generally considered a mild disorder. In this study, the clinical status of 32 adults with SIgAD was investigated and compared to 63 age- and gender matched controls, randomly selected from a ...
Zhao Xue-Feng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Technical proficiency at laparoscopic D2 lymph node dissection (LND) is essential for extending the use of laparoscopic surgery beyond the treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical and oncological feasibility of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) with D2 LND for distal ...
Zampolini M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of the persons with Severe Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is an important concern to be approached with a comprehensive program aimed to improve the recovery of patients.The efficacy of an early and intensive rehabilitation program has been shown in large number of studies. Few studies focused on ...
Mas Núria - - 2013
Healthcare financing and insurance is changing everywhere. We want to understand the impact that financial pressures can have for the uninsured in advanced economies. To do so we focus on analyzing the effect of the introduction in the US of managed care and the big rise in financial pressures that ...
Smith David S - - 2013
The functionalist memory perspective predicts that information of adaptive value may trigger specific processing modes. It was recently demonstrated that women's memory is sensitive to cues of male sexual dimorphism (i.e., masculinity) that convey information of adaptive value for mate choice because they signal health and genetic quality, as well ...
Khadzhynov D - - 2013
Dabigatran, a specific, reversible direct thrombin inhibitor, is used to prevent ischaemic and haemorrhagic strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation. As with every anticoagulant, there is a need to rapidly reverse its effects in emergency situations. In an open-label, single-centre phase I study with two fixed multiple dosing periods, we ...
Parmar Ambica - - 2013
ABSTRACT Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients are at-risk for sudden clinical deterioration. We aimed to describe the incidence of MET activation, ICU admissions and outcomes for AML patients. We performed a 5-year retrospective cohort study of patients hospitalized with AML. One hundred seventy patients were divided into three groups: MET ...
Akbari S Hassan A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Variation exists in the surgical methods employed for decompression of Chiari II malformation (CIIM), yet an evaluation of these techniques has not been performed. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of bony decompression (cervical laminectomy alone versus suboccipital craniectomy with laminectomy) with or without dural ...
Fan Yan - - 2013
It is documented that stress activates the locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system. However, there are far few reports regarding effects of stress on the expression of dopamine β-hydroxylase, a hallmark enzyme of the noradrenergic neuron. In the present study, adult Fischer 344 rats were subjected to chronic social defeat for 4 weeks. ...
Delmon V - - 2013
Sliding motion is a challenge for deformable image registration because it leads to discontinuities in the sought deformation. In this paper, we present a method to handle sliding motion using multiple B-spline transforms. The proposed method decomposes the sought deformation into sliding regions to allow discontinuities at their interfaces, but ...
Castelot-Enkel Bénédicte - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: This study investigated the long-term survival and the prognostic factors of endodontic treatments performed in a dental teaching hospital. The aim was to calculate the probabilities of success or failure according to the follow-up extent and to assess the time allowed for a complete periapical healing. Materials and ...
Verbanck Marie - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gene clustering algorithms are massively used by biologists when analysing omics data. Classical gene clustering strategies are based on the use of expression data only, directly as in Heatmaps, or indirectly as in clustering based on coexpression networks for instance. However, the classical strategies may not be sufficient ...
Vigen Reidar Alexander - - 2013
Background/Aim: Autophagy has dual roles in tumorigenesis: tumor-promoting or tumor-suppressing. The aim of the present study was to examine autophagy-related markers by immunohistochemistry in gastric carcinoids and adenocarcinomas in rodent models and patients. Methods: Gastric carcinoids in Mastomys were induced by loxtidine treatment. Spontaneously developed gastric adenocarcinomas in Japanese cotton ...
Carlström Mattias - - 2013
AIM: Early life reduction in nephron number and chronic high salt intake cause development of renal and cardiovascular disease, which has been associated with oxidative stress and nitric oxide (NO) deficiency. We investigated the hypothesis that interventions stimulating NO signalling or reducing oxidative stress, may restore renal autoregulation, attenuate hypertension, ...
Kaoutzanis Christodoulos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs), operative times (OTs), and length of hospital stay (LOS) after open and laparoscopic ventral/incisional hernia repair (VIHR) using multicenter, prospectively collected data. METHODS: The incidence of postoperative SSIs, OTs, and LOS was determined ...
Benjaminov Fabiana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Common bile duct (CBD) stones are a potentially life-threatening medical condition. Patients with proven CBD stones should undergo stone extraction. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether performing endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for symptomatic CBD stones in a single session reduces complications related ...
Wentrup Cecilia - - 2013
The deep-sea mussel Bathymodiolus harbors chemosynthetic bacteria in its gills that provide it with nutrition. Symbiont colonization is assumed to occur in early life stages by uptake from the environment, but little is known about this process. In this study, we used fluorescence in situ hybridization to examine symbiont distribution ...
Li Zhili - - 2013
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes acute diarrhea and dehydration with high mortality rates in swine. It has become increasingly problematic in China. Since the nucleocapsid (N) protein is highly conserved, it is a candidate protein for early diagnosis and vaccine development. In this study, the N genes of 15 ...
Kocken Paul L - - 2013
The objective of this paper is to assess parental beliefs and intentions about genetic testing for their children in a multi-ethnic population with the aim of acquiring information to guide interventions for obesity prevention and management. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in parents of native Dutch children and children from ...
Bocci Guido - - 2013
In the mid 1990s, researchers began to investigate the antiangiogenic activity of paclitaxel as a possible additional mechanism contributing to its antineoplastic activity in vivo. In the last decade, a number of studies showed that paclitaxel has antiangiogenic activity that could be ascribed to the inhibition of either tubule formation ...
Becker Rolf - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify patients at very high risk for adverse pregnancy outcome (APO) at the 20- to 23-week scan and to assess the effectiveness of Aspirin (ASS) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) starting after this examination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: By applying an algorithm based on multivariate logistic regression analysis ...
Barbat-Artigas Sébastien - - 2013
In spite of some dissociation between muscle mass and strength, muscle strength is often used as a proxy to identify individuals with low muscle mass (sarcopenia). Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between muscle strength and the appendicular lean body mass index (app LBMI). ...
Cohen Alexander T - - 2013
The clinically appropriate duration of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized patients with acute medical illnesses is unknown. In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of oral rivaroxaban administered for an extended period, as compared with subcutaneous enoxaparin administered for a standard period, followed by placebo. We randomly ...
Johansson Jessica - - 2013
Monoaminergic dysregulation is implicated in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and methylphenidate and amphetamines are the most frequently prescribed pharmacological agents for treating ADHD. However, it has recently been proposed that the core symptoms of the disorder might be due to an imbalance between monoaminergic and cholinergic systems. In this study, we ...
Filippin Lidiane I - - 2013
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease of unknown etiology, affecting mainly the joint but also other tissues. RA patients usually present weakness and muscle atrophy, nonarticular manifestations of the disease. Although causing great impact, the understanding of muscle atrophy, its development, and the mechanisms involved is still very ...
Collina Simona - - 2013
Sigma receptors are involved in several central nervous system (CNS) disorders, including mood disorders (depression and anxiety), psychosis, schizophrenia, movement disorders (i.e., Parkinson's disease) and memory deficits (i.e., Alzheimer's disease). Recently, the involvement of sigma receptors in neuropathic pain and cancer has also been observed. This review aims at highlighting ...
Angeli Fabio - - 2013
Azilsartan medoxomil is a newly approved angiotensin-receptor blocker for the management of hypertension. It is a prodrug that is quickly hydrolyzed to the active moiety azilsartan, a potent and highly selective angiotensin-receptor blocker with estimated bioavailability of ∼ 60%. This new agent induces a potent and long-lasting antihypertensive effect. The ...
Charrier Jean-Damien - - 2013
ITK is a member of the Tec family of nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinases that plays a central role in T-cell signaling. Its inhibition is seen as an attractive approach to the treatment of immune-mediated disorders. Insight into the function of ITK has emerged from studies on ITK-deficient mice, which exhibit ...
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