Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2956
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Zhang Binglan - - 2013
PURPOSE: The overexpression of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) has been proved to inhibit tumor growth and metastasis through degradation of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which is often overexpressed in various cancers and accelerates tumor progression. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a synthase of PGE2, actively produces much PGE2 to counteract the 15-PGDH-induced antitumor efficacy. Here, ...
Mellon Matthew J - - 2013
PURPOSE: Open partial nephrectomy (OPN) and robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) are widely utilized techniques for small renal masses. The lack of tactile feedback and limitations of laparoscopy may result in differences in the surgical specimen that may impact oncologic outcome. We present postoperative pathological outcomes data in a cohort of ...
Ridderstråle Martin - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess the cost-effectiveness of insulin detemir compared with Neutral Protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin when initiating insulin treatment in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Methods: Efficacy and safety data were derived from a 20-week multi-centre randomized controlled head-to-head clinical trial ...
Nelson David J - - 2013
A dichotomy in the reactivity of B-H bonds is reported. A bis(N-heterocyclic carbene)-ligated iridium(iii) complex can effect rapid deuteration of boronate esters at room temperature with low catalyst loadings; however, borane and 9-BBN both undergo deuteration in the absence of catalyst, and do not react with the iridium complexes. This ...
Hagsand Angelica - - 2013
This study investigated how different doses of alcohol affected eyewitness recall. Participants (N = 126) were randomly assigned to three groups with different blood alcohol concentration (BAC), either a control group (mean BAC 0.00%, N = 42), a lower alcohol dose group (mean BAC 0.04%, N = 40), or a higher alcohol dose group (mean BAC ...
Palacios-Bejarano Bernardo - - 2013
In this paper we propose a new method for the generation of 2D-QSAR models for the prediction of activity values of chemicals. Maximum common substructures which are extracted from the data set are used for molecule classification in a tree, where the node of the tree represents molecules or common ...
Jalili Seifollah - - 2013
Proline-rich homeodomain (PRH) is a regulatory protein controlling transcription and gene expression processes by binding to the specific sequence of DNA, especially to the sequence 5'-TAATNN-3'. The impact of base pair mutations on the binding between the PRH protein and DNA is investigated using molecular dynamics and free energy simulations ...
Allan Eric - - 2013
In order to predict which ecosystem functions are most at risk from biodiversity loss, meta-analyses have generalised results from biodiversity experiments over different sites and ecosystem types. In contrast, comparing the strength of biodiversity effects across a large number of ecosystem processes measured in a single experiment permits more direct ...
Pane Heather T - - 2013
Multisystemic therapy (MST) is effective for decreasing or preventing delinquency and other externalizing behaviors and increasing prosocial or adaptive behaviors. The purpose of this project was to review the literature examining the efficacy of MST for other child psychological and health problems reflecting non-externalizing behaviors, specifically difficulties related to child ...
Medcraft Chris - - 2013
Mid-infrared spectra have been measured for cubic ice (I(c)) nanoparticles (3-150 nm diameter) formed by rapid collisional cooling over a wide range of temperatures (5-209 K). Spectral diagnostics, such as the ratio of surface related dangling OH to interior H-bonded OH stretch bands, reveal the manner in which particle size ...
Stigmar Kjerstin G - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major reason for impaired work productivity and sick leave. In 2009, a national rehabilitation program was introduced in Sweden to promote work ability, and patients with MSDs were offered multimodal rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of this ...
Brovarets Ol'ha O - - 2013
Trying to answer the question posed in the title, we have carried out a detailed theoretical investigation of the biologically important mechanism of the tautomerization of the A·T Watson-Crick DNA base pair, information that is hard to establish experimentally. By combining theoretical investigations at the MP2 and density functional theory ...
Berlec Aleš - - 2013
Almost all of the 200 or so approved biopharmaceuticals have been produced in one of three host systems: the bacterium Escherichia coli, yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Pichia pastoris) and mammalian cells. We describe the most widely used methods for the expression of recombinant proteins in the cytoplasm or periplasm of E. ...
Schellenberg E Glenn - - 2013
A melody's identity is determined by relations between consecutive tones in terms of pitch and duration, whereas surface features (i.e., pitch level or key, tempo, and timbre) are irrelevant. Although surface features of highly familiar recordings are encoded into memory, little is known about listeners' mental representations of melodies heard ...
Beaumont Kieren P - - 2013
Seed dispersal by ants (myrmecochory) can be influenced by changes to ant assemblages resulting from habitat disturbance as well as by differences in disperser behaviour. We investigated the effect of habitat disturbance by fire on the dispersal of seeds of a myrmecochorous shrub, Pultenaea daphnoides. We also investigated the consequence ...
Takada Akira - - 2013
An alternative and improved total synthesis of incednam, the aglycon of the 24-membered macrolactam glycoside antibiotic incednine, was accomplished. The synthesis was realized via construction of the 24-membered macrocycle using intramolecular ring-closing olefin metathesis reaction as a key step.The Journal of Antibiotics advance online publication, 6 February 2013; doi:10.1038/ja.2013.4.
Chen Shanshan - - 2013
Millimeter-size single-crystal monolayer graphene is synthesized on polycrystalline Cu foil by a method that involves suppressing loss by evaporation of the Cu at high temperature under low pressure. This significantly diminishes the number of graphene domains, and large single crystal domains up to ∼2 mm in size are grown.
Wang Na - - 2013
Abstract Regulating apoptosis of lymphocytes is an effective strategy for treatment of lymphocyte-mediated diseases. Recently it has been demonstrated that augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR), an enigmatic protein presented ubiquitously in multiple forms among eukaryotes, possesses potent anti-apoptotic activity and supports proliferation of a variety of cells. However, its action ...
Miao Xiao - - 2013
Zinc (Zn) is an essential mineral that is required for various cellular functions. Zn dyshomeostasis always is related to certain disorders such as metabolic syndrome, diabetes and diabetic complications. The associations of Zn with metabolic syndrome, diabetes and diabetic complications, thus, stem from the multiple roles of Zn: (1) a ...
Zhang Shuangwei - - 2013
The Forkhead box M1 (FoxM1) protein is a proliferation-associated transcription factor that plays a key role in controlling both the G(1)/S and G(2)/M transitions of the cell cycle and regulates transcription of cell cycle genes, including cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p27(kip1) and p21(waf1/cip1). The expression levels of FoxM1 directly correlated with ...
Cheaib Miriam - - 2013
We report the detailed evaluation of crucial parameters for chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) of macronuclear DNA in the unicellular eukaryote Paramecium tetraurelia. Optimized parameters include crosslinking conditions, chromatin sonication and antibody titration thus providing a detailed protocol for successful ChIP in P. tetraurelia. As this ciliate is bacterivorous and RNAi by ...
Quinete Natalia - - 2013
Endosulfan, the last remaining organochlorine pesticide, has been the subject of a number of international regulations and restriction/banning action plans worldwide. Occurrence of endosulfan residues in South Florida environments has been widely described in the literature for more than two decades. This work describes a selective, sensitive, and fast online ...
Kim Hyon-Suk - - 2013
Adiponectin is found to associate with diabetes in studies apart from cohort studies. This prospective cohort study is to evaluate the predictive role of adiponectin in diabetes among participants with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). A total of 42,845 participants who visited 7 health examination centers located in Seoul and Kyunggi ...
Higuchi Takayuki - - 2013
We report a case of body stalk anomaly detected prenatally by fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 14 weeks' gestation. A 29-year-old woman was followed during her first pregnancy. At 11-12 weeks' gestation, our sonographic images showed multiple fetal deformities. An abdominal wall defect was suspected. The exteriorized abdominal contents and the ...
Jones A - - 2013
Recent studies have shown up to 6 % of rivers in England and Wales to be impacted by discharges from abandoned metal mines. Despite the large extent of impacts, there are still many areas where mine water impact assessments are limited by data availability. This study provides an overview of water ...
Meier M P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a widely available method and is therefore progressively utilized in neurosurgical practice. This study was carried out to determine fMRI sensitivity and specificity and to emphasize the threshold dependence of fMRI data. METHODS: A total of 17 consecutive patients, scheduled for surgery on ...
Toye Christine - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Delirium is common in older patients. Little is known of support needs of families of older hospital patients with delirium. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To inform nursing practice, we sought to describe families' experiences, understanding of delirium and delirium care, and support needs. DESIGN: Descriptive mixed methods. METHODS: Review of ...
Lavelle Ellen - - 2013
Background: Mixed methods research, which is gaining popularity in medical education, provides a new and comprehensive approach for addressing teaching, learning, and evaluation issues in the field. Aim: The aim of this article is to provide medical education researchers with 12 tips, based on consideration of current literature in the ...
Sommerer Claudia - - 2013
Transient elastography (TE, Fibroscan) has been established as a noninvasive assessment tool of liver fibrosis. We evaluated potentials and limitations of TE for identifying renal allograft fibrosis. The technical possibility of kidney examination by TE was assessed in two 10-week-old German landrace pigs and kidney stiffness (KS) was evaluated in ...
Li Sha - - 2013
Successful reproduction of flowering plants requires constant communication between female tissues and growing pollen tubes. Female cells secrete molecules and peptides as nutrients or guidance cues for fast and directional tube growth, which is executed by dynamic changes of intracellular activities within pollen tubes. Compared to the extensive interest in ...
Tanaka Tsutomu - - 2013
Here, we demonstrate display of beta-glucosidase (BGL) on the surface of Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells using novel anchor proteins. A total of four candidate anchor proteins (SPBC21D10.06c, SPBC947.04, SPBC19C7.05, and SPBC359.04c) were selected from among almost all of S. pombe membrane proteins. The C-terminus of each anchor protein was genetically fused ...
Beleyur Thejasvi - - 2013
The position of leaves and flowers along the stem axis generates a specific pattern, known as phyllotaxis. A growing body of evidence emerging from recent computational modeling and experimental studies suggests that regulators controlling phyllotaxis are chemical, e.g. the plant growth hormone auxin and its dynamic accumulation pattern by polar ...
Ladinig Ursula - - 2013
In temperate-zone mountains, summer frosts usually occur during unpredictable cold spells with snow-falls. Earlier studies have shown that vegetative aboveground organs of most high-mountain plants tolerate extracellular ice in the active state. However, little is known about the impact of frost on reproductive development and reproductive success. In common plant ...
Chou Chun-Ting - - 2013
A mixed-deposition atomic layer deposition process produces Hf:ZnO films with uniform dopant distribution and high electrical conductivity (resistivity = 4.5 × 10(-4) W cm), optical transparency (>85% from 400-1800 nm), and moisture-barrier property (water vapor transmission rate = 6.3 × 10(-6) g m(-2) day(-1) ).
Huhtinen Reeta - - 2013
Bio-active glass has been developed for use as a bone substitute with strong osteo-inductive capacity and the ability to form strong bonds with soft and hard tissue. The ability of this material to enhance tissue in-growth suggests its potential use as a substitute for the dental laminate of an osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis. ...
Bhatara Anjali - - 2013
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) frequently demonstrate preserved or enhanced frequency perception but impaired timing perception. The present study investigated the processing of spectral and temporal information in 12 adolescents with ASD and 15 age-matched controls. Participants completed two psychoacoustic tasks: one determined frequency difference limens, and the other ...
Natelson Douglas - - 2013
Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is an experimental tool for accessing vibrational and chemical information, down to the single molecule level. SERS typically relies on plasmon excitations in metal nanostructures to concentrate the incident radiation and to provide an enhanced photon density of states to couple emitted radiation to the far ...
Diamanti C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A variety of studies have demonstrated improvement in quality of life and depressive symptoms in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients after continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. However, very little is known about the effect of OSA treatment on physical activity and energy consumption. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this ...
Horng Chi-Ting - - 2013
Abstract Clotrimazole is an antimycotic imidazole derivative that interferes with cellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. This study examined the effect of clotrimazole on cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) and viability in HA59T human hepatoma cells. The Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2 was applied to measure [Ca(2+)](i). Clotrimazole induced [Ca(2+)](i) rises in a concentration-dependent manner. ...
Stoler Aaron B - - 2013
While the common conceptual role of resource subsidies is one of bottom-up nutrient and energy supply, inputs can also alter the structural complexity of environments. This can further impact resource flow by providing refuge for prey and decreasing predation rates. However, the direct influence of different organic subsidies on predator-prey ...
Cao Bin - - 2013
New switchable hydrogels are developed. Under acidic conditions, hydrogels undergo self- cyclization and can catch and kill bacteria. Under neutral/basic conditions, hydrogels undergo ring-opening and can release killed bacterial cells and resist protein adsorption and bacterial attachment. Smart hydrogels also show a dramatically improved mechanical property which is highly desired ...
Tetreault Lindsay A - - 2013
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature to determine important clinical predictors of surgical outcome in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, EMBASE and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Selected articles were evaluated using a 14-point modified ...
Sun Lingli - - 2013
Decorin inhibits the transforming growth factor superfamily to stimulate skeletal muscle hypertrophy. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays a crucial role in the synthesis and folding of proteins. The disruption of ER homeostasis affects protein folding and causes ER stress, which is associated with protein synthesis in muscle cells. The purpose ...
Harabuchi Yasuaki - - 2013
We studied 91 patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; Wegener's granulomatosis) who were dealt with by otolaryngologists in Japan. The upper respiratory tract (URT) alone was involved in 56%. Regarding findings of PR3-ANCA, histology and initial diagnosis, of the 40 patients in whom sites other than the URT were involved, ...
Sansoè Giovanni - - 2013
In rats with experimental liver cirrhosis, the kidney contains reduced amount of membrane-bound calcium-sensing receptors (CaRs), and specific stimulation of CaRs causes generation of PGE2, renal vasodilatation, and increased natriuresis. CaRs content and function in the liver of cirrhotic rats are unknown. To assess the activity of this Ca++-dependent vasomotor ...
Technow Frank - - 2013
Bayesian methods are a popular choice for genomic prediction of genotypic values. The methodology is well established for traits with approximately Gaussian phenotypic distribution. However, numerous important traits are of dichotomous nature and the phenotypic counts observed follow a Binomial distribution. The standard Gaussian generalized linear models (GLM) are not ...
Fox Kate - - 2013
Diamond is an attractive material for biomedical implants. In this work, we investigate its capacity as a bone scaffold. It is well established that the bioactivity of a material can be evaluated by examining its capacity to form apatite-like calcium phosphate phases on its surface when exposed to simulated body ...
Pan Yan - - 2013
In this study, a simple and reliable reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method was established and validated to analyze S-mephenytoin 4-hydroxylase activity of a recombinant CYP2C19 system. This system was obtained by co-expressing CYP2C19 and NADPH-CYP oxidoreductase (OxR) proteins in Escherichia coli (E. coli) cells. In addition to RP-HPLC, the ...
Novak Halina R - - 2013
The putative L-haloacid dehalogenase gene (DehRhb) from a marine Rhodobacteraceae family has been cloned and over-expressed in Escherichia coli. The DehRhb protein was shown to be an L-haloacid dehalogenase with highest activity towards brominated substrates with short carbon chains (≤C3). The optimal temperature for enzyme activity is 55ºC and the ...
Nitiyanontakit Sira - - 2013
The proof-of-concept of a new methodology for in-line hollow-fiber (HF)-assisted three-phase liquid-phase microextraction (LPME) allowing for handling of the feed and acceptor aqueous solutions and of minute volumes of the organic extracting phase in a programmable flow mode is reported in this paper. The flow analyzer fosters in-line anchoring of ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >