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Liu Wei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Damage to the vascular endothelium may be one of the pathophysiological causes of in-stent thrombosis and restenosis. Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) capture stents (ECS) have the ability to accelerate the damage repair process. However, the clinical outcomes of ECS remain unknown thus far. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of ...
Torii Hajime - - 2013
It is becoming recognized that the behavior of electrons in hydrogen-bonded systems is far more complicated than previously thought. One key problem would be its relation to the local/extended nature of molecular dipole, i.e., whether it is a true "molecular" property. The present study shows, based on analyses of electron ...
Munn A J - - 2013
We used doubly labelled water to measure field metabolic rates (FMR) and water turnover rates (WTR) in one of Australia's largest native herbivores, the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus) and one of Australia's dominant livestock species, the wool-breed Merino sheep, under free-living conditions in a typical Australian rangeland. Also, we used ...
Toyoda Keisuke - - 2013
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells invade along the existing normal capillaries in brain. Normal capillary endothelial cells function as the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that limits permeability of chemicals into the brain. To investigate whether GBM cells modulate the BBB function of normal endothelial cells, we developed a new in vitro BBB ...
Hassan Tahsin - - 2013
The time delay between two surface electromyograms (EMGs) acquired along the conduction path is used to estimate mean action potential conduction velocity. Modeling the linear impulse response between "upstream" and "downstream" EMG signals permits an estimate of the distribution of velocities, providing more information. In this work, we analyzed EMG ...
Bučková Maria - - 2013
The use of indigenous bacterial strains is a valuable bioremediation strategy for cleaning the environment from hydrocarbon pollutants. The isolation and selection of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria is therefore crucial for obtaining the most promising strains for site decontamination. Two different media, a minimal medium supplemented with a mixture of polycyclic aromatic ...
Payne Rupert A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Falls are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. This study examined the frequency of hospital admission for falls or fractures, and the association with a recent change in the use of cardiovascular and psychotropic medications. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-cohort study of ...
Fan Qing - - 2013
PURPOSE: It is unclear whether volatile general anesthetics have sustained adverse effects on the immature brains of children. We performed a self-controlled study to evaluate the effects of strabismus surgery under sevoflurane-based general anesthesia on the cognitive function of pediatric patients. METHODS: The study included 100 children of ages 4 ...
Sugawara Hitoshi - - 2013
Modulation of muscle activation in superficial and deeper regions may be induced by tactile stimulation. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in muscle activation with skin friction. Subjects performed an isometric elbow flexion at 30% maximal voluntary cotraction (MVC) with skin friction at different frequencies (0.5-2.7 Hz). Surface ...
Bitar Malak - - 2013
It is well established that surface topography greatly affect cell-surface interactions. In a recent study we showed that microstructured stainless steel surfaces characterized by the presence of defined hexagonally arranged hemisphere-like structures significantly affected cell architecture (shape and focal adhesion size) of primary human bone mesenchymal stromal cells. This study ...
Groetch Marion - - 2013
Although the need for nutritional and dietary intervention is a common thread in food allergy management, the type of food allergic disorder and the identified food allergen will influence the approach to dietary intervention. A comprehensive nutrition assessment with appropriate intervention is warranted in all children with food allergies to ...
Bruno Stefania - - 2013
Results from recent studies suggest that the beneficial effect of stem cell-based therapy is mainly dependent on a paracrine effect. The paracrine hypothesis implicates the ability of stem cells to limit injury or coordinate repair through the release of soluble factors. Among these factors microvesicles (MVs) have emerged as a ...
Stroppa A - - 2013
On the basis of first-principles calculations, we design a novel Cr-based metal-organic framework to be both multiferroic and magnetoelectric. The compound shows a "double-hybrid" nature: it is a hybrid organic-inorganic compound and it shows hybrid improper ferroelectricity. Here, the coupling of non-polar distortions, such as Jahn-Teller pseudo-rotations and tilting, pave ...
Moroni Beatrice - - 2013
Aerosol dust samples and quartz raw materials from different working stations in foundry plants were characterized in order to assess the health risk in this working environment. Samples were analysed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy coupled with image analysis and microanalysis, and by cathodoluminescence spectroscopy. In addition, the concentration ...
Boyle B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the public health consequences of the rise in multiple births with respect to congenital anomalies. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological analysis of data from population-based congenital anomaly registries. SETTING: Fourteen European countries. POPULATION: A total of 5.4 million births 1984-2007, of which 3% were multiple births. METHODS: Cases of ...
Stewart A - - 2013
Various studies have implicated a potential association between candidate gene polymorphisms and postoperative cognitive dysfunction, yet corroborative studies are lacking. We investigated the variants in genes encoding platelet glycoprotein-IIIa and apolipoprotein-E and their relationship with postoperative cognitive dysfunction one year after cardiac surgery. A total of 155 patients were studied; ...
Sandhu Shahneen K - - 2013
PURPOSE: The CC-chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) is highly expressed in various malignancies and promotes carcinogenesis. Blocking CCL2 has preclinical antitumor activity. A phase 1 trial of carlumab (CNTO 888), a human anti-CCL2 IgG1κ mAb, was conducted to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic profile, and antitumor activity. METHODS: Patients with advanced ...
Shah Ravi P - - 2013
The present study dealt with the forced degradation behaviour of rosuvastatin under ICH prescribed stress conditions. The drug was found to be labile under acid hydrolytic and photolytic conditions, while it was stable to base/neutral hydrolytic, oxidative and thermal stress. In total, 11 degradation products were formed, which were separated ...
Mazza Monica - - 2013
Patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exhibit exaggerated brain responses to emotionally negative stimuli. Identifying the neural correlates of emotion regulation in these subjects is important for elucidating the neural circuitry involved in emotional dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional connectivity between the areas activated ...
Ruiz-Rodríguez M - - 2013
Animals often announce their unprofitability to predators through conspicuous coloured signals. Here we tested whether the apparently conspicuous colour designs of the four European Coraciiformes and Upupiformes species may have evolved as aposematic signals, or whether instead they imply a cost in terms of predation risk. Because previous studies suggested ...
Kristjánsson Arni - - 2013
Over the past decade, exciting findings have surfaced suggesting that routine action videogame play improves attentional and perceptual skills. Apparently, performance during multiple-object tracking, useful-field-of-view tests, and task switching improves, contrast sensitivity and spatial-resolution thresholds decrease, and the attentional blink and backward masking are lessened by short-term training on action ...
Jamal Mustapha - - 2013
We describe the self-folding of photopatterned poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based hydrogel bilayers into curved and anatomically relevant micrometer-scale geometries. The PEG bilayers consist of two different molecular weights (MWs) and are photocrosslinked en masse using conventional photolithography. Self-folding is driven by differential swelling of the two PEG bilayers in aqueous ...
Nakatani Yoshihiko - - 2013
Macrophages are white blood cells within tissues that are produced by monocytes and help to protect against infection by bacteria through phagocytosis. Several studies have shown a correlation between the state of depression and abnormalities in the immune response. Corticosterone (CORT), which is often referred to as the stress hormone, ...
Gan Junjie - - 2013
Bioactive coatings containing Ca and P with self-sealing structures were fabricated on the surface of pure magnesium using micro-arc oxidation technique (MAO) in a specific calcium hydroxide based electrolyte system. Coatings were prepared at three applied voltages, i.e. 360, 410 and 450 V, and the morphology, chemical composition, corrosion resistance and ...
Tarren-Sweeney Michael - - 2013
The paper reports an investigation into the nature, patterns and complexity of mental health symptomatology reported for a large (N = 347) population sample of children in foster and kinship care. Cluster analyses were performed on caregiver-reported Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Assessment Checklist for Children (ACC) scores. The derived profile types ...
Park Bumsoo - - 2013
Most of the cancer xenograft models are derived from tumor cell lines, but they do not sufficiently represent clinical cancer characteristics. Our objective was to develop xenograft models of bladder cancer derived from human tumor tissue and characterize them molecularly as well as histologically. A total of 65 bladder cancer ...
Fu Yu - - 2013
Morphine can modulate the processes underlying memory in vertebrates. However, studies have shown various modulations by morphine: positive, negative and even neutral. The honeybee is a potential platform for evaluating the effects of drugs, especially addictive drugs, on the nervous system. However, the involvement of morphine in learning and memory ...
Maria Pradella Laura - - 2013
Birt-Hogg-Dubè (BHD) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterised by skin fibrofolliculomas, lung cysts, spontaneous pneumothorax and renal cancer. The association of benign cutaneous lesions and increased cancer risk is also a feature of Cowden Syndrome (CS), an autosomal dominant disease caused by PTEN mutations. BHD and CS patients may develop ...
Jabson Jennifer M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Medically underserved subgroups of survivors bear a disproportionate burden of cancer-related health problems. Treatment summaries and follow-up care instructions are one possible strategy to address disparities in cancer-related health among cancer survivors. However, it is not known which cancer survivors receive these documents. This paper sought to identify and ...
Langelier Eve - - 2013
Abstract This article introduces a sit-ski developed for the Canadian Alpine Ski Team in view of the Vancouver 2010 Paralympic games. The design is predominantly based on controlling the mass distribution of the sit-ski, a critical factor in skiing performance and control. Both the antero-posterior location of the centre of ...
McGreevy Jenny - - 2013
Taste and smell changes are common and distressing symptoms in patients with cancer, which may contribute to decreased nutritional intake leading to malnutrition and reduced quality of life. Evidence-based knowledge available to healthcare staff regarding dietary counselling of patients with taste and smell changes is lacking. To be able to ...
Bor-Seng-Shu Edson - - 2013
There has been renewed interest in decompressive craniectomy as a surgical treatment for elevated intracranial pressure (ICP), although evidence-based clinical data are still lacking and some experimental results are conflicting. Ongoing clinical trials on the use of this operation after traumatic brain injury (TBI) may clarify the clinical application of ...
Romano Emilia - - 2013
Important reduction of reelin, a neural development- and plasticity-associated protein, and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD67) are reported in brains of schizophrenic patients. These individuals are consistently engaged in tobacco smoking and nicotine is thought to alleviate negative behavioral symptoms or cognitive alterations. In mouse brain, nicotine has been shown to ...
Guay Joanne - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the ability of different types of brain monitoring systems vs clinical monitoring of the brain function to detect cerebral ischemia during cross-clamping of the carotid artery under regional anesthesia. METHODS: In May 2012, a search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Central ...
Genre Andrea - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to identify the molecular signals present in arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) germinated spore exudates (GSEs) responsible for activating nuclear Ca(2+) spiking in the Medicago truncatula root epidermis. Medicago truncatula root organ cultures (ROCs) expressing a nuclear-localized cameleon reporter were used as a bioassay to detect ...
Liu Shujie - - 2013
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in neonatal and post-weaning piglets. Fimbrial adhesion of ETEC has been considered an important colonization factor with antigenicity. To safely and effectively deliver the F4 (K88) fimbrial adhesin FaeG to the immune system, we have previously constructed ...
Musshoff F - - 2013
A preliminary initial cloned enzyme donor immunoassay (CEDIA) was optimized for serum and urine drug testing with respect to the German per se limits for driving under the influence of drugs (serum) and lowered cut-offs in cases of driving licence re-granting (urine). The tests were performed on an Olympus AU ...
Chen Ching-Lun - - 2013
Poly(acrylonitrile-co-vinyl acetate) (PAN-VA) is utilized as a gelation agent to prepare gel-state electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) applications. Based on the synergistic effect of PAN-VA and TiO(2) fillers in the electrolyte, the gel-state DSSC can achieve a conversion efficiency higher than that of a liquid counterpart. The high performance ...
Quinn Kristen H - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been identified as immunomodulatory cells, which induce tolerance. Evidence from numerous recent studies implicates these cells as critical for maternal tolerance to the fetal-derived placenta, proper functioning of which is required for normal gestation and growth and development of the fetus in utero. This review ...
Wei Yinghui - - 2013
There has been a recent growth in developments of multivariate meta-analysis. We extend the methodology of Bayesian multivariate meta-analysis to the situation when there are more than two outcomes of interest, which is underexplored in the current literature. Our objective is to meta-analyse summary data from multiple outcomes simultaneously, accounting ...
In-Albon Tina - - 2013
The psychometric properties and clinical utility of the Separation Anxiety Avoidance Inventory, child and parent version (SAAI-C/P) were examined in two studies. The aim of the SAAI, a self- and parent-report measure, is to evaluate the avoidance relating to separation anxiety disorder (SAD) situations. In the first study, a school ...
Suleimanov Yury V - - 2013
The inclusion of Quantum Mechanical (QM) effects such as zero point energy (ZPE) and tunneling in simulations of chemical reactions, especially in the case of light atom transfer, is an important problem in computational chemistry. In this respect, the hydrogen exchange reaction and its isotopic variants constitute an excellent benchmark ...
Worthington Margaret - - 2013
Interest in breeding grain crops with improved weed suppressive ability is growing in response to the evolution and rapid expansion of herbicide resistant populations in major weeds of economic importance, environmental concerns, and the unmet needs of organic producers and smallholder farmers without access to herbicides. This review is focused ...
Huang Gan - - 2013
In this paper, we proposed to utilize a novel spatio-spectral filter, common spatio-spectral pattern (CSSP), to improve the classification accuracy in identifying intended motions based on low-density surface electromyography (EMG). Five able-bodied subjects and a transradial amputee participated in an experiment of eight-task wrist and hand motion recognition. Low-density (six ...
Cai S H - - 2013
The outer membrane proteins of the marine aquatic animal pathogen, Vibrio alginolyticus, play an important role in the virulence of the bacterium and are potential candidates for vaccine development. In this study, the gene encoding an outer membrane protein-OmpU was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Polyclonal antibodies were raised ...
Fabres-Klein M H - - 2013
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of bovine mastitis, a condition in which the udder of the cow is inflamed, reducing the quality and quantity of milk produced. Staphylococcal mastitis is a common infection that can develop into a chronic form. The segregation of infected animals is an important preventive ...
Assefa Nega - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine pregnancy, pregnancy loss and fertility rates in a rural community of Ethiopia. DESIGN: A prospective population-based pregnancy surveillance. SETTING: Kersa Demographic Surveillance and Health Research Center, a Demographic Surveillance Site in Eastern Ethiopia. POPULATION: For pregnancy rates, the study included 7738 women of reproductive age permanently residing ...
Javor Andrija - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: 'Neuromarketing' is a term that has often been used in the media in recent years. These public discussions have generally centered around potential ethical aspects and the public fear of negative consequences for society in general, and consumers in particular. However, positive contributions to the scientific discourse from ...
Mäkinen Outi E - - 2013
Germination can be used to improve the sensory and nutritional properties of cereal and pseudocereal grains. Oat and quinoa are rich in minerals, vitamins and fibre while quinoa also contains high amounts of protein of a high nutritional value. In this study, oat and quinoa malts were produced and incorporated ...
Kharkwal Gaurav - - 2013
This paper investigates how detailed a linguistic representation is formed for descriptions of visual events. In two experiments, participants watched captioned videos and decided whether the captions accurately described the videos. In both experiments, videos depicted geometric shapes moving around the screen. In the first experiment, all of the captions ...
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