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Results 201 - 250 of 2964
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Ganguly Akash - - 2013
Benign and malignant tumours and tumour-like conditions frequently present as lumps in the foot and ankle. Although definitive histological diagnosis cannot be ascertained short of a biopsy, most entities can be confidently characterised on ultrasound and/or MRI. Masses in the foot and ankle present with lump, pain, paraesthesia, restricted mobility ...
Yang Chin-Fen CF MedImmune Vaccines, LLC, Mountain View, CA, - - 2013
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is an important cause of acute respiratory illnesses in children. HMPV encodes two major surface glycoproteins, fusion (F) and glycoprotein (G). The function of G has not been fully established, though it is dispensable for in vitro and in vivo replication. We analyzed 87 full-length HMPV G ...
Shuai Cijun - - 2013
A tetragonal polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) scaffold with 3D orthogonal periodic porous architecture was fabricated via selective laser sintering (SLS) technology. The scaffold was fabricated under the laser power of 8 W, scan speed of 600 mm min(-1), laser spot diameter of 0.8 mm and layer thickness of 0.15 mm. The microstructure analysis showed that ...
Okamatsu Masatoshi - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The pandemic 2009 (H1N1) influenza virus has spread throughout the world and is now causing seasonal influenza. To prepare for the emergence of pandemic influenza, we have established a library of virus strains isolated from birds, pigs, and humans in global surveillance studies. METHODS: Inactivated whole virus particle ...
Abbruzzese L - - 2013
Peripheral blood stem cell cryopreservation is associated with cell damage and decreased viability. We evaluated the impact of up to 10 years of cryopreservation (5% DMSO) on viability of CD34(+) cells utilizing graft samples of consecutive patients (2002-2012) with different malignancies who underwent stem cell collection and transplantation. Viability of CD34(+) ...
Heinrichs Guido - - 2013
Formation of tenacious and massive black biofilms was occasionally observed at the water-air interphase of water taps and in associated habitats at several locations in Germany. Exophiala lecanii-corni was proven to be the dominant component of these biofilms. Water utility companies were interested to understand by which route fungi building ...
Arlet V V Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, 235 S 8th Street, Philadelphia, 19106 PA, USA. - - 2013
Junctional spinal disorders have become one of the greatest challenges in spinal deformity surgery. They can occur at any age but are mostly seen in adult deformity surgery and are most often observed as the patient gets older. Different forms can be individualized according to their types and location: one ...
Cadoret K - - 2013
Formaldehyde-based fixatives are generally employed in histopathology despite some significant disadvantages associated with their usage. Formaldehyde fixes tissue by covalently cross-linking proteins, a process known to mask epitopes which in turn can reduce the intensity of immunohistochemical stains widely used in disease diagnostics. Additionally, formaldehyde fixation greatly limits the ability ...
Hegyi Alex Nathan - - 2013
We propose a novel biomedical imaging technique, called nanodiamond imaging, that non-invasively records the three-dimensional distribution of biologically-tagged nanodiamonds in-vivo. Our technique performs optically-detected electron spin resonance of nitrogen-vacancy centers in nanodiamonds, a non-toxic nanomaterial that is easily biologically functionalized. We demonstrate the feasibility of the technique by imaging multiple ...
Schmid Baptiste - - 2013
Reproducing parents face the difficult challenge of trading-off investment in current reproduction against presumed future survival and reproduction. Glucocorticoids are supposed to mediate this trade-off because the adrenocortical response to stress disrupts normal reproductive behaviour in favour of self-maintenance and own survival. According to the brood-value hypothesis, individuals with a ...
Tisoncik-Go Jennifer - - 2013
Influenza A virus poses a great threat to global health, and oseltamivir (trade marked as Tamiflu), which targets influenza surface glycoprotein neuraminidase (NA), is used clinically as a major anti-influenza treatment. However, certain substitutions in NA can render an influenza virus resistant to this drug. In this study, using a ...
Mermigkis Charalampos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The recent literature shows an increased incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). On the other hand, there are no published studies related to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment in this patient group. Our aim was to assess the effect of CPAP ...
Bajaj Rohit - - 2013
In the present study, BiVO(4)/CuCr(2)O(4) nanocomposites synthesized via a chemical route are applied as a photocatalyst for the degradation of methylene blue (MB) dye. The photocatalytic activity results indicated a substantial degradation of MB dye by ∼90% over the surface of nanocomposite catalyst under visible light illumination. The nanocomposite showed ...
Sideras Paschalis - - 2013
During the 26 years that have elapsed since its discovery, activin-A, a member of the transforming growth factor β super-family originally discovered from its capacity to stimulate follicle-stimulating hormone production by cultured pituitary gonadotropes, has been established as a key regulator of various fundamental biological processes, such as development, homeostasis, inflammation, ...
Shishido Seiichiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in pediatric kidney allografts is associated with poor graft survival. Several therapeutic regimens have been proposed, with conflicting results. METHODS: Ten pediatric patients with recurrent FSGS after kidney transplantation were treated with a protocol of methylprednisolone (MP) infusions in combination with cyclosporine (CsA)-based ...
Liese Juliane - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Total splenectomy leads to an immunocompromised state, with an increased lifetime risk of infection. The lifetime risk of developing overwhelming postsplenectomy infection is 5 %, with a mortality rate of approximately 50 %. In addition to vaccination and antibiotic prophylaxis, partial splenectomy is believed to improve patient safety. METHODS: We performed ...
Palm Frederick - - 2013
Data on seasonal differences in stroke incidence are conflicting. Little is known about seasonal variability in etiological stroke subtypes and population-based data on possible trigger factors are lacking. The Ludwigshafen Stroke Study is a prospective population-based stroke registry. All residents of the city of Ludwigshafen who suffer from acute stroke ...
Atias Nir - - 2013
Large scale screening experiments have become the workhorse of molecular biology, producing data at an ever increasing scale. The interpretation of such data, particularly in the context of a protein interaction network, has the potential to shed light on the molecular pathways underlying the phenotype or the process in question. ...
Yu Changlin - - 2013
Noble metal/semiconductor nanocomposites play an important role in high efficient photocatalysis. Herein, we demonstrate a facile strategy for fabrication of hollow Pt-ZnO nanocomposite microspheres with hierarchical structure under mild solvothermal conditions using Zn (CH(3)COO)(2)·2H(2)O and HPtCl(4) as the precursors, and polyethylene glycol-6000 (PEG-6000) and ethylene glycol as the reducing agent ...
Skupski Daniel W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a simple clinical algorithm for prediction of donor and recipient death using 'yes'or 'no' questions through the process of recursive partitioning for patients undergoing laser therapy for twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The intent was to identify a subset of ...
Fang Changxun - - 2013
Gene expression of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) in allelopathic rice PI312777 was inhibited by RNA interference (RNAi). Transgenic rice showed lower levels of PAL gene expression and PAL activity than wild type rice (WT). The concentrations of phenolic compounds were lower in the root tissues and root exudates of transgenic rice ...
Nakatani Yoshihiko - - 2013
Macrophages are white blood cells within tissues that are produced by monocytes and help to protect against infection by bacteria through phagocytosis. Several studies have shown a correlation between the state of depression and abnormalities in the immune response. Corticosterone (CORT), which is often referred to as the stress hormone, ...
Gan Junjie - - 2013
Bioactive coatings containing Ca and P with self-sealing structures were fabricated on the surface of pure magnesium using micro-arc oxidation technique (MAO) in a specific calcium hydroxide based electrolyte system. Coatings were prepared at three applied voltages, i.e. 360, 410 and 450 V, and the morphology, chemical composition, corrosion resistance and ...
Tarren-Sweeney Michael - - 2013
The paper reports an investigation into the nature, patterns and complexity of mental health symptomatology reported for a large (N = 347) population sample of children in foster and kinship care. Cluster analyses were performed on caregiver-reported Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Assessment Checklist for Children (ACC) scores. The derived profile types ...
Park Bumsoo - - 2013
Most of the cancer xenograft models are derived from tumor cell lines, but they do not sufficiently represent clinical cancer characteristics. Our objective was to develop xenograft models of bladder cancer derived from human tumor tissue and characterize them molecularly as well as histologically. A total of 65 bladder cancer ...
Fu Yu - - 2013
Morphine can modulate the processes underlying memory in vertebrates. However, studies have shown various modulations by morphine: positive, negative and even neutral. The honeybee is a potential platform for evaluating the effects of drugs, especially addictive drugs, on the nervous system. However, the involvement of morphine in learning and memory ...
Pradella Laura Maria LM Dip. Sc. Mediche e Chirurgiche-DIMEC, U.O. Genetica Medica, Policlinico Universitario S.Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, - - 2013
Birt-Hogg-Dubè (BHD) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterised by skin fibrofolliculomas, lung cysts, spontaneous pneumothorax and renal cancer. The association of benign cutaneous lesions and increased cancer risk is also a feature of Cowden Syndrome (CS), an autosomal dominant disease caused by PTEN mutations. BHD and CS patients may develop ...
Jabson Jennifer M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Medically underserved subgroups of survivors bear a disproportionate burden of cancer-related health problems. Treatment summaries and follow-up care instructions are one possible strategy to address disparities in cancer-related health among cancer survivors. However, it is not known which cancer survivors receive these documents. This paper sought to identify and ...
Seo Sungbaek - - 2013
Target size effect on the sensory signaling intensity of polydiacetylene (PDA) liposome microarrays was systematically investigated. Influenza A virus M1 peptide and M1 antibody were selected as a probe-target pair. While red fluorescence from the PDA liposome microarrays was observed when the larger M1 antibody was used as a target, ...
Bartonička Tomáš - - 2013
Roost ectoparasites are believed to have a negative impact on fitness of their hosts as birds or mammals. Previous studies were mostly focussed on the synchronization between reproduction cycles of ectoparasites and hosts living in infested roosts. However, to date, it has not been examined how fast ectoparasites colonize new, ...
Santini Tiziana - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In Bacillus mycoides, as well as in other members of the B. cereus group, the tubulin-like protein of the division septum FtsZ is encoded by the distal gene of the cluster division and cell wall (dcw). Along the cluster the genes coding for structural proteins of the division ...
Wang Wenbo - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Glycans on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope glycoprotein (Env) play an important role in viral infection and evasion of neutralization by antibodies. In this study, all 25 potential N-linked glycosylation sites (PNGS) on the HIV-1 CRF07_BC Env, FE, were mutated individually to study the effect of their ...
Sivakumar Dakshinamurthy - - 2013
The crucial residues of hBaxBH3 peptide for interaction with hBcl-B, an anti-apoptotic protein, were identified using molecular docking studies on the polypeptides and temperature-specific molecular dynamic simulations performed for the protein-peptide complex at near-physiological conditions (pH 7.0, 1 atmospheric pressure and 0.1 M NaCl). The data from the methods were ...
Sams Michael A - - 2013
In many environments recruitment of dispersive propagules (e.g. seeds, spores and larvae) can vary from situations when particular taxa recruit in relative isolation to times when they recruit simultaneously with other, functionally quite different taxa. Differences in the identity and density of recruiting taxa can have important consequences on community ...
Ionita-Laza Iuliana I Department of Biostatistics, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2013
Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing technologies make it increasingly more efficient to sequence large cohorts for many complex traits. We discuss here a class of sequence-based association tests for family-based designs that corresponds naturally to previously proposed population-based tests, including the classical Burden and variance-component tests. This framework allows for ...
Whittle Samuel L SL Rheumatology Unit, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 28 Woodville Rd, Woodville S, South Australia 5011, Australia. - - 2013
CLINICAL QUESTION Do the benefits of opioid analgesics outweigh the risks in patients with persistent pain due to rheumatoid arthritis? BOTTOM LINE Weak opioids (such as codeine, dextropropoxyphene, and tramadol) may be effective in the short-term management of rheumatoid arthritis pain, but adverse effects are common and may outweigh the ...
Xie Fengxian - - 2013
A simple one-step method is reported to synthesize low-temperature solution-processed transition metal oxides (TMOs) of molybdenum oxide and vanadium oxide with oxygen vacancies for a good hole-transport layer (HTL). The oxygen vacancy plays an essential role for TMOs when they are employed as HTLs: TMO films with excess oxygen are ...
Slichter S J SJ Puget Sound Blood Center, Seattle, WA 98104-1256, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of our studies was to determine the effects of extended platelet storage on poststorage platelet viability. Normal subjects were recruited to donate platelets using two different apheresis systems: either the COBE Spectra (n = 58) or the Haemonetics MCS+ (n = 84). Platelet recovery and survival data from ...
Said Samir M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively assessed the incidence of hemorrhagic complications associated with pacemaker implantation in patients receiving one or more antiplatelet agents. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective multicenter case-control study. Data were collected from three cardiac units in Germany from 2006 to 2010. METHODS: A total of 495 pacemaker patients were enrolled. ...
Redpath Nicholas T - - 2013
Gene deletion studies in mice have revealed critical roles for interleukins-4 and -13 in asthma development, with the latter controlling lung airways resistance and mucous secretion. We have now developed human neutralizing monoclonal antibodies against the human IL-13 receptor α1 subunit that prevent activation of the receptor complex by both ...
Scarpa Angela - - 2013
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the modified checklist for autism in toddlers (M-CHAT) in a diverse rural American low-socioeconomic status (SES) sample. Four hundred and forty-seven English (n = 335) and Spanish (n = 112) speaking caregivers completed the M-CHAT during their toddler's 18- or 24-month well visit in a Southwest Virginia ...
Kato-Noguchi Hisashi - - 2013
Large field screening programs and laboratory experiments in many countries have indicated that rice is allelopathic and releases allelochemical(s) into its environment. A number of compounds, such as phenolic acids, fatty acids, phenylalkanoic acids, hydroxamic acids, terpenes, and indoles, have been identified as potential rice allelochemicals. However, the studies reviewed ...
Liu Shujie - - 2013
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in neonatal and post-weaning piglets. Fimbrial adhesion of ETEC has been considered an important colonization factor with antigenicity. To safely and effectively deliver the F4 (K88) fimbrial adhesin FaeG to the immune system, we have previously constructed ...
Ahmad Abdullah Shafique AS Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, PO Box 100159, Gainesville, FL 32610-0254, - - 2013
Recent experimental data on Parkinson's disease (PD) predicts the critical role of inflammation in the progression of neurodegeneration and the promising preventive effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Previous studies suggest that NSAIDs minimize cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity and thereby attenuate free radical generation. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is an important product ...
Musshoff F - - 2013
A preliminary initial cloned enzyme donor immunoassay (CEDIA) was optimized for serum and urine drug testing with respect to the German per se limits for driving under the influence of drugs (serum) and lowered cut-offs in cases of driving licence re-granting (urine). The tests were performed on an Olympus AU ...
Chen Ching-Lun - - 2013
Poly(acrylonitrile-co-vinyl acetate) (PAN-VA) is utilized as a gelation agent to prepare gel-state electrolytes for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) applications. Based on the synergistic effect of PAN-VA and TiO(2) fillers in the electrolyte, the gel-state DSSC can achieve a conversion efficiency higher than that of a liquid counterpart. The high performance ...
Jiménez Caballero Pedro Enrique - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are at increased risk for cerebrovascular diseases. The underlying mechanisms remain obscure. It may occur through a reduction in cerebral vascular reactivity. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is effective in reducing the occurrence of apneas. We hypothesized that treatment with CPAP improves ...
Pennathur Priyadarshini R - - 2013
We describe different sources of hazards from cardiovascular operating room (CVOR) technologies, how hazards propagate in the CVOR and their impact on cognitive processes. Previous studies have examined hazards from poor design of a specific CVOR technology. However, the impact of different CVOR technologies functioning in context is not clearly ...
Hulsmann Anthon R - - 2013
Although most skin lesions in neonates are transient or benign, they may also be the presenting symptom of a life-threatening disease such as herpes neonatorum. In the present review, we present a short overview of neonatal skin lesions and a practical table to guide the general paediatrician in the diagnosis ...
Byck Gayle R GR Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 625 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 2700, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2013
Data on the prevalence of mental health disorders for low-income, urban African American adolescents are scarce. This study presents data about the burden of mental disorders for this understudied population. Mental disorders were assessed using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (C-DISC), Youth Self-Report (YSR), and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) ...
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