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Results 201 - 250 of 2956
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Di Salvo A - - 2013
An increase in fish production has consequently brought an increase in infectious diseases in fish farms. The use of chemotherapic drugs is the most effective instrument against common bacterial agents. The number of registered drugs for use in aquaculture is limited and often veterinary practitioners resort to the off-label use ...
Sarilar Véronique - - 2013
The role played by whole-genome duplication (WGD) in evolution and adaptation is particularly well illustrated in allopolyploids, where WGD is concomitant with interspecific hybridization. This 'Genome Shock', usually accompanied by structural and functional modifications, has been associated with the activation of transposable elements (TEs). However, the impact of allopolyploidy on ...
Karim Nasiara - - 2013
GABA(A) receptors are members of the ligand-gated ion channel superfamily that mediate inhibitory neurotransmission in the central nervous system. They are thought to be composed of 2 alpha (α), 2 beta (β) subunits and one other such as a gamma (γ) or delta (δ) subunit. The potency of GABA is influenced ...
Scriven Paul N - - 2013
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) using fluorescence in situ hybridisation probes was carried out for 59 couples carrying reciprocal translocations. Before treatment, 85% of pregnancies had resulted in spontaneous miscarriage and five couples had achieved a healthy live-birth delivery. Following treatment, 33% of pregnancies failed and 21of 59 couples had a ...
Zhang Fenghua - - 2013
H5N1 influenza virus is one of the viruses that can potentially cause an influenza pandemic. Protection of newborns against influenza virus infection could be effectively provided by maternal immunization. In this study, female mice were immunized with H5N1 HA DNA vaccine or inactivated whole-virion vaccine, and the protection provided by ...
Caltagirone Claudia - - 2013
A new family of bis-ureidic receptors () has been synthesised. The binding properties of towards different anions (acetate, benzoate, glutarate, malonate, dihydrogen phosphate, hydrogen pyrophosphate, triphosphate, AMP and ADP) have been studied by means of (1)H-NMR, UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopies and a remarkable affinity for HPpi(3-) has been observed in ...
Xue Feng - - 2013
Ultrasound treatment was used to extract carotenoids from tomato waste. Gelatin and gum arabic were applied as coating materials for the encapsulation of carotenoids. The first-order reaction was used to determine the degradation of carotenoids in the microcapsules. The result of controlled release studies showed that microcapsules would protect most ...
Lauper Julia M - - 2013
Onishi et al. recently reported here an association of diabetes mellitus (DM) with neoplasm type in newly identified patients with Werner syndrome (WS), an autosomal recessive cancer predisposition syndrome with features of premature aging that include a high risk of DM (Onishi et al. in Acta Diabetol 49(Suppl 1):259-260, 2012; ...
Tortella G R - - 2013
The effect of the terpenes α-pinene, eucalyptol, and limonene, individually and as mixtures, on atrazine (ATZ) biodegradation and on biological activity in a biobed biomixture was evaluated. Additionally, terpenes emitted from the biomixture were captured using solid-phase microextraction. Terpenes added individually at relatively low concentrations (50 μg kg(-1)) significantly enhanced ATZ degradation ...
Zahn Claudia - - 2013
The successive events of shedding and regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) are discovered over the course of the last decade as a fundamental biological process of type I and II membrane proteins, e.g. amyloid precursor protein (APP), Notch receptor and pro-tumor necrosis factor-α. Some of the resulting fragments were shown to ...
Huang Li-Feng - - 2013
Negative plant-soil feedbacks play an important role in soil sickness, which is one of the factors limiting the sustainable development of intensive agriculture. Various factors, such as the buildup of pests in the soil, disorder in physico-chemical soil properties, autotoxicity, and other unknown factors may contribute to soil sickness. A ...
Jansson Linda C - - 2013
Neurotransmitters such as glutamate are potential regulators of neurogenesis. Interference with defined glutamate receptor subtypes affects proliferation, migration and differentiation of neural progenitor cells. The cellular targets for the actions of different glutamate receptor ligands are less well known. In this study we have combined calcium imaging, measurement of membrane ...
Lee Yong Seuk - - 2013
PURPOSE: During open-wedge high tibial osteotomy, fracture occurring in the insufficient osteotomy before distraction of the osteotomy gap is an important complication. The objective of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) around the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) and the osteotomy hinge. The hypotheses of this study were ...
Solh Melhem - - 2013
Abstract The incidence of HZ in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) receiving bortezomib-based therapy has not been well-studied. We reviewed data from two phase II trials in which bortezomib was administered to 236 patients, median age 65 years, with relapsed/refractory mantle cell or indolent NHL. HZ occurred in 24 patients ...
Das Raj - - 2013
PURPOSE: We have observed significant rates of uterine artery patency after uterine artery embolization (UAE) with nonspherical polyvinyl alcohol (nsPVA) on 6 month follow-up MR scanning. The study aim was to quantitatively assess uterine artery patency after UAE with nsPVA and to assess the effect of continued uterine artery patency on ...
Gandra Naveen - - 2013
We report the synthesis of compositionally asymmetric, core-Janus shell plasmonic nanostructures comprised of Au and Ag. Kinetic control was employed to achieve asymmetric shell growth on Au nanoparticles acting as cores. Subsequent differential surface functionalization of these nanostructures enabled programmed shell growth resulting in core-Janus shell nanostructures. UV/vis extinction spectra ...
Cuomo Ilaria - - 2013
Pathological gambling behaviour is a side effect of dopaminergic drugs used in Parkinson's disease, but has seldom been reported with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. A 58-years-old woman with somatisation disorder since the age of 20 and recent-onset major depression (at 54 years) received 40 mg/day intravenous citalopram, thereafter switching to the same ...
Potter Paul - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood. No large, multicentre clinical trials in children with persistent allergic rhinitis (PER) have previously been performed. Rupatadine, a newer second-generation antihistamine, effective and safe in adults, is a promising treatment for children with AR. The aim ...
Udi Josefina - - 2013
Despite considerable advances, multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable and the development of novel therapies targeting the interplay between plasma cells (PCs) and their bone marrow (BM) microenvironment remains essential. We investigated the effect of various agents in vitro on the proliferation, phenotype, morphology, actin polymerization and migration of MM cells ...
Kaushal Simran - - 2013
We find that both Brevundimonas diminuta and Serratia marcescens can grow through sterilizing grade filter membranes of different membrane polymer compositions. Although this passage does not occur on a consistent basis, generation of "grow-through positive" results indicate that grow-through can occur stochastically at basal levels. This observation argues that the ...
Ma Dong - - 2013
A novel star-shaped polymer, porphyrin-poly(L-lysine) dendrons (PP-PLLD), is synthesized by the click reaction between azido-modified porphyrin and propargyl focal point poly(L-lysine) dendrons. Its chemical structure is characterized by (1) H nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) is analyses etc. Due to its amphiphilic property, ...
Hansen Alexandar L - - 2013
A (13)C(α) chemical exchange saturation transfer based experiment is presented for the study of protein systems undergoing slow interconversion between an 'observable' ground state and one or more 'invisible' excited states. Here a labeling strategy whereby [2-(13)C]-glucose is the sole carbon source is exploited, producing proteins with (13)C at the ...
Khan Omar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to prospectively evaluate the feasibility and clinical efficacy of a strategy of performing simultaneous balloon removal and sleeve gastrectomy in the super-super obese patients. METHODS: Forty consecutive super-super obese patients underwent intra-gastric balloon insertion followed by simultaneous balloon removal and sleeve gastrectomy 6 months ...
Macdougall J E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to evaluate the performance of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Responder Endpoint for clinical trials in IBS-C, using data from two large Phase 3 clinical trials of linaclotide. The FDA interim endpoint requires that, for 50% of trial weeks, patients report ≥30% decrease in Abdominal ...
Bahlman Joseph W - - 2013
There are many challenges to measuring power input and force output from a flapping vertebrate. Animals can vary a multitude of kinematic parameters simultaneously, and methods for measuring power and force are either not possible in a flying vertebrate or are very time and equipment intensive. To circumvent these challenges, ...
Bernard Paquito - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Processes of change (POC) are constructs from the transtheoretical model that propose to examine how people engage in a behavior. However, there is no consensus about a leading model explaining POC and there is no validated French POC scale in physical activity PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the ...
Oelke Matthias - - 2013
PURPOSE: To provide a narrative review of literature evaluating ultrasound techniques for the measurement of bladder wall hypertrophy in women as an alternative to invasive urodynamic assessment for the diagnosis of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). METHODS: A literature review was performed using PubMed and all paper journals of congress ...
Crucitti Antonio - - 2013
A 31-year-old woman presenting with acute abdomen underwent an emergency Hartmann's procedure for fecal peritonitis due to perforated adenocarcinoma of the left colon. Shortly after a 7-month course of adjuvant chemotherapy, follow-up contrast-enhanced CT showed multiple peritoneal and hepatic nodules, showing focal intense and homogeneous FDG uptake on FDG-PET/CT, highly ...
Uwamori Masahiro - - 2013
The stereoselective total synthesis of garsubellin A is described. The total synthesis was achieved through the stereoselective construction of a bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane derivative via a three-step sequence: intramolecular cyclopropanation, formation of a germinal dimethyl group, and regioselective ring opening of cyclopropane. To complete the total synthesis of garsubellin A, chemo- and ...
Barak-Shinar Deganit - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea reported as the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is usually measured in sleep laboratories using a high number of electrodes connected to the patient's body. In this study, we examined the use of a standard pulse oximeter system with an automated analysis based on the photoplethysmograph (PPG) signal ...
Zvyagintsev Mikhail - - 2013
Mental imagery is a complex cognitive process that resembles the experience of perceiving an object when this object is not physically present to the senses. It has been shown that, depending on the sensory nature of the object, mental imagery also involves correspondent sensory neural mechanisms. However, it remains unclear ...
Bahn Michael - - 2013
Carbon (C) allocation strongly influences plant and soil processes. Short-term C allocation dynamics in ecosystems and their responses to environmental changes are still poorly understood. Using in situ (13) CO(2) pulse labeling, we studied the effects of 1 wk of shading on the transfer of recent photoassimilates between sugars and starch of ...
Korkmaz Brice - - 2013
Neutrophils are among the first cells implicated in acute inflammation. Leaving the blood circulation, they quickly migrate through the interstitial space of tissues and liberate oxidants and other antimicrobial proteins together with serine proteinases. Neutrophil elastase, cathepsin G, proteinase 3 (PR3), and neutrophil serine protease 4 are four hematopoietic serine ...
Teunissen L P J - - 2013
Physiological and perceptual effects of wind cooling are often intertwined and have scarcely been studied in self-paced exercise. Therefore, we aimed to investigate (1) the independent perceptual effect of wind cooling and its impact on performance and (2) the responses to temporary wind cooling during self-paced exercise. Ten male subjects ...
Fonseca Raphael Gomes - - 2013
Kinins B(1) and B(2) receptors (B(1)R and B(2)R) are classically associated with inflammation, but our group has recently demonstrated new roles for B(1)R in metabolism using a knockout model (B(1) (-/-)). B(1) (-/-) mice display improvement on leptin and insulin sensitivity and is protected from high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. ...
Benslimane-Ahmim Zahia - - 2013
Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily member, inhibits RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis. We have previously reported that OPG enhances the proangiogenic properties of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) in vitro, and promotes vasculogenesis in vivo. Here we investigated how OPG promotes neovascularisation. Proteomic experiments showed that OPG pretreatment affected ECFCs ...
Yang Tse-Chuan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a problem in the USA and identifying modifiable factors at the individual level may help to address this public health concern. A burgeoning literature has suggested that sleep and stress may be associated with obesity; however, little is know about whether these two factors moderate each ...
Scheepens J F - - 2013
In many biomes, global warming has resulted in advanced and longer growing seasons, which has often led to earlier flowering in plant taxa. Elevational gradients are ideal to study the effects of global warming as they allow transplantation of plants from their original cooler higher elevations down to elevations with ...
Saha Suman - - 2013
PURPOSE: We report a case of mycotic keratitis caused by a rare fungus Schizophyllum commune. METHODS: Clinical examination, slit-lamp examination, and microbiological evaluation of the corneal ulcer were done, and its treatment outcome was studied. The fungal etiology was established by conventional microbiological techniques, polymerase chain reaction and speciation by ...
Bradshaw Jill - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The provision of skilled support is dependent on staff knowledge and understanding (Beadle-Brown J., Beecham J., Mansell J., Baumker T., Leigh J., Whelton R. & Richardson L, unpublished data). Influencing staff knowledge and understanding is an important component of interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen individual semi-structured interviews elicited staff views and ...
Prados Jose - - 2013
Accessory (supernumerary) intrathoracic ribs are a very rare congenital disorder. Here, we present the first case of multiple supernumerary intrathoracic ribs in an adult, which are present consecutively between ribs 1 and 4 and without articulation with the vertebrae. Despite this, anatomical variation is usually silent and accidentally discovered; its ...
Kim Yun Jung - - 2013
BACKGROUND/AIM: Endoscopic treatments of colorectal neoplasms have yet to be standardized. This study aimed to compare efficacy and tolerability of different endoscopic resection methods for colorectal epithelial tumors. METHODS: Patients with non-pedunculated colorectal tumors undergoing endoscopic treatments were consecutively enrolled, and their medical records were reviewed retrospectively. The resection methods ...
Park Yong Seo - - 2013
The bioactivity of two kiwifruit's cultivars growing under organic and conventional conditions were studied and compared. The bioactive compounds were extracted with water and ethanol using similar conditions which are applied in pharmaceutical applications and for daily fruit consumption such as tea drink. Antioxidant radical scavenging assays [ferric-reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP); ...
Selmke Markus - - 2013
Photothermal correlation spectroscopy (PhoCS) is a powerful counterpart to fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). Using PhoCS it is possible to probe the dynamics of non-fluorescent and non-bleaching ultra-stable metal-nanoparticles in solution and biological specimen, where they can be used as tracers and markers. This paper complements the absorption correlation method by ...
Dayan Serkan - - 2013
3-Amino-N-aryl-benzenesulfonamides () were successfully synthesized by the reaction of m-phenylenediamine and various benzenesulfonyl chlorides. Then, a series of ruthenium complexes () were prepared from the reaction of [RuCl(2)(p-cymene)](2) and . Finally, SiO(2)-supported Ru(ii) complexes () were prepared by an impregnation method. The synthesized compounds and materials were characterized by different ...
Zhuang Zhi - - 2013
Adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and lysozyme (LSZ) proteins with preferred orientation to a(b)- and c-axes of single-crystal hydroxyapatite (HAp) particles, was investigated. Fiber-like HAp single crystal particles (aHAp) and plate-like HAp single crystal particles (cHAp) were used as models for a(b)-plane and c-plane oriented HAps, respectively, together with ...
Shi Ting - - 2013
Abstract Therapeutics to treat human heart failure (HF) and the identification of proteins associated with HF are still limited. We analyzed α(1)-adrenergic receptor (AR) subtypes in human HF and performed proteomic analysis on more uniform samples to identify novel proteins associated with human HF. Six failing hearts with end-stage dilated ...
Huang Sui - - 2013
The fateful combination of (i) the Dunning-Kruger effect (ignorance of one's own ignorance) with (ii) the nonlinear dynamics of the echo-chamber between reviewers and editors fuels a self-reinforcing collective delusion system that sometimes spirals uncontrollably away from objectivity and truth. Escape from this subconscious meta-ignorance is a formidable challenge but ...
Lahourcade Lise - - 2013
ZnSnN(2) , a new earth-abundant semiconductor, is synthesized and characterized for use as a photovoltaic absorber material. Results confirm the predicted orthorhombic Pna2(1) crystal structure in RF sputtered thin films. Additionally, optical measurements reveal a direct bandgap of about 2 eV, which is larger than our calculated bandgap of 1.42 ...
Welke Kai - - 2013
Channelrhodopsin-2 is a light-gated ion channel, which has been studied intensively over the last decade. Vibrational spectroscopic experiments started to shed light on the structural changes, that occur during the photocycle, especially in the hydrogen-bonded network surrounding the protonated D156 and C128 - the DC gate. However, the interpretation of ...
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