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Deangelo D J - - 2013
Panobinostat is a potent oral pan-deacetylase inhibitor that leads to acetylation of intracellular proteins, inhibits cellular proliferation, and induces apoptosis in leukemic cell lines. A phase Ia/II study was designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of daily panobinostat, administered on two schedules: three times a week every week ...
Boyle B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the public health consequences of the rise in multiple births with respect to congenital anomalies. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological analysis of data from population-based congenital anomaly registries. SETTING: Fourteen European countries. POPULATION: A total of 5.4 million births 1984-2007, of which 3% were multiple births. METHODS: Cases of ...
Stewart A - - 2013
Various studies have implicated a potential association between candidate gene polymorphisms and postoperative cognitive dysfunction, yet corroborative studies are lacking. We investigated the variants in genes encoding platelet glycoprotein-IIIa and apolipoprotein-E and their relationship with postoperative cognitive dysfunction one year after cardiac surgery. A total of 155 patients were studied; ...
Sandhu Shahneen K - - 2013
PURPOSE: The CC-chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) is highly expressed in various malignancies and promotes carcinogenesis. Blocking CCL2 has preclinical antitumor activity. A phase 1 trial of carlumab (CNTO 888), a human anti-CCL2 IgG1κ mAb, was conducted to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic profile, and antitumor activity. METHODS: Patients with advanced ...
Docherty L E LE Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Mailpoint 105, Princess Anne Hospital, Coxford Road, Southampton SO16 5YA, - - 2013
6q24 transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) is a rare form of diabetes presenting in the neonatal period that remits during infancy but, in a proportion of cases, recurs in later life. We aim to describe the clinical presentation of 6q24 TNDM in the largest worldwide cohort of patients with defined ...
Shah Ravi P - - 2013
The present study dealt with the forced degradation behaviour of rosuvastatin under ICH prescribed stress conditions. The drug was found to be labile under acid hydrolytic and photolytic conditions, while it was stable to base/neutral hydrolytic, oxidative and thermal stress. In total, 11 degradation products were formed, which were separated ...
Mazza Monica - - 2013
Patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exhibit exaggerated brain responses to emotionally negative stimuli. Identifying the neural correlates of emotion regulation in these subjects is important for elucidating the neural circuitry involved in emotional dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional connectivity between the areas activated ...
Ruiz-Rodríguez M - - 2013
Animals often announce their unprofitability to predators through conspicuous coloured signals. Here we tested whether the apparently conspicuous colour designs of the four European Coraciiformes and Upupiformes species may have evolved as aposematic signals, or whether instead they imply a cost in terms of predation risk. Because previous studies suggested ...
Kristjánsson Arni - - 2013
Over the past decade, exciting findings have surfaced suggesting that routine action videogame play improves attentional and perceptual skills. Apparently, performance during multiple-object tracking, useful-field-of-view tests, and task switching improves, contrast sensitivity and spatial-resolution thresholds decrease, and the attentional blink and backward masking are lessened by short-term training on action ...
Jamal Mustapha - - 2013
We describe the self-folding of photopatterned poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based hydrogel bilayers into curved and anatomically relevant micrometer-scale geometries. The PEG bilayers consist of two different molecular weights (MWs) and are photocrosslinked en masse using conventional photolithography. Self-folding is driven by differential swelling of the two PEG bilayers in aqueous ...
Koren Shany - - 2013
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway is crucial for cell growth, proliferation, metabolism and survival and is frequently deregulated in human cancer, including ~70% of breast tumors. PIK3CA, the gene encoding the catalytic subunit p110α of PI3K, is mutated in ~30% of breast cancers. However, the exact mechanism of PIK3CA-evoked ...
Chen Jun Song - - 2013
The development of new electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) has always been a focal area of materials science, as the current technology may not be able to meet the high energy demands for electronic devices with better performance. Among all the metal oxides, tin dioxide (SnO(2) ) is regarded ...
Kaaya Sylvia F - - 2013
Abstract The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of group counseling, using a problem-solving therapy approach, on reducing depressive symptoms and increasing prenatal disclosure rates of HIV status among HIV-positive pregnant women living in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. A randomized controlled trial was performed comparing a six-week ...
Estepp Jeremie H - - 2013
Elevated foetal haemoglobin (HbF) levels are protective against some manifestations of sickle cell anaemia but the impact on retinopathy is unknown. We report on 123 children with HbSS, 10·6% of whom developed retinopathy. Independent of hydroxycarbamide, children with a HbF <15% had 7·1-fold (95% confidence interval, 1·5-33·6) higher odds of ...
Vagi Kevin J KJ Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2013
Dating violence is a serious public health problem. In recent years, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other entities have made funding available to community based agencies for dating violence prevention. Practitioners who are tasked with developing dating violence prevention strategies should pay particular attention to risk ...
Chiu Chien-Chao - - 2013
Abstract Context: Liver injury can be induced by various hepatotoxicants, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PEA). Our previous study indicated that PEA-induced rat hepatotoxicity was T cells and Kupffer cells dependent. Several reports have demonstrated that non-toxic doses of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can protect liver against the chemicals-induced toxicity such ...
Coombes Brooke K BK Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, - - 2013
Corticosteroid injection and physiotherapy, common treatments for lateral epicondylalgia, are frequently combined in clinical practice. However, evidence on their combined efficacy is lacking. To investigate the effectiveness of corticosteroid injection, multimodal physiotherapy, or both in patients with unilateral lateral epicondylalgia. A 2 × 2 factorial, randomized, injection-blinded, placebo-controlled trial was ...
Xue Feng - - 2013
Ultrasound treatment was used to extract carotenoids from tomato waste. Gelatin and gum arabic were applied as coating materials for the encapsulation of carotenoids. The first-order reaction was used to determine the degradation of carotenoids in the microcapsules. The result of controlled release studies showed that microcapsules would protect most ...
Lauper Julia M - - 2013
Onishi et al. recently reported here an association of diabetes mellitus (DM) with neoplasm type in newly identified patients with Werner syndrome (WS), an autosomal recessive cancer predisposition syndrome with features of premature aging that include a high risk of DM (Onishi et al. in Acta Diabetol 49(Suppl 1):259-260, 2012; ...
Tortella G R - - 2013
The effect of the terpenes α-pinene, eucalyptol, and limonene, individually and as mixtures, on atrazine (ATZ) biodegradation and on biological activity in a biobed biomixture was evaluated. Additionally, terpenes emitted from the biomixture were captured using solid-phase microextraction. Terpenes added individually at relatively low concentrations (50 μg kg(-1)) significantly enhanced ATZ degradation ...
Zahn Claudia - - 2013
The successive events of shedding and regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) are discovered over the course of the last decade as a fundamental biological process of type I and II membrane proteins, e.g. amyloid precursor protein (APP), Notch receptor and pro-tumor necrosis factor-α. Some of the resulting fragments were shown to ...
Huang Li-Feng - - 2013
Negative plant-soil feedbacks play an important role in soil sickness, which is one of the factors limiting the sustainable development of intensive agriculture. Various factors, such as the buildup of pests in the soil, disorder in physico-chemical soil properties, autotoxicity, and other unknown factors may contribute to soil sickness. A ...
Chen Song - - 2013
Free-standing, micropatterned silica nanotube membranes are in situ fabricated using a micropatterned silica-coated collagen hybrid hydrogel as template. They are substrate-free, and not only maintained their micropatterned microstructure well, but also exhibited strong cell contact guidance ability to direct cell alignment and differentiation, indicating their good potential for biomedical applications.
Romanenko Lyudmila A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to survey microorganisms from the deep surface sediment samples collected from the Sea of Japan and to screen them for antimicrobial and antagonistic effects. Phylogenetic analysis revealed most isolates sharing 98-100 % sequence similarity to recognized species, including those recovered previously from marine or saline ...
Munck Dorete Frydshou - - 2013
We would like to report the rare occurrence of a pregnancy in a non-communicating rudimentary uterine horn in an obese woman which evaded diagnosis, ruptured, and resulted in major intra-abdominal hemorrhage. A nulliparous woman, with a BMI of 36, presented at 21-weeks gestation with a history of abdominal pain. Prior ...
Klabbers Gonnie - - 2013
Considering many psychosocial health risk factors are interrelated, determining psychosocial health risk might benefit from a more person-centered perspective. This paper explores to what extent a psychosocial profile that combines potentially synergistic effects of different psychosocial characteristics, including psychological attributes and functioning, coping styles and social support, predicts self-rated health, ...
Wadley Glenn D - - 2013
It is clear that at pathologically high chronic levels reactive oxygen species (ROS) are cytotoxic. However, it is also now clear that during contraction ROS are produced at low (physiological) levels and play an important role in cell signalling in normal healthy skeletal muscle (reviewed in (Powers and Jackson, 2008)). ...
Fariña Juan Pablo - - 2013
We tested the effect of OS (oxidative stress) inhibition in rats fed with an FRD (fructose-rich diet; 10% w/v in drinking water) for 3 weeks. Normal adult male rats received a standard CD (commercial diet) or an FRD without or with an inhibitor of NADPH-oxidase, APO (apocynin; 5 mM in ...
Shen Li-Hua - - 2013
We report that ultra-small, monodisperse, water-dispersible magnetite (Fe(3)O(4)) nanoparticles can be synthesized by a facile one-pot approach using trisodium citrate as crystal grain growth inhibitor and stabilizer in polyol solution. The resultant Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles exhibit an excellent long-term colloidal stability in various buffer solutions without any modification. They are also ...
Baines Katherine J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Rhinovirus (RV) is a major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations, and primarily infects bronchial epithelial cells. Immune responses from BECs to RV infection are critical in limiting viral replication, and remain unclear in COPD. The objective of this study is to investigate innate immune responses ...
Agha Sharifah Shameem SS Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Section, Institute of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, UK. - - 2013
Although Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is recognised to be a familial and heritable disorder, little is known about the broader family characteristics of having a parent with ADHD problems. The main aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between parent ADHD problems, child clinical presentation and family ...
Shin Dong Wook - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication may reduce the risk of gastric cancer, and professional guidelines recommend eradication based on patients' preference. However, little data exist regarding individual's preference for HP eradication to prevent gastric cancer. We explored healthy Korean populations' preference for HP "screen and treat" strategy and its associated ...
Mennucci Benedetta - - 2013
In this perspective, an overview of the recent progress in the combination of quantum mechanical (QM) simulations of spectroscopies with classical models to include environment effects is presented. Both atomistic and continuum formulations of the classical models are reviewed together with a critical analysis of their respective pros and cons. ...
Jansson Linda C - - 2013
Neurotransmitters such as glutamate are potential regulators of neurogenesis. Interference with defined glutamate receptor subtypes affects proliferation, migration and differentiation of neural progenitor cells. The cellular targets for the actions of different glutamate receptor ligands are less well known. In this study we have combined calcium imaging, measurement of membrane ...
Lee Yong Seuk - - 2013
PURPOSE: During open-wedge high tibial osteotomy, fracture occurring in the insufficient osteotomy before distraction of the osteotomy gap is an important complication. The objective of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) around the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) and the osteotomy hinge. The hypotheses of this study were ...
Solh Melhem - - 2013
Abstract The incidence of HZ in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) receiving bortezomib-based therapy has not been well-studied. We reviewed data from two phase II trials in which bortezomib was administered to 236 patients, median age 65 years, with relapsed/refractory mantle cell or indolent NHL. HZ occurred in 24 patients ...
Das Raj - - 2013
PURPOSE: We have observed significant rates of uterine artery patency after uterine artery embolization (UAE) with nonspherical polyvinyl alcohol (nsPVA) on 6 month follow-up MR scanning. The study aim was to quantitatively assess uterine artery patency after UAE with nsPVA and to assess the effect of continued uterine artery patency on ...
Mori Ryo R Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Kasumi 1-2-3, Minami-ku, Hiroshima City, 734-8551, Japan. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine retrospectively the effectiveness of Sugioka's transtrochanteric valgus osteotomy (TVO) combined with the shelf procedure for patients who had advanced osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip with severe acetabular dysplasia. Sixty-two hips in 61 patients were reviewed retrospectively between April 1993 and March 2009. ...
Gandra Naveen - - 2013
We report the synthesis of compositionally asymmetric, core-Janus shell plasmonic nanostructures comprised of Au and Ag. Kinetic control was employed to achieve asymmetric shell growth on Au nanoparticles acting as cores. Subsequent differential surface functionalization of these nanostructures enabled programmed shell growth resulting in core-Janus shell nanostructures. UV/vis extinction spectra ...
Cuomo Ilaria - - 2013
Pathological gambling behaviour is a side effect of dopaminergic drugs used in Parkinson's disease, but has seldom been reported with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. A 58-years-old woman with somatisation disorder since the age of 20 and recent-onset major depression (at 54 years) received 40 mg/day intravenous citalopram, thereafter switching to the same ...
Diamanti C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A variety of studies have demonstrated improvement in quality of life and depressive symptoms in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients after continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. However, very little is known about the effect of OSA treatment on physical activity and energy consumption. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this ...
Mbulaiteye Sam M SM Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA. - - 2013
Case reports of Burkitt lymphoma (BL) in transplant recipients suggest that the risk is markedly elevated. Therefore, we investigated the incidence of BL in 203,557 solid organ recipients in the U.S. Transplant Cancer Match Study (1987-2009) and compared it with the general population using standardized incidence ratios. We also assessed ...
Cordova Fabiano M FM Departamento de Bioquímica, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC 88040-900, - - 2013
While manganese (Mn) is essential for proper central nervous system (CNS) development, excessive Mn exposure may lead to neurotoxicity. Mn preferentially accumulates in the basal ganglia, and in adults it may cause Parkinson's disease-like disorder. Compared to adults, younger individuals accumulate greater Mn levels in the CNS and are more ...
de Bruijn Renée F A G - - 2013
Several studies have associated physical activity with the risk of dementia, but mostly did so during short follow-up. It remains unclear whether physical activity also affects dementia during longer follow-up. We examined the association between physical activity and risk of dementia during a follow-up period up to 14 years. From ...
Horng Chi-Ting - - 2013
Abstract Clotrimazole is an antimycotic imidazole derivative that interferes with cellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. This study examined the effect of clotrimazole on cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) and viability in HA59T human hepatoma cells. The Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2 was applied to measure [Ca(2+)](i). Clotrimazole induced [Ca(2+)](i) rises in a concentration-dependent manner. ...
Stoler Aaron B - - 2013
While the common conceptual role of resource subsidies is one of bottom-up nutrient and energy supply, inputs can also alter the structural complexity of environments. This can further impact resource flow by providing refuge for prey and decreasing predation rates. However, the direct influence of different organic subsidies on predator-prey ...
Zhang Zheng Z Department of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, - - 2013
The poor viability of transplanted stem cells hampers their therapeutic efficacy for treatment of myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate whether rosuvastatin improved survival of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) after transplantation into infarcted hearts. AD-MSCs isolated from Tg(Fluc-egfp) mice which constitutively express both firefly luciferase ...
Sostelly Alexandre - - 2013
ATP-Binding Cassette transporters such as ABCG2 confer resistance to various anticancer drugs including irinotecan and its active metabolite, SN38. Early quantitative evaluation of efflux transporter inhibitors-cytotoxic combination requires quantitative drug-disease models. A proof-of-concept study has been carried out for studying the effect of a new ABCG2 transporter inhibitor, MBLI87 combined ...
Krause P - - 2013
Nearly 50 % of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients develop liver metastases with liver resection being the only option to cure patients. Residual micrometastases or circulating tumor cells are considered a cause of tumor relapse. This work investigates the influence of partial hepatectomy (PH) on the growth and molecular composition of CRC ...
Chaichana Kaisorn L - - 2013
PURPOSE: Endoscopic-assisted craniosynostosis surgery is associated with less blood loss and shorter operative times as compared to open surgery. However, in infants who have low circulating blood volumes, the endoscopic approach is still associated with significant blood loss. A major source of blood loss is the bone that is cut ...
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