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Jiang Yeqing - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) to detect changes in the sacroiliac joint regions after infliximab (an anti-TNF-α blocker) treatment in active axial ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. A total of 110 sacroiliac joints in 55 patients with active AS were ...
Crino Peter B - - 2013
Over the past decade, there have been numerous advances in our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Following the identification of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes, a link to regulatory control of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has paved the way for new ...
Ramos P - - 2013
In this article, we describe spontaneous melanotic lesions in the skin of axillary seabream, Pagellus acarne (Risso), from a defined area of the Portuguese Coast, located in Cabo da Roca and Foz do Arelho. The lesions corresponded to the black pigmentation spots on the skin of the head, fins, lips ...
Kottalanka Ravi K - - 2013
We report here a series of heavier alkaline earth metal complexes with a phosphinoselenoic amide ligand using two synthetic routes. In the first route, the heavier alkaline earth metal bis(trimethylsilyl)amides [M{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(2)(THF)(n)] (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) were treated with phosphinoselenoic amine [Ph(2)P(Se)NH(CHPh(2))] (), prepared by the treatment of bulky phosphinamines ...
Zhou Tian-Biao - - 2013
Abstract The roles of apolipoprotein E (apoE) in regulating plasma lipids and lipoproteins levels have been investigated for over several decades. However, in different tissues/cells, the role of apoE was different, such as that it was a risk factor for cancer, but some reports stated that apoE was a protective ...
Suárez N M - - 2013
Many studies presenting genetic analysis of dog breeds have been conducted without the inclusion of island dog breeds, although isolation can be one of the main factors in their origin. Here we report the genetic analysis at the nuclear and mitochondrial DNA levels of five Canary Island dog breeds (Canarian ...
Pauly Franziska - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A known HIV status is the most important step in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and screening for HIV is recommended by German prenatal guidelines. In our study, we wanted to ascertain the prevalence of HIV-testing in a pregnant inner-city cohort. METHODS: Prenatal records of 279 women were prospectively ...
Röhrig Julian - - 2013
Aspergillus nidulans responds to light in several aspects. The balance between sexual and asexual development as well as the amount of secondary metabolites produced is controlled by light. Here, we show that germination is largely delayed by blue (450 nm), red (700 nm), and far-red light (740 nm). The largest effect was observed ...
Hochberg Jessica - - 2013
Most children, adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in first complete remission (CR1) have an excellent prognosis with multi-agent chemotherapy in induction, consolidation, re-induction and maintenance therapy. However, there is a subset of patients with a more guarded prognosis using this approach, who may benefit from haematopoietic ...
Qi Yun-Feng - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are multifunctional cytokines that regulate immune responses, cell proliferation, and tumour development and progression, which frequently have functionally opposing roles. The cellular responses to both cytokines are activated via the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway. During the past 10 ...
Liu Hong - - 2013
Here we report a method for highly reproducible chronoamperometric analysis of the contents of microdroplets. Aqueous microdroplets having volumes on the order of 1 nL and separated by a fluorocarbon solvent are generated within a microfluidic device using a T-shaped junction. The key finding is that stable and reproducible quasi-steady-state ...
Yoshida Tadao - - 2013
Tinnitus is one of the symptoms of Meniere's disease. The relationship between a clinical presentation of subjective tinnitus or ear fullness and endolymphatic hydrops (EH) has not yet been explored. We studied 15 patients with symptoms of tinnitus as their major complaint, with or without hearing loss, who were evaluated ...
Stiburkova Blanka - - 2013
Renal hypouricemia (RHUC) is a heterogeneous inherited disorder characterized by impaired tubular uric acid (UA) transport with severe complications, such as acute kidney injury (AKI). Type 1 is caused by a loss-of-function mutation in the SLC22A12 gene (URAT1), type 2 in the SLC2A9 gene (GLUT9). This article describes three Czech ...
Limburgh Candice M - - 2013
Abstract Following the adoption of key national policy, several campaigns aimed at increasing the number of adult males receiving circumcisions have been implemented across South Africa. Evidence as to the likely effectiveness of such interventions comes predominantly from three large randomized-controlled trials. However, little has been written about how these ...
Goldhaber Samuel Z - - 2013
Pulmonary embolism is the number one cause of preventable death among hospitalized patients. Prescription of either low dose low molecular weight heparin, such as enoxaparin or dalteparin, or prescription of low dose fondaparinux can halve the rate of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, without increasing major bleeding complications. Nevertheless, ...
Lu Jingyi - - 2013
Insulin resistance (IR) is a key pathological feature of metabolic syndrome and subsequently causes serious health problems with an increased risk of several common metabolic disorders. IR related metabolic disturbance is not restricted to carbohydrates but impacts global metabolic network. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), namely valine, leucine and isoleucine, are ...
Pratheesh Ravindran - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the incidence, predictors, early post-operative course of diabetes insipidus (DI) in paediatric craniopharyngiomas(CP) and compare the findings with adults. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical, biochemical, radiological and operative data for 102 consecutive CP surgeries (45 paediatric and 57 adult cases) was done. Bivariate and ...
Damon Coralie - - 2013
The yeast two-hybrid system is a powerful tool for detecting binary protein interactions, widely used in large-scale interactome mapping. We modified two yeast strains commonly used in yeast two-hybrid experiments by integrating into their genomes a new reporter gene encoding the enhanced yellow fluorescent protein eYFP. The suitability of this ...
Zhang Qi - - 2013
A systematic theoretical study on the Rh-catalyzed oxidative Heck-coupling of phenol carbamates with alkenes is carried out. Two possible mechanisms (i.e. arene activation-first and alkene activation-first mechanisms) are examined. As to the C-H activation step, four mechanisms including oxidative addition, electrophilic substitution, concerted metallation-deprotonation (CMD), and σ-bond metathesis are evaluated. ...
Cai Shan-Jun - - 2013
To analyze the association between Eales disease, histocompatibility leukocyte antigen alleles (HLA-A/B, HLA-DRB/DQB) and tuberculosis infection, and to explore susceptible genes and protective genes associated with Eales disease and tuberculosis infection in a population of Han nationals from Zunyi City in Guizhou Province, China. The subjects were analyzed by a ...
Solanki Guirish A - - 2013
Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA), also known as Morquio-Brailsford or Morquio A syndrome, is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme N-acetyl-galactosamine-6-sulphate sulphatase (GALNS). MPS IVA is multisystemic but manifests primarily as a progressive skeletal dysplasia. Spinal involvement is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in ...
Levin E - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite long being a mainstay in describing platelet activation via degranulation, interlaboratory variation remains an issue in measurement of membrane CD62P by flow cytometry. Our objective was to identify actions that may minimize this variation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen laboratories participated in an international comparative study. Two ...
Chen Dongcheng - - 2013
A new family of neutral alcohol-soluble small molecular materials comprised of electron-rich triphenylamine (TPA) and fluorene featuring phosphonate side chains (FEP) is reported, namely 3TPA-FEP, 2TPA-2FEP and TPA-3FEP, which have different TPA and FEP contents. Due to their good solubility in polar solvents like alcohol, multilayer devices can be fabricated ...
Hinchliffe Sally R - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Competing risks are a common occurrence in survival analysis. They arise when a patient is at risk of more than one mutually exclusive event, such as death from different causes, and the occurrence of one of these may prevent any other event from ever happening. METHODS: There are ...
Bate E - - 2013
Background: Starting medical school can be both exciting and daunting. This is particularly the case when the style of learning is different from that which has been experienced previously. For many students, their first experience of learning through a problem-based learning (PBL) approach is when they commence their medical student ...
Nedergaard Anders - - 2013
Abstract The controversy surrounding the results from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) trials published a decade ago caused a significant decline in the use of menopausal hormone replacement therapy. However, these results have been vehemently contested and several lines of evidence suggest that in perimenopausal and non-obese women, estrogen therapy ...
Koike Haruki - - 2013
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), and Wegener's granulomatosis are anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides that may affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems. In these diseases, the frequency of concomitant peripheral neuropathy is particularly high in MPA and CSS. As opposed to kidney and lung involvement, which may ...
Liu Zhanji - - 2013
Low genetic diversity makes peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) very vulnerable to plant pathogens, causing severe yield loss and reduced seed quality. Several hundred partial genomic DNA sequences as nucleotide-binding-site leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) resistance genes (R) have been identified, but a small portion with expressed transcripts has been found. We aimed ...
Jost Jürgen - - 2013
We study the effects of learning by imitating others within the framework of an iterated game in which the members of two complementary populations interact via random pairing at each round. This allows us to compare both the fitness of different strategies within a population and the performance of populations ...
Bockisch Christopher J - - 2013
Alexander's law, the eye position dependency of nystagmus due to peripheral vestibular lesions, has been hypothesized to occur due to adaptive changes in the brainstem velocity-to-position neural integrator in response to non-reciprocal vestibular stimulation. We investigated whether it develops during passive head rotations that produce constant nystagmus for >35 s. The yaw ...
Sapir-Pichhadze Ruth - - 2013
Detailed data on living donor age, and its interplay with recipient age, in predicting allograft and recipient outcomes are wanting. We used the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (2000-2009, n = 49 589) to assess the effect of living donor age on delayed graft function (DGF), total graft failure, death-censored graft failure, death ...
Mosolygó Tímea - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the effects of interleukin (IL)-17 cytokines in Chlamydophila pneumoniae-infected mice. METHODS: Mice were infected with C. pneumoniae once or three times and the expression of IL-17 cytokines was followed by RT qPCR from day 1 to day 28 after infection and re-infection. After the treatment of mice ...
Seo Sungbaek - - 2013
Target size effect on the sensory signaling intensity of polydiacetylene (PDA) liposome microarrays was systematically investigated. Influenza A virus M1 peptide and M1 antibody were selected as a probe-target pair. While red fluorescence from the PDA liposome microarrays was observed when the larger M1 antibody was used as a target, ...
Bartonička Tomᚠ- - 2013
Roost ectoparasites are believed to have a negative impact on fitness of their hosts as birds or mammals. Previous studies were mostly focussed on the synchronization between reproduction cycles of ectoparasites and hosts living in infested roosts. However, to date, it has not been examined how fast ectoparasites colonize new, ...
Sivakumar Dakshinamurthy - - 2013
The crucial residues of hBaxBH3 peptide for interaction with hBcl-B, an anti-apoptotic protein, were identified using molecular docking studies on the polypeptides and temperature-specific molecular dynamic simulations performed for the protein-peptide complex at near-physiological conditions (pH 7.0, 1 atmospheric pressure and 0.1 M NaCl). The data from the methods were ...
Sams Michael A - - 2013
In many environments recruitment of dispersive propagules (e.g. seeds, spores and larvae) can vary from situations when particular taxa recruit in relative isolation to times when they recruit simultaneously with other, functionally quite different taxa. Differences in the identity and density of recruiting taxa can have important consequences on community ...
Du Kaili - - 2013
Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) has shown efficacy in preventing acute GVHD (aGVHD) in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), but its efficacy in chronic GVHD (cGVHD) and long-term outcomes remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate potential benefit and risk of prophylactic ATG use in myeloablative HCT. We ...
Manon-Jensen Tina - - 2013
Syndecans are transmembrane heparan sulphate proteoglycans with roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, adhesion and migration. They have been associated with multiple functions in tumour progression through their ability to interact with a wide range of ligands as well as other receptors, which makes them key effectors in the pericellular microenvironment. ...
Heinrichs Guido - - 2013
Mass growth of dark fungal biofilms on water taps and associated habitats was observed in various German drinking water distribution systems recently. Customers of affected drinking water systems are anxious about potential and unknown health risks. These environments are known to harbour a fungal flora also comprising a variety of ...
Sreekanth Vedagopuram - - 2013
We have studied the interactions of three bile acid-tamoxifen conjugates, lithocholic acid-tamoxifen (LA-Tam(1)-Am), deoxycholic acid-tamoxifen (DCA-Tam(2)-Am), and cholic acid-tamoxifen (CA-Tam(3)-Am), possessing 1-3 tamoxifen molecules having an amine headgroup with model DPPC membranes and compared with N-desmethylated tamoxifen (TamNHMe) using DPH based fluorescence anisotropy, Prodan based hydration, and differential scanning calorimetry ...
Arik Bilal - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Both obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) are considered to be related with the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study we evaluate the association between OSAS and presence of subclinical atherosclerosis assessed by tomographic coronary calcium score in patients who had ...
Berges Alienor - - 2013
AIM: The investigations reported here aimed to evaluate the incremental benefit for dose finding by concentration-response analysis versus dose-response analysis. METHODS: Trials were simulated using an Emax model for a range of scenarios of drug properties, trial design options and target response levels. The simulated data were analysed by concentration-response ...
Pascual G - - 2013
Background. While lightweight (LW) polypropylene (PP) meshes are been used for hernia repair, new prosthetic meshes also of low-density and with largepores have recently been introduced composed of other polymer materials. This study compares the behavior in the short-term of two macroporous LW prosthetic materials, PP and non-expanded PTFE. Methods. ...
Yoon Jung Ho - - 2013
Limiting the location where electron injection occurs at the cathode interface to a narrower region is the key factor for achieving a highly improved RS performance, which can be achieved by including the Ru-NDs. The development of a memory cell structure truly at the nanoscale with such a limiting factor ...
Pihlasalo Sari - - 2013
A novel easy-to-use homogeneous method utilizing two-photon excitation (TPX) for quantification of proteins or counting of eukaryotic cells in solution has been developed. This highly-sensitive technique is based on the adsorption competition between the sample and fluorescently labeled protein to micron-sized carboxylate modified polystyrene particles and detection of two-photon excited ...
Adegbaju Dapo Adebowale - - 2013
PURPOSE: Bipolar affective disorder (BAD) and schizophrenia are two severe psychotic conditions that are associated with disability. The present study was designed to compare the pattern of disability between clinically stable individuals with BAD and schizophrenia in a sub-Saharan mental health facility. METHODS: A total of 200 consecutive participants (made ...
Zhang Hongqi - - 2013
Objective: To use the finite element model of a Lenke 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patient to simulate four corrections (including anterior and posterior correction); to investigate the corrective effect of different surgical protocols; and to analyze the biomechanical stress and strain of the scoliotic spines. Methods: Four surgical strategies ...
Wren A W - - 2013
Glass polyalkenoate cements (GPCs) have exhibited potential as bone cements. This study investigates the effect of substituting TiO(2) for SiO(2) in the glass phase and the subsequent effect on cement rheology, mechanical properties, ion release and antibacterial properties. Glass characterization revealed a reduction in glass transition temperature (T ( g ...
Di Salvo A - - 2013
An increase in fish production has consequently brought an increase in infectious diseases in fish farms. The use of chemotherapic drugs is the most effective instrument against common bacterial agents. The number of registered drugs for use in aquaculture is limited and often veterinary practitioners resort to the off-label use ...
Sarilar Véronique - - 2013
The role played by whole-genome duplication (WGD) in evolution and adaptation is particularly well illustrated in allopolyploids, where WGD is concomitant with interspecific hybridization. This 'Genome Shock', usually accompanied by structural and functional modifications, has been associated with the activation of transposable elements (TEs). However, the impact of allopolyploidy on ...
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