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Gizer Ian R IR Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA. - - 2013
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States, and as a result, it is associated with significant public health costs. The present study sought to investigate whether item response theory (IRT) methods could be used to identify meaningful differences in how cannabis abuse and dependence symptoms ...
Guggenheim Jeremy A JA Centre for Myopia Research, School of Optometry, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong. - - 2013
To examine the extent to which the two major determinants of refractive error, corneal curvature and axial length, are scaled relative to one another by shared genetic variants, along with their relationship to the genetic scaling of height. Corneal curvature, axial length, and height were measured in unrelated 14- to ...
Abraham Amanda J AJ Department of Health Services Policy and Management, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA. - - 2013
Prior research suggests that publicly funded substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programs lag behind privately funded programs in adoption of evidence-based practices, resulting in disparities in access to high-quality SUD treatment. These disparities highlight a critical public health concern because the majority of SUD patients in the United States are ...
Ramo Danielle E DE Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA. - - 2013
We examined the frequency and intensity of tobacco use and thoughts about abstinence among young adults in the United States as a function of their use of marijuana. We hypothesized that heavier marijuana use would be associated with heavier tobacco use and fewer attempts to quit smoking, and we explored ...
Stappenbeck Cynthia A CA Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2013
Although alcohol consumption and sexual risk taking are associated, not everyone who drinks alcohol engages in risky sexual behavior. The purposes of the present study were to identify patterns of alcohol use behaviors and alcohol expectancies among women who are non-problem drinkers and to examine how these patterns are associated ...
Santos Fabio P S FP Hematology and Oncology Institute, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, - - 2013
Although the approval of the janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor ruxolitinib for therapy of patients with myelofibrosis represents an important step in the development of targeted therapy for these patients, JAK inhibitors do not eradicate the disease, and a review of novel agents with mechanisms of action complementary to JAK2 enzymatic ...
Waldron Mary M School of Education, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA. - - 2013
We examined history of alcoholism and occurrence and timing of separation in parents of a female twin cohort. Parental separation (never-together; never-married cohabitants who separated; married who separated) was predicted from maternal and paternal alcoholism in 326 African ancestry (AA) and 1,849 European/ other ancestry (EA) families. Broad (single-informant, reported ...
Cornejo Marco M Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Chile. - - 2013
The objective of this study is to describe the oral health status and the factors associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in people aged 65 and older institutionalized in Barcelona in 2009. [corrected] Cross sectional study in 194 elderly. The dependent variable was poor OHRQoL, according to the ...
Wang Ningkun N Program in Chemical Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United - - 2013
Like many coactivators, the GACKIX domain of the master coactivator CBP/p300 recognizes transcriptional activators of diverse sequence composition via dynamic binding surfaces. The conformational dynamics of GACKIX that underlie its function also render it especially challenging for structural characterization. We have found that the ligand discovery strategy of Tethering is ...
Wang Yihua Y Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2013
Myosin powers contraction in heart and skeletal muscle and is a leading target for mutations implicated in inheritable muscle diseases. During contraction, myosin transduces ATP free energy into the work of muscle shortening against resisting force. Muscle shortening involves relative sliding of myosin and actin filaments. Skeletal actin filaments were ...
Shih Han H Department of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue School of Engineering and Technology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), 723 W. Michigan St., SL220, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, - - 2013
Interfacial visible light-mediated thiol-ene photoclick reactions were developed for preparing step-growth hydrogels with multilayer structures. The effect of a noncleavage type photoinitiator eosin-Y on visible-light-mediated thiol-ene photopolymerization was first characterized using in situ photorheometry, gel fraction, and equilibrium swelling ratio. Next, spectrophotometric properties of eosin-Y in the presence of various ...
Spahn Elizabeth E Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, United - - 2013
A library of iridium and rhodium phosphine catalysts have been screened for the double-asymmetric hydrogenation of 2,6-di-(1-phenylethenyl)-4-methylaniline to produce the C2-symmetric aniline precursor of the N-heterocyclic carbenoid CuIPhEt. The best catalyst produced the desired enantiomer in 98.6% selectivity. This rare example of a highly selective hydrogenation of a 1,1-diaryl olefin ...
Sun Zhongyuan Z Department of Biomedical Engineering, 4 Colby Street, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, United - - 2013
The chimeric proteins, silk-elastin-like protein polymers (SELPs), consist of repeating units of silk and elastin to retain the mechanical strength of silk, while incorporating the dynamic environmental sensitivity of elastin. A retinal-modified SELP was prepared, modified, and studied for photodynamic responses. The protein was designed, cloned, expressed, and purified with ...
Shih Han - - 2013
The utility of visible-light-mediated polymerization in tissue engineering has been limited due to the necessary use of potentially cytotoxic coinitiator and comonomer. Here, we report a visible-light-mediated thiol-ene hydrogelation scheme using eosin-Y as the only photoinitiator. Under visible light exposure, rapid and highly tunable step-growth gelation is achieved using PEG-norbornene ...
Wang Yucai Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, United - - 2013
Gold nanohexapods represent a novel class of optically tunable nanostructures consisting of an octahedral core and six arms grown on its vertices. By controlling the length of the arms, their localized surface plasmon resonance peaks could be tuned from the visible to the near-infrared region for deep penetration of light ...
Meguro Ayuko A Biotechnology Research Center, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Tokyo 113-8657, - - 2013
Digging up skeletons: We report the identification and the functional characterization of two terpene cyclases (DtcycA and DtcycB) that were mined from the genome of Streptomyces sp. SANK 60404. DtcycA and DtcycB are novel bacterial diterpene cyclases for the synthesis of the cembrane skeleton.
Sapra Aparna A Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, - - 2013
The finding that arsenic trioxide is an effective treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia has renewed interest in the pharmacological uses of inorganic and organic arsenicals. Here we synthesized and characterized the reactivity of an arsenical-maleimide (As-Mal) that can be efficiently conjugated to exposed cysteine residues in peptides and proteins with ...
Zern Blaine J BJ Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United - - 2013
Targeting nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with drugs and probes to precise locations in the body may improve the treatment and detection of many diseases. Generally, to achieve targeting, affinity ligands are introduced on the surface of NPs that can bind to molecules present on the cell of interest. Optimization of ligand ...
Odalovic Marina - - 2013
Background Drug use in pregnancy is often reason of concern for mothers and their physicians. However, only few studies investigated predictors of drug use in pregnancy. Objectives To examine maternal characteristics as predictors of medication use in the 6 months before pregnancy and during the first 6 months of pregnancy. To examine ...
Hancke E - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this randomized non-blinded study was to assess the pain management after hemorrhoidectomy using patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study following Ferguson hemorrhoidectomy 38 patients were administered either standard pain management with oral non-steroidal analgesics (control n = 18) or additional PCA with piritramid intravenously by ...
Jiménez Caballero Pedro Enrique - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are at increased risk for cerebrovascular diseases. The underlying mechanisms remain obscure. It may occur through a reduction in cerebral vascular reactivity. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is effective in reducing the occurrence of apneas. We hypothesized that treatment with CPAP improves ...
Pennathur Priyadarshini R - - 2013
We describe different sources of hazards from cardiovascular operating room (CVOR) technologies, how hazards propagate in the CVOR and their impact on cognitive processes. Previous studies have examined hazards from poor design of a specific CVOR technology. However, the impact of different CVOR technologies functioning in context is not clearly ...
Hulsmann Anthon R - - 2013
Although most skin lesions in neonates are transient or benign, they may also be the presenting symptom of a life-threatening disease such as herpes neonatorum. In the present review, we present a short overview of neonatal skin lesions and a practical table to guide the general paediatrician in the diagnosis ...
Pharikronburee Vannapha - - 2013
PhSCF(2)SiMe(3) () underwent fluoride-catalyzed nucleophilic addition to the carbonyl group of anhydrides to provide the corresponding γ-difluoro(phenylsulfanyl)methyl γ-lactols, which were employed for the synthesis of γ-difluoromethylated γ-lactams.
Zhang Mian - - 2013
Autophagy is a cell protective mechanism for maintaining cellular homeostasis. The present study aimed to investigate whether autophagy is enhanced in the biomechanically induced degenerative cartilage of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the potential role of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 3 (MAP4K3) and mammalian Target of rapamycin (mTOR) ...
Liu Weifeng - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Hibernoma is a benign neoplasm comprised of brown fat and characteristic hibernoma cells often occurring in adults with proximal extremity/truncal predilection. Limited reports regarding imaging appearance and clinicopathological features of this rare tumor are available. Four histological subtypes have been described. We present nine patients with hibernoma evaluating preoperative ...
Bhat Rukhmi - - 2013
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is an important cause of chronic portal hypertension in children. Although usually idiopathic in etiology, genetic and acquired thrombophilia have been implicated in EHPVO. Meso-Rex bypass is increasingly used to treat EHPVO in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the ...
Schulz Margot - - 2013
The allelopathic potency of rye (Secale cereale L.) is due mainly to the presence of phytotoxic benzoxazinones-compounds whose biosynthesis is developmentally regulated, with the highest accumulation in young tissue and a dependency on cultivar and environmental influences. Benzoxazinones can be released from residues of greenhouse-grown rye at levels between 12 ...
Schulz M - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic leucodepletion plays an established role in the initial treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and possibly other leukaemias presenting with leucostasis. Recently, a new leucodepletion technology, Spectra Optia IDL, has become available that differs from its predecessor, COBE Spectra MNC, by a variety of ...
Kido Tomoyuki - - 2013
Background: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) induces relative hypoperfusion in significantly stenotic coronary arteries, but its effect on myocardial strain has not been used clinically for the detection of ischemia. The purpose of this study was to quantify ATP-stress-induced contractile impairment as altered myocardial strain in coronary artery disease (CAD) using tagged magnetic ...
Lin Yueqiong - - 2013
Clinical trials frequently involve pairwise comparisons of different treatments to evaluate their relative efficacy. In this study, we examine methods for conducting pairwise tests of treatments with ordered categorical responses. A modified version of the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test based on a logistic regression model assuming proportional odds is a popular choice ...
Remagni Maria Chiara - - 2013
Milk and dairy products play an important role in a healthy diet because of their high nutritional value, even if they represent a source of lipids and cholesterol. Nowadays, some commercially hypocholesterolemic products are available, which contain lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Therefore, the aims of this study were to test ...
Yamaguchi Koji - - 2013
In order to evaluate the relationship between the in vitro and in vivo potency of sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) inhibitors, a pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) study was performed using normal rats. A highly selective SGLT2 inhibitor, tofogliflozin, and four other inhibitors with different in vitro inhibition potency to SGLT2 and selectivity ...
Li Hui - - 2013
Sophorolipids (SLs) were synthesized by Wickerhamiella domercqiae var. sophorolipid CGMCC 1576 grown on fish oil and glucose. They were purified using preparative HPLC and their structures were identified by MS/MS. The yields of total and lactonic SLs were 47 and 19 g l(-1) in shake-flasks when fish oil 4 % (v/v) was used ...
Ishikawa Takeshi - - 2013
To examine the stabilities and binding characteristics, fragment molecular orbital (FMO) calculations were performed for the two binding modes of hen egg-white lysozyme with tri-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (tri-NAG). Solvent effects were considered using an explicit solvent model. For comparison with the computational results, we experimentally determined the enthalpic contribution of the binding ...
Shreck Erica - - 2013
PURPOSE AND BACKGROUND: The relationship between risk perceptions and diabetes self-care remains ambiguous. This study aimed to assess baseline, 1-year follow-up, and change score relationships among perceived risk, diabetes self-care, and glycemic control for adult individuals participating in a behavioral intervention that improved glycemic control relative to the active control. ...
Saitz Theodore R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Renal hypothermia is commonly utilized during nephron sparing surgery to minimize ischemic tissue damage. We propose a method to induce renal hypothermia using continuous retrograde irrigation of iced saline via dual-lumen ureteral catheter. We will report results in an ex vivo porcine model followed by clinical outcomes in a ...
Zhao Xiang - - 2013
Ca(2+) plays a pivotal role in nitric oxide (NO)-promoted stomatal closure. However, the function of Ca(2+) in NO inhibition of blue light (BL)-induced stomatal opening remains largely unknown. Here, we analyzed the role of Ca(2+) in the crosstalk between BL and NO signaling in Vicia faba L. guard cells. Extracellular ...
Svvs Ramanjaneyulu - - 2013
Doxorubicin (DOX), a potent chemotherapeutic agent, is widely used for the treatment of various malignancies. However, its clinical uses are limited due to its dose-dependent adverse effects particularly cardiac and testicular toxicities. DOX-induced toxicity is mainly due to the induction of oxidative stress. Atorvastatin (ATV), a 3-hydroxy 3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme ...
Balestracci Alejandro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Platelet transfusions should be avoided in children with post-diarrheal hemolytic uremic syndrome (D + HUS) because they might increase microthrombi formation, thereby aggravating the disease. As this possibility has not yet been explored, we investigated whether platelet transfusion in patients with D + HUS would lead to a worse ...
Ando N - - 2013
The reconstruction of mechanisms behind odour-tracking behaviours of animals is expected to enable the development of biomimetic robots capable of adaptive behaviour and effectively locating odour sources. However, because the behavioural mechanisms of animals have not been extensively studied, their behavioural capabilities cannot be verified. In this study, we have ...
Dudareva Natalia - - 2013
1 I. 1 II. 7 III. 8 IV. 10 V. 12 13 References 13 SUMMARY: Plants synthesize an amazing diversity of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that facilitate interactions with their environment, from attracting pollinators and seed dispersers to protecting themselves from pathogens, parasites and herbivores. Recent progress in -omics technologies ...
Zhang Xiao-Yong - - 2013
This study describes the diversity and antibacterial activity of culturable actinobacteria isolated from five species of gorgonian corals (Echinogorgia aurantiaca, Melitodes squamata, Muricella flexuosa, Subergorgia suberosa, and Verrucella umbraculum) collected in shallow water of the South China Sea. A total of 123 actinobacterial isolates were recovered using ten different isolation ...
Taber David J - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the impact of pre-existing diabetes mellitus (DM) on acute rejection, graft loss, and mortality following kidney transplant and whether glycemic control or cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk control with medications influenced outcomes. This was a cohort study of 1002 renal transplants conducted between ...
Kumpf Matthias - - 2013
Mulibrey nanism (MUL) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with severe primordial growth retardation and multiorgan involvement, caused by mutations in TRIM37. Early clinical detection is important since more than 50 % of the patients develop congestive heart failure. We report a 12-year-old patient who presented in infancy with severe growth ...
Fismen Lise - - 2013
Nitric oxide (NO) seems to be related to bubble formation and endothelial dysfunction resulting in decompression sickness. Bubble formation can be affected by aerobic exercise or manipulating NO. A prior heat stress (HS) has been shown to confer protection against decompression sickness in rats. An important question was if the ...
Wang Li-Ping - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to determine whether the current staging system for stage III colorectal cancer (CRC) is appropriate and to assess the value of the metastatic lymph node ratio (LNR) in predicting the prognosis of patients with stage III CRC. METHODS: From 2000 to 2006 ...
Yokomichi Noriyuki - - 2013
PEGL-DOX is an excellent treatment for recurrent ovarian cancer that rarely causes side-effects like cardiotoxicity or hair loss, but frequently results in Hand-Foot Syndrome (HFS). In severe cases, it can become necessary to reduce the PEGL-DOX concentration or the duration of the drug therapy, sometimes making it difficult to continue ...
Tsujimoto Satoshi - - 2013
This study aimed at investigating the effect of distraction on working memory and its underlying neural mechanisms in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To this end, we studied hemodynamic activity in the prefrontal cortex using near-infrared spectroscopy while 16 children with ADHD and 10 typically developing (TD) children performed a ...
Hultcrantz Elisabeth - - 2013
Tonsillotomy (TT) is now used more often than tonsillectomy (TE) for tonsil obstructive symptoms in Sweden. Both TE and TT give high patient satisfaction although TT results in fewer postoperative bleedings and shorter time when analgesics are needed. The objective of this study is to analyze the current prevalence of ...
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