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Cornejo Marco M Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Chile. - - 2013
The objective of this study is to describe the oral health status and the factors associated with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in people aged 65 and older institutionalized in Barcelona in 2009. [corrected] Cross sectional study in 194 elderly. The dependent variable was poor OHRQoL, according to the ...
Noel Pierre - - 2013
In 2012, idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is still the prevalent diagnosis in patients with persistent eosinophilia, in which a primary or secondary cause of eosinophilia has not been identified. HES is considered a provisional diagnosis until a primary or secondary cause of hypereosinophilia is established. The discovery of imatinib-sensitive fusion ...
Abid Shadaan - - 2013
The Y-chromosome-encoded gene RBMY (RNA-binding motif on Y) is a male germline RNA-binding protein and is postulated to be a RNA-splicing regulator. In order to understand the roles of RBMY in different stages of male gamete maturation, the present study aimed at determining its cellular expression during spermatogenesis, spermeogenesis and ...
Tsui Judith I JI Clinical Addiction Research and Education (CARE) Unit, Section of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between risky drinking amounts and serum aminotransferase levels in HIV-infected adults with and without hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In a prospective cohort of HIV-infected adults with current or past alcohol problems, we assessed whether drinking risky amounts (as defined ...
Ma Yanping - - 2013
Transcription of human cytomegalovirus UL/b' region has been studied extensively for some genes. In this study, transcripts of the UL140 and UL141, two of the UL/b' genes, were identified in late RNAs of three HCMV isolates using Northern blot hybridization, cDNA library screening and RACE-PCR. At least three transcripts with ...
Prasanth N - - 2013
A palindrome is a set of characters that reads the same forwards and backwards. Since the discovery of palindromic peptide sequences two decades ago, little effort has been made to understand its structural, functional and evolutionary significance. Therefore, in view of this, an algorithm has been developed to identify all ...
Gui Ping - - 2013
To investigate the efficacy of esmolol in protecting the myocardium from ischemia during pediatric cardiac surgery. Esmolol, an ultra-short acting beta 1-adrenoceptor blocker, reduces myocardial injury in adult cardiac operations. However, this technique is rarely used in pediatric cardiac surgery. Thirty children with ventricular septal defect were randomly allocated to ...
Fuchs Ephraim - - 2013
To review the data supporting the use of alternative donors for hematopoietic cell transplantation of patients with high-risk or advanced hematological malignancies. Advances in supportive therapy and technology have improved the safety and efficacy of alternative donors for hematopoietic cell transplantation. Molecular techniques have allowed for better human leukocyte antigen ...
Niyadurupola Nuwan - - 2013
The aim of our study was to determine whether IOP lowering in glaucomatous and ocular hypertensive (OHT) eyes leads to an improvement in the full-field photopic negative response (PhNR) of the electroretinogram. A prospective nonrandomized interventional cohort study was conducted. Patients with OHT or glaucomatous optic neuropathy were recruited, and ...
Shapiro Brad J BJ Department of Psychiatry and Family and Community Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
Promethazine has been reported to be misused in conjunction with opioids in several settings. Promethazine misuse by itself or in conjunction with opioids may have serious adverse health effects. To date, no prevalence data for the nonmedical use of promethazine have been reported. This study examines the prevalence and correlates ...
Monickaraj Finny - - 2013
Telomere shortening is emerging as a biological indicator of accelerated aging and aging-related diseases including type 2 diabetes. While telomere length measurements were largely done in white blood cells, there is lack of studies on telomere length in relation to oxidative stress in target tissues affected in diabetes. Therefore, the ...
Stappenbeck Cynthia A CA Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2013
Although alcohol consumption and sexual risk taking are associated, not everyone who drinks alcohol engages in risky sexual behavior. The purposes of the present study were to identify patterns of alcohol use behaviors and alcohol expectancies among women who are non-problem drinkers and to examine how these patterns are associated ...
Agarwal Shvetank - - 2013
The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of continuous ropivacaine infusion of into the sternal wound. We planned to enroll 200 patients scheduled for various cardiac surgical procedures into the study. Patients, in a double-blind randomized fashion, were given either ...
Kubal Timothy - - 2013
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a devastating disease, in which the majority of afflicted patients eventually experience relapse and die from their disease. Clinical and molecular characterization of the disease have greatly aided in prognostication in both primary and relapsed settings, which may broadly guide therapy, but truly effective standards ...
Silvestri Mark M - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Objective: Drinking games contribute to heavy drinking on college campuses because the rules often result in rapid alcohol consumption and increased risk of negative consequences. The current study used the Simulated Drinking Game Procedure (SDGP) to observe and describe drinking game behavior under controlled laboratory conditions. Method: Participants (N ...
Muthuraju Sangu - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes significant mortality in most developing countries worldwide. At present, it is imperative to identify a treatment to address the devastating post-TBI consequences. Therefore, the present study has been performed to assess the specific effect of immediate exposure to normabaric hyperoxia (NBO) after fluid percussion injury ...
Manasson Julia - - 2013
To investigate whether high glucose (HG) alters expression of connexin 30.2 (Cx30.2) and influences gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) in retinal endothelial cells and promotes vascular lesions characteristic of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Western blot analysis and immunostaining were performed to determine Cx30.2 protein expression and localization in rat retinal endothelial ...
Abraham Amanda J AJ Department of Health Services Policy and Management, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA. - - 2013
Prior research suggests that publicly funded substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programs lag behind privately funded programs in adoption of evidence-based practices, resulting in disparities in access to high-quality SUD treatment. These disparities highlight a critical public health concern because the majority of SUD patients in the United States are ...
Guggenheim Jeremy A JA Centre for Myopia Research, School of Optometry, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong. - - 2013
To examine the extent to which the two major determinants of refractive error, corneal curvature and axial length, are scaled relative to one another by shared genetic variants, along with their relationship to the genetic scaling of height. Corneal curvature, axial length, and height were measured in unrelated 14- to ...
Frutos Ma Dolores - - 2013
: The use of single-incision laparoscopic surgery may represent an improvement over conventional laparoscopic surgery. In recent years, more and more articles have been published demonstrating the feasibility of this approach. Hence, for this reason, we present this randomized prospective study to compare the 2 techniques. : Between September 2009 ...
Hayden Jacob - - 2013
Vacuolar protein sorting 1 (Vps1), the yeast homolog to human dynamin, is a GTP hydrolyzing protein, which plays an important role in protein sorting and targeting between the Golgi and late endosomal compartments. In this study, we assessed the functional significance of Vps1 in the membrane traffic towards the vacuole. ...
Goldstein Abby L - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between childhood maltreatment and alcohol use disorders (AUDs), treatment utilization, and barriers to treatment in a national sample of emerging adults. Multiple types of maltreatment were examined, including childhood emotional abuse and neglect. Method: The analyses are based ...
Kavas Aysegul - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Raloxifene (Ral) on degeneration-related changes in osteoarthritis (OA)-like chondrocytes using two- and three-dimensional models. Five-azacytidine (Aza-C) was used to induce OA-like alterations in rat articular chondrocytes and the model was verified at molecular and macrolevels. Chondrocytes were treated with ...
Higgins Janine A - - 2013
Resistant starch represents a diverse range of indigestible starch-based dietary carbohydrates. Resistant starch has been investigated in the past for its effects on bowel health (pH, epithelial thickness, and apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells); reduction in postprandial glycemia; increased insulin sensitivity; and effects on the gut microbiome. This review highlights ...
Areesantichai Chitlada - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Objective: An intervention to reduce the average alcohol intake and the number of drinking days in risky drinkers was conducted in a quasi-experimental study in two communities (intervention and control communities) in Lop Buri Province, Thailand. Method: The participants were risky drinkers (with scores ranging from 8 through 19 ...
Murray Ian J - - 2013
We investigated the effect of daily supplementation with lutein (L) capsules on macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and visual acuity (VA) in patients with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-center investigation of the effects of L supplementation in early AMD was conducted. The duration of the ...
Liu Hongtao - - 2013
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) can be curative for myeloid malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Advancements in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing and supportive care have improved the risk-benefit ratio for SCT, expanding its indications. Allogeneic SCT is an established treatment for AML with intermediate-risk and high-risk cytogenetics ...
Waldron Mary M School of Education, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA. - - 2013
We examined history of alcoholism and occurrence and timing of separation in parents of a female twin cohort. Parental separation (never-together; never-married cohabitants who separated; married who separated) was predicted from maternal and paternal alcoholism in 326 African ancestry (AA) and 1,849 European/ other ancestry (EA) families. Broad (single-informant, reported ...
Lima Carlos Tadeu - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Objective: To assess the association between high job strain and drinking behaviors among bank workers. Method: A crosssectional study was performed in 1,080 Brazilian bank employees. Participants completed a self-reported questionnaire, including the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test to assess hazardous drinking (HZD). Alcohol-related disorders (ARDs) were assessed using ...
Wang Jingjing - - 2013
Seeding dispersal is an active detachment exhibit in aging Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm. Yet, effect factors of this process in the biofilm of clinical isolated mucoid P. aeruginosa strain remain to be better characterized. In our previous work, one mucoid P. earuginosa strain PA17 was isolated from a patient with recurrent ...
Brunet Salut - - 2013
Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) traditionally classified as having an intermediate cytogenetic risk [mostly cytogenetically normal AML (CN-AML)] really include a significant proportion of cases with a poor outcome. This is based on the molecular findings at diagnosis, mainly the presence of internal tandem duplication in the FMS-like tyrosine ...
Durand Christine M - - 2013
We will review the evidence that hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is well tolerated and effective in HIV-1-infected individuals with high-risk hematologic malignancies. We will discuss the challenges of using blood and marrow transplant strategies in this population, as well as the potential impact that hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has on ...
Mathia S - - 2013
Von Hippel-Lindau protein (VHL) provides the degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). Tetracycline-induced, Pax8-rtTA-based knockout of VHL (VHL-KO) affects all renal tubules and periportal hepatocytes and leads to sustained upregulation of HIF. Here, we study the phenotype of VHL-KO in both organs, the time course of changes, and long-term morpho-functional outcome. ...
Yamamoto Takayuki - - 2013
Diet is known to have a major role in the expression of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The role of dietary interventions and enteral nutrition in the management of IBD remains unelucidated. This study was to review the current evidence for dietary risk factors for the development of IBD and the ...
Gizer Ian R IR Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA. - - 2013
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the United States, and as a result, it is associated with significant public health costs. The present study sought to investigate whether item response theory (IRT) methods could be used to identify meaningful differences in how cannabis abuse and dependence symptoms ...
Søndergaard Anders P - - 2013
We evaluated whether UVA-riboflavin collagen cross-linking (CXL) reduces stromal swelling pressure (SP) in porcine and human corneas ex vivo. Porcine corneas (N = 35) were divided into five groups: Full-thickness buttons, riboflavin-treated buttons, CXL-treated buttons, riboflavin-treated anterior and posterior lamellae, and CXL-treated anterior and posterior lamellae. Riboflavin- or CXL-treated human ...
- - 2013
After general, epidural or spinal anaesthesia, all patients should be recovered in a specially designated area (henceforth 'post-anaesthesia care unit', PACU) that complies with the standards and recommendations described in this document. The anaesthetist must formally hand over the care of a patient to an appropriately trained and registered PACU ...
Wang Xiaocou - - 2013
Infants are potentially more susceptible to brain injury mediated via cell death attributed to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) especially with prolonged hypothermic low flow (HLF). We hypothesized that a human urinary protease inhibitor (ulinastatin), by its anti-inflammatory effect, would reduce central nervous system (CNS) injury during HLF. Fifteen general-type infant piglets ...
Landi Lorenza - - 2013
The mesenchymal-epidermal transition (c-MET) receptor tyrosine kinase has a central role in the cancer cell's survival. MET and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), have recently been identified as promising targets in solid tumors, including nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Aberrant MET activation can be the result of different mechanisms such ...
Lee Kwanghyun - - 2013
Mammalian SFMBTs have been considered to be polycomb group repressors. However, molecular mechanisms underlying mammalian SFMBTs-mediated gene regulation and their biological function have not been characterized. In the present study, we identified YY1 and methylated histones as interacting proteins of human SFMBT2. We also found that human SFMBT2 binds preferentially ...
Goncy Elizabeth A EA Clark-Hill Institute for Positive Youth Development, Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA. - - 2013
This study examined the location and time of adolescent use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana. Age, gender, and racial differences in location and time of use were studied for each substance. Using cross-sectional data collected through the schoolwide Pride Survey, 20,055 students between the ages of 10 and 19 years ...
Radakovic Milena - - 2013
Amitraz is formamidine pesticide widely used as insecticide and acaricide. In veterinary medicine, amitraz has important uses against ticks, mites and lice on animals. Also, amitraz is used in apiculture to control Varroa destructor. It this study, the alkaline Comet assay was used to evaluate DNA damaging effects of amitraz ...
Bismuth Henri - - 2013
: Since the development of liver surgery, several descriptions of liver anatomical division and hepatectomies have been made, causing some confusion among surgeons. : The initial anatomical description according to Couinaud is reviewed and corrected taking into account the descriptions made in the following decades. : It seems that by ...
Ames Genevieve M GM Prevention Research Center of Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, California 94704, USA. - - 2013
A body of research has established that lower socioeconomic populations, including blue-collar workers, are at higher risk for problem drinking and intimate partner violence. This study of married/cohabiting construction workers and their spouses/partners describes how work stressors, hazardous drinking, and couple characteristics interact to influence normative beliefs around partner violence ...
Billmeier Sarah E - - 2013
: To assess factors associated with nursing home admission, severe functional impairment, or death 1 year after surgery for stage I-IIIa non-small cell lung cancer. : Patients perceive long-term disability to be one of the most undesirable complications of lung cancer treatment. : A multiregional cohort was surveyed 12 months ...
Guerette Rob T - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Objective: Research in the area of bystander intervention in the prevention of alcohol-impaired driving (AID) has mostly focused on the influence of existing factors (such as status or relationships) on the likelihood of intervening and has relied mostly on samples of college-age students. It remains unknown whether exposure to ...
Schuckit Marc A MA Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. - - 2013
Although heavy drinking is related to sadness on multiple levels, the link between alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and major depressive episodes (MDEs) is more controversial. One complicating factor is that some MDEs are temporary and only occur in the context of heavy drinking, whereas other MDEs are longer lasting and ...
Miskovic Danilo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To develop, validate, and implement a competency assessment tool (CAT) for technical surgical performance in the context of a summative assessment process for the National Training Programme in Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery (NTP). BACKGROUND:: The NTP is an educational initiative by the National Cancer Action Team in England to safely ...
Singer Pierre - - 2013
Recent studies on the optimal modalities to feed patients during the ICU stay show divergent results. The level and the timing of energy provision is a critical issue, associated with the clinical outcome. These results questioned the clinical relevance of the recent guidelines issued by American, Canadian and European academic ...
Ramo Danielle E DE Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA. - - 2013
We examined the frequency and intensity of tobacco use and thoughts about abstinence among young adults in the United States as a function of their use of marijuana. We hypothesized that heavier marijuana use would be associated with heavier tobacco use and fewer attempts to quit smoking, and we explored ...
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