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Results 451 - 500 of 2964
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Pratheesh Ravindran - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the incidence, predictors, early post-operative course of diabetes insipidus (DI) in paediatric craniopharyngiomas(CP) and compare the findings with adults. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical, biochemical, radiological and operative data for 102 consecutive CP surgeries (45 paediatric and 57 adult cases) was done. Bivariate and ...
Damon Coralie - - 2013
The yeast two-hybrid system is a powerful tool for detecting binary protein interactions, widely used in large-scale interactome mapping. We modified two yeast strains commonly used in yeast two-hybrid experiments by integrating into their genomes a new reporter gene encoding the enhanced yellow fluorescent protein eYFP. The suitability of this ...
Zhang Qi - - 2013
A systematic theoretical study on the Rh-catalyzed oxidative Heck-coupling of phenol carbamates with alkenes is carried out. Two possible mechanisms (i.e. arene activation-first and alkene activation-first mechanisms) are examined. As to the C-H activation step, four mechanisms including oxidative addition, electrophilic substitution, concerted metallation-deprotonation (CMD), and σ-bond metathesis are evaluated. ...
Cai Shan-Jun - - 2013
To analyze the association between Eales disease, histocompatibility leukocyte antigen alleles (HLA-A/B, HLA-DRB/DQB) and tuberculosis infection, and to explore susceptible genes and protective genes associated with Eales disease and tuberculosis infection in a population of Han nationals from Zunyi City in Guizhou Province, China. The subjects were analyzed by a ...
Solanki Guirish A - - 2013
Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA), also known as Morquio-Brailsford or Morquio A syndrome, is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme N-acetyl-galactosamine-6-sulphate sulphatase (GALNS). MPS IVA is multisystemic but manifests primarily as a progressive skeletal dysplasia. Spinal involvement is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in ...
Jiang Yeqing - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) to detect changes in the sacroiliac joint regions after infliximab (an anti-TNF-α blocker) treatment in active axial ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. A total of 110 sacroiliac joints in 55 patients with active AS were ...
Crino Peter B - - 2013
Over the past decade, there have been numerous advances in our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Following the identification of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes, a link to regulatory control of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has paved the way for new ...
Ramos P - - 2013
In this article, we describe spontaneous melanotic lesions in the skin of axillary seabream, Pagellus acarne (Risso), from a defined area of the Portuguese Coast, located in Cabo da Roca and Foz do Arelho. The lesions corresponded to the black pigmentation spots on the skin of the head, fins, lips ...
Stiehler Maik M Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus at Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, Building 29, 01307, Dresden, Germany. - - 2013
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of imageless computer-assisted surgery (CAS) on the accuracy of positioning of the femoral component and on the short-term clinical outcome in hip resurfacing (HR) using a randomised prospective design. A total of 75 consecutive patients undergoing HR were randomly allocated ...
Kottalanka Ravi K - - 2013
We report here a series of heavier alkaline earth metal complexes with a phosphinoselenoic amide ligand using two synthetic routes. In the first route, the heavier alkaline earth metal bis(trimethylsilyl)amides [M{N(SiMe(3))(2)}(2)(THF)(n)] (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) were treated with phosphinoselenoic amine [Ph(2)P(Se)NH(CHPh(2))] (), prepared by the treatment of bulky phosphinamines ...
Zhou Tian-Biao - - 2013
Abstract The roles of apolipoprotein E (apoE) in regulating plasma lipids and lipoproteins levels have been investigated for over several decades. However, in different tissues/cells, the role of apoE was different, such as that it was a risk factor for cancer, but some reports stated that apoE was a protective ...
Suárez N M - - 2013
Many studies presenting genetic analysis of dog breeds have been conducted without the inclusion of island dog breeds, although isolation can be one of the main factors in their origin. Here we report the genetic analysis at the nuclear and mitochondrial DNA levels of five Canary Island dog breeds (Canarian ...
Saba E E 1] AIDS Immunopathogenesis Unit, Division of Immunology, Transplantation and Infectious Diseases, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milano, Italy [2] Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, School of Medicine, Milano, - - 2013
Cervical tissue explants (CTEs) from 22 HIV-1 seronegative women were exposed to R5 HIV-1 ex vivo. Eight CTEs were productively infected in terms of HIV-1 p24Gag release in culture supernatants, whereas 14 were not. Nonetheless, both accumulation of HIV-1gag DNA and of p24Gag(+) CD4(+) T cells and macrophages occurred in ...
Pauly Franziska - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A known HIV status is the most important step in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and screening for HIV is recommended by German prenatal guidelines. In our study, we wanted to ascertain the prevalence of HIV-testing in a pregnant inner-city cohort. METHODS: Prenatal records of 279 women were prospectively ...
Cho Byungjin - - 2013
A nonvolatile analog memory transistor is demonstrated by integrating C60 molecules as charge storage molecules in the transistor gate, and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the transistor channel. The currents through the CNT channel can be tuned quantitatively and reversibly to analog values by controlling the number of electrons trapped in ...
van Rijssen Jolanda - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: It was assessed whether a post-graduate communication skills training course would increase physicians' competence and knowledge with regard to communication during work disability assessment interviews, and would change the determinants of their communication behaviour. Methods: A randomised controlled trial was performed. At baseline and at follow-up, 42 physicians ...
Ito Mikiko - - 2013
We propose a depth-of-interaction (DOI)-encoding method to extract continuous DOI information using a single-layer scintillation crystal array with single-ended readout for cost-effective high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET). DOI information is estimated by different light dispersions along the x- and y-directions tailored by the geometric shape of reflectors around the crystals. ...
Mutters N T - - 2013
PURPOSE: The rates of vancomycin resistance among enterococci (VRE) have been increasing worldwide. However, reports on vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are easily biased and meta-data reporting is insufficient. Additionally, no standardised protocol for VRE testing currently exists. The aim of our study was to investigate, for the first time, the impact ...
Delchev Vassil B - - 2013
We performed a theoretical investigation, at the CC2/aug-cc-pVDZ level, of the ring-deformation mechanisms of four guanine tautomers (oxo, hydroxy, N9H, and N7H). The study showed that the optimized conical intersections S(0)/S(1) are accessible through the (1)ππ* excited states of tautomers. The optimized conical intersections S(0)/S(1), which show deformation at the ...
Balconi Michela - - 2013
The ability to recall and recognize facts we experienced in the past is based on a complex mechanism in which several cerebral regions are implicated. Neuroimaging and lesion studies agree in identifying the frontal lobe as a crucial structure for memory processes, and in particular for working memory and episodic ...
Krejsa Cecile M - - 2013
Abstract Non-human primates may be the only relevant species for pharmacology or toxicology studies of certain biologics, due to lack of activity in other species. Flow cytometry immunophenotyping is often included as a minimally invasive adjunct to standard toxicity testing. A retrospective inter-laboratory analysis was conducted to assess counts and ...
Perera Ruwan K - - 2013
cAMP is an ubiquitous second messenger critically involved in the regulation of heart function. It has been shown to act in discrete subcellular signalling compartments formed by differentially localized receptors, phosphodiesterases and protein kinases. Cardiac diseases such as hypertrophy or heart failure are associated with structural and functional remodelling of ...
Feng Zaiping - - 2013
The gene coding for ribose-5-phosphate isomerase (Rpi) from Thermotoga lettingae TMO was cloned and expressed in E. coli. The recombinant enzyme was purified by Ni-affinity chromatography. It converted D-psicose to D-allose maximally at 75 °C and pH 8.0 with a 32 % conversion yield. The k (m), turnover number (k (cat)), and ...
Ohtomo Takayuki - - 2013
Acyl-CoA thioesterases (Acots) are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of fatty acyl-CoAs to free fatty acids and coenzyme A, and have the potential to regulate the intracellular levels of these molecules. In this study, we show that a cytosolic isoform, Acot1, is expressed and distributed in immature adipocytes located in ...
Athersuch Toby J - - 2013
Abstract 1. A novel stepwise classification approach for predicting the metabolic fate of substituted anilines, based on calculated physicochemical parameters of the parent anilines, was developed. Based on multivariate pattern recognition methods (PLS-DA or soft independent modelling of class analogy [SIMCA]), these models allowed prediction of N-acetylation and subsequent N-oxanilic ...
Ke Kaifu - - 2013
αB-crystallin (αBC) is involved in diverse cellular activities. Previous studies demonstrated that αBC had anti-apoptotic and proliferation-promoting effects in multiple diseases. Here, we explored the αBC's roles in the pathophysiology of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). An ICH rat model was established and assessed by behavioral tests. Using Western blot and immunohistochemistry, ...
Wang Fang - - 2013
Here we show a bias-mediated electron/energy transfer process at the CQDs-TiO(2) interface for the dynamic modulation of opto-electronic properties. Different energy and electron transfer states have been observed in the CQDs-TNTs system due to the up-conversion photoluminescence and the electron donation/acceptance properties of the CQDs decorated on TNTs.
Buske C - - 2013
Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) is very distinct from other indolent lymphoma subtypes: by definition it is accompanied by a monoclonal IgM gammopathy; it presents always with bone marrow infiltration and often with clinical symptoms such as neuropathy or hyperviscosity. These disease characteristics and the frequently advanced age of the WM patient ...
Levin E - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite long being a mainstay in describing platelet activation via degranulation, interlaboratory variation remains an issue in measurement of membrane CD62P by flow cytometry. Our objective was to identify actions that may minimize this variation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen laboratories participated in an international comparative study. Two ...
Chen Dongcheng - - 2013
A new family of neutral alcohol-soluble small molecular materials comprised of electron-rich triphenylamine (TPA) and fluorene featuring phosphonate side chains (FEP) is reported, namely 3TPA-FEP, 2TPA-2FEP and TPA-3FEP, which have different TPA and FEP contents. Due to their good solubility in polar solvents like alcohol, multilayer devices can be fabricated ...
Hinchliffe Sally R - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Competing risks are a common occurrence in survival analysis. They arise when a patient is at risk of more than one mutually exclusive event, such as death from different causes, and the occurrence of one of these may prevent any other event from ever happening. METHODS: There are ...
Bate E - - 2013
Background: Starting medical school can be both exciting and daunting. This is particularly the case when the style of learning is different from that which has been experienced previously. For many students, their first experience of learning through a problem-based learning (PBL) approach is when they commence their medical student ...
Nedergaard Anders - - 2013
Abstract The controversy surrounding the results from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) trials published a decade ago caused a significant decline in the use of menopausal hormone replacement therapy. However, these results have been vehemently contested and several lines of evidence suggest that in perimenopausal and non-obese women, estrogen therapy ...
Koike Haruki - - 2013
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), and Wegener's granulomatosis are anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides that may affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems. In these diseases, the frequency of concomitant peripheral neuropathy is particularly high in MPA and CSS. As opposed to kidney and lung involvement, which may ...
Liu Zhanji - - 2013
Low genetic diversity makes peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) very vulnerable to plant pathogens, causing severe yield loss and reduced seed quality. Several hundred partial genomic DNA sequences as nucleotide-binding-site leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) resistance genes (R) have been identified, but a small portion with expressed transcripts has been found. We aimed ...
Jost Jürgen - - 2013
We study the effects of learning by imitating others within the framework of an iterated game in which the members of two complementary populations interact via random pairing at each round. This allows us to compare both the fitness of different strategies within a population and the performance of populations ...
Bockisch Christopher J - - 2013
Alexander's law, the eye position dependency of nystagmus due to peripheral vestibular lesions, has been hypothesized to occur due to adaptive changes in the brainstem velocity-to-position neural integrator in response to non-reciprocal vestibular stimulation. We investigated whether it develops during passive head rotations that produce constant nystagmus for >35 s. The yaw ...
Sapir-Pichhadze Ruth - - 2013
Detailed data on living donor age, and its interplay with recipient age, in predicting allograft and recipient outcomes are wanting. We used the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (2000-2009, n = 49 589) to assess the effect of living donor age on delayed graft function (DGF), total graft failure, death-censored graft failure, death ...
Travaglini Lorena L 1] IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, Mendel Laboratory San Giovanni Rotondo, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy [2] Unit of Molecular Medicine for Neuromuscular and Neurodegenerative Diseases, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Rome, - - 2013
Joubert syndrome and related disorders (JSRD) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous ciliopathies sharing a peculiar midbrain-hindbrain malformation known as the 'molar tooth sign'. To date, 19 causative genes have been identified, all coding for proteins of the primary cilium. There is clinical and genetic overlap with other ciliopathies, in particular ...
Mosolygó Tímea - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the effects of interleukin (IL)-17 cytokines in Chlamydophila pneumoniae-infected mice. METHODS: Mice were infected with C. pneumoniae once or three times and the expression of IL-17 cytokines was followed by RT qPCR from day 1 to day 28 after infection and re-infection. After the treatment of mice ...
Clarkson Andrew N AN Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2013
Recent studies show a limited capacity for neural repair after stroke, which includes remapping of sensorimotor functions and sprouting of new connections. However, physiologic and connectional plasticity of sensory maps during long-term functional recovery in the mouse have not been determined. Using a photothrombotic stroke model, we targeted the motor ...
Chou Chun-Ting - - 2013
A mixed-deposition atomic layer deposition process produces Hf:ZnO films with uniform dopant distribution and high electrical conductivity (resistivity = 4.5 × 10(-4) W cm), optical transparency (>85% from 400-1800 nm), and moisture-barrier property (water vapor transmission rate = 6.3 × 10(-6) g m(-2) day(-1) ).
Huhtinen Reeta - - 2013
Bio-active glass has been developed for use as a bone substitute with strong osteo-inductive capacity and the ability to form strong bonds with soft and hard tissue. The ability of this material to enhance tissue in-growth suggests its potential use as a substitute for the dental laminate of an osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis. ...
Bhatara Anjali - - 2013
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) frequently demonstrate preserved or enhanced frequency perception but impaired timing perception. The present study investigated the processing of spectral and temporal information in 12 adolescents with ASD and 15 age-matched controls. Participants completed two psychoacoustic tasks: one determined frequency difference limens, and the other ...
Natelson Douglas - - 2013
Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is an experimental tool for accessing vibrational and chemical information, down to the single molecule level. SERS typically relies on plasmon excitations in metal nanostructures to concentrate the incident radiation and to provide an enhanced photon density of states to couple emitted radiation to the far ...
Geisler Stefanie S Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, INM-4-Medical Imaging Physics, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, - - 2013
After cerebral ischemia or trauma, secondary neurodegeneration may occur in brain regions remote from the lesion. Little is known about the capacity of cerebral gliomas to induce secondary neurodegeneration. A previous study showed that cis-4-[(18)F]fluoro-D-proline (D-cis-[(18)F]FPro) detects secondary reactions of thalamic nuclei after cortical infarction with high sensitivity. Here we ...
Nakamura Ichiro - - 2013
A total of 466 rodents were captured in the Republic of Zambia from 2006 to 2010. Based on morphological observations and phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial gene sequences, rodents were divided into 10 groups consisting of 39 Rattus rodents, 263 multimammate rats, 18 other Murinae rodents, 95 gerbils, 11 pouched mice, ...
Synek P - - 2013
We studied haemosporidian parasites in the scarlet rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus in a small isolated semicolony during an eight-year period using molecular methods of parasite detection. The scarlet rosefinch is an interesting model of parasite host species. It winters in South Asia which represents a rare exception among European passerines. Males ...
Villa Monica - - 2013
6-Hydroxydamine has widely been used as neurotoxin in preclinical studies related on the neurodegenerative process of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease based on its ability to be neurotoxic as a consequence of free radical formation during its auto-oxidation to topaminequinone. We report that 50-µM 6-hydroxydopamine is not neurotoxic in RCSN-3 ...
Zhang Wei - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) rats. METHODS: A total of 160 male Wistar rats (12 weeks old; 250-350 g) were randomly assigned into four groups (n = 40 for each), including control (group ...
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