Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 3594
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Ksi Kiewicz Micha - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The narrow-leafed lupin, Lupinus angustifolius L., is a grain legume species with a relatively compact genome. The species has 2n = 40 chromosomes and its genome size is 960 Mbp/1C. During the last decade, L. angustifolius genomic studies have achieved several milestones, such as molecular-marker development, linkage maps, ...
Teng Renli - - 2013
Objectives: To assess the effect of ticagrelor on the pharmacokinetics of tolbutamide (a CYP2C9 substrate), and the effect of tolbutamide on ticagrelor pharmacokinetics. Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, two-period, crossover study, 23 healthy volunteers received either placebo or ticagrelor 180 mg twice daily (b.i.d.) for 9 days, with a single ...
Long Jennifer - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are few publications describing what optometrists like about clinical work. The purpose of this paper is to explore what optometrists in practice find satisfying with their work and what they find stressful. METHODS: Sixty Australian optometrists participated in a 30-minute semi-structured telephone or face-to-face interview during the period ...
Petrovski Steve - - 2013
Rhodococcus equi is a pathogenic member of the Actinobacteria responsible for causing serious infections in equines. A novel Siphoviridae bacteriophage (REQ1) lytic in R. equi was isolated and characterized. The genome size of REQ1 is 51,342 bp, and its sequence shares 7 % similarity to other DNA sequence in GenBank. Putative open ...
Montanholi Yuri - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The provision of feed is a major cost in beef production. Therefore, the improvement of feed efficiency is warranted. The direct assessment of feed efficiency has limitations and alternatives are needed. Small intestine micro-architecture is associated with function and may be related to feed efficiency. The objective was ...
Golli Tanja - - 2013
PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of our treatment program for children with lower urinary tract conditions, developed at the Department of Pediatric Nephrology of the University Children's Hospital in Ljubljana. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with lower urinary tract conditions were randomly allocated to two groups. Group A received ...
Altschuler Eric L - - 2013
I show that Mycroft Holmes (Sherlock Holmes' brother) is a formally described case of Asperger's syndrome a half century before Asperger's description of the syndrome. Further, given the genetic similarity and links between the brothers stated by Sherlock, this also cinches the same diagnosis for Sherlock.
Nakamura Paul A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Studies of developmental plasticity may provide insight into plasticity during adulthood, when neural circuitry is less responsive to losses or changes in input. In the mammalian auditory brainstem, globular bushy cell axons of the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN) innervate the contralateral medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) ...
Nakash Ora - - 2013
Jewish-Israelis of European origin with cancer have higher suicide rates relative to their counterparts in the general population. We investigated whether this effect results from the high proportion of Holocaust survivors among them, due to vulnerabilities arising from the earlier traumas they sustained. The study was based on all Jewish-European ...
Hinze Scott R - - 2013
Spatial visualization abilities are positively related to performance on science, technology, engineering, and math tasks, but this relationship is influenced by task demands and learner strategies. In two studies, we illustrate these interactions by demonstrating situations in which greater spatial ability leads to problematic performance. In Study 1, chemistry students ...
Sajja Krishna C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) created with expanded poly-tetrafluoroethylene-covered stents have largely replaced bare metal stents. Short-term shunt patency is typically assessed with protocol Doppler ultrasound (US), while little information exists with regard to long-term patency. AIM: We investigated the value of Doppler US in assessing TIPS patency as ...
Kuhan G - - 2013
PURPOSE: To carry out a systematic review of randomized trials comparing surgery vs. endovascular therapy for occluded fistulas and grafts. METHODS: All randomized trials which compared surgery and endovascular therapy for occluded fistulas and grafts were retrieved from 1990 onwards. The following search terms were used: "haemodialysis," "thrombosis," "arteriovenous fistula," ...
Qu Xinhua - - 2013
High bone mineral density (BMD) has been associated with increased breast cancer in prospective studies of postmenopausal women, but the real relationship is still controversial. Therefore, we undertook a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between BMD and the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. We performed systematic searches on ...
Nicdao Ethel G - - 2013
This study investigates the prevalence and predictors of using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among middle-aged and older patients prior to cardiac surgery. Additionally, it addresses the correlates of using 10 commonly used CAM therapies. The influence of religion on itemized CAM usage is also explored. Comprehensive data were collected ...
Mori Kohji - - 2013
Genetic analysis revealed the hexanucleotide repeat expansion GGGGCC within the regulatory region of the gene C9orf72 as the most common cause of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and the second most common cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Since repeat expansions might cause RNA toxicity via sequestration of RNA-binding proteins, we searched ...
Wang Kuizhong - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: One main complication of a flow-diverting device (FD) in treating intracranial aneurysm is stenosis of parent artery (PA) or occlusion of side branches. The use of a biodegradable device may satisfy the need for aneurysm occlusion and eliminate potential complications. METHODS: Twenty elastase-induced aneurysm rabbit models were divided into ...
Kuipers Ernst J - - 2013
The first evidence that screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) could effectively reduce mortality dates back 20 years. However, actual population screening has, in many countries, halted at the level of individual testing and discussions on differences between screening tests. With a wealth of new evidence from various community-based studies looking ...
Federici Anita - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study presents case-series data on a novel outpatient program that blends dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) with standard eating disorder (ED) interventions (i.e., food exposure, weight monitoring, cognitive modification, ED psychoeducation) for patients with complex and multidiagnostic ED presentations. METHOD: Quantitative and qualitative data was collected on a sample ...
Ahn Hyo-Jin - - 2013
Dual-scale diamond-shaped gold nanostructures (d-DGNs) with larger scale diamond-shaped gold nanoposts (DGNs) coupled to smaller scale gold nanoparticles have been fabricated via interference lithography as a highly reliable and efficient substrate for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The inter- and intra-particle plasmonic fields of d-DGNs are varied by changing the ...
Sheth C H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy treatment for head and neck cancer have an increased risk of malnutrition, and may require enteral feeding via nasogastric or gastrostomy tube. The aim of this audit was to examine current enteral feeding practice, mortality, morbidity and 6-month outcome data of head and neck ...
Roeker L E - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine if there is an increased risk of acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) in persons with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). We utilized a large population-based cohort of individuals systematically screened for the presence or absence of MGUS. MGUS status was ...
Batuk Maria - - 2013
The nuclear and magnetic structure of a novel oxychloride Pb(4)BiFe(4)O(11)Cl has been studied over the temperature range 1.5-700 K using a combination of transmission electron microscopy and synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction [space group P4/mbm, a = 5.5311(1) Å, c = 19.586(1) Å, T = 300 K]. Pb(4)BiFe(4)O(11)Cl is built ...
Reese Aspen T - - 2013
Pika species generally fall into two ecotypes, meadow-dwelling (burrowing) or talus-dwelling, a classification that distinguishes a suite of different ecological, behavioral, and life history traits. Despite these differences, little morphological variation has previously been documented to distinguish among ecotypes. The aim of this study was to test whether postcranial features ...
Vester Boler Brittany M - - 2013
This study sought to determine fermentation potential of human milk oligosaccharides by mixed cultures of fecal microbiota from breast-fed (BF; n=4) and formula-fed (FF; n=4) infants. Infant fecal inocula were incubated with galactooligosaccharide (GOS), gum arabic (GA), HP inulin (HP), 2'-fucosyllactose (2'FL), 6'-sialyllactose (6'SL), and lacto-N-neotetraose (LNnt). GOS, 2'FL, and ...
Zink Klaus J - - 2013
The International Ergonomics Association Technical Committee 'Human Factors and Sustainable Development' was established to contribute to a broad discourse about opportunities and risks resulting from current societal 'mega-trends' and their impacts on the interactions among humans and other elements of a system, e.g. in work systems. This paper focuses on ...
Tsukao Hiroshi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a vitamin E-coated surface on platelet activation, focusing on the interactions among the vitamin E-coated surface, platelets and leukocytes. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or PRP containing leukocytes (LPRP) was used. No difference was observed in platelet activation between PRP and ...
Kishimoto Takashi - - 2013
It has been established that nuclear pseudostratification of the neural epithelium in vertebral embryos is caused by interkinetic nuclear migration, a cell cycle-dependent regulation of nuclear movement, during which the G2/M-phase nuclei move apically before returning basally in the G1/S phase. Here we demonstrate the cell cycle-related nuclear location characteristic ...
Bedford James L - - 2013
Iterative least-squares (ILS) has been used in CT image reconstruction for many years and has also been successfully applied to fluence optimization in intensity-modulated radiation therapy. However, most optimization schemes use aperture optimization, where it is not so clear how to apply ILS. This study therefore proposes a method of ...
Xiao Xu-Qiong - - 2013
The reduction of dichloro- and dibromo-cyclopentasilanes with C(8)K was investigated. A potassium silyl anion and a fused tricyclic silane were isolated, respectively. These results indicate that a homocyclic silylene intermediate is generated in the reduction of dibromocyclopentasilane. The trimethylsilyl group is bulky enough to protect the silylene from dimerization, however, ...
Camilleri Michael - - 2013
Functional dyspepsia refers to painful and nonpainful symptoms that are perceived to arise in the upper digestive tract but are not secondary to organic, systemic or metabolic diseases. The symptoms of this syndrome often overlap with those of GERD and IBS, making its management far from simple. If Helicobacter pylori ...
Deng Chuan-Liang - - 2013
Spinach has long been used as a model for genetic and physiological studies of sex determination and expression. Although trisomic analysis from a cross between diploid and triploid plants identified the XY chromosome as the largest chromosome, no direct evidence has been provided to support this at the molecular level. ...
Wang Wen-Ping - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Successful anastomosis is essential in esophagogastrectomy, and the application of the circular stapler effectively reduces the anastomotic leakage, although stricture formation has become more frequent. The present study, a randomized controlled trial, compared the recently developed semi-mechanical anastomosis with a hand-sewn or circular stapled esophagogastrostomy in prevention of anastomotic ...
Li Lei - - 2013
Strain 268506(T) was isolated from a root of Avicennia marina collected at mangrove forest in Wengchang, Hainan province, China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain 268506(T) showed the highest similarity with Micromonospora equina Y22(T) (98.8 %) and Micromonospora olivasterospora DSM 43868(T) (98.7 %). In addition, gyrB gene phylogeny clearly showed strain ...
Pérez William - - 2013
To describe the macroscopic anatomy of the genital organs of the male pampas deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus), organs from ten animals found dead in a captive breeding station were dissected. The unpigmented scrotum was located in the inguinal region near the body, and was covered by the thighs. In the investments ...
Brassey Charlotte A - - 2013
The limb bones of an elephant are considered to experience similar peak locomotory stresses as a shrew. "Safety factors" are maintained across the entire range of body masses through a combination of robusticity of long bones, postural variation, and modification of gait. The relative contributions of these variables remain uncertain. ...
Wang Hong - - 2013
Monochiral single-walled carbon nanotubes have many potential uses, especially in the field of electronics and medical applications. Here we demonstrate a method to activate three types of Co/SiO(2) catalysts via sulfur-doping for the synthesis of tubes with a narrow chiral distribution around (9,8) chirality.
Almarza Jorge - - 2013
Understanding of protein-urea interactions is one of the greatest challenges to modern structural protein chemistry. Based in enzyme kinetics experiments and (1)H NMR spectroscopic analysis we proposed that urea, at low concentrations, directly interacts with the protonated histidines of the active center of RNase A, following a simple model of ...
de Lima Saintrain Maria V - - 2013
Gerodontology 2013; doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2012.00627.x Salivary tests associated with elderly people's oral health Introduction:   The saliva constitutes essential condition for the individual's health. Aim:  Identify the relation of the salivary flow and saliva pH with medicine use and oral discomfort in elderly. Methods and materials:  Cross-sectional study with 68 elderly ...
Zhang Hao - - 2013
Stem cell therapy has become a promising method for many diseases, including ischemic heart disease and heart failure. Several kinds of stem cells have been studied for heart diseases. Of them, bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs), which have been used in many clinical trials, are the most understood one. But ...
Sharma Kamendra P - - 2013
Cross-linked protein-polymer surfactant films consisting of enzymatically active hybrid nanoclusters are prepared using a novel approach based on electrostatically mediated hierarchical self-assembly. The free-standing films are structurally robust, highly hydrophilic, and exhibit sustained fluorescence or recyclable enzymatic phosphatase or oxido-reductase behavior.
Marcinkowska-Swojak Malgorzata - - 2013
Copy number variation (CNV) has become well recognized in recent years. It has been estimated that common CNVs account for approximately 10% of the human genome and that they overlap hundreds of genes and other functional genetic elements. Although substantial progress in genome-wide CNV analysis has been made recently, there ...
Willführ Kai P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that epigenetic inheritance is an important factor influencing mortality. We use data about the historical population of Québec (years 1670-1740) to study whether parents modify their offspring's phenotype epigenetically prior to conception in response to predicted/perceived mortality. If so, children growing up in the predicted ...
Etacheri Vinodkumar - - 2013
Visible-light-induced antibacterial activity of carbon-doped anatase-brookite titania nano-heterojunction photocatalysts are reported for the first time. These heterostructures were prepared using a novel low temperature (100 °C) non-hydrothermal low power microwave (300 W) assisted method. Formation of interband C 2p states was found to be responsible for the band gap narrowing ...
Cheng Qinghao - - 2013
Oxidative stress has been associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, little is known about oxidative stress in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in aging. The aim of this study was to investigate urinary excretion rate of 8-isoprostane:creatinine (U8-isoPG:Cr) and malonaldehyde:creatinine (UMDA:Cr) to predict short-term POCD in ...
Bidard François-Clément - - 2013
In the context of metastatic disease, preclinical models have been used primarily to decipher different steps of the metastatic cascade. Numerous molecular processes operate in these model systems, but none of these has been successfully translated to the clinic. We discuss some of the successes and failures of preclinical models ...
Shikata Hisaharu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is one of the serious complications of chemotherapy. However, the hematological nadir after chemotherapy and the timing of prophylaxis for FN remain unclear, especially for outpatients. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed laboratory data from outpatients treated with a single chemotherapy regimen, rituximab (R)-CHOP, on three consultation days ...
Azami Nor Azila - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In 1998, Malaysia experienced its first chikungunya virus (CHIKV) outbreak in the suburban areas followed by another two in 2006 (rural areas) and 2008 (urban areas), respectively. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of documented data regarding the magnitude of CHIKV exposure in the Malaysian population. The aim ...
Schaefer G - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion resulting in ERG overexpression has been found in around 50% of prostate cancers (PCa) and is a very early event in tumorigenesis. Most studies have reported on selected surgical cohorts with inconsistent results. We hypothesized that ERG gene rearrangements impact tumor development and investigated the frequency ...
Malt Eva Albertsen - - 2013
The increasing life expectancy of persons with Down syndrome calls for a knowledge of conditions that frequently occur in adults with the syndrome and of which health personnel should be particularly aware. The article is based on a literature search in PubMed and the authors' clinical experience with the patient ...
Geck Ulrich - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the incidence of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) induced by intravitreal injection of different intravitreal drugs. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 61 patients (61 eyes) with different underlying retinal diseases: exudative age-related macular degeneration (n = 47), cystoid macular edema (CME) after retinal vein occlusion (n = 8), and CME of ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >