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Results 351 - 400 of 3603
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Golli Tanja - - 2013
PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of our treatment program for children with lower urinary tract conditions, developed at the Department of Pediatric Nephrology of the University Children's Hospital in Ljubljana. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with lower urinary tract conditions were randomly allocated to two groups. Group A received ...
Altschuler Eric L - - 2013
I show that Mycroft Holmes (Sherlock Holmes' brother) is a formally described case of Asperger's syndrome a half century before Asperger's description of the syndrome. Further, given the genetic similarity and links between the brothers stated by Sherlock, this also cinches the same diagnosis for Sherlock.
Nakamura Paul A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Studies of developmental plasticity may provide insight into plasticity during adulthood, when neural circuitry is less responsive to losses or changes in input. In the mammalian auditory brainstem, globular bushy cell axons of the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN) innervate the contralateral medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) ...
Nakash Ora - - 2013
Jewish-Israelis of European origin with cancer have higher suicide rates relative to their counterparts in the general population. We investigated whether this effect results from the high proportion of Holocaust survivors among them, due to vulnerabilities arising from the earlier traumas they sustained. The study was based on all Jewish-European ...
Hinze Scott R - - 2013
Spatial visualization abilities are positively related to performance on science, technology, engineering, and math tasks, but this relationship is influenced by task demands and learner strategies. In two studies, we illustrate these interactions by demonstrating situations in which greater spatial ability leads to problematic performance. In Study 1, chemistry students ...
Sajja Krishna C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) created with expanded poly-tetrafluoroethylene-covered stents have largely replaced bare metal stents. Short-term shunt patency is typically assessed with protocol Doppler ultrasound (US), while little information exists with regard to long-term patency. AIM: We investigated the value of Doppler US in assessing TIPS patency as ...
Figueira-Gonzalez Maria - - 2013
The self-aggregation behavior of the double-chained Ionic Liquid (IL) 1,3-didecyl-2-methylimidazolium chloride ([C10C10mim]Cl) in aqueous solution has been investigated with resort to a number of different experimental techniques. Two cmc values (cmc1 and cmc2) are obtained from conductivity measurements. The fraction of neutralized charge on the micellar surface suggests that cmc1 ...
Teigland Claire L - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Recent educational initiatives by both the World Health Organization and the American Association of Medical Colleges have endorsed integrating teaching of patient safety and quality improvement (QI) to medical students. Curriculum development should take into account learners' attitudes and preferences. We surveyed students to assess preferences and attitudes ...
Vitzthum Virginia J - - 2013
Early European colonists of the Andes had difficulties in reproducing, a fact that underpins the hypothesis that reproduction is impaired amongst all humans at high altitudes. Yet a 16th century missionary wrote, "… the Indians are healthiest and where they multiply the most prolifically is in these same cold air-tempers, ...
Bertsch Katja - - 2013
Studies on structural abnormalities in antisocial individuals have reported inconsistent results, possibly due to inhomogeneous samples, calling for an investigation of brain alterations in psychopathologically stratified subgroups. We explored structural differences between antisocial offenders with either borderline personality disorder (ASPD-BPD) or high psychopathic traits (ASPD-PP) and healthy controls (CON) using ...
Ben Amor Hedi - - 2013
Building a meaningful model of biological regulatory network is usually done by specifying the components (e.g. the genes) and their interactions, by guessing the values of parameters, by comparing the predicted behaviors to the observed ones, and by modifying in a trial-error process both architecture and parameters in order to ...
Masella Michel - - 2013
A multiscale coarse-grained approach able to handle efficiently the solvation of microscopic solutes in extended chemical environment is described. That approach is able to compute readily and efficiently very long-range solute/solvent electrostatic microscopic interactions, up to the 1-μm scale, by considering a reduced amount of computational resources. All the required ...
Ning Zhijun - - 2013
A novel approach to improving all-inorganic colloidal quantum dot (CQD) homojunction solar cells by engineering the doping spatial profile to produce a doping gradient within the n-type absorber is presented. The doping gradient greatly improves carrier collection and enhances the voltages attainable by the device, leading to a 1 power ...
Gudmundsdóttir Eygló - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study determined the incidence of disease-related distress symptoms in parents from two treatment sites: a large specialized childhood cancer (CC) center in Sweden and a smaller pediatric unit in Iceland. The two groups were compared by considering differences in center type and care organization. METHODS: Participants were 328 ...
Kawasaki Yoshiko - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal conditions for inducing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) into disease remission by tocilizumab (TCZ), we analyzed the TCZ therapy carried out in our facility. METHOD: The study group comprised 116 patients with RA who started TCZ therapy at Kobe University Hospital and Konan-Kakogawa Hospital. The clinical response ...
Gobikrishnan Sriramulu - - 2013
High temperature and pressure are generally required to produce biodiesel using supercritical methanol. We reduced the harsh reaction conditions by means of sonicating the reaction mixture prior to transesterification using supercritical methanol. Soybean oil was selected as the raw material for transesterification. As soybean oil contains more unsaturated fatty acid ...
Li Guisheng - - 2013
Ultra-fine CdS quantum dots modified TiO(2) nanotube arrays (TiO(2)-NTs) with enhanced visible-light activity are fabricated via a cathodic electro-deposition combined with ion-exchange route (CEDIE). The as-formed CdS quantum dots were highly dispersed both outside and inside the TiO(2)-NTs. The proposed CEDIE strategy results in the strong combination and heterojunctions between ...
Ning Shunzong - - 2013
The majority of genes present in the hexaploid bread wheat genome are present as three homoeologs. Here, we describe the three homoeologous orthologs of the barley cleistogamy gene Cly1, a member of the AP2 gene family. As in barley, the wheat genes (designated TaAP2-A, -B and -D) map to the ...
Jiang Runqiu - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: It has been previously reported that IL-22, one of the cytokines secreted by Th17 cells, demonstrates both a protective and inflammatory promotion effect in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) through STAT3 signaling activation. We sought to investigate the role of IL-22 expression in colon cancer (CC). METHODS: The expression ...
Habbe Nils - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Surgery for pheochromocytoma may lead to uncontrolled catecholamine secretion with severe hypertension and cardiac failure. Perioperative α(1)-receptor-blockade with orally administered phenoxybenzamine or intravenous urapidil therefore is a standard procedure in the treatment regime prior to surgery. METHODS: Medical records of 30 patients who underwent surgery for pheochromocytoma during the ...
Yao Fan - - 2013
Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1 (NBS1), a vital DNA repair protein in the homologous recombination repair pathway and a signal modifier in the intra-S phase checkpoint, plays a critical role in cellular response to DNA damages and the maintenance of genomic stability. The NBS1 Glu185Gln (NBS1 E185Q, NBS1 8360G>C, rs1805794) polymorphism ...
Nardi Olivier - - 2013
The scientific community has agreed upon developing accurate monitoring of tissue perfusion and oxygenation to improve the management of subjects with sepsis. This pilot study aimed to investigate the feasibility of targeting tissue oxygen saturation (StO(2)) in addition to the currently recommended resuscitation goals, central venous pressure, mean arterial pressure ...
Rault Jonathan - - 2013
In this paper we build a prey-predator model with discrete weight structure for the predator. This model will conserve the number of individuals and the biomass and both growth and reproduction of the predator will depend on the food ingested. Moreover the model allows cannibalism which means that the predator ...
Gonzalez Cleotilde - - 2013
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often exhibit superior performance in visual search compared to others. However, most studies demonstrating this advantage have employed simple, uncluttered images with fully visible targets. We compare the performance of high-functioning adults with ASD and matched controls on a naturalistic luggage screening task. Although ...
Cao Y - - 2013
Study design:Cohort study.Objectives:First, to examine three sets of risk and protective factors for mortality after spinal cord injury (SCI), with an emphasis on health and secondary conditions. Second, to extend earlier work with several methodologic enhancements and addition of new predictors.Setting:Twenty hospitals designated as SCI Model Systems (SCIMSs) of care ...
Friedrich Katrin K Oncolytic Measles Viruses and Vaccine Vectors, Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Langen, - - 2013
Oncolytic virotherapy is an emerging treatment modality that uses replication-competent viruses to destroy cancers. Many naturally occurring viruses have a preferential, although nonexclusive, tropism for tumors and tumor cells. In addition, specific targeting of cancer cells can be achieved at the virus entry level. We optimized retargeting of cell entry ...
Feng Fan - - 2013
With the continuous improvement of the living standards of human society, the number of diabetics worldwide is growing rapidly. To date, the main effective therapy for diabetic is intravenous injection of insulin, which is accompanied by a lot of shortage such as high cost and side effects. To obtain long-term ...
Halkett G K B - - 2013
PURPOSE: Although patients receive information prior to commencing radiotherapy, they often experience anxiety and distress. We conducted a pilot randomised controlled trial to determine whether a radiation therapist led psycho-educational intervention for breast cancer patients prior to radiotherapy is likely to be effective in reducing radiotherapy-related concerns, patient anxiety and ...
Chen Y-X - - 2013
PURPOSE: To identify independent predictors of survival in patients with lymph node (LN) metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). METHODS: There were 191 patients with LN metastases from HCC received EBRT enrolled in the study cohort. EBRT was designed to focus on the LNs and a ...
Rohan Angela M - - 2013
Turning a ship requires small but steady and deliberate efforts over time. During the past 9 years, Wisconsin's Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Program has begun to utilize the life-course perspective as its framework for guiding efforts around women's health, early childhood systems, children and youth with special health care needs, ...
Zhou Zhi-Rui - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of short-term versus long-term hormonotherapy (HT) plus radiotherapy (RT) or prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer. METHODS: Literatures were searched from Embase, PubMed, Web of science and Cochrane Library up to October, 2012. Quality of the study was evaluated according to the Cochrane's risk ...
Miller K - - 2013
Background:Standard treatment options are limited for the management of non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This study, part of the ENTHUSE (EndoTHelin A USE) phase III programme, evaluated the efficacy and safety of the oral specific endothelin (ET)(A) receptor antagonist zibotentan vs placebo in patients with non-metastatic CRPC (non-mCRPC).Methods:This was a ...
Carbonell-Estrany Xavier - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess the impact of household smoking and palivizumab prophylaxis on the risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalisation in late-preterm (32-35 weeks' gestational age) infants. Methods: Familial smoking and other RSV risk factor data from the FLIP, FLIP-2 and IMpact studies and datasets from France, Germany and ...
Wong Connie H Y - - 2013
Natural killer T (NKT) cells were first recognized more than two decades ago as a distinct lymphocyte lineage that regulates a broad range of immune responses. The activation of NKT cells paradoxically can lead to either suppression or stimulation of immune responses, but despite this uncertainty, many investigators are hopeful ...
Neaux Dimitri - - 2013
Previous studies showed that in modern humans the basicranium is formed of two modules: the midline cranial base and the lateral basicranium which are integrated with the face in very different ways. The study of the relationship between these structures is of prime interest in the context of hominids craniofacial ...
Yang Juan - - 2013
It is widely accepted that intersexual differences occur in cognitive domains, e.g., in spatial learning and memory. The hippocampus plays important roles in the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory and spatial navigation. However, it still remains unknown whether the hippocampal proteomic profiling differs between males and ...
Warner Erica T ET Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
The incidence of estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer is higher among white women relative to black women. In two large prospective cohorts, the Black Women's Health Study (BWHS) and the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII), we investigated whether reproductive factors explain the difference. During 1,582,083 person-years of follow-up of ...
Moore C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Cytology laboratories routinely treat cervical liquid-based cytology (LBC) specimens that are heavily contaminated with blood with glacial acetic acid (GAA) in order to lyse red blood cells and facilitate assessment. However, the impact on downstream human papillomavirus (HPV) detection is not well understood. This study examines the effect of ...
Zhu Liqian - - 2013
Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt is an important cellular pathway that has been shown to participate in various replication steps of multiple viruses. In the present study, we compared the phosphorylation status of Akt during infection of MARC-145 cells and porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) with highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) strain HuN4. We observed ...
Kumar R - - 2013
To study the asphericity of femoral head in femoroacetabular impingement using radiological indices such as alpha angle and triangular index, and to compare the alpha angle and triangular index measured in the radiograph and MRI. The study was conducted prospectively from January 2008 to June 2009 on 50 consecutive patients ...
Drange Hole Lisa - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Short-time models (STM) to study the cardiotoxicity (acute or chronic) of doxorubicin in rats are of interest to assess protective interventions and pathways. STM promotes more ethical animal treatment with less stress, and at a lower cost compared to established long-time models (LTM). We wanted to investigate if ...
Honarnejad Kamran - - 2013
Mutations in presenilins (PS1 and PS2) account for the vast majority of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease cases. Beside the well investigated role of presenilins as the catalytic unit in γ-secretase complex, their involvement in regulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis has recently come into more focus of Alzheimer's disease research. ...
Ge Shun-Nan - - 2013
The vesicular glutamate transporters, VGLUT1 and VGLUT2, reportedly display complementary distribution in the rat brain. However, co-expression of them in single neurons has been reported in some brain areas. We previously found co-expression of VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 mRNAs in a number of single neurons in the principal sensory trigeminal nucleus ...
Seang Sophie - - 2013
We report a reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in an human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patient despite a serological profile of past HBV infection with anti-HBs and anti-HBc antibodies, following the interruption of tenofovir/emtricitabine. In HBV-HIV co-infected patients, close monitoring of HBV viral load and serological markers is required for ...
Li Yanshen - - 2013
In this research, a mixed immunoassay design for multiple chemical residues detection based on combined reverse competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) procedure was developed. This method integrated two reverse ELISA reactions in one assay by labeling horseradish peroxidase to deoxynivalenol (DON) and orbifloxacin. Within this method, IC50 of the two ...
Coccurello Roberto - - 2013
RATIONALE: Accumulating evidence supports the involvement of the ventral striatum (VS) in spatial information processing. The multiple cortical glutamatergic and mesolimbic dopaminergic (DAergic) afferences on the same neurons in the ventral striatum provide the neuroanatomical substrate for glutamate and dopamine functional interaction. However, there is little evidence in the literature ...
Marcinkowska-Swojak Malgorzata - - 2013
Copy number variation (CNV) has become well recognized in recent years. It has been estimated that common CNVs account for approximately 10% of the human genome and that they overlap hundreds of genes and other functional genetic elements. Although substantial progress in genome-wide CNV analysis has been made recently, there ...
Willführ Kai P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that epigenetic inheritance is an important factor influencing mortality. We use data about the historical population of Québec (years 1670-1740) to study whether parents modify their offspring's phenotype epigenetically prior to conception in response to predicted/perceived mortality. If so, children growing up in the predicted ...
van der Linden Jan Willem JW Retina Total Eye Care, Driebergen, The - - 2013
To compare outcomes between a new design apodized diffractive hydrophilic multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) (Seelens MF; study group), and a well-known apodized diffractive hydrophobic multifocal IOL (SN6AD1; control group). A comparative case series comparing refractive and visual outcomes at distance and near. Patient satisfaction with a validated questionnaire, dysphotopsia and ...
Etacheri Vinodkumar - - 2013
Visible-light-induced antibacterial activity of carbon-doped anatase-brookite titania nano-heterojunction photocatalysts are reported for the first time. These heterostructures were prepared using a novel low temperature (100 °C) non-hydrothermal low power microwave (300 W) assisted method. Formation of interband C 2p states was found to be responsible for the band gap narrowing ...
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