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Results 351 - 400 of 3594
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Gorelik Natalia - - 2013
Ewing's sarcoma is a relatively rare malignancy, occurring mainly between 4 and 25 years of age. It usually arises from the pelvis, followed by the femur, tibia, and remainder of both the long bones of the extremities and flat bones of the axial skeleton. To the best of our knowledge, ...
Kitagawa Munenori - - 2013
Cell-to-cell transport of molecules in plants must be properly regulated for plant growth and development. One specialized mechanism that plants have evolved involves transport through plasmodesmata (PD), but when and how transport of molecules via PD is regulated among individual cells remains largely unknown, particularly at the single-cell level. Here, ...
Adeeb Nimer - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The pia mater has received less attention in the literature compared to the dura and arachnoid maters. However, its presence as a direct covering of the nervous system and direct relation to the blood vessels gives it a special importance in neurosurgery. METHOD: A comprehensive review of the literature ...
Wei Guangquan - - 2013
A 48-year-old woman was admitted with a 3-year history of intermittent dizziness and unstable gait. Cranial MRI demonstrated a laminated lesion of T2 hyperintensity and T1 hypointensity involving the left cerebellar hemisphere, which appeared enlarged (figure, A and B). Secondary hydrocephalus and Chiari I malformation were observed. Because the striated ...
Litwiller Brett J - - 2013
The impact of bullying in all forms on the mental health and safety of adolescents is of particular interest, especially in the wake of new methods of bullying that victimize youths through technology. The current study examined the relationship between victimization from both physical and cyber bullying and adolescent suicidal ...
Irvine A B - - 2013
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: Research shows that Internet training for direct care workers in long-term care facilities is effective, but little is known about how it works in a non-research setting, and if an available training programme would continue to be used. Three facilities trained all their direct care workers in a ...
Jackson Graham - - 2013
Evaluation of a likelihood ratio is widely recognised as the most logical and appropriate means of assessing and expressing the weight of expert scientific evidence. This paper describes the application of such an approach to cases involving the comparison of images of hands that contain visible scars. Such evidence is ...
Anastasiadou Maria - - 2013
Avian β-defensins (AvβDs) constitute a family of antimicrobial peptides that are critical to innate immunity in chickens, providing protection against microbial pathogens including Salmonella Enteritidis (SE). As apart from the digestive tract another main route of SE colonization in birds is via infection of the oviduct and specifically of the ...
Shrestha Sachin Man Bajimaya - - 2013
We model complete growth of an avascular tumour by employing cellular automata for the growth of cells and steady-state equation to solve for nutrient concentrations. Our modelling and computer simulation results show that, in the case of a brain tumour, oxygen distribution in the tumour volume may be sufficiently described ...
Yoshida Tomoyuki - - 2013
In this study, we examined the dynamics of cellular immune responses in the acute phase of dengue virus (DENV) infection in a marmoset model. Here, we found that DENV infection in marmosets greatly induced responses of CD4/CD8 central memory T and NKT cells. Interestingly, the strength of the immune response ...
Budyal Sweta - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of modern conformal fractionated radiotherapy (RT) in patients with uncured Cushing's disease (CD) after failed transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). In this retrospective analysis, we reviewed records of patients with CD who received modern conformal fractionated RT between 2001 and 2010. Records ...
Zhang Shuo - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to study the feasibility of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for the removal of gastric muscularis propria tumors and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ESD for this treatment. METHODS: Eighteen patients with gastric SMTs originating from the muscularis propria were treated by ESD between ...
Yoon Byung Il - - 2013
We conducted a retrospective analysis of acute cystitis (AC) patients to evaluate the risk factors of recurrent cystitis (RC) patients following AC. The clinical records of 254 subjects with a confirmed diagnosis of AC and 90 healthy subjects who visited the Health Promotion Center between 2008 and 2012 were reviewed. ...
Konz Ioana - - 2013
Laser ablation coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry has been developed for the elemental imaging of Mg, Fe and Cu distribution in histological tissue sections of fixed eyes, embedded in paraffin, from human donors (cadavers). This work presents the development of a novel internal standard correction methodology based on ...
Wilhelm Edward P - - 2013
The introgression of Reduced height (Rht)-B1b and Rht-D1b into bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties beginning in the 1960s led to improved lodging resistance and yield, providing a major contribution to the 'green revolution'. Although wheat Rht-1 and surrounding sequence is available, the genetic composition of this region has not been ...
Parrish Audrey E - - 2013
There has been extensive research investigating self-control in humans and nonhuman animals, yet we know surprisingly little about how one's social environment influences self-control. The present study examined the self-control of chimpanzees in a task that required active engagement with conspecifics. The task consisted of transferring a token back and ...
Ganesamoorthy Chelladurai - - 2013
Compounds Cp*AlH(2) () and Cp*(2)AlH () reductively eliminate Cp*H in benzene or toluene under reflux conditions to give Al(s) and AlCp*, respectively.
Chung Yun J - - 2013
AIMS: Few clinicopathological parameters have been identified as independent predictive factors for lymph node metastasis. This study evaluated the predictive ability of three histological characteristics of PTC in lymph node metastases: hobnail features, loss of cohesiveness/polarity (LOCP) and micropapillary structures. METHODS AND RESULTS: Tissue specimens from 153 patients with histologically ...
Steurer Stefan - - 2013
To identify molecular features associated with clinico-pathological parameters and TMPRSS2-ERG fusion status in prostate cancer, we employed MALDI mass spectrometric imaging (MSI) to a prostate cancer tissue microarray (TMA) containing formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues samples from 1044 patients for which clinical follow-up data were available. MSI analysis revealed 15 distinct mass ...
Nguyen Tuan V - - 2013
Osteoporosis and its consequence of fragility fracture impose a considerable demand on health-care services because fracture is associated with a series of adverse events, including re-fracture and mortality. One of the major priorities in osteoporosis care is the development of predictive models to identify individuals at high risk of fracture ...
Harte Steven E - - 2013
Quantitative sensory testing (QST) can provide useful information about the underlying mechanisms involved in chronic pain. However, currently available devices typically employed suffer from operator-dependent effects, or are too cumbersome for routine clinical care. This paper presents the design and initial validation of a novel automated pressure-pain type QST platform, ...
Elenein Rania A - - 2013
A 42-year-old man with Addison disease presented to the emergency department with unsteady gait for 1 year. A half-brother had epilepsy and difficulty walking, and died at 6 years of age. Another half-brother has a longstanding gait disorder. Over 3 to 4 months, his gait has become worse with marked ...
Esteras Cristina - - 2013
Novel sequencing technologies were recently used to generate sequences from multiple melon (Cucumis melo L.) genotypes, enabling the in silico identification of large single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) collections. In order to optimize the use of these markers, SNP validation and large-scale genotyping are necessary. In this paper, we present the ...
Tang Xuemin - - 2013
Aptamers against inactive Vibrio alginolyticus were selected from an 82-nt ssDNA random library by systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment. After 15 rounds of selection, the final pool of aptamers was highly specific for inactivated V. alginolyticus and had a dissociation constant of 27.5 ± 9.2 nM. Using these aptamers and PCR, ...
Roncone Dan - - 2013
Our patient appears to represent a previously unrecognized variant of steroid-responsive minimal change disease (MCD)/focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in which severe AKI developed even though the serum albumin was essentially normal and proteinuria was minimal. This would be a paradox because the AKI of MCD/FSGS is a manifestation of ...
Hasan Alkomiet - - 2013
Notwithstanding the considerable advances in the treatment options for schizophrenia, the cognitive symptoms in particular are not receptive to antipsychotic treatment and considered one of the main predictors for poor social and functional outcome of the disease. Recent findings in preclinical model systems indicate that epigenetic modulation might emerge as ...
Magdolenova Zuzana - - 2013
Abstract Engineered nanoparticles (NPs) are widely used in different technologies but their unique properties might also cause adverse health effects. In reviewing recent in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity studies we discuss potential mechanisms of genotoxicity induced by NPs. Various factors that may influence genotoxic response, including physico-chemical properties and ...
Salluzzo M - - 2013
A full understanding of the mechanism of the formation of a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at the interface between insulating LaAlO(3) (LAO) thin films and bulk SrTiO(3) (STO) crystals is a prerequisite for the full exploitation of this class of materials. Here, by using a combination of advanced X-ray synchrotron-based ...
Clemens Oliver - - 2013
The high temperature phase of manganese vanadate h.t.-Mn(3)(VO(4))(2) and the solid solution with NaMn(4)(VO(4))(3) (Na(x)Mn(4.5-x/2)(VO(4))(3)) were shown to order ferrimagnetically below 55 K for x < 1, whereas NaMn(4)(VO(4))(3) is an antiferromagnet. The materials show very soft magnetic properties with low coercitive fields required for demagnetisation (H(c) < 0.001 T). ...
Wang Zhen - - 2013
This paper is devoted to the investigation of the effects of periodic drug treatment on a standard within-host virus model. We first introduce the basic reproduction ratio for the model, and then show that the infection free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable, and the disease eventually disappears if [Formula: see ...
Ha Sung Ho - - 2013
Lipase-catalyzed caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) synthesis in ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide ([Emim][Tf(2)N]), was investigated in this study. The effects of several reaction conditions, including reaction time, reaction temperature, substrate molar ratio of phenethyl alcohol to caffeic acid (CA), and weight ratio of enzyme to CA, on CAPE yield were ...
Thomas Krystin L - - 2013
The etiological basis of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is unknown but vascular (arterial and venous) compression of the trigeminal nerve roots has emerged as the likely cause in most cases. Here we examine the evidence for the "brain sagging/arterial elongation hypothesis" with reference to the cerebral arteries and veins believed to ...
Ndaluka Christina - - 2013
Rabies is generally considered a fatal disease, yet neutralizing antibodies to rabies virus (RV) have frequently been found in sera from healthy, insectivorous bats, and mark-recapture studies have demonstrated bats that are still alive years after the first detection of anti-RV antibodies. To explore this phenomenon, we exposed mice to ...
Lee Eun Jae - - 2013
The authors report a case of extensive, unilateral hemispheric infarct with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion in a term infant emphasizing the value of MRI, particularly diffusion weighted imaging (DWI).
Umay Ebru Karaca - - 2013
We aimed in this study to evaluate dysphagia in early stroke patients using a bedside screening test and flexible fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FFEES) and electrophysiological evaluation (EE) methods and to compare the effectiveness of these methods. Twenty-four patients who were hospitalized in our clinic within the first 3 months ...
Wood Laura J - - 2013
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has established a Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program (DSQAP) in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements (NIH-ODS). The DSQAP invites laboratories twice annually to participate in interlaboratory studies where participants elect to measure concentrations of nutritional ...
Li Yana - - 2013
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder caused by traumatic experience, which affects a patient's quality of life and social stability. The objective of this study was to determine the apoptosis-related genes B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and BCL2-associated X (Bax) expressions and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) neuronal apoptosis after ...
Karhu J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the outcome of patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (SCAP) treated with the combination of either β-lactam-quinolone (βQ) or β-lactam-macrolide (βM) antibiotics. METHODS: We retrospectively studied a cohort of patients with SCAP treated from January 2000 to December 2010 at a mixed university-level intensive care ...
Lerario Alberto - - 2013
Visual hallucinations (VHs) can be associated with a variety of clinical conditions, and are also experienced by healthy people due to visual impairment. The condition is known as Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS). The circumstances favoring VHs support the hypothesis that sensory deprivation enhances the ongoing activity of the visual system ...
Zhang Biao - - 2013
Graphene nanosheets (GNSs) have been considered as potential conductive additives for electrodes in Li-ion batteries to replace the existing carbon black (CB). Graphene has exceptionally high aspect ratio and excellent electrical conductivity, enabling the formation of extensive conductive networks at a much lower content than CB. This paper reports the ...
Wu Menghao - - 2013
Using first-principles calculations based on gradient corrected density functional theory we show that an otherwise distorted icosahedric Mn(13) ferrimagnetic cluster, when doped with six B or C atoms, transforms into a ferromagnetic cuboctahedral cluster with a magnetic moment that is an order of magnitude larger than that of the pure ...
Sarnat Harvey B - - 2013
Predictable temporal and spatial patterns of synaptophysin expression previously were demonstrated in the normally developing fetal cerebral cortex, reflecting synaptogenesis without regard to neurotransmitters. We studied 6 human fetal brains with holoprosencephaly in the mid-2nd and 3rd trimesters with immunocytochemical antibodies against synaptophysin and other markers of neuronal maturation. We ...
Nyadong Leonard - - 2013
We present the first coupling of laser spray ionization inlet (LSII) and matrix assisted ionization inlet (MAII) to high-field Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) for generation of electrospray-like ions to take advantage of increased sensitivity, mass range, and mass resolving power afforded by multiple charging. We ...
Lanner Fredrik - - 2013
Hypoxia (low oxygen) and Notch signaling are two important regulators of vascular development, but how they interact in controlling the choice between arterial and venous fates for endothelial cells during vasculogenesis is less well understood. In this report, we show that hypoxia and Notch signaling intersect in promotion of arterial ...
Sharma Verinder - - 2013
We describe case histories of three women with post-abortion mania, including two women who underwent a change in diagnosis from bipolar II to bipolar I disorder and another woman who had no prior history of psychiatric disturbance. It is argued that the study of post-abortion mania should provide an opportunity ...
Jurko Alexander A - - 2013
Congenital absence of pericardium is a rare malformation. We report 2 young patients with a diagnosis of congenital absence of the pericardium. The posteroanterior view of the chest X-ray showed displacement of the left cardiac border into the left hemithorax. Unusual acoustical windows and abnormal cardiac and septal motion during ...
Montealegre Cristina - - 2013
A nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis method with electrospray-mass spectrometry detection was developed to study the glycerophospholipid fraction in olive fruit and olive oil samples. In olive fruits, where the information available about its phospholipids fraction was very scarce, results obtained in this work allowed to complete and improve this knowledge. The ...
Mavros M N - - 2013
Surgical site infection (SSI) after pilonidal disease surgery can lead to serious complications. We systematically searched the PubMed, Scopus, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases for studies evaluating the use of antimicrobials as an adjunct to pilonidal disease surgery. We identified 12 eligible studies [nine randomized controlled trials (RCTs), three retrospective cohort studies], ...
Rnic K - - 2013
It is critical for prostate cancer researchers and clinicians to have access to comprehensive, sensitive and simple-to-use symptom measures that allow them to understand and quantify the subjective patient experience. The purpose of the current review is to provide a comprehensive review, detailed tool descriptions and objectively defined quality criteria ...
Ulsemer Philippe - - 2013
The tumor-specific Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TFα, CD176) is an attractive target for a cancer vaccine, especially as TF-directed antibodies play an important role in cancer immunosurveillance. However, synthetic TF vaccines have not overcome the low intrinsic immunogenicity of TF. Since natural TF-directed antibodies present in human sera are generated in response ...
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