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Results 201 - 250 of 3594
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Holton Nathan - - 2013
To understand how variation in nasal architecture accommodates the need for effective conditioning of respired air, it is necessary to assess the morphological interaction between the nasal cavity and other aspects of the nasofacial skeleton. Previous studies indicate that the maxillary sinuses may play a key role in accommodating climatically ...
Giannoni Francesca - - 2013
Transduction and transplantation of human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC) with the genes for a T-cell receptor (TCR) that recognizes a tumor-associated antigen may lead to sustained long-term production of T cells expressing the TCR and confer specific antitumor activity. We evaluated this using a lentiviral vector (CCLc-MND-F5) carrying cDNA for ...
Sui Lina - - 2013
Successful derivation of pancreatic progenitors from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) in vitro and further differentiation towards functional β cells in vivo may create the possibility of using hESC-derived pancreatic progenitors (PPs), instead of derived β cells, as an alternative transplantable source in β cell replacement therapy. Here we discuss ...
Wilson Hannah - - 2013
Herein we describe the design and synthesis of a series of solid-tethered [2]rotaxanes utilising crown ether-naphthalene diimide or crown ether-bipyridinium host guest interactions. TentaGel polystyrene resins were initially modified in a two-stage procedure to azide functionalised beads before the target supramolecular architectures were attached using a copper catalysed "click" procedure. ...
Stew Benjamin T - - 2013
Abstract Conclusions: Combined approach tympanoplasty (CAT) allows for successful treatment of cholesteatoma with rates of recurrent and residual disease comparable to open mastoid surgery. Early timing of second-look procedures allows easier removal of any recurrent or residual disease, which reduces the conversion rate to open mastoidectomy. Objectives: The aims of ...
Lambot Karen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is sparse knowledge about grading tenosynovitis using MRI. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of a tenosynovitis MRI scoring system in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and wrist involvement were enrolled in two paediatric centres, from October ...
Byrne H L - - 2013
This study investigates a model cell as a target for low-dose radiation using Monte Carlo simulations. Mono-energetic electrons and photons are used with initial energies between 10 and 50 keV, relevant to out-of-field radiotherapy scenarios where modern treatment modalities expose relatively large amounts of healthy tissue to low-dose radiation, and also ...
Zhang Minhua - - 2013
D-xylose is one of the most abundant carbohydrates in nature. This work focuses on xylose metabolism of Gluconobacter oxydans as revealed by a few studies conducted to understand xylose utilization by this strain. Interestingly, the G. oxydans 621H Δmgdh strain (deficient in membrane-bound glucose dehydrogenase) was greatly inhibited when grown ...
Yang Ting - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Many publications have evaluated the correlation between HLA-B27 polymorphisms and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), with conflicting results. We carried out this new meta-analysis in order to collect all the relevant studies to further clarify the association of HLA-B27 polymorphisms with AS susceptibility. METHODS: Relevant published data were retrieved through Medline, ...
Benoussaad Mourad - - 2013
We investigated the parameter identification of a multi-scale physiological model of skeletal muscle, based on Huxley's formulation. We focused particularly on the knee joint controlled by quadriceps muscles under electrical stimulation (ES) in subjects with a complete spinal cord injury. A noninvasive and in vivo identification protocol was thus applied ...
Kim-Prieto Chu - - 2013
We examined the relationship between sense of professional identity and academic success among under-represented minority graduate students in a biomedical doctoral program. We found that a sense of professional identity is related to science success among under-represented minority students, but not for non-underrepresented minority students. Sense of professional identity appears ...
Marr Annabell - - 2013
PURPOSE: Peptide arrays represent an attractive method for identification of amino acid motifs that bind to target structures. Spotting derivatives of the linear peptide platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)-P1, which has been identified to bind the extracellular domain of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta, allows the synchronous investigation of ...
Chao Guanqun - - 2013
Leprosy is associated with the occurrence of various skin lesions such as macules, papules, plaques, nodules, and even diffused infiltration, depending on the patient's immune response. Its clinical presentation is often different from the usual pattern, leading to confusion in diagnosis. We present a case of leprosy with ANA positive ...
O'Fallon Brendan D - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of population history from genetic data often requires Monte Carlo integration over the genealogy of the samples. Among tools that perform such computations, few are able to consider genetic histories including recombination events, precluding their use on most alignments of nuclear DNA. Explicit consideration of recombinations requires ...
Goodwin Renee D - - 2013
The association between thoughts of self-harm and help-seeking among youth with symptoms of depression was examined. Data were drawn from the Health Behavior of School-aged Children Study (n = 15, 686), a nationally representative sample of youth in the United States. Analyses focused on comparing help-seeking behaviors among youth with and without ...
Xia Zongliang - - 2013
Drought is one of the most important limiting factors for plant growth and development. To identify genes required for drought stress response in tobacco, one highly induced mRNA encoding a RING-H2 Finger gene (RHF1) was isolated by mRNA differential display. The full-length NtRHF1 encodes a protein of 273 amino acids ...
Rasmussen Torsten B - - 2013
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a hereditary cardiac condition associated with ventricular arrhythmias, heart failure, and sudden death. The most frequent ARVC genes encode desmosomal proteins of which mutations in desmoglein-2, account for 10-20% of cases. This study aimed to investigate how DSG2 mutations contribute to the pathogenesis of ...
Scaringi Stefano - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The relation between Crohn's colitis (CC) and colorectal cancer is still controversial. Several case reports and retrospective studies have shown that patients with Crohn's disease (CD) have a 6- to 20-fold higher risk to develop CRC than does the normal population. The extent of disease (extensive colitis), presence of ...
Faraker C A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sampling performance of individual cervical cytology practitioners using the transformation zone sampling rate (TZSR) as a performance indicator and to assess the impact of dedicated on site training for those identified with a low TZSR. METHODS: The TZSR was calculated for all practitioners submitting ThinPrep(®) cervical ...
De Caluwé Elien - - 2013
Emotional dysregulation in childhood has been associated with various forms of later psychopathology, although no studies have investigated the personality related adolescent outcomes associated with early emotional dysregulation. The present study uses a typological approach to examine how the child behavior checklist-dysregulation profile (CBCL-DP) predicts DSM-5 pathological personality traits (as ...
Damsteegt Vernon D - - 2013
A suspected virus disease was identified from an arborescent Brugmansia x candida Pers. (syn. Datura candida Pers.) tree. The causal agent was aphid transmissible at low rates. Viral particles were purified from infected tobacco tissue, analyzed, and purified virions were inoculated into healthy tobacco plants to recreate the symptoms. The ...
Gu Di - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Long-term ketamine abuse can affect the urinary system, resulting in interstitial cystitis-like syndrome. However, its pathogenesis remains unclear. In the present study, a proteomic approach of two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-light mass spectrometry was carried out to investigate the potential disease-associated proteins in a ...
Surrey David - - 2013
Diagnostic radiology training programs must produce highly skilled diagnostic radiologists capable of interpreting radiological examinations and communicating results to clinicians. Established training performance tools evaluate interpretive skills, but trainees' competency in reporting skills is also essential. Our semi-automated passive electronic tool entitled the Quantitative Reporting Skills Evaluation (QRSE) allows radiology ...
Neff Mallery R - - 2013
To examine the psychiatric medication fill rates of adolescents after release from juvenile detention. The team reviewed 177 charts. A fill was defined as a psychiatric medication charge to Medicaid 30- or 90-days after release. Differences in demographic characteristics were compared among individuals with fills at 30- or 90-days and ...
Salaba Ondrej - - 2013
A survey of naso-pharyngeal and subcutaneous myiasis affecting roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) was conducted in the Czech Republic over an 8-year period (1999-2006). A total of 503 bucks and 264 does from six hunting localities were examined. The sampling area comprised predominantly agricultural lowlands and a mountain range primarily covered ...
Preston-Shoot Michael - - 2013
To ensure acceptable practice standards both doctors and social workers should draw on relevant legal rules when reaching professional judgements concerning, for instance, children requiring protection, people with severe mental distress and adults at risk, information sharing, consent to intervention and service user involvement in their care and treatment. Many ...
Orstavik Kristin - - 2013
BACKGROUND Microneurography is a neurophysiological technique which enables recording from single peripheral nerve fibres in persons who are awake. The method is only used in research. We discuss how microneurography has been used to map nerve-fibre functions under normal circumstances and in chronic pain conditions.METHOD The article is based on ...
Park Steve - - 2013
Flexible electronics offer a wide-variety of applications such as flexible circuits, flexible displays, flexible solar cells, skin-like pressure sensors, and conformable RFID tags. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising material for flexible electronics, both as the channel material in field-effect transistors (FETs) and as transparent electrodes, due to their high ...
Liu Sha - - 2013
Immunoglobulin M (IgM) nephropathy is an idiopathic glomerulonephritis characterized by mesangial deposits of IgM. IgM nephropathy presenting with proteinuria, especially nephrotic syndrome, frequently is steroid-dependent or steroidresistant and associated with reaching endstage renal disease after a 15-year follow-up. Because no long-term effective treatment is known for patients with IgM nephropathy, ...
Ollevier Thierry - - 2013
This review covers uses of bismuth catalysts since 2005 with a special emphasis on the emerging applications of such catalysts. Low toxicity, low catalytic loading, synergistic effects with other catalysts, and some hydrocompatibility properties confer to bismuth salts major advantages. The expanding activity in the field clearly highlights the growing ...
Das Sushanta K - - 2013
Graphene oxide decorated with an electron donor, zinc(ii) phthalocyanine, and an electron acceptor, fullerene, has been synthesized, and photoinduced electron transfer leading to charge-separation is reported.
You Jae Bem - - 2013
Along with the expansion of microfluidics into many areas of applications such as sensors, microreactors and analytical tools, many other materials besides poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) have been suggested such as poly(imide) (PI) or poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). However, the sealing methods for these materials are not reliable in that many of the ...
Singh Siddharth - - 2013
Several preclinical and observational studies have shown that anti-diabetic medications (ADMs) can modify the risk of hepatocellular cancer (HCC) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). We performed a systematic review and meta-analyses of studies evaluating the effect of metformin, thiazolidinediones (TZDs), sulfonylureas, and/or insulin on the risk of HCC. We ...
Ramesh S V - - 2013
Of late non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs)-mediated gene silencing is an influential tool deliberately deployed to negatively regulate the expression of targeted genes. In addition to the widely employed small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated gene silencing approach, other variants like artificial miRNA (amiRNA), miRNA mimics, and artificial transacting siRNAs (tasiRNAs) are being explored ...
Bensenane M - - 2013
The excessive and unsustainable exploitation of our marine resources has led to the promotion of marine reserves as a fisheries management tool. Marine reserves, areas in which fishing is restricted or prohibited, can offer opportunities for the recovery of exploited stock and fishery enhancement. This study examines the impact of ...
Fortmann A L - - 2013
Study Design:This is a single-group, retrospective study.Objectives:The objective of this study was to understand the factors contributing to satisfaction with life (SWL) among veterans with a spinal cord injury (SCI) completing rehabilitation.Setting:This study was conducted at Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Diego.MethodsBetween 1998 and 2010, N=118 Veterans participated in a ...
Bakht Mohamadreza K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Previously, a promising [Formula: see text]-emitting praseodymium-142 glass seed was proposed for brachytherapy of prostate cancer. In accordance with the previous study, a (142)Pr capillary tube-based radioactive implant (CTRI) was suggested as a source with a new structure to enhance application of [Formula: see text]-emitting radioisotopes such as (142)Pr ...
Bonancía Paula - - 2013
The photochemical processes occurring in diastereomeric dyads (S,S)- and (S,R)-, prepared by conjugation of (S)-2-(2-hydroxy-1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl)propanoic acid ((S)-) with (S)- and (R)-, have been investigated. In acetonitrile, the fluorescence spectra of (S,S)- and (S,R)- were coincident in shape and position with that of (S)-, although they revealed a markedly stereoselective quenching. ...
Burns Michael E - - 2013
Statements about morphological variation in extinct taxa often suffer from insufficient sampling that can be remedied by taking advantage of larger sample sizes provided by related, extant taxa. This analysis quantitatively and qualitatively examines histological and morphological variation of osteoderms from extant and extinct alligatoroid specimens. Statistically significant differences were ...
Wang X - - 2013
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of paclitaxel with S-1 (PS) vs. S-1 in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). METHODS: Eighty-two (82) patients were 1:1 randomly assigned to oral S-1 (daily for 2 weeks, every 4 weeks' cycle) or S-1 (daily for 2 weeks, ...
Little Michael A - - 2013
Until 50 years ago, high-altitude terrestrial research was conducted largely within the realm of environmental physiology, where interests were focused on physiological mechanisms and mountain exploration. Scientists from the United States, Europe, and Peru had developed sophisticated physiological models of adaptation and acclimatization to the hypoxia of high altitude, but ...
Gruszewska E - - 2013
Objectives: Changes in the glycosylation of plasma proteins have been linked to the aetiology of the rheumatic diseases. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the levels of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Method: Studies ...
Astiz S - - 2013
Previous studies indicate that reproductive prolificacy of obese swine breeds is markedly influenced by embryo losses in early pregnancy. In such period, adequate secretion of progesterone (P4) by the ovary is essential for pregnancy success. This study analyses the luteal functionality during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy of Iberian ...
Cho Kye-Youl - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Standard thromboprophylaxis guidelines have not been applied universally in regions with low incidence of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) considering risks of chemoprophylaxis and low incidence itself. We evaluated the prevalence of DVT, efficacy and safety of chemoprophylaxis, and necessity of pharmacological prevention in a low DVT incidence population. METHODS: One ...
Boulton Andrew J M - - 2013
Diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSPN) occurs in around one-third of patients with diabetes and is associated with significant morbidity and increased mortality. Diagnosis and clinical assessment of DSPN remains a challenge, not only for the physician in clinical practice but also for clinical trials. Optimal diabetes control is generally considered ...
Srinivasan Divya - - 2013
Fitts' law cannot be used to predict movement times (MTs) of bimanual tasks since no empirical relationships associating task difficulty and bimanual MT have been demonstrated yet. Development of a 'bimanual task difficulty index' has been challenged by the complex patterns of coordination involved in simultaneously performing two tasks, one ...
Moore C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Cytology laboratories routinely treat cervical liquid-based cytology (LBC) specimens that are heavily contaminated with blood with glacial acetic acid (GAA) in order to lyse red blood cells and facilitate assessment. However, the impact on downstream human papillomavirus (HPV) detection is not well understood. This study examines the effect of ...
Zhu Liqian - - 2013
Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt is an important cellular pathway that has been shown to participate in various replication steps of multiple viruses. In the present study, we compared the phosphorylation status of Akt during infection of MARC-145 cells and porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) with highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) strain HuN4. We observed ...
Kumar R - - 2013
To study the asphericity of femoral head in femoroacetabular impingement using radiological indices such as alpha angle and triangular index, and to compare the alpha angle and triangular index measured in the radiograph and MRI. The study was conducted prospectively from January 2008 to June 2009 on 50 consecutive patients ...
Drange Hole Lisa - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Short-time models (STM) to study the cardiotoxicity (acute or chronic) of doxorubicin in rats are of interest to assess protective interventions and pathways. STM promotes more ethical animal treatment with less stress, and at a lower cost compared to established long-time models (LTM). We wanted to investigate if ...
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