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Davy Jonathan - - 2013
This study compared the effects of a 1 h self-selected recovery period to those of a standard night shift arrangement (with a total break time of 1-h) over a simulated three-day night shift schedule in a laboratory setting. Results showed that the inclusion of the flexible nap scheme resulted in higher ...
Ferreira Luciano Ambrosio - - 2013
A prospective, double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial was conducted in patients with chronic temporomandibular disorder (TMD) to check the analgesic efficacy of infrared low-power GaAlAs diode laser applied to acupuncture points. Forty female subjects, ranging in age from 20 to 40 years, with diagnoses of chronic myofascial pain and arthralgia were ...
Obara Boguslaw - - 2013
Colocalisation, the overlap of subcellular structures labelled with different colours, is a key step to characterise cellular phenotypes. We have developed a novel bioimage informatics approach for quantifying colocalisation of round, blob-like structures in two-colour, highly resolved, three-dimensional fluorescence microscopy datasets. First, the algorithm identifies isotropic fluorescent particles, of relative ...
Zhou Xue - - 2013
Objective: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) is a potentially effective vehicle for the cell and gene therapy in clinical disease treatment. We studied whether the most commonly used anesthetic drugs have negative effects on rat BMSCs in vitro. Materials and methods: The cultured BMSCs were treated with sevoflurane (in ...
Allen Jennifer C - - 2013
Hemolyitic uremic syndrome (HUS), characterized by triad of acute kidney injury, thrombocytopenia, and hemolytic anemia, has considerable morbidity and mortality and is known to be associated with diarrheal illness. It usually occurs after a diarrheal illness due to Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a rare but well recognized trigger ...
Tang Xi - - 2013
Objective: To explore the long-term outcome and prognostic factors of primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in Chinese adults. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 104 adults with primary FSGS. Clinical records and renal biopsies were reviewed. The primary endpoint was end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and death. Results: The most ...
Raz Raanan - - 2013
We describe a survey of children with ASD aged 4-10 years. The main dependent variables were out-of-pocket expenditures for health services and hours of therapy. Multivariable logistic regression models were used in order to find independent predictors for service utilization. Parents of 178 of the children (87 %) agreed to participate. The ...
Adams K - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to assess the working definition of a colorectal anastomotic leak among colorectal surgeons and to survey the current approach to investigation and management of a patient with a suspected anastomotic leak. METHODS: Online survey consisting of nine questions regarding the definition, assessment and ...
Chapalain Annelise - - 2013
The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) comprises strains with a virulence potential toward immunocompromised patients as well as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Owing to the link between quorum sensing (QS) and virulence, most studies among Bcc species have been directed toward QS of pathogenic bacteria. We have investigated the QS of ...
Tsukushi Satoshi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Whether to preserve or sacrifice critical structures (bone, major vessels and major nerves) adjacent to soft tissue sarcomas is still controversial. Referring to characteristic imaging and intraoperative findings, we perform planned preservation surgery for these critical structures. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome of ...
Altemani Albina - - 2013
AIMS: Signet-ring cell (SRC) change has not been reported in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). The aim of this study was to describe the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings in four cases of ACC with SRCs (ACC-SRC), in which the relative proportion of the SRC component ranged from 25% to 50%. METHODS ...
Li Wanlong - - 2013
Non-additive allelic interactions underlie over dominant and under dominant inheritance, which explain positive and negative heterosis. These heteroses are often observed in the aboveground traits, but rarely reported in root. We identified a very short root (VSR) phenotype in the F(1) hybrid between the common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) landrace ...
Shiel Alyssa E - - 2013
Groundwater samples were collected from the Integrated Field Research Challenge field site in Rifle, CO over the course of a bicarbonate-induced U desorption-adsorption experiment. Uranium concentrations and high precision U isotopic compositions (238U/235U) of these groundwater samples were determined and used to assess the impact of bicarbonate-induced U(VI) desorption from ...
Inoue Fumitaka - - 2013
Distal embolization (DE) is a serious complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with stable angina. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the coronary plaque characteristics that indicate DE during PCI in patients with stable angina using virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS). Three hundred and sixty-four consecutive ...
Chen Jianfei - - 2013
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) poses a great threat to the Chinese swine industry. During 2006-2011, 74.0 % (94/127) of samples from 32 swine-raising farms in 15 provinces were positive for PEDV by reverse transcription nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nested PCR). The sequences of nucleocapsid (N) genes of 32 representative field ...
Fitzpatrick Sian - - 2013
This review was aimed at systematically investigating the evidence suggesting that obese individuals demonstrate impaired performance on behavioural tasks examining executive functioning abilities. A systematic review of literature was carried out by searching five separate databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PubMed) and a hand search of relevant journals. Twenty-one ...
Blanc Frédéric - - 2013
We show that natural abundance oxygen-17 NMR of solids could be obtained in minutes at a moderate magnetic field strength by using dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP). Electron spin polarization could be transferred either directly to 17O spins or indirectly via 1H spins in inorganic oxides and hydroxides using an oxygen-free ...
Schindler Oliver S - - 2013
PURPOSE: To comprise current knowledge on morphology, embryology and pathophysiology of synovial plicae as well as on clinical and therapeutic aspects of the plica syndrome. METHODS: Review of the literature combined with a meta-analysis of studies assessing the outcome of open or arthroscopic plica excision including the author's own series. ...
Sun Qin - - 2013
Odontoblasts are terminally differentiated cells that play a vital role in dentinogenesis. The differentiation of odontoblasts is regulated by a variety of genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. Our previous microRNA microarray studies verified that miR-338-3p was up-regulated during odontoblast differentiation. The purpose of this study was to determine the function of ...
Maezawa Kayoko - - 2013
Although there are 23 generic levofloxacin (100 mg) tablets (LVFX tablets) and 1 brand name LVFX tablet (supply now discontinued) in Japan, there have been no reports that have evaluated and compared the dissolution profiles of LVFX tablets using the same dissolution method. We studied the dissolution profile of LVFX tablets ...
Andouche A - - 2013
Background: In the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis, iridescence is known to play a role in patterning and communication. In iridophores, iridosomes are composed of reflectins, a protein family, which show great diversity in all cephalopod species. Iridosomes are established before hatching but very little is known about how these cells are ...
Bock Margret E - - 2013
Aim: Children with steroidresistant (SR) and steroid-dependent (SD) nephrotic syndrome (NS) pose a treatment challenge. Literature on the use of tacrolimus (TAC), a calcineurin inhibitor, for maintenance treatment of NS is sparse. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-dose, long-term TAC for inducing and sustaining remission in ...
Muñoz-Almagro Carmen - - 2013
This review is based on published literature about some of the potential advantages and challenges of the second generation of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, with special reference to 13-valent vaccine in children and adults.
Yilmaz Huseyin Baki - - 2013
Aim of this work is to find out whether the symptoms attributable to adenoid hypertrophy in adolescents may be treated with intranasal mometasone furoate (MF) application. To learn if adenoid hypertrophy in adolescents may decrease in size with intranasal MF. A prospective, double blind, randomized, cross-over study was conducted in ...
Corton Marta - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: CRB1 mutations are reported as cause of severe congenital and early-onset retinal dystrophies (EORD) with different phenotypic manifestations, including Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA), retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and cone-rod dystrophies. Comprehensive mutational scanning of the whole gene has been only performed in few cohorts, mainly in LCA patients. Here, ...
Page Mark - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urological investigation in children frequently involves high radiation doses; however, the issue of radiation for these investigations receives little attention compared with CT. OBJECTIVE: To compare the radiation dose from paediatric urological investigations with CT, which is commonly regarded as the more major source of radiation exposure. MATERIALS AND ...
Huber Katharina T - - 2013
The construction of a dendogram on a set of individuals is a key component of a genomewide association study. However, even with modern sequencing technologies the distances on the individuals required for the construction of such a structure may not always be reliable making it tempting to exclude them from ...
Bunch Dustin R - - 2013
Complex matrices, for example urine, serum, plasma, and whole blood, which are common in clinical chemistry testing, contain many non-analyte compounds that can interfere with either detection or in-source ionization in chromatography-based assays. To overcome this problem, analytes are extracted by protein precipitation, solid-phase extraction (SPE), and liquid-liquid extraction. With ...
Jiang Yong - - 2013
Ciliated protozoa (ciliates) play important ecological roles in coastal waters, especially regarding their interaction with environmental parameters. In order to increase our knowledge and understanding on the functional structure of ciliate communities and their relationships to environmental conditions in marine ecosystems, a 12-month study was carried out in a semi-enclosed ...
Lopes Roberto Iglesias - - 2013
Abstract Endourological methods are attractive procedures for the treatment of ureterointestinal stenosis. However, serious complications may occur. This article reports the case of an endovascular repair of a nearly fatal ruptured common iliac artery pseudoaneurysm after endoureterotomy. A 62-year-old man submitted to bilateral ureteroileostomy developed left ureteroileal anastomosis stricture. Endourological ...
Moraes Julio C B - - 2013
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a strong marker of cardiovascular disease with recent evidence that inflammation may also influence its levels; discrimination of this confounding variable is of particular interest in rheumatic diseases. Therefore, we evaluated NT-proBNP in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients pre- and post-TNF blocker to determine the ...
van der Weerden Nicole L - - 2013
Antimicrobial peptides are a vital component of the innate immune system of all eukaryotic organisms and many of these peptides have potent antifungal activity. They have potential application in the control of fungal pathogens that are a serious threat to both human health and food security. Development of antifungal peptides ...
Antoniou Aglaia - - 2013
The European hare populations of the Balkan Peninsula comprise two divergent phylogenetic lineages with discrete geographical distribution slightly overlapping in the area of northeastern Greece and Bulgaria. Here we elucidate their contact zone, by defining the spatial distributional pattern of the two highly divergent groups, detecting individuals of hybrid origin, ...
Ahmadzadeh Arman - - 2013
In rheumatoid arthritis, diagnosis of bone erosions and osteopenic changes in earlier stages is extremely important to the initiation of specific and more aggressive treatment to subsidize the disease, decrease morbidities, and increase patients' quality of life. In the present study, we assessed consensus rate of rheumatologists and radiologists regarding ...
Kozak Katherine R - - 2013
Miniaturization of immunoassays has numerous potential advantages over traditional ELISAs. Here we present a novel approach using patterned planar plates (PPPs). These 'wall-less' plates consist of a 16 × 24 array of 2 mm diameter hydrophilic regions surrounded by a hydrophobic polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coating. Assays are performed by adding 2 ...
Itto Afaf Ben - - 2013
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the commonest of the muscular dystrophies. The DMD gene (DMD) is the biggest human gene and the most common molecular defect in the DMD gene, accounting for approximately 65 % of cases of DMD, is the deletion of one or more exons. The most basic ...
Li Guanying - - 2013
Based on an azo-thiol redox reaction, a non-emissive dinuclear iridium(iii) complex showed off-on phosphorescent response toward thiols and was developed to image thiol levels in living cells.
Chen Bo-Yu - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine changes in expression of transforming growth factor β-2 (TGF-β2) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in scleral desmocytes from anterior and posterior portions of experimentally-induced myopic eyes of guinea pigs. METHODS: Three groups (n = 10) of 2-week-old guinea pigs were used to develop concave lens-induced myopia (LIM) in ...
Shimada Kazuhiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Altered expression of collapsin response mediator proteins (CRMPs) has been reported in several malignant tumors, including downregulation of CRMP1 in lung cancer and upregulation of CRMP2 in colorectal cancer. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between CRMP expression and clinicopathological characteristics in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: Twenty-two ...
Fior Simone - - 2013
Aquilegia is a well-known model system in the field of evolutionary biology, but obtaining a resolved and well-supported phylogenetic reconstruction for the genus has been hindered by its recent and rapid diversification. Here, we applied 454 next-generation sequencing to PCR amplicons of 21 of the most rapidly evolving regions of ...
Le Rolle Virginie - - 2013
In this paper, a mathematical model of the respiratory mechanics is used to reproduce experimental signal waveforms acquired from three newborn lambs. As the main challenge is to determine specific lamb parameters, a sensitivity analysis has been realized to find the most influent parameters, which are identified using an evolutionary ...
Roballo Kcs - - 2013
Very few carnivore's embryology is reported mainly restricted to old literature without new technique analyses. Also, their development focuses on pharyngeal arches and stem cell sources and the high capacity for differentiation from those cells to generate embryonic tissue. We aimed to use immunohistochemistry to prove the potentiality of these ...
Pinto Ana Carolina Matias Dinelly - - 2013
Trying to surpass host defenses, fungal infections alter the immune response. Components from nonpathogenic fungi present therapeutic anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating activities. This study reveals that proteins present in a Coccidioides posadasii extract provide anti-inflammatory benefit in experimental arthritis. Zymosan was given intra-articularly to rats and mice, and groups were pretreated ...
Butros Selim R - - 2013
We report a previously healthy 8-year-old boy who presented to the hospital with a palpable abdominal mass, fever and abdominal pain. CT and MRI scans confirmed a large mass that was centered in the retroperitoneum. The lesion was biopsied and the histology showed branching hyphae. Tissue cultures grew Aspergillus fumigatus ...
Conn Simon J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hydroponic growth systems are a convenient platform for studying whole plant physiology. However, we found through trialling systems as they are described in the literature that our experiments were frequently confounded by factors that affected plant growth, including algal contamination and hypoxia. We also found the way in ...
Mazziotti Gherardo - - 2013
Glucocorticoids modulate the secretion of growth hormone (GH) by various and competing effects on the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. The final effects of this modulation depend on hormone concentrations and the duration of exposure. The traditional hypothesis is that chronically raised levels of glucocorticoids suppress the secretion of GH. However, ...
Miller K - - 2013
Background:Standard treatment options are limited for the management of non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This study, part of the ENTHUSE (EndoTHelin A USE) phase III programme, evaluated the efficacy and safety of the oral specific endothelin (ET)(A) receptor antagonist zibotentan vs placebo in patients with non-metastatic CRPC (non-mCRPC).Methods:This was a ...
Carbonell-Estrany Xavier - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To assess the impact of household smoking and palivizumab prophylaxis on the risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalisation in late-preterm (32-35 weeks' gestational age) infants. Methods: Familial smoking and other RSV risk factor data from the FLIP, FLIP-2 and IMpact studies and datasets from France, Germany and ...
Wong Connie H Y - - 2013
Natural killer T (NKT) cells were first recognized more than two decades ago as a distinct lymphocyte lineage that regulates a broad range of immune responses. The activation of NKT cells paradoxically can lead to either suppression or stimulation of immune responses, but despite this uncertainty, many investigators are hopeful ...
Neaux Dimitri - - 2013
Previous studies showed that in modern humans the basicranium is formed of two modules: the midline cranial base and the lateral basicranium which are integrated with the face in very different ways. The study of the relationship between these structures is of prime interest in the context of hominids craniofacial ...
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