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Ravipati Srikanth - - 2013
A double-layer nanostructure comprising amorphous Si nanograss on top of Si nanofrustums (NFs) with a total height of 680 nm exhibits ultralow reflection. Almost near-unity absorption and near-zero reflectance result in this layered nanostructure over a broad range of wavelengths and a wide range of angles of incidence, due to ...
Leontiadis Grigorios I - - 2013
By systematic review and meta-analysis, we sought to assess the impact of comorbidity on short-term mortality in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). We conducted systematic searches in PubMed and Embase (January 1989-January 2010). Relative risks (RRs) were pooled across selected studies and an analysis of diagnostic test accuracy was ...
Itto Afaf Ben - - 2013
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the commonest of the muscular dystrophies. The DMD gene (DMD) is the biggest human gene and the most common molecular defect in the DMD gene, accounting for approximately 65 % of cases of DMD, is the deletion of one or more exons. The most basic ...
Li Guanying - - 2013
Based on an azo-thiol redox reaction, a non-emissive dinuclear iridium(iii) complex showed off-on phosphorescent response toward thiols and was developed to image thiol levels in living cells.
Chen Bo-Yu - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine changes in expression of transforming growth factor β-2 (TGF-β2) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in scleral desmocytes from anterior and posterior portions of experimentally-induced myopic eyes of guinea pigs. METHODS: Three groups (n = 10) of 2-week-old guinea pigs were used to develop concave lens-induced myopia (LIM) in ...
Shimada Kazuhiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Altered expression of collapsin response mediator proteins (CRMPs) has been reported in several malignant tumors, including downregulation of CRMP1 in lung cancer and upregulation of CRMP2 in colorectal cancer. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between CRMP expression and clinicopathological characteristics in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: Twenty-two ...
Fior Simone - - 2013
Aquilegia is a well-known model system in the field of evolutionary biology, but obtaining a resolved and well-supported phylogenetic reconstruction for the genus has been hindered by its recent and rapid diversification. Here, we applied 454 next-generation sequencing to PCR amplicons of 21 of the most rapidly evolving regions of ...
Wei Guangquan - - 2013
A 48-year-old woman was admitted with a 3-year history of intermittent dizziness and unstable gait. Cranial MRI demonstrated a laminated lesion of T2 hyperintensity and T1 hypointensity involving the left cerebellar hemisphere, which appeared enlarged (figure, A and B). Secondary hydrocephalus and Chiari I malformation were observed. Because the striated ...
Litwiller Brett J - - 2013
The impact of bullying in all forms on the mental health and safety of adolescents is of particular interest, especially in the wake of new methods of bullying that victimize youths through technology. The current study examined the relationship between victimization from both physical and cyber bullying and adolescent suicidal ...
Irvine A B - - 2013
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: Research shows that Internet training for direct care workers in long-term care facilities is effective, but little is known about how it works in a non-research setting, and if an available training programme would continue to be used. Three facilities trained all their direct care workers in a ...
Jackson Graham - - 2013
Evaluation of a likelihood ratio is widely recognised as the most logical and appropriate means of assessing and expressing the weight of expert scientific evidence. This paper describes the application of such an approach to cases involving the comparison of images of hands that contain visible scars. Such evidence is ...
Anastasiadou Maria - - 2013
Avian β-defensins (AvβDs) constitute a family of antimicrobial peptides that are critical to innate immunity in chickens, providing protection against microbial pathogens including Salmonella Enteritidis (SE). As apart from the digestive tract another main route of SE colonization in birds is via infection of the oviduct and specifically of the ...
Shrestha Sachin Man Bajimaya SM Intelligent Systems for Medicine Laboratory, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, - - 2013
We model complete growth of an avascular tumour by employing cellular automata for the growth of cells and steady-state equation to solve for nutrient concentrations. Our modelling and computer simulation results show that, in the case of a brain tumour, oxygen distribution in the tumour volume may be sufficiently described ...
Yoshida Tomoyuki - - 2013
In this study, we examined the dynamics of cellular immune responses in the acute phase of dengue virus (DENV) infection in a marmoset model. Here, we found that DENV infection in marmosets greatly induced responses of CD4/CD8 central memory T and NKT cells. Interestingly, the strength of the immune response ...
Budyal Sweta - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of modern conformal fractionated radiotherapy (RT) in patients with uncured Cushing's disease (CD) after failed transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). In this retrospective analysis, we reviewed records of patients with CD who received modern conformal fractionated RT between 2001 and 2010. Records ...
Zhang Shuo - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to study the feasibility of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for the removal of gastric muscularis propria tumors and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ESD for this treatment. METHODS: Eighteen patients with gastric SMTs originating from the muscularis propria were treated by ESD between ...
Yoon Byung Il - - 2013
We conducted a retrospective analysis of acute cystitis (AC) patients to evaluate the risk factors of recurrent cystitis (RC) patients following AC. The clinical records of 254 subjects with a confirmed diagnosis of AC and 90 healthy subjects who visited the Health Promotion Center between 2008 and 2012 were reviewed. ...
Konz Ioana - - 2013
Laser ablation coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry has been developed for the elemental imaging of Mg, Fe and Cu distribution in histological tissue sections of fixed eyes, embedded in paraffin, from human donors (cadavers). This work presents the development of a novel internal standard correction methodology based on ...
Joyner Jeff C JC Department of Chemistry, The Ohio State University, 100 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. - - 2013
Metallopeptides containing both the complex Cu(2+)-glycyl-glycyl-histidine (Cu-GGH) and the sequence WRWYCR were shown to possess antimicrobial activity against a variety of pathogenic bacteria, as well as bind to and cleave a variety of nucleic acids, suggesting potential mechanisms for antimicrobial activity that involve binding and/or irreversible cleavage of bacterial nucleic ...
Defina Laura F LF The Cooper Institute and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. - - 2013
Primary prevention of Alzheimer disease and other types of dementia (all-cause dementia) is an important public health goal. Evidence to date is insufficient to recommend any lifestyle change to prevent or delay the onset of dementia. To assess the association between objectively measured midlife cardiorespiratory fitness ("fitness") levels and development ...
Ostrzenski Adam - - 2013
The objective of this article was to assist cosmetic-plastic surgeons in selecting aesthetic cosmetic gynecologic-plastic surgical interventions. Target methodological analyses of pertinent evidence-based scientific papers and anecdotal information linked to surgical techniques for cosmetic-plastic female external genitalia were examined. A search of the existing literature from 1900 through June 2011 ...
Zhu Junfeng J Medical School, Department of Orthopaedics, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, - - 2013
To address the question, compared to having hip replacement with latent revision, does Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) before primary hip replacement occupy a preferable treatment strategy for middle aged (aged 35-54 years) hip dysplasia patients? We assessed the mid-term functional outcome and survivorship of PAO in those patients. Forty-one hips ...
Le Rolle Virginie - - 2013
In this paper, a mathematical model of the respiratory mechanics is used to reproduce experimental signal waveforms acquired from three newborn lambs. As the main challenge is to determine specific lamb parameters, a sensitivity analysis has been realized to find the most influent parameters, which are identified using an evolutionary ...
Falck-Ytter Terje - - 2013
Looking at other children's interactions provides rich learning opportunities for a small child. How children with autism look at other children is largely unknown. Using eye tracking, we studied gaze performance in children with autism and neurotypical comparison children while they were watching videos of semi-naturalistic social interactions between young ...
Zhu Jing - - 2013
Double minutes (DMs) are hallmarks of gene amplification. However, their molecular structure and the mechanisms of formation are largely unknown. To elucidate the structure and underlying molecular mechanism of DMs, we obtained and cloned DMs using micro-dissection and degenerated oligonucleotide primed PCR (DOP-PCR) from the ovarian cancer cell line UACC-1598. ...
Roballo Kcs - - 2013
Very few carnivore's embryology is reported mainly restricted to old literature without new technique analyses. Also, their development focuses on pharyngeal arches and stem cell sources and the high capacity for differentiation from those cells to generate embryonic tissue. We aimed to use immunohistochemistry to prove the potentiality of these ...
Shim Gayong G College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2013
Here, we report a cationic nanolipoplex as a pulmonary cellular delivery system for small-interfering RNA (siRNA). Six nanoliposomes differing in cationic lipids were formulated and screened in vitro and in vivo for cellular delivery functions in lung cells/tissues. Although the six nanoliposomes showed similar siRNA delivery efficiency in vitro, they ...
Qureshi Zeeshan Z Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 2002 Holcombe Blvd. (152), Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
Case-control studies in the United States and Europe have linked occupational exposure to volatile sulfur compounds, solvents, and pesticide to increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. However, the association between occupational exposures and the risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE) is unclear given the absence of studies in this area. This is ...
Pinto Ana Carolina Matias Dinelly - - 2013
Trying to surpass host defenses, fungal infections alter the immune response. Components from nonpathogenic fungi present therapeutic anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating activities. This study reveals that proteins present in a Coccidioides posadasii extract provide anti-inflammatory benefit in experimental arthritis. Zymosan was given intra-articularly to rats and mice, and groups were pretreated ...
Zink Klaus J - - 2013
The International Ergonomics Association Technical Committee 'Human Factors and Sustainable Development' was established to contribute to a broad discourse about opportunities and risks resulting from current societal 'mega-trends' and their impacts on the interactions among humans and other elements of a system, e.g. in work systems. This paper focuses on ...
Tsukao Hiroshi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a vitamin E-coated surface on platelet activation, focusing on the interactions among the vitamin E-coated surface, platelets and leukocytes. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or PRP containing leukocytes (LPRP) was used. No difference was observed in platelet activation between PRP and ...
Kishimoto Takashi - - 2013
It has been established that nuclear pseudostratification of the neural epithelium in vertebral embryos is caused by interkinetic nuclear migration, a cell cycle-dependent regulation of nuclear movement, during which the G2/M-phase nuclei move apically before returning basally in the G1/S phase. Here we demonstrate the cell cycle-related nuclear location characteristic ...
Bedford James L - - 2013
Iterative least-squares (ILS) has been used in CT image reconstruction for many years and has also been successfully applied to fluence optimization in intensity-modulated radiation therapy. However, most optimization schemes use aperture optimization, where it is not so clear how to apply ILS. This study therefore proposes a method of ...
Xiao Xu-Qiong - - 2013
The reduction of dichloro- and dibromo-cyclopentasilanes with C(8)K was investigated. A potassium silyl anion and a fused tricyclic silane were isolated, respectively. These results indicate that a homocyclic silylene intermediate is generated in the reduction of dibromocyclopentasilane. The trimethylsilyl group is bulky enough to protect the silylene from dimerization, however, ...
Camilleri Michael - - 2013
Functional dyspepsia refers to painful and nonpainful symptoms that are perceived to arise in the upper digestive tract but are not secondary to organic, systemic or metabolic diseases. The symptoms of this syndrome often overlap with those of GERD and IBS, making its management far from simple. If Helicobacter pylori ...
Schmiedel Benjamin Joachim BJ Department of Hematology and Oncology, Eberhard Karls University, Tuebingen, - - 2013
Natural killer (NK) cells are cytotoxic lymphocytes that largely contribute to the efficacy of therapeutic strategies like allogenic stem cell transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and application of Rituximab in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family member GITR ligand (GITRL) is frequently expressed on leukemia ...
Linnes Jacqueline C JC Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Foege Hall, Room N310C, 3720 15th Avenue NE, PO Box 355061, Seattle, WA 98195-5061, - - 2013
Staphylococcus epidermidis is an opportunistic bacterium that thrives as a commensal cutaneous organism and as a vascular pathogen. The S. epidermidis extracellular matrix binding protein (Embp) has been reported to be a virulence factor involved in colonization of medical device implants and subsequent biofilm formation. Here, we characterize the expression ...
Deng Chuan-Liang - - 2013
Spinach has long been used as a model for genetic and physiological studies of sex determination and expression. Although trisomic analysis from a cross between diploid and triploid plants identified the XY chromosome as the largest chromosome, no direct evidence has been provided to support this at the molecular level. ...
O'Reilly Beringhs André A Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Technology and Cosmetology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. - - 2013
This article describes the optimization of a peel-off facial mask formulation. An investigation was carried out on the parameters of the formulation that most affect the desirable characteristics of peel-off facial masks. Cereal alcohol had a significant effect on the drying time at concentrations of 1-12% (w/w). The applicability of ...
Wang Bin - - 2013
Diversification patterns and demography of montane species are affected by Pleistocene climate fluctuations. Empirical cases from the Qinling Mountains (QM) region, which is a major biogeographic divider of East Asia, are few. We used DNA sequence data of the complete mitochondrial ND2 gene to detect effects of the Pleistocene glaciations ...
Coleman Robert L RL Department of Gynecologic Oncology & Reproductive Medicine, University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1155 Herman Pressler Drive, Houston, TX 77030, USA. rcoleman@ - - 2013
The natural history of ovarian cancer continues to be characterized by late-stage presentation, metastatic bulky disease burden and stagnant mortality statistics, despite prolific drug development. Robust clinical investigation, particularly with modifications to primary treatment surgical goals and adjuvant therapy are increasing median progression-free survival and overall survival, although the cure ...
Csordas Adam - - 2013
Cigarette smoke is an aerosol that contains >4,000 chemicals, including nicotine, carbon monoxide, acrolein, and oxidant compounds. Exposure to cigarette smoke induces multiple pathological effects in the endothelium, several of which are the result of oxidative stress initiated by reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrogen species, and other oxidant constituents of ...
Ji Shiliang - - 2013
A heterojunction device which has good transport characteristics and low sensitivity is obtained through two kinds of organic molecules inert to NO(2) . Using the heterojunction device, constructing more-sensitive double-heterojunction devices can get better room-temperature detection characteristics.
Almarza Jorge - - 2013
Understanding of protein-urea interactions is one of the greatest challenges to modern structural protein chemistry. Based in enzyme kinetics experiments and (1)H NMR spectroscopic analysis we proposed that urea, at low concentrations, directly interacts with the protonated histidines of the active center of RNase A, following a simple model of ...
de Lima Saintrain Maria V - - 2013
Gerodontology 2013; doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2012.00627.x Salivary tests associated with elderly people's oral health Introduction:   The saliva constitutes essential condition for the individual's health. Aim:  Identify the relation of the salivary flow and saliva pH with medicine use and oral discomfort in elderly. Methods and materials:  Cross-sectional study with 68 elderly ...
Zhang Hao - - 2013
Stem cell therapy has become a promising method for many diseases, including ischemic heart disease and heart failure. Several kinds of stem cells have been studied for heart diseases. Of them, bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs), which have been used in many clinical trials, are the most understood one. But ...
Sharma Kamendra P - - 2013
Cross-linked protein-polymer surfactant films consisting of enzymatically active hybrid nanoclusters are prepared using a novel approach based on electrostatically mediated hierarchical self-assembly. The free-standing films are structurally robust, highly hydrophilic, and exhibit sustained fluorescence or recyclable enzymatic phosphatase or oxido-reductase behavior.
Liu Ying Y Tianjin Medical University Stomatological Hospital, No. 12, Qixiangtai Road, Heping District, Tianjin, 300070, - - 2013
In order to exploit novel anticaries agents, we investigated the effects of citrus lemon oil (CLO), a type of natural product, on growth and adherence of the primary oral cariogenic bacteria Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). The growth inhibitory effect was explored with a micro-dilution assay. Adherence was analyzed by colony ...
Fuchimoto Jun - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the major infectious agent causing serious respiratory tract inflammation in infants and young children. However, an effective vaccine and anti-viral therapy for RSV infection have not yet been developed. Hop-derived bitter acids have potent pharmacological effects on inflammation. Therefore, we investigated the effects of humulone, ...
Koutmani Y - - 2013
Neurogenesis during embryonic and adult life is tightly regulated by a network of transcriptional, growth and hormonal factors. Emerging evidence indicates that activation of the stress response, via the associated glucocorticoid increase, reduces neurogenesis and contributes to the development of adult diseases.As corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) or factor is the major ...
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