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Li Yan - - 2013
The zigzag edges of graphene on Ir(111) (image) are studied by ab initio simulations and low-temperature scanning tunneling spectroscopy, providing information about their structural, electronic, and magnetic properties. No edge state is found to exist, which is explained in terms of the interplay between a strong geometrical relaxation at the ...
Dams Iwona - - 2013
The 17-phenyl PGF(2α) analogue bimatoprost (10a) is the most efficacious ocular hypotensive agent currently available for the treatment of glaucoma or ocular hypertension. A novel convergent synthesis of 13,14-en-15-ol prostamideF(2α) analogues was developed employing Julia-Lythgoe olefination of the structurally advanced phenylsulfone (+)-(5Z)-15 with an enantiomerically pure aldehyde ω-chain synthon (-)-(S)-16a. ...
Marin David - - 2013
Imatinib has been the preferred initial therapy for newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients for the last 10 years. Today, other tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are licensed for first-line use. In this paper we analyze the pros and cons of the various alternatives to imatinib and try to give some ...
Aboukais Rabih - - 2013
PURPOSE: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a well-studied disease. Although spinal tumors are frequent, many issues concerning their prognosis and management still have to be clarified. The authors studied the clinical impact and radiological progression of spinal tumors in patients with NF2 to determine their prognostic value. METHODS: A total ...
Helama Samuli - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is a notable cause of death worldwide, and while suicidal behavior appears to be associated with variations in temperature, no estimations are available of climate change impacts on suicide rates. The study aims to evaluate the influence of temperature on suicide mortality, especially on multi-decadal and longer time ...
Darmanin Thierry - - 2013
This review is an exhaustive representation of the electrochemical processes reported in the literature to produce superhydrophobic surfaces. Due to the intensive demand in the elaboration of superhydrophobic materials using low-cost, reproducible and fast methods, the use of strategies based on electrochemical processes have exponentially grown these last five years. ...
Gaffar Majida A - - 2013
PURPOSE:To evaluate whether a relationship exists between the presence of retinal hemorrhages and confessions and/or identified perpetrators in cases of abusive head trauma. METHODS:A retrospective chart review was conducted of all abusive head trauma cases. All cases that met criteria for abusive head trauma were placed into one of three ...
Yasu Yusuke - - 2013
A facile synthesis of trifluoromethylated alkenes by the radical-mediated trifluoromethylation of vinyltrifluoroborates has been developed. Togni's reagent serves as a CF(3) radical precursor in the presence of the photoredox catalyst [Ru(bpy)(3)](PF(6))(2) under visible light irradiation. This new photocatalytic protocol can be applicable to a wide variety of vinylborates containing electronically ...
Mate Karen - - 2013
A blended approach encompassing problem-based learning (PBL) and structured inquiry was used in this laboratory exercise based on the congenital disease Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), to introduce commonly used techniques in biomolecular analysis within a clinical context. During a series of PBL sessions students were presented with several scenarios involving a ...
Fashedemi Omobosede O - - 2013
We report a novel microwave-induced fast and efficient synthesis of sub-10 nm sized palladium-decorated FeCo@Fe core-shell nanoparticles (ca. 3-7 nm) from a large-sized FeCo@Fe (0.21-1.5 μm) precursor, suggesting 'top-down' nanosizing. The high electrochemical surface area, tolerance to methanol during oxygen reduction reaction, and the excellent stability of FeCo@Fe@Pd in alkaline ...
Liu Xuejun - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Microarrays have been a popular tool for gene expression profiling at genome-scale for over a decadedue to the low cost, short turn-around time, excellent quantitative accuracy and ease of data generation.The Bioconductor package puma incorporates a suite of analysis methods for determining uncertainties from Affymetrix GeneChip data and ...
Eckert Elisabeth - - 2013
A pilot study was conducted for human biomonitoring of the suspected carcinogen 2-chloroprene. For this purpose, urine samples of 14 individuals occupationally exposed to 2-chloroprene (exposed group) and of 30 individuals without occupational exposure to alkylating substances (control group) were analysed for six potential mercapturic acids of 2-chloroprene: 4-chloro-3-oxobutyl mercapturic ...
Shynlova Oksana - - 2013
Leucocyte infiltration in the decidua (maternal-foetal interface) before, during and after term (TL) and preterm labour (PTL) was studied in mouse. We also investigated the mechanism of peripheral leucocyte recruitment into decidua by analysing the tissue cytokine profiles. Decidual tissues were collected during late gestation, TL and post-partum (PP). PTL ...
Aebersold Michelle - - 2013
To provide optimal patient care, all members of the health care team must effectively communicate patient status and the current plan of care. The Crew Resource Management (CRM) training system has been successfully used in the aviation industry to manage human error and reduce risk in the operational environment. CRM ...
Irwin Peter - - 2013
Using primers and fluorescent probes specific for the most common food-borne Campylobacter species (Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli), we developed a multiplex, most probable number (MPN) assay using quantitative PCR (qPCR) as the determinant for binomial detection: i.e., number of p positive pathogen growth responses out of n = 6 observations each ...
Fang Kang - - 2013
Protein phosphatase 2A is one of four major classes of serine/threonine phosphatases. Overexpression of brain-specific regulatory subunit PPP2R2 in neuron cells is implicated in pathogenesis. The alternative splicing of PPP2R2B encodes two isoforms. They are subunit of cytoplasmic specific Bβ1 and mitochondria-targeted Bβ2. The two constructs were transfected into human ...
Rêgo Moacyr Jesus Barreto de Melo - - 2013
Breast carcinoma is one of the most common neoplasia and the first cause of women cancer related deaths worldwide. In the past few years with diagnostic increment, the number of patients diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) increased considerably and opened up new ways in research and new dilemmas ...
Sainani Nisha I - - 2013
Image-guided percutaneous biopsy of abdominal masses is among the most commonly performed procedures in interventional radiology. While most abdominal masses are readily amenable to percutaneous biopsy, some may be technically challenging for a number of reasons. Low lesion conspicuity, small size, overlying or intervening structures, motion, such as that due ...
Konkle Barbara A - - 2013
New, target specific, oral anticoagulants have been shown to be safe and effective in prevention and treatment of thromboembolism without laboratory monitoring. However, clinical use of the drugs dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban requires laboratory measurement of their anticoagulant effect in specific clinical situations. This paper reviews the data available on ...
van Leeuwen Marina T - - 2013
Given the uncertainty surrounding solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and risk of lymphoid neoplasms, we performed an ecological analysis of national Australian data for incident cases diagnosed between 2002-2006. Subtype-specific incidence was examined by latitude band (<29°S, 29-36°S, ≥37°S), a proxy for ambient UVR exposure, using multiple Poisson regression, adjusted ...
Wasay Mohammad - - 2013
Neurology is one of the most underrecognized and underappreciated specialties in Pakistan.(1) The beginnings of clinical and academic neurology in Pakistan can be traced to the 1960s when 3 neurology departments were established in 2 major cities of Pakistan: 2 in Karachi and 1 in Lahore.(2,3) One of the 2 ...
Passos Marco A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although banana (Musa sp.) is an important edible crop, contributing towards poverty alleviation and food security, limited transcriptome datasets are available for use in accelerated molecular-based breeding in this genus. 454 GS-FLX Titanium technology was employed to determine the sequence of gene transcripts in genotypes of Musa acuminata ...
Filippone Edward J - - 2013
Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN) is a single-organ autoimmune disease characterized by subepithelial deposition of immune complexes containing IgG4 resulting in proteinuria, nephrotic syndrome, and, in some, end-stage renal disease. The pathogenesis involves a chronic IgG4 response against specific podocyte antigens which have now been at least partially defined in the ...
Thielbeer Frank - - 2013
Abstract Nano materials are commonly functionalized to boost their physicochemical properties. However, there is little known about the impact of these modifications on cellular systems. Herein, we synthesized 8 types of polymeric nanoparticles bearing different functional groups, and investigated their effects on interactions with cellular membranes. As models for particle- ...
Straumann A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic, Th2-type inflammatory disease. Chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule on Th2 cells (CRTH2) is a prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2) ) receptor, expressed by Th2 cells and other inflammatory cells, including eosinophils and basophils, that mediates chemotaxis and activation. OC000459 is a selective CRTH2 antagonist and would be ...
Kim Oh Cheol - - 2013
The thermotolerant methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha is able to grow at elevated temperature up to 48 °C as one of a few yeast strains which are naturally capable of alcoholic fermentation of xylose, a pentose sugar abundant in lignocellulosic biomass. However, the current level of ethanol production from xylose by H. ...
Maulana Ridwan - - 2013
Research consistently shows that the learning environment plays an important role for early adolescents' learning and outcomes and suggests that good teacher-student relationships can serve as a protective factor for maintaining young adolescents' interest and active engagement in learning. However, less is known about the dynamic nature of teacher-student relationships ...
Osathanon Thanaphum - - 2013
Notch signaling plays critical roles in stem cells by regulating cell fate determination and differentiation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the participation of Notch signaling in neurogenic commitment of human periodontal ligament-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hPDLSCs) and to examine the ability to control differentiation of these cells ...
Sauer Heinrich - - 2013
α2-macroglobulin (α2M) is an acute phase protein released upon challenges like cardiac hypertrophy and infarction. α2M signals via lipoprotein LDL receptor related protein (LRP-1) and may induce stem cell activation. In the present study, the effects of α2M on vasculogenesis/angiogenesis and underlying signalling cascades were investigated in mouse embryonic stem ...
Parks E P - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Adolescence is an important period of physiological growth. Loss of central adiposity with preservation of lean mass during weight loss is optimal. There are discrepancies in the literature concerning changes in lean mass during weight loss in adolescents. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: This ...
Hatano Hiroko - - 2013
Fibro-osseous lesions of the jaw are poorly understood because of a significant overlap of clinical, radiological and histological features among the various types, though they present distinct patterns of disease progression. An ossifying fibroma is associated with significant cosmetic and functional disturbances, as it shows expansive proliferation. Thus, it is ...
Bilder Leon - - 2013
The causative agents in periodontal disease are periopathogenic bacteria; however, viruses have been implicated. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of different HHVs in the saliva of chronic periodontitis patients and to compare it to two groups of healthy controls. Three groups were included: chronic periodontitis ...
Jantzen Sabine U - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Anti-NMDA-encephalitis is caused by antibodies against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) and characterized by a severe encephalopathy with psychosis, epileptic seizures and autonomic disturbances. It predominantly occurs in young women and is associated in 59% with an ovarian teratoma. RESULTS: We describe effects of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from an ...
Clemmensen Peter - - 2013
For several years, clopidogrel plus aspirin has been the dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) of choice for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation. More recently, prasugrel and ticagrelor have demonstrated greater efficacy than clopidogrel. In TRITON-TIMI 38, the risk of TIMI major bleeding ...
Kan Shigenori - - 2013
We focused our attention on the endotoxin present within and on the surface of white blood cells and attempted to establish a new sample preparation method for endotoxin assays in leukocyte-rich plasma (LRP), taking advantage of the erythrocyte-aggregating property of hydroxyethyl starch. We used an endotoxin-specific turbidimetric kinetic assay, which ...
Watanabe Makoto - - 2013
Protein glycosylation analysis is important for elucidating protein function and molecular mechanisms in various biological processes. We previously developed a glycan analysis method using a 3-aminoquinoline/α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid liquid matrix (3-AQ/CHCA LM) and applied it to the quantitative glycan profiling of glycoproteins. However, information concerning glycosylation sites is lost; glycopeptide analysis ...
McElroy Susan L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess preliminarily the effectiveness of a novel opioid antagonist, ALKS-33, in binge eating disorder (BED). METHOD: In this randomized, placebo-controlled, flexible dose, proof-of-concept trial, 62 outpatients with BED and obesity received ALKS-33 (N = 26) or placebo (N = 36) for 6 weeks. Outcome measures of binge eating, ...
Yu Yong-Liang - - 2013
A low temperature micro-plasma generated in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) was used as a radiation source for the excitation of iodine and its determination by vapor generation-optical emission spectrometry. A piece of ceramic tube served as an excitation chamber to provide a small gas path for introducing a helium ...
Chouliara Z - - 2013
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: Adopting a model of personally meaningful recovery places demands on the therapeutic relationship, on clinical governance and supervision of clinicians. The recovery journey from childhood sexual abuse (CSA) starts at the point of disclosure. Findings support the use of shame-based and compassion-focused interventions with CSA survivors. ABSTRACT: Research ...
Banu Tahmina - - 2013
There is unequal access to surgical health care in underdeveloped countries such as Bangladesh. Bangladesh has a large young population, with 70 % of the population living in rural areas. All of the pediatric surgical services of the country are situated in major cities. We therefore organized an outreach service with ...
Hassan M K - - 2013
In spite of all the efforts to control H5N1 in Egypt, the virus still circulates endemically, causing significant economic losses in the poultry industry and endangering human health. This study aimed to elucidate the role of clinically healthy ducks in perpetuation of H5N1 virus in Egypt in mid-summer, when the ...
Davy Jonathan - - 2013
This study compared the effects of a 1 h self-selected recovery period to those of a standard night shift arrangement (with a total break time of 1-h) over a simulated three-day night shift schedule in a laboratory setting. Results showed that the inclusion of the flexible nap scheme resulted in higher ...
Ferreira Luciano Ambrosio - - 2013
A prospective, double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial was conducted in patients with chronic temporomandibular disorder (TMD) to check the analgesic efficacy of infrared low-power GaAlAs diode laser applied to acupuncture points. Forty female subjects, ranging in age from 20 to 40 years, with diagnoses of chronic myofascial pain and arthralgia were ...
Obara Boguslaw - - 2013
Colocalisation, the overlap of subcellular structures labelled with different colours, is a key step to characterise cellular phenotypes. We have developed a novel bioimage informatics approach for quantifying colocalisation of round, blob-like structures in two-colour, highly resolved, three-dimensional fluorescence microscopy datasets. First, the algorithm identifies isotropic fluorescent particles, of relative ...
Zhou Xue - - 2013
Objective: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) is a potentially effective vehicle for the cell and gene therapy in clinical disease treatment. We studied whether the most commonly used anesthetic drugs have negative effects on rat BMSCs in vitro. Materials and methods: The cultured BMSCs were treated with sevoflurane (in ...
Allen Jennifer C - - 2013
Hemolyitic uremic syndrome (HUS), characterized by triad of acute kidney injury, thrombocytopenia, and hemolytic anemia, has considerable morbidity and mortality and is known to be associated with diarrheal illness. It usually occurs after a diarrheal illness due to Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a rare but well recognized trigger ...
Tang Xi - - 2013
Objective: To explore the long-term outcome and prognostic factors of primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in Chinese adults. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 104 adults with primary FSGS. Clinical records and renal biopsies were reviewed. The primary endpoint was end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and death. Results: The most ...
Raz Raanan - - 2013
We describe a survey of children with ASD aged 4-10 years. The main dependent variables were out-of-pocket expenditures for health services and hours of therapy. Multivariable logistic regression models were used in order to find independent predictors for service utilization. Parents of 178 of the children (87 %) agreed to participate. The ...
Adams K - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to assess the working definition of a colorectal anastomotic leak among colorectal surgeons and to survey the current approach to investigation and management of a patient with a suspected anastomotic leak. METHODS: Online survey consisting of nine questions regarding the definition, assessment and ...
Chapalain Annelise - - 2013
The Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) comprises strains with a virulence potential toward immunocompromised patients as well as plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Owing to the link between quorum sensing (QS) and virulence, most studies among Bcc species have been directed toward QS of pathogenic bacteria. We have investigated the QS of ...
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