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Bloom Joshua S - - 2013
For many traits, including susceptibility to common diseases in humans, causal loci uncovered by genetic-mapping studies explain only a minority of the heritable contribution to trait variation. Multiple explanations for this 'missing heritability' have been proposed. Here we use a large cross between two yeast strains to accurately estimate different ...
Bello Babawale T - - 2013
Providing maintenance hemodialysis is associated with high costs and poor outcomes. In Nigeria, more than 90% of the population lives below the poverty line, and patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) pay out-of-pocket for maintenance hemodialysis. To highlight the challenges of providing maintenance hemodialysis for patients with ESRD in Nigeria, ...
Rodrigo Emilio - - 2013
Although cystatin C (Cys) and albuminuria (Alb) are predictors of end-stage renal disease in the general population, there are limited data about the performance of these markers alone or combined with respect to the prediction of the kidney transplant outcome. We assessed the ability of one-yr creatinine (Cr), MDRD equation, ...
Erkoçoğlu Mustafa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite drug-related hypersensitivity reactions are an important health problem, epidemiologic data on drug allergy and hypersensitivity are limited, and studies including diagnostic work-up are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the actual frequency of immediate type drug hypersensitivity using diagnostic tests in school children with parent-reported ...
Guo Qinhua - - 2013
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is characterized by poor therapeutic response and poor overall survival. It is crucial that more effective therapies be developed for the treatment of GBM. Inhibitor of DNA binding protein-1 (ID1) has been shown to maintain the self-renewal capacity of neural stem cells and might be involved in ...
Fuchs Birte - - 2013
Multimeric glycoprotein von Willebrand factor (VWF) exhibits a unique triplet structure of individual oligomers, resulting from ADAMTS-13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs 13) cleavage. The faster and slower migrating triplet bands of a given VWF multimer have one shorter or longer N-terminal peptide sequence, respectively. Within ...
O'Hora Denis P - - 2013
Previous studies have identified potential sources of competing stimulus control in tests for stimulus equivalence. The present experiment employed the Nintendo Wii remote (Wiimote®) to investigate whether such competition would affect suboperant action dynamics (e.g., topographies of equivalence responses). Following one-to-many training on conditional discriminations sufficient to establish three 3-member ...
Chen Ming-Ren - - 2013
In normal anatomy, the left pulmonary artery (LPA) is usually situated higher than the right pulmonary artery (RPA); however, transposition of the great arteries (TGA), the LPA is not always situated higher than the RPA. This study was performed to clarify the relative position of the RPA and the LPA ...
Serravallo Melissa - - 2013
Sirtuins are a family of seven proteins in humans (SIRT1-SIRT7) that are involved in multiple cellular processes relevant to dermatology. The role of sirtuins in other organ systems is established. However, the importance of these proteins in dermatology is less defined. Recently, sirtuins gained international attention because of their role ...
Zeng Taotao - - 2013
In this study, a lab-scale partial nitrifying sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was developed to investigate partial nitrification at ambient temperature (16-22 °C). Techniques of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), cloning, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were utilized simultaneously to study microbial population dynamics. Partial nitrification was effectively achieved in response ...
Watts Jonathan M - - 2013
MR arterial spin labeling is primarily applied as a neuroimaging method to measure cerebral blood flow. As this technique becomes more widely available, a basic understanding of the clinical applications is necessary for optimal utilization in the setting of patient care. This review focuses on the use of arterial spin ...
Shimada Yuki - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) plays an important role in inflammation, immunity, and atherosclerosis. Plasma PTX3 level has drawn attention as a marker that responds to local inflammation. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a chronic inflammatory disorder which can affect multiple organs, develops atherosclerosis prematurely. We examined the hypotheses that the concentration ...
Shindoh Junichi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM) are increasingly treated with preoperative chemotherapy. Chemotherapy associated liver injury is associated with postoperative hepatic insufficiency (PHI) and mortality. The adequate minimum future liver remnant (FLR) volume in patients treated with extensive chemotherapy remains unknown. METHODS: All patients with standardized FLR > 20 %, who underwent ...
Li Yanan - - 2013
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) has been found to regulate the angiogenic growth factor such as VEGF, Ang-1, and Ang-2 during ischemic insults, but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we employed oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in astrocytes to mimic the ischemia in vitro. We found that OGD could ...
Benayahoum Ali - - 2013
Quantum-chemical calculations using DFT, have been performed to explain the molecular structure antioxidant activity relationship of resveratrol (RSV) (1) analogues: 3,4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,4-DHS) (2); 4,4'-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (4,4'-DHS) (3); 4-hydroxy-trans-stilbene (4-HS) (4); 3,5-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,5-DHS) (5); 3,3'-dimethoxy-4,4'-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,3'-DM-4,4'-DHS) (6); 2,4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (2,4-DHS) (7) and 2,4,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene (2,4,4'-THS) (8). It was found that all compounds studied were ...
Yang Lin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-β (TNF-β) plays important roles in mediating cancer development. Many studies have argued possible associations of TNF-β +252 A>G polymorphism with different cancers. However, association between this most frequently studied polymorphism and susceptibility to cancer still remains controversial and ambiguous. The aim of this study is to ...
Hussain Arif - - 2013
Patients who suffer from the condition known as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) present to the offices of physicians, surgeons, and pain specialists alike in overwhelming numbers. This condition has been defined as persistent back and/or leg pain despite having completed spinal surgery. As lumbar surgery continues to grow in ...
Ulaş Fatih - - 2013
The present study was designed to evaluate the associations between exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and the serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), and lipids as well as the relationship between exudative AMD and body mass index (BMI). This cross-sectional study included of 141 healthy control subjects ...
Sawyer L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Topical therapies are a mainstay of psoriasis treatment, but they vary substantially in terms of costs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost-effectiveness and optimal treatment sequence for psoriasis of the trunk, limbs and scalp. METHODS: Probabilities of response from a network meta-analysis were used to determine the short-term efficacy of ...
Calanna S - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We carried out a systematic review of clinical studies investigating glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion in patients with type 2 diabetes and non-diabetic controls and performed meta-analyses of plasma total GLP-1 concentrations during an OGTT and/or meal test. METHODS: Random effects models for the primary meta-analysis and random effects meta-regression, ...
Kotecha Mrignayani - - 2013
We studied the tissue growth dynamics of tissue-engineered cartilage at an early growth stage after cell seeding for four weeks using sodium triple-quantum coherence NMR spectroscopy. The following tissue-engineering constructs were studied: 1) bovine chondrocytes cultured in alginate beads; 2) bovine chondrocytes cultured as pellets (scaffold-free chondrocyte pellets); and 3) ...
Hoyles Katie - - 2013
There is ample evidence from a large number of clinical and pathological studies of an early involvement of olfactory bulbs and cortex in the Lewy body pathology in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD), the olfactory system being one of the first targets of degeneration in this condition. The olfactory dysfunction may ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2013
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. An early and accurate diagnosis of IHD is necessary to improve outcomes. According to recent guidelines, the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is based on increased or decreased value of cardiospecific troponins with one measure exceeding ...
Achiam-Montal Michal - - 2013
Adults with panic disorder (PD) often present to medical settings with noncardiac chest pain (NCCP), but less is known about children and adolescents with this complaint. We sought to characterize PD in youth with NCCP and compare features with PD in youth in psychiatric outpatient settings. Using a semi-structured diagnostic ...
Pinto Nilson Vieira - - 2013
The anti-inflammatory activity of Canavalia seed lectins (Canavalia gladiata [CGL], Canavalia maritima [ConM] and Canavalia brasiliensis [ConBr]) was evaluated by intravenous administration in rats. In non-sensitized rats, cellular edema elicited by carrageenan was reduced (45-51 %) by ConM and (44-59 %) by CGL. Osmotic edema elicited by dextran was reduced by ConM ...
Cerami Chiara - - 2013
The behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is one of the most frequent neurodegenerative disorders with a presenile onset. It is characterized by a long phase of subclinical behavioral changes and social conduct disorders, associated with a progressive modification of personality. Recently, an international consortium of experts developed revised guidelines ...
Diange Eboa Adolf - - 2013
The strain designated as AB21(T) was isolated from chloroethylenes contaminated soil. Cells are gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, and motile rods. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that it belonged to the genus Rhizobium, and was closely related to Rhizobium sullae IS 123(T) (97.4 %), Rhizobium yanglingense SH 22623(T) (97.2 %), ...
Sivalingam Sri - - 2013
Renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are benign renal masses that are often asymptomatic and detected incidentally. However, treatment might be necessary in symptomatic presentations or when the mass exceeds 4 cm in size. While the goal of management for renal AMLs is to relieve symptoms and prevent hemorrhage, a priority is renal function ...
Wichers M - - 2013
The use of cross-informant ratings in previous longitudinal studies on externalizing behavior may have obscured the presence of continuity of genetic risk. The current study included latent factors representing the latent estimates of externalizing behavior based on both parent and self-report which eliminated rater-specific effects from these latent estimates. Symptoms ...
Wang Zhijie - - 2013
Proximal pulmonary artery (PA) stiffening is a strong predictor of mortality in pulmonary hypertension. Collagen accumulation is mainly responsible for PA stiffening in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH) in mouse models. We hypothesized that collagen cross-linking and the type I isoform are the main determinants of large PA mechanical changes during ...
Punwani Shonit - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of splenic disease is important for staging Hodgkin lymphoma. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess T2-weighted imaging with and without dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI for evaluation of splenic Hodgkin disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one children with Hodgkin lymphoma underwent whole-body T2-weighted MRI with supplementary ...
Casas Paula - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, optic nerve head (ONH) morphologic parameters, and macular thickness and volume in patients affected by obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: This prospective, observational case-control study consisted of 96 eyes of 50 OSAHS patients (mean age of 50.9 ± 12.4 years, best-corrected ...
Koldewyn Kami - - 2013
It is widely suggested that ASD is characterized by atypical local/global processing, but the published findings are contradictory. In an effort to resolve this question, we tested a large group of children on both a free-choice task and an instructed task using hierarchical local-global stimuli. We find that although children ...
Seo Min-Ho - - 2013
A recombinant oleate hydratase from Lysinibacillus fusiformis converted ricinoleic acid to a product, whose chemical structure was identified as the novel compound 10,12-dihydroxystearic acid by gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared, and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis. The reaction conditions for the production of 10,12-dihydroxystearic acid were optimized as follows: pH 6.5, ...
Christensen Pernilla - - 2013
The National Inventory of Landscapes in Sweden (NILS) is a large-scale, sample-based monitoring program that combines aerial photointerpretation with field inventory to follow landscape-scale biophysical conditions and changes. A statistical power analysis was conducted before the NILS program began in 2003 with the aim to determine an appropriate sampling effort ...
Javan Masoud Bezi - - 2013
A study of the electronic and optical properties of the hydrogen-terminated GaAs nanocrystals Ga(68)As(68)H(96) and Ga(92)As(80)H(108) is presented. In this study, their dielectric functions, refractive indices, and absorption coefficients were calculated using density functional theory (DFT). The influence of a uniform external electric field on the optical properties of the ...
Tan Jie - - 2013
OSAHS is a common disease with many factors related to the etiology. Airflow plays an important role in the pathogenesis of OSAHS. Previous research has not yielded a sufficient understanding of the relationship between airflow in upper airway and the pathophysiology of OSAHS. Therefore, a better understanding of the flow ...
da Silva Luciana Alvarenga - - 2013
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) is a chronic painful condition with sensory, motor and affective dysfunctions. Few studies had investigated the trigeminal area, and little is known about its association with hemisensory syndrome, which is characterized by chronic pain restricted to hemibody. Our objective was to investigate sensorial abnormalities with quantitative sensory ...
Huang Wenlin - - 2013
The HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (VIF) protein is essential for viral replication. VIF recruits cellular ElonginB/C-Cullin5 E3 ubiquitin ligase to target the host antiviral protein APOBEC3G (A3G) for proteasomal degradation. Thus, the A3G-Vif-E3 complex represents an attractive target for the development of novel anti-HIV drugs. In this study, we describe ...
Burris Howard A HA - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Most targeted anticancer therapies, as well as cytotoxic and radiation therapies, are encumbered by the development of secondary resistance by cancer cells. Resistance is a complex phenomenon involving multiple mechanisms, including activation of signaling pathways such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). Novel strategies to overcome resistance ...
Sofra Maria - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although surgery and anesthesia induce immunesuppression, remains largely unknown whether various anesthetic techniques have different immunosuppressive effects on cancer patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of total intravenous anesthesia with target-controlled infusion (TIVA-TCI) and balanced inhalation anesthesia (BAL) on the peri-operative levels ...
Garvey C J - - 2013
The internal nanostructure of the diatoms Cyclotella meneghiniana, Seminavis robusta and Achnanthes subsessilis was investigated using small angle neutron scattering (SANS) to examine thin biosilica samples, consisting of isotropic (powder) from their isolated cell walls. The interpretation of SANS data was assisted by several other measurements. The N(2) adsorption, interpreted ...
Wang Juan - - 2013
Angiostrongyliasis, also known as eosinophils meningitis, is caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis parasites in the human central nervous system. Currently, the drug of choice for treatment of angiostrongyliasis is albendazole, but dead worm lysis causes severe inflammatory response, which leads to central nervous system damage. Tribendimidine, a broad-spectrum anti-helmintic drug developed ...
Cao Lei - - 2013
Hepatotoxicity of drug candidates is one of the major concerns in drug screening in early drug discovery. Detection of hepatic oxidative stress can be an early indicator of hepatotoxicity and benefits drug selection. The glutathione (GSH) and glutathione disulfide (GSSG) pair, as one of the major intracellular redox regulating couples, ...
Makino Debora Lika - - 2013
The exosome is the major 3'-5' RNA-degradation complex in eukaryotes. The ubiquitous core of the yeast exosome (Exo-10) is formed by nine catalytically inert subunits (Exo-9) and a single active RNase, Rrp44. In the nucleus, the Exo-10 core recruits another nuclease, Rrp6. Here we crystallized an approximately 440-kilodalton complex of ...
Matsuno Rayna K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Emerging data suggest that ovarian cancers differ by tumor grade. However, the reliability of microscopic grade from paraffin tissue in the general medical community and as reflected in population-based cancer registries is unknown. METHODS: We examined grade agreement between two gynecologic pathologists and the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results ...
Mora-Peris B - - 2013
We report the first published case of integrase inhibitor resistance in the central nervous system compartment in the absence of evidence of integrase inhibitor resistance in the plasma of a patient without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-encephalitis in the context of other HIV-associated central nervous system infections.
Alvarez Ricardo H - - 2013
The introduction of trastuzumab into clinical practice changed the natural course of HER2-positive breast cancer. Currently, treatment with trastuzumab represents the standard of care for HER2-positive breast cancer and this treatment has been approved in the adjuvant, neoadjuvant, and metastatic settings. Besides trastuzumab, two other anti-HER2 agents-lapatinib and pertuzumab-have been ...
Johnston Chad W - - 2013
Microorganisms produce and secrete secondary metabolites to assist in their survival. We report that the gold resident bacterium Delftia acidovorans produces a secondary metabolite that protects from soluble gold through the generation of solid gold forms. This finding is the first demonstration that a secreted metabolite can protect against toxic ...
Esch Daniel - - 2013
Terminally differentiated cells can be reprogrammed to pluripotency by the forced expression of Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc. However, it remains unknown how this leads to the multitude of epigenetic changes observed during the reprogramming process. Interestingly, Oct4 is the only factor that cannot be replaced by other members of ...
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