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Song Shan-shan SS Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Anhui Medical University, Key Laboratory of Anti-inflammatory and Immunopharmacology of Education Ministry of China, Hefei 230032, - - 2013
To investigate the therapeutic effects of BF02 on adjuvant arthritis (AA) in rats and the regulatory effects of BF02 on T lymphocyte function. SD rats received a single intradermal injection of Freund's complete adjuvant emulsion into the right hind metatarsal footpad. After the onset of AA, the rats were injected ...
Huang J S JS University of Louisville , Louisville , - - 2013
Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma have the lowest 5 year survival rate and yearly rates of incidence are nearly equal to the mortality rates. Long term cure rates by standard therapies are disappointing owing to disseminated disease at diagnosis and chemotherapeutic resistance. New therapeutic targets are necessary to decrease the progression ...
Chang Chi-hao CH Institute of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2013
To investigate whether sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a potent angiogenic factor, induced vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) expression in endothelial cells in vitro and to examine its underlying mechanisms. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were examined. VEGF-C mRNA expression in the cells was assessed using real-time PCR. VEGF-C protein and FGFR-1 ...
Blaževski Jana J Department of Immunology, Institute for Biological Research Siniša Stanković, University of Belgrade, - - 2013
To investigate the influences of betulinic acid (BA), a triterpenoid isolated from birch bark, on neuroinflammatory mediators involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in vitro. Encephalitogenic T cells were prepared from draining lymph nodes and spinal cords of Dark Agouti rats 8 to 10 d ...
Shi Wei W Laboratory of Neuroscience and Brain Development, School of Life Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China. - - 2013
Living high training low" (LHTL) is an exercise-training protocol that refers living in hypoxia stress and training at normal level of O2. In this study, we investigated whether LHTL caused physiological heart hypertrophy accompanied by changes of biomarkers in renin-angiotensin system in rats. Adult male SD rats were randomly assigned ...
Nakib Sarah S Department of Dermatology, Johns Hopkins Medical Center , Baltimore, MD , - - 2013
Periodontal disease has been associated with systemic inflammation and may be a risk factor for autoimmune diseases. This study evaluated the association between periodontal disease and the risk of incident psoriasis in a large prospective cohort study. Self-reported history of periodontal bone loss, from 1998-2008, was evaluated as a risk ...
Braumüller Heidi - - 2013
Cancer control by adaptive immunity involves a number of defined death and clearance mechanisms. However, efficient inhibition of exponential cancer growth by T cells and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) requires additional undefined mechanisms that arrest cancer cell proliferation. Here we show that the combined action of the T-helper-1-cell cytokines IFN-γ and tumour ...
Ahn Hyo-Suk - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms underlying a reduction in coronary flow reserve (CFR) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), especially apical HCM (ApHCM), are elusive. This study set out to evaluate mechanisms underlying a reduction in CFR in 2 HCM subtypes. HYPOTHESIS: Mechanisms for CFR reduction in HCM are different between the 2 subtypes of ...
Wang Guihua - - 2013
PURPOSE: Dysregulation of microRNA-100 (miR-100) has been reported to be involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression of several cancer types. However, its expression patterns in tumors are controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and clinical significance of miR-100 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Real-time ...
Malfatto Gabriella - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic heart failure, physical evaluation and clinical judgment may be inadequate for prognostic stratification. HYPOTHESIS: Information obtained with simple bedside tests would be helpful in patient management. METHODS: We report on 142 outpatients with systolic heart failure seen at our heart failure unit from 2007 to ...
Yadav Suman - - 2013
This study reports the quantification of the toxicity of particulate matter (PM)-bound metals and their possible associated risks to human health. For assessment of PM, 24-h samples of PM(10) and PM(2.5) were collected by Mini Vol-TAS sampler at an urban site of Pune. Samples were sequentially extracted with ultrapure water ...
Gao Chao - - 2013
ABSTRACT In recent decades, electrochemical detection of Arsenic(III) has been undergoing revolutionary developments, with higher sensitivity and lower detection limit. Despite great success, electrochemical detection of As(III) still depends heavily on noble metals (predominantly Au) in strong acid condition, thus increasing the cost and hampering the widespread application. Here, we ...
Crossley Dane A DA - - 2013
A chorioallantoic membrane artery in embryos of the red-footed tortoise, Chelonoidis carbonaria was occlusively cannulated for measurement of blood pressure and injection of drugs. Two age groups of embryos in the final 10 % of incubation were categorized by the ratio of embryonic body to yolk mass. All embryos first received ...
Lukkarinen Minna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To better understand the role of human rhinovirus-associated wheeze as a risk factor for childhood recurrent wheezing, a cohort of young children experiencing their first wheezing episode was followed until school age. METHODS: All 111 hospitalized wheezing children (median age, 12 months) were initially participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ...
Zeng Qiang-Lin - - 2013
Višekriterijumsko kompromisno rangiranje (VIKOR) method is one of the commonly used multi criteria decision making (MCDM) methods for improving the quality of decision making. VIKOR has an advantage in providing a ranking procedure for positive attributes and negative attributes when it is used and examined in decision support. However, we ...
Sugiishi Aya - - 2013
AIM: Appetite control is an important goal for the management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity; however, little is known about how hormones concerning appetite regulation are affected by long-term consumption of a high-fat diet. We investigated the effect of high-fat diet on secretory regulation of ghrelin ...
Garnett Sally Anne - - 2013
Comparisons of duration of response (DoR) and duration of clinical benefit (DoCB) within clinical trials are prone to biases. To address these biases, we used new methodology to prospectively analyze expected DoR and expected DoCB. Objective response rate and clinical benefit rate were calculated for fulvestrant 500 and 250 mg, and ...
D'Alessandro Roberto - - 2013
The aim of the study was to estimate the rate of conversion from clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to investigate variables predicting conversion in a cohort of patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of MS. Patients with a first symptom suggestive of MS in the preceding 6 months ...
Bugaj Lukasz J - - 2013
We report an optogenetic method based on Arabidopsis thaliana cryptochrome 2 for rapid and reversible protein oligomerization in response to blue light. We demonstrated its utility by photoactivating the β-catenin pathway, achieving a transcriptional response higher than that obtained with the natural ligand Wnt3a. We also demonstrated the modularity of ...
Heiss M - - 2013
Quantum dots embedded within nanowires represent one of the most promising technologies for applications in quantum photonics. Whereas the top-down fabrication of such structures remains a technological challenge, their bottom-up fabrication through self-assembly is a potentially more powerful strategy. However, present approaches often yield quantum dots with large optical linewidths, ...
Kim Il-Sup - - 2013
We investigated Arctic plants to determine if they have a specific mechanism enabling them to adapt to extreme environments because they are subject to such conditions throughout their life cycles. Among the cell defense systems of the Arctic mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium arcticum, we identified a stress-responsive dehydrin gene CaDHN that ...
Bello Babawale T - - 2013
Providing maintenance hemodialysis is associated with high costs and poor outcomes. In Nigeria, more than 90% of the population lives below the poverty line, and patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) pay out-of-pocket for maintenance hemodialysis. To highlight the challenges of providing maintenance hemodialysis for patients with ESRD in Nigeria, ...
Rodrigo Emilio - - 2013
Although cystatin C (Cys) and albuminuria (Alb) are predictors of end-stage renal disease in the general population, there are limited data about the performance of these markers alone or combined with respect to the prediction of the kidney transplant outcome. We assessed the ability of one-yr creatinine (Cr), MDRD equation, ...
Erkoçoğlu Mustafa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite drug-related hypersensitivity reactions are an important health problem, epidemiologic data on drug allergy and hypersensitivity are limited, and studies including diagnostic work-up are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the actual frequency of immediate type drug hypersensitivity using diagnostic tests in school children with parent-reported ...
Guo Qinhua - - 2013
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is characterized by poor therapeutic response and poor overall survival. It is crucial that more effective therapies be developed for the treatment of GBM. Inhibitor of DNA binding protein-1 (ID1) has been shown to maintain the self-renewal capacity of neural stem cells and might be involved in ...
Fuchs Birte - - 2013
Multimeric glycoprotein von Willebrand factor (VWF) exhibits a unique triplet structure of individual oligomers, resulting from ADAMTS-13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs 13) cleavage. The faster and slower migrating triplet bands of a given VWF multimer have one shorter or longer N-terminal peptide sequence, respectively. Within ...
O'Hora Denis P - - 2013
Previous studies have identified potential sources of competing stimulus control in tests for stimulus equivalence. The present experiment employed the Nintendo Wii remote (Wiimote®) to investigate whether such competition would affect suboperant action dynamics (e.g., topographies of equivalence responses). Following one-to-many training on conditional discriminations sufficient to establish three 3-member ...
Chen Ming-Ren - - 2013
In normal anatomy, the left pulmonary artery (LPA) is usually situated higher than the right pulmonary artery (RPA); however, transposition of the great arteries (TGA), the LPA is not always situated higher than the RPA. This study was performed to clarify the relative position of the RPA and the LPA ...
Serravallo Melissa - - 2013
Sirtuins are a family of seven proteins in humans (SIRT1-SIRT7) that are involved in multiple cellular processes relevant to dermatology. The role of sirtuins in other organ systems is established. However, the importance of these proteins in dermatology is less defined. Recently, sirtuins gained international attention because of their role ...
Zeng Taotao - - 2013
In this study, a lab-scale partial nitrifying sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was developed to investigate partial nitrification at ambient temperature (16-22 °C). Techniques of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), cloning, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were utilized simultaneously to study microbial population dynamics. Partial nitrification was effectively achieved in response ...
Watts Jonathan M - - 2013
MR arterial spin labeling is primarily applied as a neuroimaging method to measure cerebral blood flow. As this technique becomes more widely available, a basic understanding of the clinical applications is necessary for optimal utilization in the setting of patient care. This review focuses on the use of arterial spin ...
Shimada Yuki - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) plays an important role in inflammation, immunity, and atherosclerosis. Plasma PTX3 level has drawn attention as a marker that responds to local inflammation. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a chronic inflammatory disorder which can affect multiple organs, develops atherosclerosis prematurely. We examined the hypotheses that the concentration ...
Li Yanan - - 2013
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) has been found to regulate the angiogenic growth factor such as VEGF, Ang-1, and Ang-2 during ischemic insults, but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we employed oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in astrocytes to mimic the ischemia in vitro. We found that OGD could ...
Benayahoum Ali - - 2013
Quantum-chemical calculations using DFT, have been performed to explain the molecular structure antioxidant activity relationship of resveratrol (RSV) (1) analogues: 3,4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,4-DHS) (2); 4,4'-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (4,4'-DHS) (3); 4-hydroxy-trans-stilbene (4-HS) (4); 3,5-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,5-DHS) (5); 3,3'-dimethoxy-4,4'-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (3,3'-DM-4,4'-DHS) (6); 2,4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene (2,4-DHS) (7) and 2,4,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene (2,4,4'-THS) (8). It was found that all compounds studied were ...
Yang Lin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-β (TNF-β) plays important roles in mediating cancer development. Many studies have argued possible associations of TNF-β +252 A>G polymorphism with different cancers. However, association between this most frequently studied polymorphism and susceptibility to cancer still remains controversial and ambiguous. The aim of this study is to ...
Hussain Arif - - 2013
Patients who suffer from the condition known as failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) present to the offices of physicians, surgeons, and pain specialists alike in overwhelming numbers. This condition has been defined as persistent back and/or leg pain despite having completed spinal surgery. As lumbar surgery continues to grow in ...
Ulaş Fatih - - 2013
The present study was designed to evaluate the associations between exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and the serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), and lipids as well as the relationship between exudative AMD and body mass index (BMI). This cross-sectional study included of 141 healthy control subjects ...
Sawyer L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Topical therapies are a mainstay of psoriasis treatment, but they vary substantially in terms of costs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the cost-effectiveness and optimal treatment sequence for psoriasis of the trunk, limbs and scalp. METHODS: Probabilities of response from a network meta-analysis were used to determine the short-term efficacy of ...
Hoyles Katie - - 2013
There is ample evidence from a large number of clinical and pathological studies of an early involvement of olfactory bulbs and cortex in the Lewy body pathology in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD), the olfactory system being one of the first targets of degeneration in this condition. The olfactory dysfunction may ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2013
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. An early and accurate diagnosis of IHD is necessary to improve outcomes. According to recent guidelines, the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is based on increased or decreased value of cardiospecific troponins with one measure exceeding ...
Achiam-Montal Michal - - 2013
Adults with panic disorder (PD) often present to medical settings with noncardiac chest pain (NCCP), but less is known about children and adolescents with this complaint. We sought to characterize PD in youth with NCCP and compare features with PD in youth in psychiatric outpatient settings. Using a semi-structured diagnostic ...
Pinto Nilson Vieira - - 2013
The anti-inflammatory activity of Canavalia seed lectins (Canavalia gladiata [CGL], Canavalia maritima [ConM] and Canavalia brasiliensis [ConBr]) was evaluated by intravenous administration in rats. In non-sensitized rats, cellular edema elicited by carrageenan was reduced (45-51 %) by ConM and (44-59 %) by CGL. Osmotic edema elicited by dextran was reduced by ConM ...
Cerami Chiara - - 2013
The behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is one of the most frequent neurodegenerative disorders with a presenile onset. It is characterized by a long phase of subclinical behavioral changes and social conduct disorders, associated with a progressive modification of personality. Recently, an international consortium of experts developed revised guidelines ...
Diange Eboa Adolf - - 2013
The strain designated as AB21(T) was isolated from chloroethylenes contaminated soil. Cells are gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, and motile rods. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that it belonged to the genus Rhizobium, and was closely related to Rhizobium sullae IS 123(T) (97.4 %), Rhizobium yanglingense SH 22623(T) (97.2 %), ...
Sivalingam Sri - - 2013
Renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are benign renal masses that are often asymptomatic and detected incidentally. However, treatment might be necessary in symptomatic presentations or when the mass exceeds 4 cm in size. While the goal of management for renal AMLs is to relieve symptoms and prevent hemorrhage, a priority is renal function ...
Wichers M - - 2013
The use of cross-informant ratings in previous longitudinal studies on externalizing behavior may have obscured the presence of continuity of genetic risk. The current study included latent factors representing the latent estimates of externalizing behavior based on both parent and self-report which eliminated rater-specific effects from these latent estimates. Symptoms ...
Punwani Shonit - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of splenic disease is important for staging Hodgkin lymphoma. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess T2-weighted imaging with and without dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI for evaluation of splenic Hodgkin disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one children with Hodgkin lymphoma underwent whole-body T2-weighted MRI with supplementary ...
Casas Paula - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness, optic nerve head (ONH) morphologic parameters, and macular thickness and volume in patients affected by obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: This prospective, observational case-control study consisted of 96 eyes of 50 OSAHS patients (mean age of 50.9 ± 12.4 years, best-corrected ...
Koldewyn Kami - - 2013
It is widely suggested that ASD is characterized by atypical local/global processing, but the published findings are contradictory. In an effort to resolve this question, we tested a large group of children on both a free-choice task and an instructed task using hierarchical local-global stimuli. We find that although children ...
Seo Min-Ho - - 2013
A recombinant oleate hydratase from Lysinibacillus fusiformis converted ricinoleic acid to a product, whose chemical structure was identified as the novel compound 10,12-dihydroxystearic acid by gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared, and nuclear magnetic resonance analysis. The reaction conditions for the production of 10,12-dihydroxystearic acid were optimized as follows: pH 6.5, ...
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