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Results 301 - 350 of 4951
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Huang Yuahn-Sieh - - 2013
Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are widely distributed in different tissues such as bone marrow, adipose tissues, peripheral blood, umbilical cord and amnionic fluid. Recently, MSC-like cells were also found to exist in rat olfactory bulb and are capable of inducing differentiation into mesenchymal lineages - osteocytes, chondrocytes and adipocytes. However, ...
Low Daniel K - - 2013
AIMS: We describe our aim to create a zero-error system in our pediatric ambulatory surgery center by employing effective teamwork and aviation-style challenge and response 'flow checklists' at key stages of the patient surgical journey. These are used in addition to the existing World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklists (Ann ...
Meghji S - - 2013
Background and objective: Cutaneous anthrax usually has a mortality rate of less than 1 per cent. However, since December 2009 there have been more than 13 deaths in the UK due to anthrax-contaminated heroin. We therefore wish to raise clinical awareness of this treatable disease. Case report: We describe the ...
Christopoulos P - - 2013
A second allograft was offered to 58 relapsed AML patients after conditioning with fludarabine 90-150 mg/m(2) and thiotepa 15 mg/kg, in most cases with active disease. Median age was 53 years (range 23-69), median time to relapse after the first allo-SCT was 326 (47-2189) days and median follow-up was 6.7 years. GVHD ...
Casiraghi Maria Cristina - - 2013
In this study, nutritional and sensory properties of pasta enriched with 30% immature wheat grain (IWG), a natural source of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), are evaluated. Colour and cooking quality, nutritional value and glycaemic index (GI) of pasta were assessed in comparison with commercially enriched inulin and 100% wholewheat pastas. IWG integration ...
Shinoda Gen - - 2013
Overexpression of LIN28A is associated with human germ cell tumors and promotes primordial germ cell (PGC) development from embryonic stem cells in vitro and in chimeric mice. Knockdown of Lin28a inhibits PGC development in vitro, but how constitutional Lin28a deficiency affects the mammalian reproductive system in vivo remains unknown. Here, ...
Waters Stephanie - - 2013
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the most common cause of bacterial, seafood-related illness in the United States. Currently, there is a dearth of literature regarding immunity to infection with this pathogen. Here we studied V. parahaemolyticus-infected RAW 264.7 murine macrophage detecting both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production. We determined that infection resulted ...
Milos Bjelovic - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor has been defined as a histologically distinctive lesion with uncertain behavior. The term inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, more commonly referred to as pseudostumor, denotes a pseudosarcomatous inflammatory lesion that contains spindle cells, myofibroblasts, plasma cells, lymphocytes and histiocytes. It exhibits a variable biological behavior that ranges from ...
Tunnicliffe P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Temper outbursts are common in Prader-Willi syndrome but rarely described in detail. This study investigated the phenomenology of temper outbursts in terms of antecedents, sequence of behaviours and emotions and intervention strategies used. METHOD: A semi-structured interview about temper outbursts was conducted with the main carers of seven children ...
Elazary Ram - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The iMESH Tacker™ (IMT) device is a device which simplifies laproscopic hernia repair by enabling an articulation of the device tip. The study compares the strength of mesh fixation between the IMT and another commercial tack (ACT) device - Absorbatack™ (Covidien, Corp, Mansfield, MA, USA). Material and methods: ...
Si-Tu J - - 2013
A new and more comprehensive methodology for reporting outcomes after radical prostatectomy (RP) has been proposed: the so-called pentafecta. However, no prior studies reported intermediate- and long-term pentafecta outcomes after laparoscopic RP. We collected prospectively the clinical data of 170 consecutive patients with a minimum 60-month follow-up undergoing laparoscopic RP for ...
Deschatrettes Elodie - - 2013
The C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) exerts its action via stimulation of the cyclic GMP (cGMP) signalling pathway, which includes the activation of cGMP-dependent protein kinases. The pathway can also be activated by inhibitors of phosphodiesterases (PDE) that hydrolyse cGMP. The present report shows that activation of the cGMP pathway by ...
Saeed Asma - - 2013
The review discusses the development of loofa sponge (Luffa cylindrica) as a biotechnological tool and the diversity of applications in which it has been successfully used since it was first reported as a matrix for the immobilization of microbiological cells in 1993. The fibro-vascular reticulated structure, made up of an ...
Dong Wenna - - 2013
Objectives: This work aimed to evaluate pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, toxicity, and antitumor activities of a highly stable long-/medium-chain triglycerides (LCT/MCT)-based etoposide parenteral emulsion (EPE) in comparison to etoposide parenteral solution (EPS). Methods: Using high-pressure homogenization method, EPE was prepared and sterilized at 121°C for 10 min by autoclaving. The biological samples ...
Métellus Philippe - - 2013
Surgical excision in brain metastases has been well evaluated in unique metastases. Two randomized phase III trials have shown that combined with adjuvant whole brain radiotherapy, it significantly improves overall survival. However, even in the presence of multiple brain metastases, surgery may be useful in large, symptomatic or life-threatening lesions ...
Su Cheng-Kuan - - 2013
To investigate the dynamic dissolution of quantum dots (QDs) in cell culture media, in this study we constructed an online automatic analytical system comprising a sequential in-tube solid phase extraction (SPE) device and an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) mass spectrometer. By means of selectively extracting QDs and cadmium ions (Cd(2+)) ...
Yang Zhilin - - 2013
Unlike the solid-air and solid-liquid interfaces, the optical properties of metal nanoparticles adsorbed at the liquid-liquid interface have not been theoretically exploited to date. In this work, the three dimensional finite difference time domain (3D-FDTD) method is employed to clarify the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) based optical properties of ...
Molina Gustavo F - - 2013
Abstract Objective. This study aimed to obtain the opinions of experts in Special Care Dentistry (SCD) regarding the suitability of the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) approach for the treatment of carious lesions in persons with disability. Material and methods. Thirty expert participants from around the world, joining the SCD Task ...
Pirie Christopher M - - 2013
Through microbial engineering, biosynthesis has the potential to produce thousands of chemicals used in everyday life. Metabolic engineering and synthetic biology are fields driven by the manipulation of genes, genetic regulatory systems, and enzymatic pathways for developing highly productive microbial strains. Fundamentally, it is the biochemical characteristics of the enzymes ...
Du Y - - 2013
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are cell surface receptors that initiate signal cascades in response to ligand stimulation. Abnormal expression and dysregulated intracellular trafficking of RTKs have been shown to be involved in tumorigenesis. Recent evidence shows that these cell surface receptors translocate from cell surface to different cellular compartments, including ...
Deng Ping - - 2013
The present study evaluated the effects of fibre fermentability and viscosity in a morning meal on glucose, insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) responses to a glucose challenge later in the day in six healthy female dogs. For this purpose, two Latin square design experiments were performed. In Expt 1, dogs ...
Larizza Melanie F - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility of a novel diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening model using a pathology collection centre (PCC) as a screening site. Cross-sectional pilot study conducted in one urban PCC in Victoria between 1 September 2009 and 15 March 2010. Trained pathology staff screened participants for DR using undilated, non-stereoscopic colour fundus photography. ...
Cho Eun Jeong - - 2013
Coronary catheterization using a transradial approach has become a common procedure, as the risks of local complications are low and this procedure affords relatively expeditious post-procedural patient mobilization. Access site complications - such as radial artery spasm, hematoma, and compartment syndrome - have been reported in the literature; however, cases ...
Van der Elst Elisa - - 2013
The image of "the good nurse" is mainly studied from the perspective of nurses, which often does not match the image held by patients. Therefore, a descriptive study was conducted to examine oncology patients' perceptions of "the good nurse" and the influence of patient- and context-related variables. A cross-sectional, comparative, ...
Slaney Clare Y - - 2013
In a previous study, we showed that the Ly6G(-)CD11b(+) blood monocytes residing in naïve mice are intrinsically immunosuppressive and that loss of this suppressive function may contribute to the development of autoimmunity in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a murine model of human multiple sclerosis. Here we report that mice treated ...
Shen Guomin - - 2013
Hypoxia plays an important role in the tumor microenvironment by allowing the development and maintenance of cancer cells, but the regulatory mechanisms by which tumor cells adapt to hypoxic conditions are not yet well understood. MicroRNAs are recognized as a new class of master regulators that control gene expression and ...
Muthiah Kavitha - - 2013
The current recommended anticoagulation regimen during continuous flow centrifugal left ventricular device support is a combination of antiplatelet therapy as well as oral anticoagulation. Despite this, pump thrombosis occurs in rare situations. We report the risk factors and nonsurgical management and outcomes of five patients implanted with continuous flow centrifugal ...
Thomas Ranjeny - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease resulting from an autoimmune response to self-antigens, leading to inflammation of synovial tissue of joints and subsequent cartilage and bone erosion. Current disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biologic inhibitors of TNF, IL-6, T cells and B cells block inflammation nonspecifically, which may ...
Scheen André J - - 2013
The first-choice drug therapy in the management of type 2 diabetes is metformin . However, most patients require a combined therapy to reach and/or maintain targets of glucose control. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, commonly referred to as gliptins, offer new options for combined therapy with metformin. Linagliptin is the most ...
Pendleton Morgan - - 2013
Caffeine is added to dietary supplements to increase energy and suppress appetite. Many people take dietary supplements for weight loss. Patients may be unaware that supplements can contain caffeine, even if caffeine is not listed as an ingredient. Commonly used herbal dietary supplement ingredients, such as guarana, are natural sources ...
Shin Woo-Jin - - 2013
The emergence of the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus and the recent global circulation of H1N1 swine-origin influenza virus in 2009 have highlighted the need for new anti-influenza therapies. This has been made all the more important with the emergence of antiviral-resistant strains. Recent progress in achieving three-dimensional ...
Favia Angelo Danilo - - 2013
It has long been considered that the most significant risks for breast cancer are gender and age but, as many other tumors, this cancer has also been undeniably linked to gene mutations. The vast majority of breast cancers in postmenopausal women are estrogen-responsive, a hormone which is biosynthesized from blood-circulating ...
Leone Roberti Maggiore Umberto - - 2013
Despite aggressive debulking surgery, intraperitoneal therapies and the use of new drugs for chemotherapy, patients with ovarian cancer (OC) still have poor prognosis and, therefore, new strategies for its management are needed. Molecular-targeted agents can be considered a new option in drug research. Several antigens related to OC have been ...
Morley Alex - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition affecting young adults. One third of people on an American registry of people with MS (PWMS) reported having activities affected by spasticity. The psychosocial effects of spasticity in people with MS have been shown to be distressing and detrimental to ...
Lai Francesco - - 2013
Development of drug delivery systems for brain delivery is one of the most challenging research topics in pharmaceutical areas, mainly due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which separates the blood from the cerebral parenchyma thus limiting the brain uptake of the majority of therapeutic agents. Among the ...
Abboud B B Department of General Surgery, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon. - - 2013
To review the safety of thyroidectomy combined with cervical neck dissection without drainage, in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. Two groups were defined depending on whether cervical neck dissection was or was not performed (groups one and two, respectively). Group one included 153 patients with central neck dissection and 52 ...
Segard Tatiana T Nuclear Medicine, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, WA, - - 2013
To determine trends in referral for venous thromboembolism (VTE) imaging in Western Australian teaching hospitals. Retrospective audit of the WA picture archiving and communication system, PathWest Laboratory Medicine records, the hospital morbidity database at the four adult teaching hospitals in Perth, WA, and the WA death registry. All patients referred ...
Hochfeld Warren E WE Department of Medical Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 0XY, United - - 2013
There is accumulating evidence that aggregating, misfolded proteins may have an impact on autophagic function, suggesting that this could be a secondary pathological mechanism in many diseases. In this review, we focus on the role of autophagy in four major neurodegenerative diseases: Alzheimer disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD), Parkinson's disease ...
Zak Krzysztof K Jagiellonian University, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Kraków, - - 2013
One of the hallmarks of cancer cells is the inactivation of the p53 pathway either due to mutations in the p53 gene or over-expression of negative regulators, Mdm2 and/or MdmX. Pharmacological disruption of the Mdm2/X-p53 interaction to restore p53 activity is an attractive concept, aiming at a targeted and non-toxic ...
Sheu Jim Jinn-Chyuan JJ Department of Pathology, Gynecology and Obstetrics and Oncology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21231, - - 2013
Chromosome 11q13.5 containing RSF1 (HBXAP), a gene involved in chromatin remodelling, is amplified in several human cancers including ovarian carcinoma. Our previous studies demonstrated requirement of Rsf-1 for cell survival in cancer cells, which contributed to tumour progression; however, its role in tumourigenesis has not yet been elucidated. In this ...
Etchin Julia J Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2013
This study explored the anti-leukaemic efficacy of novel irreversible inhibitors of the major nuclear export receptor, chromosome region maintenance 1 (CRM1, also termed XPO1). We found that these novel CRM1 antagonists, termed SINE (Selective Inhibitors of Nuclear Export), induced rapid apoptosis at low nanomolar concentrations in a panel of 14 ...
Singer E E Department of Nephrology, Campus Mitte, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2013
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a 25 kDa protein produced by injured nephron epithelia, is one of the most promising new markers of renal epithelial injury. In contrast to serum creatinine and urinary output, which are the measures of kidney function, NGAL is specifically induced in the damaged nephron and then released ...
Kosari-Nasab Morteza M Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology, Hayyan Research Institute, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, - - 2013
Neuropsychiatric disorders, like anxiety and depression, are global problems for clinical researchers in neurology. Recently, some authors have shown neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of Scrophularia striata Boiss (Scrophulariaceae) extract in rodents. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of S. striata extract on anxiety and depressant-like ...
Eidi Akram A Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
Different parts of the walnut [Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae)] have been used in folk medicine for protection against liver injury, although its actual efficacy remains uncertain. The present study investigated the protective effect of walnut leaf extract against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage in rats. The rats were randomly divided ...
Kai K K 1] Breast Cancer Translational Research Laboratory, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA [2] Department of Breast Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA [3] Division of Gene Regulation, Institute for Advanced Medical Research, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Intratumoral heterogeneity within individual breast tumors is a well-known phenomenon that may contribute to drug resistance. This heterogeneity is dependent on several factors, such as types of oncogenic drivers and tumor precursor cells. The purpose of our study was to engineer a mouse mammary tumor model with intratumoral heterogeneity by ...
Zheng H H Molecular Oncology Department, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
Constitutive heterochromatin (HC) is important for maintaining chromosome stability, but also delays the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). DSB repair in complex mammalian genomes involves a fast phase (2-6 h) in which most of the breaks are rapidly repaired, and a slow phase (up to 24 h) in which the remaining ...
Bronselaer Guy A GA Department of Urology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The sensitivity of the foreskin and its importance in erogenous sensitivity is widely debated and controversial. This is part of the actual public debate on circumcision for non-medical reason. Today some studies on the effect of circumcision on sexual ...
Ray K C KC Division of Surgical Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Pancreatic cancer remains as one of the most deadly cancers with few treatment options at late stages and little information about how it develops through earlier stages. Activating mutation of the Kras gene has been implicated in, but is not sufficient for, tumorigenesis. In mouse models of pancreatic cancer, loss ...
Roof Steve R SR Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2013
Exercise results in beneficial adaptations of the heart that can be directly observed at the ventricular myocyte level. However, the molecular mechanism(s) responsible for these adaptations are not well understood. Interestingly, signaling via neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) within myocytes results in similar effects as exercise. Thus, the objective was ...
Lv Dandan D Sheng Yushou Center of Cell Biology and Immunology, School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, - - 2013
Breast cancer (BC) is a leading cause of mortality among women in the world. To date, a number of molecules have been established as disease status indicators and therapeutic targets. The best known among them are estrogen receptor-α (ER-α), progesterone receptor (PR) and HER-2/neu. About 15%-20% BC patients do not ...
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