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Results 301 - 350 of 4961
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Koucky Ellen M - - 2013
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is currently the most empirically supported intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and includes both specific manualized treatments (e.g., cognitive processing therapy, prolonged exposure) and less standardized applications. As CBT for PTSD has become increasingly popular, more advanced questions have emerged regarding its use, including how existing ...
Vu Lan Th - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Expanded Program on Immunization currently considers offering Human Papilomavirus vaccine on a routine basis in Vietnam. However, as the current available vaccine can prevent only two types HPV 16 and 18, before implementing a large-scale vaccine campaign we need information about the prevalence of infection with only ...
Zhou Xia - - 2013
A gold monolayer film and cysteine layer-by-layer self-assemble onto modified glasses, and through the use of optical waveguide spectroscopy (OWGS) and a dynamic SERS technique for the first time to study the dynamic generation process of the Meisenheimer complex between TNT and cysteine. This strategy can detect TNT down to ...
Hu R - - 2013
We investigated the source of fungi in the lungs of patients with hematological malignancies who had invasive pulmonary fungal infections (IPFI). We also conducted a prospective study to evaluate the efficacy of different mouthwash solutions in preventing IPFI in patients with hematologic malignancies. In order to determine the source of fungi ...
Veeramani Harish - - 2013
During subsurface bioremediation of uranium-contaminated sites, indigenous metal and sulfate-reducing bacteria may utilize a variety of electron acceptors, including ferric iron and sulfate that could lead to the formation of various biogenic minerals in-situ. Sulfides, as well as structural and adsorbed Fe(II) associated with biogenic Fe(II)-sulfide phases, can potentially catalyze ...
Harrison Robert V - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: In the neonatal chinchilla, the degree of contralateral distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) suppression and the latency and time constants of suppression are immature for 40-60 days. This suggests that olivocochlear efferent innervation of outer hair cells is not fully mature at birth in this animal model, and ...
Z-X Wu - - 2013
Abstract Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) has been reported to associate with several autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Graves' disease and multiple sclerosis (MS). In order to study the correlation between PD-1 gene polymorphism and aplastic anemia (AA) in Chinese Han population, two SNPs, ...
Wilkerson Elizabeth Dalee - - 2013
Two portable infrared sensors were evaluated for the rapid determination of quality parameters in processing tomatoes. A total of 370 hot-break juices were prepared from ~40 processing tomato varieties grown in 5 California counties. The levels of sugars, acids, soluble solids, titratable acidity, and pH in these juices were determined ...
Nagai Yasutaka - - 2013
Using an operando time-resolved XAFS technique at the Cu and Ce K-edges, we have discovered that the synchronization of Cu and Ce valence change in Cu/CeO(2) under periodic (rich-lean cycling) operation can improve the catalytic activity for NO reduction at low temperature.
Duque-Afonso J - - 2013
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) of older or patients with comorbidities has become possible due to new regimens for reduced-intensity conditioning. The use of fludarabine, carmustine and melphalan as the preparative regimen (FBM) reduces toxicity while providing substantial anti-leukemic activity. Chronic GVHD (cGVHD) of the lung or bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome ...
Marazziti Donatella - - 2013
Data on the specific effects of sex on pharmacokinetics, as well as tolerability, safety, and efficacy of psychotropic medications are still meager, mainly because only recently sex-related issues have attracted a certain degree of interest within the pharmacological domain. Therefore, with the present study, we aimed to provide a comprehensive ...
Keniya Mikhail V - - 2013
Candida albicans is a major cause of opportunistic and life-threatening systemic fungal infections, especially in the immunocompromised. The plasma membrane proton pumping ATPase (Pma1p) is an essential enzyme that generates the electrochemical gradient required for cell growth. We expressed C. albicans Pma1p (CaPma1p) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to facilitate screening for ...
Abboud B B Department of General Surgery, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon. - - 2013
To review the safety of thyroidectomy combined with cervical neck dissection without drainage, in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. Two groups were defined depending on whether cervical neck dissection was or was not performed (groups one and two, respectively). Group one included 153 patients with central neck dissection and 52 ...
Ray K C KC Division of Surgical Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2014
Pancreatic cancer remains as one of the most deadly cancers with few treatment options at late stages and little information about how it develops through earlier stages. Activating mutation of the Kras gene has been implicated in, but is not sufficient for, tumorigenesis. In mouse models of pancreatic cancer, loss ...
Fan Ting Ting - - 2013
AIM: Liver Cirrhosis is the final stage of chronic liver damage from various etiologies. It is controversial on the reversibility of cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether cirrhosis was reversible after treatment by hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α), a key transcriptional regulator of hepatocyte differentiation and ...
Nie Guangming - - 2013
A signal-on electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor devoted to the detection of Ramos cells was fabricated based on a novel conducting polymer, poly(5-formylindole) (P5FIn), which was synthesized electrochemically by direct anodic oxidation of 5-formylindole (5FIn). This ECL platform was presented by covalently coupling the 18-mer amino-substituted oligonucleotide (ODN) probes with aldehyde groups ...
Wu Bei - - 2013
Objective: To compare overall survival and technical survival in diabetic mellitus (DM) and non-DM (N-DM) Chinese patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), and to discuss the factors involved. Methods: Clinical data were analyzed for all adult patients (age >18 years) with chronic renal failure who had commenced PD between 2006 and ...
Eidi Akram A Department of Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
Different parts of the walnut [Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae)] have been used in folk medicine for protection against liver injury, although its actual efficacy remains uncertain. The present study investigated the protective effect of walnut leaf extract against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage in rats. The rats were randomly divided ...
Stournaras Kalliope E - - 2013
The colors of fleshy fruits are considered to be a signal to seed-dispersing animals, but their diversity remains poorly understood. Using an avian color space to derive a sensory morphospace for fruit color, we tested four hypotheses of fruit color diversity: fruit colors occupy a limited area of the color ...
Roberts Alexander J - - 2013
Birnessite nanotubes and activated carbon electrodes have been used in supercapacitor cells to assess the performance of new aqueous based electrolyte systems at temperatures as low as -30 °C. The addition of ethylene glycol to aqueous sodium, lithium, potassium and ammonium sulfates has resulted in electrolytes that are still in ...
Macfarlane Anne - - 2013
The development of a high-quality primary healthcare system requires multidisciplinary perspectives and collaborations between clinicians and non-clinicians. Academic primary care departments across the United Kingdom and Ireland employ academics from a range of disciplines. However, questions remain about the parity of opportunity for career progression with a consistent trend to ...
Dickhaus Thorsten - - 2013
Connecting multiple testing with binary classification, we derive a false discovery rate-based classification approach for two-class mixture models, where the available data (represented as feature vectors) for each individual comparison take values in Rd for some d≥1 and may exhibit certain forms of autocorrelation. This generalizes previous findings for the ...
Burton Edward D - - 2013
The effect of SO42- availability on the microbially-mediated reductive transformation of As(V)-coprecipitated schwertmannite (Fe8O8(OH)3.2(SO4)2.4(AsO4)0.004) was examined in long-term (up to 400 days) incubation experiments. Iron EXAFS spectroscopy showed siderite (FeCO3) and mackinawite (FeS) were the dominant secondary Fe(II) minerals produced via reductive schwertmannite transformation. In addition, ~25% to ~65% of ...
Bernard Frédéric - - 2013
The thermal performance curve is an ecological concept relating the phenotype of organisms and temperature. It requires characterization of the leaf temperature for foliar fungal pathogens. Epidemiologists, however, use air temperature to assess the impacts of temperature on such pathogens. Leaf temperature can differ greatly from air temperature, either in ...
Cheung Paul Km - - 2013
An 85-year-old gentlemen with a history of previous triple vessel coronary bypass grafting presented with severe aortic stenosis and occlusion of the previous saphenous vein grafts but with patent LIMA-LAD. The patient underwent uncomplicated repeat sternotomy and aortic valve replacement with repeated coronary bypass. On post-op day 21 the patient ...
Florea Adrian - - 2013
Ultrastructural answer of bone marrow erythroid series and of red blood cells (RBCs) in Wistar rats to bee venom (BV) was analyzed by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, and corroborated with hematological data. A 5-day and a 30-day treatment with daily doses of 700 μg BV/kg and an acute-lethal treatment ...
Collins Stuart G - - 2013
Diazo transfer adjacent to a sulfoxide moiety to provide stable, isolable α-diazo-β-oxo sulfoxides has been achieved. Use of monocyclic and bicyclic sulfoxide precursors is critical in enabling isolation of stable derivatives, through introduction of conformational constraint, while acyclic α-diazo-β-oxo sulfoxides are too labile to isolate and characterize.
Momen Natalie - - 2013
Graphical displays of investigations are increasingly used in clinical care. Summaries of medical records for research or clinical review purposes can generate unmanageably large amounts of data, which may be helpfully summarised and displayed using timelines. During a prospective study of cancer care in primary care, care timelines were generated ...
Yang Yi - - 2013
We report a general strategy for synthesis of gallium nitride (GaN) and indium nitride (InN) nanowires on conductive and flexible carbon cloth substrates. GaN and InN nanowires were prepared via a nanocluster-mediated growth method using a home built chemical vapor deposition (CVD) system with Ga and In metals as group ...
Dikbas Idil - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess fracture resistances of simulated immature single-rooted teeth whose roots have been backfilled using 3 different post systems after a 4 mm apical mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight maxillary anterior teeth were assigned into four groups. The lengths of ...
Eskes Anne M - - 2013
Health care professionals responsible for patients with complex wounds need a particular level of expertise and education to ensure optimum wound care. However, uniform education for those working as wound care nurses is lacking. We aimed to reach consensus among experts from six European countries as to the competencies for ...
Tripathi V - - 2013
E-cadherin is a cell-cell adhesion molecule that acts as a suppressor of cancer cell invasion and its expression is downregulated in many advanced, poorly differentiated, human cancers. In this study, we found that the expression of DLC1 (deleted in liver cancer 1) tumor-suppressor gene in metastatic prostate carcinoma (PCA) cells ...
Tong Sheng - - 2013
An acetic acid based sol-gel method was used to deposit lead lanthanum zirconate titanate (PLZT, 8/52/48) thin films on either platinized silicon (Pt/Si) or nickel buffered by a lanthanum nickel oxide buffer layer (LNO/Ni). X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy of the samples revealed that dense polycrystalline PLZT thin films ...
Moreno Lucas - - 2013
Attrition is a major issue in anticancer drug development with up to 95% of drugs tested in Phase I trials not reaching a marketing authorisation making the drug development process enormously costly and inefficient. It is essential that this problem is addressed throughout the whole drug development process to improve ...
Wang W - - 2013
MicroRNAs are endogenous, non-coding RNAs of approximately 20-22 nucleotides that regulate genes expression by binding to the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of targets mRNAs and play critical roles in cancer pathways. Malignant glioma is the most common and highly lethal central nervous system tumor for which little effective treatment is ...
Blaževski Jana J Department of Immunology, Institute for Biological Research Siniša Stanković, University of Belgrade, - - 2013
To investigate the influences of betulinic acid (BA), a triterpenoid isolated from birch bark, on neuroinflammatory mediators involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in vitro. Encephalitogenic T cells were prepared from draining lymph nodes and spinal cords of Dark Agouti rats 8 to 10 d ...
Blaser Martin - - 2013
One of the most exciting scientific advances in recent years has been the realization that commensal microorganisms are not simple 'passengers' in our bodies, but instead have key roles in our physiology, including our immune responses and metabolism, as well as in disease. These insights have been obtained, in part, ...
Shinoda Gen - - 2013
Overexpression of LIN28A is associated with human germ cell tumors and promotes primordial germ cell (PGC) development from embryonic stem cells in vitro and in chimeric mice. Knockdown of Lin28a inhibits PGC development in vitro, but how constitutional Lin28a deficiency affects the mammalian reproductive system in vivo remains unknown. Here, ...
Thomas Ranjeny - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease resulting from an autoimmune response to self-antigens, leading to inflammation of synovial tissue of joints and subsequent cartilage and bone erosion. Current disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biologic inhibitors of TNF, IL-6, T cells and B cells block inflammation nonspecifically, which may ...
Waters Stephanie - - 2013
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the most common cause of bacterial, seafood-related illness in the United States. Currently, there is a dearth of literature regarding immunity to infection with this pathogen. Here we studied V. parahaemolyticus-infected RAW 264.7 murine macrophage detecting both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production. We determined that infection resulted ...
Milos Bjelovic - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor has been defined as a histologically distinctive lesion with uncertain behavior. The term inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, more commonly referred to as pseudostumor, denotes a pseudosarcomatous inflammatory lesion that contains spindle cells, myofibroblasts, plasma cells, lymphocytes and histiocytes. It exhibits a variable biological behavior that ranges from ...
Tunnicliffe P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Temper outbursts are common in Prader-Willi syndrome but rarely described in detail. This study investigated the phenomenology of temper outbursts in terms of antecedents, sequence of behaviours and emotions and intervention strategies used. METHOD: A semi-structured interview about temper outbursts was conducted with the main carers of seven children ...
Elazary Ram - - 2013
Abstract Aim: The iMESH Tacker™ (IMT) device is a device which simplifies laproscopic hernia repair by enabling an articulation of the device tip. The study compares the strength of mesh fixation between the IMT and another commercial tack (ACT) device - Absorbatack™ (Covidien, Corp, Mansfield, MA, USA). Material and methods: ...
Si-Tu J - - 2013
A new and more comprehensive methodology for reporting outcomes after radical prostatectomy (RP) has been proposed: the so-called pentafecta. However, no prior studies reported intermediate- and long-term pentafecta outcomes after laparoscopic RP. We collected prospectively the clinical data of 170 consecutive patients with a minimum 60-month follow-up undergoing laparoscopic RP for ...
Jaul Efraim - - 2013
Atypical pressure ulcers (APU) are distinguished from common pressure ulcers (PU) with both unusual location and different aetiology. The occurrence and attempts to characterise APU remain unrecognised. The purpose of this cohort study was to analyse the occurrence of atypical location and the circumstances of the causation, and draw attention ...
Yang B - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of expression level of α5β1-integrin and MMP-14 with clinicopathologic features and prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC). The expressions of α5β1-integrin and MMP-14 in normal colorectal mucosa and CRC tissue were detected with immunohistochemistry. We estimated the five-year survival rate by ...
Meghji S - - 2013
Background and objective: Cutaneous anthrax usually has a mortality rate of less than 1 per cent. However, since December 2009 there have been more than 13 deaths in the UK due to anthrax-contaminated heroin. We therefore wish to raise clinical awareness of this treatable disease. Case report: We describe the ...
Christopoulos P - - 2013
A second allograft was offered to 58 relapsed AML patients after conditioning with fludarabine 90-150 mg/m(2) and thiotepa 15 mg/kg, in most cases with active disease. Median age was 53 years (range 23-69), median time to relapse after the first allo-SCT was 326 (47-2189) days and median follow-up was 6.7 years. GVHD ...
Casiraghi Maria Cristina - - 2013
In this study, nutritional and sensory properties of pasta enriched with 30% immature wheat grain (IWG), a natural source of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), are evaluated. Colour and cooking quality, nutritional value and glycaemic index (GI) of pasta were assessed in comparison with commercially enriched inulin and 100% wholewheat pastas. IWG integration ...
Huang J S JS University of Louisville , Louisville , - - 2013
Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma have the lowest 5 year survival rate and yearly rates of incidence are nearly equal to the mortality rates. Long term cure rates by standard therapies are disappointing owing to disseminated disease at diagnosis and chemotherapeutic resistance. New therapeutic targets are necessary to decrease the progression ...
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