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Nakano Takashi - - 2013
Background: Abnormal behavior and delirium are common in children with influenza. While abnormal behavior and delirium are considered to be associated with influenza encephalopathy, an increased risk of such neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients receiving neuraminidase inhibitor treatment is suspected. Laninamivir octanoate hydrate, recently approved in Japan, is a long-acting neuraminidase ...
Spang Christoph - - 2013
The plantaris tendon is often neglected in morphological/clinical studies on the lower extremity. There is, however, clinical evidence that the plantaris tendon is involved in cases with Achilles midportion tendinopathy/tendinosis. It is nevertheless unclear if the plantaris tendon exhibits tendinosis-like features in this situation. We therefore investigated the plantaris tendon ...
Cheung Paul Km - - 2013
An 85-year-old gentlemen with a history of previous triple vessel coronary bypass grafting presented with severe aortic stenosis and occlusion of the previous saphenous vein grafts but with patent LIMA-LAD. The patient underwent uncomplicated repeat sternotomy and aortic valve replacement with repeated coronary bypass. On post-op day 21 the patient ...
Florea Adrian - - 2013
Ultrastructural answer of bone marrow erythroid series and of red blood cells (RBCs) in Wistar rats to bee venom (BV) was analyzed by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, and corroborated with hematological data. A 5-day and a 30-day treatment with daily doses of 700 μg BV/kg and an acute-lethal treatment ...
Collins Stuart G - - 2013
Diazo transfer adjacent to a sulfoxide moiety to provide stable, isolable α-diazo-β-oxo sulfoxides has been achieved. Use of monocyclic and bicyclic sulfoxide precursors is critical in enabling isolation of stable derivatives, through introduction of conformational constraint, while acyclic α-diazo-β-oxo sulfoxides are too labile to isolate and characterize.
Roberts Alexander J - - 2013
Birnessite nanotubes and activated carbon electrodes have been used in supercapacitor cells to assess the performance of new aqueous based electrolyte systems at temperatures as low as -30 °C. The addition of ethylene glycol to aqueous sodium, lithium, potassium and ammonium sulfates has resulted in electrolytes that are still in ...
Macfarlane Anne - - 2013
The development of a high-quality primary healthcare system requires multidisciplinary perspectives and collaborations between clinicians and non-clinicians. Academic primary care departments across the United Kingdom and Ireland employ academics from a range of disciplines. However, questions remain about the parity of opportunity for career progression with a consistent trend to ...
Dickhaus Thorsten - - 2013
Connecting multiple testing with binary classification, we derive a false discovery rate-based classification approach for two-class mixture models, where the available data (represented as feature vectors) for each individual comparison take values in Rd for some d≥1 and may exhibit certain forms of autocorrelation. This generalizes previous findings for the ...
Burton Edward D - - 2013
The effect of SO42- availability on the microbially-mediated reductive transformation of As(V)-coprecipitated schwertmannite (Fe8O8(OH)3.2(SO4)2.4(AsO4)0.004) was examined in long-term (up to 400 days) incubation experiments. Iron EXAFS spectroscopy showed siderite (FeCO3) and mackinawite (FeS) were the dominant secondary Fe(II) minerals produced via reductive schwertmannite transformation. In addition, ~25% to ~65% of ...
Bernard Frédéric - - 2013
The thermal performance curve is an ecological concept relating the phenotype of organisms and temperature. It requires characterization of the leaf temperature for foliar fungal pathogens. Epidemiologists, however, use air temperature to assess the impacts of temperature on such pathogens. Leaf temperature can differ greatly from air temperature, either in ...
Koucky Ellen M - - 2013
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is currently the most empirically supported intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and includes both specific manualized treatments (e.g., cognitive processing therapy, prolonged exposure) and less standardized applications. As CBT for PTSD has become increasingly popular, more advanced questions have emerged regarding its use, including how existing ...
Vu Lan Th - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Expanded Program on Immunization currently considers offering Human Papilomavirus vaccine on a routine basis in Vietnam. However, as the current available vaccine can prevent only two types HPV 16 and 18, before implementing a large-scale vaccine campaign we need information about the prevalence of infection with only ...
Zhou Xia - - 2013
A gold monolayer film and cysteine layer-by-layer self-assemble onto modified glasses, and through the use of optical waveguide spectroscopy (OWGS) and a dynamic SERS technique for the first time to study the dynamic generation process of the Meisenheimer complex between TNT and cysteine. This strategy can detect TNT down to ...
Hu R - - 2013
We investigated the source of fungi in the lungs of patients with hematological malignancies who had invasive pulmonary fungal infections (IPFI). We also conducted a prospective study to evaluate the efficacy of different mouthwash solutions in preventing IPFI in patients with hematologic malignancies. In order to determine the source of fungi ...
Veeramani Harish - - 2013
During subsurface bioremediation of uranium-contaminated sites, indigenous metal and sulfate-reducing bacteria may utilize a variety of electron acceptors, including ferric iron and sulfate that could lead to the formation of various biogenic minerals in-situ. Sulfides, as well as structural and adsorbed Fe(II) associated with biogenic Fe(II)-sulfide phases, can potentially catalyze ...
Harrison Robert V - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: In the neonatal chinchilla, the degree of contralateral distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) suppression and the latency and time constants of suppression are immature for 40-60 days. This suggests that olivocochlear efferent innervation of outer hair cells is not fully mature at birth in this animal model, and ...
Keniya Mikhail V - - 2013
Candida albicans is a major cause of opportunistic and life-threatening systemic fungal infections, especially in the immunocompromised. The plasma membrane proton pumping ATPase (Pma1p) is an essential enzyme that generates the electrochemical gradient required for cell growth. We expressed C. albicans Pma1p (CaPma1p) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to facilitate screening for ...
Ray K C - - 2013
Pancreatic cancer remains as one of the most deadly cancers with few treatment options at late stages and little information about how it develops through earlier stages. Activating mutation of the Kras gene has been implicated in, but is not sufficient for, tumorigenesis. In mouse models of pancreatic cancer, loss ...
Fan Ting Ting - - 2013
AIM: Liver Cirrhosis is the final stage of chronic liver damage from various etiologies. It is controversial on the reversibility of cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether cirrhosis was reversible after treatment by hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α), a key transcriptional regulator of hepatocyte differentiation and ...
Nie Guangming - - 2013
A signal-on electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor devoted to the detection of Ramos cells was fabricated based on a novel conducting polymer, poly(5-formylindole) (P5FIn), which was synthesized electrochemically by direct anodic oxidation of 5-formylindole (5FIn). This ECL platform was presented by covalently coupling the 18-mer amino-substituted oligonucleotide (ODN) probes with aldehyde groups ...
Wu Bei - - 2013
Objective: To compare overall survival and technical survival in diabetic mellitus (DM) and non-DM (N-DM) Chinese patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), and to discuss the factors involved. Methods: Clinical data were analyzed for all adult patients (age >18 years) with chronic renal failure who had commenced PD between 2006 and ...
Eidi Akram - - 2013
Abstract Context: Different parts of the walnut [Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae)] have been used in folk medicine for protection against liver injury, although its actual efficacy remains uncertain. Objective: The present study investigated the protective effect of walnut leaf extract against carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced liver damage in rats. Materials and ...
Stournaras Kalliope E - - 2013
The colors of fleshy fruits are considered to be a signal to seed-dispersing animals, but their diversity remains poorly understood. Using an avian color space to derive a sensory morphospace for fruit color, we tested four hypotheses of fruit color diversity: fruit colors occupy a limited area of the color ...
Momen Natalie - - 2013
Graphical displays of investigations are increasingly used in clinical care. Summaries of medical records for research or clinical review purposes can generate unmanageably large amounts of data, which may be helpfully summarised and displayed using timelines. During a prospective study of cancer care in primary care, care timelines were generated ...
Yang Yi - - 2013
We report a general strategy for synthesis of gallium nitride (GaN) and indium nitride (InN) nanowires on conductive and flexible carbon cloth substrates. GaN and InN nanowires were prepared via a nanocluster-mediated growth method using a home built chemical vapor deposition (CVD) system with Ga and In metals as group ...
Dikbas Idil - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess fracture resistances of simulated immature single-rooted teeth whose roots have been backfilled using 3 different post systems after a 4 mm apical mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight maxillary anterior teeth were assigned into four groups. The lengths of ...
Eskes Anne M - - 2013
Health care professionals responsible for patients with complex wounds need a particular level of expertise and education to ensure optimum wound care. However, uniform education for those working as wound care nurses is lacking. We aimed to reach consensus among experts from six European countries as to the competencies for ...
Tripathi V - - 2013
E-cadherin is a cell-cell adhesion molecule that acts as a suppressor of cancer cell invasion and its expression is downregulated in many advanced, poorly differentiated, human cancers. In this study, we found that the expression of DLC1 (deleted in liver cancer 1) tumor-suppressor gene in metastatic prostate carcinoma (PCA) cells ...
Tong Sheng - - 2013
An acetic acid based sol-gel method was used to deposit lead lanthanum zirconate titanate (PLZT, 8/52/48) thin films on either platinized silicon (Pt/Si) or nickel buffered by a lanthanum nickel oxide buffer layer (LNO/Ni). X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy of the samples revealed that dense polycrystalline PLZT thin films ...
Moreno Lucas - - 2013
Attrition is a major issue in anticancer drug development with up to 95% of drugs tested in Phase I trials not reaching a marketing authorisation making the drug development process enormously costly and inefficient. It is essential that this problem is addressed throughout the whole drug development process to improve ...
Wang W - - 2013
MicroRNAs are endogenous, non-coding RNAs of approximately 20-22 nucleotides that regulate genes expression by binding to the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of targets mRNAs and play critical roles in cancer pathways. Malignant glioma is the most common and highly lethal central nervous system tumor for which little effective treatment is ...
Blaževski Jana - - 2013
Aim:To investigate the influences of betulinic acid (BA), a triterpenoid isolated from birch bark, on neuroinflammatory mediators involved in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in vitro.Methods:Encephalitogenic T cells were prepared from draining lymph nodes and spinal cords of Dark Agouti rats 8 to 10 d after ...
Blaser Martin - - 2013
One of the most exciting scientific advances in recent years has been the realization that commensal microorganisms are not simple 'passengers' in our bodies, but instead have key roles in our physiology, including our immune responses and metabolism, as well as in disease. These insights have been obtained, in part, ...
Mrdovic Igor - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The present trial aims at examining whether antiplatelet regimen modification, guided by assessment of the on-treatment platelet reactivity, might result with clinical benefit in moderate to high-risk patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). BACKGROUND: High platelet reactivity has been associated with an increased ...
Baczyk M - - 2013
Bone metastases in prostate cancer constitute the most frequent cause of systemic failure in treatment, which results in numerous complications and finally leads to patient's death. Pain is one of the first and most important clinical symptoms of bone metastases and can be found among more than 80% of patients. ...
Hong Catherine H L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Singapore is unique in that it is a 100% urban community with majority of the population living in a homogeneous physical environment. She, however, has diverse ethnicities and cultures as such; there may be caries risk factors that are unique to this population. AIM: The aims were to assess ...
Bi Long - - 2013
Processed xenegeneic cancellous bone represents an alternative to bone autograft. In order to observe the effects of present prion inactivation treatments on the natural properties of xenogeneic cancellous bones, we treated bovine bone granules with sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and gaseous hydrogen peroxide (gH(2) O(2) ) respectively in ...
Tarhan Mehmet C - - 2013
Microtubule (MT) based intraneuronal transport deficiency is directly linked to neurodegeneration. Hence, the development of a reliable and sensitive in vitro approach permitting efficient analysis of MT-based transport is essential for our understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms that may lead to novel therapeutic approaches for treating neurodegenerative diseases. Here, ...
Totland Torunn H - - 2013
The present study examined the prospective relationship between parental education and adolescents' soft drink intake over 20 months, and possible mediating effects of adolescents' availability and accessibility of soft drinks at home. A total of 866 adolescents, with data on two time points in the Norwegian HEalth In Adolescents (HEIA) ...
Cao Y - - 2013
Targeted therapeutics are potential therapeutic agents because of their selectivity and efficacy against tumors resistant to conventional therapy. The goal of this study was to determine the comparative activity of monovalent, engineered anti-Her2/neu immunotoxins fused to recombinant gelonin (rGel) to the activity of bivalent IgG-containing immunoconjugates. Utilizing Herceptin and its ...
Hager Todd - - 2013
Novel protein therapeutics have become increasingly important modalities for treating diseases. Such therapeutics include recombinant fusions of pharmacoactive polypeptides to half-life extenders such as monoclonal antibodies, fragments of antibodies, and albumin. Half-life extension can also be achieved via chemical attachment to polymers such as polyethylene glycol. Any of these therapeutics ...
Alkhateeb Asem - - 2013
The autoimmune thyroid disorders, or AITDs, comprise 2 related disorders, Graves'disease and Hashimoto thyroiditis. In AITD, immune system produces antibodies against autothyroid antigens. The etiology of AITDs involves a complex interaction between genetic predisposing factors and environmental triggering factors. Variations inNACHT leucine-rich repeat protein 1(NLRP1) gene a key regulator of ...
Wong Andus W-K - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of various practice schedules on learning a novel speech task. Forty healthy Cantonese speakers were asked to learn to produce a Cantonese phrase with two target utterance durations (2500 and 3500 milliseconds). They were randomly assigned to one of four ...
Singh Manmeet - - 2013
The management of patients with drug eluting stents (DES) who require early surgical intervention prior to the completion of antiplatelet therapy is challenging. Available literature suggests that bridging these high risk patients with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (g2b3a) inhibitors could be efficacious in preventing stent thrombosis. [1] However, this still remains to ...
Nishi Masayasu - - 2013
We shed light on the specific hydration structure around a zinc ion of nanosolution restricted in a cylindrical micropore of single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) by comparison with the structure restricted in a cylindrical mesopore of multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWNT) and that of bulk aqueous solution. The average micropore width of ...
Sharmin Tanjina - - 2013
Pyriproxyfen is a juvenile hormone mimic of vital importance for insect development with little risk to humans. This study was performed to investigate whether high doses of pyriproxyfen affect the immune response in mammals. Mice were immunized thrice with OVA in 5% ethanol, with or without pyriproxyfen or alum. Pyriproxyfen ...
Kim Sung-Eun - - 2013
Transplantation and drug discovery programs for liver diseases are hampered by the shortage of donor tissue. While recent studies have shown that hepatic cells can be derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), few cases have shown selective enrichment of hESC-derived hepatocytes and their integration into host liver tissues. Here ...
Kosari-Nasab Morteza - - 2013
Abstract Context: Neuropsychiatric disorders, like anxiety and depression, are global problems for clinical researchers in neurology. Recently, some authors have shown neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of Scrophularia striata Boiss (Scrophulariaceae) extract in rodents. Objective: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of S. striata extract on ...
Aydemir Gamze - - 2013
Dietary consumption of tomato products and especially the red tomato pigment lycopene has been associated with lower risk of cancer. New evidence is emerging toward metabolic pathways mediating the anti-cancer activities of lycopene. In this review, we explore associations between tomatoes and lycopene intake and cancer and relate this to ...
Cahill S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Falls are a significant and recurrent problem for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). There has been little exploration of the fall event from the perspective of the individual who falls or their carers. Research has focused predominantly on personal risk factors, leaving the behavioural and contextual analysis of falls ...
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