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Singh Manju - - 2013
Alpha (α)-tocopherol is the most biologically active and preferentially retained form of vitamin E in the human body and is known for its antioxidant and gene regulatory functions. Its increased intake is implicated in protection against diseases that involve an oxidative stress component. We have evaluated the chemopreventive potential of ...
Marchioni Daniele - - 2013
The application of endoscopic surgery for middle ear pathologies is rapidly increasing. At present, its main application is in the treatment of middle ear cholesteatoma. This report describes the application of this technique as treatment for some benign lesions that may involve the middle ear cleft. A retrospective chart review ...
Fridberg Marie M Clinical Orthopaedic Research, Department of Orthopaedics, Hvidovre University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2013
Locking plate osteosynthesis has become the preferred method for operative treatment of clavicle fractures. The method offers stable fixation, and would theoretically be associated with a low rate of fracture-related complications and reoperations. However, this remains to be explored in a large cohort, and our purpose was to assess the ...
Napier Stephen - - 2013
Ethical challenges to certain aspects of research on human subjects are not uncommon; examples include challenges to first-in-human trials (Chapman in J Clin Res Bioethics 2(4):1-8, 2011), certain placebo controlled trials (Anderson in J Med Philos 31:65-81, 2006; Anderson and Kimmelman in Kennedy Inst Ethics J 20(1):75-98, 2010) and "sham" ...
Ishizu T T Wellcome Laboratory of Neurobiology, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
We recorded brain activity when 21 subjects judged the beauty (aesthetic or affective judgment) and brightness (perceptual or cognitive judgment) of simultaneously presented paintings. Aesthetic judgments engaged medial and lateral subdivisions of the orbitofrontal cortex as well as subcortical stations associated with affective motor planning (globus pallidus, putamen-claustrum, amygdala, and ...
Bisagni G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic approach for patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is still controversial. This study was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in combination with docetaxel plus capecitabine as first-line treatment for MBC. The feasibility of bevacizumab maintenance therapy in this setting was also evaluated. PATIENTS AND ...
Bommert Peter - - 2013
Domestication of cereal crops, such as maize, wheat and rice, had a profound influence on agriculture and the establishment of human civilizations. One major improvement was an increase in seed number per inflorescence, which enhanced yield and simplified harvesting and storage. The ancestor of maize, teosinte, makes 2 rows of ...
Bloom Joshua S JS Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, - - 2013
For many traits, including susceptibility to common diseases in humans, causal loci uncovered by genetic-mapping studies explain only a minority of the heritable contribution to trait variation. Multiple explanations for this 'missing heritability' have been proposed. Here we use a large cross between two yeast strains to accurately estimate different ...
Clendenen Tess V TV Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Indirect evidence from experimental and epidemiological studies suggests that prolactin may be involved in ovarian cancer development. However, the relationship between circulating prolactin levels and risk of ovarian cancer is unknown. We conducted a nested case-control study of 230 cases and 432 individually matched controls within three prospective cohorts to ...
Bello Babawale T - - 2013
Providing maintenance hemodialysis is associated with high costs and poor outcomes. In Nigeria, more than 90% of the population lives below the poverty line, and patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) pay out-of-pocket for maintenance hemodialysis. To highlight the challenges of providing maintenance hemodialysis for patients with ESRD in Nigeria, ...
Rodrigo Emilio - - 2013
Although cystatin C (Cys) and albuminuria (Alb) are predictors of end-stage renal disease in the general population, there are limited data about the performance of these markers alone or combined with respect to the prediction of the kidney transplant outcome. We assessed the ability of one-yr creatinine (Cr), MDRD equation, ...
Erkoço─člu Mustafa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite drug-related hypersensitivity reactions are an important health problem, epidemiologic data on drug allergy and hypersensitivity are limited, and studies including diagnostic work-up are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the actual frequency of immediate type drug hypersensitivity using diagnostic tests in school children with parent-reported ...
Zeng Qiang-Lin - - 2013
Višekriterijumsko kompromisno rangiranje (VIKOR) method is one of the commonly used multi criteria decision making (MCDM) methods for improving the quality of decision making. VIKOR has an advantage in providing a ranking procedure for positive attributes and negative attributes when it is used and examined in decision support. However, we ...
Sugiishi Aya - - 2013
AIM: Appetite control is an important goal for the management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity; however, little is known about how hormones concerning appetite regulation are affected by long-term consumption of a high-fat diet. We investigated the effect of high-fat diet on secretory regulation of ghrelin ...
Garnett Sally Anne - - 2013
Comparisons of duration of response (DoR) and duration of clinical benefit (DoCB) within clinical trials are prone to biases. To address these biases, we used new methodology to prospectively analyze expected DoR and expected DoCB. Objective response rate and clinical benefit rate were calculated for fulvestrant 500 and 250 mg, and ...
D'Alessandro Roberto - - 2013
The aim of the study was to estimate the rate of conversion from clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to investigate variables predicting conversion in a cohort of patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of MS. Patients with a first symptom suggestive of MS in the preceding 6 months ...
Bugaj Lukasz J - - 2013
We report an optogenetic method based on Arabidopsis thaliana cryptochrome 2 for rapid and reversible protein oligomerization in response to blue light. We demonstrated its utility by photoactivating the β-catenin pathway, achieving a transcriptional response higher than that obtained with the natural ligand Wnt3a. We also demonstrated the modularity of ...
Heiss M - - 2013
Quantum dots embedded within nanowires represent one of the most promising technologies for applications in quantum photonics. Whereas the top-down fabrication of such structures remains a technological challenge, their bottom-up fabrication through self-assembly is a potentially more powerful strategy. However, present approaches often yield quantum dots with large optical linewidths, ...
Kim Il-Sup - - 2013
We investigated Arctic plants to determine if they have a specific mechanism enabling them to adapt to extreme environments because they are subject to such conditions throughout their life cycles. Among the cell defense systems of the Arctic mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium arcticum, we identified a stress-responsive dehydrin gene CaDHN that ...
Tosha Takehiko - - 2013
Summary: Respiration is an essential biological process to get bioenergy, ATP, for all kingdoms of life. Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) plays central role in aerobic respiration, catalyzing the reduction of O(2) coupled with pumping proton across the biological membrane. Nitric oxide reductase (NOR) involved in anaerobic nitrate respiration is suggested ...
Islam Sameer - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The use of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) has become a state-of-the-art therapy for advanced cardiac heart failure; however, multiple reports in the literature describe an increased risk for gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in these patients. We characterized this association by reviewing recent studies on this topic. HYPOTHESIS: GI bleeding ...
Vance Alasdair - - 2013
Spatial working memory (SWM) is known to be impaired in children with ADHD-CT, whether anxiety is present or not. Yet, it remains unclear whether anxiety disorders add to the SWM impairments evident in ADHD-CT and whether these findings extend into adolescents with ADHD-CT and anxiety. Further, it is not yet ...
Tsimberidou Apostolia M AM Phase I Program, Department of Investigational Cancer Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Unit 455, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
We conducted a phase I clinical trial for patients with advanced cancer and predominant liver disease. Patients were treated with HAI nab-paclitaxel (120-210 mg/m(2); day 1); intravenous bevacizumab (10 mg/kg; day 1); and intravenous gemcitabine (600-800 mg/m(2); days 1 and 8). A conventional "3 + 3" study design was used. ...
Wang Guihua - - 2013
PURPOSE: Dysregulation of microRNA-100 (miR-100) has been reported to be involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression of several cancer types. However, its expression patterns in tumors are controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and clinical significance of miR-100 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Real-time ...
Malfatto Gabriella - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic heart failure, physical evaluation and clinical judgment may be inadequate for prognostic stratification. HYPOTHESIS: Information obtained with simple bedside tests would be helpful in patient management. METHODS: We report on 142 outpatients with systolic heart failure seen at our heart failure unit from 2007 to ...
Yadav Suman - - 2013
This study reports the quantification of the toxicity of particulate matter (PM)-bound metals and their possible associated risks to human health. For assessment of PM, 24-h samples of PM(10) and PM(2.5) were collected by Mini Vol-TAS sampler at an urban site of Pune. Samples were sequentially extracted with ultrapure water ...
Gao Chao - - 2013
ABSTRACT In recent decades, electrochemical detection of Arsenic(III) has been undergoing revolutionary developments, with higher sensitivity and lower detection limit. Despite great success, electrochemical detection of As(III) still depends heavily on noble metals (predominantly Au) in strong acid condition, thus increasing the cost and hampering the widespread application. Here, we ...
Crossley Dane A DA - - 2013
A chorioallantoic membrane artery in embryos of the red-footed tortoise, Chelonoidis carbonaria was occlusively cannulated for measurement of blood pressure and injection of drugs. Two age groups of embryos in the final 10 % of incubation were categorized by the ratio of embryonic body to yolk mass. All embryos first received ...
Lukkarinen Minna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To better understand the role of human rhinovirus-associated wheeze as a risk factor for childhood recurrent wheezing, a cohort of young children experiencing their first wheezing episode was followed until school age. METHODS: All 111 hospitalized wheezing children (median age, 12 months) were initially participated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ...
Zurawek Dariusz - - 2013
RATIONALE: Few studies have investigated neurobiological and biochemical differences between stress-resilient and stress-vulnerable experimental animals. OBJECTIVES: We investigated alterations in mesolimbic dopamine D(2) receptor density and mRNA expression level in stressed rats at two time points, i.e. after 2 and 5 weeks of chronic mild stress (CMS). METHODS: We used ...
Foureau Emilien - - 2013
We designed an efficient transformation system for C. guilliermondii wild-type strains. We demonstrated that the Staphylococcus aureus MRSA 252 ble coding sequence placed under the control of the yeast phosphoglycerate kinase gene transcription-regulating regions confers phleomycin resistance to transformed C. guilliermondii cells. To illustrate the potential of this drug-resistant cassette, ...
Takahashi Manabu M Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi 329-0498, - - 2013
The role of macrophage lipoprotein lipase (LpL) in the development of atherosclerosis and adiposity was examined in macrophage LpL knockout (MLpLKO) mice. MLpLKO mice were generated using cre-loxP gene targeting. Loss of LpL in macrophages did not alter plasma LpL activity or lipoprotein levels. Incubation of apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient β-VLDL ...
Meyer Julia A JA New York University Cancer Institute, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, - - 2013
Relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) carries a poor prognosis, despite intensive retreatment, owing to intrinsic drug resistance. The biological pathways that mediate resistance are unknown. Here, we report the transcriptome profiles of matched diagnosis and relapse bone marrow specimens from ten individuals with pediatric B-lymphoblastic leukemia using RNA sequencing. ...
Harrigan Rosanne - - 2013
We evaluated the perceived success of recruitment and retention protocols for Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander/Filipino populations. These three groups were found to have a significantly higher incidence of health disparities than the general population. Training applications of selected vignettes were also generated. Focus groups and questionnaires were used to achieve the ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2013
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. An early and accurate diagnosis of IHD is necessary to improve outcomes. According to recent guidelines, the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is based on increased or decreased value of cardiospecific troponins with one measure exceeding ...
Achiam-Montal Michal - - 2013
Adults with panic disorder (PD) often present to medical settings with noncardiac chest pain (NCCP), but less is known about children and adolescents with this complaint. We sought to characterize PD in youth with NCCP and compare features with PD in youth in psychiatric outpatient settings. Using a semi-structured diagnostic ...
Zhao Lan-Juan LJ Department of Microbiology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Medical Biodefense, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2013
Dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) is a binding receptor for hepatitis C virus (HCV). Binding of HCV envelope protein E2 to target cells is a prerequisite to DC-SIGN-mediated signaling. Using cell lines with stable or transient expression of DC-SIGN, we investigated effects of soluble HCV E2 protein on ...
Pinto Nilson Vieira - - 2013
The anti-inflammatory activity of Canavalia seed lectins (Canavalia gladiata [CGL], Canavalia maritima [ConM] and Canavalia brasiliensis [ConBr]) was evaluated by intravenous administration in rats. In non-sensitized rats, cellular edema elicited by carrageenan was reduced (45-51 %) by ConM and (44-59 %) by CGL. Osmotic edema elicited by dextran was reduced by ConM ...
Cerami Chiara - - 2013
The behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is one of the most frequent neurodegenerative disorders with a presenile onset. It is characterized by a long phase of subclinical behavioral changes and social conduct disorders, associated with a progressive modification of personality. Recently, an international consortium of experts developed revised guidelines ...
Diange Eboa Adolf - - 2013
The strain designated as AB21(T) was isolated from chloroethylenes contaminated soil. Cells are gram-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, and motile rods. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that it belonged to the genus Rhizobium, and was closely related to Rhizobium sullae IS 123(T) (97.4 %), Rhizobium yanglingense SH 22623(T) (97.2 %), ...
Gkegkes Ioannis D - - 2013
Caspase-14 is a seemingly non-apoptotic caspase involved in keratinocyte differentiation and cornification of the skin. Keratin-19 is an epithelial marker and a potential marker of epidermal stem cells that is expressed during human fetal skin development. We examined the immunohistochemical expression of caspase-14 in relation to CK-19 in the human ...
Fried Ari J - - 2013
PURPOSE: The quality of an antibody response is determined by both the concentration and the strength of antigen-binding, or avidity, of the antibodies produced. Currently, only antibody concentration is routinely evaluated in the clinical assessment of humoral immunity. Here we studied correlations of avidities and concentrations of antibodies to pneumococcal ...
Fernández Vanina A - - 2013
Decisions about when and where to travel are likely to have a strong influence on the feeding, ecology, and foraging strategies of individual primates living in a cohesive social group. Specifically, given differences in age, sex, reproductive status, or social dominance, particular group members may benefit from remaining at their ...
Ji Fuhai - - 2013
Hypernatremia and polyuria are the main symptoms of diabetes insipidus. Polyuria is characterized by a 24-h urine volume in excess of 40-50 ml/kg in adults. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective, short-acting intravenous alpha-2 agonist, is used as a component of anesthesia, and has been suspected to induce polyuric syndrome. We report a ...
Deng Wenchao - - 2013
A new aerobic, Gram-negative, chemo-organotrophic, euryhaline bacterium, designated strain JL2009(T), was isolated from surface water of the Caribbean Sea. The strain formed flaxen colonies on marine ager 2216 (MA; Difco) medium. Cells were dimorphic, with stalks or a polar flagellum, and reproduction occurred by means of binary fission. Growth occurred ...
Veyrier Frédéric J - - 2013
Peptidoglycan O-acetylation is a modification found in many bacteria. In Gram-positive pathogens, it contributes to virulence by conferring resistance to host lysozyme. However, in Gram-negative pathogens, its contribution to physiology and virulence is unknown. We examined the contribution of patA, patB and ape1 to peptidoglycan O-acetylation in the major human ...
Armstrong Natalie - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Patient and public involvement in healthcare planning, service development and health-related research has received significant attention. However, evidence about the role of patient involvement in quality improvement work is more limited. We aimed to characterize patient involvement in three improvement projects and to identify strengths and weaknesses of contrasting ...
Chen Xiaohong - - 2013
PURPOSE: To explore the effect of lipiodolized transarterial chemoembolization (lip-TACE) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients at different risk of recurrence after curative resection. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred and twenty-four consecutive HCC patients who underwent curative resection were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who underwent resection only were classified into control group, ...
Chen Hongyuan - - 2013
The liver transplant (LT) situation represents an attractive model for studying hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis. Based on microarray data, we previously found that miR-126 expression was lower in tumor tissues of patients with post-LT HCC recurrence compared with non-recurrence. In this study, we examined the expression of miR-126 in HCC ...
Mari Hämäläinen - - 2013
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with stenting is widely used in the treatment of vascular disorders but restenosis remains a significant problem. Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been developed as an attempt to reduce the intimal response leading to restenosis. Drugs used in DES include mainly immunosuppressive and anti-proliferative compounds. Glucocorticoids are ...
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