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Results 401 - 450 of 3251
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Ramada José M - - 2013
Purpose The Work Role Functioning Questionnaire (WRFQ) is a tool developed in the United States to measure work disability and assess the perceived impact of health problems on worker ability to perform jobs. We translated and adapted the WRFQ to Spanish spoken in Spain and assessed preservation of its psychometric ...
Arciniegas M - - 2013
Ni-free Ti alloys are a potential strategy to overcome the risk of Ni-adverse reactions and rigidity mismatch for implant materials. Here, we report the biological behavior induced for two promising candidate alloys-Ti19.1Nb8.8Zr (M(S) temperature of 46°C and elastic modulus of 74 GPa) and Ti41.2Nb6.1Zr (elastic modulus of 67 GPa)-on cultured ...
Kassem Rehab R - - 2013
Purpose:  To histopathologically evaluate the effect of cryopreserved human amniotic membrane (AM) transplant on preventing the development of postoperative adhesions after extraocular muscle surgery. Methods:  Ten albino rabbits were used. The superior rectus muscles were bilaterally resected. In right eyes, the muscle was wrapped with cryopreserved human AM (group AM). ...
Soares João S JS Department of Biomedical Engineering, Health Sciences Center, T15-090, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-8151, - - 2013
Blood recirculating devices, such as ventricular assist devices and prosthetic heart valves, are burdened by thromboembolic complications requiring complex and lifelong anticoagulant therapy with its inherent hemorrhagic risks. Pathologic flow patterns occurring in such devices chronically activate platelets, and the optimization of their thrombogenic performance requires the development of flow-induced ...
Piccolo Pasquale P Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine, Naples, - - 2013
Helper-dependent adenoviral (HDAd) vectors can mediate long-term, high-level transgene expression from transduced hepatocytes with no chronic toxicity. However, a toxic acute response with potentially lethal consequences has hindered their clinical applications. Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and Kupffer cells are major barriers to efficient hepatocyte transduction. Understanding the mechanisms of ...
Prasertpetmanee Sanchai - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Standard triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication is no longer effective as an empiric choice in most areas. Even in low clarithromycin resistance areas, results ≥95% are infrequently achieved. This study was designed to search for a version of standard triple therapy for use low prevalence areas or as ...
Hillman Alexandra - - 2013
Drawing on perspectives from the governmentality literature and the sociology of risk, this article explores the strategies, tools and mechanisms for managing risk in acute hospital trusts in the United Kingdom. The article uses qualitative material from an ethnographic study of four acute hospital trusts undertaken between 2008 and 2010 ...
Cheng Wu-Bin WB Division of Biomedical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5A9, - - 2013
Colonoscopy is the most sensitive and specific means for detection of colon cancers and polyps. To make colonoscopy more effective several problems must be overcome including: pain associated with the procedure, the risk of perforation, and incomplete intubation colonoscopy. Technically, these problems are the result of loop formation during colonoscopy. ...
Collart Dutilleul Pierre-Yves - - 2013
A new strategy to improve silicon-based endodontic treatment tightness by dentine hydrophobization is presented in this work: root dentine was silanized to obtain a hydrophobic dentine-sealer interface that limits fluid penetration. This strategy was based on the grafting of aliphatic carbon chains on the dentine through a silanization with the ...
Mu G C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to acquire CT images of the celiac artery by 64-multi-slice spiral CT angiography (64-MSCTA) in gastric cancer patients to facilitate gastric cancer surgery. METHODS: Preoperative 64-MSCTA was performed to observe the origin, course and anatomical variations of the celiac artery and vascular calcifications ...
Famose Frank - - 2013
PURPOSE: Morphologic evaluation of the cornea is based on the slit-lamp examination. In human ophthalmology, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has opened a new field in the clinical approach to anterior segment disorders and more specifically the cornea. The aim of our study is to describe spectral domain OCT examination of ...
Voigt Christine C Department of Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, Friederikenstift Hospital Hannover, Humboldtstraße 5, 30169, Hannover, Germany. - - 2013
A biomechanical study was performed to test the hypothesis that a new anatomically preformed, thinner, soft-tissue protecting plate system for distal humeral fractures (Tifix®-hybridplate [HP]) would show comparable results in the quasi-static and dynamic testings compared to two conventional implants: The 3.5-mm reconstruction plate (RP) providing primary stability with normal ...
Mieda Michihiro - - 2013
Orexin A and orexin B are hypothalamic neuropeptides initially identified as endogenous ligands for two orphan G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). They play critical roles in the maintenance of wakefulness by regulating function of monoaminergic and cholinergic neurons that are implicated in the regulation of wakefulness. Loss of orexin neurons in ...
Van Oudenhove Lukas L Translational Research Centre for Gastrointestinal Disorders (TARGID), Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Leuven, Herstraat 49, O&N 1, bus 701, B-3000, Belgium. - - 2013
In this Review, after a brief historical introduction, we first provide an overview of epidemiological studies that demonstrate an association between functional dyspepsia and psychological traits, states or psychiatric disorders. These studies suggest an important intrinsic role for psychosocial factors and psychiatric disorders, especially anxiety and depression, in the aetiopathogenesis ...
Evens Andrew M AM The University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. - - 2013
There is a lack of contemporary prospective data examining the adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD) and Stanford V (SV; doxorubicin, vinblastine, mechlorethamine, vincristine, bleomycin, etoposide, prednisone) regimens in older Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients. Forty-four advanced-stage, older HL patients (aged ≥60 years) were treated on the randomized study, E2496. Toxicities were ...
Tanoue Chiaki - - 2013
Summary: The in vivo and in vitro metabolism of the sedative-hypnotic agent Zaleplon (ZAL) to 5-hydroxylated ZAL (5-oxo-ZAL) and N-desethylated ZAL (desethyl-ZAL) was studied in four strains of rats. Incubation of ZAL with liver microsomes afforded desethyl-ZAL via cytochrome P450-catalyzed reaction, with little strain difference. In contrast, incubation of ZAL ...
Masuda Shigeo S Gene Expression Laboratory, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2013
Maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in vitro has been believed to be difficult due to a lack of complete understanding of HSC quiescence maintained by the niche. Recent evidence suggests that in vitro maintenance of human and mouse long-term HSCs (LT-HSCs) is possible through dual inhibition (2i) of both ...
Massey Jonathan - - 2013
Canine hypoadrenocorticism is an endocrine disorder characterised by inadequate secretion of steroid hormones from the adrenal glands. Pathology results from immune-mediated destruction of the adrenal cortex, which is similar to that seen in the human Addison's disease. Both the canine and human diseases have similar clinical presentation, with the diagnosis ...
Choi Sung Hoon - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatic resection involves not only complete removal of tumors but also preservation of optimal liver function after surgery. This study introduces the technique of inferior right hepatic vein (IRHV)-preserving trisegmentectomy 5, 7, and 8 and evaluates its clinical feasibility. METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2011, four ...
Koharudin Leonardus M I - - 2013
Structure determination of protein-nucleic acid complexes remains a challenging task. Here we present a simple method for generating crystals of a CsrA-nucleic acid complex, guided entirely by results from nuclear magnetic resonances spectroscopy (NMR) spectroscopy. Using a construct that lacks thirteen non-essential C-terminal residues, efficient binding to DNA could be ...
Langberg Joshua M - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relation between Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) and academic functioning in a sample of 52 adolescents (40 males, 12 females) with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; M (age) = 13.75). This study builds on prior work by utilizing an empirically-based and psychometrically validated measure of SCT, ...
Bäckström Malin - - 2013
The gel-forming mucins are large and heavily O-glycosylated proteins which build up mucus gels. The recombinant production of full-length gel-forming mucins has not been possible to date. In order to study mucin biosynthesis and biochemistry, we and others have taken the alternative approach of constructing different recombinant proteins consisting of ...
Sumi Yuki - - 2013
Fragmin/protamine microparticles (F/P MPs) have been used as a cell carrier for adipose-derived stromal cells (IR-ASCs) in inbred male Fisher 344 rats, and for preservation and controlled-release of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 and various cytokines in inbred rat plasma (IRP)-DMEM (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium) gel. In this study, we investigated ...
Rinker Brian - - 2013
The superomedial pedicle vertical-scar breast reduction is an effective technique, but high revision rates have been reported. The purpose of this study is to determine if revision rates can be lowered by the rational use of an inverted-T technique in a subset of patients who undergo superomedial pedicle reduction. Records ...
Cao Wei-Dong - - 2013
Accumulating evidence suggests that tissue hypoxia and apoptosis play important roles in the malignant progression of brain tumors. We investigated the relationship of 14-3-3zeta (an apoptosis-related protein), HIF-1α, and VEGF immunohistochemistry, and evaluated the prognostic value of their expression in human brain gliomas. A semiquantitative analysis of the immunoreactivity scores ...
Ren Jun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that combination of dendritic cell (DC) with autologous cytokine-induced killer (CIK) immunotherapy in setting of high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) would be effective for selected metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our previous work showed thiotepa could eradicate breast cancer stem cells. From 2004 to 2009, 79 ...
Loring David W - - 2013
Reporting appropriate research detail across clinical disciplines is often inconsistent or incomplete. Insufficient report detail reduces confidence in findings, makes study replication more difficult, and decreases the precision of data available for critical review including meta-analysis. In response to these concerns, cooperative attempts across multiple specialties have developed explicit research ...
Asa Subas Chandra - - 2013
In the present study, concentration of some selected trace metals (Fe, Mn, Ni, Co, Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr and Cd) are measured in Brahmani, Baitarani river complex along with Dhamara estuary and its near shore. Chemical partitioning has been made to establish association of metals into different geochemical phases. The ...
Nordahl Birgitta - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To explore the experiences of alpine skiing at the elite level after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction. Design: A qualitative approach where semi-structured interviews were conducted, and an analysis of the manifest content was performed. Participants: Five ski high school students, two male and three female ...
Voss J D JD Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, - - 2013
The macrogeographic distribution of obesity in the United States, including the association between elevation and body mass index (BMI), is largely unexplained. This study examines the relationship between obesity and elevation, ambient temperature and urbanization. Data from a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of 422603 US adults containing BMI, behavioral (diet, ...
Radicioni Milko - - 2013
Background: Clodronate is a bisphosphonate effective in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Non-adherence to bisphosphonates, however, is a major issue in clinical practice. Simplifying dose regimens may increase compliance. Objectives: To assess bioequivalence between an intramuscular (i.m.) clodronate 200 mg/lidocaine 1% twice-a-month formulation and a clodronate ...
Da Silva Ivan Rocha Ferreira - - 2013
Neurology is traditionally recognized as primarily an outpatient or consultative specialty, usually attracting candidates whose main focus may not necessarily be the management of complex critically ill patients or the performance of invasive procedures. However, the advent of modern mechanical ventilation and, more recently, effective therapies for the treatment of ...
Rafiee Mohammad - - 2013
A novel and simple method for the electrochemical modification of ordered mesoporous silica is described. A well-organized thin film of amine-functionalized ordered mesoporous silica has been deposited electrochemically on the electrode surface. The resulting amine-functionalized electrodes were then subjected to post-functionalization with catechol moieties through electrochemical generation of reactive o-quinone ...
Jiménez-González M - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Cardiotrophin 1 (CT-1) is a recently described cytokine originally isolated from the heart where it has been shown to play an important role in apoptotic protection of cardiomyocytes and heart hypertrophy. Its beneficial properties have also been described in other organs such as liver and neuromuscular tissue. In the ...
Abdel Raheem Amr - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The management of patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) and some cases of obstructive azoospermia involves testicular sperm extraction (TESE or micro-dissection TESE) combined with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Several studies have investigated the effect of the male age, the ...
Kim Sung-Koo - - 2013
The acidic hydrolysis of biomass generates numerous inhibitors of fermentation, which adversely affect cell growth and metabolism. The goal of the present study was to determine the effects of fermentation inhibitors on growth and glucose consumption by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We also conducted in situ adsorption during cell cultivation in synthetic ...
Hreinsson Jóhann P - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The authors aimed to investigate the incidence and outcomes of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB) and to examine the role of drugs potentially associated with AUGIB. Methods. The study was prospective, population-based and consisted of all patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE), during the year of 2010 ...
Kische Stephan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To summarize our single Institution experience with staged total percutaneous management of aorto-mitral pathology. BACKGROUND: Percutaneous treatment of aortic valve stenosis (AVS) and mitral valve regurgitation (MVR) has been recently proposed for patients at high surgical risk. METHODS: Data concerning consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous transcatheter AV implantation (TAVI) followed ...
Lin Hong-Ru - - 2013
Pluronic micelles were prepared for ophthalmic delivery by incorporation of ethyl acetate as a dispersion agent and their surfaces were modified by chitosan to improve their bioavailability. The micelles disperse well in the solution and have a core-shell like structure with a particle size ranging from 93 to 181 nm ...
Lerm Stephanie - - 2013
The microbial diversity of a deep saline aquifer used for geothermal heat storage in the North German Basin was investigated. Genetic fingerprinting analyses revealed distinct microbial communities in fluids produced from the cold and warm side of the aquifer. Direct cell counting and quantification of 16S rRNA genes and dissimilatory ...
Woodland Philip P Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2013
Intact esophageal mucosal integrity is essential to prevent symptoms during gastroesophageal reflux events. Approximately 70% of patients with heartburn have macroscopically normal esophageal mucosa. In patients with heartburn, persistent functional impairment of esophageal mucosal barrier integrity may underlie remaining symptoms. Topical protection of a functionally vulnerable mucosa may be an ...
Weremijewicz Joanna - - 2013
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi can interconnect plant root systems through hyphal common mycorrhizal networks, which may influence the distribution of limiting mineral nutrients among interconnected individuals, potentially affecting competition and consequent size inequality. Using a microcosm model system, we investigated whether the members of Andropogon gerardii monocultures compete via common mycorrhizal ...
Fujimori Tsutomu - - 2013
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an organelle that synthesizes many secretory and membrane proteins. However, proteins often fold incorrectly. Terminally misfolded polypeptides in the ER are retro-translocated to the cytosol, where they are ultimately degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system, a process termed ER-associated degradation (ERAD). By recognizing the specific structures ...
Scotti Nicola - - 2013
The epoxidation of alkenes was carried out over a CuO/Al(2)O(3) catalyst using cumene as an oxygen carrier, through a one-pot reaction, giving high conversion and selectivity with different substrates. Trans-β-methylstyrene gave the corresponding epoxide in 95% yield after 3 h.
Lehner Ben - - 2013
To what extent can variation in phenotypic traits such as disease risk be accurately predicted in individuals? In this Review, I highlight recent studies in model organisms that are relevant both to the challenge of accurately predicting phenotypic variation from individual genome sequences ('whole-genome reverse genetics') and for understanding why, ...
Cho H H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody directed against B lymphocytes, has been found to be a therapeutic agent for severe, refractory autoimmune bullous diseases. However, a dosing schedule or treatment indication of rituximab has not yet been established. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the efficacy of rituximab and different dosing schedules for different ...
Ensenauer R - - 2013
Background:Defining prenatal modifiable risk factors of childhood overweight and obesity has become critical as the need of primary preventive strategies increases.Objective:To investigate the interrelationship between inadequate or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG), according to maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI)-specific Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations, and childhood overweight and abdominal ...
Hu Yunzhen - - 2013
Aspirin and clopidogrel are used widely as antiplatelet agents due to their efficacy, safety, and tolerability. In rare cases, these agents can cause thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, but no report has documented severe thrombocytopenia in response to both drugs in the same patient. A 73-yearold female developed severe thrombocytopenia following treatment ...
Longo Umile Giuseppe - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review is to analyze outcomes of surgical procedures for glenoid and/or humeral bony defects, performed singularly or in combination, in patients with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability. A secondary aim is to establish in clinical settings which percentage of glenoid or humeral bone loss needs ...
Pelaez-Vargas Alejandro - - 2013
The growing demand for better implant aesthetics has led to increased research on the development of all-ceramic dental implants. The use of microtextured coatings with enhanced properties has been presented as a viable way to improve tissue integrability of all-ceramic implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
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