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De Houwer Jan - - 2013
Learning has been defined functionally as changes in behavior that result from experience or mechanistically as changes in the organism that result from experience. Both types of definitions are problematic. We define learning as ontogenetic adaptation-that is, as changes in the behavior of an organism that result from regularities in ...
Molina Gustavo - - 2013
The Pseudomonas genus is one of the most diverse and ecologically significant groups of known bacteria, and it includes species that have been isolated worldwide in all types of environments. The bacteria from this genus are characterized by an elevated metabolic versatility, which is due to the presence of a ...
Beamonte-Barrientos Rene - - 2013
Understanding the sources of variation in oxidative stress level is a challenging issue due to the implications of oxidative stress for late age diseases, longevity and life-history trade-offs. Reactive oxygen species that cause oxidative stress are mostly a by-product of energy metabolism and it is therefore often assumed that oxidative ...
Defaveri Jacquelin - - 2013
The implications of transitioning to single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) from microsatellite markers (MSs) have been investigated in a number of population genetics studies, but the effect of genomic location on the amount of information each type of marker reveals has not been explored in detail. We developed novel SNP markers ...
Momoi Akihito - - 2013
We present a case of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) co-occurring with histological features of Castleman's disease (CD). A 25-year-old man presented with left supraclavicular and axillary lymph node swelling and mediastinal mass. Using an initial biopsy specimen from left axillary lymph node, a tentative diagnosis of multicentric CD of plasma ...
Shi Mu-Mu - - 2013
Most adult stem cells are in the G0 or quiescent phase of the cell cycle and account for only a small percentage of the cells in the tissue. Thus, isolation of stem cells from tissues for further study represents a major challenge. This study sought to enrich cancer stem cells ...
Rosoff James S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Management of prostate cancer following radiation therapy remains challenging, especially for younger men or those with life expectancy greater than 10 years. We outline the efficacy, safety and adequacy of radical prostatectomy for the treatment of radiorecurrent localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in September 2012 searching ...
Jiang Qian-Qian - - 2013
A series of six new tetravalent ligands () with two different sets of arms bind to the surface of β-tryptase, a tetrameric enzyme with an A(2)B(2) arrangement of its four monomers and two different binding sites on its protein surface (as suggested by a docking study). Besides proteinogenic amino acids ...
Brinegar Kimberly A - - 2013
A change in environmental context between study and test can produce detrimental effects on memory. For instance, when a change in the environment occurs after an event, memory for the event declines. However, the negative effects of context change can be eliminated when participants are provided with contextual cues. Here, ...
Marie Pierre J - - 2013
The ageing skeleton experiences a progressive decline in the rate of bone formation, which can eventually result in osteoporosis-a common disease characterized by reduced bone mass and altered bone microarchitecture which can result in fractures. One emerging therapy involves the identification of molecules that target bone-marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) ...
Wang Mei-Yun - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the association of quantitative 3-T diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and clinical severity in detecting optic nerve degeneration in patients with primary closed-angle glaucoma. METHODS: Twenty three patients (42 eyes; 9 men, 14 women) with ...
Naoe Tomoki - - 2013
Ten years ago, gene mutations found in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were conceptually grouped into class I mutation, which causes constitutive activation of intracellular signals that contribute to the growth and survival, and class II mutation, which blocks differentiation and/or enhance self-renewal by altered transcription factors. A cooperative model between ...
Qiu Man-Tang - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of non-protein coding part of human genome in carcinogenesis and metastasis. Among numerous kinds of non-protein coding RNAs, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a key regulatory role in cancer biology. LncRNAs are dysregulated in different kinds of cancer and the expression levels of certain ...
Becce Fabio - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare image quality of a standard-dose (SD) and a low-dose (LD) cervical spine CT protocol using filtered back-projection (FBP) and iterative reconstruction (IR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients investigated by cervical spine CT were prospectively randomised into two groups: SD (120 kVp, 275 mAs) and LD (120 kVp, 150 mAs), both applying ...
García-Palacios Pablo - - 2013
Domestication took plants from natural environments to agro-ecosystems, where resources are generally plentiful and plant life is better buffered against environmental risks such as drought or pathogens. We hypothesized that predictions derived from the comparison of low vs high resource ecosystems (faster-growing plants promoting faster nutrient cycling in the latter) ...
Maruyama Noriaki - - 2013
Background: The clinical utility of factor Xa inhibitors (xabans) has been demonstrated, but these inhibitors are contraindicated in patients undergoing dialysis therapy. Therefore, warfarin remains the mainstay for oral anticoagulation treatment of patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). Objective: This study investigated the changes in international normalized ratio (INR) during HD treatment ...
Ahn Jae-Sook - - 2013
The effectiveness of high-dose chemotherapy (HDT) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) as a frontline treatment in peripheral T cell lymphomas (PTCLs) is still unclear. We retrospectively investigated the clinical outcomes of HDT/ASCT as an intensifying frontline treatment in 31 patients with newly diagnosed PTCLs. The conditioning regimen of ...
Gordon Michael S - - 2013
The exponential increase of intensity for an approaching sound source provides salient information for a listener to make judgments of time to arrival (TTA). Specifically, a listener will experience a greater rate of increasing intensity for higher than for lower frequencies during a sound source's approach. To examine the relative ...
El-Safty Sherif A - - 2013
Methods for the continuous monitoring and removal of ultra-trace levels of toxic inorganic species (e.g., mercury, copper, and cadmium ions) from aqueous media such as drinking water and biological fluids are essential. In this paper, the design and engineering of a simple, pH-dependent, micro-object optical sensor is described based on ...
Andrews Marcella - - 2013
ABSTRACT Our purpose was to compare objective and subjective measures of energy exertion during caregiving tasks. Participants were primary caregivers (N = 19) of children and young adults (aged 3 -22 years) with cerebral palsy (CP) who require assistance for mobility and self-care (67% classified in level V on the Gross ...
Yang Chen-Yen - - 2013
Historically, vitamin D has been associated with the regulation of bone metabolism. However, increasing evidence demonstrates a strong association between vitamin D signaling and many biological processes that regulate immune responses. The discovery of the vitamin D receptor in multiple immune cell lineages, such as monocytes, dendritic cells, and activated ...
Maeda Norikazu - - 2013
Visceral fat accumulation is located upstream of metabolic syndrome. Recent progress in adipocyte biology has clarified the molecular mechanism for pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome and its related disorders. In this review we summarize adiponectin and AQP7 in the role of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases.
Engineer Reena - - 2013
PURPOSE: This trial was undertaken to compare the rates of resectability between patients treated with neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiation vs. boosted radiotherapy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with clinically unresectable rectal cancer were randomized to receive external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) to pelvis (45 Gy) with concurrent oral Capecitabine (CRT group; ...
Gong Lei - - 2013
It is clinically important to determine the myocardial viability of regional wall motion abnormality segments in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The purpose of this study was to ascertain the ability and value of a combination of speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (LDDSE) for ...
Khan Khan M - - 2013
Complete characterization of a layered tissue requires probing both the biochemical and the morphological information from its different layers at various depths. We report the development of a combined Raman spectroscopy (RS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) system that is capable of measuring depth-sensitive Raman signal from the tissue layers ...
Uehara Yoshiki - - 2013
The retrograde approach is a novel technique for improving the success rate of guidewire passage through chronic total occlusion (CTO). In addition, this technique, especially when intravascular ultrasound-guided reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde subintimal tracking is employed, may help the operator to save on the contrast media used. In the ...
Cao Qiang - - 2013
Dinitroamino benzene derivatives are designed and studied in detail with quantum chemistry method. The molecular theory density, heats of formation, bond dissociation energies, impact sensitive and detonation performance are investigated at DFT-B3LYP/6-311G** level. The results of detonation performance indicated most of the compounds have better detonation velocity and pressure than ...
Wang Guangqiang - - 2013
In this study, a naturally unsecretory intrinsically disordered domain of nucleoskeletal-like protein (Nsp) was attempted to be secreted with different types of secretion signals in Bacillus subtilis. The results showed that Nsp can be secreted efficiently by all selected Sec-type signal peptides. Nsp was successfully exported when fused to Tat-type ...
Smits Dirk-Wouter - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe patterns for gross motor development by level of severity in a Dutch population of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: This longitudinal study included 423 individuals (260 males, 163 females) with CP. The mean age at baseline was 9 years 6 months (SD ...
Jain Shilpee - - 2013
The development of scaffolds for neural tissue engineering application requires an understanding of cell adhesion, proliferation, and migration of neuronal cells. Considering the potential application of carbon as scaffold materials and the lack of understanding of compatibility of amorphous carbon with neuronal cells, the carbon-based materials in the forms of ...
Mebrhatu Mehari Tesfazgi - - 2013
Abstract Salmonella spp. are accountable for a large fraction of the global infectious disease burden, with most of their infections being food- or water-borne. The phenotypic features and adaptive potential of Salmonella spp. appear to be driven to a large extent by mobile or laterally acquired genetic elements. A better ...
Longo Umile Giuseppe - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review is to analyze outcomes of surgical procedures for glenoid and/or humeral bony defects, performed singularly or in combination, in patients with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability. A secondary aim is to establish in clinical settings which percentage of glenoid or humeral bone loss needs ...
Pelaez-Vargas Alejandro - - 2013
The growing demand for better implant aesthetics has led to increased research on the development of all-ceramic dental implants. The use of microtextured coatings with enhanced properties has been presented as a viable way to improve tissue integrability of all-ceramic implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Dudek Dariusz - - 2013
Objectives: To assess the impact of age on safety and efficacy of paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) implantation during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Background: The benefits of paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) implantation during primary PCI were confirmed by the long-term results of the HORIZONS-AMI ...
Ito Yasuhiro - - 2013
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy and its incidence has been increasing considerably in the past few decades. Many studies have been published providing evidence for this increase; however, why thyroid cancer incidence keeps rising is still debated and there are conflicting reports of factors leading to the ...
Richard B Lipton - - 2013
Abstract Background: Nausea is a common migraine symptom that is associated with impaired quality of life and functional disability. In this study, population-based data were used to elucidate the relationship between nausea frequency and headache-related healthcare utilization and costs in persons with migraine. Research Design and Methods: Participants with episodic ...
Matsubara Keisuke - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Subject head motion during sequential (15)O positron emission tomography (PET) scans can result in artifacts in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen metabolism maps. However, to our knowledge, there are no systematic studies examining this issue. Herein, we investigated the effect of head motion on quantification of CBF and ...
Ron Charach - - 2013
Abstract Objective - To investigate risk factors for hysterectomy following uterine rupture. Methods - A population-based study comparing all uterine ruptures with and without hysterectomy between 1988 and 2011 was conducted. Stratified analysis was performed using a multiple logistic regression analysis. Results - Peripartum hysterectomy complicated 20.7% (n = 34) ...
Becker Stephen P - - 2013
As research examining sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) advances, it is important to examine the structure and validity of SCT in a variety of samples, including samples of children who are clinically-distressed but not referred specifically for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study used a large sample of psychiatrically hospitalized children ...
Metcalfe Janet - - 2013
The cues contributing to people's metacognitions of agency were investigated in two experiments in which people played a computer game that involved trying to "touch", via a mouse moving a cursor, downward scrolling X's (Experiment 1), or trying to "explode" the downward scrolling X's (Experiment 2). Both experiments varied (a) ...
Reyes-Pérez Faviola - - 2013
The increasing demand for high-fiber products has favored the design of numerous bakery products rich in fiber such as bread, cookies, and cakes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the dietary fiber and estimated glycemic index of cookies containing extruded wheat bran. Wheat bran was subjected to extrusion ...
Zhang Dawei - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Our previous studies showed that glioma-associated oncogene (Gli)2 plays an important role in the proliferation and apoptosis resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical significance of Gli2 expression in HCC. METHODS: Expression of Gli2 protein was detected in samples ...
Sarici Dilek - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Iodine deficiency is the most devastating event in developing brain in the fetus and neonate. Iodine is absolutely necessary on the myelination, neuronal differentiation, and formation of neural processes, synaptogenesis, and neuronal migration by thyroidal hormones throughout pregnancy and shortly after birth. Neural tube defects (NTD) form after third ...
Kazemi Khoo N - - 2013
Intravenous laser blood irradiation (ILBI) is widely applied in the treatment of different pathologies including diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of ILBI on the metabolites of blood in diabetic type 2 patients using metabolomics. We compared blood samples of nine diabetic type 2 ...
Almeida Carolina - - 2013
PURPOSE: Little is known about the apoptotic mechanisms involved in abnormal spermatogenesis. In order to describe the significance of apoptosis in azoospermia, testicular tissue from abnormal spermatogenesis was analysed. METHODS: Testicular treatment biopsies were obtained from 27 men. Five presented oligozoospermia, 9 obstructive azoospermia (4 congenital bilateral absence of the ...
Shi Chenxia - - 2013
AIM: The remodeling of transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR) in human heart failure (HF) and in different animal models of cardiac hypertrophy or HF remains a controversial topic. We hypothesize that TDR may exhibit temporal alterations, depending on the stage of the disease. METHODS: We systematically investigated the temporal alterations ...
Provencio M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Cisplatin plus oral vinorelbine, one of the standard treatments for metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), is associated with a high rate of neutropenia, and a hemogram is performed on day 8. We analyzed the oncologists' opinions and the result of the hemogram on day 8 to address the question ...
Koukkoulli Antigoni - - 2013
Agents such as Densiron-68™, with specific gravity slightly greater than that of water (1.06 g/cm(3)), have been developed to tamponade the inferior retina following retinal detachment repair procedures. The minimal force that would result from the sinking of such an agent in balanced saline solution is not considered sufficient to permit ...
Fekete Szabolcs - - 2013
Various recent wide-pore reversed-phase stationary phases were studied for the analysis of intact monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) of 150 kDa and their fragments possessing sizes between 25 and 50 kDa. Different types of column technology were evaluated, namely, a prototype silica-based inorganic monolith containing mesopores of ∼250 Å and macropores of ∼ 1.1 μm, a column ...
Shalbaf Ahmad - - 2013
Identification and classification of left ventricular (LV) regional wall motion (RWM) abnormalities on echocardiograms has fundamental clinical importance for various cardiovascular disease assessments especially in ischemia. In clinical practice, this evaluation is still performed visually which is highly dependent on training and experience of the echocardiographers and therefore suffers from ...
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