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Results 201 - 250 of 3242
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Heck Maria Antonia - - 2013
The scope of this study was to describe the trends of tuberculosis indicators in relation to their prevalence, incidence and the case outcome percentages (cure, abandonment of treatment or death) for the patients who entered in the Program in Sapucaia do Sul, state of Rio Grande do Sul, between 2000 ...
Inal Jameel M - - 2013
The important roles of extracellular vesicles in the pathogenesis of various diseases are rapidly being elucidated. As important vehicles of intercellular communication, extracellular vesicles, which comprise microvesicles and exosomes, are revealing important roles in cancer tumorigenesis and metastases and in the spread of infectious disease. The September 2012 Focused Meeting ...
Bessonova Olga - - 2013
For the characterization of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) fields, hydrophone measurements should be performed in water in the whole range of the radiated power; however, cavitation occurs at high output, leading to the destruction of the hydrophone. To avoid this problem, a new hydrophone with additional protective layers covering the ...
Bagatto Marlene P - - 2013
Background: The Parents' Evaluation of Aural/Oral Performance of Children (PEACH) is a caregiver report questionnaire that is suitable for use with children who wear hearing aids. It is available in both a Diary format and a Rating Scale format. Following a critical review of subjective outcome evaluation tools for infants, ...
Simões Bárbara Dos Santos Bdos - - 2013
The scope of this study was to evaluate the nutritional profile of indigenous Xukuru-Kariri villagers in the state of Minas Gerais between seven and seventy-eight years of age in accordance with the different anthropometric and body composition indicator. The measurements were: weight, height, waist circumference (WC) and body fat percentage ...
Hoyer Inna - - 2013
The TSHR (thyrotropin receptor) is activated endogenously by the large hormone thyrotropin and activated pathologically by auto-antibodies. Both activate and bind at the extracellular domain. Recently, SMLs (small-molecule ligands) have been identified, which bind in an allosteric binding pocket within the transmembrane domain. Modelling driven site-directed mutagenesis of amino acids ...
Wu Di - - 2013
SUMMARY:: The Abbe flap has been used for full-thickness defects of the upper lip with the inferior labial artery as the pedicle. Using the fine artery anatomy of the lower lip, the authors developed an innovative partial-thickness myocutaneous flap based on the vascular network of the submucosal and subcutaneous layers, ...
Jacobson Joy - - 2013
After the disaster at four New York City hospitals.
Longo-Silva Giovana - - 2013
This article stresses the importance of the qualification of professionals involved in thefeeding of children in daycare centers, such that they offeradequate food and programs are developed in order to fosterhealthy food habits in infantsfrom birth. Thus, the scope of this paper was to evaluate the impact of a training ...
Inal Jameel M - - 2013
The release of extracellular vesicles, whether MVs (microvesicles) or exosomes, from host cells or intracellular pathogens is likely to play a significant role in the infection process. Host MVs may fuse with pathogen surfaces to deliver host complement regulatory proteins. They may also deliver cytokines that enhance invasion. Decoy functions ...
Esser Dominik - - 2013
Atypical protein kinases of the RIO (right open reading frame) kinase family are found in all three domains of life, emphasizing their essential function. In all archaeal genomes sequenced to date, typically two, but at least one, members of the RIO kinase family have been identified. Although the function of ...
Horon Robert - - 2013
The reliability, validity, and utility of the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (ASIQ), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS), and Reasons for Attempting Suicide Questionnaire (RASQ) with correctional mental health populations was evaluated. Evidence was found indicating good to excellent reliability for all measures. Each of the ...
Lins Ana Paula Machado - - 2013
The scope of this study was to analyze the factors associated with the prevalence of being overweight and obesity in a population of low-income adult women living in a metropolitan region and its association with socioeconomic, demographic, reproductive and lifestyle variables, highlighting the importance of healthy eating. A population-based, cross-sectional ...
Peeters Eveline - - 2013
For cellular fitness and survival, gene expression levels need to be regulated in response to a wealth of cellular and environmental signals. TFs (transcription factors) execute a large part of this regulation by interacting with the basal transcription machinery at promoter regions. Archaea are characterized by a simplified eukaryote-like basal ...
Cottet Martin - - 2013
Fluorescent ligands for GPCRs (G-protein-coupled receptors) have been synthesized for a long time but their use was usually restricted to receptor localization in the cell by fluorescent imaging microscopy. During the last two decades, the emergence of new fluorescence-based strategies and the concomitant development of fluorescent measurement apparatus have dramatically ...
Kaminski Lina - - 2013
Although performed by members of all three domains of life, the archaeal version of N-glycosylation remains the least understood. Studies on Haloferax volcanii have, however, begun to correct this situation. A combination of bioinformatics, molecular biology, biochemical and mass spectrometry approaches have served to delineate the Agl pathway responsible for ...
Paduch Darius A - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Disorders of ejaculation and orgasm are common, even in men with only mild erectile dysfunction (ED). Treatment with the phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitor tadalafil was associated with improvements in ejaculatory and orgasmic function. Patients with residual ejaculatory or orgasmic dysfunction ...
Mary Sophie - - 2013
The dynamic character of GPCRs (G-protein-coupled receptors) is essential to their function. However, the details of how ligands and signalling proteins stabilize a receptor conformation to trigger the activation of a given signalling pathway remain largely unexplored. Multiple data, including recent results obtained with the purified ghrelin receptor, suggest a ...
Atomi Haruyuki - - 2013
CoA is a ubiquitous molecule in all three domains of life and is involved in various metabolic pathways. The enzymes and reactions involved in CoA biosynthesis in eukaryotes and bacteria have been identified. By contrast, the proteins/genes involved in CoA biosynthesis in archaea have not been fully clarified, and much ...
Taylor John F - - 2013
The use of dietary adsorbents to reduce arsenic (As) exposure is innovative. Ferrihydrite successfully sorbs arsenite and asenate over a wide range of pH conditions and the As-ferrihydrite complexes are stable in gastrointestinal (GIT) models. Our objectives were to (1) compare structural characteristics (using x-ray diffraction and Fourier-transform infrared [FTIR] ...
Neil Janice A - - 2013
Obesity has become a major health concern in the United States. The number of patients seeking bariatric surgery has grown exponentially in recent years because of the proven success of weight-loss surgery, greater public acceptance, and the increasing number of insurers who will pay for these surgeries. Patients may seek ...
Chen Lifeng - - 2013
The objective of this study was to explore the clinical significance of survivin expression in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and the effect of survivin small hairpin RNA (shRNA) on survivin expression, apoptosis, and chemosensitivity in the human ovarian cancer cell line OVCAR3. A retrospective review of 90 consecutive EOC patients ...
de Vooght Karen M K - - 2013
Blood contains a mixture of extracellular vesicles from different cell types, primarily platelets, endothelial cells, leucocytes and erythrocytes. Erythrocytes are the most abundant cell type in blood and could, especially in certain pathologies, represent an important source of vesicles. Since erythrocytes contain the haemoglobin components iron and haem, which are potentially ...
Asfar Omar - - 2013
In this paper, guided ultrasonic wave propagation is analyzed in an elastic plate with sinusoidal surface corrugations. The corrugated area acts as a finite-length grating which corresponds to a 1-D phononic crystal (PC). The multiple-scale perturbation technique is used to derive coupled-mode equations describing the amplitudes of interacting modes. These ...
Tufts Mary H - - 2013
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over the last century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing ...
Veit Michael - - 2013
Influenza viruses contain two palmitoylated (S-acylated) proteins: the major spike protein HA (haemagglutinin) and the proton-channel M2. The present review describes the fundamental biochemistry of palmitoylation of HA: the location of palmitoylation sites and the fatty acid species bound to HA. Finally, the functional consequences of palmitoylation of HA and ...
Barwell James - - 2013
The CGRP (calcitonin gene-related peptide) receptor is a family B GPCR (G-protein-coupled receptor). It consists of a GPCR, CLR (calcitonin receptor-like receptor) and an accessory protein, RAMP1 (receptor activity modifying protein 1). RAMP1 is needed for CGRP binding and also cell-surface expression of CLR. CLR is an example of a ...
Fernandes Justin R - - 2013
: The most commonly performed skin rejuvenation procedure, laser resurfacing, is associated with adverse events and significant expense. The authors have developed a novel device that uses micro-coring needles to remove tissue in a fractional pattern and avoid the side effects of laser therapy. The authors compare the efficacy of ...
Potera Carol - - 2013
Older maternal age and poor health increase poor outcomes.
Eisenberg Sharon - - 2013
Ras GTPases are important regulators of pathways controlling proliferation, differentiation and transformation. Three ubiquitously expressed almost identical Ras genes are not functionally redundant; this has been attributed to their distinctive trafficking and localization profiles. A palmitoylation cycle controls the correct compartmentalization of H-Ras and N-Ras. We review recent data that ...
Kelly Eamonn - - 2013
Ligand bias refers to the ability of a drug at a receptor to activate selectively particular cell signalling pathways over others, in a way that cannot be explained by traditional models of receptor theory. For a physiologically and therapeutically important GPCR (G-protein-coupled receptor) such as the MOPr (μ-opioid receptor), the ...
Nichols Eric - - 2013
A framework for describing anion displacements from perfect octahedra in perovskites has been developed for use with neutron diffraction data sets. We describe the distortions as noncoplanar arrangements, or buckling, of oxygen ions in any central plane of the octahedron, ignoring the central cation. Nonplanar distortions of octahedra have been ...
Bogle Jamie M - - 2013
Background: The cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) is a reflexive change in sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle contraction activity thought to be mediated by a saccular vestibulo-collic reflex. CVEMP amplitude varies with the state of the afferent (vestibular) limb of the vestibulo-collic reflex pathway, as well as with the level of ...
Ortega-Aznar A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION. Diffuse infiltrative gliomas, the most common primary brain tumours, account for almost 80% of malignant brain tumours. 60-70% of gliomas are astrocytic and over 80% of these tumours is considered high grade malignancy (grade III and IV) according to current World Health Organization classification. Infiltrating gliomas include diffuse astrocytomas, ...
Rodrigues Alline Gouvea Martins - - 2013
The scope of this cross-sectional study was to describe the prevalence and factors associated with the choice of rice and beans (CRB) among diners in a buffet-by-weight restaurant. Data on anthropometric, socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics as well as weight and photographic record of the dishes chosen by the diner were ...
Pichardo Samuel - - 2013
Using cervical-carcinoma-derived cells as a model, the present study investigates the effects cell line and cell cycle phase have on sonoporation transfection efficiency under the same physical conditions. A plasmid expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) was used to measure transfection efficiency. To evaluate the effect of cell type, CaSki, HeLa, ...
Liao Wen-I - - 2013
We report the case of an adult patient with idiopathic pneumonia syndrome following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which was successfully managed with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and immunosuppressive therapy. A 30-year-old man with precursor B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia had received chemotherapy 10 years previously, with complete remission. ...
Carter David - - 2013
Better work environments for nurses seen as vital.
Brown Benjamin J - - 2013
SUMMARY:: Distal tibiofibular bridging (Ertl modification) in a below-knee amputation can provide an improved transmission of torque from the distal femur to the prosthesis. Without this bridge, the distal tibia and fibula are left freely rotating and translating in the soft-tissue envelope. The distal fibular segment creates a bone bridge ...
Alghoul Mohammed - - 2013
: The transition zone between cheek superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) and malar SMAS is difficult to raise because of proximity of zygomatic nerve branches. The authors attempted to clarify the three-dimensional anatomy of the retaining ligaments in relation to nerve branches in this area. : Facial dissection was performed on ...
D ľamico Richard A - - 2013
SUMMARY:: In 2011, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) created the Task Force on Regenerative Medicine to address the Society's strong interest in the emerging field of regenerative medicine, particularly cell- and tissue-based therapies applicable to plastic surgery procedures. The Task Force's U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Workgroup is ...
Batista Almária Mariz - - 2013
The scope of this paper was to evaluate advertising for medication broadcast on radio stations in Natal, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from April to September 2008 and from April to September 2010. The advertising was recorded and transcribed in order to conduct legal analysis and content analysis ...
Bobrie Angélique - - 2013
Communication between cells is particularly important during tumour progression. Communication can take place through direct cell-cell interactions, but also through extracellular secretion of mediators acting at a distance. These mediators can be either soluble molecules or more complex structures called membrane vesicles, enclosing soluble factors within a lipid bilayer. A ...
Zhang Changyi - - 2013
Recently, a novel gene-deletion method was developed for the crenarchaeal model Sulfolobus islandicus, which is a suitable tool for addressing gene essentiality in depth. Using this technique, we have investigated functions of putative DNA repair genes by constructing deletion mutants and studying their phenotype. We found that this archaeon may ...
Lopes Fernanda de Oliveira Fde - - 2013
The scope of this study was to estimate the prevalence of the use of supplements among newborns and analyze the factors associated with their use. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009 with a representative sample of 687 mothers interviewed in 15 communal wards in hospitals of the Unified Health ...
Wojtas Magdalena N - - 2013
In recent years, emerging structural information on the aRNAP (archaeal RNA polymerase) apparatus has shown its strong evolutionary relationship with the eukaryotic counterpart, RNA Pol (polymerase) II. A novel atomic model of SshRNAP (Sulfolobus shibatae RNAP) in complex with dsDNA (double-stranded DNA) constitutes a new piece of information helping the ...
Greig Aina V H - - 2013
: Bipartition distraction is a novel procedure combining frontofacial bipartition and monobloc distraction. Apert syndrome and other syndromic craniofacial dysostoses are often characterized by hypertelorism, with a negative canthal axis and counterrotated orbits. Central midface hypoplasia can result in a biconcave face in both midsagittal and axial planes. Bipartition distraction ...
Costa Simone de Melo Sde - - 2013
The scope of this paper was to analyze the problem of dental caries as a public health issue of epidemiological relevance. It is a case study based on documentary analysis of national epidemiological surveys on oral health in the years 1986, 2003 and 2010, with the Bioethics of Protection as ...
Gorinski Nataliya - - 2013
The covalent attachment of palmitic acid to one or more cysteine residues (S-palmitoylation) is a widespread modification of signalling proteins. With the finding that palmitoylation is a dynamic process, it is now widely accepted that repeated cycles of palmitoylation/depalmitoylation could be involved in the regulation of multiple signalling processes. Palmitoylation ...
Cancellieri Cinzia - - 2013
ACRs (atypical chemokine receptors) were initially referred to as 'silent' receptors on the basis of a lack of signalling and functional activities that are typically observed with conventional chemokine receptors. Although ACRs do not directly induce cell migration, they indirectly control leucocyte recruitment by shaping chemokine gradients in tissues through ...
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