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Qu Wenwen - - 2013
Surface properties of lens cases are determinant for their cleanability and for microbial transmission from lens cases to contact lenses (CLs). PEG-polymer-brush-coatings are known to decrease microbial adhesion more than other surface-coatings. Here, we applied a robust, silica nanoparticles-based brush-coating to polypropylene cases to evaluate their ease of cleaning and ...
Hyphantis Thomas - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric manifestations and personality traits are known to influence cancer patients. We aimed to assess psychological distress symptoms, psychosocial factors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in cancer of unknown primary site (CUP) and to test whether these parameters differ between CUP and Metastatic (MKPC) or Non-Metastatic Known Primary ...
Näsholm Torgny - - 2013
Symbioses between plant roots and mycorrhizal fungi are thought to enhance plant uptake of nutrients through a favourable exchange for photosynthates. Ectomycorrhizal fungi are considered to play this vital role for trees in nitrogen (N)-limited boreal forests. We followed symbiotic carbon (C)-N exchange in a large-scale boreal pine forest experiment ...
Smith C E - - 2013
Objective:Low-density lipoprotein-related receptor protein 1 (LRP1) is a multi-functional endocytic receptor and signaling molecule that is expressed in adipose and the hypothalamus. Evidence for a role of LRP1 in adiposity is accumulating from animal and in vitro models, but data from human studies are limited. The study objectives were to ...
Cha You Jin - - 2013
Objective: Using retrospective prescription analysis, this study aimed to investigate the risk factors for renal impairment among adult solid tumor and multiple myeloma patients who have received zoledronic acid injections in a teaching hospital over the last 4 years. Methods: We examined solid tumor and multiple myeloma patients who had ...
Ahn Jae-Sook - - 2013
The effectiveness of high-dose chemotherapy (HDT) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) as a frontline treatment in peripheral T cell lymphomas (PTCLs) is still unclear. We retrospectively investigated the clinical outcomes of HDT/ASCT as an intensifying frontline treatment in 31 patients with newly diagnosed PTCLs. The conditioning regimen of ...
Gordon Michael S - - 2013
The exponential increase of intensity for an approaching sound source provides salient information for a listener to make judgments of time to arrival (TTA). Specifically, a listener will experience a greater rate of increasing intensity for higher than for lower frequencies during a sound source's approach. To examine the relative ...
El-Safty Sherif A - - 2013
Methods for the continuous monitoring and removal of ultra-trace levels of toxic inorganic species (e.g., mercury, copper, and cadmium ions) from aqueous media such as drinking water and biological fluids are essential. In this paper, the design and engineering of a simple, pH-dependent, micro-object optical sensor is described based on ...
Andrews Marcella - - 2013
ABSTRACT Our purpose was to compare objective and subjective measures of energy exertion during caregiving tasks. Participants were primary caregivers (N = 19) of children and young adults (aged 3 -22 years) with cerebral palsy (CP) who require assistance for mobility and self-care (67% classified in level V on the Gross ...
Yang Chen-Yen - - 2013
Historically, vitamin D has been associated with the regulation of bone metabolism. However, increasing evidence demonstrates a strong association between vitamin D signaling and many biological processes that regulate immune responses. The discovery of the vitamin D receptor in multiple immune cell lineages, such as monocytes, dendritic cells, and activated ...
Go Young-Mi YM Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, - - 2013
Rapid advances in redox systems biology are creating new opportunities to understand complexities of human disease and contributions of environmental exposures. New understanding of thiol-disulfide systems have occurred during the past decade as a consequence of the discoveries that thiol and disulfide systems are maintained in kinetically controlled steady states ...
Maeda Norikazu - - 2013
Visceral fat accumulation is located upstream of metabolic syndrome. Recent progress in adipocyte biology has clarified the molecular mechanism for pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome and its related disorders. In this review we summarize adiponectin and AQP7 in the role of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases.
Beamonte-Barrientos Rene - - 2013
Understanding the sources of variation in oxidative stress level is a challenging issue due to the implications of oxidative stress for late age diseases, longevity and life-history trade-offs. Reactive oxygen species that cause oxidative stress are mostly a by-product of energy metabolism and it is therefore often assumed that oxidative ...
Defaveri Jacquelin - - 2013
The implications of transitioning to single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) from microsatellite markers (MSs) have been investigated in a number of population genetics studies, but the effect of genomic location on the amount of information each type of marker reveals has not been explored in detail. We developed novel SNP markers ...
Momoi Akihito - - 2013
We present a case of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) co-occurring with histological features of Castleman's disease (CD). A 25-year-old man presented with left supraclavicular and axillary lymph node swelling and mediastinal mass. Using an initial biopsy specimen from left axillary lymph node, a tentative diagnosis of multicentric CD of plasma ...
Shi Mu-Mu - - 2013
Most adult stem cells are in the G0 or quiescent phase of the cell cycle and account for only a small percentage of the cells in the tissue. Thus, isolation of stem cells from tissues for further study represents a major challenge. This study sought to enrich cancer stem cells ...
Rosoff James S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Management of prostate cancer following radiation therapy remains challenging, especially for younger men or those with life expectancy greater than 10 years. We outline the efficacy, safety and adequacy of radical prostatectomy for the treatment of radiorecurrent localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in September 2012 searching ...
Jiang Qian-Qian - - 2013
A series of six new tetravalent ligands () with two different sets of arms bind to the surface of β-tryptase, a tetrameric enzyme with an A(2)B(2) arrangement of its four monomers and two different binding sites on its protein surface (as suggested by a docking study). Besides proteinogenic amino acids ...
Brinegar Kimberly A - - 2013
A change in environmental context between study and test can produce detrimental effects on memory. For instance, when a change in the environment occurs after an event, memory for the event declines. However, the negative effects of context change can be eliminated when participants are provided with contextual cues. Here, ...
Marie Pierre J - - 2013
The ageing skeleton experiences a progressive decline in the rate of bone formation, which can eventually result in osteoporosis-a common disease characterized by reduced bone mass and altered bone microarchitecture which can result in fractures. One emerging therapy involves the identification of molecules that target bone-marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) ...
Lukas Rimas V - - 2013
A 50-year-old woman with a history of metastatic malignant thymoma presented with diffuse neuropathic pain involving the extremities and torso prior to chemotherapy and radiation. She also developed episodic diarrhea, diaphoresis, fevers, insomnia, and encephalopathy. Examination revealed rippling muscles (video on the Neurology® Web site at www.neurology.org). Prolonged afterdischarges were ...
Follin Elna - - 2013
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes are the most polymorphic genes found in the vertebrate genome, and they encode proteins that play an essential role in the adaptive immune response. Many songbirds (passerines) have been shown to have a large number of transcribed MHC class I genes compared to most ...
Herrinton Lisa J LJ Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA 94612, USA. - - 2013
Anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) agents have been hypothesized to increase the risk of interstitial lung disease (ILD), including its most severe manifestation, pulmonary fibrosis. We conducted a cohort study among autoimmune disease patients who were members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 1998-2007. We obtained therapies from pharmacy data and diagnoses ...
Wang Xiao - - 2013
Objective : Because interpersonal discussion about condom use can encourage subsequent condom use, this project aims to examine the psychological antecedents of intentions to discuss or request the use of condoms with a sexual partner. Method : The data were collected from 849 heterosexual college students in the USA through ...
Han Song-Hee - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection has been linked to the development of lymphocytic gastritis (LG) characterized by ≥25 intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) per 100 epithelial cells. We hypothesize that the changes in the subpopulation and/or cytotoxicity of IELs leading to epithelial cell apoptosis may be involved in the pathogenesis of H. pylori-associated LG. ...
Yu Zhou - - 2013
In this paper, large scale hierarchical CdS dendrites are synthesized via a facile and effective hydrothermal route. The morphologies, microstructures and photocatalytic properties of the as-synthesized products are investigated in detail. Individual CdS dendrites consist of a long central trunk with secondary and tertiary sharp branches, which preferentially grow in ...
Liu P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Resveratrol is an edible polyphenolic phytoalexin present in different plant species and plays important role in inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells. In this paper, the mechanism of resveratrol on PANC-1, CFPAC-1 and MIA Paca-2 cells apoptosis was examined. METHODS: We first evaluated the effect of ...
Fiorentino A - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the differences between the target delineation using computed tomography (CT) and imaging fusion CT/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the radiotherapy planning of glioblastoma. METHODS: One hundred-twenty gross tumor volume and clinical target volume on CT and MRI (GTV(CT)/CTV(CT), GTV(MRI)/CTV(MRI), respectively) were contoured and evaluated. The treatments planning ...
Zhaxybayeva Olga - - 2013
Biogeography of microbial populations remains to be poorly understood, and a novel technique of single cell sorting promises a new level of resolution for microbial diversity studies. Using single cell sorting, we compared saturated NaCl brine environments (32-35 %) of the South Bay Salt Works in Chula Vista in California (USA) ...
Houdmont Jonathan - - 2013
Abstract In response to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, many employers in sub-Saharan Africa have introduced voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) for HIV. To assess the factors that predict repeat VCT attendance at 12-month follow-up we analysed data from a nurse-administered questionnaire that was distributed to factory workers in ...
Shimizu K K Department of Traumatology and Acute Critical Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan. - - 2013
Single-subject case. To describe the atypical presentation of communication with a blind tetraplegic spinal cord injury patient on a respirator using an electrolarynx. Critical care center in Osaka, Japan. A 53-year-old blind man with tetraplegic spinal cord injury was admitted to our center. It was difficult for him to express ...
Zhuang Yanli - - 2013
Objective: Sirukumab (CNTO 136) is a human mAb with high affinity and specificity for binding to interleukin-6. This Phase 1 study evaluated the pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, safety, and tolerability of sirukumab following a single subcutaneous (s.c.) administration in healthy male Japanese and Caucasian subjects. Methods: Japanese and Caucasian subjects were randomized ...
Bansal Aasthaa A Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2013
When an existing risk prediction model is not sufficiently predictive, additional variables are sought for inclusion in the model. This paper addresses study designs to evaluate the improvement in prediction performance that is gained by adding a new predictor to a risk prediction model. We consider studies that measure the ...
Nakajima Yuki - - 2013
The management of acute leukemia during pregnancy is challenging. Delays in treatment for acute leukemia can adversely affect maternal prognosis, but chemotherapy during pregnancy may induce severe adverse effects on the fetus. Here, we report a case of a pregnant woman with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+)ALL) who underwent ...
Keller Deborah S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gastric electric stimulation (GES) is used for refractory gastroparesis symptoms. Although symptomatic improvement has been reported with GES, few studies describe the need for additional surgery after placement. Our goal was to evaluate the outcomes of a large series of GES at a single institution. METHODS: A retrospective review ...
Mori Nana - - 2013
Two types of DNA/protamine complexes were prepared from protamine sulfate and 7000 base pair (bp) DNA or original DNA to investigate the effect of the molecular weight of DNA on zeta potential, cell viability, flowability, soft tissue response, and biodegradation rate. The 7000 bp DNA/protamine complex had a negative charge ...
Leslie Laura J - - 2013
Cell exclusion is the phenomenon whereby the hematocrit and viscosity of blood decrease in areas of high stress. While this is well known in naturally occurring Poiseuille flow in the human body, it has never previously been shown in Couette flow, which occurs in implantable devices including blood pumps. The ...
Win Aung Ko AK Centre for Molecular, Environmental, Genetic and Analytic Epidemiology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2013
Despite regular surveillance colonoscopy, the metachronous colorectal cancer risk for mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutation carriers after segmental resection for colon cancer is high and total or subtotal colectomy is the preferred option. However, if the index cancer is in the rectum, management decisions are complicated by considerations of impaired ...
Conde E - - 2013
The arrival of targeted therapies has presented both a conceptual and a practical challenge in the treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs). The relationship of these treatments with specific histologies and predictive biomarkers has made the handling of biopsies the key factor for success. In this ...
Reyes-Haro Daniel - - 2013
The ependymal glial cells (EGCs) from the periventricular zone of the cerebellum were studied to determine their distribution and the functional properties of their γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A) ) receptors. EGCs were identified by the presence of ciliated structures on their ventricular surface and their expression of glial fibrillary ...
Wang Limin - - 2013
Porous polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) has been used as an alloplastic bone substitute in the craniofacial complex, showing integration with the surrounding soft and hard tissue. This study investigated the physicochemical properties of curing and cured mixtures of a PMMA-based bone cement and a carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) gel porogen. Four formulations yielding porous ...
De Houwer Jan - - 2013
Learning has been defined functionally as changes in behavior that result from experience or mechanistically as changes in the organism that result from experience. Both types of definitions are problematic. We define learning as ontogenetic adaptation-that is, as changes in the behavior of an organism that result from regularities in ...
Molina Gustavo - - 2013
The Pseudomonas genus is one of the most diverse and ecologically significant groups of known bacteria, and it includes species that have been isolated worldwide in all types of environments. The bacteria from this genus are characterized by an elevated metabolic versatility, which is due to the presence of a ...
Engineer Reena - - 2013
PURPOSE: This trial was undertaken to compare the rates of resectability between patients treated with neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiation vs. boosted radiotherapy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with clinically unresectable rectal cancer were randomized to receive external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) to pelvis (45 Gy) with concurrent oral Capecitabine (CRT group; ...
Gong Lei - - 2013
It is clinically important to determine the myocardial viability of regional wall motion abnormality segments in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The purpose of this study was to ascertain the ability and value of a combination of speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and low dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (LDDSE) for ...
Khan Khan M - - 2013
Complete characterization of a layered tissue requires probing both the biochemical and the morphological information from its different layers at various depths. We report the development of a combined Raman spectroscopy (RS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) system that is capable of measuring depth-sensitive Raman signal from the tissue layers ...
Uehara Yoshiki - - 2013
The retrograde approach is a novel technique for improving the success rate of guidewire passage through chronic total occlusion (CTO). In addition, this technique, especially when intravascular ultrasound-guided reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde subintimal tracking is employed, may help the operator to save on the contrast media used. In the ...
Cao Qiang - - 2013
Dinitroamino benzene derivatives are designed and studied in detail with quantum chemistry method. The molecular theory density, heats of formation, bond dissociation energies, impact sensitive and detonation performance are investigated at DFT-B3LYP/6-311G** level. The results of detonation performance indicated most of the compounds have better detonation velocity and pressure than ...
Wang Guangqiang - - 2013
In this study, a naturally unsecretory intrinsically disordered domain of nucleoskeletal-like protein (Nsp) was attempted to be secreted with different types of secretion signals in Bacillus subtilis. The results showed that Nsp can be secreted efficiently by all selected Sec-type signal peptides. Nsp was successfully exported when fused to Tat-type ...
Smits Dirk-Wouter - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe patterns for gross motor development by level of severity in a Dutch population of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: This longitudinal study included 423 individuals (260 males, 163 females) with CP. The mean age at baseline was 9 years 6 months (SD ...
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