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Langenbach Caspar - - 2013
Nonhost resistance (NHR) of plants to fungal pathogens comprises different defense layers. Epidermal penetration resistance of Arabidopsis to Phakopsora pachyrhizi requires functional PEN1, PEN2 and PEN3 genes, whereas post-invasion resistance in the mesophyll depends on the combined functionality of PEN2, PAD4 and SAG101. Other genetic components of Arabidopsis post-invasion mesophyll ...
Gaston Gina B - - 2013
Abstract Most studies of cultural competence in healthcare examine healthcare providers' definitions of cultural competence practices. This study is unique in that it examines the relationship between African-American patients' perceptions of the cultural competence of their HIV healthcare providers and the adherence of these patients to medical self-care and antiretroviral ...
Fealy Nigel - - 2013
Purpose: The choice of vascular access catheter may affect filter life during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). In particular, differences in catheter design might affect the incidence of circuit clotting related to catheter malfunction. Design and setting: Sequential controlled study in a tertiary, adult intensive care unit (ICU). Aim: To ...
Hancock-Howard Rebecca L - - 2013
Abstract Objective The only effective treatment for severe aortic stenosis (AS) is valve replacement. However, many patients with coexisting conditions are ineligible for surgical valve replacement, historically leaving medical management (MM) as the only option which has a poor prognosis. Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is a less invasive replacement ...
Vebraite Evelina - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate cognitive failures of patients visiting pharmacies and to study utilization of drugs for dementia therapy in Lithuania. Methods: 153 patients completed a Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ) at pharmacy. The ATC/DDD method was used to evaluate utilization of drugs licensed for dementia treatment, including C04AE (peripheral vasodilators), N04BD ...
Cheng J - - 2013
Early in vivo animal test on pure iron coronary stent had proved that it is a promising candidate material as biodegradable metal, despite a faster degradation rate and uniform degradation mode is expected. In this work, Fe-X (X= W, CNT) composites were prepared from powders of pure iron and the ...
Faião-Flores Fernanda - - 2013
The main difficulty in the successful treatment of metastatic melanoma is that this type of cancer is known to be resistant to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy remains the treatment of choice, and dacarbazine (DTIC) is the best standard treatment. The DM-1 compound is a curcumin analog that possesses several curcumin characteristics, such ...
Salam Kazi Abdus - - 2013
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the causative agent of hepatitis C, a chronic infectious disease that can lead to development of hepatocellular carcinoma. The NS3 nucleoside triphosphatase (NTPase)/helicase has an essential role in HCV replication, and is therefore an attractive target for direct-acting antiviral strategies. In this study, we employed ...
Patel Manishkumar B - - 2013
A series of novel cationic fullerene derivatives bearing a substituted-quinazolin-4(3H)-one moiety as a side arm were synthesized using the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of C(60) with azomethine ylides generated from the corresponding Schiff bases of substituted quinazolinones. The synthesized compounds 5a-f were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, (1) H NMR, (13) ...
Lambert Anne - - 2013
A mother and son presented with mild symptoms of thalassemia trait. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of their globin genes revealed a previously unreported 203 bp microdeletion in the HBA2 gene (NG_000006.1:g.34305_34507del; HBA2:c301-30_*44del). Both mother and son were heterozygous for the deletion which included DNA coding for all of exon ...
Kanjanawart Sirimas - - 2013
Moxifloxacin, a 4th generation of fluoroquinolones, is a broad spectrum antibacterial agent against respiratory tract pathogens, including Gram-positive and Gramnegative bacteria, anaerobic bacteria and atypical respiratory tract pathogens. In order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of generic moxifloxacin products, the bioequivalence of these generic products with an approved reference ...
Belaya Z E - - 2013
Patients with endogenous hypercortisolism have higher sclerostin, but do not differ in Dickkopf 1 (Dkk1) or secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) levels as compared to healthy control. INTRODUCTION: Endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS), usually affecting young and otherwise healthy patients, is a good model to validate the effects of supraphysiological levels ...
Moroi Rintaro - - 2013
An association between FCGR3A-158 V/F polymorphism and biological responses to infliximab has been reported in Crohn's disease (CD) in Western countries. However, little is known about the mechanism by which gene polymorphism affects the responses to infliximab. The aims of this study were to confirm the association in Japanese CD patients ...
Jha Priyanka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Skeletal surveys for non-accidental trauma (NAT) include lateral spinal and pelvic views, which have a significant radiation dose. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pelvic and lateral spinal radiographs should routinely be performed during initial bone surveys for suspected NAT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The radiology database was queried for the period ...
Tafavogh Siamak - - 2013
Neuroblastoma is a malignant tumor and a cancer in childhood that derives from the neural crest. The number of neuroblastic cells within the tumor provides significant prognostic information for pathologists. An enormous number of neuroblastic cells makes the process of counting tedious and error-prone. We propose a user interaction-independent framework ...
Cheatham Sharon L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We report the Melody valve implanted and/or expanded to 24mm diameter. BACKGROUND: The Medtronic Melody valve has been implanted up to 22mm in the pulmonary position for over a decade. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 82 patients who underwent Melody valve implant. Technical implant method, pre- ...
Brown Ted - - 2013
ABSTRACT The Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2nd edition (DTVP-2) is frequently used by occupational therapists to evaluate school-age children. It is important that therapists use assessments with established validity and reliability. This study investigated the convergent validity and internal consistency of the DTVP-2. Forty-five healthy participants from Australia, aged 6-12 years, ...
Kodama Tomonobu - - 2013
Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with detachable coils has been accepted widely. Problems of coil compaction, recanalization and rare endothelialization at the aneurysm orifice are not yet solved. We investigated the efficacy of a simvastatin coating applied without any additional matrix to coils to accelerate thrombus organization in the cavity ...
Liu Yunbao - - 2013
Curcuma spp. (Zingiberaceae) is one of the significant ingredients in food and traditional medicines. The current study was to investigate health-benefits of the rhizomes of endemic Curcuma caesia, Curcuma zedoaria and Curcuma aeruginosa using in vitro antioxidant, antiinflammatory and human tumor cell proliferation inhibitory activities. Among these, C. caesia (black ...
Qu Wenwen - - 2013
Surface properties of lens cases are determinant for their cleanability and for microbial transmission from lens cases to contact lenses (CLs). PEG-polymer-brush-coatings are known to decrease microbial adhesion more than other surface-coatings. Here, we applied a robust, silica nanoparticles-based brush-coating to polypropylene cases to evaluate their ease of cleaning and ...
Hyphantis Thomas - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric manifestations and personality traits are known to influence cancer patients. We aimed to assess psychological distress symptoms, psychosocial factors and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in cancer of unknown primary site (CUP) and to test whether these parameters differ between CUP and Metastatic (MKPC) or Non-Metastatic Known Primary ...
Näsholm Torgny - - 2013
Symbioses between plant roots and mycorrhizal fungi are thought to enhance plant uptake of nutrients through a favourable exchange for photosynthates. Ectomycorrhizal fungi are considered to play this vital role for trees in nitrogen (N)-limited boreal forests. We followed symbiotic carbon (C)-N exchange in a large-scale boreal pine forest experiment ...
Smith C E - - 2013
Objective:Low-density lipoprotein-related receptor protein 1 (LRP1) is a multi-functional endocytic receptor and signaling molecule that is expressed in adipose and the hypothalamus. Evidence for a role of LRP1 in adiposity is accumulating from animal and in vitro models, but data from human studies are limited. The study objectives were to ...
Cha You Jin - - 2013
Objective: Using retrospective prescription analysis, this study aimed to investigate the risk factors for renal impairment among adult solid tumor and multiple myeloma patients who have received zoledronic acid injections in a teaching hospital over the last 4 years. Methods: We examined solid tumor and multiple myeloma patients who had ...
Yang Fan - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study engaged in investigation of optimal formulation, characteristics analysis of Brucea javanica oil microemulsion (BJOM) in order to address safety concerns and make recommendations for improvements in BJOM safety during clinical use in vivo. Methods: Pseudo-ternary phase diagram techniques were used to determine the appropriate ratio of ...
Majem M - - 2013
Docetaxel, pemetrexed and epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (gefitinib and erlotinib) are recommended second-line therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with disease progression. Although erlotinib is the only recommended third-line therapy, several drugs are being used in the clinic. Recent studies have focused on combining ...
Fossaceca Rita - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in a selected population of diabetic patients with below-the-knee (BTK) disease and to analyze the reliability of the angiosome model. METHODS: We made a retrospective analysis of the results of PTA performed in 201 diabetic patients with BTK-only disease treated ...
Davis James S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Pediatric cardiac malignancies are exceedingly rare. We sought to examine demographics, presentation, and outcomes for this pathology. METHODS: The SEER registry from 1973 to 2008 was queried for all patients <20 years of age with cardiac malignancies. RESULTS: A total of 25 pediatric patients were identified with primary cardiac malignancies, ...
Hanisch Halvor - - 2013
Recent research has highlighted how parental narratives can be important in the resistance against disabling processes. This article contains analyses of enabling language in narratives published by Scandinavian disability rights organizations. First, drawing on the work of Fisher and Goodley, I point out that the material constitute a threefold: normality ...
Björling Karl - - 2013
Aim: Using mice deficient in the Ca(V) 3.1 T-type Ca(2+) channel, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the molecular identity of non-L-type channels involved in vascular tone regulation in mesenteric arteries and arterioles. Methods: We used immunofluorescence microscopy to localize Ca(V) 3.1 channels, patch clamp electrophysiology to ...
Peyre Matthieu - - 2013
Invasion of the brain parenchyma by a meningioma classified by histological criteria as World Health Organization (WHO) Grade I meningioma, implies that the tumor has greater likelihood of recurrence and a biological behavior similar to the more aggressive WHO Grade II meningiomas. It is therefore important to detect microscopic foci ...
Unal Aydin - - 2013
Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a common complication in hemodialysis (HD) patients and its pathogenesis is not explained clearly. Arterio-venous fistulas (AVFs) creation may contribute to the development of PAH because of increased pulmonary artery blood flow. However, it was not prospectively evaluated that effect of AVF on the ...
Tan Shi Zhuan - - 2013
The use of intravitreal ranibizumab in exudative age-related macular degeneration (eAMD) has become commonplace. We aim to investigate the early predictors of this treatment outcome. Seventy-one treatment-naive eyes of 71 patients with eAMD of all lesion subtypes who received intravitreal ranibizumab treatment and completed 12 months of follow-up were included. All ...
McKie John - - 2013
The study examined the question of who should make decisions for a National Health Scheme about the allocation of health resources when the health states of beneficiaries could change because of adaptation. Eight semi-structured small group discussions were conducted. Following focus group theory, interviews commenced with general questions followed by ...
Xie Q - - 2013
The aetiology of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is multifactorial, and numerous studies have addressed that occlusion may be of great importance. However, whether occlusion plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of TMD remains controversial. Study designs utilising animal models have been used to study the effects of artificial occlusal alterations. ...
Rigouin Pascal - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the organizational and psychosocial risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in workers exposed to various levels of work-related constraints, with a special focus on factors related to the work organization. METHODS: From 3,710 workers, representative of a French region's working ...
Enoki K - - 2013
Because there are more elderly people than ever before and because they are living for longer periods of time, it is essential to understand the determinants of healthy ageing. This study examined changes in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Japanese elderly over a 7-year period. A sample of ...
Jia Lian - - 2013
A hydroponic experiment was carried out to investigate possible hormetic response induced by cadmium (Cd) in a potential hyperaccumulator-Lonicera japonica Thunb. The results showed that Cd at low concentrations induced a significant increase in plant growth, leaf water content and content of photosynthetic pigments in L. japonica, but decreased them ...
Huang Shaobai - - 2013
The light responsiveness of mitochondrial function was investigated through changes in mitochondrial composition and metabolism in rice (Oryza sativa) shoots. The mitochondrial proteome and metabolite abundances under low light, (LL, 100 μmol m(-2)  s(-1) ), and high light (HL, 700 μmol m(-2)  s(-1) ) were measured along with information on shoot photosynthetic, respiratory and ...
Lim Jing - - 2013
Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) is a biocompatible and bioresorbable copolymer that has generated research interest as a bone scaffold material. However, its brittleness and degradation characteristics can be improved upon. We hypothesized that blending with medical-grade polycaprolactone (PCL) can improve degradation and mechanical characteristics. Here, we report the development of solvent-blended PHBHHx/PCL ...
Danuser Hansjoerg - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The occurence of lymphoceles in patients after radical prostatectomy is well known (2-10%). It appears that patients undergoing open extraperitoneal radical prostatectomy develop more lymphoceles than patients undergoing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy with transperitoneal access. The present study investigates in ...
Yamauchi Kensuke - - 2013
The present study evaluated the use of this self-activated shape memory alloy (SMA) device, with a focus on its effects in the region under the periosteum. Twelve Japanese white rabbits were used in this study. The device was inserted under the periosteum at the forehead. In the experimental group, the ...
Panda-Jonas Songhomitra - - 2013
Purpose:  To compare the optic nerve head appearance in glaucomatous eyes before and after marked reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods:  The hospital-based observational case-series study included selected glaucoma patients for whom optic disc photographs taken before and 1 week to 5 months after surgical reduction of IOP were morphometrically examined. Results:  ...
Macqueen D A - - 2013
A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the α5 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit gene, rs16969968, has been repeatedly associated with both smoking and respiratory health phenotypes. However, there remains considerable debate as to whether associations with lung cancer are mediated through effects on smoking behavior. Preclinical studies suggest that α5 receptor subunit ...
Wong Geoff - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in realist synthesis as an alternative systematic review method. This approach offers the potential to expand the knowledge base in policy-relevant areas - for example, by explaining the success, failure or mixed fortunes of complex interventions. No previous publication standards exist for reporting realist syntheses. ...
Rosier-van Dunné F M F - - 2013
Abstract Objective To asses the relation between echogenicity changes in the fetal brain and neurodevelopmental outcome until 6 years of age. Methods Fetuses (n=124) from pregnancies affected by hypertensive disorders (n=64) or preterm labor (n=60) at risk for preterm birth (26-34 weeks gestation) were studied. Moderate echogenicity changes (periventricular grade ...
Romero Lauro Gonzalo - - 2013
Digital pathology has grown dramatically in the last 10 years and has created opportunities to not only support the triaging of difficult cases among specialists within an organization, but also enable remote pathology consultations with external organizations across the world. This study investigated one organization's need for a vendor agnostic ...
Jung Chang Hee - - 2013
The rapidly increasing prevalence of obesity confers a huge health burden globally. The hypothalamus plays a central role in the regulation of energy homeostasis by integrating multiple metabolic signals from peripheral organs and modulating feeding behavior and energy metabolism. Leptin, a key appetite-regulating hormone derived from the white adipose tissue, ...
Helminen Eeva-Eerika - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, with pain being its most common symptom. Little is known about the psychological aspects of knee osteoarthritis pain. There is an emerging consensus among osteoarthritis specialists about the importance of addressing not only biological but also psychosocial factors in ...
Göhler Karin - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of orally administered tapentadol immediate release (IR) compared with tapentadol prolonged release (PR). Methods: Three randomized, open-label, crossover studies were conducted in subjects under fasted conditions. Studies 1 and 2 determined the absolute bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of oral tapentadol IR 86 mg and ...
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