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Boye Shannon E SE Department of Ophthalmology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. - - 2013
Blindness, although not life threatening, is a debilitating disorder for which few, if any treatments exist. Ocular gene therapies have the potential to profoundly improve the quality of life in patients with inherited retinal disease. As such, tremendous focus has been given to develop such therapies. Several factors make the ...
Hettne Kristina M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Availability of chemical response-specific lists of genes (gene sets) for pharmacological and/or toxic effect prediction for compounds is limited. We hypothesize that more gene sets can be created by next-generation text mining (next-gen TM), and that these can be used with gene set analysis (GSA) methods for chemical ...
Nagasawa A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Platelet activation in circulation is considered to be associated with thrombosis and inflammation; thus, sensitive and easy-to-use markers are necessary. In this study, we established a simple and rapid protocol to clinically examine leukocyte-platelet aggregate formation associated with activated platelets in circulation. METHODS: Whole blood was stained with PC5-conjugated ...
Jiao W - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. As CUGBP1 may also play a great role in tumor genesis and deterioration, the purpose of this study was to detect the expression of CUGBP1 mRNA and CUGBP1 and assess the prognostic significance of ...
Alario Anthony F - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the intra and inter-user reliability of central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements obtained using a portable spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) device in healthy feline eyes. ANIMALS: Twenty clinically normal cats. PROCEDURES: Gentle manual restraint was utilized for proper animal positioning. Central corneal thickness measurements were obtained from ...
Brunnekreef Jaap J JJ Department of Orthopaedics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P.O. Box 9101, 6500, HB, Nijmegen, The - - 2013
Heterotopic ossification is a common complication after total hip arthroplasty. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to prevent heterotopic ossifications effectively, however gastrointestinal complaints are reported frequently. In this study, we investigated whether etoricoxib, a selective cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor that produces fewer gastrointestinal side effects, is an effective alternative for ...
Méan Marie - - 2013
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is common and has a high impact on morbidity, mortality, and costs of care. Although most of the patients with VTE are aged ≥65 years, there is little data about the medical outcomes in the elderly with VTE. The Swiss Cohort of Elderly Patients with VTE (SWITCO65+) is ...
Hsueh Han-Yu - - 2013
Well-defined multibranched gold (Au) in polymers, both as bulk or continuous thin films, can be fabricated by using a nanoporous polymer with gyroid nanochannels as a template. The nanoporous polymer template is obtained from the self-assembly of a degradable block copolymer, polystyrene-b-poly (L-lactide) (PS-PLLA), followed by the hydrolysis of PLLA ...
Forgács Gergely - - 2013
This study deals with the utilization of chicken feather waste as a substrate for anaerobic digestion and improving biogas production by degradation of the compact structure of the feather keratin. In order to increase the digestibility of the feather, different pretreatments were investigated, including thermal pretreatment at 120 °C for 10 min, ...
Shea M L O ML Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. - - 2013
Antidepressants are associated with bone loss and fractures in older adults. We treated depressed older adults with an antidepressant and examined its effects on bone turnover by comparing blood samples before and after treatment. Bone resorption increased after antidepressant treatment, which may increase fracture risk. Antidepressants have been associated with ...
Harada Ken - - 2013
We evaluated the association between inflammatory markers and coronary artery plaque assessed by 64-slice multidetector computed tomography. Coronary computed tomography angiography was performed in patients with chest discomfort suggestive of coronary artery disease (CAD). Individuals with an acute coronary syndrome were excluded from the study. Coronary plaque morphology, the number ...
Torres Felipe Vasconcelos - - 2013
Glutamate concentration at the synaptic level must be kept low in order to prevent excitotoxicity. Astrocytes play a key role in brain energetics, and also astrocytic glutamate transporters are responsible for the vast majority of glutamate uptake in CNS. Experiments with primary astrocytic cultures suggest that increased influx of glutamate ...
Van de Wiele C - - 2013
Using quantitive VOI analysis, the percentage 99m Tc-MAA uptake and SUVmax and mean values of liver metastases obtained prior to SIRT were related to treatment response using both a lesion-based and clinical dichotomous approach. Based on the VOI % of 99m Tc-MAA activity, the estimated 90 Y-microspheres activity/cc (MBq/cc) was ...
Sanos Stephanie L - - 2013
Innate lymphoid cells (ILC) are a recently discovered group of innate lymphocytes found at mucosal surfaces. The transcriptional and effector programs of ILC strikingly resemble those of the various T-helper (Th) cell fates (that is, Th1, Th2, Th9, Th17, Th22). ILC are involved in protecting the mucosal borders by producing ...
Ferrara Pietro - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate pain perception in epileptic children during an invasive procedure as the collection of venous blood through salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) activity determination, and to compare it with that of healthy children. In the study 23 children, 12 with epilepsy and 11 healthy controls ...
Padilla-Rodriguez Marco - - 2013
A novel cyclovirus (proposed genus "Cyclovirus", family Circoviridae) was discovered in a specimen of Eurycotis floridana (Walker), also known as the Florida woods cockroach or palmetto bug, collected from Tarpon Springs, Florida. The Florida woods cockroach-associated cyclovirus GS140 (FWCasCyV-GS140) was obtained through a degenerate PCR assay and showed 64 % genome-wide ...
Kim Ji Hoon - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recently, single port laparoscopic surgery has begun to develop as an extension of minimally invasive surgery, but there have been only a few reports of single port laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (SPLTEP) hernioplasty. In addition, there are few comparative studies with conventional laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (CLTEP) hernioplasty. The aim of ...
Williams Sophie - - 2013
Ceramic-on-metal (COM) hip replacements, where the head is BIOLOX® Delta ceramic and the liner is CoCrMo alloy, have demonstrated reduced wear under standard simulator conditions compared to metal-on-metal (MOM) bearings. COM hips are now being used clinically around the world. MOM hip resurfacings have raised concerns regarding poor clinical performance ...
Tulpule Ketki - - 2013
Formaldehyde is endogenously produced in the human body and brain levels of this compound are elevated in neurodegenerative conditions. Although the toxic potential of an excess of formaldehyde has been studied, little is known on the molecular mechanisms underlying its neurotoxicity as well as on the ability of neurons to ...
Wu Wei - - 2013
Schistosomiasis remains a major public health problem with an estimated 200 million people infected in the world, and in China, schistosomiasis japonica is endemic in the south part of the country. In 1960s, before praziquantel was developed, there were about seven million patients. Praziquantel has a high efficacy against Schistosoma, ...
Murata Viviane Midori - - 2013
Digoxin is a pharmaceutical used in the control of cardiac dysfunction. Its therapeutic window is narrow, with effect dosage very close to the toxic dosage. To counteract the toxic effect, polyclonal Fab fragments are commercially available. Our study is based on a monoclonal anti-digoxin antibody, which would provide a product ...
Khojasteh Arash - - 2013
Polycaprolactone-tricalcium phosphate (PCL-TCP), a new composite scaffold, has been shown to facilitate early revascularization and speed up bone regeneration process. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of PCL-TCP seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on healing of the vertical bone critical sized defect in dog's mandible. ...
Philippou Prodromos - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The European Association of Urology guidelines identify lichen sclerosus (LS) as a strong risk factor for penile squamous cell carcinoma (pSCC). However, this statement is based on the findings of case-control studies (Level of Evidence 2a) and a direct ...
Kelaidi C - - 2013
Darbepoetin (DAR), with or without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), has proved effective in treating anemia in patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), but its effects on quality of life (QoL) and exercise functioning are less well established. In this phase II study (no. NCT00443339), lower-risk MDS patients with anemia and ...
Peng Zhang - - 2013
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), which plays an important role in inflammation and immune response, is an essential adaptor protein for the NF-κB (nuclear factor κB) signaling pathway. Recent studies have shown that TRAF6 played an important role in tumorigenesis and invasion by suppressing NF-κB activation. However, up ...
Chen Wei-Ying - - 2013
The attentional processes for tracking moving objects may be largely hemisphere-specific. Indeed, in our first two experiments the maximum object speed (speed limit) for tracking targets in one visual hemifield (left or right) was not significantly affected by a requirement to track additional targets in the other hemifield. When the ...
Ichihara Keisuke - - 2013
Remarkably enhanced stability of the self-assembled hydrogen-bonded heterocapsule 1⋅2 by the encapsulation of 1,4-bis(1-propynyl)benzene 3 a was found with K(a) =1.14×10(9)  M(-1) in CDCl(3) and K(a2) =1.59×10(8)  M(-2) in CD(3) OD/CDCl(3) (10 % v/v) at 298 K. The formation of 3 a@(1⋅2) was enthalpically driven (ΔH°<0 and ΔS°<0) and there was a unique inflection ...
King Derek - - 2013
This article examines the thresholds at which provision of unpaid care affects employment in England. Previous research has shown that providing care for 20 or more hours a week has a negative effect on employment. The present article explores the impact of a lower threshold and asks whether provision of ...
Figari M - - 2013
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a serious complication in dialysis patients and is routinely managed with medical therapy. Refractory disease is usually treated either surgically or by local ethanol injection into the parathyroid glands. Total parathyroidectomy with deltoid implant can be successful; however, recurrent, resistant disease is not uncommon. Local ethanol ...
Wimmer Markus A - - 2013
The very low wear rates achieved with the current highly cross-linked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylenes (UHMWPE) used in joint prostheses have proven to be difficult to measure accurately by gravimetry. Tracer methods are therefore being explored. The purpose of this study was to perform a proof-of-concept experiment on the use ...
Grommes Christian - - 2013
PURPOSE: The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), a member of the nuclear hormone receptor family, represents a target in glioma therapy due to its antineoplastic effects in vitro on human glioma cell lines. We investigate the antineoplastic effects of the PPARγ agonist pioglitazone (pio) in a human glioma xenograft model ...
Haberl Johannes M - - 2013
A stimuli-responsive material is synthesized that combines the actuation potential of liquid-crystalline elastomers with the anisotropic magnetic properties of ellipsoidal iron oxide nanoparticles. The resulting nanocomposite exhibits unique shape-memory features with magnetic information, which can be reversibly stored and erased via parameters typical of soft materials, such as high deformations, ...
Smith Andrew R - - 2013
In a free-air carbon dioxide (CO(2) ) enrichment study (BangorFACE), Alnus glutinosa, Betula pendula and Fagus sylvatica were planted in areas of one-, two- and three-species mixtures (n = 4). The trees were exposed to ambient or elevated CO(2) (580 μmol mol(-1) ) for 4 yr, and aboveground growth characteristics were measured. In monoculture, the ...
Ito Yasuhiro - - 2013
In contrast to minimally invasive follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC), widely invasive FTC is aggressive and is associated with a dire prognosis. However, prognostic factors of widely invasive FTC have not been intensively investigated. In this study, we investigated this issue in a series of 79 widely invasive FTC patients. In ...
Wang Mei-Yun - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the association of quantitative 3-T diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and clinical severity in detecting optic nerve degeneration in patients with primary closed-angle glaucoma. METHODS: Twenty three patients (42 eyes; 9 men, 14 women) with ...
Naoe Tomoki - - 2013
Ten years ago, gene mutations found in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were conceptually grouped into class I mutation, which causes constitutive activation of intracellular signals that contribute to the growth and survival, and class II mutation, which blocks differentiation and/or enhance self-renewal by altered transcription factors. A cooperative model between ...
Qiu Man-Tang - - 2013
Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of non-protein coding part of human genome in carcinogenesis and metastasis. Among numerous kinds of non-protein coding RNAs, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a key regulatory role in cancer biology. LncRNAs are dysregulated in different kinds of cancer and the expression levels of certain ...
Becce Fabio - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare image quality of a standard-dose (SD) and a low-dose (LD) cervical spine CT protocol using filtered back-projection (FBP) and iterative reconstruction (IR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients investigated by cervical spine CT were prospectively randomised into two groups: SD (120 kVp, 275 mAs) and LD (120 kVp, 150 mAs), both applying ...
García-Palacios Pablo - - 2013
Domestication took plants from natural environments to agro-ecosystems, where resources are generally plentiful and plant life is better buffered against environmental risks such as drought or pathogens. We hypothesized that predictions derived from the comparison of low vs high resource ecosystems (faster-growing plants promoting faster nutrient cycling in the latter) ...
Maruyama Noriaki - - 2013
Background: The clinical utility of factor Xa inhibitors (xabans) has been demonstrated, but these inhibitors are contraindicated in patients undergoing dialysis therapy. Therefore, warfarin remains the mainstay for oral anticoagulation treatment of patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). Objective: This study investigated the changes in international normalized ratio (INR) during HD treatment ...
Yang Fan - - 2013
Abstract Objective: This study engaged in investigation of optimal formulation, characteristics analysis of Brucea javanica oil microemulsion (BJOM) in order to address safety concerns and make recommendations for improvements in BJOM safety during clinical use in vivo. Methods: Pseudo-ternary phase diagram techniques were used to determine the appropriate ratio of ...
Majem M - - 2013
Docetaxel, pemetrexed and epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (gefitinib and erlotinib) are recommended second-line therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with disease progression. Although erlotinib is the only recommended third-line therapy, several drugs are being used in the clinic. Recent studies have focused on combining ...
Belaya Z E - - 2013
Patients with endogenous hypercortisolism have higher sclerostin, but do not differ in Dickkopf 1 (Dkk1) or secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) levels as compared to healthy control. INTRODUCTION: Endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS), usually affecting young and otherwise healthy patients, is a good model to validate the effects of supraphysiological levels ...
Moroi Rintaro - - 2013
An association between FCGR3A-158 V/F polymorphism and biological responses to infliximab has been reported in Crohn's disease (CD) in Western countries. However, little is known about the mechanism by which gene polymorphism affects the responses to infliximab. The aims of this study were to confirm the association in Japanese CD patients ...
Jha Priyanka - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Skeletal surveys for non-accidental trauma (NAT) include lateral spinal and pelvic views, which have a significant radiation dose. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pelvic and lateral spinal radiographs should routinely be performed during initial bone surveys for suspected NAT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The radiology database was queried for the period ...
Tafavogh Siamak - - 2013
Neuroblastoma is a malignant tumor and a cancer in childhood that derives from the neural crest. The number of neuroblastic cells within the tumor provides significant prognostic information for pathologists. An enormous number of neuroblastic cells makes the process of counting tedious and error-prone. We propose a user interaction-independent framework ...
Cheatham Sharon L - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We report the Melody valve implanted and/or expanded to 24mm diameter. BACKGROUND: The Medtronic Melody valve has been implanted up to 22mm in the pulmonary position for over a decade. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 82 patients who underwent Melody valve implant. Technical implant method, pre- ...
Brown Ted - - 2013
ABSTRACT The Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2nd edition (DTVP-2) is frequently used by occupational therapists to evaluate school-age children. It is important that therapists use assessments with established validity and reliability. This study investigated the convergent validity and internal consistency of the DTVP-2. Forty-five healthy participants from Australia, aged 6-12 years, ...
Kodama Tomonobu - - 2013
Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with detachable coils has been accepted widely. Problems of coil compaction, recanalization and rare endothelialization at the aneurysm orifice are not yet solved. We investigated the efficacy of a simvastatin coating applied without any additional matrix to coils to accelerate thrombus organization in the cavity ...
Liu Yunbao - - 2013
Curcuma spp. (Zingiberaceae) is one of the significant ingredients in food and traditional medicines. The current study was to investigate health-benefits of the rhizomes of endemic Curcuma caesia, Curcuma zedoaria and Curcuma aeruginosa using in vitro antioxidant, antiinflammatory and human tumor cell proliferation inhibitory activities. Among these, C. caesia (black ...
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