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Results 601 - 650 of 3251
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Tsuji Daiki - - 2013
Resistance to antiemetic treatment with 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 receptor antagonists is a problem, with 20%-30% of patients showing unsatisfactory responses. Efflux transport by P-glycoprotein, encoded by the ATP-binding cassette ABCB1 gene in the blood-brain barrier, has been the suggested resistance mechanism. We evaluated the association between the antiemetic efficacy of granisetron ...
Rabinstein Alejandro A - - 2013
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can result from the rupture of an intracranial aneurysm-a weakened, dilated area of a blood vessel in the brain that is prone to burst. SAH can be devastating. Approximately 1 in 6 patients dies at the time of the bleeding. Those who initially survive can die after ...
Abla Adib A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms are among the more challenging aneurysms for endovascular treatment. We report a contemporary 5-year experience with endovascular therapy for MCA aneurysms at a high-volume neurovascular center. METHODS: Review of prospectively maintained intracranial aneurysm database. RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2009, 148 patients underwent treatment of ...
Manivannan Shanmugam - - 2013
Different synthetic routes were described to prepare silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in an amine functionalized silicate sol-gel matrix (TPDT) by employing different combination of reagents such as silicate sol-gel (TPDT), β-cyclodextrin (CD)-TPDT, TPDT-surfactant (BDAC), CD-TPDT-BDAC and CD-TPDT-BDAC/ascorbic acid (AA). The spectral and colorimetric detection of Hg(ii) ions were carried ...
Chang D S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: External beam radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy (CRT) is widely used for the treatment of unresectable pancreatic cancer. Noncoplanar (NCP) 3D conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and coplanar (CP) IMRT have been reported to lower the radiation dose to organs at risk (OARs). The purpose of this article is ...
Wong Geoff G Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Queen Mary University of London, UK. - - 2013
Meta-narrative review is one of an emerging menu of new approaches to qualitative and mixed-method systematic review. A meta-narrative review seeks to illuminate a heterogeneous topic area by highlighting the contrasting and complementary ways researchers have studied the same or a similar topic. No previous publication standards exist for the ...
Stevenson Peter R - - 2013
Single-dimension separations are routinely coupled in series to achieve two-dimensional separations, yet little has been done to simultaneously exploit multiple dimensions during separation. In this work, simultaneous chromatography and electrophoresis is introduced and evaluated for its potential to achieve two-dimensional separations. In simultaneous chromatography and electrophoresis, chromatography occurs via capillary ...
Gonda T - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine a longitudinal clinical performance of magnetic attachments used for natural overdenture abutments. The study included 131 patients who had used removable prostheses (complete overdentures 31%, partial dentures 69%) more than 5 years (40-90 years old) with 211 magnetic attachments on natural abutments (Magfit 400 ...
Savada Raghavendra P - - 2013
Ribosomal subunit assembly in the nucleolus is dependent on efficient targeting of ribosomal proteins (RPs) from the cytoplasm into the nucleus and nucleolus. Nuclear/nucleolar localization of a protein is generally mediated by one or more specific stretches of basic amino acids-nuclear/nucleolar localization signals (NLSs/NoLSs). Arabidopsis thaliana RPL23aA has eight putative ...
Peters Stacey L - - 2013
PURPOSE: Medication use during pregnancy is common and increasing. Women are also increasingly getting healthcare information from sources other than their physicians. METHODS: This report summarizes an environmental scan that identified 25 active Internet sites that list medications reported to be safe for use in pregnancy and highlights the inadequate ...
Matsubara Keisuke - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Subject head motion during sequential (15)O positron emission tomography (PET) scans can result in artifacts in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen metabolism maps. However, to our knowledge, there are no systematic studies examining this issue. Herein, we investigated the effect of head motion on quantification of CBF and ...
Ron Charach - - 2013
Abstract Objective - To investigate risk factors for hysterectomy following uterine rupture. Methods - A population-based study comparing all uterine ruptures with and without hysterectomy between 1988 and 2011 was conducted. Stratified analysis was performed using a multiple logistic regression analysis. Results - Peripartum hysterectomy complicated 20.7% (n = 34) ...
Becker Stephen P - - 2013
As research examining sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) advances, it is important to examine the structure and validity of SCT in a variety of samples, including samples of children who are clinically-distressed but not referred specifically for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study used a large sample of psychiatrically hospitalized children ...
Metcalfe Janet - - 2013
The cues contributing to people's metacognitions of agency were investigated in two experiments in which people played a computer game that involved trying to "touch", via a mouse moving a cursor, downward scrolling X's (Experiment 1), or trying to "explode" the downward scrolling X's (Experiment 2). Both experiments varied (a) ...
Reyes-Pérez Faviola - - 2013
The increasing demand for high-fiber products has favored the design of numerous bakery products rich in fiber such as bread, cookies, and cakes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the dietary fiber and estimated glycemic index of cookies containing extruded wheat bran. Wheat bran was subjected to extrusion ...
Voit Richard A RA Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, - - 2013
Restriction factors constitute a newly appreciated line of innate immune defense, blocking viral replication inside of infected cells. In contrast to these antiviral proteins, some cellular proteins, such as the CD4, CCR5, and CXCR4 cell surface receptors, facilitate HIV replication. We have used zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) to insert a ...
Zhang Dawei - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Our previous studies showed that glioma-associated oncogene (Gli)2 plays an important role in the proliferation and apoptosis resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical significance of Gli2 expression in HCC. METHODS: Expression of Gli2 protein was detected in samples ...
Shortt Joann Wu JW Oregon Social Learning Center, Eugene, OR 97401, USA. - - 2013
The substantial number of young people in romantic relationships that involve intimate partner violence, a situation deleterious to physical and mental health, has resulted in increased attention to understanding the links between risk factors and course of violence. The current study examined couples' interpersonal stress related to not liking partners' ...
Monnier Laurie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment for unresectable advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is chemoradiotherapy, which can be toxic, particularly among patients with coexisting medical conditions. We report our experience with the hypofractionated radiotherapy regimen Irradiation HypoFractionnée 2 Séances Quotidiennes (IHF2SQ). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 78 patients treated with the IHF2SQ ...
Fronza Edegar - - 2013
The chemical composition of the soybean pods armyworm Spodoptera cosmioides (Walker, 1858) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Anticarsia gemmatalis Hübner, 1818 (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) larval cuticles was evaluated using gas chromatography coupled to a mass detector (GC-MS). Among the usual lipids found in the insect cuticle, α-tocopherol and α-tocopheryl acetate were also isolated ...
Walsby Elisabeth J - - 2013
Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90; HSP90AA1) is a molecular chaperone involved in signalling pathways for cell proliferation, survival, and cellular adaptation. Inhibitors of HSP90 are being examined as anti-cancer agents, but the critical molecular mechanism(s) of their activity remains unresolved. HSP90 inhibition potentially facilitates the simultaneous targeting of multiple molecules ...
Wagh Anil - - 2013
The ability to map multiple biomarkers at the same time has far-reaching biomedical and diagnostic applications. Here, a series of biocompatible poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) and polyethylene glycol particles for multicolor and multiplexed imaging are reported. More than 30 particle formulations that exhibit distinct emission signatures (ranging from the visible to NIR ...
Jeremic B - - 2013
Recent years brought increasing use of gold nano particles (GNP) as a model platform for interaction of irradiation and GNPs aiming radiosensitization. Endocytosis seems to be one of the major pathways for cellular uptake of GNPs. Internalization mechanism of GNPs is likely receptor-mediated endocytosis, influenced by GNP size, shape, its ...
Parmentier H - - 2013
(A)(bstract) Objective: This review aims to summarize meta-analyses and other relevant data relating to the efficacy and safety of the various treatment options for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in Europe. In addition, it will provide an overview of the prevalence, burden, and recognition of the disorder, with a view to ...
Skoien Richard - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Adult non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) involves lobular necroinflammatory activity and fibrosis is typically centrilobular, whereas paediatric NAFLD has predominantly portal fibrosis. The reasons for these differences are unclear. We aimed to determine (a) how centrilobular and portal fibrosis in children relate to histological parameters; and (b) whether atypical ...
Mongardon Nicolas - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Despite experimental evidence, clinical demonstration of acute state of oxidative stress and inflammation during post-cardiac arrest syndrome is lacking. Plasma level of thioredoxin (TRX), a redox-active protein induced under conditions of oxidative stress and inflammation, is increased in various critical care conditions. We determined plasma TRX concentrations after ...
Gancedo Juana M - - 2013
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) plays a key regulatory role in most types of cells; however, the pathways controlled by cAMP may present important differences between organisms and between tissues within a specific organism. Changes in cAMP levels are caused by multiple triggers, most affecting adenylyl cyclases, the enzymes that synthesize cAMP. ...
Freitas Cláudia - - 2013
The use of lignocellulosic materials as substrate for bioethanol production is considered a cost-effective approach to make the biofuel production process economically sustainable. However, lignocellulosic hydrolysis releases toxic compounds such as weak acids which inhibit microorganism growth and ethanol production. In order to understand the physiological response of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis ...
Fossaceca Rita - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in a selected population of diabetic patients with below-the-knee (BTK) disease and to analyze the reliability of the angiosome model. METHODS: We made a retrospective analysis of the results of PTA performed in 201 diabetic patients with BTK-only disease treated ...
Davis James S - - 2013
PURPOSE: Pediatric cardiac malignancies are exceedingly rare. We sought to examine demographics, presentation, and outcomes for this pathology. METHODS: The SEER registry from 1973 to 2008 was queried for all patients <20 years of age with cardiac malignancies. RESULTS: A total of 25 pediatric patients were identified with primary cardiac malignancies, ...
Hanisch Halvor - - 2013
Recent research has highlighted how parental narratives can be important in the resistance against disabling processes. This article contains analyses of enabling language in narratives published by Scandinavian disability rights organizations. First, drawing on the work of Fisher and Goodley, I point out that the material constitute a threefold: normality ...
Björling Karl - - 2013
Aim: Using mice deficient in the Ca(V) 3.1 T-type Ca(2+) channel, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the molecular identity of non-L-type channels involved in vascular tone regulation in mesenteric arteries and arterioles. Methods: We used immunofluorescence microscopy to localize Ca(V) 3.1 channels, patch clamp electrophysiology to ...
Peyre Matthieu - - 2013
Invasion of the brain parenchyma by a meningioma classified by histological criteria as World Health Organization (WHO) Grade I meningioma, implies that the tumor has greater likelihood of recurrence and a biological behavior similar to the more aggressive WHO Grade II meningiomas. It is therefore important to detect microscopic foci ...
Tan Shi Zhuan - - 2013
The use of intravitreal ranibizumab in exudative age-related macular degeneration (eAMD) has become commonplace. We aim to investigate the early predictors of this treatment outcome. Seventy-one treatment-naive eyes of 71 patients with eAMD of all lesion subtypes who received intravitreal ranibizumab treatment and completed 12 months of follow-up were included. All ...
McKie John - - 2013
The study examined the question of who should make decisions for a National Health Scheme about the allocation of health resources when the health states of beneficiaries could change because of adaptation. Eight semi-structured small group discussions were conducted. Following focus group theory, interviews commenced with general questions followed by ...
Xie Q - - 2013
The aetiology of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is multifactorial, and numerous studies have addressed that occlusion may be of great importance. However, whether occlusion plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of TMD remains controversial. Study designs utilising animal models have been used to study the effects of artificial occlusal alterations. ...
Rigouin Pascal - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the organizational and psychosocial risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in workers exposed to various levels of work-related constraints, with a special focus on factors related to the work organization. METHODS: From 3,710 workers, representative of a French region's working ...
Enoki K - - 2013
Because there are more elderly people than ever before and because they are living for longer periods of time, it is essential to understand the determinants of healthy ageing. This study examined changes in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Japanese elderly over a 7-year period. A sample of ...
Jia Lian - - 2013
A hydroponic experiment was carried out to investigate possible hormetic response induced by cadmium (Cd) in a potential hyperaccumulator-Lonicera japonica Thunb. The results showed that Cd at low concentrations induced a significant increase in plant growth, leaf water content and content of photosynthetic pigments in L. japonica, but decreased them ...
Lee Kang-Hoon KH Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis and Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California, Sacramento, CA 95817, - - 2013
The vast majority of the mouse and human genomes consist of repetitive elements (REs), while protein-coding sequences occupy only ~3 %. It has been reported that the Y chromosomes of both species are highly populated with REs although at present, their complete sequences are not available in any public database. ...
Goto Takeo - - 2013
Although entire exposure of the sigmoid sinus has been recognized as a complicated procedure in presigmoid approaches, we developed a new technique to expose the sigmoid sinus quite safely and simply without tough bone work. This study aims to demonstrate our technique in detail and present the effect of the ...
Kann Birthe B Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Saarland University, Campus A4.1, 66123 Saarbruecken, - - 2013
Confocal Raman microscopy is an analytical technique with a steadily increasing impact in the field of pharmaceutics as the instrumental setup allows for nondestructive visualization of component distribution within drug delivery systems. Here, the attention is mainly focused on classic solid carrier systems like tablets, pellets, or extrudates. Due to ...
White Aaron M - - 2013
Drug poisoning is the leading method of suicide-related deaths among females and third among males in the United States. Alcohol can increase the severity of drug poisonings, yet the prevalence of alcohol overdoses in suicide-related drug poisonings (SRDP) remains unclear. Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample was examined to determine ...
Golshahi L - - 2013
Deposition of particles in the aerodynamic diameter range of 0.5-6.7 μm was measured in nine replicas of the extrathoracic airways of adults with four sinusoidal patterns and oral breathing. The four chosen breathing patterns are typical of those occurring during natural resting breathing and during nebulization therapy. Additionally, deposition of micrometer-sized ...
Bohman B - - 2013
AIM: To investigate conversations between nurses and parents in Swedish child health services, and to assess to what extent attention is directed towards dietary and physical activity behaviors in children. METHODS: Twenty-three nurses audio-recorded one session each. Recordings were assessed and topics were classified according to pre-determined categories. RESULTS: The ...
Huan Zhiguang - - 2013
In this study, a porous oxide layer was formed on the surface of nickel-titanium alloy (NiTi) by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) with the aim to produce a polymer-free drug carrier for drug eluting stent (DES) applications. The oxidation was performed galvanostatically in concentrated phosphoric acid electrolyte at low temperature. It ...
Pamuk Baris Onder - - 2013
The aim of this was to evaluate some of the vascular biomarkers and cytokines related with atherosclerosis in regularly treated and attack-free familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients. Forty (21 males [M] and 19 females [F], 31 [15-58] years) FMF patients and eighteen healthy controls (11 M and 7 F, 35.5 [19-46] ...
Nagarajan Niranjan - - 2013
Advances in sequencing technologies and increased access to sequencing services have led to renewed interest in sequence and genome assembly. Concurrently, new applications for sequencing have emerged, including gene expression analysis, discovery of genomic variants and metagenomics, and each of these has different needs and challenges in terms of assembly. ...
Celik Ahmet - - 2013
The pathophysiology of Cardiac Syndrome X (CSX) is still unclear, but most patients with CSX have endothelial dysfunction. It has been shown that adropin uniquely effects the regulation of endothelial function. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of adropin in CSX. 86 consecutive Cardiac Syndrome X-diagnosed ...
De Moraes Carlos G - - 2013
Purpose:  To investigate the relationship between optic disc progression and rates of visual field (VF) change in patients with treated glaucoma. Methods:  Glaucoma patients with repeatable VF loss, ≥8 SITA-Standard 24-2 VF tests and good quality optic disc stereophotographs evaluated over a 10-year period were included. Optic disc photographs were ...
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